Blood Myths and Ethnic –Cultural Background as Impediments in Patient Blood Management Education
We examined whether blood-linked myths and ethnic –cultural background factors are impediments to PBM education and implementation. Data about the influence of blood myths and diverse ethnic–cultural communities were collected from physicians in our medical center via an anonymous questionnaire which contained questions about myths as well as k nowledge of blood transfusion. No statistical differences were found between ethnic and cultural groups regarding blood myths and cultural background influence, although the Jewish participants were less influenced by myths than their Arab colleagues. The influence of bl...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 13, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Does a Fundamentalist Mindset Predict a State or Trait Anxiety? The Covariate Role of Dogmatism
In this study, we examined whether the need for closure dimensions predicted religious fundamentalism. Further, we tested if pronounced religious beliefs (also controlled for dogmatism) would be associated with a state or trait anxiety, in a sample of 388 Roman Catholics (females  = 53.9%). Path analysis (SEM), with observed variables, was used to determine the pathways by which religious fundamentalism, need for closure dimensions, and dogmatism interacted to influence anxiety. The results revealed that religious fundamentalism was predicted by intolerance to ambiguity, preference for order, and closed-minde...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 11, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Spirituality and the Developing Brain: A Framework for Pediatric Oncology
AbstractDevelopment, whether motor, language, social, or spiritual, is the functional expression of complex brain processes throughout one ’s life span, the foundations of which are laid in childhood. The effects of cancer, chemotherapy, radiation, and surgical procedures on early brain development have been measured using neuroimaging and developmental assessment tools. We propose that spiritual development may be substantially affe cted in children with oncological diseases that impact underlying brain processes. By drawing connections between science, spirituality, and medicine, we can better address the spiritual...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 8, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Methodology of Interdisciplinary Studies in Nursing Based on Islamic Documents
AbstractTo meet the needs of people from various cultures, nursing research must be performed on the basis of these cultures. This research aims to invent interdisciplinary research method based on Islamic documents. This method is with three stages: first, to describe a desired concept; second, to define the concept from the viewpoint of humans. Finally, a nursing discipline is achieved on the basis of the human knowledge and its findings, and Islamic documents. Results of this research method assist nurses in offering nursing care with regard to Muslim's beliefs in addition to their culture and customs. (Source: Journal ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 6, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religiosity/Spirituality and Physiological Markers of Health
AbstractThe long-standing interest in the effects of religiosity and spirituality (R/S) on health outcomes has given rise to a large and diverse literature. We conducted a meta-analysis on research involving R/S and physiological markers of health to elucidate both the scope and mechanism(s) of this phenomenon. A combined analysis found a significant, but small, beneficial effect. Subgroup analyses found that some measures of both extrinsic and intrinsic religiosity were significantly associated with health. Several outcome measures, including blood pressure, C-reactive protein, and cardiovascular health markers, were sign...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 1, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Effect of Religious Beliefs on the Attitude of Aesthetic Surgery Operation in Islam
This study aims to investigate the relationship between individuals ’ attitudes about acceptance of aesthetic surgery (e.g. rhinoplasty, autoplasty, blepharoplasty, and mammaplasty) and some of the worship practices in Islamic religion such as performing prayer, fasting, and going to pilgrimage. Although many people think that aesthetic surgery is inappropriate in Islamic religion, no studies in the literature were found to have investigated this issue. This study collected data through a questionnaire administered to 96 patients who applied to our Plastic Surgery Clinic and underwent various surgical operations and ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 1, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religious Discrimination Scale: Development and Initial Psychometric Evaluation
This study presents the development and initial psychometric evaluation of the Religious Discrimination Scale (RDS). This 11-item instrument identified three dimensions based on perceived discrimination experiences of members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS): Perceived Prejudice, Closet Symptoms, and Negative Labels. The psychometric evaluations of the RDS indicated a strong and clear factor structure as well as good internal consistency reliability. The test of measurement and structural invariance across gender also suggested that the RDS scale is equally appropriate to be used with both men and w...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 1, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religion and Body Weight Among African-American Adults Attempting to Lose Weight: An Exploratory Study
