The Provision of Clergy Health Resources by Faith-Based Organizations in the USA
This study highlights potential prior ities for denomination-level FBOs interested in providing health resources for clergy. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 16, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Spiritual Dimensions of Healing Rituals in Ancient Mesopotamia
AbstractThe spell formula called the Marduk –Ea incantation from ancient Mesopotamia is unique in history of medicine due to its documented use of almost 3000 years. The incantation was recited in exorcistic healing rituals. The formal structure of the spell is studied from the point of view of neuroscience of doctor–patient relationship and in the context of the decentring mechanism of religious experiences. The incantation structure is also analysed for decentring phenomenology in dreams. The structure of this incantation enables religious and spiritual experiences to occur both to healer and patient. Th...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 16, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Impact of Religion and Provision of Information on Increasing Knowledge and Changing Attitudes to Organ Donation: An Intervention Study
AbstractOne of the most significant developments in recent history has probably been organ donation and organ transplantation. They are frequently the only treatment available in certain cases. However, there is an ever-increasing discrepancy between the number of people needing transplantation and the organs available, because the decision to donate an organ is up to each individual. The study aims to assess the impact of the intervention on knowledge, attitudes and practices on organ donation among religious immigrants in Sweden. Data were collected through three group interviews using open-ended questions and qualitativ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 13, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Ethnomedicinal Plants Used for the Treatment of Cardiovascular Diseases by Healers in the Southwestern State of Paran á, Brazil, and Their Validation Based on Scientific Pharmacological Data
AbstractCardiovascular diseases are responsible for high morbidity and mortality rates worldwide. Among treatment options, medicinal plants are frequently used, especially in developing countries, such as Brazil. Despite social development that has been observed in the last decades, the use of medicinal plants is still driven by popular knowledge, especially by healers. The present study sought to identify medicinal species that are used for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases by healers in the microregion of Francisco Beltr ão, Paraná, Brazil. The snowball technique was used to select informants, and da...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 11, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Black Caribbean  Emerging Adults: A Systematic Review of Religion and Health
AbstractReligion, a prominent factor among Black diasporic communities, influences their health outcomes. Given the increase in Black  Caribbeans living in the United States, it is important to understand how religion’s function among different ethnic groups of Black Americans. We systematically reviewed four databases and included articles of any study design if they (a) focused on the religious experiences of emerging adult s (18–29 years) identifying as Black Caribbean in the United States, in light of medical, public health, or mental health outcomes, and (b) were published bef...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 10, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Power of Religious Beliefs and Coping with Cancer: Opinions of Iranian Parents
AbstractChildhood cancer as a stressful event has many consequences for both the parents and their children. The aim of the study was to assess the coping strategies used by Iranian parents of children with cancer. The present study was conducted through convenience sampling with the participation of 205 parents with at least one child with cancer referred to the oncology ward, in the southeast of Iran. The Coping Health Inventory for Parents was used to measure parental coping strategies. Results showed that the highest and the lowest mean coping score belonged to the dimensions of social support and medical factors, resp...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 8, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religion/Spirituality and Gender-Differentiated Trajectories of Depressive Symptoms Age 13 –34
This study assessed whether subjective and experiential R/S variables were associated with increased depressive symptom burden from adolescence to young adulthood. Variations by gender were also assessed. Using group-based trajectory modeling with a cohort-sequential design, four distinct symptom trajectories were identified for women and five for men. 27.4% of women and 10.2% of men were classified on peak trajectory groups. Religious attendance was protective for men and women. Prayer was protective for women but linked to risk for men. Born-again and life-changing spiritual experiences, along with belief in supernatural...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 5, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religion and Caregiving for Orphans and Vulnerable Children: A Qualitative Study of Caregivers Across Four Religious Traditions and Five Global Contexts
This study has implications for OVC care, including the importance of engaging religious institutions to support caregivers, the significance of attending to local religious context, and the vital need for research outside of Christi an contexts. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 4, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Be Happy, Be Honest: The Role of Self-Control, Self-Beliefs, and Satisfaction with Life in Honest Behavior
