Resilience in the Aftermath of Childhood Abuse? Changes in Religiosity and Adulthood Psychological Distress
AbstractOf all the forms of adversity experienced during childhood, childhood abuse is known to have the largest impacts on mental health. Yet, we have a limited understanding of factors that may cushion the blow of these early insults, and it remains unclear whether stability or increases/decreases in religiosity facilitate or hinder the ability of religion/spirituality to act as a buffer. Using two waves of MIDUS data, results suggest that increases in positive religious coping (seeking comfort through religion/spirituality) during adulthood buffer the association between childhood physical and emotional abuse on psychol...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 6, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Coping with Stress Among Israeli –Palestinian High School Students: The Role of Self-Control, Religiosity, and Attachment Pattern
AbstractIsraeli –Palestinian adolescents living in Israel may have a unique set of stressors, given the societal tension between Israeli and Palestinian practices that may influence youths’ identities (e.g., modernization, gender roles). However, little research has examined risk factors that may undermine one’ s ability to cope with stress effectively within this population. Thus, the current study examined the role of religiosity, self-control skills and emotional attachment style as risk factors for less effective (more passive, fewer active strategies) coping with stressful situations. Participants (n...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 5, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Godless in the Great White North: Assessing the Health of Canadian Atheists Using Data from the 2011/2012 Canadian Community Health Survey
AbstractAn overlooked reason to study atheism and health is that it provides a reasonably strong test of the broader religion-health relationship. Using data from the 2011/2012 Canadian Community Health Survey (n >  8000) I explored the health differences between atheists and eight categories of religious identities (nonreligious, Anglican, Baptist, Christian, Protestant, Catholic, United Church, and All Others). Surprisingly, results showed no substantive differences between atheists and non-atheists for se lf-rated health, emotional well-being, and psychological well-being. In contrast, results showed su...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 5, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religious Identity, Discrimination, and Psychological Distress Among Muslim and Christian Arab Americans
This study examines differences in experiences between Muslim and Christian Arabs (N = 1016) utilizing data from the Detroit Arab American Study (DAAS). Results showed that Muslim and Christian Arabs held similar levels of religious centrality and psychological distress but differed in reports of negative religious public regard and experiences of discrimination. Additionally, religious public regard and religious centrality predicted psychological distress similarly for Muslim and Christian Arab Americans. The relationship between religious centrality and psychological distress was mediated by negative ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 5, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Meaning in Life, Religious Coping, and Loneliness During the Coronavirus Health Crisis  in Turkey
AbstractSince December 2019, the COVID-19 pandemic has caused  serious mental health challenges and consequently the Turkish population has been adversely affected by the virus. The present study examined how meaning in life related to loneliness and the degree to which religious coping strategies mediated these relations. Participants were a sample of 872 a dults (242 males and 360 females) drawn from general public in Turkey. Data were collected using Meaning in Life Questionnaire, UCLA Loneliness Scale, and the Religious Coping Measure. Meaning in life was associated with more positive religious coping an...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 5, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Publication Trend in Islamic Medical Ethics in Iran and the World: Designing a Road
This study aimed at determining the publication trend in Islamic medical ethics; finally, a road map was designed. All published English and Persian papers in Islamic medical ethics were searched until June 2017. Finally, 971 English papers and 204 Persian papers were analyzed. Our results show that publication in Islamic medical ethics started in 1973. The beginning of life was considered the most favorable subject followed by public health and biotechnology by both Iranian and non-Iranian scholars. Taken together, the publication trend in Islamic medical ethics has experienced ups and downs and is not as satisfactory as ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 5, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The State of Research on Faith Community Nursing in Public Health Interventions: Results from a Systematic Review
