Islam and Motivation to Quit Smoking: Public Health Policy Implications
AbstractIn the WHO Eastern Mediterranean Regional Office some 14  years ago, a ‘religiously inspired approach’ was proposed to combat tobacco use. This promoted a useful debate in the region. The purpose of this paper is to argue the need to identify the role which Islamic beliefs and teachings play (1) in influencing individual motivation to quit smoking an d (2) in gaining support for public policies to reduce smoking. Ramadan andHajj are taken as key points. These, it is argued, are times when Muslim religious motivation to abstain from smoking is strongest. This paper concludes that there is an insuffi...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 12, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Health Promotion Needs in Faith-Based Organizations: Perceptions of Religious Leaders in Bamako
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to explore imams ’ and pastors’ perspectives of the health promotion needs of congregants in Bamako, Mali and to examine the physical environment for health promotion in faith-based organizations’ (FBOs). In-depth one-on-one interviews were conducted with imams (n = 10) and pastors (n = 2) as well as observations of the physical environment in FBOs in Bamako, Mali. Data were analyzed using a content analysis approach guided by the social ecological model. Leaders frequently mentioned poverty and affordability as challenges perceived by cong...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 12, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Opinions and Expectations of Muslim Donors ’ Relatives Deciding Organ Donation: The Sample of Istanbul
AbstractThe low rate of consent by relatives of potential donors especially in Muslim majority countries is one of the basic limiting factors of the success of organ transplantation. Therefore, this study aimed to explore opinions and expectations of relatives after donating their beloved ones ’ organs on a Muslim sample in Istanbul Region. Descriptive method was used. Data were collected from 82 of 95 Muslim donor relatives who agreed to participate in the study between the March and July 2014 via telephone calls. It was found that most of the relatives had donated the organs of their relatives for “keeping al...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 9, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Self-Care in Iranian Cancer Patients: The Role of Religious Coping
This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between religious coping and self-care in a sample of Iranian cancer patients. In this cross-sectional study (October –December, 2015), 380 cancer patients were entered into the study using non random sampling (accessible sampling). Data were collected using socio-demographic, religious coping (R-COPE), and self-care questionnaires. Male patients (48.39 ± 13.39; 95% CI 46.41–50.38) were older than the fema les patients (45.33 ± 18.44; 95% CI 42.79–47.87). The findings indicated that there was a significant c...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 7, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Training Community Clergy in Serious Illness: Balancing Faith and Medicine
The objective of this study was used to identify best practices in an EOL training program for community clergy. As part of the National Clergy Project on End-of-Life Care, the project conducted key informant interviews and focus groups with active clergy in five US states (California, Illinois, Massachusetts, New York, and Texas). A diverse purposive sample of 35 active clergy representing pre-identified racial, educational, theological, and denominational categories hypothesized to be associated with more intensive utilization of medical care at the EOL. We assessed suggested curriculum structure and content for clergy E...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 6, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Influence of Physicians ’ Beliefs on Propensity to Include Religion/Spirituality in Patient Interactions
This study examines physicians ’ beliefs, their perceptions of whether religion impacts health outcomes, and their propensity to discuss religion/spirituality with patients. It is not uncommon for patients to want religious/spiritual conversations, but the occurrence is infrequent. This study adds to knowledge regarding which p hysicians include these topics. Using a nationally representative sample of physicians and a mediated bi-factor structural equation model, the author finds that “religious and spiritual” physicians connect religion and patient health more than other religious/spiritual orientations...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 6, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religion, Culture and Meaning-Making Coping: A Study Among Cancer Patients in Turkey
AbstractThe present paper looks at the influence of culture on Turkish cancer patients ’ use of meaning-making coping, paying particular attention to religious, spiritual, and existential coping methods. Data were collected using an interview study (n = 25, 18 women, age range 20–71). Individuals were recruited at an oncology center and a psychiatry clinic in Istanbul. The main focus of the study has been on existential meaning-making coping, which is characterized by finding power inside oneself, altruism, family love, a search for meanin g by contemplating philosophical issues, and having a posi...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religiosity and Coping: Racial Stigma and Psychological Well-Being among African American Girls
This study examined how having a relationship with God served as a protective factor between racial stigma beliefs and psychological well-being. A church sample of African American adolescent girls (N  =  117,Mage=  15) completed measures on racial stigma, psychological well-being, and reports on having a relationship with God. After controlling for adolescent age, family income, and church attendance, positive racial beliefs and having a relationship with God were associated with a healthier psychological w ell-being. Findings also revealed that having a relationship with God and internalizing healthi...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 2, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Relationship of Spirituality Development and Addiction Potential Among Students of Qom University of Medical Sciences
