Religion, Spirituality and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease: A Matched Case –Control Study and Meta-Analysis
AbstractAlthough the association between religion/spirituality (R/S) and psychological outcomes is well established, current understanding of the association with cardiovascular disease remains limited. We sought to investigate the association between Islamic R/S and coronary heart disease (CHD), and place these findings in light of a meta-analysis. In this case –control study, 190 cases with non-fatal CHD were identified and individually matched with 383 hospital-based controls. R/S was measured by self-administered 102 items questionnaire. A tabular meta-analysis was performed of observational studies on R/S (high ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - July 3, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Correction to: Relationship Between Care Burden and Religious Beliefs Among Family Caregivers of Mentally Ill Patients
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake in the author name. The co-author name should be Reza Masoudi instead of Reza Masoodi. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - July 3, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Correction to: Assessing Spiritual Well-Being in Residential Aged Care: An Exploratory Review
The original publication of this article (Drummond and Carey 2018) contained a missing reference in the “Results” section, second paragraph (p. 382). The corrected text has been given below. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - July 3, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Feeling Good, Living Life: Evaluation of Psychometric Properties of the Slovak Version in Children Age 8 –11 Years
AbstractThe aim of this study was to psychometrically evaluate the feeling good, living life questionnaire (FGLL) in Slovak children. Specifically, we aimed to assess the internal consistency and several proofs of the measure of the construct validity. The sample consisted of 454 children in grades 3 –5, age 8–11 (mean age = 9.85, 48% boys) from state (N = 256) and Catholic school (N = 198). The internal consistency of the FGLL was assessed using Cronbach’s alpha (α). Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), correlation analysis (Pearson and Spearmanr) and nonpar...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 27, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Effect of Spiritual Care Based on Ghalbe Salim on Anxiety in Adolescent with Cancer
AbstractCancer is one of the chronic and rare diseases in children that is associated with psychological trauma that can cause fear and anxiety in patients. Considering that spirituality as a solid base may be a strong factor in controlling the tense conditions, this study aimed to investigate the effect of true heart spiritual care on cancer anxiety in Mashhad. This is a case –control study on 40 children referred to Dr. Sheikh Mashhad Children’s Therapeutic Center in 2017. Sampling was done randomly in two groups of test and control. The experimental group received the training program in five sessions in 4&n...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 25, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Relationships Between Religiosity and Employees Constructive and Destructive Behaviors
AbstractThere is substantial literature on the relationship of religiosity with constructive and destructive behaviors, and it is about time to consolidate the knowledge through a systematic review and meta-analysis among organizational members. For this, meta-analysis studies published between 2000 and 2018 were included with a total sample of 3714. Results show a weak and significant association between religiosity and employee ’ behavioral outcomes (ř = 0.07). Moreover, a relatively stronger relationship is reported with employees’ constructive behavioral outcome (ř = 0.12). In ...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 25, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Role of the Chaplain as a Patient Navigator and Advocate for Patients in the Intensive Care Unit: One Academic Medical Center ’s Experience
AbstractEffective communication between intensive care unit (ICU) staff, and patients and their families, can help increase understanding, trust, and goals-of-care decisions. Many strategies focus on enhancing communication by increasing family meetings or adding patient navigators. In our ICU, we implemented both strategies, uniquely appointing a chaplain for the patient navigator role. We then surveyed ICU staff on their perceptions of the chaplain/patient navigator, which yielded several valuable insights. Although all staff supported a strong chaplaincy presence, many had concerns about the dual chaplain/patient naviga...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 22, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Altered States of Consciousness in Transpersonal Approach Psychotherapy: Systematic Review and Guidelines for Research and Clinical Practice
