“A Temple of God”: A Qualitative Analysis of the connection Between Spiritual/Religious Beliefs and Health Among Mormons
AbstractIn the last decades, studies have increasingly shown an association between religious/spiritual beliefs (R/S) and several health outcomes. In this context, Mormons provide an intriguing case for such investigation because Mormonism stands out for its commitment to the “Word of Wisdom” with several restrictions and recommendations. Despite the consolidated wide array of evidence, showing that the relationship between “Word of Wisdom” and health may usually have a protective effect in North-American studies, little is know about this community in other coun tries and, to our knowledge, no heal...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 8, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Assessing Health Needs in African American Churches: A Mixed-Methods Study
This study aimed to assess health needs in African American churches using a mixed-methods approach. Based on quantitative and qualitative data collected from eight African American churches in Nebraska in 2017, the most prevalent chronic conditions among participating African American church members (n = 388) included hypertension (60.8%), allergies (41.0%), arthritis (36.4%), high cholesterol (35.8%), and diabetes (28.1%). Significant predictors of fair or poor health were identified as male sex, unemployment, delayed utilization of health care in the past 12 months due to cost, lower frequ ency of chu...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 8, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Myth of the Stupid Believer: The Negative Religiousness –IQ Nexus is Not on General Intelligence ( g ) and is Likely a Product of the Relations Between IQ and Autism Spectrum Traits
AbstractNumerous studies have found a negative relationship between religiousness and IQ. It is in the region of − 0.2, according to meta-analyses. The reasons for this relationship are, however, unknown. It has been suggested that higher intelligence leads to greater attraction to science, or that it helps to override evolved cognitive dispositions such as for religiousness. Either way, such explanations assume that the religion–IQ nexus is on general intelligence (g), rather than some subset of specialized cognitive abilities. In other words, they assume it is a Jensen effect. Two large datasets compar...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Untangling Spiritual Contradictions Through the Psychology of Lived Paradox: Integrating Theological Diversity in the Old Testament with Durand ’s Framework on the Imaginary
AbstractThere are many theological themes that appear in the Old Testament in Israel ’s relationship with Yahweh. These themes contain multiple emphases throughout different times in Israel’s history that can richly inform how the contemporary believer is to relate with God. At times though, these varied themes can seem to cross in opposition with one another. Having a framework of theological diversity is helpful in untangling potential theological contradictions that can otherwise threaten to strangle the well-being of the believer trying to live faithfully in light of the whole canon of Scripture. Insights f...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 4, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Feasibility and Acceptability of a Telephone-Based Chaplaincy Intervention to Decrease Parental Spiritual Struggle
This study ’s purpose was to test feasibility, acceptability, and fidelity of an intervention to decrease SS of parents of children with CF. Parents screening positive for SS were enrolled and were randomized to intervention or attention-control condition. Intervention focused on intra-, inter-, and divine S S. Mixed linear modeling examined between-group differences. We present analyses ofN = 23, and participants all showed decreased levels of SS. Acceptability was high; feasibility was higher in the intervention arm. GuideSS_CF is acceptable and feasible and warrants development as a potentially effic...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 4, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Determination of Intercultural Sensitivity Among Nurses
AbstractThis descriptive study was carried out between July 2017 and August 2017 in an Obstetrics/Gynecology and Children Hospital affiliated to Gaziantep provincial directorate of health. The study population consisted of 363 nurses working in the aforementioned Obstetrics/Gynecology and Children Hospital, and the non-probability sampling method was implemented to reach them. Of the nurses included in the study population, 183 who volunteered to participate in the study comprised the sample of the study. The data were collected from the nurses who filled in the data collection forms given by the researchers using the pape...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 3, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