AbstractDrug abuse is one of the problems of the world which due to the specific characteristics of individual, social and personality causes irreparable difficult. The aim of this study was the investigation of the relationship between the spirituality development and addiction potential among students of Qom University of Medical Sciences, Iran. This cross-sectional study was performed in Qom University of Medical Sciences, Iran, from February 2015 to July 2016 which accommodates 250 subjects that were selected through systematic random sampling. Data collection tools were demographic, spiritual attitude and addiction po...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 1, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religious Affiliation Influences on the Health Status and Behaviours of Students Attending Seventh-Day Adventist Schools in Australia
AbstractStudents attending Seventh-day Adventist (Adventist) schools in Australia have been shown to have better health status and behaviours compared to secular norms, yet these schools cater for a high percentage of non-Adventist students. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of religious affiliation (Adventist/non-Adventist) on the health status and behaviours of students attending Adventist secondary schools in Australia. The sample included 1734 students who responded to a health and lifestyle survey that captured demographic details, self-reported height and weight, self-reported health status, ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 17, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spiritist Hospital Chaplaincy in Brazil: 5  Years of Documented Experience
This article describes the importance of historical interconnections from the advent of spiritism in the world and its introduction in Brazil to the emergence of Spiritist Hospital Chaplaincy in our country and presents the documented experience over 5 years of spiritist chaplain care, in the period from 2012 to 2016, guided by the SMA of Piracicaba at the Unimed Hospital of Piraci caba (São Paulo). We documented 41,914 visits to 13,983 inpatients and an analysis of these records allowed us to reflect on the importance of this service and confirm its expansion and acceptance by different contemporary religious ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 17, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Considering Weight Loss Programs and Public Health Partnerships in American Evangelical Protestant Churches
AbstractThe obesity epidemic is a critical public health threat facing the USA. With the advent of American Evangelical Protestant (AEP) weight loss guides and narratives, AEP churches could potentially aid public health agencies in combatting obesity, and some scholars have called for investment in partnerships between public health agencies and religious institutions. This paper examines the theological and social underpinnings of AEP weight loss programs and considers the potential benefits and risks of public health partnerships with AEP churches to combat obesity. While AEP churches may be successful at empowering peo...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 17, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spiritual Openness, Revisiting a Potentially Important Aspect of Spirituality: Scale Review and Revision
AbstractReligiousness and spirituality (R/S) exert important influences on individuals across a range of domains. Spiritual Openness is theoretically linked with the personality trait of Openness to Experience, suggesting promise for future research. Using responses from 366 undergraduates on the Spiritual Experience Index-Revised (SEI-R: subscales of Spiritual Openness and Spiritual Support), analyses evaluated and revised the SEI-R, deleting poor items and generating a 10-item measure. The new SEI-S exhibits better psychometric properties and reduced participant burden, and subscales displayed a curvilinear relationship ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 17, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Exploring Relationship Between Spiritual Intelligence, Religiosity and Life Satisfaction Among Elderly Pakistani Muslims
This study is an effort to explore the relationship between spiritual intelligence, religiosity and life satisfaction in elderly Pakistani Muslims. A non-probability purposive sampling technique is utilized in order to recruit a sample of 100 elderly people (n = 50 men;n = 50 = women). Standardized questionnaires were used for collecting data. Data analysis was carried out using Pearson product–moment correlation analysis and independent samplet test. Findings revealed a significant correlation between spiritual intelligence, religiosity and life satisfaction among Pakistani elderly Musl...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 17, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religiosity, Gender, and Natural Disasters: A Qualitative Study of Disaster-Stricken Regions in Iran
AbstractWhile religiosity is emerging as one of the more important subjects in disaster management, identifying gender differences in using religion as a coping method has attracted very little attention. The aim of this study was to explore the effects of religiosity on disaster-affected women and men in the setting of Iran. A field-based investigation using a qualitative approach was carried out to achieve the study ’s purpose. Data were collected using in-depth unstructured interviews with 25 participants who had been damaged by recent disasters. Two themes, negative and positive effects of religiosity, and five c...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 17, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spirituality/Religiosity (SpR), Leisure-Time Physical Activity, and Sedentary Behaviour in Students at a Catholic University
