Understanding College Students ’ Perceptions Regarding Mindfulness: The Impact on Intellectual Humility, Faith Development, Religious Communication Apprehension, and Religious Communication
The objective of the investigation was to test the impact of mindfulness on intellectual humility, faith development, religious communication apprehension, and religious communication. A new scale was developed to measure religious communication. Results revealed (a) mindfulness predicted faith development, intellectual arrogance, and openness; (b) mindfulness predicted less religious communication apprehension, (c) mindfulness did not predict religious communication. Findings help support the notion that greater mindfulness favorably impacts humble faith development. Mindfulness also seemed to buffer less anxiety but with...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 15, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Influence of Religiosity on the Saudi Nursing Students ’ Attitudes Toward Older People and Perceptions on Elderly Care
AbstractThis cross-sectional study examined the influence of Saudi nursing students ’ religiosity on their attitudes toward older people and on their perceptions of elderly care. A sample of 175 nursing students of a government university in Saudi Arabia was surveyed using the Kogan’s Attitudes toward Older People Scale, the Perspectives on Caring for Older Adults Scale, and th e Muslim Religious Index. The students reported they are religious, they have modest attitudes toward older people, and they have neutral perception about elderly care. Religiosity showed a positive influence on the students’ attit...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 12, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Recovering from an Epidemic of Teen Pregnancy: The Role of Rural Faith Leaders in Building Community Resilience
This study explores the role of faith leaders and congregations in preventing teen pregnancy and enhancing overall health. Seventeen faith-based leaders responded to an invitation to participate. Participants were recruited from two counties within Oklahoma, based on desired community characteristics. Findings were directly related to: (1) the vulnerability of rural communities to negative health outcomes; (2) resiliency of rural faith communities to address health issues; and (3) the adaptive capacity of rural faith leaders and their communities to decrease teen pregnancy and maximize community health. Culturally relevant...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 12, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Investigating the Relationship between Religious Beliefs with Care Burden, Stress, Anxiety, and Depression in Caregivers of Patients with Spinal Cord Injuries
In this study, caregivers of patients with SCI were included in the study using convenience sampling method in Ilam city. The researchers identified patient caregivers who met the inclusion criteria. The research objectives were described for caregivers, and the questioners were initiated if caregivers were willing to participate in the study. Literate caregivers completed questionnaires through interviews, and trained questioners completed for illiterate caregivers in the same way (interviewing). Data were analyzed using spss 16 statistical software, and descriptive and analytical methods were used for statistical analysi...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 11, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Effect of Cultural Identification and Family Affection on Coping Abilities in Missionary Kids
AbstractThis exploratory study examined the role of missionary kids ’ (MKs) cultural identification and family affection on their abilities to cope with potentially traumatic events. A total of 156 MKs completed online questionnaires that assessed parental affection, cultural identification, and coping. The results demonstrated that greater verbal affection from m others was related to increased coping for Western-identified MKs, whereas greater non-verbal forms of affection from mothers were related to increased coping for Asian-identified MKs. Another key finding was the distinction between MKs’ ethnicity and...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 10, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Gratitude and Its Conceptualization: An Islamic Perspective
AbstractEmployees constitute an integral part of every organization, and their behaviours cultivate success or failure for the entire industry. Each organization should be cognizant of its employees ’ behaviours that can be translated through their behavioural outcomes. One of such outcomes is the level of gratitude (Shukr in Islamic perspective) that can be conceptualized further by establishing its link with employees ’ social or pro-social behaviours using lens of Islamic philosophy. The literature from the perspective ofHoly Quran andSunnah (Prophet ’s practices) suggests that a good number of employe...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 8, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Potential Risk and Protective Factors for Eating Disorders in Haredi (ultra-Orthodox) Jewish Women
We describe these and use them as a basis for discussion of possible risk and protective factors for ED in Haredi women. Risk factors may include the centrality of food, poverty, rigid dress codes, the impo rtance of thinness for dating and marriage, high demands from women, selflessness and early marriage and high expectations from women. Protective factors may include faith, Jewish laws governing eating and food that encourage gratitude and mindful eating, and body covering as part of modesty laws th at discourage objectification. Ways of overcoming the current barriers to research in the Haredi community should be sough...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 7, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Effect of Moola Bandha (Perineum Contraction), A Yogic Lock on Cognitive Functions of College Students: An Exploratory Study