A Narrative Approach to Spirituality and Spiritual Care in Health Care
This article delves into these hermeneutic and existential questions, suggesting that narrative is a comprehensive phenomenon through which spirituality can be described and understood. This leads to a systematic description of spirituality, which is both defined and described herein. This article ends with a reflection on the clinical implications of this model, drawing upon both practical literature and impressions from the author ’s own spiritual care clinical practice. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 3, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Sacred and Stressed: Testing a Model of Clergy Health
AbstractIn many ways, clergy and religious leaders are an ignored, yet high-risk population. A clergy member unable to cope with challenges in his or her own life may be ineffective at helping church members to cope with their stress. In the present study, we developed and tested an operational model of clergy holistic health, including occupational demands, and personal and job-related resources. Data were collected from clergy (N = 418) and analyzed using correlational and regression-based techniques. Results from the present study provide support for thedemands-control-support model (Johnson and Hall in Am...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 3, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Role of Religion and Religiosity in Alcohol Consumption in Adolescents in Spain
This study explored the relationship between religion, religiosity and alcohol consumption in a sample of 2.890 adolescents (ages 12 –18) in Madrid, Spain. Results showed that non-believers were the group that consume and abuse alcohol the most, as opposed to Catholics. Besides, religiosity was related to a lower alcohol use. Therefore, religion and religiosity in Spanish adolescents appear to be related to a low alcohol use. T his contribution may help to clarify the risk and protection factors for alcohol consumption by adolescents and contribute to strengthening the preventive actions. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - September 24, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Does Religiosity Reduce Narcissistic Personality Disorder? Examining the Case of Muslim University Students
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to examine the influences of religiousness on the prevalence of Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) among young adults. Prevalence of three forms of Allportian religious orientation, three forms of quest religious orientation and seven symptoms of NPD were examined through self-reported measures. 618 randomly selected Muslim students from the four public sector Pakistani universities participated in the study. Three research instruments comprising Religious Orientation Scale developed by Gorsuch and McPherson, Quest Scale developed by Batson and Schoenrade and Narcissistic Personal...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - September 24, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spiritual Health: A Concept Analysis
AbstractSpiritual health has attracted a lot of attention in health-related and nursing sciences and numerous researches. Yet, this concept has remained complex and ambiguous, and there is no consensus in this regard. This ambiguity can be challenging for holistic nursing; therefore, clarification of the concept is required for development of nursing knowledge. The present study aimed to explore the concept of spiritual health in health-related and nursing literature. Walker and Avant (Strategies for theory construction in nursing, Appleton& Lange, Norwalk,1995) concept analysis method was used in this study. The resul...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - September 24, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

“Not in My House”: Perspectives on HIV/AIDS of Afro-Caribbean Adolescents Living in South Florida
AbstractFlorida has the highest number of PLWH in the USA, with the highest incidence being among young African-Americans. The purpose of this qualitative inquiry was to gain an understanding of the knowledge and attitudes to HIV/AIDS among Afro-Caribbean adolescents. Using a faith-based community, we conducted four focus group sessions with 40 Afro-Caribbean teens. Descriptive content and thematic analyses were used to examine the data. Themes identified include awareness gap, temptation everywhere, testing anxiety and stigma. Recommendations include continued exploration and interventions to address stigma in faith-based...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - September 24, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religiously/Spiritually Involved, but in Doubt or Disbelief —Why? Healthy?
