Introduce a New Intervention Model Based on Islamic Lifestyle for Decreasing the Risk of Cardiovascular Disease in People at Risk: A Comparative Study
AbstractThe main purpose of the present study was designing and assessing the common lifestyle and Islamic lifestyle interventions and comparison of them. Sample of the study was thirty-nine subjects participated in a healthy lifestyle program. The Islamic group were received the Islamic healthy lifestyle program. In comparison with common, in the Islamic group the CVD risk was significantly lower; the psychological well-being was increased significantly; the psychological distress was decreased significantly; and the spiritual well-being was increased significantly. The most powerful element of Islamic lifestyle was to st...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 17, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Quality of Palliative Care: Perspective of Healthcare Providers at  a Tertiary Hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
This study aimed to measure the quality of palliative care from the perspective of healthcare professionals at a tertiary hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. A cross-sectional survey was distributed to 80 healthcare professionals working at the palliative care department. The questionnaire assessed the dimensions that measure the quality of palliative care (Structure and Aspects of Care, Cultural Aspects of Care, Care of the Imminently Dying Patient, Ethical Issues), overall quality of care, ethical Processes of Care, Physical Aspects of Care, Psychological/Psychiatric Aspects dilemmas occurring in the practice setting, and ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 16, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spiritual Experiences of Long-Term Meditation Practitioners Diagnosed with Breast Cancer: An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis Pilot Study
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to explore the spiritual experiences of long-term Brahma Kumaris Raja Yoga (a spiritually focused meditation practice) meditators who have been diagnosed with cancer and to understand how their long-term meditation practice influenced their ability to face the physical, emotional, and spiritual challenges of surviving cancer. Interpretative phenomenological analysis was used to investigate the lived experience of spirituality as described by three cancer survivors. Participants with a history of a cancer diagnosis were sought from the Brahma Kumaris Raja Yoga meditation centers across ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 14, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spirituality and Religious Practices and Its Association with Geriatric Syndromes in Older Adults Attending to a Geriatric ’s Clinic in a University Hospital
This study showed that the prevalence of RP is higher in Mexican older adults. The RP model can explain 8 and 9% of the variation in dependent variables (depressive symptoms and disability). These results suggest the importance of monitoring RP, as they seem to have a positive impact on he alth status of the elderly. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 13, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

“Give them the door but don’t push them through it”: Family Attitudes Toward Physician-Led Spiritual Care in Pediatric Palliative Medicine
AbstractLittle is known about pediatric caregivers ’ perceptions of religious or spiritual (R/S) care provided by physicians. We conducted a qualitative, semistructured interview study to understand perceptions of pediatric caregivers toward physician-led R/S care. Participants were 20 primary caregivers whose children were hospitalized and receiv ing palliative care services. Interviews were audio recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed using constant comparative methods. Three recurrent themes emerged regarding physician-led R/S care: (1) Most caregivers view providing R/S care as a positive sign of physician ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 11, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

An Exploration of the Relationship Between Spirituality, Religion and Mental Health Among Youth Who Identify as LGBT+: A Systematic Literature Review
AbstractThere is a growing interest in addressing spirituality in health care with evidence emerging that personal spiritual and religious practices, and support of these, can influence mental health in a positive way. However, there can be distinct challenges to spiritual expression and mental health issues for youth who identify as LGBT+. The goal of this paper was to undertake a systematic review of the available evidence to investigate the relationship between mental health, spirituality and religion as experienced by LGBT+ youth. A comprehensive literature search was conducted using medical and psychological databases...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 11, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Psychometrics Properties of the Daily Spiritual Experience Scale in Slovak Elderly
AbstractThe aim of this study was to evaluate psychometric properties of the daily spiritual experience scale (DSES) in Slovak elderly (n = 250). Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was 0.98. Reliability tests confirmed excellent internal consistency. Principal component analysis produced one-factor model which explained 75.86% of the total variance of the Slovak DSES. A higher frequency of spiritual experiences was associated with hi gher level of spirituality, meaning in life, religion/spiritual affiliation, and lower level of depression which justified construct validity of the DSES. Women stated greater sp...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 7, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Bridges to Care and Recovery: Addressing Behavioral Health and Mental Health Needs Through the Faith Community