AbstractHonesty seems to be a key value influencing how others perceive us and how we see ourselves. The aim of this study was twofold: to develop a questionnaire measuring honesty and to test whether certain psychological variables —self-control, self-beliefs, and satisfaction with life—correlate with honesty. The participants in the study were 693 individuals. The authors administered the Honesty Scale, the Brief Self-Control Scale, the Social Success Index, the Normalcy Feeling Scale, the Social Comparison Scale, and the Satisfaction with Life Scale. The analysis yielded three factors of the Honesty Scale, n...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 2, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

“Care for the Common Home”: Responses to Pope Francis’s Encyclical Letter
This article aims to build awareness of the growing global crisis in social, economic and environmental terms from different disciplinary approaches. The authors respond to the message of Pope Francis presented in his Encyclical Letter published in 2015. The article provides a short current overview of the discourse and presents three hypotheses anchored in the disciplines of Psychology, Health and Theology for a deeper discussion of Pope Francis ’s viewpoints on the challenges to humankind and how to address them. It thereby contributes to the discourse on health and religion with regard to the Pope’s message ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 2, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Reasons for Abortion: Religion, Religiosity/Spirituality and Attitudes of Male Secondary School Youth in South Africa
This study focused on the relationship between religion, religiosity/spirituality (R/S), and attitudes of a sample of South African male secondary school youth toward women ’s rights to legal abortion in different situations. We distributed 400 self-administered questionnaires assessing the main variables (attitudes toward reasons for abortion and R/S) to the target sample in six different secondary schools in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. The responses of a final sam ple of 327 learners were then analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software. The findings revealed that religion and R/...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - November 9, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Medico-Religious Plants Employed in Mauritius: A Survey Among Hindu Priests
AbstractMauritius is renowned for its rich floral and cultural diversity. The aim of this study was to identify and document medicinal plants exclusively employed in rituals and to promote wellness among the Hindu community. In addition, it also highlights poorly documented plants with respect to their safety, efficacy, and herb –drug interaction inducing potential. The informant group included Hindu priests (n = 14) solely, while the relative frequency of citation (RFC) and use value (UV) were utilised to analyse the data. A total of 33 plants were reported in this survey. Sixteen plants were reported ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - November 9, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spiritual Care Perspective of College Student-Athletes
AbstractSpirituality in healthcare has been researched in multiple healthcare professions; however, very little research has been done in athletic training, and no studies have investigated the athletes ’ perception. The purpose of our online survey study was to determine the perceptions of college student-athletes on spiritual care. Our participants included 268 collegiate student-athletes from both faith-based and non-faith-based institutions. Respondents agree that spirituality may affect trea tment progress, addressing spiritual concerns of the athlete could result in a more positive outcome, and certified athlet...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - November 9, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Association Between Muslim Religiosity and Internet Addiction Among Young Adult College Students
AbstractThe major focus of this research was to investigate the effects of religiosity factor on internet addiction among young adults enrolled at college level. We adopted two instruments to gather the information including OK-religious attitude scale for Muslims developed and used by Ok, Uzeyir, and Internet Addiction Test prepared by Widyanto and McMurran. In total, 800 Muslim college students enrolled in four colleges at graduate level of southern Punjab Pakistan were chosen through multi-phase sampling. The subscales revealed more than .76 Cronbach alpha coefficients. The outcomes expressed positive role in case of DE...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - November 9, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Correction to: The Altered States of Consciousness in Transpersonal Approach Psychotherapy: Systematic Review and Guidelines for Research and Clinical Practice
The Altered States of Consciousness in Transpersonal Approach Psychotherapy: Systematic Review and Guidelines for Research and Clinical Practice. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - November 9, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

“Let Go, Let God”: A Qualitative Study Exploring Cancer Patients’ Spirituality and Its Place in the Medical Setting
This study explored the role of God and spirituality in cancer patients to gain deeper insight into how patients use their spirituality to cope during illness, including how they see the medical team meeting their spiritual needs. From our work, some naturally emerging themes included Finding God in Cancer and Healing, Spiritual Support Desired from Medical Community, Doctor as “Gift from God”?, and Communication and the Power of Talk. Cancer patients not only acknowledged a spiritual need, but a desire for it to be addressed by their medical team as part of their treatment. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - November 7, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Effect of Religious Coping on Hope Level of Cancer Patients Receiving Chemotherapy
