Determination of Hopelessness and Quality of Life in Patients with Heart Disease: An Example from Eastern Turkey
AbstractThis descriptive study was undertaken in order to determine hopelessness and quality of life among the patients with heart disease. No sampling was made, and 200 patients who were voluntary and were able to communicate were included in the study. The data of the study were collected using a personal information form that involved questions about patients ’ descriptive information and their diseases, Beck Hopelessness Scale and SF-36 Quality of Life Scale with a face-to-face interview technique. For the analyses of the data, percentages, means,t test, Kruskal –Wallis and Pearson’s correlation analy...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spirituality, Religiosity, Quality of Life and Mental Health Among Pantaneiros : A Study Involving a Vulnerable Population in Pantanal Wetlands, Brazil
This study aims to investigate the relationship between spirituality, religiosity (S/R), mental health and quality of life in a vulnerable population in thePantanal wetlands of Brazil. A total of 129 individuals were interviewed. We examined mental health (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale), quality of life (SF-12), spirituality (self-spirituality rating scale), religiosity (DUREL) and R/S opinions. Individuals had high levels of spirituality, non-organizational and intrinsic religiosity, but low levels of religious attendance. Most participants said they would like to have their faith addressed by a health professiona...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

A Longitudinal Study of Religiosity, Spiritual Health Locus of Control, and Health Behaviors in a National Sample of African Americans
AbstractThe present longitudinal study examined religious beliefs and behaviors, spiritual health locus of control (SHLOC), and selected health-related behaviors and outcomes in a national sample of 766 African American adults. Participants were interviewed by telephone three times over a 5-year period. Results indicated that stronger religious beliefs and religious behaviors were associated with greater changes in active SHLOC. There was some evidence of direct effects of religious beliefs and behaviors on changes in health behaviors. Religious behaviors were related to greater passive SHLOC over time across some health o...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Comparison of Attitudes Toward Death Between University Students Who Receive Nursing Education and Who Receive Religious Education
In conclusion, the education given to students about the religious or health aspects of death in accordance with the curriculum seemed to have no effects on students’ developing positive attitudes toward death. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Are Religious Coping and Pain Perception Related Together? Assessment in Iranian Cancer Patients
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between religious coping and pain perception in Iranian cancer patients. In this cross-sectional study (October –December, 2015), 380 hospitalized cancer patients were entered to the study using accessible sampling. Data were collected by socio-demographic, Religious Coping and McGill pain questionnaires. Males (48.39 ± 13 ± 39; CI95: 46.41–50.38) are older than females (45.33 ± 18.44; CI95: 42.7 9–47.87). According to results, there was a significant relationship between pain perception and positive religi...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Shiite Perspective on the Moral Status of the Early Human Embryo: A Critical Review
AbstractAccording to Shiite perspective, the relative inviolability of the human embryo starts at the time of implantation and attains complete ethical status at ensoulment. Different paradigms of embryology have been influential on the understanding of Shiite jurists of the relevant Qur ’anic verses. This paper provides a critical review of the process of issuing religious decrees on issues related to the early human life and concludes that Shiite jurisprudence needs to obtain consistency in its adopted account of embryology and adopt a proactive approach toward the bioethical ne w-emerging issues. (Source: Journal ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Prayer: A Helpful Aid in Recovery from Depression
AbstractDepression is a growing issue within the field of medicine. It negatively impacts individuals ’ lives and the people they are most connected to. For decades, medical professionals have been searching for solutions to assist those who are suffering from this illness. The use of drugs has not been a sufficient means of treatment to alleviate depression and its symptoms. There is a dire need to expand therapeutic interventions that can attribute meaningful recovery for victims of depression. One means of positive treatment is the use of prayer. Prayer, one of the most ancient forms of meditation, aligns and rela...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religious Integration and Psychological Distress: Different Patterns in Emerging Adult Males and Females