AbstractReligion and body weight was explored at two time points among overweight and obese African-American adults. Baseline and follow-up data were collected from 26 adults participating in a weight loss intervention and analyzed using multiple regression analyses of religious measures, body weight, and other variables. Frequent church attendance was significantly associated with greater weight lost from baseline to 16-week follow-up. In this exploratory study, religious interactions and experiences may be involved in shaping body weight among African-Americans attempting to lose weight. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 1, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spiritual and Religious Healing Practices: Some Reflections from Saudi National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Riyadh
AbstractTraditional practices constituting spiritual and religious (S/R) healing are an important component of the holistic healthcare model and are used in health, well-being, and treating a variety of diseases around the world. The main focus of this review is to summarize the Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) studies that especially target S/R healing practices in Saudi Arabia (SA) and discuss the results in light of relevant international literature. From year 2013 –2017, electronic searches of PubMed, OvidSP, Google Scholar, and two publishing housing Web sites (Sciencedomain.com and Dove Medical Pres...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 1, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Response Bias in Research on Religion, Spirituality and Mental Health: A Critical Review of the Literature and Methodological Recommendations
AbstractAlthough a significant body of research supports the psychological benefits of religion and spirituality, more investigations are needed to understand the mechanisms by which they impact mental health. While some studies suggest a causal direct influence, the findings may still be subject to unmeasured factors and confounders. Despite compelling empirical support for the dangers of response bias, this has been a widely neglected topic in mental health research. The aim of this essay is to critically examine the literature addressing the role of response bias in the relationship between religion, spirituality and me...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 1, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

“What Goes Around Comes Around”: Attitudes and Practices Regarding Ageing and Care for the Elderly Among Moroccan Muslim Women Living in Antwerp (Belgium)
AbstractThe aim of this article is threefold. First, we seek to elicit the attitudes and practices of middle-aged and elderly Moroccan Muslim women towards ageing and care for the elderly. Second, we aim to identify possible differences between middle-aged and elderly women ’s attitudes and practices. Third, we seek to explore which role religion plays in their attitudes and practices. Qualitative empirical research was conducted with a sample of middle-aged and elderly Moroccan Muslim women living in Antwerp (Belgium) (n = 30) and with experts in the field (n = 15). Our study unveils that ageing ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 1, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Comparison of Death Anxiety, Obsession, and Depression Between Muslim Population with Positive and Negative Religious Coping
AbstractDeath anxiety, obsession, and depression constitute three dimensions of death distress which can be influenced by religious coping in religious individuals. The aim of this study was to compare death anxiety, depression, and obsession between Muslims with positive and negative religious coping. In a cross-sectional study, a sample of 339 participants were selected via stratified random sampling method. The participants were screened using the Brief Religious Coping Scale, in which 60 individuals were identified to have positive religious coping and 62 individuals were recognized as individuals with negative religio...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 1, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Growth: A Journey from Experience to Higher Perception Among Iranian Muslim CPR Survivors
AbstractSeveral studies have been conducted among cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) survivors. Some studies have shown that positive and negative experiences coexist. Emotional distress and psychopathology in CPR survivors are related to the urgent need to make growth. Understanding the meaning of CPR survivors ’ lived experiences of growth may facilitate their growth. The aim of the study was to illuminate the meaning of CPR survivor’s lived experiences of growth in southeast Iran. A qualitative design using a phenomenological hermeneutic approach influenced by Ricoeur was used in 12 CPR survivors. Th ree ma...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - April 1, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Worldview Under Stress: Preliminary Findings on Cardiovascular and Cortisol Stress Responses Predicted by Secularity, Religiosity, Spirituality, and Existential Search