AbstractAcademic performance and excellence of college students are mainly depending on their cognitive functions. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a yogic lock or hold, Moola bandha (perineum contraction) on cognitive functions of teacher training college students. Twenty-three healthy volunteers with the mean  ± standard deviation age of 21.96 ± 1.64 years were recruited from a district institute of education and training (DIET) college, North India. All the subjects were asked to perform Moola bandha for the duration of 30 min a day (15&nbs...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 6, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Investigation of the Relationship Between Anxiety Levels of Patients Before Plastic Surgery Operation and Worship Practices in Muslims
In conclusion, the present study found that Muslim people who performed religious rituals more often experienced less preoperative anxiety levels in plastic surgeries, which indicates that the belief level is an effective factor in preoperative anxiety levels. The findings of the pres ent study indicate that patients’ beliefs and worship practices should be taken into consideration by doctors, operating room personnel, and even all health workers in order to decrease the anxiety levels of patients who will undergo surgery. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 6, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Relationship Among Religious Orientation, Individual Attributes, and Presence of People in Urban Public Space
AbstractThe purpose of this paper is to study the rate of presence in an urban space and how it is related to people ’s intrinsic and extrinsic religious orientations and individual attributes. For measuring religious orientation, the Allport’s Scale of intrinsic and extrinsic religious orientation was used. The information was collected from 100 residents of Mashhad, an important religious city of Iran. Resul ts show that internal and external religious orientations do not have a significant relationship with the presence of people in urban spaces. But there is a strong relationship between individual attribut...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 5, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Psychometric Characteristics of the Turkish Version of the Nurse Comfort Questionnaire
AbstractThe aim of this study was to determine psychometric characteristics of the Turkish version of the Nurse Comfort Questionnaire (NCQ). The sample of the study comprised 275 nurses in the western part of Turkey. To collect the study data, the Sociodemographic Characteristics Questionnaire and NCQ were used. After the statistical analyses conducted to determine the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Ferrandiz and Martin-Baena ’s NCQ, some items were excluded from the original questionnaire, and a 39-item NCQ for Turkey was developed. The analyses showed that the 39-item NCQ had a valid and rel...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 4, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Spirituality in End-of-Life Cancer Patients, in Relation to Anxiety, Depression, Coping Strategies and the Daily Spiritual Experiences: A Cross-Sectional Study
This study aimed to investigate “Faith” and “Meaning/Peace” dimensions of the functional assessment of chronic illness therapy–spiritual well-being scale (FACIT-Sp-12) in relation to coping strategies, anxiety and depression, and to analyze the relationship between FACIT-Sp-12 and the daily spiritual experience scale in end-of-life cancer patients. A sample of 152 participants were involved. The daily spiritual experiences correlated the most with “Faith” subscale. Moreover, religious coping, depression and daily spiritual experiences resulted “Faith” significant predic...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 4, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Body Mass Index in Religious Contexts: Exploring the Multilevel Influences of Religion
AbstractCan the religious values of an entire geographic area affect the BMI of people living in that same area, even people with different religious values? Although prior research has demonstrated that individual religious characteristics are associated with individual BMI, less is known about how the overall religious context influences BMI. Using multilevel analyses on two waves of the National Study of Youth and Religion merged with county-level variables, this study finds that a county ’s higher Catholic population share is associated with lower individual BMI even after controlling for various individual and c...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 4, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Exploring Religiosity and Spirituality in the Sexual Decision-Making of Black Gay and Bisexual Men
This study utilized data from in-depth qualitative interviews conducted to explore personal meanings of religiosity and spirituality and how these constructs affect partner choices and sexual behaviors among BGBM. Interviews were conducted with 26 BGBM in Los Angeles, California, from September to November 2015. In-depth interviews yielded themes related to BGBM ’s understanding of religiosity and spirituality and how their personal beliefs influenced their partner choices and sexual risks. Implications for church-based and community-based interventions are discussed. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 3, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Five-Factor Model Personality Traits and Self-Classified Religiousness and Spirituality