AbstractThe Bridges to Care and Recovery program supports the behavioral health assessment, treatment, and recovery of individuals through partnerships with the African-American faith community. Church members receive mental health training and skill building, so they can serve as personal mental health educators and advocates. A Community Connector provides guidance and referral to behavioral health services, including access to free counseling. The program reduces the perceived stigma of mental illness and strengthens partnerships between behavioral health service providers and the African-American community. (Source: Jo...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 3, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Designing Worship Services to Support African-American Persons Living with Dementia
AbstractThe church has played an integral role in the African-American community for a number of years. With the growth in population of African-American older adults living with dementia, it is critical for the church to understand how they can support these individuals in continuing their engagement in meaningful religious activities. The purpose of this qualitative descriptive study was to explore how to design or modify worship services to support African-Americans living with dementia. Interviews were conducted with church leaders, current and former caregivers, and service providers (n = 12). Analysis o...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 3, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Spiritual Intelligence and Aggression Among Elite Wrestlers in Hamadan Province of IRAN
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between spiritual intelligence and aggression among elite wrestlers of adolescent age group. The present study was descriptive of correlation type in terms of method and applied in terms of purpose. The population of this research was the elite wrestlers of adolescents age group aged 14 –17 (mean and SD of 15.27 ± 1.33) using the convenient sampling method for adolescent wrestling teams of Hamedan clubs selected as samples. To measure variables, King’s spiritual intelligence scale and Bass and Perry aggression questionnaire w...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 22, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

What Spirituality Means for Patients and Families in Health Care
AbstractThis research focuses on the spiritual care experiences of patients and families at a hospital in Australia. Twenty-four patients and 10 family members were interviewed. Results indicate the importance of relatedness: being treated as a person, reminded of your capabilities and conversations about what matters. Maintaining contact with friends and family, sustaining religious and spiritual practices, music therapy and pet therapy were also significant and contact with the natural world and shared activities. The results indicate the importance of spirituality offered through pastoral care, and that all those involv...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 22, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Perceptions of the Efficacy of Prayer and Conventional Medicine for Health Concerns
AbstractPrevious research has associated prayer practices with positive health outcomes, but few studies have examined: (a) the perceptions of prayer in relation to perceptions of the efficacy of conventional medicine, and (b) whether the perceptions of prayer efficacy differ based on illness type, context of prayer, and whether prayer is for the self or someone else. The current study surveyed 498 emerging adults at a public university. Conventional medicine was perceived as more effective for alleviating health concerns overall, but participants perceived prayer as most effective when performed in a group setting for som...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 22, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Role of Socio-demographics in Adoption of Religious –Spiritual and Other Coping Strategies Among Muslim Chronic Patients with Hepatitis C in Pakistan
AbstractCoping has emerged as a vital indicator among patients in the chronic conditions. The current study examined the role of demographic characteristics (such as age, education, gender, marital status, residential background, family type and number of children) in adoption of coping (emotion-focused, problem-solving, religious –spiritual) strategies for nursing among hepatitis patients. A sample of 500 patients (of hepatitis C) was drawn from five most populous districts (Lahore, Faisalabad, Rawalpindi, Gujranwala and Multan) of Punjab, Pakistan, by using Epi Info software with an alpha level of 0.03. The data we...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 22, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Global Scientific Outputs of Brain Death Publications and Evaluation According to the Religions of Countries
AbstractIn 1950s, the concept of brain death, which began to be discussed primarily in terms of medicine and then in terms of religion, law, and ethics, became a central topic in all world countries as it was an early diagnosis of death. Despite the fact that brain death (BD) diagnosis is of importance for benefitting from organ and tissue transplantation of patients in the world, the literature still involves no bibliometric studies that made a holistic evaluation of the publications about this issue. The present study aims to investigate the top-cited articles about BD published between 1980 and 2018, identify the citati...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 22, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Effect of Holly Quran Voice With and Without Translation on Stress, Anxiety and Depression During Pregnancy: A Randomized Controlled Trial
