Editor ’s Introduction for Special Section: Mental Health, The Mind and Consciousness—Tibetan and Western Approaches
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 16, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Breastfeeding as a Fundamental Islamic Human Right
AbstractThe argument inherent in this paper is that the religious beliefs and values system deeply shape Muslims ’ breastfeeding culture and that mapping the religious ideals of Islam is essential given the potential inroads it offers toward enhanced neonatal, prenatal and pediatric practices, as well as the mitigation of malpractice or cultural inhibitors. This paper discusses the Muslim religious, moral an d spiritual understanding of breastfeeding as a basic natural right while exploring the peculiar perspectives of Islamic law and ethics on the matter, in an effort to present a relevant coherent overview. This re...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 15, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Relationship Between Spiritual Health and Pain Self-Efficacy in patients with Chronic Pain: A Cross-Sectional Study in West of Iran
This study was a descriptive cross-sectional study in the group of patients with chronic pain (CP). In this study, the study population was patients with CP in Ilam City and the study sample was 150 patients with CP referring to public and private health centers in Ilam, which had all the criteria for participation in the study . The findings showed mean (SD) of the total score of SH variables was 65.16 (9.88), and PSE was 34.48 (4.08). According to Pearson statistical analysis, there is a significant relationship between SH and PSE (r = 0.442,P = 0.000). Also, the standard beta and non-standard...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 13, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Prayer Moderating Job Stress Among Muslim Nursing Staff at the University of Malaya Medical Centre (UMMC)
This study examines howSalat (prayer) in Islam moderates the relationship between job stress and life satisfaction among Muslim nursing staff. The researchers sampled 335 nursing staff employed at the University of Malaya Medical Centre in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Their ages ranged from 21 to 60  years. The findings indicate the job stress was associated negatively with life satisfaction; there is a strong positive and significant correlation, respectively, betweenSalat and life satisfaction and thatSalat reduces stress and increases the life satisfaction of Muslim nurses. Thus,Salat has a moderating effect on job stre...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 11, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Effect of Hajj Trip on Mental Health: A Longitudinal Study
AbstractHajj is a spiritual journey and religious ritual which is performed every year. Here, we evaluate the psychological effect of the Hajj. Using General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) questionnaire with 28 questions, the mental health of the pilgrims was assessed before and after the journey. A total of 154 people were questioned, 72 pilgrims (47%) were male. The mean GHQ score of participants before the journey was 50.1 and after the journey was 49.5 (P = 0.248). The results of analysis of variance and generalized estimating equation indicated that the GHQ scores had no significant difference before and aft...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 9, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Right to Use Kratom from the Psychiatric and Islamic Perspectives
AbstractThis paper aimed to summarize kratom ’s psychological effects on users and the Islamic views on kratom use. A literature survey of published kratom studies, teachings based on the holy Qur’an, the Sunnah, and views of several Islamic scholars based on qualitative methodology through text analysis was conducted. The results demonstr ated that despite its beneficial therapeutic effects, the harm induced by kratom outweighs its benefits. We concluded that kratom use for medicinal purposes is only warranted if useful constituent mitragynine can be extracted and used on its own, and if more rigorous human st...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 8, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Prayer in Marriage to Improve Wellness: Relationship Quality and Cardiovascular Functioning
This study examined daily partner-focused petitionary prayer (PFPP) on relationship communication and quality as well as novel indices of cardiovascular functioning in a sample of 90 adults. PFPP was compared to waitlist and meditation conditions over a 4-week period. Aortic hemodynamics via pulse wave analysis were assessed before and after the intervention. Factorial repeated measures analyses indicated that for those in the prayer condition, there were significant improvements in coronary perfusion, decreased left ventricular work, and increased coronary blood flow. Additionally, the perceived positive aspects of one &r...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 7, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Effect of Therapeutic Touch on Sleep Quality in Elders Living at Nursing Homes
