COVID-19, Moral Injury and the Bhagvad Gita
AbstractDuring life challenging times like the present COVID-19 pandemic, the health care worker (HCW) is faced with a number of questions of an existential nature. There is a sense of guilt, anguish, helplessness, uncertainty and powerlessness when one is fighting something on such a powerful scale with limited resources and no definite end in sight. There are circumstances when these feelings can overwhelm a person leading to demoralization and potentially a moral injury. Spiritual practices and advice may help to deal with moral paradoxes and ethical dilemmas when other secular supports are undermined or inaccessible. T...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 26, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Pastoral Care in Aged Care Settings: Role and Challenges
AbstractThis mixed methods study explored challenges faced by pastoral care workers. A development phase preceded an on-line survey completed by chaplains and pastoral practitioners (n = 40) employed by a major Australian aged care provider. The survey covered the purpose of pastoral care, key tasks and resources, current and future challenges, and participants’ responses to challenges. The biggest issue was heavy demand on participants’ time, due to insufficient staff an d demanding organisational procedures. A commonly mentioned challenge with future implications was increasing resident acuity. ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 25, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Impact of US Nurses ’ Personal Religious and Spiritual Beliefs on Their Mental Well-Being and Burnout: A Path Analysis
This study addresses the gap in the literature regarding the impact of nurses ’ personal religious and spiritual beliefs on their mental well-being and burnout. A model of the association between these factors was tested based on surveys of 207 nurses located in southeastern USA and analyzed to determine the association between religion/spirituality, mental well-being, and burnout. A path analysis supported a model in which, through its positive impact on mental well-being, religion/spirituality was negatively associated with emotional exhaustion and depersonalization and positively associated with personal acco...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 25, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Exploring the Meaning of Spirituality and Spiritual Care in Chinese Contexts: A Scoping Review
AbstractSpirituality is recognised as a fundamental aspect of health and nursing care. Yet, there are few studies exploring how this concept may be understood outside of Western culture. This scoping review seeks to address this omission by focusing specifically on research conducted with Chinese populations. This is important because people from Chinese backgrounds (PBC) are now residing all over the world, and their spirituality and spiritual needs should be considered when providing healthcare. Adopting a purely generalist understanding and application of spirituality may not capture the cultural difference that exists ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 23, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Valuing the Spiritual
AbstractIdentifying reforms that minimize US healthcare costs is imperative. This commentary explores one intervention with potential cost-saving implications that has received comparably minimal consideration: spiritual care provision. It highlights the staff and patient costing benefits of spiritual care in addressing spiritual distress and urges practical policy and research initiatives to maximize its impact. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 21, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Impact of COVID-19 on Pilgrimages and Religious Tourism in Europe During the First Six Months of the Pandemic
This study presents the results of the examination of the influence of the SARS-Cov-2 coronavirus pandemic on religious tourism and pilgrimages to selected Catholic pilgrimage sites in Europe during the first six months of the COVID-19 pandemic (March –September 2020). Field research conducted in shrines and on several pilgrimage routes involved interviews with shrine custodians and staff as well as pilgrims. Data regarding tourism and pilgrimage movement were also gathered. Research results have shown that the tourism and pilgrimage movement t o the analysed shrines decreased by 90–95% during the first six mon...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 21, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

COVID-19, Religious Coping, and Weight Change in the Orthodox Jewish Community
We examined this relationship among Orthodox Jews (n = 731). Results indicated that stress was marginally associated with weight gain, and that this was moderated by intrinsic religiosity (IR). For those with low IR, stress correlated with weight gain, while for those with mean or higher IR, stress and weight change were unrelated. Results suggest that for some, religiosity may moderate links between stress and weight gain during times of crisis. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 21, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Suicide Across Buddhism, American Indian –Alaskan Native, and African Traditional Religions, Atheism and Agnosticism: An Updated Systematic Review
AbstractReligion can exert a powerful influence on human behavior, including suicide. Research has demonstrated that religiosity can potentially serve as a protective factor against suicidal behavior, but may also, at times, serve as a risk factor. In clinical practice with individuals managing suicidality, a clear understanding of the influence of religion on suicidality is required to effectively assess for risk of suicide. In the 10 years since the article, ‘Religion and suicide: Buddhism, American Indian/Alaskan Native (AIAN) and African religions, Atheism, and Agnosticism’ (Lizardi and Gearing, J Relig Hea...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 18, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Correction to: Grieving the Living: The Social Death of Former Jehovah ’s Witnesses
In the original publication of the article, the author noticed an error in abstract section. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 18, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Fishing in a Puddle of Doubt and Disbelief?: A Rejoinder to the Speed et al. Commentary
