Exploration of Relationship Between Stress and Spirituality Characteristics of Male and Female Engineering Students: A Comprehensive Study
AbstractThis observational paper endeavours to recognize the connection between spirituality and stress. Four types of indicators are utilized for the estimation of anxiety, vis- à-vis, behavioural indicators, emotional indicators, sleep indicators and personal habits. As per pre-documented theory, if spirituality is high within an individual, then his/her stress will be low and vice versa. In college, the stress of education and scoring grades influences the understudy. In formation is gathered through a survey in the light of spirituality index and stress index. Findings prove that the indicators of the stress are...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 22, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

What do Non-clergy Spiritual Care Providers Contribute to End of Life Care in Israel? A Qualitative Study
AbstractSpiritual care is an increasingly important component of end of life care. As it emerges in Israel, it is intentionally built on a nonclerical model. Based on interviews with spiritual care providers in Israel, we find that they help patients and families talk about death and say goodbyes. They encourage the wrapping up of unfinished business, offer diverse cultural resources that can provide meaning, and use presence and touch to produce connection. As spiritual care emerges in Israel, providers are working with patients at the end of life in ways they see as quite distinct from rabbis. They offer broad frames of ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 22, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Spiritual Well-Being Scale: Psychometric Evaluation of the Shortened Version in Czech Adolescents
AbstractThe aim of this study was to psychometrically evaluate the shortened version of the Spiritual Well-Being Scale (SWBS) in Czech adolescents. A nationally representative sample of 4217 adolescents participated in the 2014 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children survey. The internal consistency of the SWBS was assessed using Cronbach ’s alpha (α) and Mean Inter-Item Correlation (MIIC) values. The factor structure was evaluated using principal component analyses. After adjustment, our new seven-item version of the scale supports a two-factorial model of the SWBS with satisfactory internal consistency (&alp...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 22, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Ethical Dilemmas at the End of Life: Islamic Perspective
AbstractMany Muslim patients and families are often reluctant to accept fatal diagnoses and prognoses. Not infrequently, aggressive therapy is sought by the patient or his/her family, to prolong the life of the patient at all costs. A series of searches were conducted of Medline databases published in English between January 2000 and January 2015 with the following Keywords: End-of-life, Ethics and Islam. Islamic law permits the withdrawal of futile treatment, including all kinds of life support, from terminally ill patients leaving death to take its natural course. However, such decision should only take place when the ph...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 22, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Erratum to: Reflections on Cultural Preferences and Internal Medicine: The Case of Jehovah ’s Witnesses and the Changing Thresholds for Blood Transfusions
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 22, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

A Black Theological Response to Race-Based Medicine: Reconciliation in Minority Communities
AbstractThe harm race-based medicine inflicts on minority bodies through race-based experimentation and the false solutions a race-based drug ensues within minority communities provokes concern. Such areas analyze the minority patient in a physical proxy. Though the mind and body are important entities, we cannot forget about the spirit. Healing is not just a physical practice; it includes spiritual practice. Efficient medicine includes the holistic elements of the mind, body, and spirit. Therefore, the spiritual discipline of black theology can be used as a tool to mend the harms of race-based medicine. It can be an avenu...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 20, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Destroying God ’s Temple? Physical Inactivity, Poor Diet, Obesity, and Other “Sin” Behaviors
AbstractOn average, our participants (N = 112), who self-proclaimed to be Christians, believed that physically inactive lifestyles, unhealthy eating, overeating, and being obese destroy the body, God’s temple. However, these beliefs were less definitive, than those of other common “sin” behaviors, such as drug use, smoking, and e xcessive drinking of alcohol. In addition, destroying the body with physical inactivity or poor diet was not necessarily viewed as sinful. Subsequently, these beliefs did not relate to self-reported physical activity, dietary behavior, or body mass index. It is possible...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 16, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religious Coping with Sexual Stigma in Young Adults with Same-Sex Attractions
AbstractThe present study assessed religious coping with sexual stigma in 260 young adults with same-sex attractions. Although the majority of the sample rarely utilized religious coping, a significant minority of participants frequently turned to religion to deal with sexual stigma. Controlling for demographic and general religious variables, positive religious coping (e.g., connecting with God) was associated with beneficial outcomes, and negative religious coping (e.g., frustrations with one ’s spiritual community) related to poorer adjustment to sexual stigma. Data are presented on how religious coping varied as ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 16, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Interfaith Spiritual Care: A Systematic Review