This study was carried out to investigate the effect of therapeutic touch on sleep quality in the elderly people living in the nursing homes. The study is a randomized controlled experimental study (pretest –posttest control group). The sample of the research consisted of 25 elderly people. As a result of the study, although there was a significant increase (p   0.05). Therapeutic touch is an effective method of improving the sleep quality of the elders living at a nursing home. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 6, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Avicenna ’s Approach to Health: A Reciprocal Interaction Between Medicine and Islamic Philosophy
AbstractThis paper elucidates how Islamic philosophy is associated with health and illness. Avicenna (980 –1037) as the most important physician and philosopher in the Islamic world has undoubtedly affected various fields of thought and science in Islamic civilization. The basis and infrastructure of his understanding of medicine derive from his philosophical and religious views. According to Avicenna , the soul and body are two intertwined substances from which all human beings are composed. This reciprocal interaction between soul and body is essential in analyzing his medical concepts related to “health&rdqu...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 4, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Making Honey
AbstractA third-year medical student reflects on the role of creative meditation in the life of the clinician. Through three patient encounters, he suggests that the “honey-making” of reflection gives therapeutic power to the clinical encounter, for both provider and patient. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 4, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Unwelcoming: The Church Experiences of HIV-Infected Adolescents and Emerging Adults
AbstractAcceptance among family, friends, and within the community is a critical developmental milestone during adolescence. Having a diagnosis of HIV may hinder or impede one ’s ability to develop socially. The purpose of our original study was to describe the role spirituality may play in HIV-infected adolescents and emerging adults. We interviewed 21 Christian-identified males using constructivist grounded theory methodology. The theory of the church not embracing HI V-infected youth was generated. The theme “unwelcoming” describes young people’s attempts to connect with the church. Embracing ado...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 4, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Construct Validity and Dimensionality of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and Its Association with Spiritual Values Within Irish Population
AbstractUntil this research, correlation of Rosenberg ’s (1965) self-esteem scale (RSES), with religious and spiritual values, was never investigated using the measure as a twofold construct instead of the monolithic form. This research paper explores the prediction of RSES by spiritual values using a twofold structure of: self-esteem-positive (SEP) and self-esteem-negative (SEN), to specify individual and fragmented correlations with spirituality, which until now was unobtainable. Confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modelling were applied to analyse the data. The survey was conducted among two-hundr...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 3, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Intercessory Prayer on Spiritual Distress, Spiritual Coping, Anxiety, Depression and Salivary Amylase in Breast Cancer Patients During Radiotherapy: Randomized Clinical Trial
AbstractThe goal of this study was to assess the effect of intercessory prayer in the psychological, spiritual and biological scores of breast cancer patients who are undergoing radiotherapy. Double-blind RCT comprising a sample of 31 participants (15 in the Control Group and 16 in the Intervention Group). Data collection was performed in three time points (T0,T1 andT2). Significant changes have been identified in the intra-group analysis, concerning the decrease in spiritual distress score; negative religious/spiritual coping prevailed, while the total religious/spiritual coping increased between the posttestT2 toT0. Inte...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 3, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Health and Ancient Beliefs: A Scientometric Analysis of Health Literature Related to Shamanism, Paganism and Spirituality
AbstractScientometrics is a popular statistical application providing data revealing publication trends and patterns in a certain academic field. A quite limited number of studies investigating scientometric features of health and religion literature have been reported in academic literature. The present study aims to present a holistic analysis of health literature related to Shamanism, Paganism and Spirituality. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study in this field. All data of this analysis were yielded from Web of Science databases. All documents produced between 1975 and 2017 were included. In Shamanism ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 30, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Working Together with God: Religious Coping, Perceived Discrimination, and Hypertension
