Can Religious and Spiritual Struggle Enhance Well-Being? Exploring the Mediating Effects of Internal Dialogues
AbstractAlthough a number of studies have demonstrated links between religious/spiritual struggle and well-being, only a few have examined what makes religious/spiritual struggle increase or decrease well-being. The present paper aims to examine different forms of internal dialogues (IDs) as potential mediators of the relationship between religious/spiritual struggle and well-being among Roman Catholics. There were 143 respondents (81 female) who participated in the study. We applied the Religious and Spiritual Struggle Scale, the Internal Dialogical Activity Scale, and the Psychological Well-Being Scale. The results showe...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 2, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Finding Ourselves Lost: Ministry in the Age of Overwhelm
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 2, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Editorial: After Eight Years
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 2, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Medical Problems of Way of St. James Pilgrimage
AbstractIt appears that the El Camino pilgrimage route has become a long-distance trek and endurance test of the individual. The continuously increasing number of hikers demands more attention by travel medicine professionals. Analysis of the age groups of the pilgrims over recent years shows that the number of young pilgrims (  60 years) is considerably increased. The leading cause of fatalities during the pilgrimage is ACS. The majority of the cardiac problems occur among the elderly people. The second most common cause of death is a traffic accident, and the third and fourth causes are a fatal exacerbation o...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 2, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Spiritual Development and Life Satisfaction Among Students of Qom University of Medical Sciences
AbstractHaving a spiritual perspective on life can have an effect on the optimism and individuals level of life satisfaction, and it is a protective factor against self-harm in life. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between spiritual development and life satisfaction in students of Qom University of Medical Sciences, Iran. This cross-sectional study is part of study that was performed in Qom University of Medical Sciences, Iran, from February 2015 to July 2016 which accommodates 250 medical and paramedical students that were selected through systematic random sampling. Data collection tools were de...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 1, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Use of the Spiritual Development Framework in Conducting Spirituality and Health Research with Adolescents
AbstractSpirituality is considered a universal phenomenon, but research addressing the spiritual needs of adolescents in the context of health and illness is limited. The aim of this article is to provide a description of how the spiritual development framework (SDF) was used in conducting research with adolescents. An exemplar of a qualitative descriptive study is provided to demonstrate applicability of the SDF. The SDF was used as a guiding theoretical framework in conducting research with adolescents living with sickle cell disease. The SDF is culturally applicable and methodologically appropriate. Additional research ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 1, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

My Personal Experience of Orthodox Psychiatry and Alternative Approaches
AbstractRuth Smith ’s incisive and moving account of her experiences with orthodox psychiatry as delivered by the UK National Health Service sets the scene for this special section. She gives a detailed description of her own twelve years’ experience as a Carer to her daughter, diagnosed with psychosis at age 24 y ears. She explains how they struggled to comply with the psychiatric services and cope with the, often traumatic, treatment provided to them. Clearly, we need to do better, but how? Smith explains how her study of critical texts and research papers on the subject helped to form her own critical view p...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 20, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Defining and Operationalizing Chaplain Presence: A Review
AbstractPresence is a vaguely defined word often used by chaplains to describe their work with patients, families, and staff. The current literature defines presence as a process of creating a trusting atmosphere for nonjudgmental and compassionate sharing in another ’s story. Presence has no apparent agenda, much flexibility, and requires emotional vulnerability in the chaplain interactions. This presents four problems: distinguishing chaplain presence from presence by other providers; dependence on chaplain vulnerability in the encounter; difficulty of asses sing impact on patient/family care; and clearly communica...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 18, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Influence of Religiosity on the Emotional –Behavioral Health of Adolescents
AbstractReligion is a multidimensional structure. Former studies examined only one or a few dimensions of the religion and the study that has looked comprehensively to the topic was not found. Considering this feature, the impact of religion on the emotional –behavioral health of adolescents should be investigated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of religiosity on the emotional–behavioral health of adolescents. Data were collected using religiosity, trauma resilience scale, emotional abuse, and Achenbach’s Youth Self Report questi onnaires in a 511-person sample of adolescents (318 girls ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 18, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Women ’s Narratives of Marital and Divorce Issues and Impact on their Health
