Melancholy, Acculturation, and Relief: A Brief Essay on the Religion of Ordinarity
AbstractHan is not an idiosyncratic, psychological experience that is peculiar to Koreans, but a multifaceted mode of melancholy experienced by many and various people. What makes this psychological experience particularly familiar to Koreans, however, is that this phenomenon is colored by various, macroscopic factors common in the Korean context, such as sociocultural rigidness, historical instability, political feudality, and economic vulnerability. In this sense,han is an acculturated, multifaceted melancholy. Not only that, it has developed its own religiousness, the goal of which is the restoration of ordinarity, beca...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 23, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Laying the Foundations of Lifelong Health at the Beginning of Life: Islamic Perspective
In conclusion based on Islamic perspective, the foundations of comprehensive health of a person, i.e., health in all physical, mental, social, and spiritual dimensions, are begun to form at four stages: the time of marri age of his parents, the moment of their conception, when he is unborn in his mother womb, and during infancy period. Observing religion instructions in this regard is not the sufficient condition for being completely healthy; however, such instructions can provide a base for being a healthy person. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 23, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spiritual Health and Physical Activity Among Iranian Pregnant Women
This study was aimed to investigate the relationship between spiritual health and physical activity among Iranian pregnant women during 2015. A cross-sectional descriptive-analytic design was adopted. A total number of 411 participants were selected by convenience sampling from Iranian women who regularly attended health centers for prenatal care. Data were collected using demographic questionnaire and Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile questionnaire, 2nd edition. (Spiritual health and physical activity are two components of health-promoting lifestyle.) The data were analyzed, using descriptive statistics,t test, one-way A...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 23, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Attitudes Toward Spirituality and Spiritual Care among Iranian Nurses and Nursing Students: A Cross-Sectional Study
AbstractAddressing spiritual needs is taken into account as an integral part of holistic health care and also an important component of nursing practice. The aim of present study is to evaluate attitudes toward spirituality and spiritual care among nurses and nursing students at Semnan University of Medical Sciences in Iran. In this cross-sectional study, all nurses (n = 180) working in the teaching hospitals affiliated to Semnan University of Medical Sciences as well as senior nursing students (n = 50) selected by the census method. Finally, 168 individuals meeting the inclusion criteria were evaluated...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 22, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Teachers ’ and Parents’ Perspectives on a Curricular Subject of “Religion and Spirituality” for Indian Schools: A Pilot Study Toward School Mental Health Program
In conclusion, participants believe R/S education will fosters students’ emotional health and interpersonal skills needed for social leadership. A curriculum that in corporates R/S education, which is based on AAR guidelines and clinically validated interpersonal spiritual care tools would be acceptable to both teachers and parents. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

How the Political Becomes Private: In Vitro Fertilization and the Catholic Church in Poland
AbstractThe Polish debate on in vitro fertilization (IVF) is extremely heated and highly politicized. The hierarchs of the Catholic vehemently oppose the use of IVF. In this text, I present the Church ’s approach to IVF. Basing on the documentary film,Three Conversations about Life, and ethnographic research, as well as an analysis of Vatican documents and official statements of Polish bishops, I show how the positions of clergy might influence private lives. I indicate series of tensions associated with the “politics of morality” of the Catholic Church and the daily lives of people, who have children tha...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Contemplative Meditation and Neuroscience: Prospects for Mental Health
AbstractNumerous studies show that personal spirituality developed through prayer positively influences mental health. Phenomenological and neuroscientific studies of mindfulness, an Eastern meditative prayer form, reveal significant health benefits now yielding important insights useful for guiding treatment of psychological disorders. By contrast, and despite its practice for millennia, Christian meditation is largely unrepresented in studies of clinical efficacy. Resemblances between mindfulness and disciplinary acts in Christian meditation taken from the ancient Greek practice of askesis suggest that Christian meditati...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Separating the “Limbs” of Yoga: Limited Effects on Stress and Mood
