Predicting the Happiness of Adolescents Based on Coping Styles and Religious Attitudes
AbstractThe study aimed to predict the happiness of adolescents based on coping styles and religious attitudes. To this end, the correlational research methodology was used. In total, 381 subjects were selected from adolescents of Semnan (Eastern province of Iran), using multistage clustering sampling method. Research tools were Ways of Coping Questionnaire by Lazarus, Golriz and Barahani ’s Religious Attitude Questionnaire, and Oxford Happiness Questionnaire. Data analysis was performed in SPSS using Pearson’s correlation coefficient and multiple regression analysis. Results of Pearson’s correlation demo...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 11, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Effect of Religious Belief and Forgiveness on Coping with Diabetes
AbstractWe aimed to investigate the relationship of religious beliefs and forgiveness in diabetic patients with various sociodemographic characteristics, emotional problems and glycaemic control. The study comprises 100 patients diagnosed with type 2 DM. We used a data collection form, the Scale of Forgiveness and Religiosity (SFR), Problem Areas in Diabetes Scale (PAID), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and the Audit of Diabetes-Dependent Quality of Life (ADDQoL). We also recorded blood glucose and HbA1c test results. A statistically significant relationship was determined only between...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 11, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Reliability and Validity of Prostate Cancer Fatalism Inventory in Turkish Language
This study aimed to conduct the reliability and validity study of the Prostate Cancer Fatalism Inventory in Turkish language. The study carried out in methodological type and consisted of 171 men. The ages of the participants ranged between 40 and 82. The content validity index was determined to be 0.80, Kaiser –Meyer–Olkin value 0.825, Bartlett’s testX2 = 750.779 andp = 0.000. Then the principal component analysis was applied to the 15-item inventory. The inventory consisted of one dimension, and the load factors were over 0.30 for all items. The explained variance of the inventory wa...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 24, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Practice of Nursing Care Provided to Clients from Muslim Countries in the Czech Republic
AbstractAuthors deal with practice of nursing care provided to Muslim clients in the Czech Republic. They use the explorative research design. By means of analyses of 21 semi-structured interviews with important social actors in the area of health care (spa resorts and hospitals). The study shows that Muslims are not homogeneous in their behaviour in the field of health care. In the spa environment, three interpretation perspectives can be found: the economic interpretation of a Muslim as the source of income of the Czech spa industry, which faces economic problems, the cultural interpretation developed within the spas (th...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 24, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Boundaries of Woman ’s Spirituality in the Beliefs–Spirituality–Religiousness (B–S–R) Model: A Third Perspective—Beliefs as a Cognitive Basis
AbstractThe real nature of the phenomenon of woman ’s Spirituality is the main contemporary challenge for empirical research. The literature needs many more examples of the cognitive genesis of worldviews, Spirituality and Religiousness. The first aim of this article is to present the central tenet of the Threefold Nature of Spirituality model whi ch theoretically explains the nature of Spirituality and the theoretical relationship between beliefs (worldviews), Spirituality and Religiousness (B–S–R model). The second aim is the empirical verification of this relationship through the application of an anal...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 24, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Evaluation of Self-Perceived Changes in Gastrointestinal Symptoms During Ramadan Fasting
AbstractLittle is known regarding the effects of Ramadan fasting on common gastrointestinal symptoms. The aim of this study was to assess the alterations of these symptoms in a healthy Iranian adult population during Ramadan. In a cross-sectional study, self-administered questionnaires were used to evaluate the alterations in seven groups of gastrointestinal symptoms (esophageal symptoms, dyspeptic symptoms, bloating and abdominal distension, constipation, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and nausea) after Ramadan. A total of 900 individuals participated in the study. Almost 87  % of participants reported to fast for at leas...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 24, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Breaking and Sharing Bad News in End of Life: The Religious and Culture Matters
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 24, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Religious Beliefs and Quality of Life Among Patients With Multiple Sclerosis
This study aimed to assess the relationship between religious beliefs and quality of life among patients with MS. In this study, 145 MS patients completed 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) and the Duke University Religion Index (DUREL) questionnaires. The results indicated that unorganized religious activities were significantly associated with marital status and education level. Besides, internal religion was positively correlated to mental health. However, religious variables were not effective prognostic factors in physical and mental quality of life. Overall, further studies have to be conducted to determine the...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 24, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Dare to Dream: Personal Values, Life Goals, and International Students in New Zealand