AbstractA review of the literature investigating the relationship between religion and spirituality and broad personality traits reveals methodological limitations. The present study sought to contribute to the present literature by investigating differences on personality traits among men and women who identified as either religious only (R), spiritual only (S), both spiritual and religious (B), or neither spiritual nor religious (N). One thousand thirty-seven (1037) adults (M age  = 36.34, SD = 12.62) participated online via Amazon’s Mechanical Turk as part of a larger study and complete...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 1, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

“Religious Belief”: An Undervalued Ethical Inclusion Criterion for Clinical Trials on Bone Grafting Procedures
AbstractThe aim of the present review was to assess randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on bone grafting procedures that included religious belief as an eligibility criterion. Indexed databases were searched up to and including February 2019 using different search strategies. In strategy 1, the following terms were used: (a) belief; (b) bone graft; (c) faith; (d) inclusion; (e) exclusion; (f) eligibility; (g) criteria; (h) randomized clinical trial; (i) religion; and (j) xenograft. In strategy 2, the following terms were used in addition to those used in strategy 1: Xenografts AND oral surgery OR xenografts AND maxillofaci...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 1, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Associations between Screen-Based Activity, Spiritual Well-Being, and Life Satisfaction among Adolescents
AbstractThe current study examined how screen-based activity is related to spiritual well-being and life satisfaction among  Czech adolescents, age ranged between 11 and 15 years. Results indicated that spending time on screen-based activities was predictive for spiritual well-being, but did not have a decisive effect on life satisfaction. We also found that spiritual well-being was significantly related to life satisf action. Findings suggest that we ought to pay more attention to the influence of time spending on screen-based activities on spiritual well-being among adolescents to promote positive youth develop...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 16, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

‘The Elephant on the Table’: Religious and Ethnic Diversity in Home Health Services
AbstractHealthcare services are increasingly being provided in the home. At the same time, these home contexts are changing as global migration has brought unprecedented diversity both in the recipients of care, and home health workers. In this paper, we present findings of a Canadian study that examined the negotiation of religious and ethnic plurality in home health. Qualitative analysis of the data from interviews and observations with 46 participants —clients, administrators, home healthcare workers—revealed how religion is expressed and ‘managed’ in home health services. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 16, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Identification of Concepts of Spiritual Care in Iranian  Peoples with Multiple Sclerosis: A Qualitative Study
This study aims at exploring and explaining dimensions of spiritual care for MS patients in care system of Iran. This study is conducted to explore the concept of spiritual care in care system of Iran during 2015 –2016. Purposive sampling is done on 25 participants through unstructured interviews and observation of obtained data through conventional content analysis approach. Four themes of participants’ experiences in spiritual care include restoration of identity essence and nature; disease as a factor for nearness to God; giving meaning to life; and disease as a facilitator for self-purification. Clear under...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 16, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Effect of Religion Intervention on Life Satisfaction and Depression in Elderly with Heart Failure
AbstractThe elderly suffering from heart failure is facing with some problems such as lowering of life satisfaction and depression. Regarding a lack of information in this issue, the current study was conducted to determine the effect of religion intervention on life satisfaction and depression in the elderly with heart failure, in Ilam-Iran. In a clinical trial study conducted on the elderly with heart failure disease in Ilam-Iran, the patients were randomly allocated into two experimental (46) and control (47) groups. The used instruments were a demographic checklist, life satisfaction questionnaire of LSI-Z and Beck dep...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 16, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Influence of Age, Gender and Religion on Willingness to be an Organ Donor: Experience of Religious Muslims Living in Sweden
Abstract The transplantation of organs is one of the most successful medical advances in recent decades, and transplantation is the treatment of choice for severe organ failure worldwide. Despite this situation and the general acknowledgment of organ donation (OD) as a global priority, the demand for organs outstrips the supply in virtually every country in the world. The study aims to elucidate whether age, gender and religion influence decision-making about organ donation in religious Muslims living in Sweden Data were collected through three group interviews using open-ended questions and qualitative content analysis....