This study also examined how women used narratives to explain their issues on the basis of health and justify their problems through narratives. Efforts were made through this the research to get the real narratives of women, wherein the middle of the speculative pattern was found. The hierarchy and priority of social issues as considered were women were experienced. Through personal narratives, subjects create and recreate representations of the self within socialized contexts. Feminist re searchers have therefore stressed the importance of using women’s own experiences as a starting point to theories about broader ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 17, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religiosity and Beliefs About the Transmission of Cancer, Chemotherapy, and Radiation Through Physical Contact in Saudi Arabia
We examined relationships between religiosity and Saudi cancer patients ’ beliefs about the spread of cancer, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy through close physical contact. Surveyed were 64 patients seen in university oncology clinics. Assessed were beliefs about the spread of cancer and its treatments, along with religious, demographic, social, psychological, an d cancer-related characteristics. Greater religiosity was related to older age, non-Saudi nationality, less anxiety, earlier cancer stage, and greater time since initial diagnosis. Non-significant trends suggested that religious practices were associate...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 15, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Understanding the Diverse Forms of Spiritual Expression of Older People in Residential Aged Care in Australia
AbstractThe ability of older people to express their spirituality is an important component of aged care. Spirituality is not specifically religiousness although, for some, religion offers a means for spiritual expression. This paper aimed to explore what constitutes spiritual life for residents in three residential aged care facilities in South Australia. The findings of the research demonstrated that the majority of older resident participants defined spirituality as ‘connection/s’. Three unexpected results of the study became obvious during analysis, reported here as ‘loss’, ‘adaptation&rsq...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 7, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Evolution of Spirituality, Religion and Health Publications: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow
This study will lead the researchers especially in terms of the important journals, active countries, authors, top-cited articles and current topics in spirituality, religion and health research. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 6, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Impact of Fasting on the Psychological Well-Being of Muslim Graduate Students
AbstractThe main objective of this research was to evaluate the impact of fasting on the psychological well-being of Muslim graduate students. In a single-group pretest posttest research design, students who intended to fast in the month of Ramadan were asked to respond to a psychological well-being scale and its subscales before and after the end of fasting month of Ramadan. Findings show that fasting led to the promotion of overall psychological well-being, self-acceptance, autonomy, positive relations, environmental mastery, and personal growth among students who fasted in this month. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 6, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Interrelation of Prayer and Worship Service Attendance in Moderating the Negative Impact of Life Event Stressors on Mental Well-Being
AbstractThe interrelation of worship service attendance and private prayer in moderating the negative impact of life event stressors on mental well-being is examined using hierarchical multiple regressions on a national sample of 2601 Americans. A theoretical model is proposed in which stressful life events are made less distressing under conditions in which exposure to pro-social content at worship services is internalized through frequent private prayer. Interactive models controlling for a block of potential confounds are run to confirm that the stress-moderating effects of worship service attendance are noted only when...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religious and Spiritual Salience, Well-Being, and Psychosocial Functioning Among Psychotherapy Clients: Moderator Effects for Humility
In this study, we investigate dispositional humility as a potential moderator in the relationship between religious and spiritual salience and (1) well-being and (2) psychosocial functioning outcomes in a clinical sample. Results indicated that dispositional humility significantly moderated the relationships tested. Implications for future research and clinical practice are discussed. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Cultured Meat in Islamic Perspective
AbstractCultured meat is a promising product that is derived through biotechnology that partially circumvents animal physiology, thereby being potentially more sustainable, environmentally friendly and animal friendly than traditional livestock meat. Such a novel technology that can impact many consumers evokes ethical, philosophical and religious discussions. For the Islamic community, the crucial question is whether cultured meat is halal, meaning compliant with Islamic laws. Since the culturing of meat is a new discovery, invention and innovation by scientists that has never been discussed by classical jurists (fuqaha &...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Determination of Hopelessness and Quality of Life in Patients with Heart Disease: An Example from Eastern Turkey