This study reports preliminary findings on the hypothesis that worldview can predict cardiovascular and cortisol responses to social stress. Based on theory and previous findings, we assumed that worldview security would provide a basis for stress resilience. Accordingly, religious and atheist individuals were expected to show higher stress resilience than spiritual and agnostic participants. Likewise, dimensional measures of religiosity and atheism were hypothesized to predict decreased, and existential search —indicating worldview insecurity—was hypothesized to predict increased physiological stress resp...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 27, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Wedding with a Stolen Goddess: The Ethnography of a Cult in Rural Tamil Nadu
AbstractThe paper provides a critical overview of the perspective that stratifies society in India into a series of different classes, resulting in the mobility of particular castes or social groups. For this purpose, the study presents ethnographic material concerning the foundation and development of a non-Brahman temple in the Tamil low-caste settlement of Line Kollai, which is in a neighbourhood close to the city of Krishnagiri. The presented ethnographic material shows how a religious folk cult has been established on the grounds of actualized and modified motives in the vernacular environment. In this line, the study...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 27, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spiritual Lessons From the Coronavirus Pandemic
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 26, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

An Investigation of the Relationship Between Intercultural Sensitivity and Religious Orientation Among Nurses
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between intercultural sensitivity and religious orientation among nurses. This study utilized a cross-sectional model. It was conducted in a public hospital in a city located in the eastern part of Turkey between July and September 2018. The participants were 105 nurses who volunteered to participate in the study. Data were collected using the Socio-Demographic Characteristics Form, the Intercultural Sensitivity Scale, and the Religious Orientation Scale. The Intercultural Sensitivity Scale mean score of the participating nurses was found 82.55  ± 9.82, ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 14, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religion, Health, Social Capital and Place: The Role of the Religious, Social Processes and the Beneficial and Detrimental Effects on the Health and Wellbeing of Inhabitants in Deprived Neighbourhoods in Malta
This study emphasises that religious social processes operate in a highly complex manner, and ‘adherents’ and ‘disaffiliates’ are likely to enjoy positive or negative health and wellbeing acc ording to where they live and according to important persons living in the neighbourhood such as the parish priest. This study contributes to the research gap between religion, social capital and health and the complex, social processes that operate at the local level of place. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - March 7, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Does Spiritual Intelligence (SI) Exist? A Theoretical Investigation of a Tool Useful for Finding the Meaning of Life
AbstractFor years, spirituality and finding the meaning of life have been considered essential phenomena in the context of human existence. Zohar introduced the termspiritual intelligence (SI) in 1997, and since that time researchers have been seeking to clarify the concept. Emmons (The psychology of ultimate concerns. Guilford Press, New York,1999) suggested that SI serves as a potentially significant construct to expand our understanding of the psychological determinants of human functioning. In recent years, several efforts to conceptualize and measure this construct have joined the body of related literature, of which ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 27, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Filling the Gaps: The Role of Faith-Based Organizations in Addressing the Health Needs of Today ’s Latino Communities
This study examined the needs, barriers, and facilitators related to such programs in Memphis, TN. Thirty Latino community members and ten faith leaders participated in focus groups and in-depth interviews, respectively. Health needs identified included diet, dental care, and screenings, while barriers included cost, education, lack of prevention-seeking behaviors, and need for Spanish language services. Faith leaders were aware of more health resources than community members. Despite being receptive and acknowledging the need for faith-based programs aimed at prevention and filling healthcare gaps, concerns regarding the ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 27, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Investigation of Nursing Students ’ Attitudes Towards Death and Their Perceptions of Spirituality and Spiritual Care
AbstractNurses are responsible for meeting the care needs of dying patients and their families, including their physical, psychological, emotional and spiritual assessment and care. The aim of this descriptive study was to investigate nursing students ’ attitudes towards death and their perceptions of spirituality and spiritual care. The study sample consisted of 237 second-, third- and fourth-grade nursing students. Data were collected using a “Personal Information Form”, the “Spirituality and Spiritual Care Rating Scale (SSCRS)” and “ Death Attitude Profile-Revised (DAP-R)”. Numb...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 26, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Depressive Feelings in Religious Minorities: Does the Religious Context Matter?