AbstractThough millions of people practice yoga to reduce stress and improve their mood, it is unclear which aspect of yoga is responsible for these effects. To investigate relevant aspects, or “limbs” of yoga, participants who were novices in the practice of yoga engaged in a single yoga manipulation (i.e., poses, breath work, meditation, or listening to a lecture about yoga) for 20 min before experiencing a mild stressor. Participants’ heart rate, blood pressure, mood, and anxiety level were assessed, both immediately after the yoga manipulation and after the mild stressor. The 20-min yoga manipula...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Reconciling Spirituality and Workplace: Towards a Balanced Proposal for Occupational Health
We examined the relationship between spirituality in the workplace and occupational health and explored the benefits for employees, employers and the organisation. Using a qualitative methodology, we focused on secular organisations in the service sector to analyse this question in the context of labour relations in Europe. Our results indicate that embracing spirituality in the workplace yields a number of benefits in addition to those of a health-related nature. Religious beliefs and practices can be accommodated in the workplace provided that a balance is maintained between the needs of employers and employees. (Source:...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 16, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Comparison of Offender and Non-offender Young Men to Setting Goals for Life and Attributing Meaning to Life
AbstractThe main goal of the present study is to compare male offenders and non-offenders in terms of how they attribute meaning to life and set life goals. The samples were chosen from among offenders (n  = 50) and non-offenders (n = 50) who were between ages 19–26. Mixed method was used in this study. The scale of setting life goals and interview form were used to collect data. To analysis of the data, the content analysis technique andt test and were used. Findings of the present study show that offenders tend to have troubles setting life goals when compared to non-offenders. Furthermore, the ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 14, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

An Investigation of Moral Principles and Mental Training in the P āli Nikāya s and Their Implications for Behaviour Modification and Mental Health
This article explicates the fundamental moral principles and mental training of Buddhism that have implications for behavioural transformation and mental health promotion. These techniques are considered to be effective for transforming the unwholesome thoughts and overcoming the afflictions (āsavas). It investigates some methods of mental training that can be designed to fit the behaviour of a practitioner. It also investigates the three key interdependent elements of mindfulness techniques and, in particular, how a simple practice of mindfulness (sati), full awareness (sampaja ñña), and proper attention (y...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 12, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Political Affiliation, Spirituality, and Religiosity: Links to Emerging Adults ’ Life Satisfaction and Optimism
AbstractThe goal of this study was to extend the existing literature regarding the intersection between belief systems shaping psychological processes and subjective well-being among emerging adults. A nationwide sample of 3966 college students reported on their political affiliation, spirituality, and religiosity in relation to their subjective well-being. Multivariate analyses demonstrated that politically conservative participants were significantly more optimistic and satisfied with life than their liberal counterparts and Republican emerging adults reported significantly higher life satisfaction than Democrats. Republ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 12, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spiritual Care in the ICU: Perspectives of Dutch Intensivists, ICU Nurses, and Spiritual Caregivers
This study is the quantitative part of a mixed methods approach. To conduct empirical quantitative cohort research, separate digital questionnaires were sent to three different participant groups in Dutch ICUs, namely intensivists, ICU nurses, and spiritual caregivers working in academic and general hospitals and one specialist oncology hospital. Overall, 487 participants of 85 hospitals (99 intensivists, 290 ICU nurses, and 98 spiritual caregivers) responded. The majority of all respondents (>70%) considered the positive effects of SC provision to patients and relatives: contribution to mental well-being, processing an...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 11, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

“For Every Illness There is a Cure”: Attitudes and Beliefs of Moroccan Muslim Women Regarding Health, Illness and Medicine
This study reveals that religion plays a crucial role in how Muslim women perceive and deal with illness. Theological considerations that centre on God’s om nipotence, the belief in the afterlife and religious virtues take up a central position. A holistic approach is adopted in the search for healing, i.e. an interplay between calling upon medicine and turning to God. Religious beliefs seem to be a powerful source in coping with illness. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 3, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis of a Religious Conversion
