Association of Islamic Prayer with Psychological Stability in Bosnian War Veterans
AbstractTo compare the outcomes among war veterans who pray/do not pray and who were not suffering mental disorders after the Bosnia –Herzegovina war (1992–95). The sample consists of 100 healthy Bosnian war veterans divided in two equal groups—one, a highly religious group inside which were individuals who perform five obligatory prayers every day, and another group of individuals who do not practice any daily prayer. We u sed Minnesota Multiphase Personal Inventory (MMPI), Profile Index of Emotions (PIE) and Life Style Questionnaire (LSQ). War veterans who prayed had significantly higher levels for: inc...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 10, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

What Makes You So Sure? Dogmatism, Fundamentalism, Analytic Thinking, Perspective Taking and Moral Concern in the Religious and Nonreligious
AbstractBetter understanding the psychological factors related to certainty in one ’s beliefs (i.e., dogmatism) has important consequences for both individuals and social groups. Generally, beliefs can find support from at least two different routes of information processing: social/moral considerations or analytic/empirical reasoning. Here, we investigate how these two psycholo gical constructs relate to dogmatism in two groups of individuals who preferentially draw on the former or latter sort of information when forming beliefs about the world—religious and nonreligious individuals. Across two studies and th...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 10, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Role of Leadership Support in a Church-Based Cancer Education Implementation Study
We examined church leaders’ support—as perceived by lay community health advisor (CHA) interventionists—and implementation outcomes in a cancer early detection trial. CHAs perceived that their pastors: helped promote the intervention (M = 3.1/4, SD 1.2) and attended about half (M = 1.6/3, SD 1.3) the workshops. CHAs used marginally more techniques to recruit members when they perceived pastors were engaged in promoting the program (rs = .44,p = .08). Pastor attendance was positively associated with member enrollment (rs = .50,p 
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 9, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

“Solitude, Religious and Cultural Uniqueness in a Foreign Environment: Adjustments as an Arab Student” for Your Consideration to be Published in Your Journal
This study explored how Arab-Muslim International Students live and cope in a non-Arab, non-Muslim country. The authors used phenomenological approach with Colaizzi ’s method of analysis to (1) explore the lived experience of the Arab students’ academic and social life and (2) come up with recommendations that can be supported by universities in Philippines and other countries with Arab students. Emergent themes include Hybrid vision and empowerment from ed ucation beyond borders “Tatallo at wa kudurat,” Stigma in the Arab world “Hallah,” Islam as way of life “Al Islam: Manhaj Hayy...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 9, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Predictors of Diabetes Fatalism Among Arabs: A Cross-Sectional Study of Lebanese Adults with Type 2 Diabetes
AbstractFatalism is a grounded cultural belief that is common among Arabs and is known to hinder self-care in chronic diseases including diabetes (Nabolsi and Carson in Scand J Caring Sci 25(4):716 –724,2011). The purpose of this study is to identify predictors of diabetes fatalism in this population. Data on 280 Lebanese patients with type 2 diabetes (mean age 58.24  ± 13.48 years; mean HbA1c 7.90 ± 1.90%; 53.76% females) recruited from one hospital in greater Beirut, Lebanon, and from the community using snowballing technique were examined. Multiple linear regression was used ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 8, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Ritual Participation, Sense of Community, and Social Well-Being: A Study of Seva in the Sikh Community
AbstractThe study examined the impact of frequency of ritual participation on sense of community and social well-being of a minority community in India, the Sikhs. We looked at a unique ritualistic practice of the Sikhs,seva. Rituals are known to contribute toward social solidarity and cohesion as well as physical and mental well-being. In particular for a minority community, rituals help group members establish and maintain strong community networks and a unique group identity. A total of 156 members of the Sikh community (85 males; 71 females) participated in the study. Frequency of ritual participation was positively re...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 2, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The unconscious roots of creativity
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 2, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

An Age –Period–Cohort Analysis of Religious Involvement and Adult Self-Rated Health: Results from the USA, 1972–2008
