Spirituality Needs in Chronic Pain Patients: A Cross-Sectional Study in a General Hospital in Malaysia
This study aimed to explore the factors associated with spirituality needs among chronic pain patients in a general hospital in Malaysia. An analytical cross-sectional study was conducted among 117 chronic pain patients in a general hospital in Malaysia. Clinical features and assessments were evaluated by an experienced pain physician and retrieved from patient medical records. An interviewer-administered questionnaire that consisted of items on socio-demographics, the validated 19-items spiritual needs questionnaire and the visual analog scale was utilized. Multivariate linear regression analysis was conducted to identify...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 20, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Neuroticism and Religiosity: The Role of Obsessive Beliefs, Thought-Control Strategies and Guilt in Scrupulosity and Obsessive –Compulsive Symptoms Among Muslim Undergraduates
AbstractNeuroticism and religiosity are distal vulnerability factors for OCD phenomenon. The present study aimed to examine the roles of obsessive beliefs (OBs), thought-control strategies, and guilt in the relationship between these vulnerability factors and obsessive –compulsive symptoms (OCSs), specifically scrupulosity symptoms in a Muslim sample via SEM. The sample consisted of 273 university students who filled out a set of questionnaires. The results indicated that neuroticism and the degree of religiosity predict OBs that are positively associated with g uilt and self-punishment both of which predict scrupulo...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 20, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Spiritual Health and Quality of Life of Heart Transplant Candidates
AbstractThe heart transplantation is a stressful event, and its waiting time is often associated with worsening of clinical conditions and deterioration of the patient ’s quality of life. Spirituality plays an important role in mental health, so the present study was conducted to investigate the relationship between spiritual health and quality of life of patients undergoing cardiac transplantation. The present descriptive study was performed on 48 patients unde rgoing cardiac transplantation at the Shahid Rajaee Cardiovascular Center in Tehran during the first half of 2016. The data were collected by Ellisan–P...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 20, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

An Islamic Microfinance Approach to Scaling up the Economic Life of Vulnerable People with HIV/AIDS in the Muslim Society
AbstractPeople with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) commonly pose problems to their family as well as to society because of their vulnerable health and economic conditions. Contrarily, PLWHA encounter social discrimination and adverse realities while finding it difficult to continue in their jobs. These complex phenomena interact to push them into a low economic status. A microfinance program can hopefully assist poor patients to cope with the negative economic consequences of this disease. But the conventional market-oriented microfinance institutions show reluctance to serve this group of people due to the possibilities of having credi...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 20, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Study of Spiritual Health Determinants in Indian Saints (Sadhus) at Ujjain Kumbh Mela (Simhast) 2016
This study was to estimate the ‘spiritual score and rank’ of Indian saints and explore its psychological and social associates and predicates. Development of spirituality in Indian saints is practice oriented and multidimensional. This study was conducted in 2016–2017; data collection was done during Kumbh Mela (Simhasta) a t Ujjain from 17th May to 16th June 2016. Spiritual health assessment was done by ‘spiritual assessment inventory’ (SAI), mental health by ‘GAINN-SS’ and pertinent social factors by self-designed pretested questionnaire. Descriptive, Chi-square, ANOVA and ordina...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 20, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Clinicians ’ Perspectives on Caring for Muslim Patients Considering Fasting During Ramadan
This study explores clinicians ’ perspectives on factors affecting care provided to Muslim patients who decide to fast during Ramadan. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with a purposeful sample of clinicians in Egypt (11) and the USA (10). Framework analysis was conducted through mapping data to constructs within social cognitive theory. Data were mapped into clinician’s belief in ability to care for those patients, belief in group’s ability to provide care, anticipated consequences of providing such care, knowledge, learning by observing other clinicians, cultural norms and perceived acceptabilit...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 20, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Music as a Medicine for the Soul in Bible and Christian Patristic Tradition
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 20, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Saints and “Possession”: A Case Review Bordering Ethnopsychiatry and Cultural Diversity