This study addressed this lack of research by focusing on the life goals and personal values among international students in three tertiary institutes in New Zealand. B ased on the literature review, the hypothesis of this study is that international students’ intrinsic life goals are positively correlated with their spiritual values. In contrast, extrinsic goals did not have similar effects.The Aspirations Index, which was used to assess life goals, and theSchwartz ’ value survey, which measured the students ’ personal values, were both distributed to the participants. Follow-up interviews with 24 of the...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 24, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Experiencing Positive Religious Coping in the Process of Divorce: A Qualitative Study
This study aimed to explore if and how divorcees experience the burden of divorce and along with it the relationship with God (within Catholic tradition) as a source of positive support in coping with divorce. We conducted open semi-structured interviews with 11 participants. With empirical phenomenological analysis, we built a general description of the investigated experience which entails three areas of experience: experiencing the burden of divorce, which is related to experiencing the relationship with God and the ways of spiritual coping with divorce, and experiencing the effects of religious coping with divorce. The...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 24, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spirituality and Religion Within the Culture of Medicine: From Evidence to Practice
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 24, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

How to Increase Vaccination Acceptance Among Apostolic Communities: Quantitative Results from an Assessment in Three Provinces in Zimbabwe
AbstractA worldwide increasing trend toward vaccine hesitancy has been reported. Measles outbreaks in southern Africa in 2009 –2010 were linked to objections originating from Apostolic gatherings. Founded in Zimbabwe in the 1950s, the Apostolic church has built up a large number of followers with an estimated 3.5 million in Zimbabwe in 2014. To inform planning of interventions for the 2015 measles–rubella vaccination c ampaign, we assessed vaccination status and knowledge, attitudes and practices among purposive samples of Apostolic caregivers in three districts each in Harare City, Manicaland and Matabeleland ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 24, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Body Sanctification and Sleep in Adolescents with Cystic Fibrosis: A Pilot Study
AbstractImbuing one ’s body with divine significance is associated with health-protective behaviors. The purpose of this study was to determine whether adolescents with a life-shortening, chronic disease (cystic fibrosis) who sanctified their bodies also received adequate sleep. Data from Daily Phone Diaries and ques tionnaire replies from 45 adolescents with cystic fibrosis (ages 11–19 years) were analyzed. A significant relationship between body sanctification and sleep was found, with between-gender differences. Body sanctification is an understudied construct which is associated with healthy behaviors....
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 24, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Qualitative Assessment of Vaccination Hesitancy Among Members of the Apostolic Church of Zimbabwe: A Case Study
AbstractVaccine hesitancy or lack of confidence in vaccines is considered a threat to the success of vaccination programs. The rise and spread of measles outbreaks in southern Africa in 2009 –2010 were linked to objections among Apostolic Church members, estimated at about 3.5 million in Zimbabwe as of 2014. To inform planning of interventions for a measles–rubella vaccination campaign, we conducted an assessment of the factors contributing to vaccine hesitancy using data from vario us stakeholders. Among nine districts in three regions of Zimbabwe, we collected data on religious attitudes toward, and perceptio...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 24, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Territories of Science and Religion
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 24, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Foot-Reading Cult of Japan
AbstractHo-no-Hana-Sanpogyo was a Japanese new religious movement referred to as the “foot-reading cult” in the media. Its founder, Fukunaga Hogen, claimed to have divine authority and the ability to diagnose physical illness by studying the soles of an individual’s feet. The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the history ofHo-no-Hana-Sanpogyo and Fukunaga ’s practice of foot reading. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 24, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Use of Sedatives, Antidepressants and Antipsychotic Medicine among Seventh-day Adventists and Baptists in Denmark
In this study, we examined whether the increase in incidence is due to less use of prescribed antidepressants, sedatives and antipsychotics by members of these religious societies than by the general population. In a cohort study, we examined records of all drugs redeemed by 3121 SDA and 2888 Baptists and 29,817 age- and gender-matched members of the general population between 1995 and 2010 in the Danish Prescription Register and compared the prevalence and incidence of use of antidepressants, sedatives and antipsychotics. The prevalence of antidepressant use by women was lower in 1998 but no different from that in control...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 24, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Erratum to: Solitude, Religious and Cultural Uniqueness in a Foreign Environment: Adjustments as an Arab Student
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 24, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Melancholy, Acculturation, and Relief: A Brief Essay on the Religion of Ordinarity