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 16, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Muslim Traditional Healers in Accra, Ghana: Beliefs About and Treatment of Mental Disorders
We report on the beliefs about mental illness from the perspective of one category of alternative healers in Ghana —the Muslim faith healers. We also report on their methods of diagnoses and treatment for mental disorders. Results show that the healers’ beliefs about mental illness revolved around the notion ofJinn as causing most mental illness. Emerging themes are discussed with reference to their potential implications for patients ’ care and health-seeking behaviour. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 16, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Factors Affecting the Tendency of Cancer Patients for Religion and Spirituality: A Questionnaire-Based Study
AbstractThis descriptive, cross-sectional, and analytical study was carried out to identify the factors affecting the tendency of cancer patients for the religion and spirituality. The research was applied on a total of 800 individuals: 400 cancer patients under chemotherapy and 400 non-cancer individuals. Data were collected by personal information form, Ok-Religious Attitude Scale, and spiritual life questions. LISREL 8.7 program was run for the confirmatory factor analysis in order to evaluate the compliance of spiritual life questions. Data from Ok-Religious Attitude Scale and scores collected from spiritual life quest...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 16, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Methodology in Research on the Rainbow Body: Anthropological and Psychological Reflections on Death and Dying
AbstractThe rainbow body research project, engaging claims of spiritual attainment and personal transformation, enables us to examine key features of anthropological research. Engagement with communities of discourse exposed aspects of the artificial emic –etic divide, allowing the anthropological study of religion to advance methods in religious studies. The study of paranormal phenomena cannot be isolated from societal contextualization. In this instance, a study of death and dying, contextualized in a traditional community, required unique featu res of engagement for the researcher who would be present to the soci...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 16, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Marital Adjustment and Its Relationship with Religious Orientations Among Iranian Infertile and Fertile Women: A Cross-Sectional Study
This study aimed to determine the status of marital adjustment and its relationship with religious orientations in fertile and infertile women. This study was conducted on 160 infertile and 320 fertile Muslim Iranian women. There was significant difference in terms of marital adjustment in two groups. There was significant relationship between marital adjustments with intrinsic religious orientation in two groups; however, there was no significant relationship between marital adjustments with extrinsic religious orientation. The results suggest that intrinsic religious orientation is likely to increase marital adjustment i...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 16, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Beliefs About Etiology and Treatment of Mental Illness Among Korean Presbyterian Pastors
AbstractThis descriptive study explored pastors ’ beliefs about etiology and treatment of mental illness. Surveys were completed by mail by 202 Korean and Euro-American Presbyterian clergy. Nearly one-third of Korean pastors viewed bad parenting and demon possession as very important causes of mental illness, in contrast to the more than two-th irds of Euro-American pastors who viewed genetics and chemical imbalances as the most important causes. Compared with their Euro-American counterparts, Korean pastors soundly endorsed spiritual treatment of mental illness. The findings of this study suggest the value of unders...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 16, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Influence of Palliative Care Training on Last-Year Nursing Department Students ’ Perception on Regarding Spirituality and Spiritual Care: A Single-Group Pretest–Posttest Intervention Study
AbstractSpiritual care is a part of integrated care and should not be considered as a separate aspect of palliative care. Spirituality is seen as a requirement that must be met for all patients. The aim of this study is to determine the influence of palliative care on the perception levels of student nurses regarding spirituality and spiritual care. The research was carried out as a single-group pretest –posttest intervention study. The study was conducted with 70 student nurses. Data were collected via personal information form and spirituality and spiritual care grading scale (SSCGS). Frequency, percentage, av...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 16, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

‘I Do Not Exist’: Pathologies of Self Among Western Buddhists
AbstractThis paper presents a clinical case involving a patient suffering ‘depersonalisation’ who had a psychotic episode at a Buddhist retreat. Recent writing on possible psychological risks of meditation has discussed problems of depersonalisation associated with misunderstandings of the Buddhist conception of non-self (an ātman) and emptiness (śūnyatā). Drawing on the work of Winnicott and Bion, this article helps us to realise some of what is at stake in the failure to achieve and maintain an effective sense of self. What does Buddhist talk of non-self really mean? What conditions enable a creatively en...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 16, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Evaluation of Distress and Religious Coping Among Cancer Patients in Turkey