AbstractThis descriptive study was undertaken in order to determine hopelessness and quality of life among the patients with heart disease. No sampling was made, and 200 patients who were voluntary and were able to communicate were included in the study. The data of the study were collected using a personal information form that involved questions about patients ’ descriptive information and their diseases, Beck Hopelessness Scale and SF-36 Quality of Life Scale with a face-to-face interview technique. For the analyses of the data, percentages, means,t test, Kruskal –Wallis and Pearson’s correlation analy...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spirituality, Religiosity, Quality of Life and Mental Health Among Pantaneiros : A Study Involving a Vulnerable Population in Pantanal Wetlands, Brazil
This study aims to investigate the relationship between spirituality, religiosity (S/R), mental health and quality of life in a vulnerable population in thePantanal wetlands of Brazil. A total of 129 individuals were interviewed. We examined mental health (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale), quality of life (SF-12), spirituality (self-spirituality rating scale), religiosity (DUREL) and R/S opinions. Individuals had high levels of spirituality, non-organizational and intrinsic religiosity, but low levels of religious attendance. Most participants said they would like to have their faith addressed by a health professiona...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

A Longitudinal Study of Religiosity, Spiritual Health Locus of Control, and Health Behaviors in a National Sample of African Americans
AbstractThe present longitudinal study examined religious beliefs and behaviors, spiritual health locus of control (SHLOC), and selected health-related behaviors and outcomes in a national sample of 766 African American adults. Participants were interviewed by telephone three times over a 5-year period. Results indicated that stronger religious beliefs and religious behaviors were associated with greater changes in active SHLOC. There was some evidence of direct effects of religious beliefs and behaviors on changes in health behaviors. Religious behaviors were related to greater passive SHLOC over time across some health o...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Comparison of Attitudes Toward Death Between University Students Who Receive Nursing Education and Who Receive Religious Education
In conclusion, the education given to students about the religious or health aspects of death in accordance with the curriculum seemed to have no effects on students’ developing positive attitudes toward death. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Are Religious Coping and Pain Perception Related Together? Assessment in Iranian Cancer Patients
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between religious coping and pain perception in Iranian cancer patients. In this cross-sectional study (October –December, 2015), 380 hospitalized cancer patients were entered to the study using accessible sampling. Data were collected by socio-demographic, Religious Coping and McGill pain questionnaires. Males (48.39 ± 13 ± 39; CI95: 46.41–50.38) are older than females (45.33 ± 18.44; CI95: 42.7 9–47.87). According to results, there was a significant relationship between pain perception and positive religi...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Shiite Perspective on the Moral Status of the Early Human Embryo: A Critical Review
AbstractAccording to Shiite perspective, the relative inviolability of the human embryo starts at the time of implantation and attains complete ethical status at ensoulment. Different paradigms of embryology have been influential on the understanding of Shiite jurists of the relevant Qur ’anic verses. This paper provides a critical review of the process of issuing religious decrees on issues related to the early human life and concludes that Shiite jurisprudence needs to obtain consistency in its adopted account of embryology and adopt a proactive approach toward the bioethical ne w-emerging issues. (Source: Journal ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Prayer: A Helpful Aid in Recovery from Depression
AbstractDepression is a growing issue within the field of medicine. It negatively impacts individuals ’ lives and the people they are most connected to. For decades, medical professionals have been searching for solutions to assist those who are suffering from this illness. The use of drugs has not been a sufficient means of treatment to alleviate depression and its symptoms. There is a dire need to expand therapeutic interventions that can attribute meaningful recovery for victims of depression. One means of positive treatment is the use of prayer. Prayer, one of the most ancient forms of meditation, aligns and rela...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religious Integration and Psychological Distress: Different Patterns in Emerging Adult Males and Females
This study examined differences between male and female emerging adults on low, moderate, and high levels of religious integration in relation to psychological distress. Participants were recruited from undergraduate courses at a religiously affiliated, Midwestern university and completed the integration scale of the Personal Religious Inventory and the Langner Symptom Survey. Due to significantly higher reports of religious integration in female participants, the sample was separated by sex. A significant, negative correlation between religious integration and psychological distress was foundonly for females. Similarly, f...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Late Onset First Episode Psychosis Emerging as Delusional Misidentification of Familiar Sacred Places During a Holy Pilgrimage: A Case Report and Literature Review