AbstractThe migrations of modern times have exposed psychiatrists and other medical experts to elements from other cultures which have to be recognised and discerned from pathology. In the present paper, we offer an overview of both historical and modern witnessings of various kinds of “possession”, with shedding light on the whole process of diagnostics—taking into account all aspects that make a person as an individual: with particular emphasis on origin, lifestyle, moral values, and ethical norms what is sometimes easily associable with culture-bound phenomena, and someti mes overstepping the border of...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 19, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

American Indian Women Cancer Survivors ’ Spiritual and Religious Coping Practices
AbstractDespite AI women ’s cancer disparities being a public health concern, a dearth of research on this populations’ spiritual coping poses a barrier to redressing such disparities. The purpose of this article was to explore AI women cancer survivors’ spiritual and religious coping. This qualitative descriptive stu dy included a sample of 43 AI women cancer survivors. Qualitative content analysis revealed that 93% of AI women cancer survivors used a variety of AI spiritual coping, religious coping, and/or a mixture of the two. Results reveal the prevalence of AI spiritual coping, with traditional AI sp...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 18, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

An Italian Experience of Spirituality from the Coronavirus Pandemic
AbstractIn this letter to the editor, the authors tell their personal experience in the fight against Coronavirus pandemic and call for more spirituality needed to battle in the COVID-19 emergency. They commemorate the story of many Italian priests who have died in this tragedy and claim that spiritual skills for healthcare workers are especially important in a disaster scenario like this COVID 19 pandemic, to relieve stress and psychic sufferance of the same healthcare professionals as well as of patients and their families. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 18, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Nursing Students ’ Spiritual Orientations and Their Attitudes Toward the Principles of Dying with Dignity: A Sample from Turkey
AbstractNurses ’ attitudes toward spiritual care and death are influenced by their personal belief systems and world-views. The aim of this study is to reveal the attitudes of nursing students toward spiritual orientation and principles of dying with dignity. The study was conducted with the participation of 478 nursing students. As a result of the study, it was found that the average score of the students’ spiritual orientation scale was high and the average score of the assessment scale of attitudes toward the principles of dying with dignity was found to be moderate. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 16, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Transcultural Nurses ’ Caring for Pilgrims for the First Time During Hajj Season in Saudi Arabia
AbstractThe Kingdom of Saudi Arabia invests tremendous governmental resources to support the annual Hajj season, including providing free world-class healthcare for all visiting pilgrims. Nurses from around the Kingdom are encouraged to work at Makkah during this period. These nurses come from different cultural backgrounds and provide care for pilgrims from around the world. The study utlized descriptive phenomenology design. A total of 11 transcultural nurses were interviewed. A thematic analysis was performed to understand the lived experience of the transcultural nurses participating in the Hajj for the first time. Fiv...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 16, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

An Ethnographic Manifestation of Religious Life of Gadaba Tribe in Its Changing Dimensions
AbstractThe captivating tribal communities living across the length and breadth of the state of Central India and mostly in Odisha have enriched the cultural heritage of the region by their cultural diversities. Gadaba ’s religious life reflected through their rich folk traditions of songs, dance, music, rituals and festivals celebrated round the year adds colourful dimensions to their very existence. The amazing conglomeration of traditions, beliefs, sorrows and philosophies that together constitute and vitaliz e the religion of tribes has descended from antiquity and has been preserved unimpaired to the present day...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 16, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Effect of Therapeutic Touch on the Comfort and Anxiety of Nursing Home Residents
AbstractNurses are increasingly using energy therapies such as therapeutic touch (TT) in many countries. This research aimed at finding out the effects of TT on comfort and anxiety of nursing home residents. This research is a quasi-experimental randomized control study which was conducted to investigate the impact of TT on the comfort and anxiety of older people living in a nursing home in İzmir, Turkey, between August 2015 and 2016. The sample of the study was formed from 60 older people who fitted the selection criteria, 30 in the experimental group and 30 in the control group. Data were collected using a General Comfo...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 15, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Clergy Attitudes About Ways to Support the Mental Health of Sexual and Gender Minorities