AbstractAlthough knowledge on spiritual care provision in an interfaith context is essential for addressing the diversity of patients ’ religious and spiritual needs, an overview of the literature is lacking. Therefore, this article reviews the empirical literature on interfaith spiritual care (ISC) in professional caring relationships. A systematic search in electronic databases was conducted to identify empirical studies publi shed after 2000. Twenty-two studies were included. The quality of the included studies was assessed, and their results were thematically analyzed. The majority were conducted in North America...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 14, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religious Coping, Symptoms of Depression and Anxiety, and Well-Being Among Somali College Students
This study examined the associations between positive and negative religious coping, symptoms of depression and anxiety, physical and emotional well-being among Somali college students in Minnesota. In this online cross-sectional survey study, 156 participants (ages 18 –21,M = 21, SD = 2.3) were recruited. Participants reported using more positive religious coping methods. Negative religious coping was associated with an increase in symptoms of both depression (b = .06,p = .003) and anxiety (b = .04,p = .05), and positive religious coping was associated with...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 13, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Caring for the Caregiver: Identifying the Needs of Those Called to Care Through Partnerships with Congregations
AbstractAs the older adult population continues to grow, the prevalence of chronic diseases is also increasing, leading to the need for novel ways of managing this large population of patients. One solution is to focus on informal caregivers. These informal caregivers already make a substantial contribution to our nation ’s healthcare finances and patient health outcomes. Caregivers also derive benefits from caring for their family member or friend; however, it is not uncommon for these individuals to experience negative health consequences, or what is often called “burden of care.” Those called to care a...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 9, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Evaluation of Psychometric Properties of the Second Version of the Taqwa (Piety) Questionnaire in Bahasa Melayu
AbstractThe aim of the study is to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Bahasa Melayu version of the Taqwa (piety) questionnaire, used for the measurement of behaviour of Drug Dependency Syndrome (DDS), in Malay patients. A sample of 98 males with a psychiatric diagnosis (DSM-IV-R) as the DDS was randomly selected from Kajang Khafidz Polyclinic Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. After receiving their agreement to attend the study, they completed the Taqwa (piety) questionnaire. The reliability was assessed by determining the Cronbach ’s\( \alpha \) to measure the consistency of related questions for all four dimensions (...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 9, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

“Letting Go”: From Ancient to Modern Perspectives on Relinquishing Personal Control—A Theoretical Perspective on Religion and Coping with Cancer
AbstractThe concept of “letting go” or relinquishing control has a long intellectual history, including the earliest Taoist writings, long-standing religious traditions, modern conceptualizations of religious coping, and current psychological control theory. This paper briefly traces the ancient roots of “letting go ,” with an emphasis on Stoic philosophers, and plants it firmly in current control theory and religious coping research, with a focus on its more modern conceptualization, that of secondary control. Presenting the theoretical perspective, which is grounded in religious conceptions of con...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 5, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Spirituality and Quality of Life of Jordanian Women Diagnosed with Breast Cancer
AbstractThe aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between spirituality and quality of life (QoL) of Jordanian women diagnosed with breast cancer. Descriptive cross-sectional design was conducted using a convenient sample of 150 Jordanian women with breast cancer at King Hussein Cancer Center. Participants completed the Arabic version of the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Spiritual Well-being. A positive linear relationship was found between spirituality and QoL,r = 0.67,p = 0.000. The highest score of correlation was seen between spirituality and the functional domain,r&...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 5, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religious Commitment and its Relation to Happiness among Muslim Students: The Educational Level as Moderator
This study examines the relationship between religiosity and level of happiness in an Islamic context among Muslim students studying at Malaysian universities. The determinants of happiness included in this research are positive attitudes, self-esteem, and other-esteem. Religiosity has long been considered as the main determinant in increasing happiness, and educational level strengthens its relationship. For this purpose, the researchers sampled 230 Muslim students aged 17 –40 years studying at Malaysian universities in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The study found a positive and significant correlation between relig...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 2, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Spiritual and Theological Challenges of Stillbirth for Bereaved Parents
This study reveals the depth of spiritual struggle for parents bereaved following stillbirth with a recommendation that spiritual care is provided as part of comprehensive perinatal bereavement care in the obstetric setting. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 1, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religious and Spiritual Beliefs of Physicians