AbstractTranspersonal approach in psychotherapy is a controversial field, and there is a lack in scientific information. A search of Embase, Web of Science, Scopus, PubMed, PsycINFO and SciELO databases using: [ “Altered states of consciousness” AND “Psychotherapy”] and [“Transpersonal” AND “Psychotherapy”] in December 2017 was conducted. From 629 articles found, 14 empirical studies were analyzed. Studies were conducted with adults, most of them women. The benefits were improvement in the t reatment of substance use disorder; increased sensation of relaxation, relief of phys...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 21, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Integration of Spiritual Care in Hospital Care System in Iran
AbstractThere is a growing body of evidence on the positive effects of religion and spirituality on recovery from cancer and the ability to cope with it. Most spiritual interventions carried out in Iranian research are based on care and support models that have been developed in the West. With the unique cultural and religious features of the Iranian context, a more refined look at spiritual care in the hospital care system of Iran is called for. This paper examines how to implement the spiritual care of cancer patients in hospitals and oncology wards in Iran. A consensus panel of experts was used to develop guidelines for...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 21, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Religion and Health Among Hispanics: Exploring Variations by Age
AbstractThe purpose of this study is to see whether there are age differences in the relationship between church-based social ties and Epstein –Barr virus (EBV) antibodies among Hispanics (250) and non-Hispanic Whites (N = 602). The data indicate that emotional support that is received from fellow church members is associated with lower EBV values among Hispanics of all ages, but not among Whites of all ages. In contrast, emotional support that is received outside religious institutions failed to provide simila r protective effects for Hispanics. No age differences emerged from the data. (Source: Journa...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 21, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Hidden Figures: Are Ultra-Orthodox Jewish Women Really so Different When it Comes to Health Care?
AbstractIncorporating the needs of at-risk populations into national health care initiatives is essential. Israel has identified ultra-Orthodox Jewish, or Haredi, women, as at risk of increased morbidity and mortality, yet actual data on this insular community are lacking. We reviewed published research on Israeli Haredi women ’s health status, behaviors and health care access and examined methodologies. Of 273 articles identified, 14 publications and four government reports were included. More research is needed on this community, essential not only to Israeli health care policy, but to that of the USA and the UK, w...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 19, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Development and Validation of Yoga Program for Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM)
This study with aim of development and validation of ayoga program for patients with T2DM was carried in view of emerging evidence ofyoga as an alternative and/or complementary treatment. Classical and contemporaryyoga texts were reviewed for identification ofyoga practices. After reviewing research papers and yoga texts a THREE-stepyoga program, in order of increasing difficulty level for T2DM was prepared. For validation of yoga program, mixed methods approach integrating qualitative and quantitative inputs was considered. Eighteen experts over three rounds of iteration contributed toward validation ofyoga program. A fin...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 18, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Relationship of Forgiveness and Values with Meaning in Life of Polish Students
AbstractThe purpose of this article was to show the relationship of terminal values and forgiveness with meaning in life in Polish students who consider themselves faithful and practicing. The study involved youth studying at the Jesuit University Ignatianum in Krakow. It was carried out among 368 students. The age of the participants ranged between 19 and 23. Three tools were applied: Rokeach Value Survey, Forgiveness Scale by Toussaint, and the Purpose in Life Test of Crumbaugh and Maholick. The analysis of the results obtained proves that terminal values and forgiveness have a statistically significant relationship with...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 17, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Understanding College Students ’ Perceptions Regarding Mindfulness: The Impact on Intellectual Humility, Faith Development, Religious Communication Apprehension, and Religious Communication
The objective of the investigation was to test the impact of mindfulness on intellectual humility, faith development, religious communication apprehension, and religious communication. A new scale was developed to measure religious communication. Results revealed (a) mindfulness predicted faith development, intellectual arrogance, and openness; (b) mindfulness predicted less religious communication apprehension, (c) mindfulness did not predict religious communication. Findings help support the notion that greater mindfulness favorably impacts humble faith development. Mindfulness also seemed to buffer less anxiety but with...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 15, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Influence of Religiosity on the Saudi Nursing Students ’ Attitudes Toward Older People and Perceptions on Elderly Care
