Enhancing Human Cognition Through Vajrayana Practices
AbstractPhenomenological studies suggest the existence of enhanced cognitive states, termed flow or peak experiences, in which specific cognitive processes (e.g., attention, perception) can be dramatically increased for limited durations. Here we review new scientific evidence that shows that specific types of meditation that developed out of certain religious traditions such as Vajrayana (Tantric Buddhism) and Hindu Tantra lead to the enhanced cognitive states, characterized by heightened sympathetic activation and phasic alertness (a significant temporary boost in focused attention). This is in contrast to the meditation...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 15, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Opinions, Knowledge and Attitudes Concerning “Spirituality, Religiosity and Health” Among Health Graduates in a Spanish University
This study aims to investigate the opinions, knowledge and attitudes concerning spirituality, religiosity and health among 75 health MSc graduates from a Spanish university. The questionnaire “Religion and Spirituality in Medicine, Perspectives of Physicians” was used. Most students had low levels of religious activities, agreeing that S/R could have a high influence on the health professional–patient relationship (62.6%). Nevertheless, they felt little prepared to address these is sues (90.6%) and believed that universities were not providing enough information on this topic (91.9%). The most common barr...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 15, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Anatomy of Papal Tiara: A Story About Popes ’ Contribution and Protection of Anatomists
AbstractBeginning with the thirteenth century, the papacy has exerted an important role in the development of anatomy and medical sciences through the protection and support provided to anatomists, who were in most cases the personal physicians of the popes as well. The work is intended to bea lesson of anatomy of Papal tiara, presenting the most important contributing popes, the anatomists –physicians whom they supported and protected and the relations between papacy and medical sciences. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 12, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Quality of Life and the Predictive Roles of Religiosity and Spiritual Coping Among Nursing Students: A Multi-country Study
AbstractThere has been high interest in religious and spirituality practices among college students due to positive benefits to university life. However, no studies have been conducted examining nursing students ’ religiosity and use of spiritual coping and its impact on their QOL. This cross-sectional, descriptive study measured the QOL and examined the predictive roles of religiosity and spiritual coping among nursing students from four countries. Nursing students reported high overall QOL and health. S ignificant differences were revealed on the religiosity and spiritual coping of students in terms of demographic ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 9, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Beyond Good and Evil: Doing Ethics in the Clinic. A Lecture Celebrating 25 Years of the Philip Hallie Lecture, College of Letters, Wesleyan University, November 2, 2018
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 8, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Effect of Spirituality Intervention on the Anxiety Parents of Hospitalized Newborns in a Neonatal Department
AbstractAdmission leads to many problems in the family, one of the most important of which is Stress parents. Therefore, specify The Effect of Religious Intervention on the Anxiety parents of hospitalized newborns in a neonatal department. The study was a semi-experimental study with experimental and control groups and before and after the intervention, Anxiety and care pressure questionnaires were given to parents. The religion intervention in the 8 Session parents of hospitalized newborns in a neonatal. Data were analyzed by SPSS16 and descriptive and analytical tests. The study indicated that religion has an effective r...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 4, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Medical Students ’ (Dis)comfort with Assessing Religious and Spiritual Needs in a Standardized Patient Encounter
AbstractMost patients want to discuss their religious and spiritual concerns, yet few physicians discuss it. First-year medical students (n = 92) interviewed a standardized patient experiencing spiritual distress. There was a significant difference among the students’ reasoning for their (dis)comfort and (mis)matching religion with their patient (X2 = 21.0831,p 
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 18, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Ramadan Fasting Effects on Postural Control in the Elderly: A Comparison Between Fallers and Non-fallers
In conclusion, Ramadan fasting alters similarly postural control of elderly fallers and non-fallers, but the amplitude ( ΔCoP[X] % and ΔCoP[Y] %) of this alteration seems to be more pronounced in fallers than non-fallers. A probable beginning of adaptation occurs at the FWR. However, three weeks seems to be insufficient to recover postural control alterations due to Ramadan fasting in difficult sensory conditions in elderly fallers and non-fallers. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 18, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Effect of Listening to Holy Quran Recitation on Weaning Patients Receiving Mechanical Ventilation in the Intensive Care Unit: A Pilot Study