This study conducts an age, period, cohort analysis of how religious involvement affects adult health across the life course and over time in the USA. Cross-classified random-effect models are used to examine data drawn from the General Social Survey, 1972 –2008. The research shows clear life course patterns, time trends and birth cohort changes in the religious involvement and health relationship with period effects surpassing cohort effects. For the most part, the results show a loss of advantage in health with age for those who are more involved in religion. Period effects are mainly demonstrated by an overall dow...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 19, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religious Belief and Mental Health in Lay and Consecrated Italian Teachers
This study aimed to compare the rate of job strain and burnout among lay and consecrated teachers and to study the effect of religious coping on the mental health of these two groups. A cross-sectional survey study was carried out in Catholic kindergarten, preschool and primary schools of an Italian Congregation of nuns, in South Italy. The Italian versions of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Educator Survey (MBI-ES) scale, of the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) and a study-specific questionnaire with sociodemographic variables and indicators of subjective (self-reported religiosity) and objective (prayer personal and c...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 19, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religion and Public Health: Moral Tradition as Both Problem and Solution
This article suggests a need for religious traditions to consider their moral traditions anew with an eye toward prevention and population health. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 19, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Lower Cancer Rates Among Druze Compared to Arab and Jewish Populations in Israel, 1999 –2009
AbstractThe Druze are a small ethnic minority in Israel amounting to about 130,000 residents (or 1.7  % of the total population of the country). Unlike other population groups, the Druze strive to keep their own traditions and marry mainly inside their own community. During the last decade, cancer morbidity among both Jews and Arabs in Israel has been increasing, while data on the Druze are little known and have not been analyzed and compared to other population groups to date. To compare cancer morbidity rates among Druze, Arabs and Jews in Israel during 1999–2009, gender-specific and age-standardized incidence...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 19, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Study of Spiritual Intelligence and Adjustment Among Arts and Science College Students
AbstractA study to evaluate the relationship between the spiritual intelligence and adjustment among the college students was conducted on a sample of 250 students in six various colleges of Tuticorin district, Tamil Nadu, India. Gender, religion, community, major subject, educational qualification of father and mother, student locality, college type, father and mother ’s occupation and monthly family income (n = 11 variables) were chosen for the study. Test of significance for spiritual intelligence and adjustment was studied and found them nonsignificant except student locality, found to be significant. T...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 19, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Burst Out of the Dead Land by the Help of Spirituality: A Case Study of Living with Blindness and Cancer
AbstractBlindness is one of the most complex problems related to health throughout the world. The condition is worse when such stress is accompanied with cancer. The aim of this case study was to introduce a patient with both these conditions who could come over her problems well. A phenomenological hermeneutic approach influenced by Ricoeur was used to explore the experience of the patient. Data were collected through unstructured and deep interview and by checking patient medical records. The patient is an Iranian 58-year-old teacher residing in Kerman who became blind at age 32 due to bloodshed inside the eye and was af...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 19, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Validation of Brief Multidimensional Spirituality/Religiousness Inventory (BMMRS) in Italian Adult Participants and in Participants with Medical Diseases
This study aimed at assessing the reliability and construct validity of Brief Multidimensional Measure of Religiousness/Spirituality (BMMRS) on Italian sample. Sample: 353 Italian participants: 58.9% affected by different diseases and 41.1% healthy subjects. The results of descriptive statistics of internal consistency reliabilities (Chronbach ’s coefficient) of the BMMRS revealed a remarkable consistency and reliability of different scales DSE, SpC, SC, CSC, VB, SPY-WELL and a good Inter-Class Correlations ≥70 maintaining a good stability of the measures over the time. BMMRS is a useful inventory for the evaluati...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 19, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Trust-in-God, Positive and Negative Affect, and Hope