AbstractThis cross-sectional study examined the influence of Saudi nursing students ’ religiosity on their attitudes toward older people and on their perceptions of elderly care. A sample of 175 nursing students of a government university in Saudi Arabia was surveyed using the Kogan’s Attitudes toward Older People Scale, the Perspectives on Caring for Older Adults Scale, and th e Muslim Religious Index. The students reported they are religious, they have modest attitudes toward older people, and they have neutral perception about elderly care. Religiosity showed a positive influence on the students’ attit...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 12, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Recovering from an Epidemic of Teen Pregnancy: The Role of Rural Faith Leaders in Building Community Resilience
This study explores the role of faith leaders and congregations in preventing teen pregnancy and enhancing overall health. Seventeen faith-based leaders responded to an invitation to participate. Participants were recruited from two counties within Oklahoma, based on desired community characteristics. Findings were directly related to: (1) the vulnerability of rural communities to negative health outcomes; (2) resiliency of rural faith communities to address health issues; and (3) the adaptive capacity of rural faith leaders and their communities to decrease teen pregnancy and maximize community health. Culturally relevant...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 12, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Investigating the Relationship between Religious Beliefs with Care Burden, Stress, Anxiety, and Depression in Caregivers of Patients with Spinal Cord Injuries
In this study, caregivers of patients with SCI were included in the study using convenience sampling method in Ilam city. The researchers identified patient caregivers who met the inclusion criteria. The research objectives were described for caregivers, and the questioners were initiated if caregivers were willing to participate in the study. Literate caregivers completed questionnaires through interviews, and trained questioners completed for illiterate caregivers in the same way (interviewing). Data were analyzed using spss 16 statistical software, and descriptive and analytical methods were used for statistical analysi...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 11, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Effect of Cultural Identification and Family Affection on Coping Abilities in Missionary Kids
AbstractThis exploratory study examined the role of missionary kids ’ (MKs) cultural identification and family affection on their abilities to cope with potentially traumatic events. A total of 156 MKs completed online questionnaires that assessed parental affection, cultural identification, and coping. The results demonstrated that greater verbal affection from m others was related to increased coping for Western-identified MKs, whereas greater non-verbal forms of affection from mothers were related to increased coping for Asian-identified MKs. Another key finding was the distinction between MKs’ ethnicity and...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 10, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Gratitude and Its Conceptualization: An Islamic Perspective
AbstractEmployees constitute an integral part of every organization, and their behaviours cultivate success or failure for the entire industry. Each organization should be cognizant of its employees ’ behaviours that can be translated through their behavioural outcomes. One of such outcomes is the level of gratitude (Shukr in Islamic perspective) that can be conceptualized further by establishing its link with employees ’ social or pro-social behaviours using lens of Islamic philosophy. The literature from the perspective ofHoly Quran andSunnah (Prophet ’s practices) suggests that a good number of employe...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 8, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Potential Risk and Protective Factors for Eating Disorders in Haredi (ultra-Orthodox) Jewish Women
We describe these and use them as a basis for discussion of possible risk and protective factors for ED in Haredi women. Risk factors may include the centrality of food, poverty, rigid dress codes, the impo rtance of thinness for dating and marriage, high demands from women, selflessness and early marriage and high expectations from women. Protective factors may include faith, Jewish laws governing eating and food that encourage gratitude and mindful eating, and body covering as part of modesty laws th at discourage objectification. Ways of overcoming the current barriers to research in the Haredi community should be sough...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 7, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Effect of Moola Bandha (Perineum Contraction), A Yogic Lock on Cognitive Functions of College Students: An Exploratory Study