This study aimed to investigate the effect of listening to Holy Quran recitation (HQR) as a non-pharmacological intervention in patients during weaning from mechanical ventilation. This is a randomized controlled trial in which 55 patients admitted in the intensive care unit (ICU) and on mechanical ventilation were recruited. Patients were divided into experimental (case) and control group. In the experimental group, patients received 30  min of HQR, whereas in the control group, patients had 30 min of rest in bed before the start of the weaning. The physiological and/or clinical parameters of weaning were record...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 18, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Approaching Spirituality Using the Patient-Centered Clinical Method
This article reflects on the importance of spirituality in the health –disease process and provides an approach to the biopsychosocial–spiritual care in the practice of primary care. In addition, the aim of the authors is to propose a spiritual approach based on the patient-centered clinical method. This method has been used for clinical communication and can be p owerful for exploring spiritual history. Thus, using a fictional case scenario as a practical example, the authors guide readers to understand the patient-centered approach they propose. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 18, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Lived Religion as Reproductive Decision-Making Resource Among Romanian Women Who Use Abortion as Contraception
This study shifts the perspective from the biopolitics and the bioethics of abortion toward women’s own reproductive decision-making strategies in a context of enduring traditional patriarchy. It explores the fluid and pragmatic ways in which some Romanians use the notions of “God’s will,” “sin,” “redemption,” “afterlife,” and “Godparenting” to redefine abortion as a partial ly disembodied reproductive event. As a reproductive decision-making resource, lived religion empowers women to navigate the lived complexities of conception and contraception. (So...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 18, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

An Exploratory Study of Spirituality and Spiritual Care Among Malaysian Nurses
This study explores Malaysian nurses’ perceptions of spirituality and spiritual care and examines a ssociations between socio-demographics and their perceptions. The Malaysian Nurse Forum Facebook closed group was used for data collection with 208 completed the online survey. The participants considered that spirituality is a fundamental aspect of nursing. Nonetheless, half of the respondents were uncertain regarding the use of the spiritual dimension for individuals with no religious affiliation. Significant differences were found between educational levels in mean scores for spirituality and spiritual care. There w...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 18, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Faith-Based Groups as a Bridge to the Community for Military Veterans: Preliminary Findings and Lessons Learned in Online Surveying
This report examines responses to a brief online survey, comparing how faith-based (n = 27) and non-faith-based (n = 61) organizations engage with Veteran populations as well as the supportive services they provide. Data were analyzed using two-samplez-tests and Chi-squared tests. No significant differences were noted between respondents for self-reported confidence in responding to health care issues/concerns or engagement with Veteran populations. Faith-based respondents were found to provide significantly less mental health, suicide prevention, education/outreach, and other services, while pr...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 18, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religion and Well-Being: The Mediating Role of Positive Virtues
AbstractResearchers have consistently advocated positive associations between religion and well-being. The present research takes a step forward and explores potential mechanisms behind the same. The mediating role of a surprisingly neglected mechanism, positive virtues, specifically gratitude, forgiveness and altruism, is studied through a quantitative study on a sample of 220 adult respondents residing in Delhi NCR. The participants adhered to one of the six major religions present in India. Mediational analysis revealed that gratitude mediated the relationship between religiosity, spirituality and well-being via two pat...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 18, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Both Intrinsic and Extrinsic Religious Orientation are Positively Associated with Attitudes Toward Cleanliness: Exploring Multiple Routes from Godliness to Cleanliness
AbstractIn the present study, we explore how intrinsic and extrinsic religious orientations are associated with cleanliness attitudes. We find that reported importance of religion is associated with increased cleanliness concerns and interest in cleanliness. Attitudes toward cleanliness were also associated with both intrinsic religious orientation and extrinsic religious orientation. Together, religiosity and religious orientation account for 14.7% of cleanliness attitudes and remained significant in the presence of personality, socioeconomic status, age, education, obsessive –compulsive attitudes toward cleanliness...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 18, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Characteristics of Religious and Spiritual Beliefs of Danish Physicians: And Likelihood of Addressing Religious and Spiritual Issues with Patients
This study investigated the association between physicians ’ R/S characteristics and frequency of addressing patients’ R/S issues. Information was obtained through a questionnaire mailed to 1485 Danish physicians (response rate 63%) (42% female). We found significant associations between physicians’ personal R/S and the frequency of addressing R/S iss ues. Moreover, we identified significant gender differences in most R/S characteristics. However, no differences in frequency of addressing R/S issues were identified across gender. This raises some questions regarding the effects of gender on associations b...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 18, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Impact of Spiritual Intelligence, Gender and Educational Background on Mental Health Among College Students
