Reconnecting to Spirituality: Christian-Identified Adolescents and Emerging Adult Young Men ’s Journey from Diagnosis of HIV to Coping
This study revealed that, to cope with HIV health issues, participants used a process of reconnecting with their spirituality. In order to successfully reconnect with their spirituality, study participants reported a need to re-embrace and re-engage in spiritual practices, hold onto hope, believe they are normal, and commit to beliefs and practices despite rejection from the church. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 13, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

“For They Knew Not What It Was”: Rethinking the Tacit Narrative History of Religion and Health Research
AbstractOver the past couple of decades, research on religion and health has grown into a thriving field. Misperceptions about the history and scope of this field, however, continue to exist, especially among new investigators and commentators on this research. Contrary to the tacit narrative, published research and writing date to the nineteenth century, programmatic research to the 1950s, and NIH funding to 1990; elite medical journals have embraced this topic for over 100  years; study populations are religiously and sociodemographically diverse; and published findings are mostly positive, consistent with psychosoc...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 13, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Perceived Spirituality, Mindfulness and Quality of Life in Psychiatric Patients
AbstractThere is some evidence of the relationship between spirituality and quality of life, but there are few bibliographic references on these constructs for patients suffering from mental illness; thus, this study was aimed at revealing the possible role of spiritual outlooks as a protective factor in these individuals. The sample consisted of 96 Portuguese psychiatric patients, selected from a psychiatric hospital and assessed based on parameters for quality of life, spirituality and mindfulness. The data support some theories about the nature of the spirituality. Spiritual beliefs are poorly correlated with the qualit...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 13, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religious Involvement and Depression: The Mediating Effect of Relational Spirituality
AbstractMultiple studies have examined the relationship between religious involvement and depression. Many of these investigations reveal a negative correlation between these constructs. Several others yield either no association or a positive correlation. In this article, we discuss possible explanations for these discrepant findings. We investigate the degree to which relational spirituality factors mediate the relationship between religious involvement and depression in a sample of graduate students. Results indicated that spiritual instability and disappointment in God were distinct predictors of depression over and ab...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 9, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Younger African American Adults ’ Use of Religious Songs to Manage Stressful Life Events
AbstractThe aim of this study was to explore the use of religious songs in response to stressful life events among young African American adults. Fifty-five young African American adults aged 18 –49 participated in a qualitative study involving criterion sampling and open-ended interviews. Data analysis included content analysis and descriptive statistics. Stressful life events were related to work or school; caregiving and death of a family member; and relationships. Religious songs repr esented five categories: Instructive, Communication with God, Thanksgiving and Praise, Memory of Forefathers, and Life after Death...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 9, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The IRB as Research Subject
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 9, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Effect of Holy Qur ’an Recitation on Depressive Symptoms in Hemodialysis Patients: A Randomized Clinical Trial
AbstractPatients with advanced renal failure often face considerable sociopsychological stress as a result of lifestyle changes due to the disease and its treatment. The aim of the present study is to examine the effect of the Holy Qur ’an recitation on depressive symptoms in hemodialysis patients. In this clinical trial, 54 hemodialysis patients were randomized to either an experimental (n = 27) or a control (n = 27) group. Patients completed the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) at baseline and at 1 month after the intervention. Participants in the experimental group listened to recitat...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 9, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Knees Shaking Uncontrollably
AbstractA prose poem about the power of intergenerational psychological and spiritual healing. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 9, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Does Self-Compassion Predict Spiritual Experiences of Turkish University Students?