This study examined differences between male and female emerging adults on low, moderate, and high levels of religious integration in relation to psychological distress. Participants were recruited from undergraduate courses at a religiously affiliated, Midwestern university and completed the integration scale of the Personal Religious Inventory and the Langner Symptom Survey. Due to significantly higher reports of religious integration in female participants, the sample was separated by sex. A significant, negative correlation between religious integration and psychological distress was foundonly for females. Similarly, f...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Late Onset First Episode Psychosis Emerging as Delusional Misidentification of Familiar Sacred Places During a Holy Pilgrimage: A Case Report and Literature Review
DiscussionDMS are relatively rare and occur predominantly in association with schizophrenia and affective psychosis. Between 25 and 40% are associated with organic conditions such as dementia, head injuries, brain tumors, and epilepsy. Only three cases of misidentification of sacred places have been reported previously in the literature. This case report is the first to present a DMS, emerging as a late onset first episode psychosis during the sacred journey of Hajj.Clinical ImplicationsThe reported case highlights the importance of early recognition and treatment of mental health conditions that may appear de novo during ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Racial and Ethnic Differences in the Utilization of Prayer and Clergy Counseling by Infertile US Women Desiring Pregnancy
AbstractReligion can have a significant influence on the experience of infertility. However, it is unclear how many US women turn to religion when facing infertility. Here, we examine the utilization of prayer and clergy counsel among a nationally representative sample of 1062 infertile US women. Prayer was used by 74.8% of the participants, and clergy counsel was the most common formal support system utilized. Both prayer and clergy counsel were significantly more common among black and Hispanic women. Healthcare providers should acknowledge the spiritual needs of their infertile patients and ally with clergy when possibl...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Editor ’s Note
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Interrelation of Prayer and Worship Service Attendance in Moderating the Negative Impact of Life Event Stressors on Mental Well-Being
AbstractThe interrelation of worship service attendance and private prayer in moderating the negative impact of life event stressors on mental well-being is examined using hierarchical multiple regressions on a national sample of 2601 Americans. A theoretical model is proposed in which stressful life events are made less distressing under conditions in which exposure to pro-social content at worship services is internalized through frequent private prayer. Interactive models controlling for a block of potential confounds are run to confirm that the stress-moderating effects of worship service attendance are noted only when...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religious and Spiritual Salience, Well-Being, and Psychosocial Functioning Among Psychotherapy Clients: Moderator Effects for Humility
In this study, we investigate dispositional humility as a potential moderator in the relationship between religious and spiritual salience and (1) well-being and (2) psychosocial functioning outcomes in a clinical sample. Results indicated that dispositional humility significantly moderated the relationships tested. Implications for future research and clinical practice are discussed. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Cultured Meat in Islamic Perspective
AbstractCultured meat is a promising product that is derived through biotechnology that partially circumvents animal physiology, thereby being potentially more sustainable, environmentally friendly and animal friendly than traditional livestock meat. Such a novel technology that can impact many consumers evokes ethical, philosophical and religious discussions. For the Islamic community, the crucial question is whether cultured meat is halal, meaning compliant with Islamic laws. Since the culturing of meat is a new discovery, invention and innovation by scientists that has never been discussed by classical jurists (fuqaha &...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spiritual Health and Outcomes in Muslim ICU Patients: A Nationwide Cross-Sectional Study
AbstractThe aim of the present study is to describe how religiosity and spirituality affect the psychiatric morbidity of Muslim intensive care unit (ICU) patients. We conducted a prospective nationwide cross-sectional study  of ICU patients discharged from 45 medical centers spanning 31 proivinces in Iran. Adults (age ≥ 18 years) admitted to the ICU and treated with invasive mechanical ventilation were eligible. Nine validated survey tools were administered to detect direct and indirect associations between spir itual health (SH) and depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic disorder. The Hospital...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Ritual Participation, Sense of Community, and Social Well-Being: A Study of Seva in the Sikh Community
