Self-Efficacy and Nutrition Education: A Study of the Effect of an Intervention with Faith Community Nurses
AbstractThe faith community provides an important access point for practice focused on population health at a time when health issues such as obesity and overweight are affecting large number of Americans. The purpose of this study was to examine faith community nurses ’ self-efficacy perceptions following a nutrition educational intervention. A convenience sample of 92 faith community nurses were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. The t-distribution analysis revealed significant differences between the nutrition knowledge self-efficacy (p = .016) and nutrition counseling self-efficacy (p...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 3, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Relationship Between Spiritual Well-Being and Hope in Patients with Cardiovascular Disease
AbstractSpirituality and hope have been identified as important constructs in health research, since both are thought to enhance a person ’s ability to cope with the consequences of serious illness. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between spiritual well-being and hope in patients with cardiovascular disease. Using descriptive, correlational methodology, the investigator gathered data on a convenience sample of 500 patients with cardiovascular disease who were hospitalized in a medical institution in Iran. The study was conducted over a four-month period. Participants completed a demographic ques...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 2, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Defining the Context for Best Practices: Institutional Setting for Clinical Pastoral Care in Estonia
AbstractThe current article aims to offer an informational basis for creating an adaptable model of spiritual support provision for Estonian health care institutions. The study addresses Estonian medical staff ’s knowledge about and attitudes towards spiritual support. The data originate from a quantitative research conducted in 19 Estonian hospitals during 2015–2016. The results show a good will for interdisciplinary co-operation, and pastoral caregiver is expected to be a part of the staff. The fact that spiritual support is not financed by the state budget funds raises the question about explaining the benef...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 2, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spiritual Well-Being and Spiritual Distress in Cancer Patients Undergoing Chemotherapy: Utilizing the SWBQ as Component of Holistic Nursing Diagnosis
Abstract Holistic nursing care requires attention to the spiritual dimension. This is particularly important when caring for patients with cancer. This research presents the results of the assessment of spiritual well-being using the Spiritual Well-Being Questionnaire (SWBQ) to validate the nursing diagnosis ofspiritual distress. Structured interviews were conducted with 169 patients in one hospital in Portugal. We concluded that the SWBQ is a useful and reliable instrument to assess spiritual distress, which highlights the importance of listening to patients and questioning them about spiritual needs as well as the import...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spirituality and Religiosity and Its Role in Health and Diseases
AbstractReligiosity is a factor involved in the management of health and diseases/patient longevity. This review article uses comprehensive, evidence-based studies to evaluate the nature of religiosity that can be used in clinical studies, thus avoiding contradictory reports which arise from misinterpretation of religiosity. We conclude that religiosity is multidimensional in nature and ultimately associated with inherent protection against diseases and overall better quality of life. However, a number of untouched aspects of religiosity need to be investigated further before we can introduce religiosity in its fully funct...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spirit or Fleeting Apparition? Why Spirituality ’s Link with Social Support Might Be Incrementally Invalid
AbstractPreviously published path models apparently confirm thebelief-as-benefit perspective that spirituality boosts well-being via social support. The broad acceptance of such findings has motivated recommendations that clinical psychologists and psychiatrists routinely assess their patients ’ spiritual status. Skeptics retort that past findings are statistically confounded and that numinous beliefs and well-being are unrelated. A multivariate regression analysis testing whether spirituality explains variance in social support after personality traits are simultaneously included is re ported. Although spirituality ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Gender- and Sport-Specific Associations Between Religiousness and Doping Behavior in High-Level Team Sports
This study aimed to provide evidence for possible gender- and sport-specific associations between religiousness and doping behavior among team-sport athletes of both genders. The participants were 886 athletes (21.9  ± 3.8 years of age; 352 females) involved in four sports: volleyball (n = 154; 78 females), handball (n = 206; 68 females), soccer (n = 316; 110 females) and basketball (n = 230; 96 females) from Croatia and Slovenia (all traditionally Roman Catholics). The data were collected using a previously validated structured questionnaire that examined socio...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Perceptions of Chaplains ’ Value and Impact Within Hospital Care Teams