This study examined the relationships of perceived discrimination and religious coping with hypertension in a sample of Black and White Seventh-day Adventists. Data come from a community-based sample of 6128 White American, 2253 African American and 927 Caribbean American adults (67% women; mean age  = 62.9 years). Results indicate lifetime unfair treatment was significantly associated with hypertension regardless of race/ethnicity. Positive religious coping was associated with lower odds of hypertension and did not interact with unfair treatment. Both positive and negative religious copin g were indirec...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 24, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Maintaining Harmony: How Religion and Culture are Interwoven in Managing Daily Diabetes Self-Care
AbstractThe lingering culture among Javanese people cannot be separated from religion, influencing how they perceive any factors that might play a role in managing any health condition. This present study aimed in exploring the perceptions and experiences of religion and culture in performing daily self-care among Javanese Muslim with type 2 diabetes. A qualitative study with thematic content analysis method utilizing in-depth semi-structured interviews was undertaken to explore the perceptions and experiences of Javanese Muslim with diabetes managing their daily self-care activity. Convenient samples of 24 participants we...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 22, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Dimensions of Religiosity and PTSD Symptom Clusters in US Veterans and Active Duty Military
We examined multiple dimensions of religiosity and their relationship to the four DSM-5 PTSD symptom clusters among US Veterans and Active Duty Military (ADM), hypothesizing that religiosity would be most strongly inversely related to negative cognitions/emotions (Criterion D symptoms) and less strongly to neurobiologically based symptom clusters (B, C, and E). This cross-sectional multisite study involved 591 Veterans and ADM from across the southern USA. Inclusion criteria were having served in a combat theater and the presence of PTSD symptoms. Measures of religious beliefs/practices, social involvement, and PTSD sympto...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 15, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Effects of Hand Massage and Therapeutic Touch on Comfort and Anxiety Living in a Nursing Home in Turkey: A Randomized Controlled Trial
This study was carried out to investigate the effects of hand massage and therapeutic touch on comfort and anxiety in the elderly living in nursing homes. The study was designed as a randomized controlled, experimental study (with a pre- and posttest control group). The study population comprised 255 older people aged 65 –89 living in a nursing home in Izmir, a province in Turkey. The study sample included 30 older patients, who were assigned to hand massage (HM) (n = 10), therapeutic touch (TT) (n = 10) and control (C) (n = 10) groups. Of the elderly who participated in the ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 13, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Pilgrim Satisfaction in a Mass Religious Gathering: Study from Sabarimala Destination, Kerala State of India
AbstractIdentification of basic factors of pilgrim satisfaction is essential to responsive authorities for effective implementation of devotee welfare programmes. The determinants of satisfaction in a particular location are comprised of environmental, economic and sociocultural activities. The Sabarimala hill temple is one of the major Sastha temples in India. Every year, about 25 million pilgrims visit the temple from all parts of the country and abroad. The present study analyzes devotee satisfaction according to their demographic profile and identifies key factors that affect the overall satisfaction of pilgrims visiti...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 11, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Effect of Religious Belief on the Attitudes of Pregnant ’s Toward the Fetal Health
AbstractThe purpose of this study is to identify the effect of religious beliefs on the attitudes of pregnant women toward the health of the fetus. Pregnancy, one of the important periods of life, is a special period in terms of affecting both the mother ’s and the baby’s health. Health beliefs and attitudes are the factors that have effects on mother–baby death rates (mortality)—which is one of the most important criteria showing health level of societies. However, the literature has limited number of studies on this issue. Volunteer partic ipants who applied to the Gynecology and Obstetrics Polycl...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 10, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Celebrating Sabbath as a Holistic Health Practice: The Transformative Power of a Sanctuary in Time
AbstractSabbath-keeping has several holistic health benefits when done for intrinsic reasons. Most research on Sabbath-keeping is about individuals where Sabbath-keeping is customary. This organic inquiry describes how a Sabbath promoted transformation for ten women where Sabbath-keeping was not the norm. Six themes emerged: Sabbath-keeping enhanced self-awareness, improved self-care, enriched relationships, developed spirituality, positively affected the rest of a Sabbath-keeper ’s week, and Sabbath-keeping practices and philosophies also evolved over time. The author argues that reviving the best parts of Sabbath-k...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 10, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Do Perceptions of Spiritual Care Affect Attitudes Towards Care for Dying Patients in a Group of Turkish Nursing Students?