AbstractIn the present study, the authors examine the extent to which depressive feelings vary across religious denominations and how this relates to the religious context. We apply a multilevel model using data from the sixth (2012) and seventh (2014) wave of the European Social Surveys, comparing 268 regions within 28 European countries. We find that religious minorities report more depressive feelings than non-minorities, except in regions with a majority of Muslims. A higher likelihood to experience discrimination, as well as the higher proportion of migrants within the religious minority groups, explains a substantial...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 25, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Narratives of Shia Madurese Displaced Women on Their Religious Identity and Gender Citizenship: A Study of Women and Shi ’as in Indonesia
This study argues that religious identity and gender citizenship are constructed by these displaced Shias women concerning their belief as to what is considered ‘true’ in Islam, acquired from the ‘Islamic traditions’ of their local Islamic teacher (s). Their loyalty to a religious belief does not arise from any independent search for the ‘true Islam’ but rather from the doctrine of the teachers/spiritual leaders. Enforced loyalty to Shi’as in their everyday communal ritual practices has influenced the formation of these displaced women’s religious identity as Shi’ias. (...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 25, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Effect of Spiritual Care Based on the Sound Heart Model on the  Spiritual Health of Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction
AbstractMeeting the spiritual needs of patients with cardiovascular diseases has a significant effect on their speed of recovery and spiritual health, especially in coronary care units (CCUs). The present study was conducted to investigate the effect of spiritual care based on the sound heart model on the spiritual health of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) admitted to the CCU of Chamran Hospital in Isfahan, Iran, in 2016. This clinical trial was conducted on 92 patients with AMI selected by convenience sampling and randomly assigned to the intervention (n = 46) and control (n = 4...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 25, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Brian S. Powers: Full Darkness: Original Sin, Moral Injury, and Wartime Violence
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 22, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Association Between Spiritual Well-Being and Resilience Among Turkish Hemodialysis Patients
This study aimed to determine the association between spiritual well-being and resilience among Turkish hemodialysis patients. This cross-sectional study was conducted with 134 hemodialysis patients treated at two state hospitals ’ hemodialysis units between February 2019 and July 2019. The data were collected with a Personal Information Form, the Spiritual Well-Being Scale and the Resilience Scale for Adults with the face-to-face interview technique. To analyze the data, descriptive statistics,t tests, ANOVA, Pearson ’s correlation and multivariate linear regression analysis were used. The patients’ spir...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 19, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Introduce a New Intervention Model Based on Islamic Lifestyle for Decreasing the Risk of Cardiovascular Disease in People at Risk: A Comparative Study
AbstractThe main purpose of the present study was designing and assessing the common lifestyle and Islamic lifestyle interventions and comparison of them. Sample of the study was thirty-nine subjects participated in a healthy lifestyle program. The Islamic group were received the Islamic healthy lifestyle program. In comparison with common, in the Islamic group the CVD risk was significantly lower; the psychological well-being was increased significantly; the psychological distress was decreased significantly; and the spiritual well-being was increased significantly. The most powerful element of Islamic lifestyle was to st...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 18, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Quality of Palliative Care: Perspective of Healthcare Providers at  a Tertiary Hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
This study aimed to measure the quality of palliative care from the perspective of healthcare professionals at a tertiary hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. A cross-sectional survey was distributed to 80 healthcare professionals working at the palliative care department. The questionnaire assessed the dimensions that measure the quality of palliative care (Structure and Aspects of Care, Cultural Aspects of Care, Care of the Imminently Dying Patient, Ethical Issues), overall quality of care, ethical Processes of Care, Physical Aspects of Care, Psychological/Psychiatric Aspects dilemmas occurring in the practice setting, and ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 17, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spiritual Experiences of Long-Term Meditation Practitioners Diagnosed with Breast Cancer: An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis Pilot Study