We examined in a mixed-methods fashion, the effects of this type of integrated care team within a teaching hospital setting. The quality and impact of chaplain involvement were studied from patient and physician-in-training perspectives, using data from more than 200 patients and physicians in training. Findings clearly show that clinically trained chaplains can contribute meaningful expertise and real value to the quality and comprehensiveness of patient and physician experiences. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religion and Happiness: A Study Among University Students in Turkey
This study tests the hypothesis that higher levels of positive religious affect are associated with higher levels of personal happiness among a sample of 348 students studying at a state university in Turkey who completed the Ok Religious Attitude Scale (Islam), the Oxford Happiness Inventory, and the short-form Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Revised. The data reported a small but statistically significant association between religiosity and happiness after taking sex and individual differences in personality into account. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Health Impacts of Religious Practices and Beliefs Associated with The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints
AbstractThe aim of the study is to discuss the relationship between lifestyle marked by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and health. PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, WOS y Scopus were the databases used for this literature review, with these descriptors: “Mormons”, “mormons religion”, “health”. Inclusion criteria were articles with full text available, published between 2005 and 2016, in English or Spanish language. Results show that following the restrictive Mormon doctrine generates beneficial effects for the health. Habits related to toxics and food, as well as social support,...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Application of Ibadah (Worship) in Counseling: Its Importance and Implications to Muslim Clients
This study selects survey research as the method to collect data from clients. A set of questionnaire instruments was constructed and distributed to 30 clients selected through convenience sampling. Data obtained from research questionnaire are then analyzed using descriptive statistical technique. Research outcome finds that application ofibadah is very important in counseling and has four implications for the client: the client is able to control his behavior, gain peace of mind, control his emotions and becomes increasingly diligent inibadah. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Role of Existential Beliefs Within the Relation of Centenarians ’ Health and Well-Being
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to explore the role of existential beliefs in mediating the influence of health on centenarians ’ well-being. A total of 80 centenarians (mean age 101.1; SD = 1.3; 81.3 % women) with no/minor cognitive impairment were included. The OARS questionnaire for diseases and functional capacity (ADL, IADL), the Satisfaction with Life Scale, and the existential beliefs subscale were used for data collection. The findings suggest that existential resources are a crucial element for mitigating the impact of health constraints in subjective well-being in this population. Appro...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

On the Inner Life of Physicians: Analysis of Family Medicine Residents ’ Written Reflections
AbstractThis qualitative study introduces the broad and inclusive concept of the “inner life of physicians” and analyzes the written reflections (N = 756) of family medicine residents (N = 33) during their residency as indicative of the physicians’ inner lives. Residents completed reflective entries without specific prompts. Researchers describe unsolicited emergent categorical themes indicative of a robust inner life of the physician. Nurturing physicians’ inner life through reflection allows physicians to recognize, identify, and respond to daily emotional events. Reflections a...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

“One Big Family”: Pastoral Care and Treatment Seeking in an Egyptian Coptic Church in England
AbstractLittle is known about Coptic migrants ’ chronic disease health beliefs and treatment-seeking behaviours. Interviews to explore these issues and their relationship with church membership were conducted with 15 Coptic migrants in Southern England. Obesity and cardiovascular disease (CVD) were most frequently identified as health risks f or Coptic migrants. CVD was ascribed to stress and considered amenable to spiritual healing. Lay referral to medical practitioners who were church members was common but may devalue perceptions of family medicine. The Coptic Church functions as a community that addresses members...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Relationship Between the Religious Beliefs of the Diabetic Patients and Depression in a Diabetes Clinic in Iran