AbstractThe aim of this study is to describe religious and spiritual beliefs of physicians and examine their influence on the decision to pursue medicine and daily medical practice. An anonymous survey was e-mailed to physicians at a large, multidisciplinary tertiary referral center with satellite clinics. Data were collected from January 2014 through February 2014. There were 2097 respondents (69.1  % men), and number of practicing years ranged from ≤1 to ≥30. Primary care physicians or medical specialists represented 74.1 %, 23.6 % were in surgical specialties, and 2.3 % were psychiatrists. The ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 13, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Reconnecting to Spirituality: Christian-Identified Adolescents and Emerging Adult Young Men ’s Journey from Diagnosis of HIV to Coping
This study revealed that, to cope with HIV health issues, participants used a process of reconnecting with their spirituality. In order to successfully reconnect with their spirituality, study participants reported a need to re-embrace and re-engage in spiritual practices, hold onto hope, believe they are normal, and commit to beliefs and practices despite rejection from the church. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 13, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

“For They Knew Not What It Was”: Rethinking the Tacit Narrative History of Religion and Health Research
AbstractOver the past couple of decades, research on religion and health has grown into a thriving field. Misperceptions about the history and scope of this field, however, continue to exist, especially among new investigators and commentators on this research. Contrary to the tacit narrative, published research and writing date to the nineteenth century, programmatic research to the 1950s, and NIH funding to 1990; elite medical journals have embraced this topic for over 100  years; study populations are religiously and sociodemographically diverse; and published findings are mostly positive, consistent with psychosoc...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 13, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Perceived Spirituality, Mindfulness and Quality of Life in Psychiatric Patients
AbstractThere is some evidence of the relationship between spirituality and quality of life, but there are few bibliographic references on these constructs for patients suffering from mental illness; thus, this study was aimed at revealing the possible role of spiritual outlooks as a protective factor in these individuals. The sample consisted of 96 Portuguese psychiatric patients, selected from a psychiatric hospital and assessed based on parameters for quality of life, spirituality and mindfulness. The data support some theories about the nature of the spirituality. Spiritual beliefs are poorly correlated with the qualit...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 13, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religious Involvement and Depression: The Mediating Effect of Relational Spirituality
AbstractMultiple studies have examined the relationship between religious involvement and depression. Many of these investigations reveal a negative correlation between these constructs. Several others yield either no association or a positive correlation. In this article, we discuss possible explanations for these discrepant findings. We investigate the degree to which relational spirituality factors mediate the relationship between religious involvement and depression in a sample of graduate students. Results indicated that spiritual instability and disappointment in God were distinct predictors of depression over and ab...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 9, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Younger African American Adults ’ Use of Religious Songs to Manage Stressful Life Events
AbstractThe aim of this study was to explore the use of religious songs in response to stressful life events among young African American adults. Fifty-five young African American adults aged 18 –49 participated in a qualitative study involving criterion sampling and open-ended interviews. Data analysis included content analysis and descriptive statistics. Stressful life events were related to work or school; caregiving and death of a family member; and relationships. Religious songs repr esented five categories: Instructive, Communication with God, Thanksgiving and Praise, Memory of Forefathers, and Life after Death...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 9, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The IRB as Research Subject
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 9, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Effect of Holy Qur ’an Recitation on Depressive Symptoms in Hemodialysis Patients: A Randomized Clinical Trial
AbstractPatients with advanced renal failure often face considerable sociopsychological stress as a result of lifestyle changes due to the disease and its treatment. The aim of the present study is to examine the effect of the Holy Qur ’an recitation on depressive symptoms in hemodialysis patients. In this clinical trial, 54 hemodialysis patients were randomized to either an experimental (n = 27) or a control (n = 27) group. Patients completed the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) at baseline and at 1 month after the intervention. Participants in the experimental group listened to recitat...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 9, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Knees Shaking Uncontrollably
AbstractA prose poem about the power of intergenerational psychological and spiritual healing. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 9, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Does Self-Compassion Predict Spiritual Experiences of Turkish University Students?