AbstractThough faith community nurses (FCNs) serve many roles in churches and communities, little is known about their roles or effectiveness in public health interventions. This systematic review summarizes the literature on recent faith community nursing interventions, examining trends, evaluating rigor, and proposing future research directions. Articles were downloaded from PubMed and CINAHL, and 24 studies were included. Interventions addressed various health outcomes. The FCNs participated in research by recruiting participants, developing study measures, and implementing programs. Results reported mainly process eval...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 5, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

An Exploration of Spiritual Well-being Among Homeless People: A Hierarchical Regression Analysis
This study explored homeless people ’s (N = 164) spiritual well-being (SWB) in relation to race, mental illness, physical disease, resilience, and trait mindfulness. The results of hierarchical regression analysis revealed that variables of race (p = 0.003), mental illness (p = 0.04), resilience (p 
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 5, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

A Narrative Review of Ethnic Minority Studies for Faith-Based Health Promotion Interventions with Special Reference to the Contemporary Christian Nurse
AbstractHeart disease, diabetes mellitus (DM) type 2, and obesity are three of the most prevalent diseases in the USA. Some obesity-related comorbidities are disproportionately higher within African-American and Hispanic communities. While governmental and local health programs offer educational opportunities encouraging long-term health behavior changes, the most accessible programs have been through faith-based communities. This narrative review investigates the outcomes of faith-based wellness programs on Latino and African-American populations with respect to general health and wellness, obesity management, DM type 2, ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 5, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

How Resiliency and Hope Can Predict Stress of Covid-19 by Mediating Role of Spiritual Well-being Based on Machine Learning
This study aims to develop an ML-based model to detect the relationship between resiliency and hope with the stress of COVID-19 by mediating the role of spiritual well-being. An online survey is conducted to assess the psychological responses of Iranian people during the Covid-19 outbreak in the period between March 15 and May 20, 2020, in Iran. The Iranian public was encouraged to take part in an online survey promoted by Internet ads, e-mails, forums, social networks, and short message service (SMS) programs. As a whole, 755 people participated in this study. Sociodemographic characteristics of the participants, The Resi...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 4, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Fundamental Values of the Healthcare and Medical Education System: Evolution of the Iranian-Religious Progress Model
AbstractIranian culture and religious teachings lead to a unique value-laden model in health and medical education  systems. This research aimed to determine these fundamental values. To identify the health system values in the religious context of Iran, a mixed critical analysis–synthesis method was conducted. Furthermore, a focus group discussion with experts was conducted. Finally, we determined the fundam ental values for the Iranian-religious progress model of health care and medical education. God centeredness, spirituality, divine and religious belief, ethical virtues, health centeredness and promoting al...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 4, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Predicting Substance Use from Religiosity/Spirituality in Individuals with Cystic Fibrosis
AbstractReligiosity and spirituality predict lower alcohol and other substance use in community samples of adolescents and adults. However, the roles of religiosity and spirituality in substance use have not been examined in individuals with cystic fibrosis (CF). Adults with CF (n = 123) completed measures of spirituality, religiosity, and substance use. Clinical measures of illness severity (e.g., BMI and  %FEV1) were obtained from participants ’ medical records. Substance use rates for alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana were lower in this sample than those seen in the general population. Of the meas...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 3, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Effect of Religious Belief on Depression and Hopelessness in Advanced Cancer Patients
This study was conducted to determine the effect of religious belief on depression and hopelessness in advanced cancer patients. The sample size of this cross-sectional study was determined as 267 as a result of the power analysis. The study was carried out between February 2018 and December 2018. “The Patient Information Form”, “The Religious Attitude Scale”, “The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)”, and “The Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS)” were used to collect the data. It was determined that the total mean score of the cancer patients participating in the study for Religious A...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 3, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Is Physical Alteration a Sufficient Reason to Prohibit Ritual Infant Circumcision?
