Rehabilitation and Re-socialization of Criminals in Iranian Criminal Law
AbstractOne of the concerns that always remain for the repentant criminal is the condition for his return to society. This concern may be so strong and effective that the criminal may seclude from the society due to the fear of its consequences and may return to crime. Therefore, paying attention to eliminating the social effect of the criminal conviction of criminals can return security to society and return the repentant criminals to normal life. So, all military and social institutions are effective in the re-socialization, in such a way that the re-socialization of criminals requires the provision of social platforms t...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 8, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Growing down
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 8, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Black Male Mental Health and the Black Church: Advancing a Collaborative Partnership and Research Agenda
This article explores the role the Black Church could play in facilitating spiritually sensitive, culturally relevant and gender-specific services to address the mental health and well-being of Black males. The help-seeking behaviors of Black men are examined as the authors offer two theories: the body, mind, spirit, environment, social, transcendent, and health, illness, men, and masculinities that may assist the Black Church in functioning as an effective support networks for healthy Black male mental health. Next, the authors discuss implications for practice, research, and education, and lastly, eight recommendations f...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 7, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Islamic Considerations on the Application of Patient ’s Autonomy in End-of-Life Decision
AbstractIn end-of-life situation, the need for patient ’s preference comes into the picture with the intention of guiding physicians in the direction of patient care. Preference in medical directive is made by a person with full mental capacity outlining what actions should be taken for his health should he loses his competency. This is based on the r eality of universal paradigm in medical practice that emphasises patient’s autonomy. A specific directive is produced according to a patient’s wish that might include some ethically and religiously controversial directives such as mercy killing, physician-as...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 7, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Applying Attention Restoration Theory to Understand and Address Clergy ’s Need to Restore Cognitive Capacity
AbstractAttention Restoration Theory is applied to explore the causes and consequences of mental fatigue in clergy and suggest practical interventions to restore cognitive wellbeing. Previous research has investigated the physical and emotional health and wellbeing of clergy, but has largely neglected clergy cognitive wellbeing. Due to the demanding nature of their work, clergy are particularly susceptible to mental fatigue and depletion of their capacity to maintain attention. Symptoms include inability to focus attention, inhibit distractions, make decisions or solve problems. Mental fatigue can be overcome, and cognitiv...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 6, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Church-Based Social Support ’s Impact on African-Americans’ Physical Activity and Diet Varies by Support Type and Source
The objective of this study was to examine sources (friends, family, church members, and pastors) and type (positive or negative) of social support and their association with eating and physical activity behaviors. Study participants consisted of 41 African-American adults (78% female), with an average age of 43.5  years (standard deviation = 15.7). Participants were recruited from churches in southwest, Ohio. Mean comparisons showed family members, and friends had the highest positive and negative social support scores for healthy eating and physical activity. Pastors and church members received the lowes t...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 6, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Humility, Relational Spirituality, and Well-being among Religious Leaders: A Moderated Mediation Model
AbstractPrior research has demonstrated positive associations between general humility and well-being, and posited a protective effect for intellectual humility against maladjustment among religious leaders. We tested a model that extended findings on general humility to include intellectual humility among religious leaders (N = 258;M age  = 42.31; 43% female; 63.7% White; 91.9% Christian affiliation). We observed a positive general humility–well-being association. Contrary to expectations, we observed risk effects for religion-specific intellectual humility. Our findings also point to the possibi...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 6, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

A Systematic Comparison of African American and Non-African American Patients on Psychosocial Aspects of Hepatitis C Infection
This study’s findings are a basis for encouragement of public health efforts and programs to seek partnerships with African American faith and religious communities to identify and tre at undiagnosed cases of HCV and promote HCV awareness. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 6, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Editor ’s Note: Special Issue on the Life and Work of Donald Capps (1939–2015)
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 2, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Special Issue on the Life and Work of Donald Capps (1939 –2015)
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 1, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Investigating the Relationship Between Religiosity and Psychological Distress Among Surgical Inpatients: A Pilot Study