AbstractThe question of why atheists and agnostic theists attend religious services and pray (and what that might mean for their health) is examined through (1) a thematic analysis of commentaries, perspective pieces, and news articles from the popular literature, and (2) a critical review of scholarly research involving comparisons between religious and nonreligious individuals on a variety of health-related outcomes. Findings suggest that atheists and agnostic theists can take pleasure in attending religious services, and they may be driven to pray at times. In many cases, this was explained by their efforts to stay conn...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - September 24, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Cross-Cultural Differences in the Influences of Spiritual and Religious Tendencies on Beliefs in Genetic Determinism and Family Health History Communication: A Teleological Approach
AbstractAdopting a teleological approach, this study investigates how beliefs in genetic determinism, intentional spirituality, and religious tendencies are associated with family health history (FHH) communication among European American, Chinese, and Korean college students. The results indicate that intentional spirituality was negatively associated with beliefs in genetic determinism and FHH communication, while beliefs in genetic determinism were positively associated with FHH communication. Intrinsic and extrinsic religiosity and paranormal beliefs showed interesting dynamics with beliefs in genetic determinism and F...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - September 24, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Religiosity and Anxiety: A Meta-analysis
The objective of the present study was to apply meta-analysis statistical techniques to 10 Arabic studies of this association. All of the respondents were Arab citizens, ranging in age between 14 and 43  years, and the vast majority of them were Muslims. Religiosity and anxiety were assessed with seven different scales. In all of the studies, the administration of the scales was in small group sessions and in the Arabic language. Pearson correlation coefficients were calculated between the religio sity and anxiety scale scores. All the correlations were negative. All but one were statistically significant, ranging fro...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - September 24, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Go in Peace: Brain Death, Reasonable Accommodation and Jewish Mourning Rituals
AbstractReligious objections to brain death are common among Orthodox Jews. These objections often lead to conflicts between families of patients who are diagnosed with brain death, and physicians and hospitals. Israel, New York and New Jersey (among other jurisdictions) include accommodation clauses in their regulations or laws regarding the determination of death by brain-death criteria. The purpose of these clauses is to allow families an opportunity to oppose or even veto (in the case of Israel and New Jersey) determinations of brain death. In New York, the extent and duration of this accommodation period are generally...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - September 24, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Confluence of Western Psychotherapy and Religious Teachings in Mental Healthcare of an Asian Buddhist Community: Sri Lanka
This article aimed to highlight the association between Western psychotherapeutic techniques with Buddhist teachings and the relevance of this confluence to the mental health care in the country. Many schools of Western psychotherapy employ principles which are also described in Buddhist philosophy. Understanding this connection helps to deliver a culturally acceptable and relevant mental healt h care to the Sri Lankan population. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - September 24, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Workplace Spirituality and Workforce Agility: A Psychological Exploration Among Teaching Professionals
AbstractLearning organizations are in dire need of teaching professionals eager to develop and grow up fast while maintaining a positive aura around them. An agile workforce consists of upbeat, adjustable, supple, adventurous and pliant employees who perceive life optimistically and flaunt an open mind to gather wisdom for personal development; have better analytical skills; can acclimatize continuously with the changing work environment. Teachers are the soul of any academic institution, and there is an urgent need to cultivate an agile teaching workforce by assisting them to be psychologically empowered. The key purpose ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - September 23, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Relationship Between Religious Orientation and Death Anxiety in Elderly Individuals
This study aims to identify the relationship between religious orientation and death anxiety in elderly individuals aged 65 and over. This study is cross sectional in nature. It was conducted with the participation of 250 individuals aged 65 and over who were registered in Family Health Centers in the city center located in the eastern part of Turkey between February and June, 2018. The participants ’ Religious Orientation Scale mean score was found to be 53.03 ± 9.91, and Religious Orientation Scale mean score was found to be significantly higher in married people, in graduates of high school, i...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - September 20, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Does Religiosity/Spirituality Play a Role in Function, Pain-Related Beliefs, and Coping in Patients with Chronic Pain? A Systematic Review
AbstractThis systematic review examined the extent to which measures of religiosity/spirituality (R/S): (1) are associated with pain, function, pain-related beliefs (beliefs), coping responses, and catastrophizing in people with chronic pain; and (2) moderate the association between beliefs, coping and catastrophizing, and pain and function. Experimental and observational studies examining at least one of these research questions in adults with chronic pain were eligible. Two reviewers independently performed eligibility screening, data extraction, and quality assessment. Twenty studies were included. Most studies focused ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - September 18, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Coping Through Religiosity, Spirituality and Social Support Among Muslim Chronic Hepatitis Patients