AbstractReligious coping and hope are among factors that affect the disease, treatment compliance, psychological health and quality of life of cancer patients. The aim of this study was to determine the level of hope and religious coping styles of cancer patients, and to determine the relationship between religious coping and hope. The study was carried out descriptively and cross-sectionally with 133 patients receiving chemotherapy in an oncology center. In the study, the level of hope and positive religious coping of the patients were high and their level of negative religious coping was low. It was determined that there...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - November 6, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Post-traumatic Stress Disorder and Post-traumatic Growth Among Muslim CPR Survivors
AbstractThe present study was conducted to compare post-traumatic growth (PTG) and post-traumatic stress (PTSD) in CPR survivors in Shia and Sunni. In a cross-sectional study, the results showed that the mean score of PTSD in Sunni (n = 74) was more than that of Shia (n = 89). There was no difference between Shia and Sunni in the mean score of PTG. Regarding the useful role of religion on PTG, the use of religious coping strategies in post-traumatic life-threatening situations can be helpful. It is recommended that further studies be conducted on the cultural, social, and psychological factors a...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - November 6, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Psychosomatic Approach to Job ’s Body and Mind: Based on Somatic Symptom Disorder
AbstractThis essay will indicate how Job ’s body parts and sensibility denote his cognitive dissonance and mental turmoil and will show that irrelevant to the physical suffering of the Adversary (2:7); Job is experiencing a sort of “somatic symptom disorder” which means that persons focus on physical symptoms such as fatigue, fragili ty, and pain according to their particular cognitive schematic in terms of property loss, extreme anxiety, and the absence of God that lead them to chief anguish and agony in their daily lives. The interrelationship between body and mind of Job plays a central role in resisti...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - November 6, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Use of Recorded Poetic Audios to Manage Levels of Anxiety and Sleep Disorders
This study reinforces the benefits of music and literature for improving the quality of life of people by reducing levels of anxiety and sleep disorder symptoms. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - November 5, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Correction to: “A Temple of God”: A Qualitative Analysis of the connection Between Spiritual/Religious Beliefs and Health Among Mormons
The original version of the article was inadvertently published with textual error. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - November 4, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Conversion and Self-Transformation in Christian Monasticism: A Cognitive Perspective
This study draws on research in cognitive psychology and neuroscience on the cognitive underpinnings of self-transformation in order to reconstruct from the literary sources of Near Eastern monasticism the st rategies and training methods that late antique monks employed in order to facilitate and sustain the transformation implicated in conversion. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - November 2, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Using Neurology Sciences to Investigate the Color Component and Its Effect on Promoting the Sense of Spirituality in the Interior Space of the Vakil Mosque of Shiraz (Using Quantitative Electroencephalography Wave Recording)
AbstractThe concept of spirituality is full of various and complex meanings; this word is used as scattered in various fields such as religion, architecture, music, painting, literature and astronomy. Achieving spirituality by recognizing the institutionalized abilities in the existence of mankind who is the prominent creature provides the realization of the mission of the servant in front of the goddess on the highest level. Creating distance of today ’s mosques’ architectural body from this spiritual dimension is of great contemplation and research, because in all global societies, this issue is considered a ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 28, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Influence of Religiosity on Situational Coping Scores in Women with Malformed Fetuses
This study evaluated the influence of religiosity on the situational coping of 28 pregnant women with fetal abnormalities. The study was approved by the institutional research ethics committee, and the informed consent document was obtained from all participants included in this study. Validated measures of religiosity and situational coping were used to evaluate data collected. Practical religiosity but not intrinsic religiosity correlated positively and significantly with coping scores. However, the severity of the fetal malformations did not correlate significantly with the scores of maternal coping. The results showed ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 28, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Correction to: Does Religiosity/Spirituality Play a Role in Function, Pain ‑Related Beliefs, and Coping in Patients with Chronic Pain? A Systematic Review
The original publication of the article contains an error in the co-author name and textual error in Results section. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 25, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Does Childhood Religiosity Delay Death?