AbstractNowadays, diabetes is prevalent, and it can leave severe psychotic effects and causes depression; thus, it is necessary to consider effective factors to fight against diabetic patients ’ mental conditions. It seems that the role of religion is significant, and by augmenting religious attitudes, diabetic patient’s depression intensity can be decreased. The purpose of the present study is to examine the relationship between religious beliefs and depression of diabetic patients i n diabetes clinic of Ali Asghar Hospital in Zahedan. This is a descriptive analytical and cross-sectional study. Out of total 35...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

“No More Buzz”: A Qualitative Study of the Current Response to HIV in the Anglican Church in the Western Cape, South Africa
AbstractUsing a triangulation design combining participant observation, survey results, and interviews, this paper studies the current form of the response to HIV in the local Anglican Church in the Western Cape, South Africa. The results show that people are generally aware of HIV. The “buzz” around HIV has, however, subsided. The local church does not directly engage HIV anymore, and HIV is more mentioned than talked about. HIV stigma continues to pose a challenge. To work towards the prevention of HIV, the local church needs to put HIV back on the agenda and continue to spea k about the virus. (Source: Journ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Prospective Associations Among Youth Religiosity and Religious Denomination and Youth Contraception Use
This study prospectively investigates associations among youth religiosity, religious denomination, and contraception use. Associations between youth religiosity and religious denomination, and type of contraceptive used and consistent contraceptive use among sexually active youth (N = 757) were analyzed using multinomial and binomial logistic regression. Identifying with a religious denomination was a predictor of dual contraceptive use relative to using no method of contraception (AOR = 2.17). There was no association between youth religiosity and type of contraceptive us e or contraceptive consistenc...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 14, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Association of Islamic Prayer with Psychological Stability in Bosnian War Veterans
AbstractTo compare the outcomes among war veterans who pray/do not pray and who were not suffering mental disorders after the Bosnia –Herzegovina war (1992–95). The sample consists of 100 healthy Bosnian war veterans divided in two equal groups—one, a highly religious group inside which were individuals who perform five obligatory prayers every day, and another group of individuals who do not practice any daily prayer. We u sed Minnesota Multiphase Personal Inventory (MMPI), Profile Index of Emotions (PIE) and Life Style Questionnaire (LSQ). War veterans who prayed had significantly higher levels for: inc...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 10, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

What Makes You So Sure? Dogmatism, Fundamentalism, Analytic Thinking, Perspective Taking and Moral Concern in the Religious and Nonreligious
AbstractBetter understanding the psychological factors related to certainty in one ’s beliefs (i.e., dogmatism) has important consequences for both individuals and social groups. Generally, beliefs can find support from at least two different routes of information processing: social/moral considerations or analytic/empirical reasoning. Here, we investigate how these two psycholo gical constructs relate to dogmatism in two groups of individuals who preferentially draw on the former or latter sort of information when forming beliefs about the world—religious and nonreligious individuals. Across two studies and th...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 10, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Role of Leadership Support in a Church-Based Cancer Education Implementation Study
We examined church leaders’ support—as perceived by lay community health advisor (CHA) interventionists—and implementation outcomes in a cancer early detection trial. CHAs perceived that their pastors: helped promote the intervention (M = 3.1/4, SD 1.2) and attended about half (M = 1.6/3, SD 1.3) the workshops. CHAs used marginally more techniques to recruit members when they perceived pastors were engaged in promoting the program (rs = .44,p = .08). Pastor attendance was positively associated with member enrollment (rs = .50,p 
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 9, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

“Solitude, Religious and Cultural Uniqueness in a Foreign Environment: Adjustments as an Arab Student” for Your Consideration to be Published in Your Journal
This study explored how Arab-Muslim International Students live and cope in a non-Arab, non-Muslim country. The authors used phenomenological approach with Colaizzi ’s method of analysis to (1) explore the lived experience of the Arab students’ academic and social life and (2) come up with recommendations that can be supported by universities in Philippines and other countries with Arab students. Emergent themes include Hybrid vision and empowerment from ed ucation beyond borders “Tatallo at wa kudurat,” Stigma in the Arab world “Hallah,” Islam as way of life “Al Islam: Manhaj Hayy...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 9, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Predictors of Diabetes Fatalism Among Arabs: A Cross-Sectional Study of Lebanese Adults with Type 2 Diabetes