AbstractIn the article “Religiously/Spiritually Involved, but in Doubt or Disbelief—Why? Healthy?”, Mrdjenovich (in J Relig Health https://doi.org/10.1007/s10943-018-0711-2,2018) explored the practices of religious attendance and prayer among atheists and agnostic theists. Speed et al. (in J Relig Healthhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s10943-020-01109-1,2020) offered a commentary regarding Mrdjenovich ’s (2018) article with attention to moderators of associations between religious/spiritual constructs and health outcomes. In this rejoinder, I review Speed et al.’s (2020) commentary and I identify...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 16, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Determination of Factors Affecting Self-Transcendence and Meaning in Life Among the Elderly Receiving Institutional Care
This study was conducted in order to determine factors that influence self-transcendence and meaning in life in the elderly receiving institutional care. This descriptive and analytic study was conducted on 72 elderly individuals living in a  nursing home in Turkey. Data were collected with the Barthel Index of Activities of Daily Living (ADL), the Lawton&Brody Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL), the Meaning in Life Questionnaire (MLQ) and the Self-Transcendence Scale (STS). The mean score of STS is 48.17  ± 6.67 at the intermediate level, and the mean scores of presence and s...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 15, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Sexual Compulsivity, Emotional and Spiritual Distress of Religious and Non-religious Internet Pornography Users
This study sought to examine the relationship between the sexual compulsivity, emotional and spiritual distress of religious and non-religious adults who sought assessment for pornography addiction on the Internet. Religious (n = 350) and non-religious (n = 114) data were analyzed separately with a one-way between-subjects multivariate analysis of variance. The Kalichman Sexual Compulsivity Scale was used to divide the religious and non-religious into three groups: non-sexually compulsive (NCs); moderately sexually compulsive and sexually compul sive (SCs). All of the dependent variables, except...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 13, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Associations Between Religious/Spiritual Coping and Depression Among Adults with Cystic Fibrosis: A 12-Month Longitudinal Study
AbstractIndividuals with cystic fibrosis (CF) face a challenging disease, and depression is a significant concern. Many patients draw on religious/spiritual resources to assist them in managing the demands of chronic illness; however, these coping efforts rarely have been evaluated among adults with CF. This longitudinal study examined relationships between distinct types of positive and negative religious/spiritual coping at baseline (assessed with the RCOPE) and depression screening outcomes 12  month later (assessed with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale). In logistic regression analyses controlling for dis...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 11, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spiritual Care of Inpatients Focusing on Outcomes and the Role of Chaplaincy Services: A Systematic Review
ConclusionAttention to the spiritual needs of hospitalized patients is an essential yet often overlooked aspect of patient care. Chaplains serve as spiritual care specialists whose services can enhance the hospital experience, improve patient satisfaction and help to bridge potential gaps between the patient and medical providers. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 11, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Correction to: Psychometric Properties of the Persian Version of Spiritual Well-Being Scale in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction
In the original article, the authors have translated the Spiritual Well-being Scale [Paloutzian, R. F.,& Ellison, C. W. (1982). Loneliness, spiritual well-being and quality of life. In L. A. Peplau& D. Perlman (Eds.), Loneliess: A sourcebook of current theory, research and therapy (pp. 224 –237). (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 11, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Factors Associated with Support for Adolescent Access to Contraception Among Mexican Catholic Parents
AbstractWe used a nationally representative survey of 2186 Mexican Catholic parents to assess two outcomes: support for adolescent access to modern contraception and whether adolescents unaccompanied by an adult should have access to contraceptive methods. A majority (85%) of Mexican Catholic parents support adolescent access to modern contraceptive methods, but there was less support (28%) for access to contraception unaccompanied. Further, our results show strong support (92%) for sex education in schools. Parents who believe that good Catholics can use contraception had higher odds of support for adolescent access and u...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 6, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Translation and Validation of an Italian Language Version of the Religious Beliefs and Mental Illness Stigma Scale (I-RBMIS)
AbstractThe aim of this study is to validate the Italian version of the Religious Beliefs and Mental Illness Stigma Scale (I-RBMIS): a self-report measure of religious beliefs  that may contribute to stigma regarding mental disorders. Scale validation included: linguistic validation; pilot test for understandability; face validity; factor analysis as test of dimensionality; Kaiser–Meyer–Olkin test to evaluate sample sampling adequacy; internal consistency was assess ed using Cronbach’s alpha; scale validity was assessed through concurrent criterion validity using as gold standard the Italian ver...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 6, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Spiritual Care Levels of Turkish Nurses with the Spiritual Well-Being of Their Patients: An Exploratory Study
AbstractThe aim of this study was to determine the relationship between spiritual well-being of patients with the  spiritual care levels of nurses. This descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted between July and August 2019. The sample was composed of 63 nurses from one university hospital and 142 patients receiving care at the department of internal medicine of the hospital. For data collection, the information form and “Spirituality and Spiritual Care Rating Scale” were applied to the nurses, personel information form and “FACIT Spiritual Well-Being Scale” were used for the patients...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 5, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Structural Dialectic Model of Care: A Guide to Beliefs, Scenarios and Social Actors Analysis in Nursing Research