AbstractReligious conversion is an important phenomenon in contemporary religious climate, but existing psychology research work is mostly based on quantitative methods. In an attempt to contribute to this field, the present study proposes a qualitative exploration of religious conversion. The in-depth interview of a French woman is examined in order to investigate her experience of religious conversion, 40  years prior. The interview was analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis, with the purpose of revealing how the participant experienced the process of religious conversion, what was its impact on her...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 3, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Self-Efficacy and Nutrition Education: A Study of the Effect of an Intervention with Faith Community Nurses
AbstractThe faith community provides an important access point for practice focused on population health at a time when health issues such as obesity and overweight are affecting large number of Americans. The purpose of this study was to examine faith community nurses ’ self-efficacy perceptions following a nutrition educational intervention. A convenience sample of 92 faith community nurses were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. The t-distribution analysis revealed significant differences between the nutrition knowledge self-efficacy (p = .016) and nutrition counseling self-efficacy (p...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 3, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Relationship Between Spiritual Well-Being and Hope in Patients with Cardiovascular Disease
AbstractSpirituality and hope have been identified as important constructs in health research, since both are thought to enhance a person ’s ability to cope with the consequences of serious illness. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between spiritual well-being and hope in patients with cardiovascular disease. Using descriptive, correlational methodology, the investigator gathered data on a convenience sample of 500 patients with cardiovascular disease who were hospitalized in a medical institution in Iran. The study was conducted over a four-month period. Participants completed a demographic ques...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 2, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Defining the Context for Best Practices: Institutional Setting for Clinical Pastoral Care in Estonia
AbstractThe current article aims to offer an informational basis for creating an adaptable model of spiritual support provision for Estonian health care institutions. The study addresses Estonian medical staff ’s knowledge about and attitudes towards spiritual support. The data originate from a quantitative research conducted in 19 Estonian hospitals during 2015–2016. The results show a good will for interdisciplinary co-operation, and pastoral caregiver is expected to be a part of the staff. The fact that spiritual support is not financed by the state budget funds raises the question about explaining the benef...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 2, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spiritual Well-Being and Spiritual Distress in Cancer Patients Undergoing Chemotherapy: Utilizing the SWBQ as Component of Holistic Nursing Diagnosis
Abstract Holistic nursing care requires attention to the spiritual dimension. This is particularly important when caring for patients with cancer. This research presents the results of the assessment of spiritual well-being using the Spiritual Well-Being Questionnaire (SWBQ) to validate the nursing diagnosis ofspiritual distress. Structured interviews were conducted with 169 patients in one hospital in Portugal. We concluded that the SWBQ is a useful and reliable instrument to assess spiritual distress, which highlights the importance of listening to patients and questioning them about spiritual needs as well as the import...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spirituality and Religiosity and Its Role in Health and Diseases
AbstractReligiosity is a factor involved in the management of health and diseases/patient longevity. This review article uses comprehensive, evidence-based studies to evaluate the nature of religiosity that can be used in clinical studies, thus avoiding contradictory reports which arise from misinterpretation of religiosity. We conclude that religiosity is multidimensional in nature and ultimately associated with inherent protection against diseases and overall better quality of life. However, a number of untouched aspects of religiosity need to be investigated further before we can introduce religiosity in its fully funct...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spirit or Fleeting Apparition? Why Spirituality ’s Link with Social Support Might Be Incrementally Invalid
AbstractPreviously published path models apparently confirm thebelief-as-benefit perspective that spirituality boosts well-being via social support. The broad acceptance of such findings has motivated recommendations that clinical psychologists and psychiatrists routinely assess their patients ’ spiritual status. Skeptics retort that past findings are statistically confounded and that numinous beliefs and well-being are unrelated. A multivariate regression analysis testing whether spirituality explains variance in social support after personality traits are simultaneously included is re ported. Although spirituality ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Gender- and Sport-Specific Associations Between Religiousness and Doping Behavior in High-Level Team Sports
