Pandemic Accentuates Need for Caribbean Countries to Improve Food and Nutrition Security
Jaxine Scott displays some vegetables in her backyard garden at her Kingston, Jamaica home. Credit: Kate ChappellBy Kate ChappellKINGSTON, Jamaica, Apr 2 2021 (IPS) Last year, Jaxine Scott was off work as a caregiver at a primary school as a result of the pandemic. One day, she noticed a green shoot emerging from some garlic in her fridge. She decided to plant it, and to her surprise, it thrived. “I thought ‘It looks like I have a green thumb, let me plant something else,’” Scott says. She now has a backyard garden, including cucumber, pumpkin, melon, callaloo, cantaloupe, pak choy and tomatoes. &ld...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - April 2, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Kate Chappell Tags: Development & Aid Economy & Trade Featured Food & Agriculture Food Security and Nutrition Food Sustainability Headlines Health Humanitarian Emergencies Labour Latin America & the Caribbean TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news

The Thursday Throng
‘Throng’ n. – A multitude of persons or of living beings pressing or pressed into a close body or assemblage; a crowd. This section of my website is called The Thursday Throng in honour of the throng that waits eagerly at the bookshop door when a new author book signing or speaking. It takes the form of a ‘Meet the Author’ online event with some information about our author’s latest book and an interview. Some authors also offered giveaways of their books and others have reviews I’ve written posted on Amazon (UK and US) and Goodreads. Past Thursday Throng Author Interviews 2018 ...
Source: The Hysterectomy Association - March 26, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Linda Parkinson-Hardman Tags: Creativity author interview Source Type: news

High blood pressure: Experts advise daily tomato juices to help lower your readings
HIGH blood pressure is a health condition directly correlating to how one lives their life. A diet high in salt and processed foods will make it far worse. However, by making the appropriate changes such as daily tomato juice, you can significantly lower your risk. (Source: Daily Express - Health)
Source: Daily Express - Health - March 8, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

They ’re Healthy. They’re Sustainable. So Why Don’t Humans Eat More Bugs?
Sylvain Hugel is one of the world’s foremost experts on crickets of the Indian Ocean Islands. So when he received an email from a fellow entomologist in March 2017 asking for help identifying a species in Madagascar that could be farmed for humans to consume, he thought it was a joke. “I’m working to protect those insects, not eat them,” the French academic responded tartly. But the emails from Brian Fisher, an ant specialist at the California Academy of Sciences, in San Francisco, kept coming. Fisher had been doing fieldwork in Madagascar when he realized that the forests where both he and Hugel c...
Source: TIME: Science - February 26, 2021 Category: Science Authors: Aryn Baker Tags: Uncategorized Evergreen feature Londontime longform overnight Sustainability TIME 2030 Source Type: news

High blood pressure: Unsalted tomato juice keeps the heart healthy and lowers reading
HIGH blood pressure is a condition which is directly linked to one's diet and lifestyle. Drinking unsalted tomato juice could help lower a person's reading as it helps to keep the heart healthy. (Source: Daily Express - Health)
Source: Daily Express - Health - February 21, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Silencing the alarm
(Penn State) Like a scene from a horror movie, tomato fruitworm caterpillars silence their food plants' cries for help as they devour their leaves. That is the finding of a multidisciplinary team of researchers, who said the results may yield insights into the abilities of crop plants -- such as tomato and soybean -- to withstand additional stressors, like climate change. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - February 17, 2021 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Dietitian gives the lowdown on the healthiest tinned beans in the supermarket 
The tomato sauce provides lycopene (linked with lower risk of heart disease and stroke). But not all cans are equal. Here, a dietitian selects five of the healthiest. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - February 16, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Diabetes type 2: Tomato juice and black tea help to lower blood sugars
DIABETES type 2 is strongly impacted by what foods and drinks a person consumes. What are the best and worst drinks for blood sugar levels? (Source: Daily Express - Health)
Source: Daily Express - Health - February 9, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

'You say tomato, I say genomics': Genome sequences for two wild tomato ancestors
(University of Tsukuba) A research team led by University of Tsukuba has produced genome sequences for two wild species of tomato from South America, ancestors of the cultivated tomato. The ancestral species contain thousands of genes that are not present in modern types. The novel genes will help plant breeders produce new tomatoes with features like improved disease resistance, increased tolerance for the changing climate, and improved flavor and shelf-life. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - January 27, 2021 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Here's some happy gardening news: Tomatomania is back with hundreds of tomato choices
Tomatomania, Southern California's harbinger of spring gardening for the last 30 years, is back with a traveling show of more than 200 tomato varieties. (Source: L.A. Times - Health)
Source: L.A. Times - Health - January 23, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Jeanette Marantos Source Type: news