This study explores whether SpR is linked to physical activity whilst young, which in turn is linked to long-term cardiovascular health. Students at a Catholic University in Australia completed a survey combining the SpREUK-P SF 17 SpR questionnaire with elements of the long-form 7-day recall International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Respondents who scored highly in the unconventional spiritual practices components of SpREUK-P engaged in moderate intensity physical activity more frequently. This finding may have implications for health promotion. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 17, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

A forgotten freudian: the passion of karl stern
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 17, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Understanding Mind/Body Medicine from Muslim Religious Practices of Salat and Dhikr
AbstractThere has been an increasing medical interest in Muslim religious practices in promoting well-being. Central to Muslim religious practices aresalat (prayer) anddhikr (chanting). These two religious forms may be argued as comprising elements of mind/body medicine due to their positive effect on the psychoneuroimmunological response. The aim of this article was to further understand the mind/body aspects of Muslimsalat anddhikr. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 17, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religious Practice and Health-Related Quality of Life in Iranian Adolescent Girls
This study aimed to determine the relationship between religious practice and health-related quality of life in adolescent girls in Tabriz, Iran, 2014 –2015. This cross-sectional study was conducted on 520 female students who were selected using the random sampling method. Religious practice and health-related quality of life questionnaires were used for data collection. Multivariate linear regression analysis showed a significant relationship b etween health-related quality of life and received religious support, religiosity, father’s and mother’s education, father’s occupation, family economic sta...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 17, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Review of Ordering Don ’t Resuscitate in Iranian Dying Patients
Abstract Making decision on not to resuscitate is a confusing, conflicting and complex issue and depends on each country ’s culture and customs. Therefore, each country needs to take action in accordance with its cultural, ethical, religious and legal contexts to develop guidelines in this regard. Since the majority of Iran’s people are Muslims, and in Islam, the human life is considered sacred, based on the value s of the community, an Iranian Islamic agenda needs to be developed not taking measures about resuscitation of dying patients. It is necessary to develop an Iranian Islamic guidelines package in order...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 17, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Correction to: Burst Out of the Dead Land by the Help of Spirituality: A Case Study of Living with Blindness and Cancer
AbstractIn the original version of this article, there is a typo in the family name of the author. The co-author family name should be Seyed Bagheri; instead, it has been published as Seyed bagheri. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 17, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spirituality Experiences in Hemophilia Patients: A Phenomenological Study
This study aimed to explore the essence of spirituality in hemophilia patients. This qualitative study with a hermeneutic phenomenological approach was conducted on twelve Muslim adult hemophilia patients. The participants were selected using purposeful sampling. The data were gathered through interview. Then, the data were analyzed using thematic analysis and van Manen ’s methodological framework. MAX.QDA qualitative software package 2010 was used to import the transcripts and analyze the data. Four themes were identified: “relationship with God,” “God as the fulcrum,” “strong religious...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 17, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Response to “Masturbation: Scientific Evidence and Islam’s View”
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 13, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Repetition Compulsion Revisited in Relational Family Therapy: The Discovery of Old in Order to Develop Something New
AbstractPsychoanalysis has always been full of diversity and controversy, in the theoretical field and especially in the plasticity and variety of its modalities and approaches. Yet all these theories are based on the premise that individuals compulsively repeat their old psycho-organic content, both in their personal lives and in analysis; the premise of Relational Family Therapy is that old emotional, behavioral and bodily complications must first be repeated before being fully processed so that something new can be created. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 7, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spirituality in African-American Breast Cancer Patients: Implications for Clinical and Psychosocial Care
AbstractSpirituality has been shown to be important to many individuals dealing with a cancer diagnosis. While African-American breast cancer survivors have been reported to have higher levels of spirituality compared to White women, little is known about how levels of spirituality may vary among African-American breast cancer survivors. The aims of this study were to examine factors associated with spirituality among African-American survivors and test whether spirituality levels were associated with women ’s attitudes about treatment or health care. The primary outcome, spirituality, was nine-item scale (Cronbach&r...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 7, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religious Fundamentalism, Satisfaction with Life and Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms Intensity in a Polish Sample of People Living with HIV/AIDS