AbstractThe present study was designed to determine the relation between attitudes to death and perceptions of spiritual care in nursing students. It is a descriptive study and included 290 fourth-year nursing students (intern students). Data were collected with a descriptive characteristics form, Frommelt Attitude Towards Care of the Dying Instrument and Spirituality and Spiritual Care Rating Scale. SPSS version 21 was used for data analysis. There was a significant positive relation between the mean scores for Spirituality and Spiritual Care Rating Scale and Frommelt Attitude Towards Care of the Dying Instrument. It can ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 10, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Effect of Music on the Comfort and Anxiety of Older Adults Living in a Nursing Home in Turkey
AbstractThe study was designed as a randomized controlled experimental study with a pretest/posttest and a control group. The study sample comprised 56 seniors who resided in a nursing home. The study data were collected using the “Mini-Mental State Examination,” “Identification Form,” “General Comfort Questionnaire,” and “Beck Anxiety Inventory.” While the mean scores obtained from the General Comfort Questionnaire by the participants in the experimental group demonstrated significant differences (p   0.05). The mean scores obtained from the Beck Anxiety Invent...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 9, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Happiness, Meaning, and Satisfaction in Life as Perceived by Indian University Students and Their Association with Spirituality
AbstractThe present study aims to examine the association between various dimensions of psychological well-being (subjective happiness, satisfaction, and meaning in life), spirituality, and demographic and socioeconomic background of university students. A total of 414 postgraduate students were selected from three different schools, viz. science, management, and social sciences/humanities of Pondicherry University (A Central University), Puducherry, India, following multistage cluster sampling method. One semi-structured questionnaire and four standardized psychological scales, viz. subjective happiness scale, satisfactio...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 8, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Ritualization as Alternative Approach to the Spiritual Dimension of Palliative Care: A Concept Analysis
This article explores how ritualized practices have the ability to open up space for the spiritual dimension of care in the context of palliative care. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 6, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Rural Residents ’ Depressive Symptoms and Help-Seeking Preferences: Opportunities for Church-Based Intervention Development
This study examines rural residents ’ depressive symptoms, helps seeking preferences and perceptions of a church-based group depression intervention, informing feasibility of adapting evidence-based treatment for delivery in rural churches. A cross-sectional survey was administered to 100 members of 2 churches in a rural Midwestern community; 63 congregants responded. Depression was assessed via the Patient Health Questionnaire-9. Descriptive analyses were performed, and 12.9% of respondents screened positive for depression. Another 25% reported mild symptomatology. Respondents preferred informal help seeking, althou...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 5, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religion and Health in Rural Malawi
AbstractWhile research has found important links between religion and health, there is a gap in knowledge in sub-Saharan Africa. The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between religion and health in rural Malawi. After controlling for baseline health, results show that: (1) the relationship differs between younger (15 –44 years) and older (45 + years) adults; (2) among younger adults, Muslims are relatively less healthy, whereas Muslims are healthier in older age; (3) religious activities have a stronger relationship with health than do other measures, especially for women; and (4...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 5, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Use of Prayer During Life-Threatening Illness: A Connectedness to God, Inner-Self, and Others
AbstractTo explore how prayers were used as expressions of spirituality among community-dwelling African Americans in response to life-threatening illness. Fifty-eight older African American adults residing in the Southeastern US participated in a qualitative descriptive study. Through prayers, participants requested the strength to endure, protection, healing and expressed gratitude. Prayers were expressions of spirituality through dimensions of connectedness: transpersonally to God or the unseen; intrapersonally to one ’s inner-self; and, interpersonally to others. Prayers are an important aspect of spirituality an...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 4, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Effect of Becoming Disabled on the Subjective Well-Being of Religious and Nonreligious People
This study investigates the effect of religion on the SWB of the disabled. We utilized secondary data from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging from 2006 to 2016 with a sample size of 36,484. Starting with nondisabled participants, we applied a difference-in-differences approach to a fixed-effects model and compared the magnitude of the decrease in SWB resulting from disability between religious individuals and their nonreligious counterparts. The empirical results show that following a religion increased SWB by 0.94 (p 