AbstractThis pilot study explored clergy members ’ attitudes about ways to support the mental health needs of sexual and gender minorities (SGM; e.g., lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people). Participants (N  =  86, 46% female, 26% SGMs) were US clergy members from a variety of religious faiths but mostly were leaders in Christian faith communities in the greater Chicago area. Clergy participants completed quantitative and qualitative items asking what types of resources (e.g., workshops, websites, consu ltations, or testimonies) and delivery format (online or in-person) they perceived as most h...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 15, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religion and Health During the COVID-19 Pandemic
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 15, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

COVID-19 Anxiety
AbstractGrowing concerns about anxiety associated with COVID-19 have led to recommendations for effective self-care, and greater availability of mental health treatment. At the same time, existential concerns raised by the pandemic suggest the importance of religious resources, as seen in research into the experience of patients dealing with advanced cancer. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 15, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Maintaining Health and Well-Being by Putting Faith into Action During the COVID-19 Pandemic
This article comments on the role that religious faith and practice can play in helping individuals remain free from infection by the coronavirus and in helping to moderate the effects of infection if that should occur. The author provides six recommendations to help individuals maintain spiritual, mental, and physical resilience during these anxious times of the COVID-19 pandemic. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 14, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religion, Age, Education, Lifestyle, and Health: Structural Equation Modeling
This study aimed to analyze the moderating effect of religion between sociodemographic variables, lifestyle, and self-referred physical and mental health. Cross-sectional study with non-randomized sample of 392 participants. The Eight Natural Remedies Questionnaire was used to assess lifestyle. Religion was found to be positive predictor between age, education and lifestyle, better physical and mental health. Being an Adventist positively influenced the lifestyle (r = 0.680;p 
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 14, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Love of Neighbor During a Pandemic: Navigating the Competing Goods of Religious Gatherings and Physical Health
AbstractIn light of the present pandemic, many religious communities have been asked to suspend their services and meetings. From the perspective of these communities, this comes at considerable cost to the spiritual good that these religious services bring about. Empirical evidence also indicates that the suspension of these services will have costs concerning physical and mental health as well. However, in the case of a pandemic, because it is aninfectious disease that is the concern, love of neighbor arguably does entail the suspension of services for the sake of the preservation of life for others. Religious communitie...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 13, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Transcendent Philosophy of Medicine: A Deductive Synthesis According to the Transcendental Wisdom (Mulla Sadra School of Thought)
AbstractMedicine is dependent to definition of human being in all existential dimensions, and this study attempts to synthesize a philosophy of medicine based ontranscendental wisdom that was instituted by Mulla Sadra (979 –1045 AH /1571–1635 AD). Usingimplication eliciting methodology, in the paradigm ofconsensual qualitative research, ten main principles of transcendental wisdom were selected and described after being approved by experts (n = 13). Then, after more than 4 years of prolonged engagement using these principles, the transcendent philosophy of medicine was deductively synthesized. Afterward, to rea...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 8, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Investigating the Effect of Religious and Islamic Teachings on the Calmness and Mental Health in Educational Spaces
AbstractReligion can lead to the creation of meaning. Therefore, religion gives meaning to the life and death of humans. Spirituality is far higher than religion and entails all concepts of human dimensions such as spiritual health, peace resulting from belief and spiritual adaptation as well as one ’s experiences in a unique and dynamic process (which is reflecting the belief in God and infinite power), connection (to someone, others, nature or God) and coalition. Regardless of considering the role of spirituality in the health section, what is worldly paid attention today, is the “spiritu ality” and &ld...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 2, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Determination of Dyadic Adjustment, Happiness and Related Factors in Married Turkish Women Living in Anatolia
