The Influence of Religion and Spirituality on HIV Prevention Among Black and Latino Men Who Have Sex with Men, New York City
AbstractThe influence of religion and spirituality (R/S) on HIV prevention has been understudied, especially for Black and/or Latino men who have sex with men (BLMSM), who bear a disproportionate burden of HIV, and who are part of racial/ethnic communities with high engagement in R/S. The specific aim of this study was to explore perspectives about R/S among BLMSM to inform HIV prevention strategies and reduce HIV-related health disparities. Data from 105 qualitative interviews with BLMSM were analyzed; 58 (55%) stated that R/S had no personal influence on HIV prevention. For those reporting any R/S influence, main themes ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 29, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spiritual Transcendence and Psychological Adjustment: The Moderating Role of Personality in Burn Patients
AbstractThe current study examined the moderating role of personality traits (neuroticism and extraversion) on the relationship between spiritual transcendence and positive change, and spiritual transcendence and distress in burn patients. The sample (N = 98) comprised adult burn patients (age = 25–50) admitted to three hospitals in Lahore, Pakistan. They were assessed according to a demographic information sheet, the NEO Personality Inventory (McCrae and Costa in J Personal Soc Psychol 52:81–90,1987), the Spiritual Transcendence Index (Seidlitz et al. in J Sci Study Relig 41:439 –453,...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 29, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Mechanisms Behind Religiosity and Spirituality ’s Effect on Mental Health, Quality of Life and Well-Being
AbstractThis cross-sectional study aims to evaluate the role of meaning, peace, faith and religiosity on mental health, quality of life (QOL) and well-being in 782 adults. We found associations between (a) meaning and peace with less depression and more QOL, (b) peace with less stress and (c) faith and religiousness with more psychological QOL. Meaning and peace were more strongly associated with health outcomes, and those with high levels of intrinsic religiosity but low levels of meaning/peace have worse outcomes than those with low religiousness and high meaning/peace. However, religious participants found great meaning...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 29, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Nursing Practices in Catholic Healthcare: A Case Study of Nurses in a Catholic Private Hospital
AbstractWe aimed to investigate Catholic Identity and Mission communication specifically how nurses were expressing the Catholic healthcare values in practice. A mixed-methods, case study design was used and included non-participant observation, a mid-level manager focus group (n  = 7) and online surveys (n = 144). Document and observational data analysis revealed the organisation’s commitment to visible indication of Catholic values adherence. Focus group analysis revealed two themes, ‘Catholic values in action’ and ‘taking the extra step’. The impact of Catho lic Identity...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 29, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Sociodemographic Factors Associated with Types of Projects Implemented by Volunteer Lay Health Educators in Their Congregations
This study focused on the association between type of community health interventions and lay health educator variables. Lay health educators are volunteers from local faith communities who complete a healthcare training program, taught by physicians in-training. Lay health educators are instructed to implement health-related initiatives in their respective communities after graduation. Of the 72 graduates since 2011, we surveyed 55 lay health educators to gain insight into their involvement with their congregation and the type of health projects they have implemented. We dichotomized the health projects into “raising...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 29, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Influence of Religious and Spiritual Elements on Adherence to Pharmacological Treatment
The objective of this study is to know the influence of religious/spiritual elements on the adherence to pharmacological therapy. The descriptors used for this literature review were “medicine, medication, drug, or treatment,” “adherence to treatment,” and “religion or spirituality or faith or prayer” in different databases (CINAHL, PsycINFO, PubMed). Finally, 23 articles were selected. Articles available in full text, published between 2010 and 2017, in English or S panish were included. The results showed that some studies relate positively the R/S and therapeutic adherence, but others...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 29, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Near-Death Experiences in a Multi-religious Hospital Population in Sri Lanka
AbstractNear-death experiences (NDEs) are a wide range of experiences that occur in association with impending death. There are no published studies on NDEs in general hospital populations, and studies have been mainly conducted on critically ill patients. We assessed the prevalence of NDEs and its associations in a multi-religious population in a general hospital in Sri Lanka. A randomised sample of patients admitted to the Colombo North Teaching Hospital was assessed using the Greyson NDE scale and clinical assessment. Out of total 826 participants, NDEs were described by 3%. Compared to the NDE-negative participants, th...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 29, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Health and Religions: A Bibliometric Analysis of Health Literature Related to Abrahamic Religions Between 1975 and 2017
In this study, we aimed to perform bibliometric analysis of the health literature related to the most populous Abrahamic religions during the period of 1975 –2017 by using Web of Science database including WoS Collection Core Collection, Korean Journal Database, Russian Science Citation Index and SciELO Citation Index. In overall evaluation, the USA ranked first in publication productivity with 1388 items and covered 37.21% of total literature. The Jo urnal of Religion and Health published the highest number of documents (n  =  351). We found a total of 1329 items in health and Christianity field, and t...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 29, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Roles of Religious Commitment, Emotion Regulation and Social Support in Preoperative Anxiety