AbstractThe structural dialectic model of care provides a data analysis method that facilitates the identification of beliefs and structural and functional characteristics. To demonstrate the relevance of the structural dialectic model of care for data analysis integrating beliefs, scenarios and social actors. The characteristics and functions of the model are described and explained through an analysis of its application in fifteen doctoral theses (2009 –2017). This model has three structures, the functional unit (beliefs), the functional element (social agents), and the functional framework (scenarios). The Structu...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 4, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Training to Conduct Research on Religion, Spirituality and Health: A Commentary
AbstractScientific research on religion, spirituality and health is fundamental, or our health care systems will become spuriously tokenistic rather than being truly holistic.  Likewise, training in scientific research with respect to the interconnection between religion/spirituality and health, is also essential so as to ensure the future inclusion and development of religion and spirituality across the disciplines of medicine, nursing, psychology, social work, pastoral /spiritual care, and other allied health disciplines. This paper describes research training programs now available to obtain the skills and kno...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 2, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spiritual and Religious Issues of Stigmatization Women with Infertility: A Qualitative Study
This study found that women related their experience of infertility to stress and the will of God. They were extremely sad and unhappy and went through an exhausting and fearful process. They faced social isolation, spiritual problems when their friends and relatives told other people their story of infertility. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 1, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Cryonics: Science or Religion
AbstractCryonics involves the low-temperature freezing of human corpses in the hope that they will one  day be reanimated. Its advocates see it as a medical treatment but as in any medical procedure, this presupposes some scientific evidence. This paper examines the scientific basis of this technology and argues that cryonics is based upon assertions which have never been (and potentially can never be empirically demonstrated) scientifically. After providing a general overview of cryogenic preservation, I discuss how advocates of this technology have conceptualized death and more specifically their notion of informati...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 1, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Influence of Religious Participation and Use of Traditional Medicine on Type 2 Diabetes Control in Urban Ghana
This study examined whether the frequency of participation in religious activities and seeking care from spiritual and other traditional medicine (TM) practitioners were associated with blood glucose (HbA1c) control among urban Ghanaians with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Findings revealed that increased frequency of participation in religious activities was significantly associated with decreased HbA1c levels, whereas increased use of TM practitioners was significantly associated with increased HbA1c levels. These findings suggest that strategically integrating religious activities into disease management plans for Gha...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 30, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Effect of Baseline Patterns of Spiritual Coping, Forgiveness, and Gratitude on the Completion of an Alcohol Addiction Treatment Program
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to identify distinct profiles of persons beginning alcohol addiction therapy with similar baseline configurations of spiritual coping, forgiveness, and gratitude. The associations between latent profile membership and the completion of therapy were also examined. The sample was composed of 358 alcohol-dependent persons receiving an outpatient treatment program. The Spiritual Coping Questionnaire, the Forgiveness Scale, and the Gratitude Questionnaire were used to assess the baseline levels of spirituality-related variables. Using latent profile analysis, five profiles were identified: ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 30, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Correction to: Meaning in Life, Religious Coping, and Loneliness During the Coronavirus Health Crisis in Turkey
The original publication of the article was inadvertently published with wrong affiliation link for the co-author. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 30, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

“A Charge to Keep I Have”: Black Pastors’ Perceptions of Their Influence on Health Behaviors and Outcomes in Their Churches and Communities
AbstractThe Black church has become a necessary refuge and haven for hope in turbulent times in the USA. In recent years, the Black pastors' role has evolved into the position of a leading figure in addressing health disparities in the church and community. Therefore, the purpose of this qualitative study was to gain a more extensive understanding of Black pastors' perceptions of their influence on health behaviors and outcomes in their churches and communities. Due to limited research in this area, a phenomenological qualitative paradigm was used to add to future research. In-depth, semi-structured interviews were conduct...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 28, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Protecting the Health of Future Generations as a Global Bioethical Principle: A Broad Protestant Perspective