In this study, the self-compassion scale and the spiritual experiences scale were used. Self-kindness, common humanity, and mindfulness factors of self-compassion were found positively, and self-judgment, isolation, and over-identification factors of self-compassion were found negatively related to spiritual experiences. According to regression results, spiritual experiences were predicted negatively by self-judgment and over-identification. Further common humanity predicted spiritual experiences in a positive way. Self-compassion has explained 21  % of the variance in spiritual experiences. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 9, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

A 15-Year Review of Trends in Representation of Female Subjects in Islamic Bioethics Research
AbstractGender representation in Islamic bioethics research in the twenty-first century has not been studied. To study temporal trends in representation of female subjects in Islamic bioethics research, PubMed-listed publications on Islamic bioethics from years 2000 to 2014 were reviewed for gender participation in human subjects ’ research. There were temporal trends of increasing publications of Islamic bioethics-related human subjects’ research (64 papers over 15 years;R2 = 0.72;p 
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 9, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Evaluation of HeartSmarts, a Faith-Based Cardiovascular Health Education Program
Abstract In order to effectively address cardiovascular disease among African Americans, evidence-based health information must be disseminated within a context aligned with the values and beliefs of the population. Faith-based organizations play a critical role in meeting the religious and spiritual needs of many African Americans. Additionally, faith-based organizations can be effective in health promotion. A manual was created by incorporating biblical scriptures relating to health messages drawn from existing health manuals oriented toward African Americans. Lay health educators active in their churches participated ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 9, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Study of Human Biochemical Parameters During and After Ramadan
This study aims to analyze the changes in body weight, glucose and lipid profile during Ramadan in physiotherapy students in Pakistan. The study was conducted during June –July 2013 (Hijri year 1434). There were 80 students (50 males and 30 females) recruited in the experiment. They all were healthy adults between the age group of 18–24 (mean age 20.5) years. All subjects underwent a general physical examination and interview, and non-healthy subjects were exclud ed. On statistical analysis, quantitative data were expressed in terms of mean ± SD and ap value of ≤0.05 was believed statically ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 9, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Faith Moves Mountains —Mountains Move Faith: Two Opposite Epidemiological Forces in Research on Religion and Health
AbstractResearch suggests opposite epidemiological forces in religion and health: (1). Faith seems to move mountains in the sense that religion is associated with positive health outcomes. (2). Mountains of bad health seem to move faith. We reflected on these forces in a population of 3000 young Danish twins in which all religiosity measures were associated with severe disease. We believe the reason for this novel finding is that the sample presents as a particularly secular population-based study and that the second epidemiological force has gained the upper hand in this sample. We suggest that all cross-sectional researc...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 9, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Self-Preservation in Both Sides: Pathology of Spiritual Care in Iran
Abstract The aim of this study was to create a deeper understanding of the variables that may restrain or progress spiritual care in Iran. This manuscript provides an in-depth description of barriers to delivering spiritual care by nurses as well as patients ’ compensatory mechanisms against deprivation from spiritual care termed “self-preservation in both sides” emerged from an empirical study. It brings issues such as structural, hierarchical, social and personal concerns, which may prevent advancing spirituality within health care, to light. Th irty-five participants, nurses (n = 10), patie...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 9, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Assessment of Health-Related Quality of Life Among Caregivers of Patients with Cancer Diagnosis: A Cross-Sectional Study in Saudi Arabia
AbstractA descriptive cross-sectional survey was conducted over 5  months in two tertiary hospitals in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The 5-month period was from November 2014 to March 2015. The survey instrument used was a Short-Form Health Survey SF-36 (the RAND 36-item) questionnaire that measure QOL of the caregivers. Our study subjects included 289 randomly selected Saudi caregivers. Almost all the mean scores were increased (higher than 50) with the exception of levels of energy/fatigue. Role functioning/physical scored the highest (81.02 ± 35.33) followed by physical functioning (76.34 ±&nbs...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 9, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Psychospiritual Resiliency: Enhancing Mental Health and Ecclesiastical Collaboration in Caring for Those Experiencing Dissociative Phenomena
AbstractTrauma can oftentimes be a catalyst for changes in an individual ’s religious and spiritual beliefs. Beliefs about the cause of the trauma, for instance, may include attributions of possessing spirits, and are to be found in an increasingly pluralistic and multicultural society. Such preternatural explanations may be referred to as dissociative identity disorde r, possession form. Unwittingly, an overreliance on neurobiological explanations and relegation of cultural idioms of distress may diminish effective collaboration with ecclesiastical authorities. Concomitantly, ecclesiastical experts are confronted wi...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 9, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Reliability and Validity of the Spiritual Care-Giving Scale in a Turkish Population
This study aimed to adapt an English version of the survey tool Spiritual Care-Giving Scale for Turkish students and to evaluate its psychometric properties. Spiritual care is a central element of holistic nursing, but is not often made explicit in the theoretical and practical components of preregistration nursing programs. A composite scale will assist in identifying students ’ perceptions and issues to be addressed in curricula and practice settings in Turkey. The scale was composed of 35 items and five subscales. Cronbach’s α reliability coefficient was .96, and item–total point correlations wer...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 9, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Taha Jabir Al- ‘Alwani: A Study of His Views on Ethics of Disagreement in Islam
AbstractThis paper is an attempt to provide its readers/listeners the views of Taha Jabir Al- ‘Alwani on Ethics of Disagreement in Islam. Taha Jabir Al-‘Alwani is one of the renowned scholars and reformists of the contemporary Muslim world. He presented in terms of views on the ethics of disagreement in Islam, an explanation of the etiquette envisioned by Islam for all those engaged in d iscourse and intellectual dialogue, and he also exposes a higher number of principles and purposes of the Shariah which provide Muslims with perspectives far vaster than those afforded by pedantic debate over points of law and ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 9, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Erratum to: Refusal of Medical Blood Transfusions Among Jehovah ’s Witnesses: Emotion Regulation of the Dissonance of Saving and Sacrificing Life
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 9, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Was Hawan Designed to Fight Anxiety-Scientific Evidences?