This study aimed to investigate the effect of Holy Quran on stress, anxiety and depression in Iranian pregnant women. A total of 168 participants were allocated randomly into three groups. Group I received broadcast of the Holy Quran with translation, group II received broadcast of the Holy Quran without translation, and group III was the control group. After intervention, scores of perceived stress, state anxiety, trait anxiety and depression in group I and group II were significantly lower compared with the control group. The Holly Quran with translation and without it, both are the effective for reducing stress, anxiety...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 22, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Knowledge, Opinions and Behaviors of Senior Nursing Students in Turkey Regarding Euthanasia and Factors in Islam Affecting These
AbstractThe descriptive study was conducted to investigate the knowledge, opinions, behaviors of senior nursing students regarding euthanasia and factors in Islam influencing these. Almost all students (97.7%) knew about euthanasia. Their knowledge, opinions and behaviors were affected by their beliefs about death, religious beliefs and the idea of being subject to euthanasia themselves. Religion influenced whether they wanted euthanasia to be legalized or would carry it out secretly. Students who would be willing for their relatives to undergo euthanasia would not want to participate in this. Knowledge about the concept o...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 22, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spiritual Care: Define and Redefine Self
AbstractSpiritual care is deep rooted in the traditional ancient system of medicine. However, due to lack of high grade evidences, practitioners of modern system of medicine are hesitant to inculcate spirituality in their clinical practice. This paper is an attempt to basic understanding of spiritual care therapy, current evidences for it and the challenges for incorporation in the allopathic system of medicine. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 22, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Explaining an Influential Model of the Significant Relationship Between Religion, Spirituality, and Environmental Peace in Mosque Interior Architecture
AbstractInvestigating the components of environmental peace in an architectural work, especially Islamic mosques, requires a detailed understanding of this concept and its influential factors. In the architecture of the mosques of the past, certain patterns have always followed a continuous trend that made a logical relationship with the time before and after, but this continuity and trend are not seen today. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of environmental peace from two aspects of religion and spirituality. Religion means comprehensive instructions and complete guidelines that, on the one ha...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 20, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Structural Equation Modeling of the Spirituality and Self-efficacy Among College Students
AbstractThe present research is a descriptive analytical study which is conducted on 540 students. Multistage random sampling method was used. Data gathered by questionnaire consist of demographic factors and spirituality assessment questionnaire and self-efficacy questionnaire. Data were analyzed using statistical tests includingt test, Chi-square, one-way ANOVA and correlation between variables through SPSS16 and EQS6.1 Software. Positive coefficients in regression equations showed positive relationship of spiritual capability (P  
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 19, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Effect of Religious Beliefs on the Publication Productivity of Countries in Circumcision: A Comprehensive Bibliometric View
This study aims to make a comprehensive bibliometric analysis of circumcision and investigate the relationship between publication productivity and religious beliefs of the countries. Web of Science was utilized to obtain the documents needed for bibliometric analyses. “Circumcision” keyword was used for search. The search included studies published between 1980 and 2018. The literature review indicated that there were 3694 publications about circumcision published between 1980 and 2018. Of these publications, 1770 (47.9%) were articles. This study provided a bibliometric summary of 1770 articles. The top five ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 19, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Trauma and Post-traumatic Growth: Spirituality and Self-compassion as Mediators Among Parents Who Lost Their Young Children in a Protracted Conflict
AbstractThe purpose of the present study was to expand the knowledge on trauma and post-traumatic growth (PTG) by exploring this relationship in parents who lost their children in Kashmir (India). The main aim of the present study was to examine whether spirituality and self-compassion mediate the relationship between trauma and PTG. Data were collected from 80 parents in the age range of 35 –80 years (Mean Age = 52.09). Traumatic Grief scale Prigerson et al. (in Am J Psychiatry 154:616–623, 1997), Daily Spirituality Scale (Underwood and Teresi, Ann Behav Med 24(1):22–33,2002), Self-Com...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 17, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Authors Disclosing Their Theistic Orientation in Journal Articles on Religion and Health? Infrequent, Informal, and Mostly Inconsistent with Conflict of Interest