AbstractIn the development of the Universal Declarations of Bioethics and Human Rights (UDBHR) of UNESCO, the Protestant tradition did not participate in the conversation. This treatise is a humble contribution. The global community is convinced that the present generation can have a positive and negative impact on future generations. Article 16 of the UDBHR expresses serious concern about the negative impact of technology in the context of the human, animal and plant genome in particular, as well as the environment in general. The Protestant concept of the covenant provides a solid theological grounding for article 16 of ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 28, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religious Beliefs About Health and the Body and their Association with Subjective Health
This study provides insight into different belief patterns among racial/ethnic groups and has practical implications for both clinicians and public health practitioners. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 26, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Relevance of Religiosity for Coping Strategies and Disability in Patients with Fibromyalgia Syndrome
This study evaluated religiosity in a cohort of patients with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS), its effect on pain and other symptoms, on coping and FMS-related disability. A total of 102 FMS patients were recruited who filled in questionnaires, a subgroup of 42 patients participated in a face-to-face interview, and data were evaluated by correlation and regression analyses. Few patients were traditionally religious, but the majority believed in a higher existence and described their spirituality as “transcendence conviction”. The coping strategy “praying–hoping” and the ASP dimension “religi...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 23, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Correction to: Association of Death Anxiety with Spiritual Well ‑Being and Religious Coping in Older Adults During the COVID‑19 Pandemic
The original version of the article was inadvertently published with the error in the author name. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 21, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Grieving the Living: The Social Death of Former Jehovah ’s Witnesses
AbstractAddressing a relative lack of research investigating the experiences of individuals who have left the Jehovah ’s Witnesses (JW), this research utilizes a works draw on the social identity approach to examine qualitatively, the process of transitioning towards post-JW life, experiences of ostracism and perceived threats to self-identity. Semi-structured interviews were carried out in the homes of six form er JWs, and transcripts were analysed using interpretive phenomenological analysis. Narratives suggest that experiences of ostracism following religious exit can be associated with diminished mental heal...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 19, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Correction to: How Resiliency and Hope Can Predict Stress of Covid-19 by Mediating Role of Spiritual Well-being Based on Machine Learning
The original version of the article was inadvertently published with the ethical code in Ethical Considerations section. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 19, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Perspectives from Highly Religious Families on Boundaries and Rules About Sex
AbstractWe investigated the intersection of religion and boundaries placed around sex using qualitative data from 198 highly religious Muslim, Christian, and Jewish families. Coding performed by two researchers resulted in six core themes that provide insight into the connection between these two domains. Frequency counts of the core themes, participant quotes, and implications are presented —including the benefits of practitioners inquiring into how clients’ faith affects sexual behavior and scripts, how fidelity and vows might serve a protective function for the relationships of highly religious couples, and ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 19, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religious Problem-Solving Styles and Life Satisfaction: Exploring God, the Will and the Way
AbstractA proliferation of empirical studies over the past few decades has examined the connection between religiosity and health; an extension of this literature has focused on the association between three styles of religious problem-solving —collaborative, self-directing and deferring—and psychological adjustment. Few studies, however, have examined variables that may mediate this association. The present study utilized a cross-sectional design to examine the pathways (means to attain goals) and agency (goal-directed energy and det ermination) components of hope as mediators in the association between religi...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 15, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spiritual Well-Being, Depression, and Quality of Life Among Latina Breast Cancer Survivors
This study explores the relationship between spiritual well-being (SWB) (meaning/peace& faith), depression, and quality of life (QOL). Cancer survivors often use their spirituality as a way of coping. Among a sample of 97 Latina breast cancer survivors (LBCS), SWB was assessed with the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy —Spiritual Well-being Scale, QOL was measured using the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy—General (FACT-G), and depression was measured with the Patient Health Questionnaire. Study findings revealed that SWB, specifically the meaning/peace factor, is the main predictor of...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 13, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Posttraumatic Growth: An Analysis of the Concept Based on Rodgers ’ Concept Development
AbstractThe concept of posttraumatic growth appears frequently in the psychology literature. However, there is no clear definition of it. The purpose of this study was to determine its attributes, antecedents, and consequents. Rodgers ’ evolutionary concept analysis method was used. Data analysis was implemented using thematic analysis. The results showed that posttraumatic growth is a complex concept with four main attributes including spiritual changes, compassion toward others, appreciation of life, and improved self-underst anding. Clarifying the concept of posttraumatic growth and identifying its features can be...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 11, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

In Vitro Fertilization: A Pastoral Taboo?