AbstractAcademic performance and excellence of college students are mainly depending on their cognitive functions. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a yogic lock or hold, Moola bandha (perineum contraction) on cognitive functions of teacher training college students. Twenty-three healthy volunteers with the mean  ± standard deviation age of 21.96 ± 1.64 years were recruited from a district institute of education and training (DIET) college, North India. All the subjects were asked to perform Moola bandha for the duration of 30 min a day (15&nbs...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 6, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Investigation of the Relationship Between Anxiety Levels of Patients Before Plastic Surgery Operation and Worship Practices in Muslims
In conclusion, the present study found that Muslim people who performed religious rituals more often experienced less preoperative anxiety levels in plastic surgeries, which indicates that the belief level is an effective factor in preoperative anxiety levels. The findings of the pres ent study indicate that patients’ beliefs and worship practices should be taken into consideration by doctors, operating room personnel, and even all health workers in order to decrease the anxiety levels of patients who will undergo surgery. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 6, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Relationship Among Religious Orientation, Individual Attributes, and Presence of People in Urban Public Space
AbstractThe purpose of this paper is to study the rate of presence in an urban space and how it is related to people ’s intrinsic and extrinsic religious orientations and individual attributes. For measuring religious orientation, the Allport’s Scale of intrinsic and extrinsic religious orientation was used. The information was collected from 100 residents of Mashhad, an important religious city of Iran. Resul ts show that internal and external religious orientations do not have a significant relationship with the presence of people in urban spaces. But there is a strong relationship between individual attribut...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 5, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Psychometric Characteristics of the Turkish Version of the Nurse Comfort Questionnaire
AbstractThe aim of this study was to determine psychometric characteristics of the Turkish version of the Nurse Comfort Questionnaire (NCQ). The sample of the study comprised 275 nurses in the western part of Turkey. To collect the study data, the Sociodemographic Characteristics Questionnaire and NCQ were used. After the statistical analyses conducted to determine the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Ferrandiz and Martin-Baena ’s NCQ, some items were excluded from the original questionnaire, and a 39-item NCQ for Turkey was developed. The analyses showed that the 39-item NCQ had a valid and rel...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 4, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Spirituality in End-of-Life Cancer Patients, in Relation to Anxiety, Depression, Coping Strategies and the Daily Spiritual Experiences: A Cross-Sectional Study
This study aimed to investigate “Faith” and “Meaning/Peace” dimensions of the functional assessment of chronic illness therapy–spiritual well-being scale (FACIT-Sp-12) in relation to coping strategies, anxiety and depression, and to analyze the relationship between FACIT-Sp-12 and the daily spiritual experience scale in end-of-life cancer patients. A sample of 152 participants were involved. The daily spiritual experiences correlated the most with “Faith” subscale. Moreover, religious coping, depression and daily spiritual experiences resulted “Faith” significant predic...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 4, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Body Mass Index in Religious Contexts: Exploring the Multilevel Influences of Religion
AbstractCan the religious values of an entire geographic area affect the BMI of people living in that same area, even people with different religious values? Although prior research has demonstrated that individual religious characteristics are associated with individual BMI, less is known about how the overall religious context influences BMI. Using multilevel analyses on two waves of the National Study of Youth and Religion merged with county-level variables, this study finds that a county ’s higher Catholic population share is associated with lower individual BMI even after controlling for various individual and c...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 4, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Exploring Religiosity and Spirituality in the Sexual Decision-Making of Black Gay and Bisexual Men
This study utilized data from in-depth qualitative interviews conducted to explore personal meanings of religiosity and spirituality and how these constructs affect partner choices and sexual behaviors among BGBM. Interviews were conducted with 26 BGBM in Los Angeles, California, from September to November 2015. In-depth interviews yielded themes related to BGBM ’s understanding of religiosity and spirituality and how their personal beliefs influenced their partner choices and sexual risks. Implications for church-based and community-based interventions are discussed. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 3, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Five-Factor Model Personality Traits and Self-Classified Religiousness and Spirituality