AbstractAnxiety is a psychiatric disorder with unknown neurobiology; however, neurotransmitters like gamma-amino butyric acid, norepinephrine and serotonin (5-HT) play crucial roles in mediating anxiety. Present drug modules pose dependence risk to the patient; hence, there is a great need to develop complementary therapies to fight this disorder. Aromatherapy has also been employed in ancient times for a number of mental disorders.Mahamrituanjay Mantra,Om triambkum yajamahe,sughandhim puushtivardhanam,urvarukmev vandhanaat,mrityu mokshay mamritaat!!!!, the part ofveda enlightens that aroma gives rise to good health (sugha...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 6, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Role of the Penteco/Charismatic Clergy in the Political Health Development in Ghana
AbstractSeveral countries in Africa are perpetually linked to an inexpungable history of cyclical ethnic conflicts, violence and coup d ’état which culminated in the untimely death of many, others severely wounded and many left in a hopeless situation. The paper discusses in-depth, the role and functions of the clergy (ministers of religion) in the political health development in Ghana. The rationale is that the clergy’s esteem ed status among the church members and the society as a whole could impact positively on the lives of the people in the society, and for that matter, they are expected to speak to...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 4, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Psychometric Evaluation of the Filipino Versions of the Duke University Religion Index and the Spiritual Coping Strategies Scale in Filipino Hemodialysis Patients
This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the Filipino versions of the Duke University Religion Index (DUREL-F) and the Spiritual Coping Strategies scale (SCS-F) for hemodialysis (HD) patients in the Philippines. A convenient sample of 162 HD patients was included in this descriptive, cross-sectional study. The DUREL-F and SCS-F exhibited acceptable internal consistency and stability reliability, as well as excellent content and construct validity. The findings confirmed the soundness of the psychometric properties of the two scales. Thus, they can be used for timely and accurate assessment of religiosity and spi...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 4, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Association Between Muslim Religiosity and Young Adult College Students ’ Depression, Anxiety, and Stress
This study proposed to analyze the role of Muslim religiosity in male students showing these mental indications. A sample including 723 Pakistani young adults enrolled at college level was randomly chosen. Muslim Religiosity Measurement Scale and Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale were utilized to gather information. Discoveries uncover an inverse relationship between conduct and affiliation with the symptoms of mental disorders, anxiety and stress among the respondents. Results bolster the incorporation of religious dimensions in psychological wellness and mental well-being thought of young adults in Pakistan. (Source: ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 3, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Relationships Between Spiritual Well-Being, Quality of Life, and Psychological Factors Before Radiotherapy for Prostate Cancer
AbstractGiven shifting trends of religious identities in the USA, better understanding the impact of patients ’ religious identities on health-related quality of life (QOL) may help tailor the use of psychological interventions. Men with prostate cancer (N = 43) completed measures of quality of life (QOL), spiritual well-being in two domains (i.e., Faith and Meaning/Peace), psychological state, and psychological trait before undergoing radiotherapy. We hypothesized that (1) higher existential Meaning/Peace would correlate with higher QOL and psycho logical trait protective factors (e.g., Agreeableness) and ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 30, 2016 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Knowledge and Attitudes of the Faculty of Theology Students on Organ Transplantation
The objective in this study is to determine the knowledge and attitudes of the Faculty of Theology students on organ transplantation. The study that was planned as a descriptive study took place between March –May 2014 with the participation of 119 students enrolled at the Faculty of Theology. It was determined as a result of the study that the students see lack of knowledge (49.6%) as the top obstacle for organ transplantation followed by religion (21%), that 52.1% accept that organ transplantation is not forbidden in Islam; that 27.7% agree with the thought that considers it disturbing and unnerving to carry an org...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 29, 2016 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Reflections on Cultural Preferences and Internal Medicine: The Case of Jehovah ’s Witnesses and the Changing Thresholds for Blood Transfusions
This article will further discuss these current trends. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 29, 2016 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religiosity, Marital Quality and Couple Generativity in Italian Couples Belonging to a Catholic Spiritual Association: A Quali-Quantitative Study