AbstractAn international survey was conducted of authors (N = 288) in the religion–health (R–H) research field concerning the disclosure of their theistic orientation (T-O) (i.e., whether they believe in God[s], a Higher Power, or a universal spirit) in their journal articles. Most (74%) of the respondents said they never disclose their T-O in this co ntext; e.g., because they feel the information is private (20%), irrelevant (36%), unimportant (56%), and/or likely to make them appear less credible (36%). Atheists were four times less likely than deists and gnostic theists were to disclose their T-O; ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 16, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Characteristics of Danish Centenarians ’ Religious Beliefs: A Nationwide Population-Based Study
AbstractResearch has shown that in groups of increasing age, religiousness becomes more prevalent. However, centenarians have only to a very limited extent been included in studies. The aim of this study is to characterize religious beliefs and practices in a larger sample of centenarians than have before been included in research on the matter. Using the Danish Civil Registration System, all individuals turning 100 in 2015 in Denmark were invited to participate (N = 498); 364 participated (73%) (82% women). Descriptive statistics on the centenarians’ self-reported belief, frequency of prayer and attend...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 9, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Conscientious Objection: A Talmudic Paradigm Shift
AbstractContentious objection remains a very heated topic with strong opinions arguing for and against its utilization in contemporary health care. This paper summarizes and analyzes various arguments in the bioethical literature, favoring and opposing conscientious objection, as well as some of the proposed solutions and compromises. I then present a paradigm shifting compromise approach that arises out of very recent Jewish bioethical thought that refocuses the discussion and can minimize the frequency with which conscientious objection is required. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 9, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Public Health Significance of Religious Imposition: The Experience of Oromo People in Ethiopia
AbstractKnowledge and power are intertwined. To validate their illegitimate colonial occupation, the colonizers have imposed their knowledge —as expressed in such things as religion—upon the colonized people. Religions are instrumental in setting values, moralities and influencing the types of sciences, laws and arts developed. They govern human behavior, inform researchers on the questions they ask and foster certain types of knowle dge. Religion also guides policymakers where and on what they need to focus. In this paper using a logic model I investigate (a) the theoretical reasons for imposing religion; (b) ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 8, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Facing the Ills of Unemployment: The Role of Religiosity and Social Support
AbstractThe study examined the role of religiosity and social support in coping with mental health problems associated with unemployment among 362 Ghanaian youths. Through a cross-sectional survey, participants ’ mental health (i.e., depression, cognitive distortions, and suicidality), religiosity, and degree of social support were assessed. The data revealed significant buffering effects of religiosity on mental health problems associated with unemployment. Social support had direct, but not buffering, effects on mental health. The findings highlight the need to promote religiosity as a coping mechanism for the adve...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 6, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Healthcare Chaplains ’ Perspectives on Nurse–Chaplain Collaboration: An Online Survey
This study not only provides evidence that can inform chaplain and nurse practice, but also an instrument for measuring perceptions about collaboration to provide spiri tual care. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 6, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Use of Prayer in the Management of Pain: A Systematic Review
AbstractThe availability of safe and effective non-pharmacological therapies for pain is an important unmet medical need. Prayer may be considered as an effective adjunctive therapy for pain and this systematic review aims to clarify this association. Pertinent databases were searched for English language publications, dated 2000 –2019. Inclusion criteria involved prayer as an on-site or personal intervention and at least one pre-specified pain-related outcome. We evaluated 411 abstracts. Nine studies met criteria. Active prayer to God emerged as a preferred beneficial intervention for religious patients undergoing s...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 6, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Psychometric Properties of the Brief Religious Coping Scale (Brief-RCOPE) in Chilean Adults Exposed to Stressful Events
This study shows Brief-RCOPE as a valid and reliable instrument for measuring religious coping in this population. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 5, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Workplace Spirituality and Work-to-Family Enrichment in Selected Public Sector Organizations in Malaysia