Abstract We aimed to test the relationships between Trust-in-God, positive and negative affect, and feelings of hope. A sample of university students (N = 282, 50 % female) completed the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule, the Adult Dispositional Hope Scale, and a Persian measure of Trust-in-God for Muslims. The results of a series of hierarchical regression analyses indicated that Trust-in-God was positively associated with participants’ s cores for hope and positive affect but was negatively associated with their scores for negative affect. The results support the relationship between Trust-in-G...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 19, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Miraculous Meaning: Threatened Meaning Increases Belief in Miracles
AbstractFor many, religious belief is a source of meaning and a resource for coping with life stressors that have the potential to undercut meaning. In the present study, we sought to further probe the connection between religion and meaning by focusing on the potential for threatened meaning to inspire belief in miraculous testimonials. We threatened meaning with a meaninglessness manipulation and then had participants read testimonials in which people described miraculous experiences involving supernatural agents and rate the extent to which they believed these testimonials to be credible and true. Meaning threat, relati...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 19, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spirituality Moderates Hopelessness, Depression, and Suicidal Behavior among Malaysian Adolescents
AbstractSuicide is an important public health problem for adolescents, and it is essential to increase our knowledge concerning the etiology of suicide among adolescent students. Therefore, this study was designed to examine the associations between hopelessness, depression, spirituality, and suicidal behavior, and to examine spirituality as a moderator between hopelessness, depression, and suicidal behavior among 1376 Malaysian adolescent students. The participants completed measures of depression, hopelessness, daily spiritual experience, and suicidal behavior. Structural equation modeling indicated that adolescent stude...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 19, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Turkish Imams ’ Experience with and Their Attitudes Toward Suicide and Suicidal Persons
This study investigated the experience with and attitudes toward suicide and suicidality in 70 consenting imams serving in mosques in the province of Aydin which is located at the southwest part of Turkey. A self-report questionnaire was used to collect the data. Attitudes of imams to suicide and suicidality were compared with attitudes of male university students. Only 4 imams (5.7  %) reported having had suicidal thoughts in past, and none reported having attempted suicide. Almost 50 % said that someone in communities they serve has commited suicide and nearly 40 % reported leading funeral ceremony for som...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 19, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Protective Role of Spirituality from the Perspective of Indian College Students with Suicidal Ideation: “I am here Because God Exists”
AbstractSpiritual beliefs are found to be having a significant effect during times of struggles and trials in peoples ’ lives. India being a multi-religious society, it is imperative to establish the relevance of spirituality in the lives of the college students with suicidal ideation. The current study therefore utilized focus group methodology to explore the Indian female college students’ perceptions on the protective role of spirituality as a factor contributing to their positive adaptation in times of adversity. Twenty students participated in the discussion. The results interestingly surfaced themes suppo...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 19, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Influence of Skill Development Training Program for Spiritual Care of Elderly Individual on Elderly Care Technician Students ’ Perception of Spiritual Support
This study was conducted in order to examine the influence of “Skill Development Training Program for Spiritual Care of Elderly Individual,” which was carried out with students from elderly care program, on the perception of spirituality support in a pretest–posttest quasi-experimental study design with control group. As the data collection form, “Spir itual Support Perception” (SSP) scale was used. The mean scores of the intervention group after the training and after one month are 50.39 ± 5.34 and 51.13 ± 4.98, respectively, and those of the control group ar...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 19, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Ministry-Related Burnout and Stress Coping Mechanisms Among Assemblies of God -Ordained Clergy in Minnesota
This study assessed occupational burnout and stress coping mechanisms among ministers affiliated with theAssemblies of God, a denomination that has received little attention in previous burnout-related studies. A cross-sectional design was employed using two instruments with acceptable psychometric properties. Approximately 65  % of those surveyed were either suffering from burnout or on the verge of burnout. Statistical differences in coping mechanism use were found between those who were and were not experiencing some level of burnout. The results of this study add to the existing understanding of occupational burno...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 19, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

An Exploration of the Associations Among Multiple Aspects of Religiousness, Body Image, Eating Pathology, and Appearance Investment