This article explores, through a qualitative empirical study, the absence of dialogue between Catholic congregants and their priests about IVF. On the one hand, parishioners primarily spoke about infertility issues in a very general manner, but would barely enter into any details. On the other hand, members of the clergy wouldn ’t mention IVF’s prohibition unless they were specifically questioned on that matter. This article proposes explanations for this silence. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 9, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spirituality in Clinical Practice: The Perspective of Brazilian Medical Students
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to evaluate the beliefs, opinions, and experiences of medical students from a Catholic confessional university concerning spirituality in medical practice. This is a descriptive and cross-sectional study with a sample of 323 undergraduate students, of which 162 were in their first two years of their studies and 161 in the final two years. A validated questionnaire consisting of 58 questions was applied. Although the spiritual dimension was recognized as important for patient care, 95% of students were not familiar with spiritual and religious issues. Advanced students reported that the...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 9, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

COVID-19, Nursing, Pediatrics and Measuring Religion and Health
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 9, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spirituality as Strategies for Coping With Tropical Spastic Paraparesis: Results of Focus Group
This study utilized qualitative analysis from focus groups to identify whether spirituality can contribute to coping with problems arising from the HTLV-1 myelopathy associated or tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP). The testimonies were recorded and then transcribed. The information was then systematized by the analysis of thematic-categorical content. When giving voice to people who suffer from HAM/TSP, there is clear evidence that spirituality, understood broadly and not restricted to institutionalized religious practices, is expressed in narratives of feeling for others and trust in God. Through spiritual solutions,...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 8, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Operating on Jehovah ’s Witnesses: A Challenging Surgical Issue
In conclusion, we found that surgery, in our small group of JW patients, was safe and successful despite the lack of blood transfusion. Techniques developed to treat JW patients should be more widely used to improve clinical outcomes and reduce costs to the healthcare system. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 8, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

A Holistic Assessment of Organ Transplantation Activities, Scientific Productivity on Brain Death in Islamic Countries, and Comparison of the Outcomes with the United Nations Development Statistics
In this study, we aimed to question the attitude of Islamic nations on organ donation and transplantatio n. Secondly, we endeavored to investigate how the Islamic perspective on these issues influences scientific productivity about the subject of brain death, which is undeviatingly related to organ transplantation. The term “brain death” was searched in Thomson Reuters, Web of Science search engine , only including Muslim countries. All of the data obtained were subjected to bibliometric analysis. We also compared the transplantation statistics of Global Observatory on Donation and Transplantation Organization ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 8, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Can Religiosity and Social Support Explain Effects of Trait Emotional Intelligence on Health-Related Quality of Life: A Cross-Cultural Study
AbstractReligion and social support along with trait emotional intelligence (EI) help individuals to reduce stress caused by difficult situations. Their implications may vary across cultures in reference to predicting health-related quality of life (HRQoL). A convenience sample ofN = 200 chronic heart failure (CHF) patients was recruited at cardiology centers in Germany (n = 100) and Pakistan (n = 100). Results indicated that trait-EI predicted better mental component of HRQoL in Pakistani and German CHF patients. Friends as social support appeared relevant for German patients only...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 7, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Possibility and Upbuilding in the Constitution of Clinical Thinking in Psychology
AbstractThe purpose of this text is to reflect on a way of thinking which supports availability and the very atmosphere of the psychological clinic of Kierkegaardian inspiration. We will begin by elucidating what is meant by clinical thinking. It will then be necessary to clarify the meaning of two other elements that we are highlighting, possibility and upbuilding. These elements will be taken in relation to existence in its everyday concreteness, a space that always holds the possibility of transformation and of a continuous strengthening (upbuilding) in this movement. To conclude, we must return to the path we have take...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 7, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Validation of the Duke University Religion Index (DUREL) in Portuguese Cancer Patients Undergoing Chemotherapy