This study investigated the roles of religious commitment, emotion regulation (cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression) and social support in preoperative anxiety in a sample of 210 surgical inpatients from a Nigerian tertiary healthcare institution. A cross-sectional design was adopted. Before the surgery, respondents completed the state anxiety subscale of State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Religious Commitment Inventory, Emotion Regulation Questionnaire and Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support. After controlling for relevant demographic factors, regression results showed that cognitive reappraisal, so...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 25, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Investigation of the Fear of 7 –18-Year-Old Hospitalized Children for Illness and Hospital
This study was performed descriptively in order to examine the fears of hospitalized children for illness and hospital. The study was descriptive and sectional and performed in Karabük University (Turkey) Training and Research Hospital between February 1 and May 1, 2015. Sample of the study was composed of 144 children who were hospitalized due to an acute illness and their parents who approved to participate in the study. Participant information form and an information form that was prepared to evaluate the fears of children for illness and hospital were u sed as data collection tools. Data were collected by face-to-...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 22, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Investigating Socioeconomic Disparities in the Potential Healthy Eating and Physical Activity Environments of Churches
This study examines the number of potential indoor and outdoor physical activity opportunities, healthy eating opportunities, healthy living media, and total environmental resources present in churches (n = 54) in a rural, southeastern US county and the relationship between these resources and neighborhood income. In our sample, most churches offered potential indoor and outdoor opportunities for physical activity and healthy eating opportunities, with more variability in the number of healthy l iving media items on display compared to other environmental components. Common potential opportunities present in ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 21, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Cultural and Religious Variation in Attitudes to Young People Consenting to Health Interventions
AbstractThere is a limited amount of empirical data available regarding the cultural and religious variation in perceptions about the age when young people should be regarded as competent to make decisions in health settings. A public survey of 400 adults from diverse religious and ethnic backgrounds was conducted in the UK and Spain. Attitudes were assessed using case vignettes. It was found that high religious practice was associated with recommending a higher age of consent for medical interventions. White British adults were more likely than Spanish adults to agree that younger adolescents should be allowed to consent ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 21, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religiousness/Spirituality, Resilience and Burnout in Employees of a Public Hospital in Brazil
AbstractThe present study aimed to determine the relation between religiousness/spirituality (R/S), resilience and burnout in employees of a public hospital. A total of 57 participants were evaluated, and the R/S Brief Multidimensional Measure, Pesce and collaborators ’ resilience scale and Maslach Burnout Inventory were used. Most employees (91.2%) were females. It was observed that the burnout and resilience variables showed statistically significant differences in relation to R/S dimensions. The results identified an association between R/S, resilience and b urnout, demonstrating that employees who are more religi...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 21, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religious Involvement, Anxiety/Depression, and PTSD Symptoms in US Veterans and Active Duty Military
This study examines the relationship between religiosity and PTSD symptoms, and the mediating effects of anxiety and depression in Veterans and Active Duty Military (V/ADM). This was a cross-sectional multi-site study involving 585 V/ADM recruited from across the USA. Inclusion criteria were having served in a combat theater and PTSD symptoms. Demographics, military characteristics, and social factors were assessed, along with measurement of religiosity, PTSD symptoms, depression, and anxiety. Bivariate and multivariate analyses examined the religiosity –PTSD relationship and the mediating effects of anxiety/depressi...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 17, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Amanah and Muslim Identity: Relationships with Religious and Psychological Adjustment in Malaysia
AbstractAmanah refers to the accountability of Muslims to their community. In Malaysian Muslim university students (N = 209), anAmanah Scale predicted a stronger sense of identity along with more adaptive religious and psychosocial functioning. Multiple regression analyses identified Accountability to Society as especially influential, but Accountability to Allah exhibited at least some problematic implications.Amanah mediated Identity linkages with some measures of religious and psychological adjustment, but also suppressed Identity relationships with greater self-knowledge and lower anxiety. These data conf...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 17, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Midwifery Students ’ Perceptions of Spirituality and Spiritual Care: An Example from Western Turkey