AbstractHan is not an idiosyncratic, psychological experience that is peculiar to Koreans, but a multifaceted mode of melancholy experienced by many and various people. What makes this psychological experience particularly familiar to Koreans, however, is that this phenomenon is colored by various, macroscopic factors common in the Korean context, such as sociocultural rigidness, historical instability, political feudality, and economic vulnerability. In this sense,han is an acculturated, multifaceted melancholy. Not only that, it has developed its own religiousness, the goal of which is the restoration of ordinarity, beca...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 23, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Laying the Foundations of Lifelong Health at the Beginning of Life: Islamic Perspective
In conclusion based on Islamic perspective, the foundations of comprehensive health of a person, i.e., health in all physical, mental, social, and spiritual dimensions, are begun to form at four stages: the time of marri age of his parents, the moment of their conception, when he is unborn in his mother womb, and during infancy period. Observing religion instructions in this regard is not the sufficient condition for being completely healthy; however, such instructions can provide a base for being a healthy person. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 23, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spiritual Health and Physical Activity Among Iranian Pregnant Women
This study was aimed to investigate the relationship between spiritual health and physical activity among Iranian pregnant women during 2015. A cross-sectional descriptive-analytic design was adopted. A total number of 411 participants were selected by convenience sampling from Iranian women who regularly attended health centers for prenatal care. Data were collected using demographic questionnaire and Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile questionnaire, 2nd edition. (Spiritual health and physical activity are two components of health-promoting lifestyle.) The data were analyzed, using descriptive statistics,t test, one-way A...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 23, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Attitudes Toward Spirituality and Spiritual Care among Iranian Nurses and Nursing Students: A Cross-Sectional Study
AbstractAddressing spiritual needs is taken into account as an integral part of holistic health care and also an important component of nursing practice. The aim of present study is to evaluate attitudes toward spirituality and spiritual care among nurses and nursing students at Semnan University of Medical Sciences in Iran. In this cross-sectional study, all nurses (n = 180) working in the teaching hospitals affiliated to Semnan University of Medical Sciences as well as senior nursing students (n = 50) selected by the census method. Finally, 168 individuals meeting the inclusion criteria were evaluated...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 22, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Teachers ’ and Parents’ Perspectives on a Curricular Subject of “Religion and Spirituality” for Indian Schools: A Pilot Study Toward School Mental Health Program
In conclusion, participants believe R/S education will fosters students’ emotional health and interpersonal skills needed for social leadership. A curriculum that in corporates R/S education, which is based on AAR guidelines and clinically validated interpersonal spiritual care tools would be acceptable to both teachers and parents. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

How the Political Becomes Private: In Vitro Fertilization and the Catholic Church in Poland
AbstractThe Polish debate on in vitro fertilization (IVF) is extremely heated and highly politicized. The hierarchs of the Catholic vehemently oppose the use of IVF. In this text, I present the Church ’s approach to IVF. Basing on the documentary film,Three Conversations about Life, and ethnographic research, as well as an analysis of Vatican documents and official statements of Polish bishops, I show how the positions of clergy might influence private lives. I indicate series of tensions associated with the “politics of morality” of the Catholic Church and the daily lives of people, who have children tha...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Contemplative Meditation and Neuroscience: Prospects for Mental Health
AbstractNumerous studies show that personal spirituality developed through prayer positively influences mental health. Phenomenological and neuroscientific studies of mindfulness, an Eastern meditative prayer form, reveal significant health benefits now yielding important insights useful for guiding treatment of psychological disorders. By contrast, and despite its practice for millennia, Christian meditation is largely unrepresented in studies of clinical efficacy. Resemblances between mindfulness and disciplinary acts in Christian meditation taken from the ancient Greek practice of askesis suggest that Christian meditati...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Separating the “Limbs” of Yoga: Limited Effects on Stress and Mood
AbstractThough millions of people practice yoga to reduce stress and improve their mood, it is unclear which aspect of yoga is responsible for these effects. To investigate relevant aspects, or “limbs” of yoga, participants who were novices in the practice of yoga engaged in a single yoga manipulation (i.e., poses, breath work, meditation, or listening to a lecture about yoga) for 20 min before experiencing a mild stressor. Participants’ heart rate, blood pressure, mood, and anxiety level were assessed, both immediately after the yoga manipulation and after the mild stressor. The 20-min yoga manipula...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Reconciling Spirituality and Workplace: Towards a Balanced Proposal for Occupational Health