AbstractThe present study is conducted on 300 PG-level college students in Haridwar, Uttarakhand (India). The aim of the present study is to examine the level of spiritual intelligence and mental health, to observe relationship between these two variables and also to identify the difference in spiritual intelligence and mental health across gender and educational background (arts and science). The purposive sampling technique is used to select 300 college students of both disciplines of arts and science from the four different government degree colleges/campuses in Haridwar. Integrated Spiritual Intelligence Scale and Mith...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 18, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Islamically Integrated Psychotherapy
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 18, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

When Your Child is Sick: A Guide to Navigating the Practical and Emotional Challenges of Caring for a Child Who is Very Ill
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 18, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religiosity and Excess Weight Among African-American Adolescents: The Jackson Heart KIDS Study
We examined the relationship between religious practices, spirituality, and excess weight among African-American adolescents (N = 212) residing in the Deep South. Results from modified Poisson regression analysis indicate that adolescents who prayed daily had a lower prevalence of excess weight (PR 0.77 [95% CI 0.62–0.96]) than those who did not. This relationship was only significant for 12–15 year-old participant s in age-stratified analysis. These findings suggest that preventive interventions offered to children and younger adolescents can have implications for weight status across the li...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 16, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Relationship Between Praying and Self-Care in Elderly with Heart Failure: A Cross-Sectional Study in West of Iran
AbstractGiven the prevalence of Heart Failure (HF), the current study was conducted, aiming to determine the relationship between praying and self-care in the patients with HF in Iran in 2018. The type of the study is descriptive-analytical, which has been conducted in patient group of more than 65, suffering HF. The population of study has consisted of HF patients, referring to Shahid Mostafa Khomeini Hospital of Ilam province. Therefore, the patients, referring to this hospital for medical treatments, were included in this study. The study data were analyzed using software SPSS16. The findings showed there was a signific...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 14, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Comparison of Newly Graduated Nurses ’ and Doctors’ Opinions About Spiritual Care and Their Emotional Intelligence Levels
AbstractThe study has been conducted to compare newly graduated nurses ’ and doctors’ opinions about spiritual care and their emotional intelligence levels. Descriptive study’s sample consisted of 50 nurses and 50 doctors who graduated from a university’s medical faculty and health faculty recently. Data were collected by Personal Information Form, Spirituality and Spiritual Care Rating Scale, and Schutte Emotional Intelligence Scale. Emotional intelligence (t = 3.42,p = 0.001) and spirituality and spiritual care detection levels (t = 3.63,p = ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 11, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religiosity/Spirituality and Mental Health: A Meta-analysis of Studies from the German-Speaking Area
AbstractThe meta-analysis presented here investigates the relationship between religiosity/spirituality (R/S) and mental health based on 67 studies from the German-speaking area (Germany, Austria, Switzerland). The weighted average correlation is .03 (95% CI [.01, .05]), indicating that a greater R/S is minimally but significantly associated with better mental health. The results are moderated by the type of R/S measure: negative R/S types correlate − .20 with mental health, whereas other R/S measures exhibit small positive associations. In comparison with US-American meta-analyses, the average effect size is ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 10, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Do Religious Coping and Attachment to God Affect Perceived Pain? Study of the Elderly with Chronic Back Pain in Iran
AbstractReligious Coping (RC) refers to the individual ’s ability to understand and cope with the stress in life. Attachment is a God relatively stable emotional bond that forms through continuous communication and requires interaction, pleasure and relaxation. Considering the increasing population of the elderly and the role of pain in their health s tatus, the present study was conducted aimed to determine the relationship between RC and attachment to God with perceived pain in the elderly with chronic low back pain (CLBP) in Ilam in Iran. The present study is a descriptive cross-sectional one in the elderly group ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 4, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Christian Spirituality and Smartphone Addiction in Adolescents: A Comparison of High-Risk, Potential-Risk, and Normal Control Groups