AbstractFatalism is a grounded cultural belief that is common among Arabs and is known to hinder self-care in chronic diseases including diabetes (Nabolsi and Carson in Scand J Caring Sci 25(4):716 –724,2011). The purpose of this study is to identify predictors of diabetes fatalism in this population. Data on 280 Lebanese patients with type 2 diabetes (mean age 58.24  ± 13.48 years; mean HbA1c 7.90 ± 1.90%; 53.76% females) recruited from one hospital in greater Beirut, Lebanon, and from the community using snowballing technique were examined. Multiple linear regression was used ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 8, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Ritual Participation, Sense of Community, and Social Well-Being: A Study of Seva in the Sikh Community
AbstractThe study examined the impact of frequency of ritual participation on sense of community and social well-being of a minority community in India, the Sikhs. We looked at a unique ritualistic practice of the Sikhs,seva. Rituals are known to contribute toward social solidarity and cohesion as well as physical and mental well-being. In particular for a minority community, rituals help group members establish and maintain strong community networks and a unique group identity. A total of 156 members of the Sikh community (85 males; 71 females) participated in the study. Frequency of ritual participation was positively re...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 2, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The unconscious roots of creativity
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 2, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

An Age –Period–Cohort Analysis of Religious Involvement and Adult Self-Rated Health: Results from the USA, 1972–2008
This study conducts an age, period, cohort analysis of how religious involvement affects adult health across the life course and over time in the USA. Cross-classified random-effect models are used to examine data drawn from the General Social Survey, 1972 –2008. The research shows clear life course patterns, time trends and birth cohort changes in the religious involvement and health relationship with period effects surpassing cohort effects. For the most part, the results show a loss of advantage in health with age for those who are more involved in religion. Period effects are mainly demonstrated by an overall dow...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 19, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religious Belief and Mental Health in Lay and Consecrated Italian Teachers
This study aimed to compare the rate of job strain and burnout among lay and consecrated teachers and to study the effect of religious coping on the mental health of these two groups. A cross-sectional survey study was carried out in Catholic kindergarten, preschool and primary schools of an Italian Congregation of nuns, in South Italy. The Italian versions of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Educator Survey (MBI-ES) scale, of the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) and a study-specific questionnaire with sociodemographic variables and indicators of subjective (self-reported religiosity) and objective (prayer personal and c...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 19, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religion and Public Health: Moral Tradition as Both Problem and Solution
This article suggests a need for religious traditions to consider their moral traditions anew with an eye toward prevention and population health. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 19, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Lower Cancer Rates Among Druze Compared to Arab and Jewish Populations in Israel, 1999 –2009
AbstractThe Druze are a small ethnic minority in Israel amounting to about 130,000 residents (or 1.7  % of the total population of the country). Unlike other population groups, the Druze strive to keep their own traditions and marry mainly inside their own community. During the last decade, cancer morbidity among both Jews and Arabs in Israel has been increasing, while data on the Druze are little known and have not been analyzed and compared to other population groups to date. To compare cancer morbidity rates among Druze, Arabs and Jews in Israel during 1999–2009, gender-specific and age-standardized incidence...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 19, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Study of Spiritual Intelligence and Adjustment Among Arts and Science College Students
AbstractA study to evaluate the relationship between the spiritual intelligence and adjustment among the college students was conducted on a sample of 250 students in six various colleges of Tuticorin district, Tamil Nadu, India. Gender, religion, community, major subject, educational qualification of father and mother, student locality, college type, father and mother ’s occupation and monthly family income (n = 11 variables) were chosen for the study. Test of significance for spiritual intelligence and adjustment was studied and found them nonsignificant except student locality, found to be significant. T...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 19, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Burst Out of the Dead Land by the Help of Spirituality: A Case Study of Living with Blindness and Cancer