This article takes issue with that conclusion. Furthermore, even if one were to grant this conclusion, the offense is not of sufficient magnitude to warrant government action to halt the practice. On the other hand, suppression of ritual child circumcision may represent an attack against cultures and societies in which circumcision is practiced. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 3, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Implications of Islamic Governance towards Psychosocial Work Stressors and Work Productivity
AbstractThis is a cross-sectional study, using multivariate regression analysis, to explore the relationship of Islamic governance on psychosocial work stressors and work productivity in healthcare settings. The results revealed that Islamic governing components that are culturally assimilating were significantly related to positive aspects of psychosocial work stressors and increased productivity. Organisational goals that are re-directed towards the Maqas īd, i.e. higher order of objectives in Islam, had direct benefits in reducing work–family conflict, promoting general health, increasing job satisfaction and imp...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 2, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

A Jerusalem Synagogue Coping During the Coronavirus Pandemic: Challenges and Opportunities
AbstractA diverse Modern Orthodox synagogue in Jerusalem continued to serve its congregants and maintain community despite closures and restrictions during the coronavirus pandemic. Members were surveyed in April 2020. There were minorities of members who were experiencing mental health issues, especially those less acculturated and no one surveyed received any professional mental health help. About a quarter of the members said that regular check-ins were important but some said they were not receiving enough of them. Synagogues can potentially serve as coping resources for congregants both during periods of crisis as wel...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 2, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Association Between Positive Religious Coping, Perceived Stress, and Depressive Symptoms During the Spread of Coronavirus (COVID-19) Among a Sample of Adults in Palestine: Across Sectional Study
AbstractObjectivesThe current study was designed to investigate the relationship between positive religious coping, perceived stress, and depressive symptoms among Palestinian adults in response to the emergence of coronavirus (COVID-19), and the quarantine system implemented in the city of Tulkarem, Palestine.MethodsA correlational study was conducted to examine the relationship between study variables. Participants were 400 Palestinian adults, involving 172 males and 228 females, living in the city of Tulkarem, Palestine, during the spread of coronavirus. Participants were selected using convenience and snowball sampling...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 2, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Prevalence of Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors by Key Demographic Variables Among Mid-South Church Leaders from 2012 to 2017
AbstractCardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors were examined among church leaders (n  =  2309) who attended Mid-South United Methodist Church annual meetings between 2012 and 2017 using repeated cross-sectional data. There was a significant increase in body mass index (BMI) (b = 0.24,p = 0.001) and significant decreases in blood pressure (systolic:b = − 1.08,p 
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 2, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Perceived Parameters of Christian Pharmacy Students ’ Faith-Sharing in Clinical Settings
AbstractOur interdisciplinary team (which included professionals from nursing, pharmacy, allied health, and psychology) conducted in-depth, semi-structured interviews with pharmacy students (n = 14) who were presently in a clinical rotation. When conducting the phenomenological, qualitative research study, we explored how students framed their respective experiences of incorporating spirituality into their clinical work. Three themes emerged from the interviews: (1) The students repo rtedly viewed their main role as being more of a support person than an evangelist, (2) They framed their influence from the pe...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 2, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

“I Took the Trouble to Make Inquiries, So I Refuse to Accept Your Instructions”: Religious Authority and Vaccine Hesitancy Among Ultra-Orthodox Jewish Mothers in Israel
AbstractVoluminous scholarship has shown that religious leaders play an important role in helping patients cope with health issues. There is, however, little research on the impact of religious leaders on parents' decision-making processes pertaining to childhood vaccination. Ultra-orthodox Jewish religious leaders (rabbis) are considered authorities on health issues, and most of them encourage parents to vaccinate their children. Yet, there have been several recent outbreaks of measles in the ultra-orthodox population in Israel, as well as in other countries. The aim is to study the role played by rabbis in the decision-m...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 2, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Frequency of Attendance at Religious Services and Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke
AbstractExposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) is associated with increased risk of disease and death. Reports on ETS and religion are lacking. Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used to test this association. In 4,712 nonsmokers, serum cotinine level of 0.05 –3.99 ng/mL indicated ETS exposure. Frequency of attendance at religious services was categorized as >   = weekly or less. In bivariate analysis, ETS exposure occurred in 28.6% of those with >   = weekly attendance but 36.4% of less frequent attenders (p&th...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 2, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Medicine Versus Religion: A Religio-Cultural Study of Death and Dying in Contemporary Kashian Society
AbstractThe religious context of death has deep implications in shaping the phenomenon of death for the denizens of Kashi. The present paper argues that religious understanding of death confronts the medical issue(s) in the contemporary scenario. To explore the abysmal religio-cultural underpinning(s) of the episteme of death and dying in the era of  hegemonic medical technologies is the purpose of this study. Further, it will discuss the enigma of death and dying and will represent some insights into it from the vantage point of religion. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 2, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religiosity/Spirituality and Mental Health and Quality of Life of Early Pregnant Women
AbstractThe present study aims to investigate how religious/spiritual (R/S) beliefs are associated with depressive, anxious and stress symptoms and quality of life (QOL) of 160 Brazilian women in early pregnancy. In this cross-sectional study, religiosity/spirituality (DUREL, Daily Spiritual Experiences, Brief-RCOPE), mental health (DASS-21) and quality of life (WHOQOL-Bref) were assessed. Negative R/S coping was associated with higher levels of depressive, anxious and stress symptoms and worse physical and psychological QOL. On the other hand, positive R/S coping, intrinsic religiosity, and spirituality were associated wi...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 2, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Role of Religion in Physician Outlook on Death, Dying, and End of Life Care
AbstractOne of the many roles a physician provides to their patients is compassion and comfort, which includes tending to any psychological, spiritual, and religious needs the patient has. The goal of this pilot study was to explore whether religious or spiritual values of physicians at an urban  academic hospital affect how physicians care for and communicate with their patients, especially when dealing with death, dying, and end-of-life matters. After surveying 111 inpatient physicians at an academic hospital, we found that 92% of physicians are extremely or somewhat comfortable having e nd-of-life discussions. We a...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 2, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Relationship Between Compassion Fatigue in Nurses, and Work-Related Stress and the Meaning of Life
AbstractThis research was conducted in order to examine the correlation between work-related stress and meaning of life in association with compassion fatigue of nurses, as well as to determine the factors that affect compassion fatigue. The research is cross-sectional. The population of the research is comprised of nurses working at a university hospital in the east of Turkey. The research was carried out with 336 nurses. “Introductory information form,” “Work-related strain inventory,” “Professional quality of life scale and compassion fatigue subscale” and “Life attitude profile...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 2, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religiosity and Suicide: A Large-Scale International and Individual Analysis Considering the Effects of Different Religious Beliefs
AbstractIn a cohort of 82,898 participants from 60 countries, this study examined attitudes towards suicide among five religions (Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, and other non-specific religions), while simultaneously considering two different dimensions of religiosity: subjective religiosity and religious practices. At the national level, religiosity was an important negative predictor variable for suicide rates and an important positive predictor variable for negative attitudes towards suicide. At the individual level, however, attitudes towards suicide were found to vary significantly across the different relig...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 2, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

A Study of Some Important Issues for a Muslim in the Month of Ramadan
AbstractThe month of Ramadan is associated with many worships that might exhaust the weak body. The most important worships in Ramadan are fasting and prayer. Some prayers require the length of sitting and standing, in addition to prayer movements. Many Muslims are spending a long time in the mosque; sitting on the ground for reading or standing for prayer. The questionnaire is focused on those who spend a long time in the mosque. Seven attributes were considered for the understanding of what affects the worshiper's health, especially those who with chronic diseases. We found that there is a strong relationship between age...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 2, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Conflicting Advice between Spiritual Leaders, Friends and Family, and Mental Health Providers: Impacts on Mental Health Treatment-Seeking Behaviors