This study explores the potential long-term health effects of religiosity in the childhood home. Analyses use retrospective childhood data from the MIDUS survey linked to National Death Index records from 1995 to 2014. Findings from Cox proportional hazard models suggest that children brought up in highly religious households have a higher risk of mortality than those socialized in more moderately religious households, this despite such individuals having better overall health profiles. The surprising link between high childhood religiosity and mortality was confined to those who downgraded their religiosity. Those who int...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 24, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Depression, Anxiety, and the Christian Life: Practical Wisdom from Richard Baxter
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 24, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Medicine Buddha: A Transdual Self-model Meditation to Support Healthcare Practitioners
AbstractThere is increasing awareness of the deleterious effect of the current work demands on a wide range of health professionals and of the benefits of contemplative understandings and practices in modern, secular settings, and healthcare environments. Here, we examine the theory and practice of a traditional Buddhist practice, Medicine Buddha, within a framework oftransduality as a way to illuminate and empower core mechanisms of healing to support healthcare practitioners in both self-care and patient care. By fostering appreciation of innate health and connection to others, this practice can support compassion, inspi...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 23, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Staff Perceptions of Chaplains in a Neurosciences Critical Care Unit
In this study, we used Qualtrics® to survey 70 NCCU healthcare workers about their attitudes toward chaplains in the NCCU. Chaplains were seen positively by staff but were less likely to be viewed as part of the care team by staff with more than five years of NCCU experience. The results of this study will allow chaplaincy programs to target staff education efforts in order to enhance the care provided to patients in critical care settings. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 23, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Caregiver Burden and Spiritual Well-being in Caregivers of Hemodialysis Patients
This study was conducted to examine the relationship between caregiver burden and spiritual well-being in caregivers of hemodialysis patients in Kerman, Iran. This correlational study was conducted on 382 caregivers of hemodialysis patients. Data were collected using the Caregiver Burden Inventory (24 items) and Ellison and Paloutzian 20-Item Spiritual Well-being Questionnaire. Data were analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistics (t test, ANOVA, Spearman correlation, and linear regression analysis) in SPSS 20 software. The findings showed that 45 (11.8%) caregivers had mild, 214 (56%) moderate, and 123 (32.2%) high...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 23, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Spirituality Dimensions and Death Anxiety among Iranian Veterans: Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling Approach
This study found a significant positive relationship between spiritual intelligence and death anxiety after controlling for the effects of age, education level and disability. However, there was a significant n egative relationship between spiritual well-being and death anxiety among Iranian veterans. Negative relationships were found between spiritual well-being and death anxiety among Iranian veterans. However, spiritual intelligence had a positive impact on death anxiety. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 22, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Association of Cyber-Bullying and Adolescents in Religious and Secular Schools in Israel
AbstractInternet usage during leisure time is a growing area of research, especially among adolescents. Our aim was to evaluate the association between Internet usage patterns of religious and secular adolescents, exposure to cyber-bullying, and psychosomatic symptoms in Israel. A cross-sectional study was carried out using questionnaires administered to 7166 students aged 11 –17 (4223 secular; 2943 religious). Cyber-bullying was more common among secular students (11.4%) than religious students (8.4%). Multiple logistic regression predicting cyber-bullying showed significant results for boys, primary school age, Int...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 22, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religion and HIV Risk Among Male Market Vendors in Kazakhstan
This study examines associations between religion and sexual HIV risk among 1342 male migrant and non-migrant market vendors in Kazakhstan. In the multivariate analysis, religious influence was associated with a lower likelihood of having multiple partners. Regular attendance was associated with a lower likelihood of having anal sex with a male partner, but with increased likelihood of having multiple partners. Spending time socially with friends at a mosque or church was associated with lower risk of anal sex with a male partner and lower risk of unprotected sex. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 10, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Spiritual Life and Quality of Life in People with Intellectual Disability and/or Low-Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorders
AbstractSpirituality seems to represent a relevant domain in the person-centred care planning and outcome assessment for persons with intellectual disability and low-functioning autism spectrum disorder. Despite this, the impact of spirituality on subjective well-being and quality of life (QoL) has been scarcely investigated. The aim of the present study was to map the international scientific literature in order to identify the reasons of such misconsideration and the key points for future research and practice implementation. The relationship between spirituality and QoL depends on a complexity of factors, ranging from Q...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 9, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Nurses ’ Attitudes Towards Death and Their Effects on Spirituality and Spiritual Care