AbstractNowadays, divorce rate increases rapidly; therefore evaluation, of dyadic adjustment and happiness at marriage gains importance. In the study, 910 women were reached and 772 married women agreed to participate in the study. Women have a mild level for dyadic adjustment and happiness with spouses. Sociodemographic factors such as income status, age, age at first marriage, the number of children, duration of marriage, woman ’s and her husband’s education level and type of marriage affect dyadic adjustment and relationship happiness. It is recommended that within the scope of primary healthcare, women shou...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 29, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Beginning of Life Issues: An Islamic Perspective
AbstractIslam gives legal precedence to purity of lineage and known parenthood of all children. In Islam treatment to infertility using IVF is permitted within validity of marriage contract with no genes mixing. The paper shows that the Qur ’ān, the word of Allah, and science, the deeds of Allah are not in major conflicts in defining the start of human life. The Holy Qur’ān provides an elegant description of origin, developmental stages of intra-uterine life. The Hadith explains two positions one that believes human embryo get en souled at conception and the other after 40 days of conception. The paper a...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 22, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Paternalism, Evangelism, and Power
AbstractIn medicine and pastoral care, there are parallel struggles with paternalism and evangelism, each exertions of power in the setting of privilege. While striving to avoid abuses of power, well-intentioned professionals may unwittingly abjure providing guidance. This can result in threats to patient care: professional abdication and patient abandonment. InThe Healer ’s Power, Howard Brody conceptualizes an approach to the use of power in therapeutic relationships. In this essay, we invoke Brody ’s framework to consider the place of evangelism and paternalism in the fields of chaplaincy and medicine in ord...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 21, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Correction to: Using Neurology Sciences to Investigate the Color Component and Its Effect on Promoting the Sense of Spirituality in the Interior Space of the Vakil Mosque of Shiraz (Using Quantitative Electroencephalography Wave Recording)
The original version of the article was published with errors in the text. The corrections are given below: (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 18, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Unended Quest: Life Goals, Values, and Immigrant Parents in New Zealand
This study aimed to address this lack of research by examining the personal values and life goals among immigrant parents in New Zealand. Based on the literature review, the hypothesis of this study is that immigrant parents’ intrinsic life goals were positively correlated with their spiritual values. In contrast, extrinsic goals did not have similar effects. Quantitative and qualitative research methods were used.The aspirations index, which was used to assess life goals, and theSchwartz ’ value survey, which measured the participants ’ personal values, were both distributed to the participants (N&thinsp...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 17, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Blood Myths and Ethnic –Cultural Background as Impediments in Patient Blood Management Education
We examined whether blood-linked myths and ethnic –cultural background factors are impediments to PBM education and implementation. Data about the influence of blood myths and diverse ethnic–cultural communities were collected from physicians in our medical center via an anonymous questionnaire which contained questions about myths as well as k nowledge of blood transfusion. No statistical differences were found between ethnic and cultural groups regarding blood myths and cultural background influence, although the Jewish participants were less influenced by myths than their Arab colleagues. The influence of bl...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 13, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Does a Fundamentalist Mindset Predict a State or Trait Anxiety? The Covariate Role of Dogmatism
In this study, we examined whether the need for closure dimensions predicted religious fundamentalism. Further, we tested if pronounced religious beliefs (also controlled for dogmatism) would be associated with a state or trait anxiety, in a sample of 388 Roman Catholics (females  = 53.9%). Path analysis (SEM), with observed variables, was used to determine the pathways by which religious fundamentalism, need for closure dimensions, and dogmatism interacted to influence anxiety. The results revealed that religious fundamentalism was predicted by intolerance to ambiguity, preference for order, and closed-minde...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 11, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Spirituality and the Developing Brain: A Framework for Pediatric Oncology