DiscussionDMS are relatively rare and occur predominantly in association with schizophrenia and affective psychosis. Between 25 and 40% are associated with organic conditions such as dementia, head injuries, brain tumors, and epilepsy. Only three cases of misidentification of sacred places have been reported previously in the literature. This case report is the first to present a DMS, emerging as a late onset first episode psychosis during the sacred journey of Hajj.Clinical ImplicationsThe reported case highlights the importance of early recognition and treatment of mental health conditions that may appear de novo during ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Racial and Ethnic Differences in the Utilization of Prayer and Clergy Counseling by Infertile US Women Desiring Pregnancy
AbstractReligion can have a significant influence on the experience of infertility. However, it is unclear how many US women turn to religion when facing infertility. Here, we examine the utilization of prayer and clergy counsel among a nationally representative sample of 1062 infertile US women. Prayer was used by 74.8% of the participants, and clergy counsel was the most common formal support system utilized. Both prayer and clergy counsel were significantly more common among black and Hispanic women. Healthcare providers should acknowledge the spiritual needs of their infertile patients and ally with clergy when possibl...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Editor ’s Note
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Interrelation of Prayer and Worship Service Attendance in Moderating the Negative Impact of Life Event Stressors on Mental Well-Being
AbstractThe interrelation of worship service attendance and private prayer in moderating the negative impact of life event stressors on mental well-being is examined using hierarchical multiple regressions on a national sample of 2601 Americans. A theoretical model is proposed in which stressful life events are made less distressing under conditions in which exposure to pro-social content at worship services is internalized through frequent private prayer. Interactive models controlling for a block of potential confounds are run to confirm that the stress-moderating effects of worship service attendance are noted only when...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religious and Spiritual Salience, Well-Being, and Psychosocial Functioning Among Psychotherapy Clients: Moderator Effects for Humility
In this study, we investigate dispositional humility as a potential moderator in the relationship between religious and spiritual salience and (1) well-being and (2) psychosocial functioning outcomes in a clinical sample. Results indicated that dispositional humility significantly moderated the relationships tested. Implications for future research and clinical practice are discussed. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Cultured Meat in Islamic Perspective
AbstractCultured meat is a promising product that is derived through biotechnology that partially circumvents animal physiology, thereby being potentially more sustainable, environmentally friendly and animal friendly than traditional livestock meat. Such a novel technology that can impact many consumers evokes ethical, philosophical and religious discussions. For the Islamic community, the crucial question is whether cultured meat is halal, meaning compliant with Islamic laws. Since the culturing of meat is a new discovery, invention and innovation by scientists that has never been discussed by classical jurists (fuqaha &...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spiritual Health and Outcomes in Muslim ICU Patients: A Nationwide Cross-Sectional Study
AbstractThe aim of the present study is to describe how religiosity and spirituality affect the psychiatric morbidity of Muslim intensive care unit (ICU) patients. We conducted a prospective nationwide cross-sectional study  of ICU patients discharged from 45 medical centers spanning 31 proivinces in Iran. Adults (age ≥ 18 years) admitted to the ICU and treated with invasive mechanical ventilation were eligible. Nine validated survey tools were administered to detect direct and indirect associations between spir itual health (SH) and depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic disorder. The Hospital...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Ritual Participation, Sense of Community, and Social Well-Being: A Study of Seva in the Sikh Community
AbstractThe study examined the impact of frequency of ritual participation on sense of community and social well-being of a minority community in India, the Sikhs. We looked at a unique ritualistic practice of the Sikhs,seva. Rituals are known to contribute toward social solidarity and cohesion as well as physical and mental well-being. In particular for a minority community, rituals help group members establish and maintain strong community networks and a unique group identity. A total of 156 members of the Sikh community (85 males; 71 females) participated in the study. Frequency of ritual participation was positively re...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Determination of Hopelessness and Quality of Life in Patients with Heart Disease: An Example from Eastern Turkey
AbstractThis descriptive study was undertaken in order to determine hopelessness and quality of life among the patients with heart disease. No sampling was made, and 200 patients who were voluntary and were able to communicate were included in the study. The data of the study were collected using a personal information form that involved questions about patients ’ descriptive information and their diseases, Beck Hopelessness Scale and SF-36 Quality of Life Scale with a face-to-face interview technique. For the analyses of the data, percentages, means,t test, Kruskal –Wallis and Pearson’s correlation analy...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spirituality, Religiosity, Quality of Life and Mental Health Among Pantaneiros : A Study Involving a Vulnerable Population in Pantanal Wetlands, Brazil