AbstractThe study examined the impact of frequency of ritual participation on sense of community and social well-being of a minority community in India, the Sikhs. We looked at a unique ritualistic practice of the Sikhs,seva. Rituals are known to contribute toward social solidarity and cohesion as well as physical and mental well-being. In particular for a minority community, rituals help group members establish and maintain strong community networks and a unique group identity. A total of 156 members of the Sikh community (85 males; 71 females) participated in the study. Frequency of ritual participation was positively re...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Determination of Hopelessness and Quality of Life in Patients with Heart Disease: An Example from Eastern Turkey
AbstractThis descriptive study was undertaken in order to determine hopelessness and quality of life among the patients with heart disease. No sampling was made, and 200 patients who were voluntary and were able to communicate were included in the study. The data of the study were collected using a personal information form that involved questions about patients ’ descriptive information and their diseases, Beck Hopelessness Scale and SF-36 Quality of Life Scale with a face-to-face interview technique. For the analyses of the data, percentages, means,t test, Kruskal –Wallis and Pearson’s correlation analy...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spirituality, Religiosity, Quality of Life and Mental Health Among Pantaneiros : A Study Involving a Vulnerable Population in Pantanal Wetlands, Brazil
This study aims to investigate the relationship between spirituality, religiosity (S/R), mental health and quality of life in a vulnerable population in thePantanal wetlands of Brazil. A total of 129 individuals were interviewed. We examined mental health (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale), quality of life (SF-12), spirituality (self-spirituality rating scale), religiosity (DUREL) and R/S opinions. Individuals had high levels of spirituality, non-organizational and intrinsic religiosity, but low levels of religious attendance. Most participants said they would like to have their faith addressed by a health professiona...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

A Longitudinal Study of Religiosity, Spiritual Health Locus of Control, and Health Behaviors in a National Sample of African Americans
AbstractThe present longitudinal study examined religious beliefs and behaviors, spiritual health locus of control (SHLOC), and selected health-related behaviors and outcomes in a national sample of 766 African American adults. Participants were interviewed by telephone three times over a 5-year period. Results indicated that stronger religious beliefs and religious behaviors were associated with greater changes in active SHLOC. There was some evidence of direct effects of religious beliefs and behaviors on changes in health behaviors. Religious behaviors were related to greater passive SHLOC over time across some health o...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Comparison of Attitudes Toward Death Between University Students Who Receive Nursing Education and Who Receive Religious Education
In conclusion, the education given to students about the religious or health aspects of death in accordance with the curriculum seemed to have no effects on students’ developing positive attitudes toward death. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Personal Transformation Process of Mental Health Relief Workers in Sichuan Earthquake
AbstractAfter Sichuan earthquake, a few dedicated teams of psychological volunteers have been committed to helping the survivors of the disaster for a long period. Their personal transformation experiences were absent in the literatures. The purpose of this qualitative research was to adopt a qualitative research to examine individuals ’ lived experiences of personal transformation after long-term disaster mental health services. The study interviewed 10 psychological counselors, 3 psychiatric nurses, 4 psychiatrist, and 6 social workers. We built an explorative model to understand disaster relief workers personal tr...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Are Religious Coping and Pain Perception Related Together? Assessment in Iranian Cancer Patients
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between religious coping and pain perception in Iranian cancer patients. In this cross-sectional study (October –December, 2015), 380 hospitalized cancer patients were entered to the study using accessible sampling. Data were collected by socio-demographic, Religious Coping and McGill pain questionnaires. Males (48.39 ± 13 ± 39; CI95: 46.41–50.38) are older than females (45.33 ± 18.44; CI95: 42.7 9–47.87). According to results, there was a significant relationship between pain perception and positive religi...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

A Nationwide Panel Study on Religious Involvement and Depression in South Africa: Evidence from the South African National Income Dynamics Study
AbstractPanel data from the South African National Income Dynamics Study, a nationally representative sample of households (years 2008, 2010 and 2012), were used to examine the longitudinal association between religious involvement and depression risk. Approximately 89.6 –91.8% identified themselves as religiously affiliated, while 88.0–90.3% perceived religion to be important in South Africa during the observed study periods. A short-term association between religious involvement and significant depressive symptomatology was not detected, but logistic regressio n models that accounted for the clustering of rep...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Shiite Perspective on the Moral Status of the Early Human Embryo: A Critical Review