AbstractDevelopment, whether motor, language, social, or spiritual, is the functional expression of complex brain processes throughout one ’s life span, the foundations of which are laid in childhood. The effects of cancer, chemotherapy, radiation, and surgical procedures on early brain development have been measured using neuroimaging and developmental assessment tools. We propose that spiritual development may be substantially affe cted in children with oncological diseases that impact underlying brain processes. By drawing connections between science, spirituality, and medicine, we can better address the spiritual...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 8, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Methodology of Interdisciplinary Studies in Nursing Based on Islamic Documents
AbstractTo meet the needs of people from various cultures, nursing research must be performed on the basis of these cultures. This research aims to invent interdisciplinary research method based on Islamic documents. This method is with three stages: first, to describe a desired concept; second, to define the concept from the viewpoint of humans. Finally, a nursing discipline is achieved on the basis of the human knowledge and its findings, and Islamic documents. Results of this research method assist nurses in offering nursing care with regard to Muslim's beliefs in addition to their culture and customs. (Source: Journal ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 6, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religiosity/Spirituality and Physiological Markers of Health
AbstractThe long-standing interest in the effects of religiosity and spirituality (R/S) on health outcomes has given rise to a large and diverse literature. We conducted a meta-analysis on research involving R/S and physiological markers of health to elucidate both the scope and mechanism(s) of this phenomenon. A combined analysis found a significant, but small, beneficial effect. Subgroup analyses found that some measures of both extrinsic and intrinsic religiosity were significantly associated with health. Several outcome measures, including blood pressure, C-reactive protein, and cardiovascular health markers, were sign...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 1, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Effect of Religious Beliefs on the Attitude of Aesthetic Surgery Operation in Islam
This study aims to investigate the relationship between individuals ’ attitudes about acceptance of aesthetic surgery (e.g. rhinoplasty, autoplasty, blepharoplasty, and mammaplasty) and some of the worship practices in Islamic religion such as performing prayer, fasting, and going to pilgrimage. Although many people think that aesthetic surgery is inappropriate in Islamic religion, no studies in the literature were found to have investigated this issue. This study collected data through a questionnaire administered to 96 patients who applied to our Plastic Surgery Clinic and underwent various surgical operations and ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 1, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religious Discrimination Scale: Development and Initial Psychometric Evaluation
This study presents the development and initial psychometric evaluation of the Religious Discrimination Scale (RDS). This 11-item instrument identified three dimensions based on perceived discrimination experiences of members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS): Perceived Prejudice, Closet Symptoms, and Negative Labels. The psychometric evaluations of the RDS indicated a strong and clear factor structure as well as good internal consistency reliability. The test of measurement and structural invariance across gender also suggested that the RDS scale is equally appropriate to be used with both men and w...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 1, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religion and Body Weight Among African-American Adults Attempting to Lose Weight: An Exploratory Study
AbstractReligion and body weight was explored at two time points among overweight and obese African-American adults. Baseline and follow-up data were collected from 26 adults participating in a weight loss intervention and analyzed using multiple regression analyses of religious measures, body weight, and other variables. Frequent church attendance was significantly associated with greater weight lost from baseline to 16-week follow-up. In this exploratory study, religious interactions and experiences may be involved in shaping body weight among African-Americans attempting to lose weight. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 1, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spiritual and Religious Healing Practices: Some Reflections from Saudi National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Riyadh
AbstractTraditional practices constituting spiritual and religious (S/R) healing are an important component of the holistic healthcare model and are used in health, well-being, and treating a variety of diseases around the world. The main focus of this review is to summarize the Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) studies that especially target S/R healing practices in Saudi Arabia (SA) and discuss the results in light of relevant international literature. From year 2013 –2017, electronic searches of PubMed, OvidSP, Google Scholar, and two publishing housing Web sites (Sciencedomain.com and Dove Medical Pres...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 1, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Response Bias in Research on Religion, Spirituality and Mental Health: A Critical Review of the Literature and Methodological Recommendations