AbstractPsychological distress may hinder recovery following surgery. Studies examining the relationship between psychological distress and religiosity in the acute post-operative setting are lacking. The present study investigated this relationship, evaluated protocol design, and explored coping mechanisms. Psychological distress of surgical inpatients was assessed using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and Rotterdam Symptom Checklist (RSCL). Religiosity was assessed using the Santa Clara Strength of Religious Faith Questionnaire. Correlations were obtained using Minitab software. Qualitative analysis iden...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 10, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Including the ‘Spiritual’ Within Mental Health Care in the UK, from the Experiences of People with Mental Health Problems
AbstractSpirituality as a dimension of quality of life and well-being has recently begun to be more valued within person-centred treatment approaches to mental health in the UK. The aim of this paper is to provide indicators of the extent to which accessing a spiritual support group may be useful within mental health recovery from the view point of those in receipt of it. The study design was a small-scale exploratory study utilising mixed methods. Quantitative methods were used to map the mental health, general well-being and social networks of the group. These were complimented by a semi-structured open-ended interview w...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 10, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Moral Injury Symptom Scale-Military Version
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to develop a multi-dimensional measure of moral injury symptoms that can be used as a primary outcome measure in intervention studies that target moral injury (MI) in Veterans and Active Duty Military with PTSD. This was a multi-center study of 427 Veterans and Active Duty Military with PTSD symptoms recruited from VA Medical Centers in Augusta, Los Angeles, Durham, Houston, and San Antonio, and from Liberty University in Lynchburg. Internal reliability of the Moral Injury Symptom Scale-Military Version (MISS-M) was examined along with factor analytic, discriminant, and convergent vali...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 10, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Senile Dementia from Neuroscientific and Islamic Perspectives
AbstractDiseases involving the nervous system drastically change lives of victims and commonly increase dependency on others. This paper focuses onsenile dementia from both the neuroscientific and Islamic perspectives, with special emphasis on the integration of ideas between the two different disciplines. This would enable effective implementation of strategies to address issues involving this disease across different cultures, especially among the world-wide Muslim communities. In addition, certain incongruence ideas on similar issues can be understood better. The former perspective is molded according to conventional mo...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 10, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Role of Spiritual Sentiments in Improving the Compliance of Water Intake in Patients with Urolithiasis
AbstractThe aim of this study was to compare the compliance for water intake and rate of recurrence between spiritually motivated and non-motivated patients of renal tract stone disease. It is a multi centric prospective cohort study, conducted in Department of Urology, Institute of Kidney Diseases and Peshawar Medical College, from January 10, 2009 to December 2012. A total of 180 patients with comparable demographic, IQ, EQ and BMI after achieving complete stone clearance were divided into two equal groups. Both groups were instructed to increase the water intake timetable according to AUA guidelines. Group ‘A&rsqu...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 10, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Nursing Students ’ Perceptions of Spirituality and Spiritual Care; An Example of Turkey
AbstractThis descriptive survey study aimed to explore how nursing students perceive spirituality/spiritual care and investigate the variables acting on their perception. Data were collected using the Spirituality and Spiritual Care Rating Scale with 500 students from the Faculty of Nursing. The students ’ median score regarding their perception of spirituality and spiritual care indicates a “conceptual confusion” related with these concepts. Female students have higher scale scores than male students (z = 2.19,p 
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 10, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Association of Religious Affiliation with Overweight/Obesity Among South Asians: The Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America (MASALA) Study
We examined associations between religious affiliation and overweight/obesity after controlling for age, sex, years lived in the USA, marital status, education, insurance status, health status, and smoking. We determined whether traditional cultural beliefs, physical activity, and dietary pattern mediated this association. The mean BMI was 26 kg/m2. Religious affiliation was associated with overweight/obesity for Hindus (OR 2.12; 95  % CI: 1.16, 3.89), Sikhs (OR 4.23; 95 % CI: 1.72, 10.38), and Muslims (OR 2.79; 95 % CI: 1.14, 6.80) compared with no religious affiliation. Traditional cultural beliefs (7...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 10, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Relationship of Anxiety and Depression to Subjective Well-Being in a Mainland Chinese Sample
AbstractThis pilot study examines anxiety, depression, and well-being in a mainland Chinese sample and discusses the implications for mental health care. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy —Spiritual Well-being, and the Body Mind Spirit Well-Being Inventory were administered to 60 mainland China residents. Correlational analyses revealed significant relationships among depression, anxiety, and every domain of well-being except the faith domain. Levels of depression and anxiety are i nversely related to levels of well-being in a mainland Chinese sample. Chinese ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 10, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Exploring Religiosity, Self-Esteem, Stress, and Depression Among Students of a Cypriot University