This study aimed to examine the effects of advice from religious/spiritual leaders and friends/family of a religious/spiritual person with mental health struggles on treatment-seeking. A survey was administered to adult patients of a university-affiliated psychiatric clinic in the Midwest. Participants whose friends/family members ’ advice conflicted with their psychiatrist’s advice were six times more likely to delay seeking mental health treatment (OR: 6.09, 95% CI: 1.37, 27.01). Conflict between religious/spiritual leader’s advice and psychiatrist’s advice had a significant effect on delay in see...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 1, 2021 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Association of Death Anxiety with Spiritual Well-Being and Religious Coping in Older Adults During the COVID-19 Pandemic
AbstractThis descriptive study aimed to examine the association of death anxiety with religious coping and spiritual well-being among 248 community-dwelling older adults during the COVID-19 pandemic. The brief Arab religious coping scale, the Arabic version of the spiritual well-being Scale, and the Arabic Scale of death anxiety were used to measure religious coping, spiritual well-being, and death anxiety, respectively. The majority of the participating older adults were found to have low levels of religious coping and spiritual well-being and high levels of death anxiety. Further, in comparison to male older adults, fema...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 7, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Views of Catholic Priests Regarding Causes, Treatments and Psychosocial Consequences of Schizophrenia and Depression: A Comparative Study in Italy
This study explored views of Catholic priests about schizophrenia and depression in Italy. Participants completed a questionnaire on their views about either schizophrenia (N = 282) or depression (N = 277). The depression group was surer than the schizophrenia group that: the disorder was due to psychosocial causes; curable; non-requiring long-term pharmacotherapy; the persons with depression could participate in religious activities. The older priests were more convinced than the younger priests that: the prayer and long-term pharmacotherapy are useful; the persons with mental disorders had aff...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - December 2, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Socio-religious Prognosticators of Psychosocial Burden of Beta Thalassemia Major
AbstractThe study investigates the socio-religious factors in the propagation of genetically inherited disease of Beta thalassemia. The disorder which reportedly has a significant protraction through repeated cousin marriages results in the social maladjustment of the parents of the sick children due to constant depression, anxiety, and weak social interaction and may lead to social isolation as well. This research aims to find out the significant effect of socio-religious trends on psychosocial burden of beta thalassemia major among cousin and non-cousin couples in the province of Punjab in Pakistan. It takes a sample of ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - November 20, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Women in Christian Substance Abuse Treatment; Forgiveness, Attachment Styles, and Improvements in Co-occurring Mental Health Symptoms
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to explore the efficacy of The Recovery Center at Shalom House Ministries and examine the relationship(s) between forgiveness, attachment styles, drug and alcohol abuse, self-reported mental health symptoms, and cognitive functioning. Participants (N = 118 women) attended Shalom Recovery (2016–2018). Statistically significant improvement was found between entrance and the 3-month mark on all measures, with 67.9% completing the program. Findings indicated that the revenge motivations correlated with depression, self-esteem, anxiety, and av oidance of intimacy with Go...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - November 20, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Associations Between Religious/Spiritual Practices and Well-Being in Indian Elderly Rural Women
AbstractReligion and spirituality (R/S) are embedded in all aspects of life in India, a predominantly rural economy. The aim of this mixed methods study was to assess the associations between a culturally tailored intervention and preexisting religious/spiritual (R/S) practices with indicators of well-being and factors which contribute to happiness among elderly rural women from Haryana state, India. The study consisted of three groups: field experimental group (FEG;n = 24); practitioners of preexisting R/S practices for at least 6 weeksSatsang (SG,n = 54),Brahma Kumaris (BKG,n =&thi...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - November 20, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Assessment of Somatic Support Process for Pregnant Brain Death Patients Occurring in a Transition Country Between Asia and Europe from Medical, Ethical, Legal and Religious Aspects