This study aims to investigate the relationship between spirituality, religiosity (S/R), mental health and quality of life in a vulnerable population in thePantanal wetlands of Brazil. A total of 129 individuals were interviewed. We examined mental health (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale), quality of life (SF-12), spirituality (self-spirituality rating scale), religiosity (DUREL) and R/S opinions. Individuals had high levels of spirituality, non-organizational and intrinsic religiosity, but low levels of religious attendance. Most participants said they would like to have their faith addressed by a health professiona...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

A Longitudinal Study of Religiosity, Spiritual Health Locus of Control, and Health Behaviors in a National Sample of African Americans
AbstractThe present longitudinal study examined religious beliefs and behaviors, spiritual health locus of control (SHLOC), and selected health-related behaviors and outcomes in a national sample of 766 African American adults. Participants were interviewed by telephone three times over a 5-year period. Results indicated that stronger religious beliefs and religious behaviors were associated with greater changes in active SHLOC. There was some evidence of direct effects of religious beliefs and behaviors on changes in health behaviors. Religious behaviors were related to greater passive SHLOC over time across some health o...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Comparison of Attitudes Toward Death Between University Students Who Receive Nursing Education and Who Receive Religious Education
In conclusion, the education given to students about the religious or health aspects of death in accordance with the curriculum seemed to have no effects on students’ developing positive attitudes toward death. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Personal Transformation Process of Mental Health Relief Workers in Sichuan Earthquake
AbstractAfter Sichuan earthquake, a few dedicated teams of psychological volunteers have been committed to helping the survivors of the disaster for a long period. Their personal transformation experiences were absent in the literatures. The purpose of this qualitative research was to adopt a qualitative research to examine individuals ’ lived experiences of personal transformation after long-term disaster mental health services. The study interviewed 10 psychological counselors, 3 psychiatric nurses, 4 psychiatrist, and 6 social workers. We built an explorative model to understand disaster relief workers personal tr...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Are Religious Coping and Pain Perception Related Together? Assessment in Iranian Cancer Patients
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between religious coping and pain perception in Iranian cancer patients. In this cross-sectional study (October –December, 2015), 380 hospitalized cancer patients were entered to the study using accessible sampling. Data were collected by socio-demographic, Religious Coping and McGill pain questionnaires. Males (48.39 ± 13 ± 39; CI95: 46.41–50.38) are older than females (45.33 ± 18.44; CI95: 42.7 9–47.87). According to results, there was a significant relationship between pain perception and positive religi...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

A Nationwide Panel Study on Religious Involvement and Depression in South Africa: Evidence from the South African National Income Dynamics Study
AbstractPanel data from the South African National Income Dynamics Study, a nationally representative sample of households (years 2008, 2010 and 2012), were used to examine the longitudinal association between religious involvement and depression risk. Approximately 89.6 –91.8% identified themselves as religiously affiliated, while 88.0–90.3% perceived religion to be important in South Africa during the observed study periods. A short-term association between religious involvement and significant depressive symptomatology was not detected, but logistic regressio n models that accounted for the clustering of rep...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Shiite Perspective on the Moral Status of the Early Human Embryo: A Critical Review
AbstractAccording to Shiite perspective, the relative inviolability of the human embryo starts at the time of implantation and attains complete ethical status at ensoulment. Different paradigms of embryology have been influential on the understanding of Shiite jurists of the relevant Qur ’anic verses. This paper provides a critical review of the process of issuing religious decrees on issues related to the early human life and concludes that Shiite jurisprudence needs to obtain consistency in its adopted account of embryology and adopt a proactive approach toward the bioethical ne w-emerging issues. (Source: Journal ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Prayer: A Helpful Aid in Recovery from Depression
AbstractDepression is a growing issue within the field of medicine. It negatively impacts individuals ’ lives and the people they are most connected to. For decades, medical professionals have been searching for solutions to assist those who are suffering from this illness. The use of drugs has not been a sufficient means of treatment to alleviate depression and its symptoms. There is a dire need to expand therapeutic interventions that can attribute meaningful recovery for victims of depression. One means of positive treatment is the use of prayer. Prayer, one of the most ancient forms of meditation, aligns and rela...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religious Integration and Psychological Distress: Different Patterns in Emerging Adult Males and Females