This study aimed to provide evidence for possible gender- and sport-specific associations between religiousness and doping behavior among team-sport athletes of both genders. The participants were 886 athletes (21.9  ± 3.8 years of age; 352 females) involved in four sports: volleyball (n = 154; 78 females), handball (n = 206; 68 females), soccer (n = 316; 110 females) and basketball (n = 230; 96 females) from Croatia and Slovenia (all traditionally Roman Catholics). The data were collected using a previously validated structured questionnaire that examined socio...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Perceptions of Chaplains ’ Value and Impact Within Hospital Care Teams
We examined in a mixed-methods fashion, the effects of this type of integrated care team within a teaching hospital setting. The quality and impact of chaplain involvement were studied from patient and physician-in-training perspectives, using data from more than 200 patients and physicians in training. Findings clearly show that clinically trained chaplains can contribute meaningful expertise and real value to the quality and comprehensiveness of patient and physician experiences. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religion and Happiness: A Study Among University Students in Turkey
This study tests the hypothesis that higher levels of positive religious affect are associated with higher levels of personal happiness among a sample of 348 students studying at a state university in Turkey who completed the Ok Religious Attitude Scale (Islam), the Oxford Happiness Inventory, and the short-form Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Revised. The data reported a small but statistically significant association between religiosity and happiness after taking sex and individual differences in personality into account. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Health Impacts of Religious Practices and Beliefs Associated with The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints
AbstractThe aim of the study is to discuss the relationship between lifestyle marked by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and health. PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, WOS y Scopus were the databases used for this literature review, with these descriptors: “Mormons”, “mormons religion”, “health”. Inclusion criteria were articles with full text available, published between 2005 and 2016, in English or Spanish language. Results show that following the restrictive Mormon doctrine generates beneficial effects for the health. Habits related to toxics and food, as well as social support,...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Application of Ibadah (Worship) in Counseling: Its Importance and Implications to Muslim Clients
This study selects survey research as the method to collect data from clients. A set of questionnaire instruments was constructed and distributed to 30 clients selected through convenience sampling. Data obtained from research questionnaire are then analyzed using descriptive statistical technique. Research outcome finds that application ofibadah is very important in counseling and has four implications for the client: the client is able to control his behavior, gain peace of mind, control his emotions and becomes increasingly diligent inibadah. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Role of Existential Beliefs Within the Relation of Centenarians ’ Health and Well-Being
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to explore the role of existential beliefs in mediating the influence of health on centenarians ’ well-being. A total of 80 centenarians (mean age 101.1; SD = 1.3; 81.3 % women) with no/minor cognitive impairment were included. The OARS questionnaire for diseases and functional capacity (ADL, IADL), the Satisfaction with Life Scale, and the existential beliefs subscale were used for data collection. The findings suggest that existential resources are a crucial element for mitigating the impact of health constraints in subjective well-being in this population. Appro...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

On the Inner Life of Physicians: Analysis of Family Medicine Residents ’ Written Reflections
AbstractThis qualitative study introduces the broad and inclusive concept of the “inner life of physicians” and analyzes the written reflections (N = 756) of family medicine residents (N = 33) during their residency as indicative of the physicians’ inner lives. Residents completed reflective entries without specific prompts. Researchers describe unsolicited emergent categorical themes indicative of a robust inner life of the physician. Nurturing physicians’ inner life through reflection allows physicians to recognize, identify, and respond to daily emotional events. Reflections a...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

“One Big Family”: Pastoral Care and Treatment Seeking in an Egyptian Coptic Church in England