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to explore the spiritual experiences of long-term Brahma Kumaris Raja Yoga (a spiritually focused meditation practice) meditators who have been diagnosed with cancer and to understand how their long-term meditation practice influenced their ability to face the physical, emotional, and spiritual challenges of surviving cancer. Interpretative phenomenological analysis was used to investigate the lived experience of spirituality as described by three cancer survivors. Participants with a history of a cancer diagnosis were sought from the Brahma Kumaris Raja Yoga meditation centers across ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 15, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spirituality and Religious Practices and Its Association with Geriatric Syndromes in Older Adults Attending to a Geriatric ’s Clinic in a University Hospital
This study showed that the prevalence of RP is higher in Mexican older adults. The RP model can explain 8 and 9% of the variation in dependent variables (depressive symptoms and disability). These results suggest the importance of monitoring RP, as they seem to have a positive impact on he alth status of the elderly. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 14, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

“Give them the door but don’t push them through it”: Family Attitudes Toward Physician-Led Spiritual Care in Pediatric Palliative Medicine
AbstractLittle is known about pediatric caregivers ’ perceptions of religious or spiritual (R/S) care provided by physicians. We conducted a qualitative, semistructured interview study to understand perceptions of pediatric caregivers toward physician-led R/S care. Participants were 20 primary caregivers whose children were hospitalized and receiv ing palliative care services. Interviews were audio recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed using constant comparative methods. Three recurrent themes emerged regarding physician-led R/S care: (1) Most caregivers view providing R/S care as a positive sign of physician ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 12, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

An Exploration of the Relationship Between Spirituality, Religion and Mental Health Among Youth Who Identify as LGBT+: A Systematic Literature Review
AbstractThere is a growing interest in addressing spirituality in health care with evidence emerging that personal spiritual and religious practices, and support of these, can influence mental health in a positive way. However, there can be distinct challenges to spiritual expression and mental health issues for youth who identify as LGBT+. The goal of this paper was to undertake a systematic review of the available evidence to investigate the relationship between mental health, spirituality and religion as experienced by LGBT+ youth. A comprehensive literature search was conducted using medical and psychological databases...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 12, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Psychometrics Properties of the Daily Spiritual Experience Scale in Slovak Elderly
AbstractThe aim of this study was to evaluate psychometric properties of the daily spiritual experience scale (DSES) in Slovak elderly (n = 250). Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was 0.98. Reliability tests confirmed excellent internal consistency. Principal component analysis produced one-factor model which explained 75.86% of the total variance of the Slovak DSES. A higher frequency of spiritual experiences was associated with hi gher level of spirituality, meaning in life, religion/spiritual affiliation, and lower level of depression which justified construct validity of the DSES. Women stated greater sp...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 8, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Bridges to Care and Recovery: Addressing Behavioral Health and Mental Health Needs Through the Faith Community
AbstractThe Bridges to Care and Recovery program supports the behavioral health assessment, treatment, and recovery of individuals through partnerships with the African-American faith community. Church members receive mental health training and skill building, so they can serve as personal mental health educators and advocates. A Community Connector provides guidance and referral to behavioral health services, including access to free counseling. The program reduces the perceived stigma of mental illness and strengthens partnerships between behavioral health service providers and the African-American community. (Source: Jo...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 4, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Designing Worship Services to Support African-American Persons Living with Dementia
AbstractThe church has played an integral role in the African-American community for a number of years. With the growth in population of African-American older adults living with dementia, it is critical for the church to understand how they can support these individuals in continuing their engagement in meaningful religious activities. The purpose of this qualitative descriptive study was to explore how to design or modify worship services to support African-Americans living with dementia. Interviews were conducted with church leaders, current and former caregivers, and service providers (n = 12). Analysis o...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - February 4, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Spiritual Intelligence and Aggression Among Elite Wrestlers in Hamadan Province of IRAN
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between spiritual intelligence and aggression among elite wrestlers of adolescent age group. The present study was descriptive of correlation type in terms of method and applied in terms of purpose. The population of this research was the elite wrestlers of adolescents age group aged 14 –17 (mean and SD of 15.27 ± 1.33) using the convenient sampling method for adolescent wrestling teams of Hamedan clubs selected as samples. To measure variables, King’s spiritual intelligence scale and Bass and Perry aggression questionnaire w...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 22, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