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 4, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religion, Health, and Life Satisfaction: Evidence from Australia
AbstractIn this article, we examine the influence of religion on health and life satisfaction while controlling for an extensive range of demographic characteristics and life conditions —marital satisfaction, job satisfaction, financial stress, and social resources—using data drawn from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) survey. Our findings suggest that, on average, high levels of faith and attendance at religious services are associated with lower health. In contrast, however, we find no relationship between high levels of faith, attendance, and life satisfaction. Further research ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 3, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Efficacy of Surah Al-Rehman in Managing Depression in Muslim Women
The objective of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of Surah Al-Rehman for managing depression in Muslim women admitted for treatment of major depressive disorder in a psychiatry ward of a government hospital. It was hyp othesized that women diagnosed with severe depression in the treatment group will have reduced level of depression as compared to control group at post-assessment level. It was further hypothesized that the amount of decrease in depression in treatment group at the post-assessment level will be grea ter as compared to the control group. A purposive sample of 12 female patients diagnosed with...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 26, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Effect of Self-Care Education on Emotional Intelligence of Iranian Nursing Students: A Quasi-experimental Study
This study aimed to determine the effect of self-care training on emotional intelligence of nursing students. This quasi-experimental study was conducted on nursing students of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences in 2016. The subjects (60 students) that were collected with random sampling method were divided into experimental and control groups, and then, self-care behaviors were taught to the experimental group ’ students in 12 sessions by using a checklist. The subjects of control group were not taught. Emotional intelligence was measured by using Bradberry and Greaves’ standard questionnaire before and...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 26, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Neurophysiological Approach to Examining Knowledge/Belief in the Prayer of an Untrained Person: A Case Study
AbstractAn adult female (22  years) of Christian orthodox religion was examined during the silent Lord’s prayer, the most common, short prayer, with the aim of possible differentiation between belief and knowledge in her experience, analyzing the behavior of subgroups of theta and beta cerebral EEG rhythms, which occur thro ugh constant and occasional activation of cerebral regions. The participant was not trained in reading the prayer to herself or other people. EEG examination was performed by Nihon Kohden Corporation, EEG—1200-K Neurofax apparatus, in the monopolar longitudinal montage in the system of ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 26, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Assessing Spiritual Well-Being in Residential Aged Care: An Exploratory Review
AbstractWith the emerging incorporation of spiritual care into the allied health stream, there is a need for a clear and validated process of spiritual review that can be understood across multidisciplinary teams. The aim and purpose of this paper was to critically review the literature regarding spiritual screening, history-taking and assessment, and explore the merits of developing a brief instrument focussed on assessing and improving the spiritual well-being of consumers within residential aged care. Following an exploratory review of the literature, the results indicate that effective processes are noted regarding the...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 26, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Effect of Religious Psychotherapy Emphasizing the Importance of Prayers on Mental Health and Pain in Cancer Patients
This study aimed to determine the effect of religious psychotherapy emphasizing the importance of prayers on mental health and pain in cancer patients. This study is a clinical trial that was conducted in 2017 in Yasuj, Iran. According to the purpose of the study, the patients were randomly assigned into two experimental and control groups. Prayers 15 and 23 of the SahifehSajjadiyeh book were read at the beginning of the treatment sessions, and the patients were asked to pay attention to the meaning of prayer. The data were analyzed using SPSS 16 software. Before implementing the intervention, the mean and standard deviati...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 26, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

An Examination of Denomination-Level Efforts in Congregation Health Programming