AbstractThe current studies aimed, firstly, at exploring the relationship between the level of religiosity and marital outcomes, in terms of relationship quality and couple generativity; secondly, at gaining insight into which strategies the couples use to ensure their marital quality/couple generativity, and understanding if religious practices have a positive influence on the development of such strategies. The studies focused on a specific aspect of religiosity, that is the active involvement in a Catholic association, and compared couples with a high level of religious involvement (HRI) belonging to a Catholic internat...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 28, 2016 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Psychometric Properties of the Persian Version of the God Locus of Health Control (GLHC): A Study on Muslim Pilgrims
AbstractGod Locus of Health Control (GHLC) scale is an instrument for assessing to what extent one believes that God controls his/her health or disease. The aim of this study was to describe the cultural adaptation of this scale and to investigate the psychometric properties of Persian version. At first, the scale was forward-translated to Persian, and then, backward-translation was conducted. Finally, the synthesized back-translated version was prepared and compared to the draft Persian-language version of the GLHC. In the next step, in order to test cognitive debriefing, the Persian-language version of the questionnaire ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 28, 2016 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Volunteer Work, Religious Commitment, and Resting Pulse Rates
Abstract Research indicates that greater involvement in volunteer activities is associated with better health. We aim to contribute to this literature in two ways. First, rather than rely on self-reports of health, measured resting pulse rates serve as the dependent variable. Second, an effort is made to see if religious commitment moderates the relationship between volunteering and resting pulse rates. Data that come from a recent nationwide survey (N = 2265) suggest that volunteer work is associated with lower resting pulse rates. The results also reveal that the relationship between engaging in volunteer wor...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 27, 2016 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Sex-Specific Impact of Spiritual Beliefs and Sleep Quality on Degree of Psychological Distress
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to test a set of hypotheses suggesting sleep quality and spiritual beliefs differed according to degree of psychological distress and biological sex. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index measured sleep quality, the Beliefs and Values Scale measured spiritual beliefs, and the Kessler-6 Psychological Distress Scale measured distress. A factorial MANOVA tested the model. Higher sleep quality and greater spiritual beliefs were associated with lower levels of distress. Women exhibited lower sleep quality than men, whereas spiritual beliefs were equivalent between sexes. To decrease psychologi...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 27, 2016 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Role of Religiosity in Psychological Well-Being Among Medical and Non-medical Students
AbstractReligion has been generally considered as a protective factor for the psychological health of the people. As many studies have publicized a high prevalence of psychological morbidities among the medical students during their academic stages of medical schools, it is significant to investigate whether religiosity functions as a protective factor, to explore religiosity as a predictor of psychological well-being in a sample of medical students, and to compare the results of medical students as well as non-medical students with respect to religiosity and psychological well-being. The study is carried out in Federal Me...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 27, 2016 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religiosity: Its Impact on Coping Styles Among Women Undergoing Fertility Treatment
This study examined the relations between coping strategies and level of religiosity in 159 women undergoing infertility treatment. Statistically significant relations were found between the problem-solving coping style and religious observance (p 
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 26, 2016 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Differential Effects of Family Structure on Religion and Spirituality of Emerging Adult Males and Females
This study examined measures of religion and spirituality in a sample of male and female emerging adult college students whose parents were either divorced or intact using the Personal Religious Inventory, the Duke University Religion Index, the Daily Spiritual Experiences Scale, the Spiritual Transcendence Scale, and the Spiritual Involvement and Beliefs Scale. Data were collected online, and 66% of participants received extra credit for participating. A main effect of sex was found, as females reported significantly higher scores than men on all but one measure of religion and spirituality, and the dataset was separated ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 23, 2016 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Suicidal Behavior in Iran: What Should Be Done?