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between Religiosity, Self-esteem, Stress, and Depression among nursing students, social work students, and early-education students of a Cypriot University. The data were collected using four questionnaires. The results indicate a significant positive association between Depression and Stress. Greater levels of Self-esteem were found to be associated with lower depression levels in correlation analysis, while strength of Religious and Spiritual Beliefs was correlated negatively with depression. The results of the current study highlight the need for early in...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 10, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Mantras Help the General Psychological Well-Being of College Students: A Pilot Study
AbstractThe mind receives deep effect of harmonizing from incantatory spiritual verse known as “mantra.” This ancient Indian spiritual science of sound vibrations had been used to help the mind, body and life. Students in top-ranking colleges often feel pressurized and complain of depression. Mantras could help ease their stress. This work attempts to study the impact of mantra on the psy chological well-being of college students. Volunteers selected and listened to the mantra of their choice in the test period. Psychological tests were conducted before and after the test period. Data collected were analyzed by...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 10, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Altruism and Religion: A New Paradigm for Organ Donation
AbstractActivity of NGO ’s supporting living donor kidney donations can affect the shortage of kidneys. Matnat Chaim is a Jewish orthodox organization active in Israel since 2009. This is a voluntary organization with aims to shorten and eliminate the waiting list for kidneys. Since the beginning of its activity, it has said to play a key role in 379 kidney transplantations. In 2015, out of 174 live donor kidney transplantations that took place in Israel, Matnat Chaim had a key role in 88 of them (50.6%). We found some ethical issues concerning the organization's activity. The donor can restrict his or her donat...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 10, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Patient Appreciation of Student Chaplain Visits During Their Hospitalization
In this study, we surveyed 93 patients hospitalized on general medical units at a tertiary care center who were visited by nine student chaplain summer interns. The results indicated that the majority of patients appreciated student chaplain visits and these encounters may have positively influenced their overall hospital experience. Thus, student chaplains could be a way to extend valuable spiritual care in settings where chaplaincy staff shortages preclude access. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 10, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Ashtanga Yoga Hindi Scale: An Assessment Tool Based on Eastern Philosophy of Yoga
Abstract The study imports the concept ofAshtanga Yoga from the eastern philosophy of Yoga. There is a major disconnect between theory and data in Indian Psychology. Indian Psychology provides a rich theoretical base for understanding optimal human functioning. However, the theories have not been tested due to paucity of tools. A test developed onAshtanga Yoga is reported. Data were collected in two phases from 550 participants. The data were analyzed using exploratory factor analysis. Seven factors were extracted as the theory indicates. Overall reliability of the scale was found to be excellent (α = 0.8...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 10, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Attitudinal Determinants of Turkish Diabetic Patients and Physicians About Ramadan Fasting
AbstractThe aim of the study was to investigate whether fasting diabetic patients received recommendations regarding fasting or they consulted the physicians before and during Ramadan along with the affect of sociodemographic factors on Ramadan fasting. The study was conducted on 190 diabetic patients after 2014 Ramadan Month. A questionnaire was collected regarding sociodemographic characteristics, diabetes-related characteristics, recommendations of physicians, and behavioral patterns of fasting patients. Overall 41.6% of diabetic patients fasted during Ramadan. 83.5% of them did not go to physician during Ramadan, 65.8%...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 10, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Exploring the Relationship Between Spiritual Well-Being and Death Anxiety in Survivors of Acute Myocardial Infarction: Moderating Role of Sex, Marital Status and Social Support
AbstractPrevious empirical studies have shown that both spiritual well-being (SWB) and death anxiety (DA) significantly affect the mental health of patients with acute diseases. In this regard, our paper contributes to the extant literature by scrutinizing the conditional relationship between SWB and DA as well as the various mechanisms underpinning such a relationship in patients with acute myocardial infraction (AMI). A descriptive, correlational methodology was utilized. Our main sample consisted of 300 patients with acute myocardial infraction who were hospitalized in a specialized medical institution in Iran throughou...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 9, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Intrinsic Religiosity and Health Risk Behaviours Among Black University Students in Limpopo, South Africa