This study aimed to determine the effect of nurses ’ attitudes towards death on spirituality and spiritual care. This is a descriptive and correlational study. There was a moderate correlation between the total score on the Spirituality and Spiritual Care Rating Scale and the total and subdimension scores on the Attitude Towards Death Scale. It wa s found that the scores on the subdimensions of objective acceptance, escaping/acceptance and fear of death explained 41.7% of nurses’ perceptions of spirituality and spiritual care. For holistic nursing care, it is very important that nurses are aware of their patien...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 8, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spiritual Orientation, Meaning in Life, Life Satisfaction, and Well-Being in Mothers with Disabled Children
This study was planned in order to investigate the relationship between spiritual orientation with meaning in life, life satisfaction and well-being in mothers with disabled children. The research was carried out with 128 mothers in a private rehabilitation center at eastern Turkey. The Spiritual Orientation Scale (SOS), Meaning in Life Questionnaire  (MLQ), Life Satisfaction Scale (LSS), and Well-Being Index (WBI) were used in the data collection. The mean score of the mothers on the SOS was found to be high (89.34 ± 7.14). It was determined that as the mean scores of mothers on the SOS increased...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 7, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

“A Temple of God”: A Qualitative Analysis of the connection Between Spiritual/Religious Beliefs and Health Among Mormons
AbstractIn the last decades, studies have increasingly shown an association between religious/spiritual beliefs (R/S) and several health outcomes. In this context, Mormons provide an intriguing case for such investigation because Mormonism stands out for its commitment to the “Word of Wisdom” with several restrictions and recommendations. Despite the consolidated wide array of evidence, showing that the relationship between “Word of Wisdom” and health may usually have a protective effect in North-American studies, little is know about this community in other coun tries and, to our knowledge, no heal...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 7, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Assessing Health Needs in African American Churches: A Mixed-Methods Study
This study aimed to assess health needs in African American churches using a mixed-methods approach. Based on quantitative and qualitative data collected from eight African American churches in Nebraska in 2017, the most prevalent chronic conditions among participating African American church members (n = 388) included hypertension (60.8%), allergies (41.0%), arthritis (36.4%), high cholesterol (35.8%), and diabetes (28.1%). Significant predictors of fair or poor health were identified as male sex, unemployment, delayed utilization of health care in the past 12 months due to cost, lower frequ ency of chu...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 7, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Myth of the Stupid Believer: The Negative Religiousness –IQ Nexus is Not on General Intelligence ( g ) and is Likely a Product of the Relations Between IQ and Autism Spectrum Traits
AbstractNumerous studies have found a negative relationship between religiousness and IQ. It is in the region of − 0.2, according to meta-analyses. The reasons for this relationship are, however, unknown. It has been suggested that higher intelligence leads to greater attraction to science, or that it helps to override evolved cognitive dispositions such as for religiousness. Either way, such explanations assume that the religion–IQ nexus is on general intelligence (g), rather than some subset of specialized cognitive abilities. In other words, they assume it is a Jensen effect. Two large datasets compar...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 4, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Untangling Spiritual Contradictions Through the Psychology of Lived Paradox: Integrating Theological Diversity in the Old Testament with Durand ’s Framework on the Imaginary
AbstractThere are many theological themes that appear in the Old Testament in Israel ’s relationship with Yahweh. These themes contain multiple emphases throughout different times in Israel’s history that can richly inform how the contemporary believer is to relate with God. At times though, these varied themes can seem to cross in opposition with one another. Having a framework of theological diversity is helpful in untangling potential theological contradictions that can otherwise threaten to strangle the well-being of the believer trying to live faithfully in light of the whole canon of Scripture. Insights f...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 3, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Feasibility and Acceptability of a Telephone-Based Chaplaincy Intervention to Decrease Parental Spiritual Struggle
This study ’s purpose was to test feasibility, acceptability, and fidelity of an intervention to decrease SS of parents of children with CF. Parents screening positive for SS were enrolled and were randomized to intervention or attention-control condition. Intervention focused on intra-, inter-, and divine S S. Mixed linear modeling examined between-group differences. We present analyses ofN = 23, and participants all showed decreased levels of SS. Acceptability was high; feasibility was higher in the intervention arm. GuideSS_CF is acceptable and feasible and warrants development as a potentially effic...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 3, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Determination of Intercultural Sensitivity Among Nurses
AbstractThis descriptive study was carried out between July 2017 and August 2017 in an Obstetrics/Gynecology and Children Hospital affiliated to Gaziantep provincial directorate of health. The study population consisted of 363 nurses working in the aforementioned Obstetrics/Gynecology and Children Hospital, and the non-probability sampling method was implemented to reach them. Of the nurses included in the study population, 183 who volunteered to participate in the study comprised the sample of the study. The data were collected from the nurses who filled in the data collection forms given by the researchers using the pape...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 2, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