AbstractThe goal of this study was to compare aspects of Christian spirituality such as God ’s image and sense of spiritual well-being among three groups: the high-risk, potential-risk and normal control groups for smartphone addiction. Participants were: 11 adolescents in the high-risk group for smartphone addiction; 20 adolescents who were potentially at risk of smartphone addiction, a nd 254 adolescents who were in the normal control group. The results showed that the high-risk group for smartphone addiction adolescent group showed low levels of spiritual well-being and positive image of God comparing to those in ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 4, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Can Religious and Spiritual Struggle Enhance Well-Being? Exploring the Mediating Effects of Internal Dialogues
AbstractAlthough a number of studies have demonstrated links between religious/spiritual struggle and well-being, only a few have examined what makes religious/spiritual struggle increase or decrease well-being. The present paper aims to examine different forms of internal dialogues (IDs) as potential mediators of the relationship between religious/spiritual struggle and well-being among Roman Catholics. There were 143 respondents (81 female) who participated in the study. We applied the Religious and Spiritual Struggle Scale, the Internal Dialogical Activity Scale, and the Psychological Well-Being Scale. The results showe...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 2, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Finding Ourselves Lost: Ministry in the Age of Overwhelm
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 2, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Editorial: After Eight Years
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 2, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Medical Problems of Way of St. James Pilgrimage
AbstractIt appears that the El Camino pilgrimage route has become a long-distance trek and endurance test of the individual. The continuously increasing number of hikers demands more attention by travel medicine professionals. Analysis of the age groups of the pilgrims over recent years shows that the number of young pilgrims (  60 years) is considerably increased. The leading cause of fatalities during the pilgrimage is ACS. The majority of the cardiac problems occur among the elderly people. The second most common cause of death is a traffic accident, and the third and fourth causes are a fatal exacerbation o...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 2, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Spiritual Development and Life Satisfaction Among Students of Qom University of Medical Sciences
AbstractHaving a spiritual perspective on life can have an effect on the optimism and individuals level of life satisfaction, and it is a protective factor against self-harm in life. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between spiritual development and life satisfaction in students of Qom University of Medical Sciences, Iran. This cross-sectional study is part of study that was performed in Qom University of Medical Sciences, Iran, from February 2015 to July 2016 which accommodates 250 medical and paramedical students that were selected through systematic random sampling. Data collection tools were de...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 1, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Use of the Spiritual Development Framework in Conducting Spirituality and Health Research with Adolescents
AbstractSpirituality is considered a universal phenomenon, but research addressing the spiritual needs of adolescents in the context of health and illness is limited. The aim of this article is to provide a description of how the spiritual development framework (SDF) was used in conducting research with adolescents. An exemplar of a qualitative descriptive study is provided to demonstrate applicability of the SDF. The SDF was used as a guiding theoretical framework in conducting research with adolescents living with sickle cell disease. The SDF is culturally applicable and methodologically appropriate. Additional research ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 1, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

My Personal Experience of Orthodox Psychiatry and Alternative Approaches
AbstractRuth Smith ’s incisive and moving account of her experiences with orthodox psychiatry as delivered by the UK National Health Service sets the scene for this special section. She gives a detailed description of her own twelve years’ experience as a Carer to her daughter, diagnosed with psychosis at age 24 y ears. She explains how they struggled to comply with the psychiatric services and cope with the, often traumatic, treatment provided to them. Clearly, we need to do better, but how? Smith explains how her study of critical texts and research papers on the subject helped to form her own critical view p...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 20, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Defining and Operationalizing Chaplain Presence: A Review
AbstractPresence is a vaguely defined word often used by chaplains to describe their work with patients, families, and staff. The current literature defines presence as a process of creating a trusting atmosphere for nonjudgmental and compassionate sharing in another ’s story. Presence has no apparent agenda, much flexibility, and requires emotional vulnerability in the chaplain interactions. This presents four problems: distinguishing chaplain presence from presence by other providers; dependence on chaplain vulnerability in the encounter; difficulty of asses sing impact on patient/family care; and clearly communica...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 18, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Influence of Religiosity on the Emotional –Behavioral Health of Adolescents