AbstractWe investigated the relationship between religious fundamentalism, satisfaction with life and the intensity of posttraumatic stress symptoms in people living with HIV/AIDS. The study was conducted on 283 adults, including 242 HIV-positive patients and 41 individuals with AIDS, aged from 20 to 74. Religious fundamentalism was positively correlated with age and posttraumatic stress symptoms intensity. Negative correlation between satisfaction with life and posttraumatic stress intensity was also found. Religious fundamentalism and satisfaction with life accounted for 34% of the variance in posttraumatic stress sympto...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 7, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Roman Catholic Priests as Referral Sources and Treatment Aides for Hispanics with Substance Misuse/Abuse Problems
AbstractThis self-administered mail survey study, conducted along the USA –Mexico border, examines Roman Catholic Priests’ involvement in aiding Hispanic individuals with substance abuse problems. The Priests were found to be highly involved or willing to be involved in: (1) participating injuramentos (pledge usually to Virgin of Guadalupe, with Priest as witness, to temporarily abstain from substance use), (2) providing referrals, and (3) working with family and/or treatment resources in the community in order to help the person seeking their help. Fluency in Spanish, regardless of Hispanic ethnicity, was foun...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 15, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Confirming the Tripartite Structure of the Duke University Religion Index: A Methodological Approach
This study concluded that the DUREL is a multidimensional measurement of religion for use in English-speaking university students, and it provided a broad methodological note regarding future investigations of measures of religion or spirituality that possess an existing theoretical model. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 15, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Explorations in the Aesthetic Pastoral Theology of Donald E. Capps
AbstractThis paper will examine the curative effects of art and the reorienting perspective of poetry in the aesthetic pastoral theology of Donald E. Capps by exploring two key volumes,The Poet ’s Gift andAt Home in the World. The paper identifies some of the key contributions of Capps ’s exploration of art and poetry including the recovery of perception, the advancement of reframing perspective, the notion of embodied pastoral conversation and the roots of religious sensibility. The therapeutic effect of the imaginative aesthetic pastoral theology in these two volumes is furthe r developed by integrating three...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 15, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

From “The Depleted Self” to “The Will to Believe”: Excavating the Hermeneutics of Donald Capps
This article focuses on the legacy of Johann Gottfried von Herder, Friedrich Schleiermacher, William James and Paul Ricoeur. It explores the differences and commonalities between William James and Friedrich Schleiermacher’s understanding of religious experience as well as Paul Ricoeur’s understanding of narrativity and traces these strains to Capps’ pastoral psychology. As illustration of his pastoral approach to healing and wholeness the problem of “the depleted self,” so prevalent in “our narcissistic age,” encounters the healing narrative of Jesus that appeals to “the will...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 15, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Son ’s Fault: Martin Luther King, Jr.’s Search for and Recovery of Sonship
This article examines the role of sonship in the psychological and spiritual development of men. In using the methodology of psychobiography, I explore the life history of Martin Luther King, Jr. to analyze his search for and recovery of sonship. I propose that sonship helps men rebel against and, in the end, overcome the feelings of inadequacy that are experienced in their struggles to achieve manhood, particularly within the father –son dyad. The scholarship of pastoral theologian Donald Capps is instructive in this regard, in that he suggests that sons should be allowed to search for a male figure, a father-substi...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 15, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Humor as Wisdom for Reframing Life
This article views humor as a characteristic disposition of older adults —their humor signifying a sense of integrity and wisdom that often accompanies the aging process. Humor binds together feelings of despair and joy and contributes to a faithful reframing of faith and life. This article proposes that individuals acquire humor by perceiving the world as if on a jour ney to an exotic new place, seeing with new eyes even the most mundane of everyday objects and events. This capacity to perceive beauty in the ordinary world reflects a wisdom of older adults potentially available even to the young. (Source: Journal of...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 15, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

A Closer Look at Transcendence and Its Relationship to Mental Health
AbstractExperiences of transcendence can promote growth, creativity and altruism, but often exist in tension with critical thought and can feature problematically in certain mental disorders. Identification of the core elements in the experience of transcendence-suspending disbelief, being moved or inspired, surrendering oneself and identifying within a larger context, can clarify its relationship to psychopathology, and the basis for a clinician ’s role. To help individuals engage transcendent resources well, clinicians can help patients recognize how depression and trauma may interfere with engagement, masochistic ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 15, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Jesus the Healer: A Sermon in Honor of the Memory of Donald Eric Capps (1939 –2015)