AbstractAccording to Shiite perspective, the relative inviolability of the human embryo starts at the time of implantation and attains complete ethical status at ensoulment. Different paradigms of embryology have been influential on the understanding of Shiite jurists of the relevant Qur ’anic verses. This paper provides a critical review of the process of issuing religious decrees on issues related to the early human life and concludes that Shiite jurisprudence needs to obtain consistency in its adopted account of embryology and adopt a proactive approach toward the bioethical ne w-emerging issues. (Source: Journal ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Prayer: A Helpful Aid in Recovery from Depression
AbstractDepression is a growing issue within the field of medicine. It negatively impacts individuals ’ lives and the people they are most connected to. For decades, medical professionals have been searching for solutions to assist those who are suffering from this illness. The use of drugs has not been a sufficient means of treatment to alleviate depression and its symptoms. There is a dire need to expand therapeutic interventions that can attribute meaningful recovery for victims of depression. One means of positive treatment is the use of prayer. Prayer, one of the most ancient forms of meditation, aligns and rela...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religious Integration and Psychological Distress: Different Patterns in Emerging Adult Males and Females
This study examined differences between male and female emerging adults on low, moderate, and high levels of religious integration in relation to psychological distress. Participants were recruited from undergraduate courses at a religiously affiliated, Midwestern university and completed the integration scale of the Personal Religious Inventory and the Langner Symptom Survey. Due to significantly higher reports of religious integration in female participants, the sample was separated by sex. A significant, negative correlation between religious integration and psychological distress was foundonly for females. Similarly, f...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Moral Objections and Fear of Hell: An Important Barrier to Suicidality
AbstractThis review explores the literature to test the hypothesis that ‘moral objections to suicide (MOS), especially the conviction of going to hell after committing suicide, exert a restraining effect on suicide and suicidality.’ Medline and PsycInfo were searched using all relevant search terms; all relevant articles were selected, rated and reviewed. Fifteen cr oss-sectional studies were available on this topic, and raise sufficient evidence to confirm a restraining effect of MOS, and sparse data on fear of hell. MOS seem to counteract especially the development of suicidal intent and attempts, and possibl...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Late Onset First Episode Psychosis Emerging as Delusional Misidentification of Familiar Sacred Places During a Holy Pilgrimage: A Case Report and Literature Review
DiscussionDMS are relatively rare and occur predominantly in association with schizophrenia and affective psychosis. Between 25 and 40% are associated with organic conditions such as dementia, head injuries, brain tumors, and epilepsy. Only three cases of misidentification of sacred places have been reported previously in the literature. This case report is the first to present a DMS, emerging as a late onset first episode psychosis during the sacred journey of Hajj.Clinical ImplicationsThe reported case highlights the importance of early recognition and treatment of mental health conditions that may appear de novo during ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Opinions and Expectations of Muslim Donors ’ Relatives Deciding Organ Donation: The Sample of Istanbul
AbstractThe low rate of consent by relatives of potential donors especially in Muslim majority countries is one of the basic limiting factors of the success of organ transplantation. Therefore, this study aimed to explore opinions and expectations of relatives after donating their beloved ones ’ organs on a Muslim sample in Istanbul Region. Descriptive method was used. Data were collected from 82 of 95 Muslim donor relatives who agreed to participate in the study between the March and July 2014 via telephone calls. It was found that most of the relatives had donated the organs of their relatives for “keeping al...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Racial and Ethnic Differences in the Utilization of Prayer and Clergy Counseling by Infertile US Women Desiring Pregnancy
AbstractReligion can have a significant influence on the experience of infertility. However, it is unclear how many US women turn to religion when facing infertility. Here, we examine the utilization of prayer and clergy counsel among a nationally representative sample of 1062 infertile US women. Prayer was used by 74.8% of the participants, and clergy counsel was the most common formal support system utilized. Both prayer and clergy counsel were significantly more common among black and Hispanic women. Healthcare providers should acknowledge the spiritual needs of their infertile patients and ally with clergy when possibl...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Editor ’s Note