AbstractNot much is known about religiosity ’s protective role against health risk behaviour in the South African context. As such, the study investigated the relationship between intrinsic religiosity and health risk behaviours in a sample of Black university students (N = 335). Two-way ANOVA showed that there were intrinsic religiosity main effects for alcohol use and sexual behaviour, gender and intrinsic religiosity main effects on tobacco and marijuana use, and gender main effects and gender and intrinsic religiosity interaction effects for engagement in phys ical activity. Thus, religiosity is an inne...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 9, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

A Nationwide Panel Study on Religious Involvement and Depression in South Africa: Evidence from the South African National Income Dynamics Study
AbstractPanel data from the South African National Income Dynamics Study, a nationally representative sample of households (years 2008, 2010 and 2012), were used to examine the longitudinal association between religious involvement and depression risk. Approximately 89.6 –91.8% identified themselves as religiously affiliated, while 88.0–90.3% perceived religion to be important in South Africa during the observed study periods. A short-term association between religious involvement and significant depressive symptomatology was not detected, but logistic regressio n models that accounted for the clustering of rep...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 5, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Understanding the Association Between Spirituality, Religiosity, and Feelings of Happiness and Sadness Among HIV-Positive Indian Adults: Examining Stress-Related Growth as a Mediator
This study examined the role of stress-related growth as a mediator of the associations between spirituality, religiosity, and feelings of happiness and sadness in a sample of 178 HIV-positive Indian adults. Results indicated that spirituality, but not religiosity, was associated with feelings of happiness and sadness. Subsequent mediation analyses indicated that stress-related growth fully mediated the relationships involving spirituality and feelings of happiness and sadness. Overall, our findings point to the importance of facilitating greater spiritual development among HIV-positive Indians, as well as promoting strate...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 4, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Is Minority Stress in the Eye of the Beholder? A Test of Minority Stress Theory with Christians
AbstractStudies using minority stress theory have focused on the experiences of numerical and social power minorities, though majority individuals may also perceive themselves to be minorities. We explored minority stress theory among a sample of members of a numerically and socially dominant group: Christians in the USA. Perceiving oneself to be a member of a minority as a Christian was associated with stress indirectly via perceived experiences of faith-based discrimination (i.e., harassment due to being Christian). Being more open about one ’s religion moderated the relationship between experiences of faith-based ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 4, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spiritual Health and Outcomes in Muslim ICU Patients: A Nationwide Cross-Sectional Study
AbstractThe aim of the present study is to describe how religiosity and spirituality affect the psychiatric morbidity of Muslim intensive care unit (ICU) patients. We conducted a prospective nationwide cross-sectional study  of ICU patients discharged from 45 medical centers spanning 31 proivinces in Iran. Adults (age ≥ 18 years) admitted to the ICU and treated with invasive mechanical ventilation were eligible. Nine validated survey tools were administered to detect direct and indirect associations between spir itual health (SH) and depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic disorder. The Hospital...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 3, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religiosity and Telomere Length in Colorectal Cancer Patients in Saudi Arabia
AbstractNumerous studies have reported a significant relationship between psychological stress, depression, and telomere length (TL), an indicator of cellular lifespan. Religious involvement, which is associated with lower levels of stress and depression, has also recently been related to TL. To our knowledge, this relationship has not yet been examined in Muslims, colorectal cancer patients, cancer patients more generally, or any population outside the USA. A convenience sample of 50 colorectal patients was recruited from hospital-based oncology clinics in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Religious involvement was assessed with the ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 3, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Investigation into Complementary and Integrative Health Approaches for Turkish Patients with Gastrointestinal Cancer
AbstractThe study was conducted to determine the levels of usage of complementary and integrative health (CIH) approaches and the symptoms experienced by Turkish patients with gastrointestinal cancer. A descriptive study was conducted on 81 patients with gastrointestinal cancer attending the medical oncology department of an oncology hospital. In the data collection stage, the patient description form that prepared by the researchers and the “Edmonton Symptom Assessment Scale” were used. Data were evaluated via Chi-square and studentt test. It was determined that 55.6% of the patients with gastrointestinal canc...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 3, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Bibliometric and Scientometric Analysis of the Articles Published in the Journal of Religion and Health Between 1975 and 2016