AbstractAlthough a significant body of research supports the psychological benefits of religion and spirituality, more investigations are needed to understand the mechanisms by which they impact mental health. While some studies suggest a causal direct influence, the findings may still be subject to unmeasured factors and confounders. Despite compelling empirical support for the dangers of response bias, this has been a widely neglected topic in mental health research. The aim of this essay is to critically examine the literature addressing the role of response bias in the relationship between religion, spirituality and me...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 1, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

“What Goes Around Comes Around”: Attitudes and Practices Regarding Ageing and Care for the Elderly Among Moroccan Muslim Women Living in Antwerp (Belgium)
AbstractThe aim of this article is threefold. First, we seek to elicit the attitudes and practices of middle-aged and elderly Moroccan Muslim women towards ageing and care for the elderly. Second, we aim to identify possible differences between middle-aged and elderly women ’s attitudes and practices. Third, we seek to explore which role religion plays in their attitudes and practices. Qualitative empirical research was conducted with a sample of middle-aged and elderly Moroccan Muslim women living in Antwerp (Belgium) (n = 30) and with experts in the field (n = 15). Our study unveils that ageing ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 1, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Comparison of Death Anxiety, Obsession, and Depression Between Muslim Population with Positive and Negative Religious Coping
AbstractDeath anxiety, obsession, and depression constitute three dimensions of death distress which can be influenced by religious coping in religious individuals. The aim of this study was to compare death anxiety, depression, and obsession between Muslims with positive and negative religious coping. In a cross-sectional study, a sample of 339 participants were selected via stratified random sampling method. The participants were screened using the Brief Religious Coping Scale, in which 60 individuals were identified to have positive religious coping and 62 individuals were recognized as individuals with negative religio...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 1, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Growth: A Journey from Experience to Higher Perception Among Iranian Muslim CPR Survivors
AbstractSeveral studies have been conducted among cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) survivors. Some studies have shown that positive and negative experiences coexist. Emotional distress and psychopathology in CPR survivors are related to the urgent need to make growth. Understanding the meaning of CPR survivors ’ lived experiences of growth may facilitate their growth. The aim of the study was to illuminate the meaning of CPR survivor’s lived experiences of growth in southeast Iran. A qualitative design using a phenomenological hermeneutic approach influenced by Ricoeur was used in 12 CPR survivors. Th ree ma...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 1, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Worldview Under Stress: Preliminary Findings on Cardiovascular and Cortisol Stress Responses Predicted by Secularity, Religiosity, Spirituality, and Existential Search
This study reports preliminary findings on the hypothesis that worldview can predict cardiovascular and cortisol responses to social stress. Based on theory and previous findings, we assumed that worldview security would provide a basis for stress resilience. Accordingly, religious and atheist individuals were expected to show higher stress resilience than spiritual and agnostic participants. Likewise, dimensional measures of religiosity and atheism were hypothesized to predict decreased, and existential search —indicating worldview insecurity—was hypothesized to predict increased physiological stress resp...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 27, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Wedding with a Stolen Goddess: The Ethnography of a Cult in Rural Tamil Nadu
AbstractThe paper provides a critical overview of the perspective that stratifies society in India into a series of different classes, resulting in the mobility of particular castes or social groups. For this purpose, the study presents ethnographic material concerning the foundation and development of a non-Brahman temple in the Tamil low-caste settlement of Line Kollai, which is in a neighbourhood close to the city of Krishnagiri. The presented ethnographic material shows how a religious folk cult has been established on the grounds of actualized and modified motives in the vernacular environment. In this line, the study...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 27, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spiritual Lessons From the Coronavirus Pandemic
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 26, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

An Investigation of the Relationship Between Intercultural Sensitivity and Religious Orientation Among Nurses