What Spirituality Means for Patients and Families in Health Care
AbstractThis research focuses on the spiritual care experiences of patients and families at a hospital in Australia. Twenty-four patients and 10 family members were interviewed. Results indicate the importance of relatedness: being treated as a person, reminded of your capabilities and conversations about what matters. Maintaining contact with friends and family, sustaining religious and spiritual practices, music therapy and pet therapy were also significant and contact with the natural world and shared activities. The results indicate the importance of spirituality offered through pastoral care, and that all those involv...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 22, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Perceptions of the Efficacy of Prayer and Conventional Medicine for Health Concerns
AbstractPrevious research has associated prayer practices with positive health outcomes, but few studies have examined: (a) the perceptions of prayer in relation to perceptions of the efficacy of conventional medicine, and (b) whether the perceptions of prayer efficacy differ based on illness type, context of prayer, and whether prayer is for the self or someone else. The current study surveyed 498 emerging adults at a public university. Conventional medicine was perceived as more effective for alleviating health concerns overall, but participants perceived prayer as most effective when performed in a group setting for som...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 22, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Role of Socio-demographics in Adoption of Religious –Spiritual and Other Coping Strategies Among Muslim Chronic Patients with Hepatitis C in Pakistan
AbstractCoping has emerged as a vital indicator among patients in the chronic conditions. The current study examined the role of demographic characteristics (such as age, education, gender, marital status, residential background, family type and number of children) in adoption of coping (emotion-focused, problem-solving, religious –spiritual) strategies for nursing among hepatitis patients. A sample of 500 patients (of hepatitis C) was drawn from five most populous districts (Lahore, Faisalabad, Rawalpindi, Gujranwala and Multan) of Punjab, Pakistan, by using Epi Info software with an alpha level of 0.03. The data we...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 22, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Global Scientific Outputs of Brain Death Publications and Evaluation According to the Religions of Countries
AbstractIn 1950s, the concept of brain death, which began to be discussed primarily in terms of medicine and then in terms of religion, law, and ethics, became a central topic in all world countries as it was an early diagnosis of death. Despite the fact that brain death (BD) diagnosis is of importance for benefitting from organ and tissue transplantation of patients in the world, the literature still involves no bibliometric studies that made a holistic evaluation of the publications about this issue. The present study aims to investigate the top-cited articles about BD published between 1980 and 2018, identify the citati...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 22, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Effect of Holly Quran Voice With and Without Translation on Stress, Anxiety and Depression During Pregnancy: A Randomized Controlled Trial
This study aimed to investigate the effect of Holy Quran on stress, anxiety and depression in Iranian pregnant women. A total of 168 participants were allocated randomly into three groups. Group I received broadcast of the Holy Quran with translation, group II received broadcast of the Holy Quran without translation, and group III was the control group. After intervention, scores of perceived stress, state anxiety, trait anxiety and depression in group I and group II were significantly lower compared with the control group. The Holly Quran with translation and without it, both are the effective for reducing stress, anxiety...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 22, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Knowledge, Opinions and Behaviors of Senior Nursing Students in Turkey Regarding Euthanasia and Factors in Islam Affecting These
AbstractThe descriptive study was conducted to investigate the knowledge, opinions, behaviors of senior nursing students regarding euthanasia and factors in Islam influencing these. Almost all students (97.7%) knew about euthanasia. Their knowledge, opinions and behaviors were affected by their beliefs about death, religious beliefs and the idea of being subject to euthanasia themselves. Religion influenced whether they wanted euthanasia to be legalized or would carry it out secretly. Students who would be willing for their relatives to undergo euthanasia would not want to participate in this. Knowledge about the concept o...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 22, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Spiritual Care: Define and Redefine Self
AbstractSpiritual care is deep rooted in the traditional ancient system of medicine. However, due to lack of high grade evidences, practitioners of modern system of medicine are hesitant to inculcate spirituality in their clinical practice. This paper is an attempt to basic understanding of spiritual care therapy, current evidences for it and the challenges for incorporation in the allopathic system of medicine. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 22, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Explaining an Influential Model of the Significant Relationship Between Religion, Spirituality, and Environmental Peace in Mosque Interior Architecture