AbstractThis cross-sectional study aimed to explore Turkish midwifery students ’ perceptions of spirituality and spiritual care and to investigate the factors affecting them. Data were collected from 271 students of the Midwifery Department of the High School of Health of a state university in the west of Turkey using the Spirituality and Spiritual Care Rating Scale. A signi ficant difference was found between belief in the need for spiritual care and the practice of spiritual care during midwifery training and the total score on the Spirituality and Spiritual Care Rating Scale, but no significant difference was foun...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 10, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

A Qualitative Examination of VA Chaplains ’ Understandings and Interventions Related to Moral Injury in Military Veterans
This study examines VA chaplains ’ understandings of moral injury (MI) and preferred intervention strategies. Drawing qualitative responses with a nationally-representative sample, content analyses indicated that chaplains’ definitions of MI comprised three higher order clusters: (1) MI events, (2) mechanisms in development of MI, and (3) warning signs of MI. Similarly, chaplains’ intervention foci could be grouped into three categories: (1) pastoral/therapeutic presence, (2) implementing specific interventions, and (3) therapeutic processes to promote moral repair. Findings are discussed related to emerg...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 9, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Perceived Discrimination and Major Depression and Generalized Anxiety Symptoms: In Muslim American College Students
AbstractPrior research has found that Muslim Americans ’ discrimination experiences are associated with increased risk of mental health problems. However, few studies have included Muslim American college students or identified moderators of this relationship. Among a sample of Muslim American college students (N = 141), the current study found that perceived discrimination was positively associated with MD and GAD symptom severity. Having a strong Muslim American identity exacerbated the relationship between perceived discrimination and GAD symptoms. The findings support practices to reduce discriminat...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 9, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Psychiatry, Cultural Competency, and the Care of Ultra-Orthodox Jews: Achieving Secular and Theocentric Convergence Through Introspection
AbstractSeveral socio-cultural factors complicate mental health care in the ultra-Orthodox Jewish population. These include societal stigma, fear of the influence of secular ideas, the need for rabbinic approval of the method and provider, and the notion that excessive concern with the self is counter-productive to religious growth. Little is known about how the religious beliefs of this population might be employed in therapeutic contexts. One potential point of convergence is the Jewish philosophical tradition of introspection as a means toward personal, interpersonal, and spiritual growth. We reviewed Jewish religious-p...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 4, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

American Muslim Physician Attitudes Toward Organ Donation
AbstractReligious beliefs and values impact Muslim patients' attitudes toward a variety of healthcare decisions, including organ donation. Muslim physician attitudes toward organ donation, however, are less well studied. Utilizing a national survey of physician members of the Islamic Medical Association of North America, relationships between religiosity, patterns of bioethics resource utilization, and sociodemographic characteristics with attitudes toward organ donation were assessed. Of 255 respondents, 251 answered the target question, “in your understanding, does Islamic bioethics and law permit organ donation?.&...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 3, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

A Hermeneutic Phenomenological Study of the Lived Experience of Spiritual Conversion in a Neo-Charismatic Evangelical Context
AbstractHermeneutic phenomenology was used to illuminate the lived experience of posttraumatic, born-again conversion among members of a Neo-Charismatic Evangelical church (n = 11). Data were analyzed using a six-step process that yielded six core constituents: (1) Catalysts for transformation; (2) Courses of spiritual conversion; (3) Relationship with God; (4) Receiving the love of God; (5) Transformed by the love of God; (6) Changes in relationships. The essence o f the phenomenon was confident knowing. Methodological rigor was maximized via maintenance of an audit trail and memo-writing. Findings highlight...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 3, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Determination of the Personal Values of the University Students in Different Departments
AbstractThis research aims to examine the personal values of the first-year university students studying in different departments. This is a descriptive cross-sectional survey study. Research population is composed of first-grade students approving to participate and studying in the Nursing Department in the School of Health, Biology Department in the Faculty of Science and Letters and the Department of Early Childhood Education in the Faculty of Education of Uluda ğ University. “Student Information Form” and “Schwartz Values Inventory” were used for data collection. When the values inventory is ex...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - August 2, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religion and Life Satisfaction: A Correlational Study of Undergraduate Students in Trinidad
AbstractReligious behaviour tends to correlate positively with life satisfaction. The predictive power of this relationship is associated with various socio-demographic factors such as age, gender and religious affiliation. We investigated the relationship between religious involvement and life satisfaction in a multi-religious population of undergraduate medical students of the University of the West Indies. We used a cross-sectional design to assess 228 undergraduates (50 males and 178 females) on religiosity, religious well-being and life satisfaction using the Religious Orientation Test, Religious Well-Being subscale a...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 29, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spiritual Well-Being and Psychological Adjustment: Mediated by Interpersonal Needs?