In this study, we aimed to perform bibliometric and scientometric analysis of the documents published in the Journal of Religion and Health, which is one of the most significant and productive journals in spirituality, religion and health field, during the period of 1975 to 2016. We used Thomson Reuters Web of Science database for the publication analyses. A total of 2683 papers were found and most of them were original articles (1655, 62.1%) followed by book reviews (780, 29.3%) and editorial materials (169, 6.3%). We found that the USA was the most productive country with 1665 papers and 62.45% of total literature follow...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 3, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religious Commitment and Well-Being in College Students: Examining Conditional Indirect Effects of Meaning in Life
This study suggests that religious commitment influences a person’s sense of meaning in life, which, in turn, influences her/his well-being. And, we hope that these results encourage professionals to explore with their clients the fundamental qu estions of meaning and purpose in life. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 29, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

A Contemporary Paradigm: Integrating Spirituality in Advance Care Planning
This article explores the history leading up and past approaches to advance care planning and then suggests the use of a theoretical model and a body of work concerning spiritual care as a new tack in the ongoing development of advance care planning. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 29, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spiritual Well-Being and Its Relationship with Mindfulness, Self-Compassion and Satisfaction with Life in Baccalaureate Nursing Students: A Correlation Study
AbstractThe present study aimed to explore the correlates and predictors of spiritual well-being among nursing students. One hundred and forty-five BSc nursing students were recruited from three nursing colleges in Bangalore, Karnataka, India. Data were collected using SHALOM, FMI, SCS-SF and SWLS questionnaires and analysed by the Pearson correlation test and multiple regression analysis. The results of our study revealed a significant correlation between variables, and a considerable amount of variance was explained by self-compassion, mindfulness and satisfaction with life on personal, communal, environmental and transc...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 6, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Re-membrance
AbstractTraced sufficiently remotely, all people,profanum vulgus, share a common familial and linguistic heritage. Several Occidental and Oriental religiophilosophical traditions and General Systems (neuro-linguistic/neuro-semantic) Theory propound that resolution of personal illness and intra- and inter-generational psychological conflicts among individuals and within society mandates a figurative, if not a literal return, to the source of conflict or contention —toRE-MEMBER with that source —if healing, peace, resolution, concord, solace, sustenance, and wholeness are to be achieved. Words that communicate ef...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 23, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Sound Heart: Spiritual Nursing Care Model from Religious Viewpoint
AbstractDifferent methods of epistemology create different philosophical views. None of the nursing theories have employed the revelational epistemology and the philosophical views of Abrahamic religions. According to Abrahamic religions, the universe and human being have been created based on God ’s affection. Human being should deserve the position of God’s representative on earth after achieving all ethical merits. Humans have willpower to shape their destiny by choosing manner of their relationship with God, people, themselves and the whole universe. They can adopt the right behavior by giving a divine colo...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 23, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Distinguishing Between Self-Classified Religious and Spiritual Groups of Emerging Adult Males: Conceptual and Psychometric Challenges
This study sought to determine whether measures of religion and spirituality could discriminate between emerging adult males who self-identified as both religious and spiritual (B), religious only (R), spiritual only (S), or neither (N). Two religion measures and three spirituality measures were employed to assess the constructs. It was predicted that those who self-identify as religious only would score significantly higher on the religion measures than those who identified as spiritual only, and those that identified as spiritual only would score significantly higher on the spirituality measures than those who identified...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 23, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Effectiveness of Spiritual Components Training on Life Satisfaction of Persian Orphan Adolescents
This study was performed with the purpose of determining the effectiveness of spiritual components training on life satisfaction of Persian orphan adolescents. The study population was from female adolescents of two orphanages located in Kerman, Iran. They were randomly divided into two experimental and two control groups (each group including ten members). The experimental groups were received the spiritual training in ten sessions (spiritual training included components such as image of God, relationship with God, Tawwakul, searching for meaning during difficulties and pain), whereas the control groups were in the waitin...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 23, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spiritual Experiences of Muslim Critical Care Nurses
In this study, we examined spiritual experiences, using McSherry et al. (Int J Nurs Stud 39:723 –734,2002) Spirituality and spiritual care rating scale (SSCRS), among 145 ICNs. 44.8% of the nurses stated that they received spiritual care training and 64.1% provided spiritual care to their patients. ICNs had a total score average of 57.62  ± 12.00 in SSCRS. As a consequence, it was determined that intensive care nurses participating in the study had insufficient knowledge about spirituality and spiritual care, but only the nurses with sufficient knowledge provided the spiritual care to their patients....