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 23, 2016 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religion, Alcohol Use and Risk Drinking Among Canadian Adults Living in Ontario
AbstractThis research examines (1) the association between risk drinking and religious affiliation and (2) differences between religions for risk drinking among adults living in Ontario, Canada, for Christians, Buddhists, Sikhs, Muslims, Hindus, Jews, other religious groups and the non-religious. Data are based on telephone interviews with 16,596 respondents and are derived from multiple cycles (2005 –2011) of the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health’s (CAMH) Monitor survey, an ongoing cross-sectional survey of adults in Ontario, Canada, aged 18 years and older. Data were analysed using bivariate cross-t...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 19, 2016 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Religion and Risky Behaviors Among Iranian University Students
This study found that students who engaged more often in organized religious activities and had higher intrinsic religiosity were less likely to engage in risky behaviors such as sexual risk taking, careless driving, violenc e, smoking, along with alcohol and drug abuse. Participants with higher involvement in private religious activities reported lower tendencies for the above-mentioned risky behaviors, except sexual risk taking. The findings of this study indicate that the different dimensions of religiousness are rel ated to students’ tendency to avoid risky behavior. Thus, it appears that religion may have a role...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 18, 2016 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Divine Emotions: On the Link Between Emotional Intelligence and Religious Belief
AbstractThere have been only few attempts to explore the relationship between emotional intelligence (EI) and religiosity.  However, none of them included measures of ability EI. In two studies, we investigated the potential associations between various aspects of religious belief and ability and trait EI. In Study 1 (N = 240), we found that ability EI was positively associated with general level of religious belief. Study 2, conducted among Polish Christians (N = 159), replicated the previous result on the connection between ability EI and religion. Moreover, both trait and ability EI were negativ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 2, 2016 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Relationship Between Religious Belief and Happiness: A Systematic Literature Review
This study analyses the studies conducted in last two decades toward understanding  the relationship between religiousness and happiness. These studies have been organised in terms of the religions, geographic locations, scales and significance. The study shows that the claim has proven to be true by a vast majority of the surveys irrespective of religion, gender, nationality or race. Although Muslims seems to be the happiest, it requires further verification. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 1, 2016 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Enhancing Sense of Coherence and Mindfulness in an Ecclesiastical, Intercultural Group Training Context
AbstractSense of coherence (SOC) and mindfulness (MI) are believed to promote the health and well-being of individuals and organisations. The aim of this longitudinal study was to contribute to the literature on the development of SOC through training and interventions and thereby explore the development of these constructs in a group of senior professionals in the German Catholic Church. A sample of eight participants voluntarily enrolled for a 12-day training programme spread over a period of nine months to develop intercultural and inter-religious competencies, SOC and MI. Quantitative scores of the pre- and post-test S...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - September 21, 2016 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Well-Being and Wellness in the Twenty-First Century: A Theanthropocosmic Approach
AbstractIn this paper, clarification and definition of the concept well-being of human beings are reflected upon from a faith perspective. The author will define well-being and wellness within the following conceptual definitions: firstly, well-being and wellness will be defined in term of African-Christian approach (the interconnectedness of God-human-and-world approach). Secondly, the author will focus on differentiation of well-being and wellness in a human being. Thirdly, the focal point will be on the mixing of holistic, dualist and triadic approaches to define well-being. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - September 21, 2016 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Opinions of Social Workers in Turkey About the Principles on Die with Dignity
This study is planned to learn the opinions of Social Workers in Turkey on “Principles of a good death.” The results of this study reveal that social workers in Turkey agree with principles of a good death in general. The degree of support for some specific principles changes by the sex and age of the participants. Despite the significant support given to principles by social workers, majority of them do not think that these principles are currently followed in medical and care institutions in Turkey. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - September 21, 2016 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

A Synthesis of Spiritual Intelligence Themes from Islamic and Western Philosophical Perspectives
Abstract Spiritual intelligence is an emerging term that is widely discussed and accepted as one of the main components that addresses and solves many life problems. Nonetheless there is no specific study being done to synthesize the spiritual intelligence themes from Western and Islamic philosophical perspectives. This research aimed to identify common spiritual intelligence themes from these two perspectives and elucidated its contents by the view of two well-known Islamic scholars; al-Ghazali and Hasan Langgulung. Seven spiritual intelligence themes were identified through thematic analysis; meaning/purpose of life, c...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - September 21, 2016 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Differential Associations of Religious Involvement with the Mental Health of Asian-American Subgroups: A Cultural Perspective