AbstractInvestigating the components of environmental peace in an architectural work, especially Islamic mosques, requires a detailed understanding of this concept and its influential factors. In the architecture of the mosques of the past, certain patterns have always followed a continuous trend that made a logical relationship with the time before and after, but this continuity and trend are not seen today. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of environmental peace from two aspects of religion and spirituality. Religion means comprehensive instructions and complete guidelines that, on the one ha...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 21, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Structural Equation Modeling of the Spirituality and Self-efficacy Among College Students
AbstractThe present research is a descriptive analytical study which is conducted on 540 students. Multistage random sampling method was used. Data gathered by questionnaire consist of demographic factors and spirituality assessment questionnaire and self-efficacy questionnaire. Data were analyzed using statistical tests includingt test, Chi-square, one-way ANOVA and correlation between variables through SPSS16 and EQS6.1 Software. Positive coefficients in regression equations showed positive relationship of spiritual capability (P  
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 20, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Effect of Religious Beliefs on the Publication Productivity of Countries in Circumcision: A Comprehensive Bibliometric View
This study aims to make a comprehensive bibliometric analysis of circumcision and investigate the relationship between publication productivity and religious beliefs of the countries. Web of Science was utilized to obtain the documents needed for bibliometric analyses. “Circumcision” keyword was used for search. The search included studies published between 1980 and 2018. The literature review indicated that there were 3694 publications about circumcision published between 1980 and 2018. Of these publications, 1770 (47.9%) were articles. This study provided a bibliometric summary of 1770 articles. The top five ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 20, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Trauma and Post-traumatic Growth: Spirituality and Self-compassion as Mediators Among Parents Who Lost Their Young Children in a Protracted Conflict
AbstractThe purpose of the present study was to expand the knowledge on trauma and post-traumatic growth (PTG) by exploring this relationship in parents who lost their children in Kashmir (India). The main aim of the present study was to examine whether spirituality and self-compassion mediate the relationship between trauma and PTG. Data were collected from 80 parents in the age range of 35 –80 years (Mean Age = 52.09). Traumatic Grief scale Prigerson et al. (in Am J Psychiatry 154:616–623, 1997), Daily Spirituality Scale (Underwood and Teresi, Ann Behav Med 24(1):22–33,2002), Self-Com...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 18, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Authors Disclosing Their Theistic Orientation in Journal Articles on Religion and Health? Infrequent, Informal, and Mostly Inconsistent with Conflict of Interest
AbstractAn international survey was conducted of authors (N = 288) in the religion–health (R–H) research field concerning the disclosure of their theistic orientation (T-O) (i.e., whether they believe in God[s], a Higher Power, or a universal spirit) in their journal articles. Most (74%) of the respondents said they never disclose their T-O in this co ntext; e.g., because they feel the information is private (20%), irrelevant (36%), unimportant (56%), and/or likely to make them appear less credible (36%). Atheists were four times less likely than deists and gnostic theists were to disclose their T-O; ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 17, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Characteristics of Danish Centenarians ’ Religious Beliefs: A Nationwide Population-Based Study
AbstractResearch has shown that in groups of increasing age, religiousness becomes more prevalent. However, centenarians have only to a very limited extent been included in studies. The aim of this study is to characterize religious beliefs and practices in a larger sample of centenarians than have before been included in research on the matter. Using the Danish Civil Registration System, all individuals turning 100 in 2015 in Denmark were invited to participate (N = 498); 364 participated (73%) (82% women). Descriptive statistics on the centenarians’ self-reported belief, frequency of prayer and attend...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 10, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Conscientious Objection: A Talmudic Paradigm Shift
AbstractContentious objection remains a very heated topic with strong opinions arguing for and against its utilization in contemporary health care. This paper summarizes and analyzes various arguments in the bioethical literature, favoring and opposing conscientious objection, as well as some of the proposed solutions and compromises. I then present a paradigm shifting compromise approach that arises out of very recent Jewish bioethical thought that refocuses the discussion and can minimize the frequency with which conscientious objection is required. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - January 10, 2020 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research