This study examined how large denominational FBOs approach health promotion programming and relevant barriers and issues related to capacity. A self-report survey via email and mail collected responses from representatives of FBOs about their health programming. The sample (n = 154) was diverse and included Catholic, Presbyterian, and Lutheran traditions. The most common activities were inclusion of health-related topics at organizational events and the provision of educational resources. Working with FBOs at a macro-level has potential implications for population-l evel health improvements. (Source: Journal ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 26, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religiosity and Physician Lifestyle from a Family Health Strategy
This study examines the association between religiosity and physician lifestyle from a Family Health Strategy perspective. This is a cross-sectional study with 30 physicians, who completed the religiosity and lifestyle questionnaires. Among the participants, 70% (n = 21) had no “focus” on spirituality and health. The average total lifestyle score was 74.1 (SD = 8.1), but the “Physical Activity” subscale score was below average (3.4, SD = 2.37). We found eight significant correlations between religiosity and lifestyle subscales (p 
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 26, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Traditional Plants Used by Remaining Healers from the Region of Grande Dourados, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil
AbstractAlthough the traditional use of medicinal plants is a very widespread practice in Brazil, there are still few studies aimed at native prescribers, known as healers. The aim of this work was to catalog the medicinal species prescribed by remaining healers of the Grande Dourados region, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with support of a standardized questionnaire for remaining healers selected using the “snowball” technique. The medicinal species selected were collected, identified, and classified according to the British National Formulary. Remaining healers were iden...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 26, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Sexual Orientation, Religious Coping, and Drug Use in a Sample of HIV-Infected African-American Men Living in the Southern USA
This study investigated the relationship between religious coping, drug use, and sexual orientation in a sample of HIV-infected African-American men (40 heterosexuals; 64 sexual minorities). Most participants (76%) reported being “moderately” or “very” religious. We found no main effect of religious coping or sexual orientation on frequency of drug use. However, there was an interaction between positive religious coping and sexual orientation. Among heterosexuals, positive religious coping was inversely associated wi th frequency of drug use. However, this relationship was not significant among sexu...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 25, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Impact of Spirituality and Religiosity on Mental Health and Quality of Life of Patients with Active Crohn ’s Disease
AbstractWe aim to investigate the association among religious/spiritual coping (RSC), quality of life (QOL), and mental health in patients with active Crohn ’s disease (CD). This cross-sectional study included 102 patients with active CD. Religious and spiritual beliefs were common among patients, being positive RSC higher than negative RSC. Negative coping was associated with mood disorders (depressive or anxiety symptoms) through the Hospital Anxiet y and Depression Scale (β = 0.260,p 
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 25, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Introduction to Special Section of Journal of Religion and Health, ‘Mental Health, The Mind and Consciousness: Tibetan and Western Approaches’
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 20, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Developmental Trajectories of Religious Service Attendance: Predictors of Nicotine Dependence and Alcohol Dependence/Abuse in Early Midlife
AbstractThis longitudinal study assesses the associations between developmental trajectories of religious service attendance from mean age 14 to mean age 43 and nicotine dependence and alcohol dependence/abuse at mean age 43 (N = 548). Six trajectories of religious service attendance were identified. As compared with belonging to weekly stable trajectory group, a higher probability of belonging to the weekly/none decreasing, occasional stable, and non-attendance trajectory group was significantly associated with a hig her likelihood of nicotine dependence. In addition, as compared with belonging to weekly sta...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 16, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religion Affiliation and Depression Risk: Factory Workers Working in Hi-Tech Companies in Shanghai, China
This study examines factors contributing to depression among migrant factory workers in Shanghai. A survey was designed with mental health questions under a framework explaining: (1) social capital, (2) migratory stress, and (3) mental health consequences. With a return rate of 98.3%, 1966 individuals completed the survey. Only 11.1% of the respondents indicated having a religious affiliation. The findings are not surprising about the relationship between trust, economic condition, and depression. However, it is surprising to find thatnot having a religious affiliation is significantly connected to better mental health. Th...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 16, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Bullying Victimization and Use of Substances in High School: Does Religiosity Moderate the Association?