AbstractLittle is known about Coptic migrants ’ chronic disease health beliefs and treatment-seeking behaviours. Interviews to explore these issues and their relationship with church membership were conducted with 15 Coptic migrants in Southern England. Obesity and cardiovascular disease (CVD) were most frequently identified as health risks f or Coptic migrants. CVD was ascribed to stress and considered amenable to spiritual healing. Lay referral to medical practitioners who were church members was common but may devalue perceptions of family medicine. The Coptic Church functions as a community that addresses members...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Relationship Between the Religious Beliefs of the Diabetic Patients and Depression in a Diabetes Clinic in Iran
AbstractNowadays, diabetes is prevalent, and it can leave severe psychotic effects and causes depression; thus, it is necessary to consider effective factors to fight against diabetic patients ’ mental conditions. It seems that the role of religion is significant, and by augmenting religious attitudes, diabetic patient’s depression intensity can be decreased. The purpose of the present study is to examine the relationship between religious beliefs and depression of diabetic patients i n diabetes clinic of Ali Asghar Hospital in Zahedan. This is a descriptive analytical and cross-sectional study. Out of total 35...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

“No More Buzz”: A Qualitative Study of the Current Response to HIV in the Anglican Church in the Western Cape, South Africa
AbstractUsing a triangulation design combining participant observation, survey results, and interviews, this paper studies the current form of the response to HIV in the local Anglican Church in the Western Cape, South Africa. The results show that people are generally aware of HIV. The “buzz” around HIV has, however, subsided. The local church does not directly engage HIV anymore, and HIV is more mentioned than talked about. HIV stigma continues to pose a challenge. To work towards the prevention of HIV, the local church needs to put HIV back on the agenda and continue to spea k about the virus. (Source: Journ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Prospective Associations Among Youth Religiosity and Religious Denomination and Youth Contraception Use
This study prospectively investigates associations among youth religiosity, religious denomination, and contraception use. Associations between youth religiosity and religious denomination, and type of contraceptive used and consistent contraceptive use among sexually active youth (N = 757) were analyzed using multinomial and binomial logistic regression. Identifying with a religious denomination was a predictor of dual contraceptive use relative to using no method of contraception (AOR = 2.17). There was no association between youth religiosity and type of contraceptive us e or contraceptive consistenc...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 14, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Association of Islamic Prayer with Psychological Stability in Bosnian War Veterans
AbstractTo compare the outcomes among war veterans who pray/do not pray and who were not suffering mental disorders after the Bosnia –Herzegovina war (1992–95). The sample consists of 100 healthy Bosnian war veterans divided in two equal groups—one, a highly religious group inside which were individuals who perform five obligatory prayers every day, and another group of individuals who do not practice any daily prayer. We u sed Minnesota Multiphase Personal Inventory (MMPI), Profile Index of Emotions (PIE) and Life Style Questionnaire (LSQ). War veterans who prayed had significantly higher levels for: inc...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 10, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

What Makes You So Sure? Dogmatism, Fundamentalism, Analytic Thinking, Perspective Taking and Moral Concern in the Religious and Nonreligious
AbstractBetter understanding the psychological factors related to certainty in one ’s beliefs (i.e., dogmatism) has important consequences for both individuals and social groups. Generally, beliefs can find support from at least two different routes of information processing: social/moral considerations or analytic/empirical reasoning. Here, we investigate how these two psycholo gical constructs relate to dogmatism in two groups of individuals who preferentially draw on the former or latter sort of information when forming beliefs about the world—religious and nonreligious individuals. Across two studies and th...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 10, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Role of Leadership Support in a Church-Based Cancer Education Implementation Study
We examined church leaders’ support—as perceived by lay community health advisor (CHA) interventionists—and implementation outcomes in a cancer early detection trial. CHAs perceived that their pastors: helped promote the intervention (M = 3.1/4, SD 1.2) and attended about half (M = 1.6/3, SD 1.3) the workshops. CHAs used marginally more techniques to recruit members when they perceived pastors were engaged in promoting the program (rs = .44,p = .08). Pastor attendance was positively associated with member enrollment (rs = .50,p 
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 9, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

“Solitude, Religious and Cultural Uniqueness in a Foreign Environment: Adjustments as an Arab Student” for Your Consideration to be Published in Your Journal