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of positive and negative aspects of religiousness on eating pathology, body satisfaction, and appearance investment beyond previously established variables (age, BMI, exercise frequency, weight stability, and self-esteem). Data collected from 168 adult females at a Catholic-affiliated university were analyzed using hierarchical linear regressions. As expected, some religiousness variables (spirituality and seeing one ’s body as having sacred qualities) were associated with eating pathology, body satisfaction, and appearance investment in potentially b...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 26, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Prevalence and Nature of Spiritual Distress Among Palliative Care Patients in India
This study describes the prevalence and nature of spiritual distress among Indian palliative care patients. Data from 300 adult cancer patients who had completed a questionnaire with 36 spirituality items were analyzed. Spirituality was shaped by the Indian religious and economic context. A latent class analysis resulted in three clusters: trustful patients (46.4  %), spiritually distressed patients (17.4 %), and patients clinging to divine support (36.2 %). After regression, the clusters were found to be associated with pain scores (p 
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 22, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Commitment to Celibacy in German Catholic Priests: Its Relation to Religious Practices, Psychosomatic Health and Psychosocial Resources
AbstractWe aimed to investigate Catholic priests ’ commitment to celibacy and its relation to their religious practices, life and work satisfaction, and psychosomatic health. Results of our cross-sectional study of 2549 priests show that the majority finds living in celibacy helpful to minister more effectively. Nevertheless, a large proportion see it as a burden and would not choose celibate life again. Commitment to celibacy was predicted best by the frequency of religious practices (liturgy), work engagement and personal relation with God, explaining 39 % of variance. These resources are predictors for mainta...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 22, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Barriers to Cancer Clinical Trial Participation Among Saudi Nationals: A Cross-Sectional Study
This study aims to determine the factors that act as barriers to Saudi cancer patients in participating in a clinical trial (CT). A total of 244 patients from two different tertiary level hospitals (King Khalid University Hospital and King Fahad Medical City Hospital) in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, participated in this cross-sectional study. The participants were interviewed by a trained researcher between September and November 2015. All respondents answered a three-part questionnaire which includes demographics, clinical information, and questions related to awareness of CTs, willingness to participate, and factors affecting p...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 22, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Validation of the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy —Spiritual Well-being (FACIT-Sp12) on French Old People
In conclusion, the validated French version is an suitable instrument to study the maintenance and promotion of quality of life in the elderly. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 22, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

An Examination of Personal Health Promotion and Curricular Coverage of Health at US Seminary Schools
This study provides insight into h ow seminary schools are training future generations of clergy on health-related topics. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 22, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religious and Psychological Implications of Positive and Negative Religious Coping in Iran
This study examined the religious and psychological implications of religious coping in Iran. University students (N = 224) responded to the Brief Positive and Negative Religious Coping Scales along with measures of Religious Orientation, Integrative Self-Knowledge, Self-Control, Mindfulness, Self-Compassion, Self-Esteem, Guilt, Shame, and Self-Criticism. As in previous research elsewhere, Positive Religious Co ping was stronger on average than Negative Religious Coping, and Positive and Negative Religious Coping predicted adjustment and maladjustment, respectively, In addition, this study demonstrated that direc...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 22, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Muslim Scholars ’ Knowledge, Attitudes and Perceived Barriers Towards Polio Immunization in Pakistan
The objective of this study was to assess knowledge, attitudes and perceived barriers of Muslim scholars towards polio immunization in Pakistan. A descriptive, cross-sectional survey of Muslim scholars was conducted in Quetta and Peshawar divisions of Pakistan. From October to December 2015, a convenience sample of 770 Muslim scholars was recruited from the local mosques and religious institutions to participate in this study. Knowledge, attitudes, and perceived barriers were assessed by using self-administered, anonymous and pretested questionnaire. Descriptive and regression analyses were used to express the results withp 