In this study, data collection was conducted using questionnaires that were distributed to two public organizations, which managed to receive a total of 81% response rate. The results were in line with past studies, which indicated a significant and positive relationship between workplace spirituality dimensions (inner life, meaningful work, and sense of community) and WFE. The significant influence of the sense of community toward WFE is believe d to be caused by the collectivist culture of Malaysians. Therefore, the aspect of community must be taken into consideration in order to increase work–family enrichment amo...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 3, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Leaving My Religion: How Ex-Fundamentalists Reconstruct Identity Related to Well-Being
This study investigates an understudied subgroup of exiters—individuals who have left Christian fundamentalist religions. Drawing on 24 in-depth interviews, this research reveals the social psychological processe s through which former religious participants reconstruct their identity and self-concepts related to their well-being. The results demonstrate that while it is challenging in the beginning stages of the exiting process to develop a new identity and improve self-concepts, over time the construction of a nonreligious identity eventually contributed to participants’ greater well-being. (Source: Journal o...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 3, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

An Impact of Perceived Social Support on Old Age Well-Being Mediated by Spirituality, Self-esteem and Ego Integrity
AbstractGood in physical health is a positive outcome in later life associated with well-being. The purpose of this study was to address the factors involved in friends, family and someone ’s special support that affect physical well-being and psychological well-being, mediated by the spirituality, self-esteem and ego integrity among older adults. Respondents (410) were selected through questionnaire sampling technique from the age of 61 years and above from the four different divi sions of Punjab province of Pakistan. It revealed that the hypotheses family support and someone’s special support have a posi...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 1, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Predictors of Quality of Life in Patients with Heart Disease
AbstractIndividuals with heart disease have been found to have more negative psychological and physical effects that impact their quality of life (QoL) than the general population. Spiritual well-being is considered a protective factor associated with QoL  in people with heart disease. Therefore, the current research seeks to evaluate whether sociodemographic factors and spiritual well-being predict QoL among patients with heart disease. A total of 500 patients who were selected through a convenient sampling method from an Iranian hospital participa ted in this descriptive-correlational study. Data were collected usin...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 31, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Chinese Spiritual Coping Scale: Development and Initial Psychometric Evaluation
AbstractThe aim of the study was to develop and psychometrically evaluate the Chinese Spiritual Coping Scale. The items in the questionnaire were written according to the study ’s theoretical conception and literature research. A sample of 415 participants with or without religious beliefs was used for exploratory factor analyses to select the items. In addition, another sample of 207 participants was used to cross-validate the factor structure and examine the internal c onsistency. The results supported the four-factor structure of the Chinese Spiritual Coping Scale (17 items, four dimensions: Mystical Experience, M...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 31, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Nurses ’ Empathetic Behaviors: The Direct and Indirect Effect of Their Spiritual Orientation
AbstractSpirituality and its role in nurses ’ performance has gained much attention from the nursing researchers. But there is still some ambiguity about its role in improving the nurses’ empathetic behaviors and factors that mediate this relation. To fill these research gaps, a sample of 247 Muslim nurses in a hospital at Shiraz, Iran, w ere selected and studied. Data were gathered by distributing the standard questionnaires among all of the nurses. Also, structural equation modeling and ANOVA test were used to analyze the data. It was found that nurses’ spiritual orientation has a positive effect on the...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 31, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Effect of Religion and Denomination on Calmness in Residential Spaces Based on Islamic Teachings
AbstractAs elements of culture and also as social-cultural phenomena, religion and denomination are the sources of creating change, difference and contrast in various places. Although indifference has been practically the approach adopted toward religion and its belongings in the contemporary world and today ’s human life, the religious and Islamic discussions have been among the important issues drawing a lot of attentions from the contemporaries in the theoretical arena. Islam has paid a particular attention to the house as the place of living and calmness for the human beings and believes in certai n conditions fo...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 31, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Fear of Punishment in Another World: a Follow-Up Examination of the Religious Beliefs About HIV/AIDS —A Decade of Progress?