Abstract The article below is a sermon preached in 2008. It was inspired by Donald Capps ’s book,Jesus the Village Psychiatrist. I offer this sermon in honor of his memory as a creative contributor to the work of the Journal as well as his distinguished career as Professor of Pastoral Theology at Princeton Theological Seminary. Many of us have been blessed by his profound psychological and theological insights into the human psyche, his scholarly explorations of the relationship of psychology and religion, and his remarkable sense of humor. We are diminished by his absence. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 15, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Perception of Spirituality and Spiritual Care among Muslim Nurses in Indonesia
Abstract This cross-sectional study was conducted to examine 256 Muslim nurses ’ perception of spirituality and spiritual care in Indonesia. The Spirituality and Spiritual Care Rating Scale (SSCRS) was translated and culturally adapted. Moderately high degrees in five domains and total SSCRS were found. Specialty, education level, clinical seniority, having spiritual trainin g, and previous spiritual caring experience could impact on the SSCRS. Most nurses have cared for patients with spiritual needs, but denied having any formal training in providing spiritual care. Providing adequate curriculum and on-job training ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 15, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Erratum to: Jesus the Healer: A Sermon in Honor of the Memory of Donald Eric Capps (1939 –2015)
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 15, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spirituality and Post-Stroke Aphasia Recovery
AbstractThe role of spirituality in post-stroke aphasia recovery has been ignored despite its potential contribution to positive health outcomes, particularly stroke recovery. The present study examines the spiritual experience of adults with aphasia in an effort to better understand the role of one ’s spirituality in the aphasia recovery process. Thirteen adults with aphasia completed a modified spirituality questionnaire and participated in semi-structured interviews. All participants considered themselves spiritual and reported improvements in communication during post-stroke recovery. Two themes related to spirit...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 15, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spiritual Growth or Decline and Meaning-Making as Mediators of Anxiety and Satisfaction with Life During Religious Struggle
AbstractA number of studies have demonstrated links between spiritual struggles and health problems. As yet, however, only a few studies have investigated what makes religious struggle a source of mental problems or a source of well-being. We determined whether spiritual growth, spiritual decline, and meaning-making mediated the relationship between religious struggle and anxiety and satisfaction with life. Of the 180 respondents, 92 were women, and mean (SD) age was 24 (8.2) years. Each respondent completed the Religious and Spiritual Struggles Scale, the Meaning-Making Scale, the Spiritual Transformation Scale, the State...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 14, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Effect of Hajj Pilgrimage on Treatment Compliance in Individuals with Chronic Diseases
This study was performed in order to determine the effect of Hajj pilgrimage on treatment compliance in individuals with chronic diseases. A total of 168 individuals were included in the prospective and descriptive study. Data were collected in three interviews using a patient identification form and the Religiousness Inclination Scale. When the medicine compliances of the individuals before and after Hajj pilgrimage were compared, a statistically meaningful difference between their regular uses of medicine statuses was found (p = 0.011). However, no difference was detected in the 3-month follow-up (p ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 14, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Complimentary Care: When Our Patients Request to Pray
AbstractPrayer is viewed in modern medicine as a complimentary alternative treatment. However, to many patients, it is a source of hope and comfort. Patients, when facing illness, advanced disease, disability or death, can benefit from prayer. For healthcare providers, comfort with praying with patients can be deemed as unprofessional conduct or blurred therapeutic boundaries, particularly, when prayer is offered to patients ’ unsolicited by the patient or their family member(s). Therefore, it is imperative that healthcare providers await the request of prayer by the patient before prayer is initiated. (Source: Journ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 14, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spiritual Fitness for Military Veterans: A Curriculum Review and Impact Evaluation Using the Duke Religion Index (DUREL)
AbstractSuicide rates among military veterans exceed those found in the general population. While the exact reasons for these high rates are unknown, contributing factors may include the military ’s perceived rejection of patient identities, creating barriers to mental health care within the clinical sector and a mandate for prevention programs. Spiritual fitness has emerged over the last decade as an important concept in human performance optimization and is included among holistic approa ches to developing and maintaining mentally fit fighting forces. In attempts to better understand the role that spiritual fitness...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 13, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Mental Footnotes. Knowledge Constructivism From Logical Thinking and Personal Beliefs to Social Rationality and Spiritual Freedom