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 22, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Sense of Coherence (SOC) in Christian Orthodox Monks and Nuns in Greece
AbstractThis paper aims to investigate the stress management skills of Christian Orthodox monks and nuns, as measured by Antonovsky ’s scale sense of coherence (SOC). A case–control study was designed to test the hypotheses whether monks and nuns have higher SOC than secular people. The study population consisted of 193 individuals, 96 monks and nuns (study group) and 97 secular men and women (control group). SOC score was h igher in monks and nuns as compared to the secular population (p = 0.002), men as compared to women (p = 0.012) and persons of older age (p = 0.004) as compare...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 22, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spiritual Care Therapy on Quality of Life in Cancer Patients and Their Caregivers: A Prospective Non-randomized Single-Cohort Study
AbstractSpiritual care is still in infancy stage all over the globe including India. The present study was an original study evaluating the role of spiritual care in cancer patients and their primary caregivers regarding their spiritual and general well-being. The study was a prospective, non-randomized single-group study involving cancer patients undergoing surgery and their primary caregivers. Functional assessment of cancer therapy —general and functional assessment of chronic illness therapy-spiritual care was evaluated during the admission and at the time of discharge, two, four  and 6 months following...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 22, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Further Exploring the Link Between Religion and Existential Health: The Effects of Religiosity and Trait Differences in Mentalizing on Indicators of Meaning in Life
We examined how religiosity and trait differences in mentalizing interact to influence meaning. We hypothesized that people who are most cognitively inclined toward religion (high mentalizers) receive the greatest existential benefits (i.e., high and secure meaning) from religiosity. We assessed individual differences in mentalizing and religiosity, and measured indicators of meaning. Results confirmed that the combination of high mentalizing and high religiosity corresponded to the highest levels of existential health. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 22, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Effect of Religiosity on Voice
AbstractThe aim of this study was to examine the relationship between religiosity and phonatory behavior. A total of 186 participants participated in a survey that included four sections: demographic data, extent of religiosity, history of dysphonia, phonatory behavior and laryngeal manipulation, in addition to the Voice Handicap Index (VHI-10). There was no significant association between the prevalence of phonatory symptoms and any of the religiosity questions. There was no significant association between phonatory behavior, history of laryngeal manipulation and any of the religiosity questions. There was also no signifi...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 22, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Exploration of Relationship Between Stress and Spirituality Characteristics of Male and Female Engineering Students: A Comprehensive Study
AbstractThis observational paper endeavours to recognize the connection between spirituality and stress. Four types of indicators are utilized for the estimation of anxiety, vis- à-vis, behavioural indicators, emotional indicators, sleep indicators and personal habits. As per pre-documented theory, if spirituality is high within an individual, then his/her stress will be low and vice versa. In college, the stress of education and scoring grades influences the understudy. In formation is gathered through a survey in the light of spirituality index and stress index. Findings prove that the indicators of the stress are...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 22, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

What do Non-clergy Spiritual Care Providers Contribute to End of Life Care in Israel? A Qualitative Study
AbstractSpiritual care is an increasingly important component of end of life care. As it emerges in Israel, it is intentionally built on a nonclerical model. Based on interviews with spiritual care providers in Israel, we find that they help patients and families talk about death and say goodbyes. They encourage the wrapping up of unfinished business, offer diverse cultural resources that can provide meaning, and use presence and touch to produce connection. As spiritual care emerges in Israel, providers are working with patients at the end of life in ways they see as quite distinct from rabbis. They offer broad frames of ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 22, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Spiritual Well-Being Scale: Psychometric Evaluation of the Shortened Version in Czech Adolescents