This study compared 2000 and 2010 data on the religious beliefs about HIV/AIDS among those with HIV in a Deep South state. The percentage agreeing that HIV/AIDS is a punishment from God had not decreased in that decade. The literature on interventions to reduce religious stigma and increase church involvement in HIV/AIDS prevention was presented. The study concluded with a set of recommendations for future research. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 19, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

After the Violence
AbstractThe Easter 2019 bombings in Sri Lanka signified how religious frictions could result in violence whose mental health impacts linger. Against the backdrop of nation-wide trauma due to a three-decade-long civil war and the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, the mental health consequences of the bombings in the context of Sri Lanka ’s history remain unknown, and likely underdiagnosed and undertreated. In this philosophical exploration, a medical student of Sri Lankan descent grapples with these issues by untangling his own connections to the island. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 17, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Provision of Clergy Health Resources by Faith-Based Organizations in the USA
This study highlights potential prior ities for denomination-level FBOs interested in providing health resources for clergy. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 16, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Spiritual Dimensions of Healing Rituals in Ancient Mesopotamia
AbstractThe spell formula called the Marduk –Ea incantation from ancient Mesopotamia is unique in history of medicine due to its documented use of almost 3000 years. The incantation was recited in exorcistic healing rituals. The formal structure of the spell is studied from the point of view of neuroscience of doctor–patient relationship and in the context of the decentring mechanism of religious experiences. The incantation structure is also analysed for decentring phenomenology in dreams. The structure of this incantation enables religious and spiritual experiences to occur both to healer and patient. Th...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 16, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Impact of Religion and Provision of Information on Increasing Knowledge and Changing Attitudes to Organ Donation: An Intervention Study
AbstractOne of the most significant developments in recent history has probably been organ donation and organ transplantation. They are frequently the only treatment available in certain cases. However, there is an ever-increasing discrepancy between the number of people needing transplantation and the organs available, because the decision to donate an organ is up to each individual. The study aims to assess the impact of the intervention on knowledge, attitudes and practices on organ donation among religious immigrants in Sweden. Data were collected through three group interviews using open-ended questions and qualitativ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 13, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Ethnomedicinal Plants Used for the Treatment of Cardiovascular Diseases by Healers in the Southwestern State of Paran á, Brazil, and Their Validation Based on Scientific Pharmacological Data
AbstractCardiovascular diseases are responsible for high morbidity and mortality rates worldwide. Among treatment options, medicinal plants are frequently used, especially in developing countries, such as Brazil. Despite social development that has been observed in the last decades, the use of medicinal plants is still driven by popular knowledge, especially by healers. The present study sought to identify medicinal species that are used for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases by healers in the microregion of Francisco Beltr ão, Paraná, Brazil. The snowball technique was used to select informants, and da...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 11, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Black Caribbean  Emerging Adults: A Systematic Review of Religion and Health
AbstractReligion, a prominent factor among Black diasporic communities, influences their health outcomes. Given the increase in Black  Caribbeans living in the United States, it is important to understand how religion’s function among different ethnic groups of Black Americans. We systematically reviewed four databases and included articles of any study design if they (a) focused on the religious experiences of emerging adult s (18–29 years) identifying as Black Caribbean in the United States, in light of medical, public health, or mental health outcomes, and (b) were published bef...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 10, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Power of Religious Beliefs and Coping with Cancer: Opinions of Iranian Parents