AbstractAlcohol, tobacco and other drug use continue to pose serious public health concerns among youth. Bullying victimization has been identified as a risk factor and religiosity a protective factor for adolescent substance use. No previous research has examined the potential moderating role of religiosity. We explore the association between bullying victimization and substance use in adolescents with low and high levels of religiosity. A cross-sectional survey was conducted with a representative sample of high school students in greater Beirut. Binary and multinomial logistic models were used, adjusting for demographics...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 13, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Determination of Compassion Levels of Nurses Working at a University Hospital
This study was conducted to determine the compassion levels of nurses working in a university hospital. The study sample consists of 227 nurses who were available and participated in the research voluntarily during the study. The study data were collected by using “Nurse Description Form” and “Compassion Scale (CS).” In the analysis of the study data, number, percentage, mean and independentT test and ANOVA test were used. The total mean score of CS of the nurses was found as 97.02  ± 10.67. There was no statistically significant difference between gender, marital status and wee...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 7, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Urban Religious Congregations ’ Responses to Community Substance Use: An Exploratory Study of Four Cases
AbstractFaith-based drug treatment programs are common, and many are implemented through congregations; however, little is documented about how congregations conceptualize and implement these programs. We use case study analysis to explore congregational approaches to drug treatment; qualitative findings emerged in three areas: (1) religion ’s role in congregational responses to substance use, (2) relationships between program participants and the broader congregation, and (3) interactions between congregational programs and the external community. Congregational approaches to drug treatment can be comprehensive, but...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 5, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religious and Spiritual Aspects of Disaster Experience Among Survivors of the 9/11 Attacks on New York City ’s World Trade Center
This study examined religious and spiritual aspects of disaster experience among 379 survivors of the 9/11 attacks on New York City ’s World Trade Center. Interviews conducted 35 months after the disaster provided structured diagnostic assessments of psychiatric disorders and specific detail of demographic characteristics, experience of the disaster, and variables related to religion and spirituality. The study participants o verwhelmingly identified with a specific religion. The disaster appeared to have only modest effects on strength and importance of religion/spirituality, and changes were predominantly posi...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 1, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religious Perfectionism Scale Among Believers of Multiple Faiths in China: Development and Psychometric Analysis
AbstractIn China, many people are converting to various world religions. Nonetheless, religious adherence for them, as with many people, can still function as adouble-edged sword with regards to mental health. In particular, religious perfection can become either a healthy commitment or a rigid outlook that leads to distress. Thus, we developed the Religious Perfectionism Scale (RPS) from Chinese religious believers. In the first phase (N = 171), we collected qualitative data through an open-question survey from different religious groups (i.e., Buddhism, Protestantism, and Islam). Then, we developed an item ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 28, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religiosity and Death Anxiety: A Study of Muslim Dars Attendees
The objective of our study was to examine the relationship between religiosity and death anxiety among Muslim dars attendees. We also aimed to investigate the gender-based differences in religiosity and death anxiety among Muslim dars attendees. A purposive sample of 200 adults (malen  =  100 and femalen  =  100) with the age range of 20–60 years participated in the present study. The sample was collected from informal religious gatherings (dars) from Islamabad and Rawalpindi. The information was gathered through self-reporting questionnaires, death anxiety scale and index of religios...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 27, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

‘Spirituality’ in Health Studies: Competing Spiritualities and the Elevated Status of Mindfulness
AbstractThe article investigates discourses of ‘spirituality’ in the field of Health Studies, among scholarly voices and the voices of the practitioners and patients these studies reflect. It examines current trends in contemporary spirituality as well as links with debates involving science, religion and secularisation. The article argues t hat, in the public domain, ‘spirituality’ is beginning to denote a collective practice rather than an individual search for meaning. Furthermore, the article identifies some common understandings of spirituality in the context of Health Studies and health enviro...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 26, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research