In this study, the self-compassion scale and the spiritual experiences scale were used. Self-kindness, common humanity, and mindfulness factors of self-compassion were found positively, and self-judgment, isolation, and over-identification factors of self-compassion were found negatively related to spiritual experiences. According to regression results, spiritual experiences were predicted negatively by self-judgment and over-identification. Further common humanity predicted spiritual experiences in a positive way. Self-compassion has explained 21  % of the variance in spiritual experiences. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 9, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

A 15-Year Review of Trends in Representation of Female Subjects in Islamic Bioethics Research
AbstractGender representation in Islamic bioethics research in the twenty-first century has not been studied. To study temporal trends in representation of female subjects in Islamic bioethics research, PubMed-listed publications on Islamic bioethics from years 2000 to 2014 were reviewed for gender participation in human subjects ’ research. There were temporal trends of increasing publications of Islamic bioethics-related human subjects’ research (64 papers over 15 years;R2 = 0.72;p 
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 9, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Evaluation of HeartSmarts, a Faith-Based Cardiovascular Health Education Program
Abstract In order to effectively address cardiovascular disease among African Americans, evidence-based health information must be disseminated within a context aligned with the values and beliefs of the population. Faith-based organizations play a critical role in meeting the religious and spiritual needs of many African Americans. Additionally, faith-based organizations can be effective in health promotion. A manual was created by incorporating biblical scriptures relating to health messages drawn from existing health manuals oriented toward African Americans. Lay health educators active in their churches participated ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 9, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Study of Human Biochemical Parameters During and After Ramadan
This study aims to analyze the changes in body weight, glucose and lipid profile during Ramadan in physiotherapy students in Pakistan. The study was conducted during June –July 2013 (Hijri year 1434). There were 80 students (50 males and 30 females) recruited in the experiment. They all were healthy adults between the age group of 18–24 (mean age 20.5) years. All subjects underwent a general physical examination and interview, and non-healthy subjects were exclud ed. On statistical analysis, quantitative data were expressed in terms of mean ± SD and ap value of ≤0.05 was believed statically ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 9, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Faith Moves Mountains —Mountains Move Faith: Two Opposite Epidemiological Forces in Research on Religion and Health
AbstractResearch suggests opposite epidemiological forces in religion and health: (1). Faith seems to move mountains in the sense that religion is associated with positive health outcomes. (2). Mountains of bad health seem to move faith. We reflected on these forces in a population of 3000 young Danish twins in which all religiosity measures were associated with severe disease. We believe the reason for this novel finding is that the sample presents as a particularly secular population-based study and that the second epidemiological force has gained the upper hand in this sample. We suggest that all cross-sectional researc...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 9, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Self-Preservation in Both Sides: Pathology of Spiritual Care in Iran
Abstract The aim of this study was to create a deeper understanding of the variables that may restrain or progress spiritual care in Iran. This manuscript provides an in-depth description of barriers to delivering spiritual care by nurses as well as patients ’ compensatory mechanisms against deprivation from spiritual care termed “self-preservation in both sides” emerged from an empirical study. It brings issues such as structural, hierarchical, social and personal concerns, which may prevent advancing spirituality within health care, to light. Th irty-five participants, nurses (n = 10), patie...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 9, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Assessment of Health-Related Quality of Life Among Caregivers of Patients with Cancer Diagnosis: A Cross-Sectional Study in Saudi Arabia
AbstractA descriptive cross-sectional survey was conducted over 5  months in two tertiary hospitals in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The 5-month period was from November 2014 to March 2015. The survey instrument used was a Short-Form Health Survey SF-36 (the RAND 36-item) questionnaire that measure QOL of the caregivers. Our study subjects included 289 randomly selected Saudi caregivers. Almost all the mean scores were increased (higher than 50) with the exception of levels of energy/fatigue. Role functioning/physical scored the highest (81.02 ± 35.33) followed by physical functioning (76.34 ±&nbs...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 9, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Psychospiritual Resiliency: Enhancing Mental Health and Ecclesiastical Collaboration in Caring for Those Experiencing Dissociative Phenomena
AbstractTrauma can oftentimes be a catalyst for changes in an individual ’s religious and spiritual beliefs. Beliefs about the cause of the trauma, for instance, may include attributions of possessing spirits, and are to be found in an increasingly pluralistic and multicultural society. Such preternatural explanations may be referred to as dissociative identity disorde r, possession form. Unwittingly, an overreliance on neurobiological explanations and relegation of cultural idioms of distress may diminish effective collaboration with ecclesiastical authorities. Concomitantly, ecclesiastical experts are confronted wi...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 9, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Reliability and Validity of the Spiritual Care-Giving Scale in a Turkish Population
This study aimed to adapt an English version of the survey tool Spiritual Care-Giving Scale for Turkish students and to evaluate its psychometric properties. Spiritual care is a central element of holistic nursing, but is not often made explicit in the theoretical and practical components of preregistration nursing programs. A composite scale will assist in identifying students ’ perceptions and issues to be addressed in curricula and practice settings in Turkey. The scale was composed of 35 items and five subscales. Cronbach’s α reliability coefficient was .96, and item–total point correlations wer...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 9, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Taha Jabir Al- ‘Alwani: A Study of His Views on Ethics of Disagreement in Islam
AbstractThis paper is an attempt to provide its readers/listeners the views of Taha Jabir Al- ‘Alwani on Ethics of Disagreement in Islam. Taha Jabir Al-‘Alwani is one of the renowned scholars and reformists of the contemporary Muslim world. He presented in terms of views on the ethics of disagreement in Islam, an explanation of the etiquette envisioned by Islam for all those engaged in d iscourse and intellectual dialogue, and he also exposes a higher number of principles and purposes of the Shariah which provide Muslims with perspectives far vaster than those afforded by pedantic debate over points of law and ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 9, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Erratum to: Refusal of Medical Blood Transfusions Among Jehovah ’s Witnesses: Emotion Regulation of the Dissonance of Saving and Sacrificing Life
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 9, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Was Hawan Designed to Fight Anxiety-Scientific Evidences?