AbstractChildhood cancer as a stressful event has many consequences for both the parents and their children. The aim of the study was to assess the coping strategies used by Iranian parents of children with cancer. The present study was conducted through convenience sampling with the participation of 205 parents with at least one child with cancer referred to the oncology ward, in the southeast of Iran. The Coping Health Inventory for Parents was used to measure parental coping strategies. Results showed that the highest and the lowest mean coping score belonged to the dimensions of social support and medical factors, resp...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 8, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religion/Spirituality and Gender-Differentiated Trajectories of Depressive Symptoms Age 13 –34
This study assessed whether subjective and experiential R/S variables were associated with increased depressive symptom burden from adolescence to young adulthood. Variations by gender were also assessed. Using group-based trajectory modeling with a cohort-sequential design, four distinct symptom trajectories were identified for women and five for men. 27.4% of women and 10.2% of men were classified on peak trajectory groups. Religious attendance was protective for men and women. Prayer was protective for women but linked to risk for men. Born-again and life-changing spiritual experiences, along with belief in supernatural...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 5, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religion and Caregiving for Orphans and Vulnerable Children: A Qualitative Study of Caregivers Across Four Religious Traditions and Five Global Contexts
This study has implications for OVC care, including the importance of engaging religious institutions to support caregivers, the significance of attending to local religious context, and the vital need for research outside of Christi an contexts. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 4, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Be Happy, Be Honest: The Role of Self-Control, Self-Beliefs, and Satisfaction with Life in Honest Behavior
AbstractHonesty seems to be a key value influencing how others perceive us and how we see ourselves. The aim of this study was twofold: to develop a questionnaire measuring honesty and to test whether certain psychological variables —self-control, self-beliefs, and satisfaction with life—correlate with honesty. The participants in the study were 693 individuals. The authors administered the Honesty Scale, the Brief Self-Control Scale, the Social Success Index, the Normalcy Feeling Scale, the Social Comparison Scale, and the Satisfaction with Life Scale. The analysis yielded three factors of the Honesty Scale, n...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 2, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

“Care for the Common Home”: Responses to Pope Francis’s Encyclical Letter
This article aims to build awareness of the growing global crisis in social, economic and environmental terms from different disciplinary approaches. The authors respond to the message of Pope Francis presented in his Encyclical Letter published in 2015. The article provides a short current overview of the discourse and presents three hypotheses anchored in the disciplines of Psychology, Health and Theology for a deeper discussion of Pope Francis ’s viewpoints on the challenges to humankind and how to address them. It thereby contributes to the discourse on health and religion with regard to the Pope’s message ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 2, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Reasons for Abortion: Religion, Religiosity/Spirituality and Attitudes of Male Secondary School Youth in South Africa
This study focused on the relationship between religion, religiosity/spirituality (R/S), and attitudes of a sample of South African male secondary school youth toward women ’s rights to legal abortion in different situations. We distributed 400 self-administered questionnaires assessing the main variables (attitudes toward reasons for abortion and R/S) to the target sample in six different secondary schools in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. The responses of a final sam ple of 327 learners were then analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software. The findings revealed that religion and R/...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - November 9, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Medico-Religious Plants Employed in Mauritius: A Survey Among Hindu Priests
AbstractMauritius is renowned for its rich floral and cultural diversity. The aim of this study was to identify and document medicinal plants exclusively employed in rituals and to promote wellness among the Hindu community. In addition, it also highlights poorly documented plants with respect to their safety, efficacy, and herb –drug interaction inducing potential. The informant group included Hindu priests (n = 14) solely, while the relative frequency of citation (RFC) and use value (UV) were utilised to analyse the data. A total of 33 plants were reported in this survey. Sixteen plants were reported ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - November 9, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research