AbstractThe aim of this study was to psychometrically evaluate the shortened version of the Spiritual Well-Being Scale (SWBS) in Czech adolescents. A nationally representative sample of 4217 adolescents participated in the 2014 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children survey. The internal consistency of the SWBS was assessed using Cronbach ’s alpha (α) and Mean Inter-Item Correlation (MIIC) values. The factor structure was evaluated using principal component analyses. After adjustment, our new seven-item version of the scale supports a two-factorial model of the SWBS with satisfactory internal consistency (&alp...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 22, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Ethical Dilemmas at the End of Life: Islamic Perspective
AbstractMany Muslim patients and families are often reluctant to accept fatal diagnoses and prognoses. Not infrequently, aggressive therapy is sought by the patient or his/her family, to prolong the life of the patient at all costs. A series of searches were conducted of Medline databases published in English between January 2000 and January 2015 with the following Keywords: End-of-life, Ethics and Islam. Islamic law permits the withdrawal of futile treatment, including all kinds of life support, from terminally ill patients leaving death to take its natural course. However, such decision should only take place when the ph...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 22, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Erratum to: Reflections on Cultural Preferences and Internal Medicine: The Case of Jehovah ’s Witnesses and the Changing Thresholds for Blood Transfusions
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 22, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

A Black Theological Response to Race-Based Medicine: Reconciliation in Minority Communities
AbstractThe harm race-based medicine inflicts on minority bodies through race-based experimentation and the false solutions a race-based drug ensues within minority communities provokes concern. Such areas analyze the minority patient in a physical proxy. Though the mind and body are important entities, we cannot forget about the spirit. Healing is not just a physical practice; it includes spiritual practice. Efficient medicine includes the holistic elements of the mind, body, and spirit. Therefore, the spiritual discipline of black theology can be used as a tool to mend the harms of race-based medicine. It can be an avenu...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 21, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Destroying God ’s Temple? Physical Inactivity, Poor Diet, Obesity, and Other “Sin” Behaviors
AbstractOn average, our participants (N = 112), who self-proclaimed to be Christians, believed that physically inactive lifestyles, unhealthy eating, overeating, and being obese destroy the body, God’s temple. However, these beliefs were less definitive, than those of other common “sin” behaviors, such as drug use, smoking, and e xcessive drinking of alcohol. In addition, destroying the body with physical inactivity or poor diet was not necessarily viewed as sinful. Subsequently, these beliefs did not relate to self-reported physical activity, dietary behavior, or body mass index. It is possible...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religious Coping with Sexual Stigma in Young Adults with Same-Sex Attractions
AbstractThe present study assessed religious coping with sexual stigma in 260 young adults with same-sex attractions. Although the majority of the sample rarely utilized religious coping, a significant minority of participants frequently turned to religion to deal with sexual stigma. Controlling for demographic and general religious variables, positive religious coping (e.g., connecting with God) was associated with beneficial outcomes, and negative religious coping (e.g., frustrations with one ’s spiritual community) related to poorer adjustment to sexual stigma. Data are presented on how religious coping varied as ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Interfaith Spiritual Care: A Systematic Review
AbstractAlthough knowledge on spiritual care provision in an interfaith context is essential for addressing the diversity of patients ’ religious and spiritual needs, an overview of the literature is lacking. Therefore, this article reviews the empirical literature on interfaith spiritual care (ISC) in professional caring relationships. A systematic search in electronic databases was conducted to identify empirical studies publi shed after 2000. Twenty-two studies were included. The quality of the included studies was assessed, and their results were thematically analyzed. The majority were conducted in North America...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 15, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religious Coping, Symptoms of Depression and Anxiety, and Well-Being Among Somali College Students
This study examined the associations between positive and negative religious coping, symptoms of depression and anxiety, physical and emotional well-being among Somali college students in Minnesota. In this online cross-sectional survey study, 156 participants (ages 18 –21,M = 21, SD = 2.3) were recruited. Participants reported using more positive religious coping methods. Negative religious coping was associated with an increase in symptoms of both depression (b = .06,p = .003) and anxiety (b = .04,p = .05), and positive religious coping was associated with...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 14, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Caring for the Caregiver: Identifying the Needs of Those Called to Care Through Partnerships with Congregations