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 23, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spirituality and Religion Within the Culture of Medicine: From Evidence to Practice
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 23, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Masturbation: Scientific Evidence and Islam ’s View
In this study, I assess the results of scientific studies about this sexual behavior and also shed some light on the Islam ’s view about it. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 23, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Therapeutic Effects of Islamic Intercessory Prayer on Warts
AbstractThe present study aimed to examine the therapeutic effects of Islamic intercessory prayer on warts. Forty-five participants who are mostly Muslims and infected with warts were randomized into three groups: Group-1 (uncertain, with intercessory prayer), Group-2 (uncertain, no intercessory prayer), and control group (informed, no intervention). Stress symptoms were also measured before and after prayer sessions for these three groups. The results revealed that there were no significant differences between the groups in terms of healing. Although participants believed in the therapeutic effects of prayer, when partici...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 23, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Islamic Religious Leaders in Israel as Social Agents for Change on Health-Related Issues
This study aims to examine the role and effectiveness of Arab Muslim religious leaders, in Israel, as social agents for change on health-related issues, focusing on reduction in infant mortality, prematurity, and congenital malformations attributed to consanguineous marriage. A self-administrated questionnaire was distributed to 127 IRLs, in 2012, to gain insights into practice, attitudes, and perceptions of IRLs toward their role as social agents for change on health-related issues. The results indicate that two-thirds (58%) of the surveyed IRLs have provided frequent advice on issues related to preventing infant mortalit...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 23, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Integrating Spiritual Care into Palliative Consultation: A Case Study in Expanded Practice
In this study, we aim to describe the role of a PC chaplain embedded within the interdisciplinary PC team and demonstrate how this palliative chaplain role differs from that of a traditional hospital chaplain. We postulate that integrating spiritual care provision into a PC team may offer a broader spiritual care experience for patients receiving PC and begin to delineate expanded clinical roles for the palliative chaplain. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 23, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Mindfulness in Salah Prayer and its Association with Mental Health
AbstractPlethora of researches has been carried out for the last many decades and has identified relationship between mental health and religious convictions; in particular, range of religious practices has been found instrumental in the promotion of mental health. The aim of this paper is to find out association between mindfulness in Salah (prayer) and mental health of individuals who identify themselves with Islam and to examine the mental health of those Muslims who offer Salah prayer with mindfulness and those who offer without mindfulness. A total of 174 participants with mean age of 21.57 including 62% males and fem...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 23, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Structural Model of Spirituality and Psychological Well-Being for Pregnancy-Specific Stress
AbstractWomen experience different types of stress in their lifetime. The present study was conducted to examine the structural model of spirituality and psychological well-being for pregnancy-specific stress. The present descriptive correlational study was conducted on 450 pregnant Iranian women (150 women from each trimester) in Dehdasht city in 2015. Data were collected using the personal –social questionnaire, the pregnancy-specific stress questionnaire, the spirituality questionnaire and the psychological well-being questionnaire and were then analyzed in SPSS-16 and Lisrel-8.8 for carrying out a path analysis. ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 23, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religion, Spirituality and Folk Medicine/Superstition in a Neonatal Unit
AbstractBeliefs and practices surrounding religion and spirituality (RS) feature in neonatal units, although healthcare professionals and families hold different views on their role in neonatal care. Descriptive study performed at the Neonatology Unit of Santa Luc ía University Hospital, Cartagena. Separate forms concerning spirituality, religion and folk medicine were administered to professionals ascribed to the unit (n = 70) and parents (n = 93). 70% of professionals and 60.2% of parents perceive RS as playing a relevant role in neonatal care; however, 45% of professionals prefer that parents ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 23, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Relationship between Religious Coping and Self-Care Behaviors in Iranian Medical Students
This study used a cross-sectional design of 335 randomly selected students from Mazandaran Universi ty of Medical Sciences, Iran. A data collection tool comprised of the standard questionnaire of religious coping methods and questionnaire of self-care behaviors assessment was utilized. Data were analyzed using a two-samplet test assuming equal variances. Adjusted linear regression was used to evaluate the independent association of religious copings with self-care. Adjusted linear regression model indicated an independent significant association between positive (b = 4.616, 95% CI 4.234–4.999) and negative ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 23, 2017 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research