AbstractAnxiety is a psychiatric disorder with unknown neurobiology; however, neurotransmitters like gamma-amino butyric acid, norepinephrine and serotonin (5-HT) play crucial roles in mediating anxiety. Present drug modules pose dependence risk to the patient; hence, there is a great need to develop complementary therapies to fight this disorder. Aromatherapy has also been employed in ancient times for a number of mental disorders.Mahamrituanjay Mantra,Om triambkum yajamahe,sughandhim puushtivardhanam,urvarukmev vandhanaat,mrityu mokshay mamritaat!!!!, the part ofveda enlightens that aroma gives rise to good health (sugha...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 5, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Role of the Penteco/Charismatic Clergy in the Political Health Development in Ghana
AbstractSeveral countries in Africa are perpetually linked to an inexpungable history of cyclical ethnic conflicts, violence and coup d ’état which culminated in the untimely death of many, others severely wounded and many left in a hopeless situation. The paper discusses in-depth, the role and functions of the clergy (ministers of religion) in the political health development in Ghana. The rationale is that the clergy’s esteem ed status among the church members and the society as a whole could impact positively on the lives of the people in the society, and for that matter, they are expected to speak to...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 3, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Psychometric Evaluation of the Filipino Versions of the Duke University Religion Index and the Spiritual Coping Strategies Scale in Filipino Hemodialysis Patients
This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the Filipino versions of the Duke University Religion Index (DUREL-F) and the Spiritual Coping Strategies scale (SCS-F) for hemodialysis (HD) patients in the Philippines. A convenient sample of 162 HD patients was included in this descriptive, cross-sectional study. The DUREL-F and SCS-F exhibited acceptable internal consistency and stability reliability, as well as excellent content and construct validity. The findings confirmed the soundness of the psychometric properties of the two scales. Thus, they can be used for timely and accurate assessment of religiosity and spi...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 3, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Association Between Muslim Religiosity and Young Adult College Students ’ Depression, Anxiety, and Stress
This study proposed to analyze the role of Muslim religiosity in male students showing these mental indications. A sample including 723 Pakistani young adults enrolled at college level was randomly chosen. Muslim Religiosity Measurement Scale and Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale were utilized to gather information. Discoveries uncover an inverse relationship between conduct and affiliation with the symptoms of mental disorders, anxiety and stress among the respondents. Results bolster the incorporation of religious dimensions in psychological wellness and mental well-being thought of young adults in Pakistan. (Source: ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 2, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Relationships Between Spiritual Well-Being, Quality of Life, and Psychological Factors Before Radiotherapy for Prostate Cancer
AbstractGiven shifting trends of religious identities in the USA, better understanding the impact of patients ’ religious identities on health-related quality of life (QOL) may help tailor the use of psychological interventions. Men with prostate cancer (N = 43) completed measures of quality of life (QOL), spiritual well-being in two domains (i.e., Faith and Meaning/Peace), psychological state, and psychological trait before undergoing radiotherapy. We hypothesized that (1) higher existential Meaning/Peace would correlate with higher QOL and psycho logical trait protective factors (e.g., Agreeableness) and ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 29, 2016 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Knowledge and Attitudes of the Faculty of Theology Students on Organ Transplantation
The objective in this study is to determine the knowledge and attitudes of the Faculty of Theology students on organ transplantation. The study that was planned as a descriptive study took place between March –May 2014 with the participation of 119 students enrolled at the Faculty of Theology. It was determined as a result of the study that the students see lack of knowledge (49.6%) as the top obstacle for organ transplantation followed by religion (21%), that 52.1% accept that organ transplantation is not forbidden in Islam; that 27.7% agree with the thought that considers it disturbing and unnerving to carry an org...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 28, 2016 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Reflections on Cultural Preferences and Internal Medicine: The Case of Jehovah ’s Witnesses and the Changing Thresholds for Blood Transfusions
This article will further discuss these current trends. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 28, 2016 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religiosity, Marital Quality and Couple Generativity in Italian Couples Belonging to a Catholic Spiritual Association: A Quali-Quantitative Study