AbstractIn spite of the fact that brain death during pregnancy is not a common occurrence, it is an important ethical problem for all cultures and religions can have a significant influence on the donation decision after brain death. Therefore, this study aimed to present the case of a pregnant patient developing brain death which occurred in our intensive care unit and to compare the medical, ethical and legal problems relating to pregnant cases developing brain death with 24 cases in the literature. A 21-year-old 19-week pregnant case with gestational diabetes was monitored in the anesthesia intensive care unit and devel...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - November 20, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

An Offering of Hope During COVID-19: A Personal Reflection
AbstractThis essay offers a philosophical and spiritual exploration of some of the language that has become part of daily life amidst the COVID-19 crisis. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - November 20, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

RETRACTED ARTICLE: Women ’s Narratives of Marital and Divorce Issues and Impact on their Health
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - November 20, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

COVID-19, Aged Care, Cancer, Medical Research and Mental Health
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - November 10, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Tribal Folklore to Aesthetic and Religious Painting: Transition of Oral Narratives to Visual Art
AbstractGond painting, an integral part of the Gond cultural identity of central India, has emerged as highly appreciated and recognised tribal art form worldwide in the recent times. These traditional paintings are believed to have started with the transformation of Gond oral folklores. ThePradhan Gond, a subgroup of the Gonds, who were traditionally assigned to sing songs of the glorification of the gods, goddesses and nature with aBana, a traditional single-stringed musical instrument, was assumed to initiate the paintings of Gond folktales. They narrated the collective beliefs, values and legends of the Gond tribe on t...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - November 7, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Hail and Farewell
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - November 5, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

John XXI, the Pope Philosopher and Physician –Scientist of Portuguese Origins Died of Crush Syndrome in 1277
AbstractThe aim of this work is to refer on the death due to crush syndrome in 1277 of Pope John XXI, philosopher, logician, anatomist, physician scientist, university professor of medicine at the university of Siena and author of books adopted for nearly 4  centuries in universities in the Middle Ages. The Pope died crushed by the ceiling of his office which had been built in rush to meet his need for a quiet and warm place, his need of light and nature. There he attended to his duties of governing the church, studied fine theological questions, insp ected the stars, made experiments and discussed with the renowned o...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - November 3, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Cultural Adaptation and Validation of the Moroccan Arabic Version of the Muslim Belief into Action (BIAC) Scale
This study was conducted in two stages. First, the original version of Muslim BIAC was translated from English to Arabic using a standard forward –backward translation procedure. Second, the Moroccan Arabic version of the Muslim BIAC was administered to a sample of 132 students at Ibn Zohr University, Agadir, Morocco (mean age 22.2 years). The average score on the BIAC was 46.1 (SD = 17.2). The Cronbach’s alpha for internal reliabili ty was 0.81, with alphas for removed items ranging from 0.77 to 0.82. Test–retest reliability by intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was 0.87 (95% CI&...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - November 3, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Islam and Mental Disorders of the Older Adults: Religious Text, Belief System and Caregiving Practices
AbstractThis paper illustrates the impact of Islamic religious texts on dementia care in the Middle East. It examines how old age and older adults mental disorders are framed in the Quran and Hadith, and how these texts are transformed to belief ideologies and caregiving practices. The study uses a qualitative research methods, which include a review of all Islamic holy texts  that address mental and cognitive changes associated with ageing, along with interviews with eight Sharia scholars and 37-Arab-Muslim families living in Qatar. Islamic texts command compassion and honouring of elderly parents and give care instr...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - November 3, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

New Zealand Religious Community Responses to COVID-19 While Under Level 4 Lockdown
AbstractSocial scientific research into the impact of COVID-19 on religious communities is emergent. This research combines interview data (n = 12) collected, as New Zealand moved into Level 3—Restrict and then Level 4—Lockdown, with Facebook and online news media analysis to understand how religious leaders and their communities responded to COVID-19. Our data found four challenges: (1) The requirement to reassess worship practi ces, (2) the need to mitigate any potential for community transmission, (3) significant difficulties related to social distancing for communal religious practices, and la...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - November 3, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Intrapsychic Conflicts Arising While Meeting Ultraorthodox Patients