We examined the relationship between spirituality in the workplace and occupational health and explored the benefits for employees, employers and the organisation. Using a qualitative methodology, we focused on secular organisations in the service sector to analyse this question in the context of labour relations in Europe. Our results indicate that embracing spirituality in the workplace yields a number of benefits in addition to those of a health-related nature. Religious beliefs and practices can be accommodated in the workplace provided that a balance is maintained between the needs of employers and employees. (Source:...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 16, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Comparison of Offender and Non-offender Young Men to Setting Goals for Life and Attributing Meaning to Life
AbstractThe main goal of the present study is to compare male offenders and non-offenders in terms of how they attribute meaning to life and set life goals. The samples were chosen from among offenders (n  = 50) and non-offenders (n = 50) who were between ages 19–26. Mixed method was used in this study. The scale of setting life goals and interview form were used to collect data. To analysis of the data, the content analysis technique andt test and were used. Findings of the present study show that offenders tend to have troubles setting life goals when compared to non-offenders. Furthermore, the ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 14, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

An Investigation of Moral Principles and Mental Training in the P āli Nikāya s and Their Implications for Behaviour Modification and Mental Health
This article explicates the fundamental moral principles and mental training of Buddhism that have implications for behavioural transformation and mental health promotion. These techniques are considered to be effective for transforming the unwholesome thoughts and overcoming the afflictions (āsavas). It investigates some methods of mental training that can be designed to fit the behaviour of a practitioner. It also investigates the three key interdependent elements of mindfulness techniques and, in particular, how a simple practice of mindfulness (sati), full awareness (sampaja ñña), and proper attention (y...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 12, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Political Affiliation, Spirituality, and Religiosity: Links to Emerging Adults ’ Life Satisfaction and Optimism
AbstractThe goal of this study was to extend the existing literature regarding the intersection between belief systems shaping psychological processes and subjective well-being among emerging adults. A nationwide sample of 3966 college students reported on their political affiliation, spirituality, and religiosity in relation to their subjective well-being. Multivariate analyses demonstrated that politically conservative participants were significantly more optimistic and satisfied with life than their liberal counterparts and Republican emerging adults reported significantly higher life satisfaction than Democrats. Republ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 12, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spiritual Care in the ICU: Perspectives of Dutch Intensivists, ICU Nurses, and Spiritual Caregivers
This study is the quantitative part of a mixed methods approach. To conduct empirical quantitative cohort research, separate digital questionnaires were sent to three different participant groups in Dutch ICUs, namely intensivists, ICU nurses, and spiritual caregivers working in academic and general hospitals and one specialist oncology hospital. Overall, 487 participants of 85 hospitals (99 intensivists, 290 ICU nurses, and 98 spiritual caregivers) responded. The majority of all respondents (>70%) considered the positive effects of SC provision to patients and relatives: contribution to mental well-being, processing an...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 11, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

“For Every Illness There is a Cure”: Attitudes and Beliefs of Moroccan Muslim Women Regarding Health, Illness and Medicine
This study reveals that religion plays a crucial role in how Muslim women perceive and deal with illness. Theological considerations that centre on God’s om nipotence, the belief in the afterlife and religious virtues take up a central position. A holistic approach is adopted in the search for healing, i.e. an interplay between calling upon medicine and turning to God. Religious beliefs seem to be a powerful source in coping with illness. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 3, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis of a Religious Conversion
AbstractReligious conversion is an important phenomenon in contemporary religious climate, but existing psychology research work is mostly based on quantitative methods. In an attempt to contribute to this field, the present study proposes a qualitative exploration of religious conversion. The in-depth interview of a French woman is examined in order to investigate her experience of religious conversion, 40  years prior. The interview was analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis, with the purpose of revealing how the participant experienced the process of religious conversion, what was its impact on her...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 3, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Self-Efficacy and Nutrition Education: A Study of the Effect of an Intervention with Faith Community Nurses
AbstractThe faith community provides an important access point for practice focused on population health at a time when health issues such as obesity and overweight are affecting large number of Americans. The purpose of this study was to examine faith community nurses ’ self-efficacy perceptions following a nutrition educational intervention. A convenience sample of 92 faith community nurses were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. The t-distribution analysis revealed significant differences between the nutrition knowledge self-efficacy (p = .016) and nutrition counseling self-efficacy (p...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 3, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Relationship Between Spiritual Well-Being and Hope in Patients with Cardiovascular Disease