This study was conducted as descriptive design. It was determined that 60.7% of the patients experienced distress related to the disease. The field of problem from which the patients mostly experienced distress was physical problems. It was observed that positive coping scores of the patients were higher. There was a negative correlation between their mean scores for positive religious styles and distress total scores. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 16, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Editor ’s Introduction for Special Section: Mental Health, The Mind and Consciousness—Tibetan and Western Approaches
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 16, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Breastfeeding as a Fundamental Islamic Human Right
AbstractThe argument inherent in this paper is that the religious beliefs and values system deeply shape Muslims ’ breastfeeding culture and that mapping the religious ideals of Islam is essential given the potential inroads it offers toward enhanced neonatal, prenatal and pediatric practices, as well as the mitigation of malpractice or cultural inhibitors. This paper discusses the Muslim religious, moral an d spiritual understanding of breastfeeding as a basic natural right while exploring the peculiar perspectives of Islamic law and ethics on the matter, in an effort to present a relevant coherent overview. This re...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 15, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Relationship Between Spiritual Health and Pain Self-Efficacy in patients with Chronic Pain: A Cross-Sectional Study in West of Iran
This study was a descriptive cross-sectional study in the group of patients with chronic pain (CP). In this study, the study population was patients with CP in Ilam City and the study sample was 150 patients with CP referring to public and private health centers in Ilam, which had all the criteria for participation in the study . The findings showed mean (SD) of the total score of SH variables was 65.16 (9.88), and PSE was 34.48 (4.08). According to Pearson statistical analysis, there is a significant relationship between SH and PSE (r = 0.442,P = 0.000). Also, the standard beta and non-standard...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 13, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Prayer Moderating Job Stress Among Muslim Nursing Staff at the University of Malaya Medical Centre (UMMC)
This study examines howSalat (prayer) in Islam moderates the relationship between job stress and life satisfaction among Muslim nursing staff. The researchers sampled 335 nursing staff employed at the University of Malaya Medical Centre in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Their ages ranged from 21 to 60  years. The findings indicate the job stress was associated negatively with life satisfaction; there is a strong positive and significant correlation, respectively, betweenSalat and life satisfaction and thatSalat reduces stress and increases the life satisfaction of Muslim nurses. Thus,Salat has a moderating effect on job stre...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 11, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Effect of Hajj Trip on Mental Health: A Longitudinal Study
AbstractHajj is a spiritual journey and religious ritual which is performed every year. Here, we evaluate the psychological effect of the Hajj. Using General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) questionnaire with 28 questions, the mental health of the pilgrims was assessed before and after the journey. A total of 154 people were questioned, 72 pilgrims (47%) were male. The mean GHQ score of participants before the journey was 50.1 and after the journey was 49.5 (P = 0.248). The results of analysis of variance and generalized estimating equation indicated that the GHQ scores had no significant difference before and aft...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 9, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Right to Use Kratom from the Psychiatric and Islamic Perspectives
AbstractThis paper aimed to summarize kratom ’s psychological effects on users and the Islamic views on kratom use. A literature survey of published kratom studies, teachings based on the holy Qur’an, the Sunnah, and views of several Islamic scholars based on qualitative methodology through text analysis was conducted. The results demonstr ated that despite its beneficial therapeutic effects, the harm induced by kratom outweighs its benefits. We concluded that kratom use for medicinal purposes is only warranted if useful constituent mitragynine can be extracted and used on its own, and if more rigorous human st...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 8, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Prayer in Marriage to Improve Wellness: Relationship Quality and Cardiovascular Functioning
This study examined daily partner-focused petitionary prayer (PFPP) on relationship communication and quality as well as novel indices of cardiovascular functioning in a sample of 90 adults. PFPP was compared to waitlist and meditation conditions over a 4-week period. Aortic hemodynamics via pulse wave analysis were assessed before and after the intervention. Factorial repeated measures analyses indicated that for those in the prayer condition, there were significant improvements in coronary perfusion, decreased left ventricular work, and increased coronary blood flow. Additionally, the perceived positive aspects of one &r...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 7, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Effect of Therapeutic Touch on Sleep Quality in Elders Living at Nursing Homes