This study has attempted to describe empirical reality of how these factors influence patients. The sample of this study was 500 chronically ill hepatitis patients and was selected through the multistage sampling techniques. Through structured interview sche dule, data were collected during the period of September 2016 to March 2017 from five most populated cities of Punjab (Pakistan). Data were analyzed through descriptive (frequency and percentage) and inferential statistics (Cronbach’s alpha, Pearson correlation, and structural equation modeling). The study suggests some recommendations and suggestions to policy m...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - September 16, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Principle of “Damage Exclusion” as a Benchmark in Catholic Discussions of Homologous Artificial Insemination
This article aims to analyze the morality of AI from a new angle, namely whether these interventions exclude all possibility of damaging the human embryo and the offspring ’s health. The scientific evidence about the children’s health who are born through AI allows us to affirm that the procedures do not comply with the principle of damage exclusion: AI does not exclude all possibility of damaging the embryo and impacting the health and exposure to disease of the offspring born through these techniques. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - September 14, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Effects of Religious Orientations on the Prevalence of Social Media Disorder Among Muslim University Students in Pakistan
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of religious orientations on the prevalence of social media disorder among Muslim university students in Pakistan. A total of 686 students (59.0% females), enrolled in the three public-sector universities, participated in the study. The new indices of religious orientation revised and a short version of social media disorder scale were adapted to collect the required information. Both scales demonstrated high reliability coefficients. Results demonstrate significant differences in the religious orientations of disordered and non-disordered social media user...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - September 14, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spirituality and Mental Health Care in a Religiously Homogeneous Country: Definitions, Opinions, and Practices Among Polish Mental Health Professionals
This article deepens the knowledge on including spirituality in mental health care, with spec ial consideration for a specific context of a highly religious and religiously homogenous culture. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - September 11, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Assessment of Mental Health Elderly with Chronic Pain Based on Quranic Components
This study is the first study to evaluate the MH status of chronic patients based on Quranic components, and their MH status has been high. It is suggested that the relationship between MH based on Quranic components and variables related to health be measured. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - September 6, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Our Bodies are Temples: Health Programming in Christian Church Communities
AbstractThis exploratory research considers the ways in which Christian churches provide health and wellness programming to their congregations and the surrounding community. We investigated one community in the Pacific Northwest region of the USA. Here we examined the types of health-related programs promoted by the church community, to whom these programs are directed, and the theological motivations for providing such services. We also analyzed the sociocultural dynamics of each congregation that may lead some churches to promote health and wellness more than others. Findings suggest that many churches focus primarily o...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - September 6, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Effect of Religion Therapy on the Elderly Cognitive Status
AbstractThe elderly is passing from a stage to another new stage of life, with cognitive changes and a reduction in the physiological functions of this age. With increasing age, spiritual needs and attitudes increase. So, this study was conducted aimed to investigate the effect of group spiritual therapy on the cognitive state of the elderly. This experimental study was conducted in two experimental and control groups on 50 elderly people in Golestan Province in 2012, by simple random sampling. Data collection tool was Mini-Mental State Examination. In the experimental group, eight group therapy sessions were performed for...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - September 4, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Communicating with Clinicians on Fasting during Ramadan: The Patients ’ Perspective
AbstractCaring for millions of Muslim patients who decide to fast during Ramadan can be challenging for clinicians. Using a theory-guided approach, this study explores Muslim patients ’ perspectives on factors influencing communication with clinicians in relation to fasting during Ramadan. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with a sample of patients in Egypt (9) and the USA (8). Participants were purposefully sampled to assure variance in age, gender, education, decision to fast and ethnicity. Data emerging from narratives were mapped to constructs within the Linguistic Model of Patient Participation in Care (...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - September 4, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Patient Perceptions About the Role of Religion and Spirituality During Cancer Care
AbstractWe sought to assess the perspectives of cancer patients relative to their spiritual well-being, as well as examine the impact of religion/spirituality during cancer care. A mixed-methods concurrent embedded online survey design was used. While 86% of participants indicated a religious/spiritual belief, respondents  also reported lower overall spiritual well-being than population norms (t(73)  = − 5.30,p  