A Narrative Approach to Spirituality and Spiritual Care in Health Care
This article delves into these hermeneutic and existential questions, suggesting that narrative is a comprehensive phenomenon through which spirituality can be described and understood. This leads to a systematic description of spirituality, which is both defined and described herein. This article ends with a reflection on the clinical implications of this model, drawing upon both practical literature and impressions from the author ’s own spiritual care clinical practice. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 2, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Sacred and Stressed: Testing a Model of Clergy Health
AbstractIn many ways, clergy and religious leaders are an ignored, yet high-risk population. A clergy member unable to cope with challenges in his or her own life may be ineffective at helping church members to cope with their stress. In the present study, we developed and tested an operational model of clergy holistic health, including occupational demands, and personal and job-related resources. Data were collected from clergy (N = 418) and analyzed using correlational and regression-based techniques. Results from the present study provide support for thedemands-control-support model (Johnson and Hall in Am...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 2, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Role of Religion and Religiosity in Alcohol Consumption in Adolescents in Spain
This study explored the relationship between religion, religiosity and alcohol consumption in a sample of 2.890 adolescents (ages 12 –18) in Madrid, Spain. Results showed that non-believers were the group that consume and abuse alcohol the most, as opposed to Catholics. Besides, religiosity was related to a lower alcohol use. Therefore, religion and religiosity in Spanish adolescents appear to be related to a low alcohol use. T his contribution may help to clarify the risk and protection factors for alcohol consumption by adolescents and contribute to strengthening the preventive actions. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - September 24, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Does Religiosity Reduce Narcissistic Personality Disorder? Examining the Case of Muslim University Students
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to examine the influences of religiousness on the prevalence of Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) among young adults. Prevalence of three forms of Allportian religious orientation, three forms of quest religious orientation and seven symptoms of NPD were examined through self-reported measures. 618 randomly selected Muslim students from the four public sector Pakistani universities participated in the study. Three research instruments comprising Religious Orientation Scale developed by Gorsuch and McPherson, Quest Scale developed by Batson and Schoenrade and Narcissistic Personal...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - September 24, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spiritual Health: A Concept Analysis
AbstractSpiritual health has attracted a lot of attention in health-related and nursing sciences and numerous researches. Yet, this concept has remained complex and ambiguous, and there is no consensus in this regard. This ambiguity can be challenging for holistic nursing; therefore, clarification of the concept is required for development of nursing knowledge. The present study aimed to explore the concept of spiritual health in health-related and nursing literature. Walker and Avant (Strategies for theory construction in nursing, Appleton& Lange, Norwalk,1995) concept analysis method was used in this study. The resul...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - September 24, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

“Not in My House”: Perspectives on HIV/AIDS of Afro-Caribbean Adolescents Living in South Florida
AbstractFlorida has the highest number of PLWH in the USA, with the highest incidence being among young African-Americans. The purpose of this qualitative inquiry was to gain an understanding of the knowledge and attitudes to HIV/AIDS among Afro-Caribbean adolescents. Using a faith-based community, we conducted four focus group sessions with 40 Afro-Caribbean teens. Descriptive content and thematic analyses were used to examine the data. Themes identified include awareness gap, temptation everywhere, testing anxiety and stigma. Recommendations include continued exploration and interventions to address stigma in faith-based...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - September 24, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religiously/Spiritually Involved, but in Doubt or Disbelief —Why? Healthy?
AbstractThe question of why atheists and agnostic theists attend religious services and pray (and what that might mean for their health) is examined through (1) a thematic analysis of commentaries, perspective pieces, and news articles from the popular literature, and (2) a critical review of scholarly research involving comparisons between religious and nonreligious individuals on a variety of health-related outcomes. Findings suggest that atheists and agnostic theists can take pleasure in attending religious services, and they may be driven to pray at times. In many cases, this was explained by their efforts to stay conn...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - September 24, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Cross-Cultural Differences in the Influences of Spiritual and Religious Tendencies on Beliefs in Genetic Determinism and Family Health History Communication: A Teleological Approach
AbstractAdopting a teleological approach, this study investigates how beliefs in genetic determinism, intentional spirituality, and religious tendencies are associated with family health history (FHH) communication among European American, Chinese, and Korean college students. The results indicate that intentional spirituality was negatively associated with beliefs in genetic determinism and FHH communication, while beliefs in genetic determinism were positively associated with FHH communication. Intrinsic and extrinsic religiosity and paranormal beliefs showed interesting dynamics with beliefs in genetic determinism and F...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - September 24, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research