AbstractA review of the literature investigating the relationship between religion and spirituality and broad personality traits reveals methodological limitations. The present study sought to contribute to the present literature by investigating differences on personality traits among men and women who identified as either religious only (R), spiritual only (S), both spiritual and religious (B), or neither spiritual nor religious (N). One thousand thirty-seven (1037) adults (M age  = 36.34, SD = 12.62) participated online via Amazon’s Mechanical Turk as part of a larger study and complete...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 1, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

“Religious Belief”: An Undervalued Ethical Inclusion Criterion for Clinical Trials on Bone Grafting Procedures
AbstractThe aim of the present review was to assess randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on bone grafting procedures that included religious belief as an eligibility criterion. Indexed databases were searched up to and including February 2019 using different search strategies. In strategy 1, the following terms were used: (a) belief; (b) bone graft; (c) faith; (d) inclusion; (e) exclusion; (f) eligibility; (g) criteria; (h) randomized clinical trial; (i) religion; and (j) xenograft. In strategy 2, the following terms were used in addition to those used in strategy 1: Xenografts AND oral surgery OR xenografts AND maxillofaci...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - June 1, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Associations between Screen-Based Activity, Spiritual Well-Being, and Life Satisfaction among Adolescents
AbstractThe current study examined how screen-based activity is related to spiritual well-being and life satisfaction among  Czech adolescents, age ranged between 11 and 15 years. Results indicated that spending time on screen-based activities was predictive for spiritual well-being, but did not have a decisive effect on life satisfaction. We also found that spiritual well-being was significantly related to life satisf action. Findings suggest that we ought to pay more attention to the influence of time spending on screen-based activities on spiritual well-being among adolescents to promote positive youth develop...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 16, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

‘The Elephant on the Table’: Religious and Ethnic Diversity in Home Health Services
AbstractHealthcare services are increasingly being provided in the home. At the same time, these home contexts are changing as global migration has brought unprecedented diversity both in the recipients of care, and home health workers. In this paper, we present findings of a Canadian study that examined the negotiation of religious and ethnic plurality in home health. Qualitative analysis of the data from interviews and observations with 46 participants —clients, administrators, home healthcare workers—revealed how religion is expressed and ‘managed’ in home health services. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 16, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Identification of Concepts of Spiritual Care in Iranian  Peoples with Multiple Sclerosis: A Qualitative Study
This study aims at exploring and explaining dimensions of spiritual care for MS patients in care system of Iran. This study is conducted to explore the concept of spiritual care in care system of Iran during 2015 –2016. Purposive sampling is done on 25 participants through unstructured interviews and observation of obtained data through conventional content analysis approach. Four themes of participants’ experiences in spiritual care include restoration of identity essence and nature; disease as a factor for nearness to God; giving meaning to life; and disease as a facilitator for self-purification. Clear under...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 16, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Effect of Religion Intervention on Life Satisfaction and Depression in Elderly with Heart Failure
AbstractThe elderly suffering from heart failure is facing with some problems such as lowering of life satisfaction and depression. Regarding a lack of information in this issue, the current study was conducted to determine the effect of religion intervention on life satisfaction and depression in the elderly with heart failure, in Ilam-Iran. In a clinical trial study conducted on the elderly with heart failure disease in Ilam-Iran, the patients were randomly allocated into two experimental (46) and control (47) groups. The used instruments were a demographic checklist, life satisfaction questionnaire of LSI-Z and Beck dep...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 16, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Influence of Age, Gender and Religion on Willingness to be an Organ Donor: Experience of Religious Muslims Living in Sweden
Abstract The transplantation of organs is one of the most successful medical advances in recent decades, and transplantation is the treatment of choice for severe organ failure worldwide. Despite this situation and the general acknowledgment of organ donation (OD) as a global priority, the demand for organs outstrips the supply in virtually every country in the world. The study aims to elucidate whether age, gender and religion influence decision-making about organ donation in religious Muslims living in Sweden Data were collected through three group interviews using open-ended questions and qualitative content analysis....