AbstractThe article addressed the key psychological issues that arise in encounters between the world of analytical psychotherapy and the inner world of patients belonging to the ultraorthodox (Haredi) community in Israel. The ultraorthodox community is characterized by isolationism and withdrawal, whether as a means of protecting itself from the influence of unacceptable lifestyles or as an ideal that eschews mingling with secular or semi-secular communities. Thus, the community maintains itself apart from the mainstream Israeli public in terms of its religious beliefs and independent culture. Ultraorthodox leadership has...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - November 2, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Relationship Between the Stress Perceived by the Intensive Care Patient ’s Relatives with Their Religious Attitudes and Behaviors: Turkey Sample
This study was carried out in a university hospital located in the southeastern region of Turkey to determine the relationship between the perceived stress with the religious attitude and behavior of the intensive care patient ’s relatives; 150 patient’s relatives participated in this descriptive and relation-seeking study between the dates of January and April 2019. The Personal Data Form, Perceived Stress Scale, and Religious Attitude and Behavior Inventory that were designed by their own researchers as a result of the literature review were used in this study. As a result of this study, it was found that the...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - November 2, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Experience of Spiritual Dryness and Acedia Symptoms in Seventh-Day Adventists
AbstractIn a cross-sectional survey among 626 Adventists, we investigated their perception of spiritual dryness, and its association with indicators of Acedia, well-being and emotional exhaustion. Women, younger persons and those without a specific duty within the church had significantly higher spiritual dryness scores. Spiritual dryness was predicted best by perceivedExcessive Spiritual Demands (indicating spiritual exhaustion) and low perception of the sacred. Further predictors are Acedia ’sDifficulties in Prayer Life, reduced well-being and emotional exhaustion. The underlying causes might be complex and thus to...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - November 2, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Nurses and Patients ’ Perspectives on Spiritual Health Assessment
AbstractNurses conduct physical and psychosocial assessments during admissions to healthcare facilities. Patients rely upon nurses to provide support and education during their journey, from periods of health decline to states of optimal wellness. Therefore, nurses are an ideal population to assess spiritual health. The value and necessity of spiritual assessment were explored on an inpatient unit providing medical and palliative care to patients. Two spiritual assessment tools, comprised each of five items, were evaluated by nursing staff and patients. Spiritual Assessment Tool 1 used language that was unaffiliated with r...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - November 2, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Second Victims: Aftermath of Gun Violence and Faith-Based Responses
We describe information and insights presented during a symposium uniting medical-religious partners to discuss actions and programs to address trauma from gun violence. Faith-based persons from various Abrahamic religions, ranging from imams to reverends to hospital-based chaplains, discussed key strategies to allocate resources to second victims. These strategies included religious rituals meant to cope with trauma, memorials, and providing insight into resiliency for difficult times. Resources were identified for both within the hospital and community. Such medical-religious resources should be considered for future int...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 31, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Investigation of the Spiritual Care Effects on Anxiety, Depression, Psychological Distress and Spiritual Levels of Turkish Muslim Radiotherapy Patients
In conclusion, it was determined that the support for Islamic spiritual care had positive effects on hospitalized radiotherapy patients. According to the results obtained, it is recommended to examine in larger sample groups in different treatment programs in order to reveal the effect of spiritual care support. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 31, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Strategies to Cope with Phases of Spiritual Dryness in Seventh-Day Adventists
AbstractIn Adventists (n = 603) 45% were less effective and 55% more effective in coping with phases of spiritual dryness, particularly those with leading roles in the church. Strategies such as devotion/trust in God, private prayer/meditation/scripture reading, openness, talks with close others, and self-care were mos t often utilized. Their ability to cope was predicted best by low Acedia, Living from the Faith, low emotional exhaustion, well-being and having a duty in the church (R2 = .24). When these phases were overcome, several perceived spiritual depth and were able to help others all the...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - October 31, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research