AbstractIn the USA, Asian-Americans (AA) constitute the fastest growing ethnic minority group, in which heterogeneous religious patterns and acculturation experiences can impose significant impacts on their mental health. Using national data, the present study examined the contributions of religious involvement and social support to self-rated mental health (SRMH) of Chinese, Vietnamese, and Filipinos. Findings demonstrated cross-group variations, with Filipinos reporting the highest levels of SRMH, acculturation, and discrimination. However, religious involvement was associated with better SRMH in the least religious Chin...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - September 21, 2016 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Temple or Prison: Religious Beliefs and Attitudes Toward the Body
This study examined how both radically dualistic and sanctified views of the body relate to attitudes people hold about their bodies including body appreciation and two components of body objectification: self-surveillance and body shame. To date, none of these attitudes have been examin ed in relation to specific, nuanced religious beliefs about the body. Participants were 243 adults from a variety of Protestant denominations. Using an online survey system and self-report measures, participants indicated the degree to which they hold radically dualistic and sanctified views about t heir bodies as well as their attitudes t...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - September 21, 2016 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Exploring Existential Coping Resources: The Perspective of Koreans with Cancer
AbstractThe present study aimed to explore the use of meaning-making coping (existential, spiritual, and religious coping) among cancer patients in Korea and to investigate the impact of culture on their choice of coping methods. Thirty-three participants with various kinds of cancer were interviewed. Four different kinds of coping resources emerged from analyses of the interview transcripts: (1) belief in the healing power of nature; (2) mind –body connection; (3) relying on transcendent power; and (4) finding oneself in relationships with others. The findings of this study suggest the importance of investigating cu...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - September 21, 2016 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Soul in Medicine: Rabbinic and Scientific Controversies
AbstractThe practice of medicine relies on a combination of two very different sources, and requires two kinds of talents: a cognitive-instrumental, knowledge-based and disease-centered approach; and a psychological, expressive-relational and patient-centered approach. Throughout the centuries, the mix between the cognitive and expressive dimensions, and the relative emphasis given to each approach, has varied considerably. Current evidence-based medicine privileges the cognitive-performative dimension. The recent developments within medicine are indicative of the inherent and lasting tension between the cognitive and expr...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - September 21, 2016 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

When Brain Death Belies Belief
AbstractThe case of Jahi McMath has reignited a discussion concerning how society should define death. Despite pronouncing McMath brain dead based on the American Academy of Neurology criteria, the court ordered continued mechanical ventilation to accommodate the family ’s religious beliefs. Recent case law suggests that the potential for a successful challenge to the neurologic criteria of death provisions of the Uniform Determination of Death Act are greater than ever in the majority of states that have passed religious freedom legislation. As well, because sta ndard ethical claims regarding brain death are either ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - September 21, 2016 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Values as Predictors of Religious Experience in the Lives of Seminary Students of Philosophy and Students of Physics
AbstractThe aim of this study was to show the preferences of terminal values of personal and social character and the level of religious experience: God ’s presence and God’s absence, as well as to examine the relationship between the two variables in the groups of seminary students of philosophy and students of physics. The following methods were applied in the study: Rokeach Value Survey and Głaz’s Scale of Religious Experience. The study w as conducted amongst university students in Kraków (Poland). The results of 100 correctly completed sets of questionnaires were analysed. The results analysi...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - September 21, 2016 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Depression and Dyspepsia: An Implication of Islamic Resources
In this study, related articles were retrieved from PubMed, Ovid, Proquest and Magiran databases by using the Medical Subject Heading keywords “depression,” “psychology,” “dyspepsia” and “gastrointestinal diseases.” In the next step, studies, which are exactly confirm the Islamic viewpoint, were selected from the retrieved articles. Only one prospective study in 2012 has stated that people with functional gastrointestinal d isorders and without elevated levels of anxiety and depression at baseline had significantly higher levels of anxiety and depression at 12-year follow-up....
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - September 21, 2016 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religiosity and Health Risk Behaviour Among University Students in 26 Low, Middle and High Income Countries
AbstractThe aim of this study was to assess religiosity and health risk behaviours among university students from 26 low, middle and high income countries. Using anonymous questionnaires, data were collected from 20,222 undergraduate university students (mean age 20.8, SD  = 2. 8) from 27 universities in 26 countries across Asia, Africa and the Americas. Among all students, 41.1 % engaged at least once a week in organized religious activity, 35.8 % practised a non-organized religious activity daily or more than once daily, and more or less two-thirds of the stude nts agreed to the three different statem...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - September 21, 2016 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research