This study aimed to translate, adapt and validate the 5-item Duke University Religion Index (DUREL) into European Portuguese. This is a cross-sectional study in a sample of cancer patients receiving chemotherapy. Data were collected in July –October 2018, and the study was approved by the ethics committee of the institution. A sample of 150 participants was included (64.7% female and 35.3% male), aged 35–83 years, and mainly Catholic (86.7%). Participants who were females, older, had lower education and from evangelical religious traditions scored higher on the total score. The Cronbach’s alpha was 0...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 7, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Maternity Healthcare Chaplains and Perinatal Post-Mortem Support and Understanding in the United Kingdom and Ireland: An Exploratory Study
AbstractPerinatal autopsy rates have declined significantly in recent decades. There is a lack of consensus concerning the potential religious influences for bereaved parents in their decision making process for post-mortem. This online study of British and Irish maternity healthcare chaplains explored their understanding of general and local perinatal post-mortem procedures and their experiences in the support of parents. Participants included Christian, Muslim and non-faith chaplains. No chaplain identified any religious prohibition to perinatal post-mortem. A majority of chaplains reported that they had been asked about...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 7, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religiosity and Resilience: Cognitive Reappraisal and Coping Self-Efficacy Mediate the Link between Religious Coping and Well-Being
AbstractQualitative evidence points to the engagement of religious coping strategies when facing adversity, and evidence also highlights the effectiveness of cognitive reappraisal in reducing the impact of distressing emotions on well-being. It has been suggested that religious practices could facilitate the use of reappraisal, by promoting reframing of negative cognitions to alter emotional states. However, the link between religiosity and reappraisal in influencing resilience against symptoms of distress is not known. The current study (N = 203) examined connections among these aspects, using self-reported ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 7, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Effect of Spirituality in Quality of Life of Hemodialysis Patients
This study aimed to assess the effect of spirituality on quality of life of end-stage renal disease patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD). A cross-sectional study was carried out in six HD Units. The sample consisted of 367 patients averaging 61.8  years of age. For the measuring of spirituality and the quality of life, the FACIT-Sp-12 and the Missoula Vitas Quality of Life Index-15, respectively, were completed. Social and demographic data were, also, collected. Spirituality and its dimensions such as Meaning in Life and Peace had a positiv e effect on Global QoL, Symptoms, Interpersonal and in Well-being. Spirituali...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 7, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

ADL and IADL Following Open-Heart Surgery: The Role of a Character Strength Factor and Preoperative Medical Comorbidities
This study explores the role of character strengths (e.g., hope and spirituality) in post-OHS activities of daily living (ADL) and instrumental ADL (IADL), along with cardiac indices used by all cardio-thoracic surgeons, after controlling for self-reported pre-OHS depression, quality of life indicators, and non-cardiac medical comorbidities. Three waves of interview data and cardiac/surgical indices in theSociety of Thoracic Surgeon (STS) national database were collected for a cohort of 481 patients (age  = 62 +, female 42%). Multiple linear regression was used to identify pre-OHS predictors of post-OH...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 7, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Influence of Religiosity and Spirituality on Health in Canada: A Systematic Literature Review
AbstractThe association between religion and health has been the subject of growing interest in academia. However, limited reviews of such studies in Canada exist. The paper systematically reviews and synthesizes existing literature on the relationship between spirituality and health in Canada. Available general databases such as: Medline; Web of Science, PubMed, Sociological abstract, Social Service Abstracts, Google scholar, Humanities International Index, JSTOR, CPI.Q Canadian Periodicals, and American Theological Library Association were searched for the period between 2000 and April 2019 inclusive.  Collected dat...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 6, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research