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 16, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Muslim Traditional Healers in Accra, Ghana: Beliefs About and Treatment of Mental Disorders
We report on the beliefs about mental illness from the perspective of one category of alternative healers in Ghana —the Muslim faith healers. We also report on their methods of diagnoses and treatment for mental disorders. Results show that the healers’ beliefs about mental illness revolved around the notion ofJinn as causing most mental illness. Emerging themes are discussed with reference to their potential implications for patients ’ care and health-seeking behaviour. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 16, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Factors Affecting the Tendency of Cancer Patients for Religion and Spirituality: A Questionnaire-Based Study
AbstractThis descriptive, cross-sectional, and analytical study was carried out to identify the factors affecting the tendency of cancer patients for the religion and spirituality. The research was applied on a total of 800 individuals: 400 cancer patients under chemotherapy and 400 non-cancer individuals. Data were collected by personal information form, Ok-Religious Attitude Scale, and spiritual life questions. LISREL 8.7 program was run for the confirmatory factor analysis in order to evaluate the compliance of spiritual life questions. Data from Ok-Religious Attitude Scale and scores collected from spiritual life quest...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 16, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Methodology in Research on the Rainbow Body: Anthropological and Psychological Reflections on Death and Dying
AbstractThe rainbow body research project, engaging claims of spiritual attainment and personal transformation, enables us to examine key features of anthropological research. Engagement with communities of discourse exposed aspects of the artificial emic –etic divide, allowing the anthropological study of religion to advance methods in religious studies. The study of paranormal phenomena cannot be isolated from societal contextualization. In this instance, a study of death and dying, contextualized in a traditional community, required unique featu res of engagement for the researcher who would be present to the soci...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 16, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Marital Adjustment and Its Relationship with Religious Orientations Among Iranian Infertile and Fertile Women: A Cross-Sectional Study
This study aimed to determine the status of marital adjustment and its relationship with religious orientations in fertile and infertile women. This study was conducted on 160 infertile and 320 fertile Muslim Iranian women. There was significant difference in terms of marital adjustment in two groups. There was significant relationship between marital adjustments with intrinsic religious orientation in two groups; however, there was no significant relationship between marital adjustments with extrinsic religious orientation. The results suggest that intrinsic religious orientation is likely to increase marital adjustment i...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 16, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Beliefs About Etiology and Treatment of Mental Illness Among Korean Presbyterian Pastors
AbstractThis descriptive study explored pastors ’ beliefs about etiology and treatment of mental illness. Surveys were completed by mail by 202 Korean and Euro-American Presbyterian clergy. Nearly one-third of Korean pastors viewed bad parenting and demon possession as very important causes of mental illness, in contrast to the more than two-th irds of Euro-American pastors who viewed genetics and chemical imbalances as the most important causes. Compared with their Euro-American counterparts, Korean pastors soundly endorsed spiritual treatment of mental illness. The findings of this study suggest the value of unders...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 16, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Influence of Palliative Care Training on Last-Year Nursing Department Students ’ Perception on Regarding Spirituality and Spiritual Care: A Single-Group Pretest–Posttest Intervention Study
AbstractSpiritual care is a part of integrated care and should not be considered as a separate aspect of palliative care. Spirituality is seen as a requirement that must be met for all patients. The aim of this study is to determine the influence of palliative care on the perception levels of student nurses regarding spirituality and spiritual care. The research was carried out as a single-group pretest –posttest intervention study. The study was conducted with 70 student nurses. Data were collected via personal information form and spirituality and spiritual care grading scale (SSCGS). Frequency, percentage, av...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 16, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

‘I Do Not Exist’: Pathologies of Self Among Western Buddhists
AbstractThis paper presents a clinical case involving a patient suffering ‘depersonalisation’ who had a psychotic episode at a Buddhist retreat. Recent writing on possible psychological risks of meditation has discussed problems of depersonalisation associated with misunderstandings of the Buddhist conception of non-self (an ātman) and emptiness (śūnyatā). Drawing on the work of Winnicott and Bion, this article helps us to realise some of what is at stake in the failure to achieve and maintain an effective sense of self. What does Buddhist talk of non-self really mean? What conditions enable a creatively en...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 16, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Evaluation of Distress and Religious Coping Among Cancer Patients in Turkey