This study provides the first examination of the role of thwarted interpersonal needs on the link between spiritual well-being and negative psychological outcomes. Spiritual well-being serves a protective role against feelings of social isolation, which may re duce one’s risk of negative psychological outcomes. Treatments that bolster a sense of spirituality and social connectedness may reduce suicidal ideation, hopelessness, and depressive symptoms. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 29, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Leading God ’s People: Perceptions of Influence Among African–American Pastors
AbstractReligious leaders, particularly African –American pastors, are believed to play a key role in addressing health disparities. Despite the role African–American pastors may play in improving health, there is limited research on pastoral influence. The purpose of this study was to examine African–American pastors’ perceptions of thei r influence in their churches and communities. In-depth interviews were conducted with 30 African–American pastors and analyzed using a grounded theory approach. Three themes emerged: the historical role of the church; influence as contextual, with pastors us...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 29, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Extending Awareness of Catholic Healthcare Ethics Among Junior Clinicians: A Qualitative Study
This study examined junior staff ’s understanding of Catholic ethics. Using a qualitative descriptive design, we recruited 22 medical and nursing staff to interviews/focus groups. Though Catholic ethics seldom informed ethical approaches, the principles were acknowledged as being useful to support development of confident and res pectful care approaches. Findings provide early insights into challenges faced in considering implementation of ethical codes across both secular and religious healthcare organizations, suggesting that a more creative and pastoral approach to dialoguing and implementing Catholic ethics is re...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 29, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Brand ’s PREACH Survey: A Capacity Assessment Tool for P redicting R eadiness to E ngage A frican American C hurches in H ealth
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to develop the Brand ’s PREACH (PredictingReadiness toEngageAfrican AmericanChurches inHealth) Survey, a capacity assessment tool based on the Brand ’s PREACH Model to predict the readiness of African American (AA) churches to engage in health promotion programming (HPP). The survey assessed church infrastructure (physical structure, personnel, funding, and cultural/social support), frequency of HPP and readiness to engage in HPP. The survey w as administered to 108 AA churches in Illinois and North Carolina. The study findings revealed that churches with more infrastructur...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 29, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Building Capacity Among Laity: A Faith-Based Health Ministry Initiative
AbstractA systematic review of topic-specific faith-based health programs determined that health outcomes can be improved though faith-based health interventions. A university research team, in partnership with the Kansas United Methodist Church and a United Methodist philanthropy, facilitated planning and development of a statewide initiative to increase the capacity of laity-led health ministry teams. The purpose of this paper is to describe the processes utilized to design and implement an initiative to increase capacity for laity-led comprehensive health ministry among Kansas United Methodist Church congregations and t...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 29, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Depressive Symptoms and Tobacco Use: Does Religious Orientation Play a Protective Role?
This study utilized a cross-sectional data collection strategy to examine the relationship among depressive symptoms, religious orientation, and tobacco use among undergraduate students (N = 349) at a midsize southeastern university. Participants completed a demographic questionnaire, the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, the Extrinsic/Intrinsic Religious Orientation Scale-Revised and the Drinking and Drug Habits Questionnaire. Analyses using hierarchical linear re gression indicate a significant interaction effect (depressive symptoms × extrinsic religious orientation) on tobacco...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 29, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Revalidation of the Sat - Chit - Ananda Scale
AbstractSat-Chit-Ananda is an indigenous construct that refers to absolute bliss and consciousness. The present study aimed to strengthen the psychometric properties of the newly developedSat-Chit-Ananda scale (Singh et al. in Int J Vedic Found Manag 1(2):54 –74,2014). A total of 398 students aged 17 –36 years (mean age = 21.33 years, SD = 2.2, 70% males) participated in this study. An exploratory as well as confirmatory factor analysis was computed for the 17-item scale. Its’ concurrent validity was established by assessing its correlation with other well-being measures, nam...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 29, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religiosity as a Substance Use Protective Factor Among Female College Students
This study contributes to knowledge about religiosity and college student substance use, and it provides useful information for their mental health and well-being. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 29, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The System of Belief Inventory: A Validation Study in Turkish Cancer Patients
This study was conducted with the purpose of assessing validity and reliability of the System of belief inventory, which was developed to evaluate the System of belief inventory of cancer patients in Turkish society. In the present study, the result of the KMO test was determined to be 0.71, and that of Bartlett ’s test was 988.269; both tests were observed to be significant atp 
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 29, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Coping Mechanisms and Strategies of Hypertension Patients in Ghana: The Role of Religious Faith, Beliefs and Practices