AbstractBlindness is one of the most complex problems related to health throughout the world. The condition is worse when such stress is accompanied with cancer. The aim of this case study was to introduce a patient with both these conditions who could come over her problems well. A phenomenological hermeneutic approach influenced by Ricoeur was used to explore the experience of the patient. Data were collected through unstructured and deep interview and by checking patient medical records. The patient is an Iranian 58-year-old teacher residing in Kerman who became blind at age 32 due to bloodshed inside the eye and was af...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 19, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Validation of Brief Multidimensional Spirituality/Religiousness Inventory (BMMRS) in Italian Adult Participants and in Participants with Medical Diseases
This study aimed at assessing the reliability and construct validity of Brief Multidimensional Measure of Religiousness/Spirituality (BMMRS) on Italian sample. Sample: 353 Italian participants: 58.9% affected by different diseases and 41.1% healthy subjects. The results of descriptive statistics of internal consistency reliabilities (Chronbach ’s coefficient) of the BMMRS revealed a remarkable consistency and reliability of different scales DSE, SpC, SC, CSC, VB, SPY-WELL and a good Inter-Class Correlations ≥70 maintaining a good stability of the measures over the time. BMMRS is a useful inventory for the evaluati...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 19, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Trust-in-God, Positive and Negative Affect, and Hope
Abstract We aimed to test the relationships between Trust-in-God, positive and negative affect, and feelings of hope. A sample of university students (N = 282, 50 % female) completed the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule, the Adult Dispositional Hope Scale, and a Persian measure of Trust-in-God for Muslims. The results of a series of hierarchical regression analyses indicated that Trust-in-God was positively associated with participants’ s cores for hope and positive affect but was negatively associated with their scores for negative affect. The results support the relationship between Trust-in-G...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 19, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Miraculous Meaning: Threatened Meaning Increases Belief in Miracles
AbstractFor many, religious belief is a source of meaning and a resource for coping with life stressors that have the potential to undercut meaning. In the present study, we sought to further probe the connection between religion and meaning by focusing on the potential for threatened meaning to inspire belief in miraculous testimonials. We threatened meaning with a meaninglessness manipulation and then had participants read testimonials in which people described miraculous experiences involving supernatural agents and rate the extent to which they believed these testimonials to be credible and true. Meaning threat, relati...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 19, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spirituality Moderates Hopelessness, Depression, and Suicidal Behavior among Malaysian Adolescents
AbstractSuicide is an important public health problem for adolescents, and it is essential to increase our knowledge concerning the etiology of suicide among adolescent students. Therefore, this study was designed to examine the associations between hopelessness, depression, spirituality, and suicidal behavior, and to examine spirituality as a moderator between hopelessness, depression, and suicidal behavior among 1376 Malaysian adolescent students. The participants completed measures of depression, hopelessness, daily spiritual experience, and suicidal behavior. Structural equation modeling indicated that adolescent stude...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 19, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Turkish Imams ’ Experience with and Their Attitudes Toward Suicide and Suicidal Persons
This study investigated the experience with and attitudes toward suicide and suicidality in 70 consenting imams serving in mosques in the province of Aydin which is located at the southwest part of Turkey. A self-report questionnaire was used to collect the data. Attitudes of imams to suicide and suicidality were compared with attitudes of male university students. Only 4 imams (5.7  %) reported having had suicidal thoughts in past, and none reported having attempted suicide. Almost 50 % said that someone in communities they serve has commited suicide and nearly 40 % reported leading funeral ceremony for som...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 19, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Protective Role of Spirituality from the Perspective of Indian College Students with Suicidal Ideation: “I am here Because God Exists”