AbstractReligion is a multidimensional structure. Former studies examined only one or a few dimensions of the religion and the study that has looked comprehensively to the topic was not found. Considering this feature, the impact of religion on the emotional –behavioral health of adolescents should be investigated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of religiosity on the emotional–behavioral health of adolescents. Data were collected using religiosity, trauma resilience scale, emotional abuse, and Achenbach’s Youth Self Report questi onnaires in a 511-person sample of adolescents (318 girls ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 18, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Women ’s Narratives of Marital and Divorce Issues and Impact on their Health
This study also examined how women used narratives to explain their issues on the basis of health and justify their problems through narratives. Efforts were made through this the research to get the real narratives of women, wherein the middle of the speculative pattern was found. The hierarchy and priority of social issues as considered were women were experienced. Through personal narratives, subjects create and recreate representations of the self within socialized contexts. Feminist re searchers have therefore stressed the importance of using women’s own experiences as a starting point to theories about broader ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 17, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religiosity and Beliefs About the Transmission of Cancer, Chemotherapy, and Radiation Through Physical Contact in Saudi Arabia
We examined relationships between religiosity and Saudi cancer patients ’ beliefs about the spread of cancer, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy through close physical contact. Surveyed were 64 patients seen in university oncology clinics. Assessed were beliefs about the spread of cancer and its treatments, along with religious, demographic, social, psychological, an d cancer-related characteristics. Greater religiosity was related to older age, non-Saudi nationality, less anxiety, earlier cancer stage, and greater time since initial diagnosis. Non-significant trends suggested that religious practices were associate...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 15, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Understanding the Diverse Forms of Spiritual Expression of Older People in Residential Aged Care in Australia
AbstractThe ability of older people to express their spirituality is an important component of aged care. Spirituality is not specifically religiousness although, for some, religion offers a means for spiritual expression. This paper aimed to explore what constitutes spiritual life for residents in three residential aged care facilities in South Australia. The findings of the research demonstrated that the majority of older resident participants defined spirituality as ‘connection/s’. Three unexpected results of the study became obvious during analysis, reported here as ‘loss’, ‘adaptation&rsq...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 7, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Evolution of Spirituality, Religion and Health Publications: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow
This study will lead the researchers especially in terms of the important journals, active countries, authors, top-cited articles and current topics in spirituality, religion and health research. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 6, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Impact of Fasting on the Psychological Well-Being of Muslim Graduate Students
AbstractThe main objective of this research was to evaluate the impact of fasting on the psychological well-being of Muslim graduate students. In a single-group pretest posttest research design, students who intended to fast in the month of Ramadan were asked to respond to a psychological well-being scale and its subscales before and after the end of fasting month of Ramadan. Findings show that fasting led to the promotion of overall psychological well-being, self-acceptance, autonomy, positive relations, environmental mastery, and personal growth among students who fasted in this month. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 6, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Interrelation of Prayer and Worship Service Attendance in Moderating the Negative Impact of Life Event Stressors on Mental Well-Being
AbstractThe interrelation of worship service attendance and private prayer in moderating the negative impact of life event stressors on mental well-being is examined using hierarchical multiple regressions on a national sample of 2601 Americans. A theoretical model is proposed in which stressful life events are made less distressing under conditions in which exposure to pro-social content at worship services is internalized through frequent private prayer. Interactive models controlling for a block of potential confounds are run to confirm that the stress-moderating effects of worship service attendance are noted only when...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religious and Spiritual Salience, Well-Being, and Psychosocial Functioning Among Psychotherapy Clients: Moderator Effects for Humility
In this study, we investigate dispositional humility as a potential moderator in the relationship between religious and spiritual salience and (1) well-being and (2) psychosocial functioning outcomes in a clinical sample. Results indicated that dispositional humility significantly moderated the relationships tested. Implications for future research and clinical practice are discussed. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Cultured Meat in Islamic Perspective
AbstractCultured meat is a promising product that is derived through biotechnology that partially circumvents animal physiology, thereby being potentially more sustainable, environmentally friendly and animal friendly than traditional livestock meat. Such a novel technology that can impact many consumers evokes ethical, philosophical and religious discussions. For the Islamic community, the crucial question is whether cultured meat is halal, meaning compliant with Islamic laws. Since the culturing of meat is a new discovery, invention and innovation by scientists that has never been discussed by classical jurists (fuqaha &...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Determination of Hopelessness and Quality of Life in Patients with Heart Disease: An Example from Eastern Turkey