AbstractThis qualitative study explored the role of religious faith, belief and practice systems in the coping mechanisms and strategies of essential hypertension patients in Accra, Ghana. Six participants were recruited for participation, of which five were Christians and one was a Muslim. Interviews were conducted and interpretative phenomenological analysis was used to analyze the data. Results showed that participants used their religious faith, beliefs and practices as coping resources. Participants used a deferring-collaborative style of religious coping, which seemed to have provided them with an avoidance strategy ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 29, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Sources of Care for Alcohol and Other Drug Problems: The Role of the African American Church
AbstractAfrican Americans experience significant disparities in treatment access, retention, and quality of care for alcohol and drug use (AOD) problems. Religious congregations, often the first point of contact for help with AOD problems, can play an integral role in improving access to treatment. However, little is known about the role of African American churches in addressing AOD problems. We administered a survey to a faith-based collaborative of 169 African American churches in Los Angeles to examine how AOD problems are identified in congregations, the types of support provided, barriers to providing treatment refer...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 29, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Correction to: The Impact of Religiosity on Substance Abuse and Obesity in African Americans
AbstractThe original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake in the author names. The co-author names should be David Meetze and Ronald Whicker Jr. instead of David Meetz and Ronald Wicker. The original article has been corrected. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 29, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Erratum to: The Brand ’s PREACH Survey: A Capacity Assessment Tool for P redicting R eadiness to E ngage A frican American C hurches in H ealth
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 29, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Correction to: Religiosity and Health-Related Quality of Life: A Cross-Sectional Study on Filipino Christian Hemodialysis Patients
The authors regret that the following error occurred in the original publication of the article. The corrected text has been presented with this erratum. In the Ethical Consideration section, the first statement, “The hospital’s research ethics committee granted permission to conduct the study” should read “The hospital’s administration granted permission to conduct the study.” (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 29, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religiousness and Diseases in Europe: Findings from SHARE
AbstractRecent research in religiousness and health suggests that epidemiological forces can have opposed effects. Here we examine two forms of religiousness and their association with disease. We performed a cross-sectional study of 23,864 people aged 50+ included in wave 1 (2004 –2005) of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe and a longitudinal study including people from wave 1, who were followed up during 11 years. Results suggested that taking part in a religious organization was associated with lower odds of heart attack (OR 0.74, 95% CI 0.60, 0.90), stroke (OR 0.68, 95% CI 0.50, 0.95), and...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 28, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Putting the Spirit into Culturally Responsive Public Health: Explaining Mass Fainting in Cambodia
AbstractThe study explores the cultural and religious meaning behind episodes of mass fainting sweeping through garment factories in Cambodia. An ethnographic study was conducted at 20 garment factories in Kandal, Preah Sihanouk, Kampong Cham, Kampong Speu, Takeo, and Kampong Chhnang provinces. Informants were 50 women who fainted or possessed and their families, factory and clinic staff, and monks. Informants described their views on the causes of the mass fainting. Based on the informants ’ views, the seeds were sown when factories were built on former Khmer Rouge killing fields, when local guardian spirits were di...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 28, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religiosity and Subjective Well-Being of the Central and Eastern European ’s Elderly Population
AbstractThe paper examines the relation between religiosity and cognitive appraisal of the subjective well-being of the Central and Eastern European ’s elderly population. The first part of the paper is dedicated to examining of the scientific literature. In the second part, the authors explore the data basis corresponding to the 6th wave of World Value Survey. The authors use the heterogeneous correlation and the multi-linear regression analy sis in order to explain the relation between religiosity and subjective well-being of the old aged. Our results suggest that in the case of the Central Eastern European elderly...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 28, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

How the Process of the CSR Activities Works on Private Hospitals and Pharmaceutical Firms: Multiple Case Study from Strategic Perspective
AbstractThe phenomenon of corporate social responsibility “CSR” has stimulated lots of debates and disagreement among the business scholars. One of the most howling sounds comes from strategy and CSR thinkers. Strategic thinkers of this debate believe that CSR is not only an accountability action but also it is countability action. Due to this countabi lity action heavily based on profit, the scholar of strategy field stated that strategic thinking lens should revise the phenomenon of CSR and the result of its activities. To this end in this study, we examine the CSR activities, especially philanthropy activiti...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 23, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Relationship Between Care Burden and Religious Beliefs Among Family Caregivers of Mentally Ill Patients