This study explored how Arab-Muslim International Students live and cope in a non-Arab, non-Muslim country. The authors used phenomenological approach with Colaizzi ’s method of analysis to (1) explore the lived experience of the Arab students’ academic and social life and (2) come up with recommendations that can be supported by universities in Philippines and other countries with Arab students. Emergent themes include Hybrid vision and empowerment from ed ucation beyond borders “Tatallo at wa kudurat,” Stigma in the Arab world “Hallah,” Islam as way of life “Al Islam: Manhaj Hayy...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 9, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Predictors of Diabetes Fatalism Among Arabs: A Cross-Sectional Study of Lebanese Adults with Type 2 Diabetes
AbstractFatalism is a grounded cultural belief that is common among Arabs and is known to hinder self-care in chronic diseases including diabetes (Nabolsi and Carson in Scand J Caring Sci 25(4):716 –724,2011). The purpose of this study is to identify predictors of diabetes fatalism in this population. Data on 280 Lebanese patients with type 2 diabetes (mean age 58.24  ± 13.48 years; mean HbA1c 7.90 ± 1.90%; 53.76% females) recruited from one hospital in greater Beirut, Lebanon, and from the community using snowballing technique were examined. Multiple linear regression was used ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 8, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Ritual Participation, Sense of Community, and Social Well-Being: A Study of Seva in the Sikh Community
AbstractThe study examined the impact of frequency of ritual participation on sense of community and social well-being of a minority community in India, the Sikhs. We looked at a unique ritualistic practice of the Sikhs,seva. Rituals are known to contribute toward social solidarity and cohesion as well as physical and mental well-being. In particular for a minority community, rituals help group members establish and maintain strong community networks and a unique group identity. A total of 156 members of the Sikh community (85 males; 71 females) participated in the study. Frequency of ritual participation was positively re...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 2, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The unconscious roots of creativity
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 2, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

An Age –Period–Cohort Analysis of Religious Involvement and Adult Self-Rated Health: Results from the USA, 1972–2008
This study conducts an age, period, cohort analysis of how religious involvement affects adult health across the life course and over time in the USA. Cross-classified random-effect models are used to examine data drawn from the General Social Survey, 1972 –2008. The research shows clear life course patterns, time trends and birth cohort changes in the religious involvement and health relationship with period effects surpassing cohort effects. For the most part, the results show a loss of advantage in health with age for those who are more involved in religion. Period effects are mainly demonstrated by an overall dow...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 19, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religious Belief and Mental Health in Lay and Consecrated Italian Teachers
This study aimed to compare the rate of job strain and burnout among lay and consecrated teachers and to study the effect of religious coping on the mental health of these two groups. A cross-sectional survey study was carried out in Catholic kindergarten, preschool and primary schools of an Italian Congregation of nuns, in South Italy. The Italian versions of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Educator Survey (MBI-ES) scale, of the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) and a study-specific questionnaire with sociodemographic variables and indicators of subjective (self-reported religiosity) and objective (prayer personal and c...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 19, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religion and Public Health: Moral Tradition as Both Problem and Solution
This article suggests a need for religious traditions to consider their moral traditions anew with an eye toward prevention and population health. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 19, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Lower Cancer Rates Among Druze Compared to Arab and Jewish Populations in Israel, 1999 –2009
AbstractThe Druze are a small ethnic minority in Israel amounting to about 130,000 residents (or 1.7  % of the total population of the country). Unlike other population groups, the Druze strive to keep their own traditions and marry mainly inside their own community. During the last decade, cancer morbidity among both Jews and Arabs in Israel has been increasing, while data on the Druze are little known and have not been analyzed and compared to other population groups to date. To compare cancer morbidity rates among Druze, Arabs and Jews in Israel during 1999–2009, gender-specific and age-standardized incidence...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 19, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Study of Spiritual Intelligence and Adjustment Among Arts and Science College Students