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Impact of Spirituality/Religiousness on Cyber Bullying and Victimization in University Students: Mediating Effect of Emotional Intelligence
AbstractThe aim of the study was to explore the relationship between spirituality/religiousness with cyber bullying and victimization amongst Indian University students and whether emotional intelligence mediates the relationship. Data were collected from 490 University students studying in undergraduate and postgraduate courses across India. IBM AMOS was used to find reliability and validity of instruments and PROCESS macro for IBM SPSS by Preacher and Hayes (Behav Res Methods 36(4): 717 –731,2004) was used for conducting mediation analyses. Both spiritual and existential well-being were found negatively related wit...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 29, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Role of Religious Socialization and Religiosity in African American and Caribbean Black Adolescents ’ Sexual Initiation
This study determined the nature of the associations between religious socialization, religiosity, and adolescent sexual initiation. Data originated from the National Survey of American Life-Adolescent (n = 1170), a nationally representative study of black adolescents. Factor analysis, structural equation modeling, and logistic regression were used to evaluate hypotheses. Results indicated that as black adolescents received more messages about religious beliefs and practices, their religiosity w as greater and, in turn, they were less likely to report sexual initiation; findings varied by ethnicity, gender, a...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 29, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Influence of Religion and Spirituality on HIV Prevention Among Black and Latino Men Who Have Sex with Men, New York City
AbstractThe influence of religion and spirituality (R/S) on HIV prevention has been understudied, especially for Black and/or Latino men who have sex with men (BLMSM), who bear a disproportionate burden of HIV, and who are part of racial/ethnic communities with high engagement in R/S. The specific aim of this study was to explore perspectives about R/S among BLMSM to inform HIV prevention strategies and reduce HIV-related health disparities. Data from 105 qualitative interviews with BLMSM were analyzed; 58 (55%) stated that R/S had no personal influence on HIV prevention. For those reporting any R/S influence, main themes ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 29, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spiritual Transcendence and Psychological Adjustment: The Moderating Role of Personality in Burn Patients
AbstractThe current study examined the moderating role of personality traits (neuroticism and extraversion) on the relationship between spiritual transcendence and positive change, and spiritual transcendence and distress in burn patients. The sample (N = 98) comprised adult burn patients (age = 25–50) admitted to three hospitals in Lahore, Pakistan. They were assessed according to a demographic information sheet, the NEO Personality Inventory (McCrae and Costa in J Personal Soc Psychol 52:81–90,1987), the Spiritual Transcendence Index (Seidlitz et al. in J Sci Study Relig 41:439 –453,...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 29, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Mechanisms Behind Religiosity and Spirituality ’s Effect on Mental Health, Quality of Life and Well-Being
AbstractThis cross-sectional study aims to evaluate the role of meaning, peace, faith and religiosity on mental health, quality of life (QOL) and well-being in 782 adults. We found associations between (a) meaning and peace with less depression and more QOL, (b) peace with less stress and (c) faith and religiousness with more psychological QOL. Meaning and peace were more strongly associated with health outcomes, and those with high levels of intrinsic religiosity but low levels of meaning/peace have worse outcomes than those with low religiousness and high meaning/peace. However, religious participants found great meaning...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 29, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Nursing Practices in Catholic Healthcare: A Case Study of Nurses in a Catholic Private Hospital
AbstractWe aimed to investigate Catholic Identity and Mission communication specifically how nurses were expressing the Catholic healthcare values in practice. A mixed-methods, case study design was used and included non-participant observation, a mid-level manager focus group (n  = 7) and online surveys (n = 144). Document and observational data analysis revealed the organisation’s commitment to visible indication of Catholic values adherence. Focus group analysis revealed two themes, ‘Catholic values in action’ and ‘taking the extra step’. The impact of Catho lic Identity...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 29, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Sociodemographic Factors Associated with Types of Projects Implemented by Volunteer Lay Health Educators in Their Congregations