AbstractThe current studies aimed, firstly, at exploring the relationship between the level of religiosity and marital outcomes, in terms of relationship quality and couple generativity; secondly, at gaining insight into which strategies the couples use to ensure their marital quality/couple generativity, and understanding if religious practices have a positive influence on the development of such strategies. The studies focused on a specific aspect of religiosity, that is the active involvement in a Catholic association, and compared couples with a high level of religious involvement (HRI) belonging to a Catholic internat...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 27, 2016 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Psychometric Properties of the Persian Version of the God Locus of Health Control (GLHC): A Study on Muslim Pilgrims
AbstractGod Locus of Health Control (GHLC) scale is an instrument for assessing to what extent one believes that God controls his/her health or disease. The aim of this study was to describe the cultural adaptation of this scale and to investigate the psychometric properties of Persian version. At first, the scale was forward-translated to Persian, and then, backward-translation was conducted. Finally, the synthesized back-translated version was prepared and compared to the draft Persian-language version of the GLHC. In the next step, in order to test cognitive debriefing, the Persian-language version of the questionnaire ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 27, 2016 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Volunteer Work, Religious Commitment, and Resting Pulse Rates
Abstract Research indicates that greater involvement in volunteer activities is associated with better health. We aim to contribute to this literature in two ways. First, rather than rely on self-reports of health, measured resting pulse rates serve as the dependent variable. Second, an effort is made to see if religious commitment moderates the relationship between volunteering and resting pulse rates. Data that come from a recent nationwide survey (N = 2265) suggest that volunteer work is associated with lower resting pulse rates. The results also reveal that the relationship between engaging in volunteer wor...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 26, 2016 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Sex-Specific Impact of Spiritual Beliefs and Sleep Quality on Degree of Psychological Distress
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to test a set of hypotheses suggesting sleep quality and spiritual beliefs differed according to degree of psychological distress and biological sex. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index measured sleep quality, the Beliefs and Values Scale measured spiritual beliefs, and the Kessler-6 Psychological Distress Scale measured distress. A factorial MANOVA tested the model. Higher sleep quality and greater spiritual beliefs were associated with lower levels of distress. Women exhibited lower sleep quality than men, whereas spiritual beliefs were equivalent between sexes. To decrease psychologi...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 26, 2016 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Role of Religiosity in Psychological Well-Being Among Medical and Non-medical Students
AbstractReligion has been generally considered as a protective factor for the psychological health of the people. As many studies have publicized a high prevalence of psychological morbidities among the medical students during their academic stages of medical schools, it is significant to investigate whether religiosity functions as a protective factor, to explore religiosity as a predictor of psychological well-being in a sample of medical students, and to compare the results of medical students as well as non-medical students with respect to religiosity and psychological well-being. The study is carried out in Federal Me...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 26, 2016 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religiosity: Its Impact on Coping Styles Among Women Undergoing Fertility Treatment
This study examined the relations between coping strategies and level of religiosity in 159 women undergoing infertility treatment. Statistically significant relations were found between the problem-solving coping style and religious observance (p 
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 25, 2016 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Differential Effects of Family Structure on Religion and Spirituality of Emerging Adult Males and Females
This study examined measures of religion and spirituality in a sample of male and female emerging adult college students whose parents were either divorced or intact using the Personal Religious Inventory, the Duke University Religion Index, the Daily Spiritual Experiences Scale, the Spiritual Transcendence Scale, and the Spiritual Involvement and Beliefs Scale. Data were collected online, and 66% of participants received extra credit for participating. A main effect of sex was found, as females reported significantly higher scores than men on all but one measure of religion and spirituality, and the dataset was separated ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 22, 2016 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research