AbstractAs the older adult population continues to grow, the prevalence of chronic diseases is also increasing, leading to the need for novel ways of managing this large population of patients. One solution is to focus on informal caregivers. These informal caregivers already make a substantial contribution to our nation ’s healthcare finances and patient health outcomes. Caregivers also derive benefits from caring for their family member or friend; however, it is not uncommon for these individuals to experience negative health consequences, or what is often called “burden of care.” Those called to care a...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 10, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Evaluation of Psychometric Properties of the Second Version of the Taqwa (Piety) Questionnaire in Bahasa Melayu
AbstractThe aim of the study is to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Bahasa Melayu version of the Taqwa (piety) questionnaire, used for the measurement of behaviour of Drug Dependency Syndrome (DDS), in Malay patients. A sample of 98 males with a psychiatric diagnosis (DSM-IV-R) as the DDS was randomly selected from Kajang Khafidz Polyclinic Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. After receiving their agreement to attend the study, they completed the Taqwa (piety) questionnaire. The reliability was assessed by determining the Cronbach ’s\( \alpha \) to measure the consistency of related questions for all four dimensions (...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 10, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

“Letting Go”: From Ancient to Modern Perspectives on Relinquishing Personal Control—A Theoretical Perspective on Religion and Coping with Cancer
AbstractThe concept of “letting go” or relinquishing control has a long intellectual history, including the earliest Taoist writings, long-standing religious traditions, modern conceptualizations of religious coping, and current psychological control theory. This paper briefly traces the ancient roots of “letting go ,” with an emphasis on Stoic philosophers, and plants it firmly in current control theory and religious coping research, with a focus on its more modern conceptualization, that of secondary control. Presenting the theoretical perspective, which is grounded in religious conceptions of con...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 6, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Spirituality and Quality of Life of Jordanian Women Diagnosed with Breast Cancer
AbstractThe aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between spirituality and quality of life (QoL) of Jordanian women diagnosed with breast cancer. Descriptive cross-sectional design was conducted using a convenient sample of 150 Jordanian women with breast cancer at King Hussein Cancer Center. Participants completed the Arabic version of the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Spiritual Well-being. A positive linear relationship was found between spirituality and QoL,r = 0.67,p = 0.000. The highest score of correlation was seen between spirituality and the functional domain,r&...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 6, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religious Commitment and its Relation to Happiness among Muslim Students: The Educational Level as Moderator
This study examines the relationship between religiosity and level of happiness in an Islamic context among Muslim students studying at Malaysian universities. The determinants of happiness included in this research are positive attitudes, self-esteem, and other-esteem. Religiosity has long been considered as the main determinant in increasing happiness, and educational level strengthens its relationship. For this purpose, the researchers sampled 230 Muslim students aged 17 –40 years studying at Malaysian universities in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The study found a positive and significant correlation between relig...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 3, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Spiritual and Theological Challenges of Stillbirth for Bereaved Parents
This study reveals the depth of spiritual struggle for parents bereaved following stillbirth with a recommendation that spiritual care is provided as part of comprehensive perinatal bereavement care in the obstetric setting. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 2, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religious and Spiritual Beliefs of Physicians
AbstractThe aim of this study is to describe religious and spiritual beliefs of physicians and examine their influence on the decision to pursue medicine and daily medical practice. An anonymous survey was e-mailed to physicians at a large, multidisciplinary tertiary referral center with satellite clinics. Data were collected from January 2014 through February 2014. There were 2097 respondents (69.1  % men), and number of practicing years ranged from ≤1 to ≥30. Primary care physicians or medical specialists represented 74.1 %, 23.6 % were in surgical specialties, and 2.3 % were psychiatrists. The ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 13, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research