Type 2 diabetes: Oranges and tomatoes key in managing blood sugar levels
TYPE 2 diabetes can feel like a minefield - what can you and can't you eat to get that delicate blood sugar level right? Dr Sarah Brewer exclusively revealed two food items to be adding into your shopping trolley. (Source: Daily Express - Health)
Source: Daily Express - Health - January 16, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

US bans all cotton and tomato products from Xinjiang over slave labor
(Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - January 13, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Seeding the Ocean: Inside a Michelin-Starred Chef ’s Revolutionary Quest to Harvest Rice From the Sea
There are very few things that Ángel León hasn’t done with the fruits of the sea. In 2008, as a young, unknown chef, he took a loin from one fish and attached it to the loin of another, using collagen to bind the two proteins together. He called them hybrids and served them to unsuspecting diners at Aponiente, his restaurant in the southern Spanish port town of El Puerto de Santa María, just across the bay from Cádiz. He discovered that fish eyes, cooked at 55°C in a thermal circulator until the gelatin collapsed, made excellent thickening agents for umami-rich sauces. Next he found th...
Source: TIME: Science - January 9, 2021 Category: Science Authors: Matt Goulding Tags: Uncategorized climate change feature longform Magazine Source Type: news

Environment department scientist calls for biotechnology debate
Gideon Henderson says debate needed on GM crops and gene editing of plants and animalsGideon Henderson, chief scientist at the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, believes the time is ripe for a new public debate on biotechnology, thescience of manipulating genes in crops and animals.“The last time we had anextensive public discussion was in the 1990s, ” he notes. Then, public outrage at the idea of ‘Frankenfoods’ centred on fears of what might result from newly available techniques that allowed the introduction of genes from one species into a completely different species. Lurid sto...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - January 7, 2021 Category: Science Authors: Fiona Harvey Tags: GM Gene editing Environment Farming Genetics Biology Science UK news Source Type: news

Tiny tomato suppressor
(Source: ScienceNOW)
Source: ScienceNOW - January 7, 2021 Category: Science Authors: Ash, C. Tags: twil Source Type: news

Tomato's wild ancestor is a genomic reservoir for plant breeders
(Boyce Thompson Institute) Today's tomatoes are larger and easier to farm than their wild ancestor, but they also are less resistant to disease and environmental stresses like drought and salty soil. Researchers from Boyce Thompson Institute created a high-quality genome for the ancestor, discovering structural variants that are involved in fruit flavor, size and ripening, stress tolerance and disease resistance. Plant breeders could use the resource to develop tomatoes that taste better, are more nutritious and more resilient. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - December 1, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

I-Team: Restaurant On Brink Of Closing After Loan Held Up By Clerical Error
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Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - November 25, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: CBS Boston Tags: Boston News Business I-Team Syndicated Local Cheryl Fiandaca Coronavirus Source Type: news

Zimbabwe: Tomato Leaf Miner Pest Threatens Crop Production
[The Herald] Farmers in various parts of the country are struggling to control and eliminate the Tuta absoluta pest, commonly known as tomato leaf miner which tunnels through leaves, threatening tomato production and trade. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - November 5, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Plants communicate at a molecular level
(University of Erlangen-Nuremberg) Working together with researchers from the University of T ü bingen, the University of Troms ø , the UC Davis and the Sainsbury Laboratory in Norwich, biologists from Friedrich-Alexander Universit ä t Erlangen-N ü rnberg (FAU) have discovered how tomato plants identify Cuscuta as a parasite. The plant has a protein in its cell walls that is identified as 'foreign' by a receptor in the tomato. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - November 4, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Parents place children on risky exclusion diets due to mistaken belief they could beat allergies
Researchers blame bogus allergy tests that claim childhood eczema and asthma can be beaten by avoiding foods such as tomatoes, strawberries and milk. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - September 19, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Those who won't wear masks put us all at risk, but confrontation is not the answer | Eleanor Morgan
It ’s easy to feel angry towards those who don’t follow Covid-19 guidelines. Yet empathy is the key to changing people’s minds“I have asthma by the way,” a woman announced to me in my local cornershop this week. I hadn’t noticed her. She wasn’t wearing a mask; I was. “It’s OK!” I said, without a beat. She replied: “Just saying before you told me off for not having a mask.”I wanted to avoid conflict in a small space. In truth, I panic seeing uncovered faces in shops. I, too, have asthma, but in my experience, wearing a mask for three minutes to buy tinn...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - September 17, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Eleanor Morgan Tags: Coronavirus outbreak Infectious diseases Science Psychology Medical research UK news Society Source Type: news