This study was conducted as descriptive design. It was determined that 60.7% of the patients experienced distress related to the disease. The field of problem from which the patients mostly experienced distress was physical problems. It was observed that positive coping scores of the patients were higher. There was a negative correlation between their mean scores for positive religious styles and distress total scores. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 16, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Editor ’s Introduction for Special Section: Mental Health, The Mind and Consciousness—Tibetan and Western Approaches
(Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 16, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Breastfeeding as a Fundamental Islamic Human Right
AbstractThe argument inherent in this paper is that the religious beliefs and values system deeply shape Muslims ’ breastfeeding culture and that mapping the religious ideals of Islam is essential given the potential inroads it offers toward enhanced neonatal, prenatal and pediatric practices, as well as the mitigation of malpractice or cultural inhibitors. This paper discusses the Muslim religious, moral an d spiritual understanding of breastfeeding as a basic natural right while exploring the peculiar perspectives of Islamic law and ethics on the matter, in an effort to present a relevant coherent overview. This re...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 15, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Relationship Between Spiritual Health and Pain Self-Efficacy in patients with Chronic Pain: A Cross-Sectional Study in West of Iran
This study was a descriptive cross-sectional study in the group of patients with chronic pain (CP). In this study, the study population was patients with CP in Ilam City and the study sample was 150 patients with CP referring to public and private health centers in Ilam, which had all the criteria for participation in the study . The findings showed mean (SD) of the total score of SH variables was 65.16 (9.88), and PSE was 34.48 (4.08). According to Pearson statistical analysis, there is a significant relationship between SH and PSE (r = 0.442,P = 0.000). Also, the standard beta and non-standard...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 13, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Prayer Moderating Job Stress Among Muslim Nursing Staff at the University of Malaya Medical Centre (UMMC)
This study examines howSalat (prayer) in Islam moderates the relationship between job stress and life satisfaction among Muslim nursing staff. The researchers sampled 335 nursing staff employed at the University of Malaya Medical Centre in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Their ages ranged from 21 to 60  years. The findings indicate the job stress was associated negatively with life satisfaction; there is a strong positive and significant correlation, respectively, betweenSalat and life satisfaction and thatSalat reduces stress and increases the life satisfaction of Muslim nurses. Thus,Salat has a moderating effect on job stre...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 11, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Effect of Hajj Trip on Mental Health: A Longitudinal Study
AbstractHajj is a spiritual journey and religious ritual which is performed every year. Here, we evaluate the psychological effect of the Hajj. Using General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) questionnaire with 28 questions, the mental health of the pilgrims was assessed before and after the journey. A total of 154 people were questioned, 72 pilgrims (47%) were male. The mean GHQ score of participants before the journey was 50.1 and after the journey was 49.5 (P = 0.248). The results of analysis of variance and generalized estimating equation indicated that the GHQ scores had no significant difference before and aft...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 9, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

The Right to Use Kratom from the Psychiatric and Islamic Perspectives
AbstractThis paper aimed to summarize kratom ’s psychological effects on users and the Islamic views on kratom use. A literature survey of published kratom studies, teachings based on the holy Qur’an, the Sunnah, and views of several Islamic scholars based on qualitative methodology through text analysis was conducted. The results demonstr ated that despite its beneficial therapeutic effects, the harm induced by kratom outweighs its benefits. We concluded that kratom use for medicinal purposes is only warranted if useful constituent mitragynine can be extracted and used on its own, and if more rigorous human st...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 8, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Prayer in Marriage to Improve Wellness: Relationship Quality and Cardiovascular Functioning
This study examined daily partner-focused petitionary prayer (PFPP) on relationship communication and quality as well as novel indices of cardiovascular functioning in a sample of 90 adults. PFPP was compared to waitlist and meditation conditions over a 4-week period. Aortic hemodynamics via pulse wave analysis were assessed before and after the intervention. Factorial repeated measures analyses indicated that for those in the prayer condition, there were significant improvements in coronary perfusion, decreased left ventricular work, and increased coronary blood flow. Additionally, the perceived positive aspects of one &r...
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 7, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Effect of Therapeutic Touch on Sleep Quality in Elders Living at Nursing Homes
This study was carried out to investigate the effect of therapeutic touch on sleep quality in the elderly people living in the nursing homes. The study is a randomized controlled experimental study (pretest –posttest control group). The sample of the research consisted of 25 elderly people. As a result of the study, although there was a significant increase (p   0.05). Therapeutic touch is an effective method of improving the sleep quality of the elders living at a nursing home. (Source: Journal of Religion and Health)
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - May 6, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research