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - September 3, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Spiritual Health and Religious Coping with Death Anxiety in the Elderly
This study aimed to determine the relationship between spiritual health and religious coping with the death anxiety in the elderly people. The study is a descriptive cross-sectional study: 180 Elderly according to similar studies. Data gathering tools are Paloutzain and Ellison SH questionn aire, religious coping questionnaire and death anxiety questionnaire. SPSS16 and descriptive and analytical tests were used; there was a relationship between religious health and religious coping with the anxiety (p 
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 30, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spiritual Dimension at the End of Life: A Phenomenological Study from the Caregiver ’s Perspective
The objective of the study is to understand the meaning that individuals at the end of life and the relatives of such individuals award spiritual and/or religious beliefs through an examination of caregiver narratives. Multicentric study was developed that used a qualitative design and a phenomenological approach. The study was conducted in the autonomous community of Andalusia, specifically in the provinces of Almeria, Malaga, Seville, Granada, and Huelva. The selection method was purposive sampling. Caregivers who had lost a relative in a period between 2  months and 2 years previously and who were not in a pro...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 29, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spirituality, a Path to Peace: The Experiences of Parents Who Have Children with Phenylketonuria
AbstractHaving a child with phenylketonuria is extremely stressful for the parents. These parents always look for solutions for negative effects of their child ’s disease. Parents’ strategies are affected by various background factors and vary according to parents’ culture, religion, education, etc. The present study was aimed at assessing the effect of spirituality on the life of parents with a PKU child, and the effect of child disease on the paren ts’ spirituality. The study was conducted in Kerman, Iran, in 2018; 21 participants (14 mothers, 6 fathers with PKU children, and one nurse) were selec...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 28, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Perceptions of Clergy Regarding the Provision of Spiritual Care in Lithuanian Hospitals for Cancer Patients
AbstractThis paper presents an analysis of narratives drawn from research that examined the views of clergy in regard to the provision of spiritual care in Lithuanian hospitals. The purpose of this research was to examine the shared responsibilities between what nurses do in the provision of holistic care and that of the clergy who are employed to provide spiritual care. A thematic analysis was undertaken, guided by questions related to how spirituality was perceived by the clergy; how spiritual care was defined; clergy ’s perceptions to nurses’ provision of spiritual care, and whether there was a delineation b...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 28, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Altruism Trait: The Role of Religiousness
AbstractThe aim of this study was to investigate the role of religiousness in predicting the altruism in students at Islamic Azad University of Neyshabur. The statistical population of this study included all students who studying at Islamic Azad University of Neyshabur in 2016 –2017 academic years. Among them, 150 subjects were selected based on stratified sampling method upon humanities, science, engineering, physical education and medical fields. To collect the data, participants were administered Glock and Stark’s religiousness scale (Religion and society in tensio n, Chicago, Rand McNally, Skokie, 1965) an...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 28, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Measuring Spiritual Well-Being in Brazilian Adolescents with Chronic Illness Using the FACIT-Sp-12: Age Adaptation of the Self-Report Version, Development of the Parental-Report Version, and Validation
This study adapted the 12-item Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Spiritual Well-being Scale (FACIT-Sp-12) for use with Brazilian adolescents with chronic diseases and developed a parental observer-rated version, using an expert panel, back-translation, and cognitive interviews with 72 participants. The psychometric properties of both versions were verified with two- and three-factor models by testing with 212 participants. The self- and parental-reported versions showed face validity, content validity, and acceptable levels of internal consistency for the overall scale and the two-factor model. The convergen...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 24, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Impact of Religiosity on Delirium Severity Among Critically Ill Shi ’a Muslims: A Prospective Multi-Center Observational Study
This study assesses the impact of religiosity on delirium severity and patient outcomes among Shi ’a Muslim intensive care unit (ICU) patients. We conducted a prospective observational cohort study in 21 ICUs from 6 Iranian academic medical centers. Delirium was assessed using the Confusion Assessment Method for the ICU (CAM-ICU) tool. Eligible patients were intubated, receiving mechanical ven tilation (MV) for ≥ 48 h. Illness severity was assessed using Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) scores. A total of 4200 patients were enrolled. Patient religiosity was categoriz...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 21, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Correction to: Belief, Behavior, and Belonging: How Faith is Indispensable in Preventing and Recovering from Substance Abuse
The original publication of this article (Grim and Grim 2019) contained the old name for a Department of Health and Human Services ’ Center above the section “Faith’s Relationship with Substance Abuse in General”. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 21, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Does Location of Practice or Religiosity Predict Negative Physician Attitudes or Beliefs Toward LGB+ Individuals?