AbstractThis descriptive study was undertaken in order to determine hopelessness and quality of life among the patients with heart disease. No sampling was made, and 200 patients who were voluntary and were able to communicate were included in the study. The data of the study were collected using a personal information form that involved questions about patients ’ descriptive information and their diseases, Beck Hopelessness Scale and SF-36 Quality of Life Scale with a face-to-face interview technique. For the analyses of the data, percentages, means,t test, Kruskal –Wallis and Pearson’s correlation analy...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spirituality, Religiosity, Quality of Life and Mental Health Among Pantaneiros : A Study Involving a Vulnerable Population in Pantanal Wetlands, Brazil
This study aims to investigate the relationship between spirituality, religiosity (S/R), mental health and quality of life in a vulnerable population in thePantanal wetlands of Brazil. A total of 129 individuals were interviewed. We examined mental health (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale), quality of life (SF-12), spirituality (self-spirituality rating scale), religiosity (DUREL) and R/S opinions. Individuals had high levels of spirituality, non-organizational and intrinsic religiosity, but low levels of religious attendance. Most participants said they would like to have their faith addressed by a health professiona...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

A Longitudinal Study of Religiosity, Spiritual Health Locus of Control, and Health Behaviors in a National Sample of African Americans
AbstractThe present longitudinal study examined religious beliefs and behaviors, spiritual health locus of control (SHLOC), and selected health-related behaviors and outcomes in a national sample of 766 African American adults. Participants were interviewed by telephone three times over a 5-year period. Results indicated that stronger religious beliefs and religious behaviors were associated with greater changes in active SHLOC. There was some evidence of direct effects of religious beliefs and behaviors on changes in health behaviors. Religious behaviors were related to greater passive SHLOC over time across some health o...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Comparison of Attitudes Toward Death Between University Students Who Receive Nursing Education and Who Receive Religious Education
In conclusion, the education given to students about the religious or health aspects of death in accordance with the curriculum seemed to have no effects on students’ developing positive attitudes toward death. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Are Religious Coping and Pain Perception Related Together? Assessment in Iranian Cancer Patients
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between religious coping and pain perception in Iranian cancer patients. In this cross-sectional study (October –December, 2015), 380 hospitalized cancer patients were entered to the study using accessible sampling. Data were collected by socio-demographic, Religious Coping and McGill pain questionnaires. Males (48.39 ± 13 ± 39; CI95: 46.41–50.38) are older than females (45.33 ± 18.44; CI95: 42.7 9–47.87). According to results, there was a significant relationship between pain perception and positive religi...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Shiite Perspective on the Moral Status of the Early Human Embryo: A Critical Review
AbstractAccording to Shiite perspective, the relative inviolability of the human embryo starts at the time of implantation and attains complete ethical status at ensoulment. Different paradigms of embryology have been influential on the understanding of Shiite jurists of the relevant Qur ’anic verses. This paper provides a critical review of the process of issuing religious decrees on issues related to the early human life and concludes that Shiite jurisprudence needs to obtain consistency in its adopted account of embryology and adopt a proactive approach toward the bioethical ne w-emerging issues. (Source: Journal ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Prayer: A Helpful Aid in Recovery from Depression
AbstractDepression is a growing issue within the field of medicine. It negatively impacts individuals ’ lives and the people they are most connected to. For decades, medical professionals have been searching for solutions to assist those who are suffering from this illness. The use of drugs has not been a sufficient means of treatment to alleviate depression and its symptoms. There is a dire need to expand therapeutic interventions that can attribute meaningful recovery for victims of depression. One means of positive treatment is the use of prayer. Prayer, one of the most ancient forms of meditation, aligns and rela...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religious Integration and Psychological Distress: Different Patterns in Emerging Adult Males and Females
This study examined differences between male and female emerging adults on low, moderate, and high levels of religious integration in relation to psychological distress. Participants were recruited from undergraduate courses at a religiously affiliated, Midwestern university and completed the integration scale of the Personal Religious Inventory and the Langner Symptom Survey. Due to significantly higher reports of religious integration in female participants, the sample was separated by sex. A significant, negative correlation between religious integration and psychological distress was foundonly for females. Similarly, f...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research