AbstractSpiritual beliefs are found to be having a significant effect during times of struggles and trials in peoples ’ lives. India being a multi-religious society, it is imperative to establish the relevance of spirituality in the lives of the college students with suicidal ideation. The current study therefore utilized focus group methodology to explore the Indian female college students’ perceptions on the protective role of spirituality as a factor contributing to their positive adaptation in times of adversity. Twenty students participated in the discussion. The results interestingly surfaced themes suppo...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 19, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Influence of Skill Development Training Program for Spiritual Care of Elderly Individual on Elderly Care Technician Students ’ Perception of Spiritual Support
This study was conducted in order to examine the influence of “Skill Development Training Program for Spiritual Care of Elderly Individual,” which was carried out with students from elderly care program, on the perception of spirituality support in a pretest–posttest quasi-experimental study design with control group. As the data collection form, “Spir itual Support Perception” (SSP) scale was used. The mean scores of the intervention group after the training and after one month are 50.39 ± 5.34 and 51.13 ± 4.98, respectively, and those of the control group ar...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 19, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Ministry-Related Burnout and Stress Coping Mechanisms Among Assemblies of God -Ordained Clergy in Minnesota
This study assessed occupational burnout and stress coping mechanisms among ministers affiliated with theAssemblies of God, a denomination that has received little attention in previous burnout-related studies. A cross-sectional design was employed using two instruments with acceptable psychometric properties. Approximately 65  % of those surveyed were either suffering from burnout or on the verge of burnout. Statistical differences in coping mechanism use were found between those who were and were not experiencing some level of burnout. The results of this study add to the existing understanding of occupational burno...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 19, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

An Exploration of the Associations Among Multiple Aspects of Religiousness, Body Image, Eating Pathology, and Appearance Investment
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of positive and negative aspects of religiousness on eating pathology, body satisfaction, and appearance investment beyond previously established variables (age, BMI, exercise frequency, weight stability, and self-esteem). Data collected from 168 adult females at a Catholic-affiliated university were analyzed using hierarchical linear regressions. As expected, some religiousness variables (spirituality and seeing one ’s body as having sacred qualities) were associated with eating pathology, body satisfaction, and appearance investment in potentially b...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 26, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Prevalence and Nature of Spiritual Distress Among Palliative Care Patients in India
This study describes the prevalence and nature of spiritual distress among Indian palliative care patients. Data from 300 adult cancer patients who had completed a questionnaire with 36 spirituality items were analyzed. Spirituality was shaped by the Indian religious and economic context. A latent class analysis resulted in three clusters: trustful patients (46.4  %), spiritually distressed patients (17.4 %), and patients clinging to divine support (36.2 %). After regression, the clusters were found to be associated with pain scores (p 
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 22, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Commitment to Celibacy in German Catholic Priests: Its Relation to Religious Practices, Psychosomatic Health and Psychosocial Resources
AbstractWe aimed to investigate Catholic priests ’ commitment to celibacy and its relation to their religious practices, life and work satisfaction, and psychosomatic health. Results of our cross-sectional study of 2549 priests show that the majority finds living in celibacy helpful to minister more effectively. Nevertheless, a large proportion see it as a burden and would not choose celibate life again. Commitment to celibacy was predicted best by the frequency of religious practices (liturgy), work engagement and personal relation with God, explaining 39 % of variance. These resources are predictors for mainta...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 22, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Barriers to Cancer Clinical Trial Participation Among Saudi Nationals: A Cross-Sectional Study
This study aims to determine the factors that act as barriers to Saudi cancer patients in participating in a clinical trial (CT). A total of 244 patients from two different tertiary level hospitals (King Khalid University Hospital and King Fahad Medical City Hospital) in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, participated in this cross-sectional study. The participants were interviewed by a trained researcher between September and November 2015. All respondents answered a three-part questionnaire which includes demographics, clinical information, and questions related to awareness of CTs, willingness to participate, and factors affecting p...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 22, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Validation of the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy —Spiritual Well-being (FACIT-Sp12) on French Old People