AbstractA study to evaluate the relationship between the spiritual intelligence and adjustment among the college students was conducted on a sample of 250 students in six various colleges of Tuticorin district, Tamil Nadu, India. Gender, religion, community, major subject, educational qualification of father and mother, student locality, college type, father and mother ’s occupation and monthly family income (n = 11 variables) were chosen for the study. Test of significance for spiritual intelligence and adjustment was studied and found them nonsignificant except student locality, found to be significant. T...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 19, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Burst Out of the Dead Land by the Help of Spirituality: A Case Study of Living with Blindness and Cancer
AbstractBlindness is one of the most complex problems related to health throughout the world. The condition is worse when such stress is accompanied with cancer. The aim of this case study was to introduce a patient with both these conditions who could come over her problems well. A phenomenological hermeneutic approach influenced by Ricoeur was used to explore the experience of the patient. Data were collected through unstructured and deep interview and by checking patient medical records. The patient is an Iranian 58-year-old teacher residing in Kerman who became blind at age 32 due to bloodshed inside the eye and was af...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 19, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Validation of Brief Multidimensional Spirituality/Religiousness Inventory (BMMRS) in Italian Adult Participants and in Participants with Medical Diseases
This study aimed at assessing the reliability and construct validity of Brief Multidimensional Measure of Religiousness/Spirituality (BMMRS) on Italian sample. Sample: 353 Italian participants: 58.9% affected by different diseases and 41.1% healthy subjects. The results of descriptive statistics of internal consistency reliabilities (Chronbach ’s coefficient) of the BMMRS revealed a remarkable consistency and reliability of different scales DSE, SpC, SC, CSC, VB, SPY-WELL and a good Inter-Class Correlations ≥70 maintaining a good stability of the measures over the time. BMMRS is a useful inventory for the evaluati...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 19, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Trust-in-God, Positive and Negative Affect, and Hope
Abstract We aimed to test the relationships between Trust-in-God, positive and negative affect, and feelings of hope. A sample of university students (N = 282, 50 % female) completed the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule, the Adult Dispositional Hope Scale, and a Persian measure of Trust-in-God for Muslims. The results of a series of hierarchical regression analyses indicated that Trust-in-God was positively associated with participants’ s cores for hope and positive affect but was negatively associated with their scores for negative affect. The results support the relationship between Trust-in-G...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 19, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Miraculous Meaning: Threatened Meaning Increases Belief in Miracles
AbstractFor many, religious belief is a source of meaning and a resource for coping with life stressors that have the potential to undercut meaning. In the present study, we sought to further probe the connection between religion and meaning by focusing on the potential for threatened meaning to inspire belief in miraculous testimonials. We threatened meaning with a meaninglessness manipulation and then had participants read testimonials in which people described miraculous experiences involving supernatural agents and rate the extent to which they believed these testimonials to be credible and true. Meaning threat, relati...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 19, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spirituality Moderates Hopelessness, Depression, and Suicidal Behavior among Malaysian Adolescents
AbstractSuicide is an important public health problem for adolescents, and it is essential to increase our knowledge concerning the etiology of suicide among adolescent students. Therefore, this study was designed to examine the associations between hopelessness, depression, spirituality, and suicidal behavior, and to examine spirituality as a moderator between hopelessness, depression, and suicidal behavior among 1376 Malaysian adolescent students. The participants completed measures of depression, hopelessness, daily spiritual experience, and suicidal behavior. Structural equation modeling indicated that adolescent stude...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 19, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Turkish Imams ’ Experience with and Their Attitudes Toward Suicide and Suicidal Persons
This study investigated the experience with and attitudes toward suicide and suicidality in 70 consenting imams serving in mosques in the province of Aydin which is located at the southwest part of Turkey. A self-report questionnaire was used to collect the data. Attitudes of imams to suicide and suicidality were compared with attitudes of male university students. Only 4 imams (5.7  %) reported having had suicidal thoughts in past, and none reported having attempted suicide. Almost 50 % said that someone in communities they serve has commited suicide and nearly 40 % reported leading funeral ceremony for som...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 19, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research