AbstractSpirituality and hope have been identified as important constructs in health research, since both are thought to enhance a person ’s ability to cope with the consequences of serious illness. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between spiritual well-being and hope in patients with cardiovascular disease. Using descriptive, correlational methodology, the investigator gathered data on a convenience sample of 500 patients with cardiovascular disease who were hospitalized in a medical institution in Iran. The study was conducted over a four-month period. Participants completed a demographic ques...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 2, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Defining the Context for Best Practices: Institutional Setting for Clinical Pastoral Care in Estonia
AbstractThe current article aims to offer an informational basis for creating an adaptable model of spiritual support provision for Estonian health care institutions. The study addresses Estonian medical staff ’s knowledge about and attitudes towards spiritual support. The data originate from a quantitative research conducted in 19 Estonian hospitals during 2015–2016. The results show a good will for interdisciplinary co-operation, and pastoral caregiver is expected to be a part of the staff. The fact that spiritual support is not financed by the state budget funds raises the question about explaining the benef...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 2, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spiritual Well-Being and Spiritual Distress in Cancer Patients Undergoing Chemotherapy: Utilizing the SWBQ as Component of Holistic Nursing Diagnosis
Abstract Holistic nursing care requires attention to the spiritual dimension. This is particularly important when caring for patients with cancer. This research presents the results of the assessment of spiritual well-being using the Spiritual Well-Being Questionnaire (SWBQ) to validate the nursing diagnosis ofspiritual distress. Structured interviews were conducted with 169 patients in one hospital in Portugal. We concluded that the SWBQ is a useful and reliable instrument to assess spiritual distress, which highlights the importance of listening to patients and questioning them about spiritual needs as well as the import...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spirituality and Religiosity and Its Role in Health and Diseases
AbstractReligiosity is a factor involved in the management of health and diseases/patient longevity. This review article uses comprehensive, evidence-based studies to evaluate the nature of religiosity that can be used in clinical studies, thus avoiding contradictory reports which arise from misinterpretation of religiosity. We conclude that religiosity is multidimensional in nature and ultimately associated with inherent protection against diseases and overall better quality of life. However, a number of untouched aspects of religiosity need to be investigated further before we can introduce religiosity in its fully funct...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spirit or Fleeting Apparition? Why Spirituality ’s Link with Social Support Might Be Incrementally Invalid
AbstractPreviously published path models apparently confirm thebelief-as-benefit perspective that spirituality boosts well-being via social support. The broad acceptance of such findings has motivated recommendations that clinical psychologists and psychiatrists routinely assess their patients ’ spiritual status. Skeptics retort that past findings are statistically confounded and that numinous beliefs and well-being are unrelated. A multivariate regression analysis testing whether spirituality explains variance in social support after personality traits are simultaneously included is re ported. Although spirituality ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Gender- and Sport-Specific Associations Between Religiousness and Doping Behavior in High-Level Team Sports
This study aimed to provide evidence for possible gender- and sport-specific associations between religiousness and doping behavior among team-sport athletes of both genders. The participants were 886 athletes (21.9  ± 3.8 years of age; 352 females) involved in four sports: volleyball (n = 154; 78 females), handball (n = 206; 68 females), soccer (n = 316; 110 females) and basketball (n = 230; 96 females) from Croatia and Slovenia (all traditionally Roman Catholics). The data were collected using a previously validated structured questionnaire that examined socio...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Perceptions of Chaplains ’ Value and Impact Within Hospital Care Teams
We examined in a mixed-methods fashion, the effects of this type of integrated care team within a teaching hospital setting. The quality and impact of chaplain involvement were studied from patient and physician-in-training perspectives, using data from more than 200 patients and physicians in training. Findings clearly show that clinically trained chaplains can contribute meaningful expertise and real value to the quality and comprehensiveness of patient and physician experiences. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religion and Happiness: A Study Among University Students in Turkey
This study tests the hypothesis that higher levels of positive religious affect are associated with higher levels of personal happiness among a sample of 348 students studying at a state university in Turkey who completed the Ok Religious Attitude Scale (Islam), the Oxford Happiness Inventory, and the short-form Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Revised. The data reported a small but statistically significant association between religiosity and happiness after taking sex and individual differences in personality into account. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Health Impacts of Religious Practices and Beliefs Associated with The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints
AbstractThe aim of the study is to discuss the relationship between lifestyle marked by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and health. PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, WOS y Scopus were the databases used for this literature review, with these descriptors: “Mormons”, “mormons religion”, “health”. Inclusion criteria were articles with full text available, published between 2005 and 2016, in English or Spanish language. Results show that following the restrictive Mormon doctrine generates beneficial effects for the health. Habits related to toxics and food, as well as social support,...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Application of Ibadah (Worship) in Counseling: Its Importance and Implications to Muslim Clients
This study selects survey research as the method to collect data from clients. A set of questionnaire instruments was constructed and distributed to 30 clients selected through convenience sampling. Data obtained from research questionnaire are then analyzed using descriptive statistical technique. Research outcome finds that application ofibadah is very important in counseling and has four implications for the client: the client is able to control his behavior, gain peace of mind, control his emotions and becomes increasingly diligent inibadah. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Role of Existential Beliefs Within the Relation of Centenarians ’ Health and Well-Being
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to explore the role of existential beliefs in mediating the influence of health on centenarians ’ well-being. A total of 80 centenarians (mean age 101.1; SD = 1.3; 81.3 % women) with no/minor cognitive impairment were included. The OARS questionnaire for diseases and functional capacity (ADL, IADL), the Satisfaction with Life Scale, and the existential beliefs subscale were used for data collection. The findings suggest that existential resources are a crucial element for mitigating the impact of health constraints in subjective well-being in this population. Appro...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

On the Inner Life of Physicians: Analysis of Family Medicine Residents ’ Written Reflections
AbstractThis qualitative study introduces the broad and inclusive concept of the “inner life of physicians” and analyzes the written reflections (N = 756) of family medicine residents (N = 33) during their residency as indicative of the physicians’ inner lives. Residents completed reflective entries without specific prompts. Researchers describe unsolicited emergent categorical themes indicative of a robust inner life of the physician. Nurturing physicians’ inner life through reflection allows physicians to recognize, identify, and respond to daily emotional events. Reflections a...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

“One Big Family”: Pastoral Care and Treatment Seeking in an Egyptian Coptic Church in England
AbstractLittle is known about Coptic migrants ’ chronic disease health beliefs and treatment-seeking behaviours. Interviews to explore these issues and their relationship with church membership were conducted with 15 Coptic migrants in Southern England. Obesity and cardiovascular disease (CVD) were most frequently identified as health risks f or Coptic migrants. CVD was ascribed to stress and considered amenable to spiritual healing. Lay referral to medical practitioners who were church members was common but may devalue perceptions of family medicine. The Coptic Church functions as a community that addresses members...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Relationship Between the Religious Beliefs of the Diabetic Patients and Depression in a Diabetes Clinic in Iran
AbstractNowadays, diabetes is prevalent, and it can leave severe psychotic effects and causes depression; thus, it is necessary to consider effective factors to fight against diabetic patients ’ mental conditions. It seems that the role of religion is significant, and by augmenting religious attitudes, diabetic patient’s depression intensity can be decreased. The purpose of the present study is to examine the relationship between religious beliefs and depression of diabetic patients i n diabetes clinic of Ali Asghar Hospital in Zahedan. This is a descriptive analytical and cross-sectional study. Out of total 35...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

“No More Buzz”: A Qualitative Study of the Current Response to HIV in the Anglican Church in the Western Cape, South Africa
AbstractUsing a triangulation design combining participant observation, survey results, and interviews, this paper studies the current form of the response to HIV in the local Anglican Church in the Western Cape, South Africa. The results show that people are generally aware of HIV. The “buzz” around HIV has, however, subsided. The local church does not directly engage HIV anymore, and HIV is more mentioned than talked about. HIV stigma continues to pose a challenge. To work towards the prevention of HIV, the local church needs to put HIV back on the agenda and continue to spea k about the virus. (Source: Journ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 17, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Prospective Associations Among Youth Religiosity and Religious Denomination and Youth Contraception Use
This study prospectively investigates associations among youth religiosity, religious denomination, and contraception use. Associations between youth religiosity and religious denomination, and type of contraceptive used and consistent contraceptive use among sexually active youth (N = 757) were analyzed using multinomial and binomial logistic regression. Identifying with a religious denomination was a predictor of dual contraceptive use relative to using no method of contraception (AOR = 2.17). There was no association between youth religiosity and type of contraceptive us e or contraceptive consistenc...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 14, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research