In conclusion, the validated French version is an suitable instrument to study the maintenance and promotion of quality of life in the elderly. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 22, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

An Examination of Personal Health Promotion and Curricular Coverage of Health at US Seminary Schools
This study provides insight into h ow seminary schools are training future generations of clergy on health-related topics. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 22, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religious and Psychological Implications of Positive and Negative Religious Coping in Iran
This study examined the religious and psychological implications of religious coping in Iran. University students (N = 224) responded to the Brief Positive and Negative Religious Coping Scales along with measures of Religious Orientation, Integrative Self-Knowledge, Self-Control, Mindfulness, Self-Compassion, Self-Esteem, Guilt, Shame, and Self-Criticism. As in previous research elsewhere, Positive Religious Co ping was stronger on average than Negative Religious Coping, and Positive and Negative Religious Coping predicted adjustment and maladjustment, respectively, In addition, this study demonstrated that direc...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 22, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Muslim Scholars ’ Knowledge, Attitudes and Perceived Barriers Towards Polio Immunization in Pakistan
The objective of this study was to assess knowledge, attitudes and perceived barriers of Muslim scholars towards polio immunization in Pakistan. A descriptive, cross-sectional survey of Muslim scholars was conducted in Quetta and Peshawar divisions of Pakistan. From October to December 2015, a convenience sample of 770 Muslim scholars was recruited from the local mosques and religious institutions to participate in this study. Knowledge, attitudes, and perceived barriers were assessed by using self-administered, anonymous and pretested questionnaire. Descriptive and regression analyses were used to express the results withp 
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 22, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Sense of Coherence (SOC) in Christian Orthodox Monks and Nuns in Greece
AbstractThis paper aims to investigate the stress management skills of Christian Orthodox monks and nuns, as measured by Antonovsky ’s scale sense of coherence (SOC). A case–control study was designed to test the hypotheses whether monks and nuns have higher SOC than secular people. The study population consisted of 193 individuals, 96 monks and nuns (study group) and 97 secular men and women (control group). SOC score was h igher in monks and nuns as compared to the secular population (p = 0.002), men as compared to women (p = 0.012) and persons of older age (p = 0.004) as compare...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 22, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spiritual Care Therapy on Quality of Life in Cancer Patients and Their Caregivers: A Prospective Non-randomized Single-Cohort Study
AbstractSpiritual care is still in infancy stage all over the globe including India. The present study was an original study evaluating the role of spiritual care in cancer patients and their primary caregivers regarding their spiritual and general well-being. The study was a prospective, non-randomized single-group study involving cancer patients undergoing surgery and their primary caregivers. Functional assessment of cancer therapy —general and functional assessment of chronic illness therapy-spiritual care was evaluated during the admission and at the time of discharge, two, four  and 6 months following...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 22, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Further Exploring the Link Between Religion and Existential Health: The Effects of Religiosity and Trait Differences in Mentalizing on Indicators of Meaning in Life
We examined how religiosity and trait differences in mentalizing interact to influence meaning. We hypothesized that people who are most cognitively inclined toward religion (high mentalizers) receive the greatest existential benefits (i.e., high and secure meaning) from religiosity. We assessed individual differences in mentalizing and religiosity, and measured indicators of meaning. Results confirmed that the combination of high mentalizing and high religiosity corresponded to the highest levels of existential health. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 22, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Effect of Religiosity on Voice
AbstractThe aim of this study was to examine the relationship between religiosity and phonatory behavior. A total of 186 participants participated in a survey that included four sections: demographic data, extent of religiosity, history of dysphonia, phonatory behavior and laryngeal manipulation, in addition to the Voice Handicap Index (VHI-10). There was no significant association between the prevalence of phonatory symptoms and any of the religiosity questions. There was no significant association between phonatory behavior, history of laryngeal manipulation and any of the religiosity questions. There was also no signifi...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 22, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research