AbstractThe purpose of this study is to extend the Sabin et al ’s. (Am J Public Health 105(9):1831–1841,2015.https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2015.302631) findings to examine the extent to which religiosity and/or geographic region is predictive of negative attitudes or beliefs toward lesbian, gay, bisexual, and asexual (LGB+) individuals. Secondary data from the Sexuality Implicit Association Test were analyzed. Data included only participants from 2013 to 2015 who identified “Healthcare – Diagnosing and Treating Practitioners” as their occupation (n = 1376). The results of a factor...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 16, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Development and Validation of Religious Tolerance Scale for Youth
The objective of the present research was to develop and validate an indigenous scale of religious tolerance for young adults, based on Van der Walt (2014) model of religious tolerance. The two independent studies were conducted in this regard. In the first study, a pool of 81 items was generated and after qualitative analysis and pilot study, 53 items were retained for exploratory factor analysis. Using the data from the sample of (N = 500) students, the items were then subjected to principal component analysis using varimax rotation method. A factor solution based on 25 items and 7 well-structured factors w...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 14, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Community Intervention for Syrian Refugees in Baltimore City: The Lay Health Educator Program at a Local Mosque
This study focused on a partnership with a mosque in Baltimore, MD, and its impact on the local Syrian refugee population through a peer-to-peer healthcare training program. We implemented the Lay Health Educator Program over a 6-week period in an effort to teach members of the mosque about healthcare-related topics that they could then disseminate to the Syrian refugee population that attends the mosque. Physicians and nurses instructed community members on health, healthcare resources, and healthcare information during 2-h long sessions once a week. A total of 18 community members took part in the program, and their part...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 14, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spirituality, Coping, and Resilience Among Rural Residents Living with Chronic Kidney Disease
We examined the effects of spirituality on chronic kidney disease (CKD) maintenance in the rural community of Robeson County, North Carolina. We conducted nine focus group discussions and 16 interviews involving 80 diverse key informants impacted by CKD. As disenfranchised patients, they locally engaged in spirituality which mobilized personal and social resources and elicited support from a transcendent authority. Our participants developed a heuristic and aesthetic understanding of disease, built resilience and self-care skills, and improved overall coping and survival. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 7, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Associations Between Depressive Symptoms and Religiosity in Young Adults
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between religiosity and depressive symptoms among young adults, as well as determine whether possession of parental assets influences the relationship between religiosity and depressive symptoms. Young adults (n = 775) from universities in the southwest were sent an online survey, evaluating depressive symptoms, religiosity beliefs, and the protective assets of the relationships with their mother and father. With regard to young adult depressive symptoms, results showed a significant inverse associatio n with levels of organizational religious ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 1, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Brazilian Physicians ’ Beliefs and Attitudes Toward Patients’ Spirituality: Implications for Clinical Practice
AbstractA substantial amount of international research has demonstrated the impact of spirituality/religiosity (S/R) on health outcomes. However, we do not know much about physician ’s beliefs and attitudes toward patient’s spirituality. The aim of this study was to evaluate the implications of physicians’ beliefs toward patient’s spirituality for clinical practice in the Brazilian context. Results of a literature review as well as an empirical research carried out on a sample of 48 Brazilian physicians, from two hospitals, regarding their beliefs and attitudes toward patient’s spirituality ar...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - July 3, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religious Attendance and Biological Risk: A National Longitudinal Study of Older Adults
AbstractAlthough several studies suggest that religious involvement is associated with healthier biological functioning in later life, most of this work is cross-sectional. We extend previous research by employing a longitudinal design. Our analysis of Health and Retirement Study (2006/2010) data suggests that older adults who attended religious services weekly or more in 2006 tend to exhibitfewer high-risk biomarkers in 2010 and greaterreductions in allostatic load over the 4-year study period than respondents who attended yearly or not at all. These patterns persisted with adjustments for baseline allostatic load and a r...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - July 3, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Who Does Believe in life After Death? Brazilian Data from Clinical and Non-clinical Samples