This study focused on the association between type of community health interventions and lay health educator variables. Lay health educators are volunteers from local faith communities who complete a healthcare training program, taught by physicians in-training. Lay health educators are instructed to implement health-related initiatives in their respective communities after graduation. Of the 72 graduates since 2011, we surveyed 55 lay health educators to gain insight into their involvement with their congregation and the type of health projects they have implemented. We dichotomized the health projects into “raising...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 29, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Influence of Religious and Spiritual Elements on Adherence to Pharmacological Treatment
The objective of this study is to know the influence of religious/spiritual elements on the adherence to pharmacological therapy. The descriptors used for this literature review were “medicine, medication, drug, or treatment,” “adherence to treatment,” and “religion or spirituality or faith or prayer” in different databases (CINAHL, PsycINFO, PubMed). Finally, 23 articles were selected. Articles available in full text, published between 2010 and 2017, in English or S panish were included. The results showed that some studies relate positively the R/S and therapeutic adherence, but others...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 29, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Near-Death Experiences in a Multi-religious Hospital Population in Sri Lanka
AbstractNear-death experiences (NDEs) are a wide range of experiences that occur in association with impending death. There are no published studies on NDEs in general hospital populations, and studies have been mainly conducted on critically ill patients. We assessed the prevalence of NDEs and its associations in a multi-religious population in a general hospital in Sri Lanka. A randomised sample of patients admitted to the Colombo North Teaching Hospital was assessed using the Greyson NDE scale and clinical assessment. Out of total 826 participants, NDEs were described by 3%. Compared to the NDE-negative participants, th...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 29, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Health and Religions: A Bibliometric Analysis of Health Literature Related to Abrahamic Religions Between 1975 and 2017
In this study, we aimed to perform bibliometric analysis of the health literature related to the most populous Abrahamic religions during the period of 1975 –2017 by using Web of Science database including WoS Collection Core Collection, Korean Journal Database, Russian Science Citation Index and SciELO Citation Index. In overall evaluation, the USA ranked first in publication productivity with 1388 items and covered 37.21% of total literature. The Jo urnal of Religion and Health published the highest number of documents (n  =  351). We found a total of 1329 items in health and Christianity field, and t...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 29, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Roles of Religious Commitment, Emotion Regulation and Social Support in Preoperative Anxiety
This study investigated the roles of religious commitment, emotion regulation (cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression) and social support in preoperative anxiety in a sample of 210 surgical inpatients from a Nigerian tertiary healthcare institution. A cross-sectional design was adopted. Before the surgery, respondents completed the state anxiety subscale of State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Religious Commitment Inventory, Emotion Regulation Questionnaire and Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support. After controlling for relevant demographic factors, regression results showed that cognitive reappraisal, so...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 25, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Investigation of the Fear of 7 –18-Year-Old Hospitalized Children for Illness and Hospital
This study was performed descriptively in order to examine the fears of hospitalized children for illness and hospital. The study was descriptive and sectional and performed in Karabük University (Turkey) Training and Research Hospital between February 1 and May 1, 2015. Sample of the study was composed of 144 children who were hospitalized due to an acute illness and their parents who approved to participate in the study. Participant information form and an information form that was prepared to evaluate the fears of children for illness and hospital were u sed as data collection tools. Data were collected by face-to-...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 22, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Investigating Socioeconomic Disparities in the Potential Healthy Eating and Physical Activity Environments of Churches