This study was carried out to investigate the effect of therapeutic touch on sleep quality in the elderly people living in the nursing homes. The study is a randomized controlled experimental study (pretest –posttest control group). The sample of the research consisted of 25 elderly people. As a result of the study, although there was a significant increase (p   0.05). Therapeutic touch is an effective method of improving the sleep quality of the elders living at a nursing home. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 6, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Avicenna ’s Approach to Health: A Reciprocal Interaction Between Medicine and Islamic Philosophy
AbstractThis paper elucidates how Islamic philosophy is associated with health and illness. Avicenna (980 –1037) as the most important physician and philosopher in the Islamic world has undoubtedly affected various fields of thought and science in Islamic civilization. The basis and infrastructure of his understanding of medicine derive from his philosophical and religious views. According to Avicenna , the soul and body are two intertwined substances from which all human beings are composed. This reciprocal interaction between soul and body is essential in analyzing his medical concepts related to “health&rdqu...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 4, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Making Honey
AbstractA third-year medical student reflects on the role of creative meditation in the life of the clinician. Through three patient encounters, he suggests that the “honey-making” of reflection gives therapeutic power to the clinical encounter, for both provider and patient. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 4, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Unwelcoming: The Church Experiences of HIV-Infected Adolescents and Emerging Adults
AbstractAcceptance among family, friends, and within the community is a critical developmental milestone during adolescence. Having a diagnosis of HIV may hinder or impede one ’s ability to develop socially. The purpose of our original study was to describe the role spirituality may play in HIV-infected adolescents and emerging adults. We interviewed 21 Christian-identified males using constructivist grounded theory methodology. The theory of the church not embracing HI V-infected youth was generated. The theme “unwelcoming” describes young people’s attempts to connect with the church. Embracing ado...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 4, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Construct Validity and Dimensionality of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and Its Association with Spiritual Values Within Irish Population
AbstractUntil this research, correlation of Rosenberg ’s (1965) self-esteem scale (RSES), with religious and spiritual values, was never investigated using the measure as a twofold construct instead of the monolithic form. This research paper explores the prediction of RSES by spiritual values using a twofold structure of: self-esteem-positive (SEP) and self-esteem-negative (SEN), to specify individual and fragmented correlations with spirituality, which until now was unobtainable. Confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modelling were applied to analyse the data. The survey was conducted among two-hundr...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 3, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Intercessory Prayer on Spiritual Distress, Spiritual Coping, Anxiety, Depression and Salivary Amylase in Breast Cancer Patients During Radiotherapy: Randomized Clinical Trial
AbstractThe goal of this study was to assess the effect of intercessory prayer in the psychological, spiritual and biological scores of breast cancer patients who are undergoing radiotherapy. Double-blind RCT comprising a sample of 31 participants (15 in the Control Group and 16 in the Intervention Group). Data collection was performed in three time points (T0,T1 andT2). Significant changes have been identified in the intra-group analysis, concerning the decrease in spiritual distress score; negative religious/spiritual coping prevailed, while the total religious/spiritual coping increased between the posttestT2 toT0. Inte...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 3, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Health and Ancient Beliefs: A Scientometric Analysis of Health Literature Related to Shamanism, Paganism and Spirituality
AbstractScientometrics is a popular statistical application providing data revealing publication trends and patterns in a certain academic field. A quite limited number of studies investigating scientometric features of health and religion literature have been reported in academic literature. The present study aims to present a holistic analysis of health literature related to Shamanism, Paganism and Spirituality. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study in this field. All data of this analysis were yielded from Web of Science databases. All documents produced between 1975 and 2017 were included. In Shamanism ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 30, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Working Together with God: Religious Coping, Perceived Discrimination, and Hypertension