AbstractCognition is an efficient but limited system that deals with mundane tasks. Daily life demands the system to save energy in order to be able to solve other more relevant tasks. Reasoning out every single problem would immeasurably increase our mental load and fatigue. Our minds avoid this waste of resources by taking shortcuts when reasoning. Outputs from previous episodes of reasoning turn into pieces of implicit information. These outputs go on to constitute the meanings that we give to things or circumstances, which in turn become the general framework where other reasonings occur. These implicit meanings determ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 10, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Personal Transformation Process of Mental Health Relief Workers in Sichuan Earthquake
AbstractAfter Sichuan earthquake, a few dedicated teams of psychological volunteers have been committed to helping the survivors of the disaster for a long period. Their personal transformation experiences were absent in the literatures. The purpose of this qualitative research was to adopt a qualitative research to examine individuals ’ lived experiences of personal transformation after long-term disaster mental health services. The study interviewed 10 psychological counselors, 3 psychiatric nurses, 4 psychiatrist, and 6 social workers. We built an explorative model to understand disaster relief workers personal tr...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 10, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Helping Carers Care: An Exploratory Study of Factors Impacting Informal Family Carers and Their Use of Aged Care Services
AbstractThis exploratory study considered the role of informal carers and their decision-making regarding various aged care services that supposedly support their ageing relatives. Consideration was given to the stressors and overall well-being of informal carers and the support services they did or did not receive during their time of caregiving. A questionnaire was utilised to gain exploratory quantitative and qualitative data plus basic demographic information from informal carers who connected with a single caregiver association based in Victoria, Australia. Several themes emerged from the analysis of data regarding ca...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 9, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Psychometric Evaluation of the Turkish Form of the Spiritual Care Competence Scale
AbstractThe methodological study was aimed to assess the psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the Spiritual Care Competence Scale (SCCS-T). The research was conducted on final-year Turkish nursing students (n = 297) in the faculties of nursing and health science in two cities in the western part of Turkey. Exploratory factor analysis revealed that three factors accounted for 75.18% of the explained variance. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficient for the SCCS-T was .97. The three-factor model of the SCC S-T was found to be a reliable and valid scale for evaluating spiritual care competencies of T...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 9, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Body Language in Relational Family Therapy
AbstractThe mechanism of projective and introjective identification has been re-evaluated in modern analysis. It is no longer just about the transference of mental content to an other, rather it addresses also the deepest psycho-organic sensations and vibrations, which in turn become the basis for interpersonal and family dialogues. The goal of this article is also to lay out the fundamental dynamics of body language as understood by the relational family paradigm. It is a novel analytical perspective on the individual, who is always part of any relational family configuration. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 8, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

On the Couch: A Repressed History of the Analytic Couch from Plato to Freud
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 7, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

What Can Be Learned from Health-Related Tensions and Disparities in Ultra-Orthodox Jewish Families?
This study aims to reveal key cultural-religious aspects of attitudes and behaviors regarding lifestyle in one such closed community —the ultra-orthodox Jewish community. In-depth interviews were conducted with 20 participants: religious leaders, educational figures, psycho-medical professionals from two major ultra-orthodox communities in Israel. A thematic analysis was used to reveal key themes in the interviews. We found ten sions between conflicting themes in the parenting, nutrition and physical activity domains, while the sleep domain illustrated cultural solution for a tension. By illuminating the perceptional...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 6, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Education Moderates the Relationship Between Spirituality with Quality of Life and Stress Among Malay Muslim Women with Breast Cancer
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between spirituality with quality of life and stress of Malay Muslim breast cancer patients in Malaysia. In addition, the moderating role of education on this relationship was examined. Participants consisted of 145 conveniently selected Malay breast cancer patients. The results indicated that the more spiritual respondents reported a higher level of quality of life and lower level of stress. Moreover, education weakened the relationship between spirituality with quality of life and stress. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 6, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

An Investigation of Islamic Well-Being and Mental Health
In this study, four sub-studies were performed to create the one-factor Islamic Well-Being Scale, perform a confirmatory factor analysis and validate the Islamic Well-Being Scale, differentially predict ill-being and well-being outcomes using the Islamic Well-Being Scale, and compare individuals with different Islamic belief levels using the Islamic Well-Being Scale. In total, 170 adults, 209 adults, 216 theological faculty students and 152 undergraduate educational faculty students participated in each sub-study. Several scales related to well-being and ill-being were used in this study. The Islamic Well-Being Scale was f...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 2, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research