This study examined differences between male and female emerging adults on low, moderate, and high levels of religious integration in relation to psychological distress. Participants were recruited from undergraduate courses at a religiously affiliated, Midwestern university and completed the integration scale of the Personal Religious Inventory and the Langner Symptom Survey. Due to significantly higher reports of religious integration in female participants, the sample was separated by sex. A significant, negative correlation between religious integration and psychological distress was foundonly for females. Similarly, f...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Moral Objections and Fear of Hell: An Important Barrier to Suicidality
AbstractThis review explores the literature to test the hypothesis that ‘moral objections to suicide (MOS), especially the conviction of going to hell after committing suicide, exert a restraining effect on suicide and suicidality.’ Medline and PsycInfo were searched using all relevant search terms; all relevant articles were selected, rated and reviewed. Fifteen cr oss-sectional studies were available on this topic, and raise sufficient evidence to confirm a restraining effect of MOS, and sparse data on fear of hell. MOS seem to counteract especially the development of suicidal intent and attempts, and possibl...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Late Onset First Episode Psychosis Emerging as Delusional Misidentification of Familiar Sacred Places During a Holy Pilgrimage: A Case Report and Literature Review
DiscussionDMS are relatively rare and occur predominantly in association with schizophrenia and affective psychosis. Between 25 and 40% are associated with organic conditions such as dementia, head injuries, brain tumors, and epilepsy. Only three cases of misidentification of sacred places have been reported previously in the literature. This case report is the first to present a DMS, emerging as a late onset first episode psychosis during the sacred journey of Hajj.Clinical ImplicationsThe reported case highlights the importance of early recognition and treatment of mental health conditions that may appear de novo during ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Opinions and Expectations of Muslim Donors ’ Relatives Deciding Organ Donation: The Sample of Istanbul
AbstractThe low rate of consent by relatives of potential donors especially in Muslim majority countries is one of the basic limiting factors of the success of organ transplantation. Therefore, this study aimed to explore opinions and expectations of relatives after donating their beloved ones ’ organs on a Muslim sample in Istanbul Region. Descriptive method was used. Data were collected from 82 of 95 Muslim donor relatives who agreed to participate in the study between the March and July 2014 via telephone calls. It was found that most of the relatives had donated the organs of their relatives for “keeping al...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Racial and Ethnic Differences in the Utilization of Prayer and Clergy Counseling by Infertile US Women Desiring Pregnancy
AbstractReligion can have a significant influence on the experience of infertility. However, it is unclear how many US women turn to religion when facing infertility. Here, we examine the utilization of prayer and clergy counsel among a nationally representative sample of 1062 infertile US women. Prayer was used by 74.8% of the participants, and clergy counsel was the most common formal support system utilized. Both prayer and clergy counsel were significantly more common among black and Hispanic women. Healthcare providers should acknowledge the spiritual needs of their infertile patients and ally with clergy when possibl...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Editor ’s Note
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Impact of Spirituality/Religiousness on Cyber Bullying and Victimization in University Students: Mediating Effect of Emotional Intelligence
AbstractThe aim of the study was to explore the relationship between spirituality/religiousness with cyber bullying and victimization amongst Indian University students and whether emotional intelligence mediates the relationship. Data were collected from 490 University students studying in undergraduate and postgraduate courses across India. IBM AMOS was used to find reliability and validity of instruments and PROCESS macro for IBM SPSS by Preacher and Hayes (Behav Res Methods 36(4): 717 –731,2004) was used for conducting mediation analyses. Both spiritual and existential well-being were found negatively related wit...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 29, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Role of Religious Socialization and Religiosity in African American and Caribbean Black Adolescents ’ Sexual Initiation
This study determined the nature of the associations between religious socialization, religiosity, and adolescent sexual initiation. Data originated from the National Survey of American Life-Adolescent (n = 1170), a nationally representative study of black adolescents. Factor analysis, structural equation modeling, and logistic regression were used to evaluate hypotheses. Results indicated that as black adolescents received more messages about religious beliefs and practices, their religiosity w as greater and, in turn, they were less likely to report sexual initiation; findings varied by ethnicity, gender, a...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 29, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research