They ’re Healthy. They’re Sustainable. So Why Don’t Humans Eat More Bugs?

Sylvain Hugel is one of the world’s foremost experts on crickets of the Indian Ocean Islands. So when he received an email from a fellow entomologist in March 2017 asking for help identifying a species in Madagascar that could be farmed for humans to consume, he thought it was a joke. “I’m working to protect those insects, not eat them,” the French academic responded tartly. But the emails from Brian Fisher, an ant specialist at the California Academy of Sciences, in San Francisco, kept coming. Fisher had been doing fieldwork in Madagascar when he realized that the forests where both he and Hugel conducted much of their research were disappearing. Nearly 80% of Madagascar’s forest coverage has been destroyed since the 1950s, and 1-2% of what remains is cut down each year as farmers clear more trees to make room for livestock. The only way to prevent this, Fisher told Hugel in his emails, was to give locals an alternative source of protein. “If you want to be able to keep studying your insects, we need to increase food security, otherwise there will be no forest left,” Fisher wrote. His proposal was insect protein. More than two-thirds of Madagascar’s population already eat insects in some form, usually as a seasonal snack. If there were a way to turn that occasional snack into a regular meal by making it easily available, it could help ease pressure on the island’s threatened forests. Crickets, which are high in protein...
Source: TIME: Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Evergreen feature Londontime longform overnight Sustainability TIME 2030 Source Type: news

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¿Qué nos puede enseñar una mangosta con tuberculosis acerca de cómo se propagan las enfermedades humanas? English version: What can a mongoose with tuberculosis teach us about how human diseases spread?This is an NSF Multimedia Gallery item.
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - Category: Science Source Type: video
Introduction
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
Tuberculosis (TB) caused by the pathogenic agent of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), remains a major global health threat. There were approximate 10 million new TB cases and 1.40 million deaths in the world in 2018 (World Health Organization, 2019). Moreover, about half a million of new cases were rifampicin-resistant TB, of which 78% had multidrug-resistant (MDR) TB (World Health Organization, 2019). Although the treatment success rate can reach up to 85% after standard 2HRZE/4HR (a 2-month intensive phase of isoniazid (H), rifampin (R), pyrazinamide (Z), and ethambutol (E), followed by a 4-month continuation phase of ri...
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
Conditions:   Tuberculosis, Pulmonary;   Helminthiasis;   Malnutrition Intervention:   Sponsors:   Boston Medical Center;   Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education&Research Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Condition:   Active Tuberculosis Intervention:   Diagnostic Test: Next Generation Sequencing Sponsors:   University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland;   Fachhochschule Nordwestschweiz Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   Tuberculosis;   Diagnoses Disease Intervention:   Sponsors:   Barcelona Institute for Global Health;   Makerere University;   Amsterdam Institute for Global Health and Development;   Centro de Investigacao em Saude de Manhica;   Baylor Eswatini Clinical Centre of Excellence (COE);   Research Center Borstel;   Fundação Manhiça;   Bay lor College of Medicine Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   Tuberculosis, Pulmonary;   Helminthiasis;   Malnutrition Intervention:   Sponsors:   Boston Medical Center;   Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education&Research Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Condition:   Active Tuberculosis Intervention:   Diagnostic Test: Next Generation Sequencing Sponsors:   University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland;   Fachhochschule Nordwestschweiz Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
A Correction to this paper has been published: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00467-020-04893-w
Source: Pediatric Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
AbstractThe risk of tuberculosis (TB) disease is increased in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD), even higher in stage 5 CKD/kidney failure and especially high after kidney transplantation due to immunosuppression. TB disease may follow recent primary infection, or result from reactivation of latent infection. Reactivation is more common in adults, while progression following primary infection makes up a greater proportion of disease in children. Recommendations for preventing TB disease in some low TB incidence countries have previously included offering Bacillus Calmette-Gu érin (BCG) vaccine to all childr...
Source: Pediatric Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
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