AbstractFamilies are considered as primary sources of care for individuals suffering from mental disorders. However, one of the major stresses in families is the infliction of a family member with mental illnesses causing dysfunction in health dimensions or generally their quality of life. Currently, most experts believe that religion can affect physical health and other aspects of human life. So, the aim of this study was to investigate “the relationship between care burden and religious beliefs among family caregivers of mentally ill patients.” This cross-sectional study was carried out in Iran on 152 familie...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 23, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Effects of Religion and Locus of Control on Perception of Mental Illness
AbstractThe study investigated the influence of religion and locus of control on perception of mental illness. Specifically, the study explored the relationship between religiosity and perception of mental illness, differences in perception by internals and externals, the effect of knowledge on perception of mental illness and the interactive effect of religiosity and locus of control on perception of mental illness. Data were collected from 200 participants in the Volta Region of Ghana. Three hypotheses were tested in the study using a battery of tests. It was observed that people with internal locus of control perceive m...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 23, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Neuroscience and Brain Death Controversies: The Elephant in the Room
AbstractThe conception and the determination of brain death continue to raise scientific, legal, philosophical, and religious controversies. While both the President ’s Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine and Biomedical and Behavioral Research in 1981 and the President’s Council on Bioethics in 2008 committed to a biological definition of death as the basis for the whole-brain death criteria, contemporary neuroscientific findings augment the concerns about the validity of this biological definition. Neuroscientific evidentiary findings, however, have not yet permeated discussions about brai...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 21, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Attitudes of Nurses in Turkey Toward Care of Dying Individual and the Associated Religious and Cultural Factors
AbstractThe aim of this study was to determine the attitudes of nurses working in two university hospitals located in the west and east of Turkey toward care of dying individual as well as religious and cultural factors that influence their attitudes. The descriptive and comparative study was conducted with a total of 189 nurses who were working in adult inpatient clinics of two university hospitals in western (101 nurses) and eastern (88 nurses) Turkey between July and November 2016. The data were obtained by using the questionnaire and Frommelt Attitudes Toward Care of the Dying Scale. As a result of this study, it was d...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 20, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Editorial
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 19, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The African Indigenous Lens of Understanding Spirituality: Reflection on Key Emerging Concepts from a Reviewed Literature
AbstractIn this paper, we will present a reflection on reviewed literature on African indigenous understanding of spirituality, highlighting the influence of this concept on notions of the self, motivation and well-being. The indigenous understanding of spirituality is central to the understanding of the self as distinct, but positioned within the relational –collective self. This African indigenous perception of the self is grounded within the autonomous experience of the tenets of spirituality, which is explored in this paper through the lens of self-determination theory. The experience of autonomy, which is repres...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 16, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Toward a Framework for Islamic Psychology and Psychotherapy: An Islamic Model of the Soul
AbstractA uniquely Islamic theoretical framework for an Islamic psychology has yet to be established. To do so requires that we understand how human beings are conceptualized within the cosmology that characterizes the Islamic tradition. This paper presents a model of the soul from within an Islamic paradigm, generated through a grounded theory analysis of interviews with 18 key informants with relevant academic or religious expertise. The model elaborates aspects of a mechanism for the development of the soul that constitutes a potential foundation for an Islamic theory of human psychology and has particular relevance for...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 15, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religion, Culture and Meaning-Making Coping: A Study Among Cancer Patients in Malaysia
AbstractThe present study aimed to explore the use of meaning-making coping mechanisms (existential, spiritual and religious coping) among ethnic Malay cancer patients in Malaysia and to investigate the impact of culture on their choice of coping methods. Twenty-nine participants with various kinds of cancer were interviewed. Four kinds of coping resources emerged from analyses of the interview transcripts: (1) relying on transcendent power, (2) supernatural or mystical beliefs, (3) finding oneself in relationships with others and (4) nature. In this article, the two first resources are in focus. The present findings sugge...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 13, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Impact of Hajj on Global Health Security
Abstract With the human society transfers from scattered pieces to a society as a whole and the advent of the aviation era, the occurrence of infectious diseases and their diffusion have led to international health security issues. As the world ’s largest and irrevocable annual transnational religious movement, the Hajj and its connection with health security concerns have caught attention since the ancient times, because a huge population from all over the world gathers in the holy city of Mecca, which has tropical arid climate. Current ly, the international community and international organizations are implementi...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 12, 2018 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research