This study examines the number of potential indoor and outdoor physical activity opportunities, healthy eating opportunities, healthy living media, and total environmental resources present in churches (n = 54) in a rural, southeastern US county and the relationship between these resources and neighborhood income. In our sample, most churches offered potential indoor and outdoor opportunities for physical activity and healthy eating opportunities, with more variability in the number of healthy l iving media items on display compared to other environmental components. Common potential opportunities present in ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 21, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Cultural and Religious Variation in Attitudes to Young People Consenting to Health Interventions
AbstractThere is a limited amount of empirical data available regarding the cultural and religious variation in perceptions about the age when young people should be regarded as competent to make decisions in health settings. A public survey of 400 adults from diverse religious and ethnic backgrounds was conducted in the UK and Spain. Attitudes were assessed using case vignettes. It was found that high religious practice was associated with recommending a higher age of consent for medical interventions. White British adults were more likely than Spanish adults to agree that younger adolescents should be allowed to consent ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 21, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religiousness/Spirituality, Resilience and Burnout in Employees of a Public Hospital in Brazil
AbstractThe present study aimed to determine the relation between religiousness/spirituality (R/S), resilience and burnout in employees of a public hospital. A total of 57 participants were evaluated, and the R/S Brief Multidimensional Measure, Pesce and collaborators ’ resilience scale and Maslach Burnout Inventory were used. Most employees (91.2%) were females. It was observed that the burnout and resilience variables showed statistically significant differences in relation to R/S dimensions. The results identified an association between R/S, resilience and b urnout, demonstrating that employees who are more religi...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 21, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religious Involvement, Anxiety/Depression, and PTSD Symptoms in US Veterans and Active Duty Military
This study examines the relationship between religiosity and PTSD symptoms, and the mediating effects of anxiety and depression in Veterans and Active Duty Military (V/ADM). This was a cross-sectional multi-site study involving 585 V/ADM recruited from across the USA. Inclusion criteria were having served in a combat theater and PTSD symptoms. Demographics, military characteristics, and social factors were assessed, along with measurement of religiosity, PTSD symptoms, depression, and anxiety. Bivariate and multivariate analyses examined the religiosity –PTSD relationship and the mediating effects of anxiety/depressi...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 17, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Amanah and Muslim Identity: Relationships with Religious and Psychological Adjustment in Malaysia
AbstractAmanah refers to the accountability of Muslims to their community. In Malaysian Muslim university students (N = 209), anAmanah Scale predicted a stronger sense of identity along with more adaptive religious and psychosocial functioning. Multiple regression analyses identified Accountability to Society as especially influential, but Accountability to Allah exhibited at least some problematic implications.Amanah mediated Identity linkages with some measures of religious and psychological adjustment, but also suppressed Identity relationships with greater self-knowledge and lower anxiety. These data conf...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 17, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Midwifery Students ’ Perceptions of Spirituality and Spiritual Care: An Example from Western Turkey
AbstractThis cross-sectional study aimed to explore Turkish midwifery students ’ perceptions of spirituality and spiritual care and to investigate the factors affecting them. Data were collected from 271 students of the Midwifery Department of the High School of Health of a state university in the west of Turkey using the Spirituality and Spiritual Care Rating Scale. A signi ficant difference was found between belief in the need for spiritual care and the practice of spiritual care during midwifery training and the total score on the Spirituality and Spiritual Care Rating Scale, but no significant difference was foun...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 10, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

A Qualitative Examination of VA Chaplains ’ Understandings and Interventions Related to Moral Injury in Military Veterans
This study examines VA chaplains ’ understandings of moral injury (MI) and preferred intervention strategies. Drawing qualitative responses with a nationally-representative sample, content analyses indicated that chaplains’ definitions of MI comprised three higher order clusters: (1) MI events, (2) mechanisms in development of MI, and (3) warning signs of MI. Similarly, chaplains’ intervention foci could be grouped into three categories: (1) pastoral/therapeutic presence, (2) implementing specific interventions, and (3) therapeutic processes to promote moral repair. Findings are discussed related to emerg...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 9, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research