This study examined the relationships of perceived discrimination and religious coping with hypertension in a sample of Black and White Seventh-day Adventists. Data come from a community-based sample of 6128 White American, 2253 African American and 927 Caribbean American adults (67% women; mean age  = 62.9 years). Results indicate lifetime unfair treatment was significantly associated with hypertension regardless of race/ethnicity. Positive religious coping was associated with lower odds of hypertension and did not interact with unfair treatment. Both positive and negative religious copin g were indirec...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 24, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Maintaining Harmony: How Religion and Culture are Interwoven in Managing Daily Diabetes Self-Care
AbstractThe lingering culture among Javanese people cannot be separated from religion, influencing how they perceive any factors that might play a role in managing any health condition. This present study aimed in exploring the perceptions and experiences of religion and culture in performing daily self-care among Javanese Muslim with type 2 diabetes. A qualitative study with thematic content analysis method utilizing in-depth semi-structured interviews was undertaken to explore the perceptions and experiences of Javanese Muslim with diabetes managing their daily self-care activity. Convenient samples of 24 participants we...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 22, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Dimensions of Religiosity and PTSD Symptom Clusters in US Veterans and Active Duty Military
We examined multiple dimensions of religiosity and their relationship to the four DSM-5 PTSD symptom clusters among US Veterans and Active Duty Military (ADM), hypothesizing that religiosity would be most strongly inversely related to negative cognitions/emotions (Criterion D symptoms) and less strongly to neurobiologically based symptom clusters (B, C, and E). This cross-sectional multisite study involved 591 Veterans and ADM from across the southern USA. Inclusion criteria were having served in a combat theater and the presence of PTSD symptoms. Measures of religious beliefs/practices, social involvement, and PTSD sympto...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 15, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Effects of Hand Massage and Therapeutic Touch on Comfort and Anxiety Living in a Nursing Home in Turkey: A Randomized Controlled Trial
This study was carried out to investigate the effects of hand massage and therapeutic touch on comfort and anxiety in the elderly living in nursing homes. The study was designed as a randomized controlled, experimental study (with a pre- and posttest control group). The study population comprised 255 older people aged 65 –89 living in a nursing home in Izmir, a province in Turkey. The study sample included 30 older patients, who were assigned to hand massage (HM) (n = 10), therapeutic touch (TT) (n = 10) and control (C) (n = 10) groups. Of the elderly who participated in the ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 13, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Pilgrim Satisfaction in a Mass Religious Gathering: Study from Sabarimala Destination, Kerala State of India
AbstractIdentification of basic factors of pilgrim satisfaction is essential to responsive authorities for effective implementation of devotee welfare programmes. The determinants of satisfaction in a particular location are comprised of environmental, economic and sociocultural activities. The Sabarimala hill temple is one of the major Sastha temples in India. Every year, about 25 million pilgrims visit the temple from all parts of the country and abroad. The present study analyzes devotee satisfaction according to their demographic profile and identifies key factors that affect the overall satisfaction of pilgrims visiti...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 11, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Effect of Religious Belief on the Attitudes of Pregnant ’s Toward the Fetal Health
AbstractThe purpose of this study is to identify the effect of religious beliefs on the attitudes of pregnant women toward the health of the fetus. Pregnancy, one of the important periods of life, is a special period in terms of affecting both the mother ’s and the baby’s health. Health beliefs and attitudes are the factors that have effects on mother–baby death rates (mortality)—which is one of the most important criteria showing health level of societies. However, the literature has limited number of studies on this issue. Volunteer partic ipants who applied to the Gynecology and Obstetrics Polycl...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 10, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Celebrating Sabbath as a Holistic Health Practice: The Transformative Power of a Sanctuary in Time
AbstractSabbath-keeping has several holistic health benefits when done for intrinsic reasons. Most research on Sabbath-keeping is about individuals where Sabbath-keeping is customary. This organic inquiry describes how a Sabbath promoted transformation for ten women where Sabbath-keeping was not the norm. Six themes emerged: Sabbath-keeping enhanced self-awareness, improved self-care, enriched relationships, developed spirituality, positively affected the rest of a Sabbath-keeper ’s week, and Sabbath-keeping practices and philosophies also evolved over time. The author argues that reviving the best parts of Sabbath-k...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 10, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research