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between intercultural sensitivity and religious orientation among nurses. This study utilized a cross-sectional model. It was conducted in a public hospital in a city located in the eastern part of Turkey between July and September 2018. The participants were 105 nurses who volunteered to participate in the study. Data were collected using the Socio-Demographic Characteristics Form, the Intercultural Sensitivity Scale, and the Religious Orientation Scale. The Intercultural Sensitivity Scale mean score of the participating nurses was found 82.55  ± 9.82, ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 14, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religion, Health, Social Capital and Place: The Role of the Religious, Social Processes and the Beneficial and Detrimental Effects on the Health and Wellbeing of Inhabitants in Deprived Neighbourhoods in Malta
This study emphasises that religious social processes operate in a highly complex manner, and ‘adherents’ and ‘disaffiliates’ are likely to enjoy positive or negative health and wellbeing acc ording to where they live and according to important persons living in the neighbourhood such as the parish priest. This study contributes to the research gap between religion, social capital and health and the complex, social processes that operate at the local level of place. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 7, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Does Spiritual Intelligence (SI) Exist? A Theoretical Investigation of a Tool Useful for Finding the Meaning of Life
AbstractFor years, spirituality and finding the meaning of life have been considered essential phenomena in the context of human existence. Zohar introduced the termspiritual intelligence (SI) in 1997, and since that time researchers have been seeking to clarify the concept. Emmons (The psychology of ultimate concerns. Guilford Press, New York,1999) suggested that SI serves as a potentially significant construct to expand our understanding of the psychological determinants of human functioning. In recent years, several efforts to conceptualize and measure this construct have joined the body of related literature, of which ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 27, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Filling the Gaps: The Role of Faith-Based Organizations in Addressing the Health Needs of Today ’s Latino Communities
This study examined the needs, barriers, and facilitators related to such programs in Memphis, TN. Thirty Latino community members and ten faith leaders participated in focus groups and in-depth interviews, respectively. Health needs identified included diet, dental care, and screenings, while barriers included cost, education, lack of prevention-seeking behaviors, and need for Spanish language services. Faith leaders were aware of more health resources than community members. Despite being receptive and acknowledging the need for faith-based programs aimed at prevention and filling healthcare gaps, concerns regarding the ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 27, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Investigation of Nursing Students ’ Attitudes Towards Death and Their Perceptions of Spirituality and Spiritual Care
AbstractNurses are responsible for meeting the care needs of dying patients and their families, including their physical, psychological, emotional and spiritual assessment and care. The aim of this descriptive study was to investigate nursing students ’ attitudes towards death and their perceptions of spirituality and spiritual care. The study sample consisted of 237 second-, third- and fourth-grade nursing students. Data were collected using a “Personal Information Form”, the “Spirituality and Spiritual Care Rating Scale (SSCRS)” and “ Death Attitude Profile-Revised (DAP-R)”. Numb...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 26, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Depressive Feelings in Religious Minorities: Does the Religious Context Matter?
AbstractIn the present study, the authors examine the extent to which depressive feelings vary across religious denominations and how this relates to the religious context. We apply a multilevel model using data from the sixth (2012) and seventh (2014) wave of the European Social Surveys, comparing 268 regions within 28 European countries. We find that religious minorities report more depressive feelings than non-minorities, except in regions with a majority of Muslims. A higher likelihood to experience discrimination, as well as the higher proportion of migrants within the religious minority groups, explains a substantial...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 25, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Narratives of Shia Madurese Displaced Women on Their Religious Identity and Gender Citizenship: A Study of Women and Shi ’as in Indonesia
This study argues that religious identity and gender citizenship are constructed by these displaced Shias women concerning their belief as to what is considered ‘true’ in Islam, acquired from the ‘Islamic traditions’ of their local Islamic teacher (s). Their loyalty to a religious belief does not arise from any independent search for the ‘true Islam’ but rather from the doctrine of the teachers/spiritual leaders. Enforced loyalty to Shi’as in their everyday communal ritual practices has influenced the formation of these displaced women’s religious identity as Shi’ias. (...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 25, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research