AbstractBelief in afterlife is frequent, but little is known about how it relates to religiousness/spirituality (R/S) and socio-demographic variables. To investigate how the beliefs in afterlife and that “there is something beyond matter” are associated with socio-demographic, health, and R/S dimensions in a sample of medical inpatients and their companions. In multivariate analysis, afterlife belief correlated positively to educational level, religious affiliation, belief in something beyond ma tter, and private religious practices. Believe in something beyond matter correlated positively to afterlife belief a...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - July 3, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Traditions, Paradigms and Basic Concepts in Islamic Psychology
AbstractThe conceptual tools of psychology aim to explain the complexity of phenomena that psychotherapists observe in their patients and within themselves, as well as to predict the outcome of therapy. Naturally, Muslim psychologists have sought satisfaction in the conceptual tools of their trade and in what has been written in Islamic psychology —notably by Badri (The dilemma of Muslim psychologists, MWH London, London,1979), who critiqued Western psychology from an Islamic perspective, arguing the need to filter out from Western Psychology which was cross-culturally invalid or was in conflict with Islamic precept....
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - July 3, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Assessment Effect of Spiritual Care on Hopelessness and Depression in Suicide Attempts
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to assess the effect of spiritual care on hopelessness and depression among suicide attempts. This semi-experimental study that 60 suicide attempts and these samples were divided in to two cases and control groups. For case group, service package of spiritual care was designed and conducted during their visits to psychiatrists ’ offices. Findings showed that there was a significant difference after performing spiritual care in depression in both groups (X2 = 22,P = 0.002) and their hopelessness (X2 = 20,P = 0.001). The use of spiritual inte...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - July 3, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religious Attendance, Healthy Lifestyles, and Perceived Health: A Comparison of Baby Boomers with the Silent Generation
AbstractBaby boomers are aging, and their health is an important concern. Research has suggested that (1) aging boomers are more vulnerable to mental and physical health problems than their parents ’ generation; (2) adoption of healthy lifestyles is critically important for the health of the aging population; and (3) religious attendance, often found to be associated with health-related outcomes, is lower among aging boomers than their parents’ generation. In this research, we use a large national dataset to examine (1) whether the baby boom generation lags behind their parents’ generation in adoption of ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - July 3, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Changes and Predictors of the Sense of Meaning in Life in Polish University Students Participating in Psychological Workshops Communication –Forgiveness–Love
AbstractThe aim of this study was to determine changes in the sense of meaning in life of university students who participated in psychological workshops “Communication–Forgiveness–Love”. The study evaluated 33 university students from first-cycle and second-cycle studies in physical education in the Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw. The Reker’sLife Attitude Profile-Revised Questionnaire,Social Competencies Questionnaire (KKS) by Matczak,Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire (INTE) by Schutte et al. and the Goldberg ’sGeneral Health Questionnaire GHQ-28 w...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - July 3, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Dharmic Religions and Health: A Holistic Analysis of Global Health Literature Related to Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism and Jainism
In this study, to the best of our knowledge we aimed to perform a first bibliometric analysis in the health literature related to Dharmic religions, Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism and Jainism. We found a total of 655 health articles related to Dharmic religions as we searched Web of Science databases. The United States of America (USA) ranked first in Health and Hinduism literature with 62 documents followed by India, the UK and Bangladesh (n = 40, 33 and 6, respectively). A detailed keyword analysis revealed that the most used keywords in the field of Hinduism and health were “Hinduism,” “reli...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - July 3, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research