Mutant tomato helps to crack the secrets of fruiting
(University of Tsukuba) Researchers from the University of Tsukuba have found that fruit development in tomatoes rewires their central metabolism. The plant hormone gibberellin, which regulates major parts of plant development, triggers the process of fruiting. Using a mutant strain of tomato that is highly sensitive to gibberellin, the study showed that the central metabolism pathway in tomatoes was consistently rewired via gibberellin activity. These results could lead to new production strategies, such as breeding seedless fruit. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - September 10, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Newly identified gene grants tomatoes resistance to bacterial speck disease
(Boyce Thompson Institute) Bacterial speck disease, which reduces both fruit yield and quality, has been a growing problem in tomatoes over the last five years. Because the culpable bacterium, Pseudomonas syringae, prefers a cool and wet climate, crops in places such as New York State have been particularly susceptible. Researchers at the Boyce Thompson Institute have uncovered the first known gene to impart resistance to a particular strain of the bacterium that causes speck disease. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - September 2, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Tomato gardeners: The latest victim in the government's war on drugs
(Natural News) A journal entry from a California resident describes the government’s aerial searches for marijuana plants: (Article by John Whitehead republished from Rutherford.org)  They came again this morning at about 8:00 o’clock. A large cargo-type helicopter flew low over the cabin, shaking it on its very foundations. It shook all of us inside, too.... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - August 29, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Pesticide usage and occupational hazards among farmers working in small-scale tomato farms in Cameroon - Tambe AB, Mbanga BMR, Nzefa DL, Nama MG.
BACKGROUND: Agriculture is undoubtedly the backbone of the Cameroonian economy, and other economic activities thrive only if production in this sector is assured. It has been estimated that approximately 25 million agricultural workers worldwide experience... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 22, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Home and Consumer Product Safety Source Type: news

The flax wilt agent has been sequenced
(St. Petersburg State University) Fusarium wilt is a nasty but common disease affecting economically important crops such as banana, cotton, flax, canola, melons, onions, potato and tomato. The release of the complete genome sequence is a milestone in comparative genomics studies of fungal parasites; it contributes to the global efforts aimed at elimination of plant disease outbreaks by aiding in engineering of new resistant crops varieties. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - August 14, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Cell-cell adhesion in plant grafting is facilitated by {beta}-1,4-glucanases
Plant grafting is conducted for fruit and vegetable propagation, whereby a piece of living tissue is attached to another through cell-cell adhesion. However, graft compatibility limits combinations to closely related species, and the mechanism is poorly understood. We found that Nicotiana is capable of graft adhesion with a diverse range of angiosperms. Comparative transcriptomic analyses on graft combinations indicated that a subclade of β-1,4-glucanases secreted into the extracellular region facilitates cell wall reconstruction near the graft interface. Grafting was promoted by overexpression of the β-1,4-gluca...
Source: ScienceNOW - August 5, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Notaguchi, M., Kurotani, K.-i., Sato, Y., Tabata, R., Kawakatsu, Y., Okayasu, K., Sawai, Y., Okada, R., Asahina, M., Ichihashi, Y., Shirasu, K., Suzuki, T., Niwa, M., Higashiyama, T. Tags: Botany reports Source Type: news

Cameroon: Tomato Farmers Count Losses to Wild Weather and Lockdown
[Thomson Reuters Foundation] Yaounde -- Too little rainfall and then too much has paired with coronavirus impacts in Central Africa, leaving growers struggling (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - August 4, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: news

7 easy summer recipes that celebrate farm-fresh fruits and vegetables
Ahhh, summer! As the season approaches, I look forward to getting my fill of local succulent strawberries and blueberries, tender asparagus, tasty tomatoes, juicy peaches and watermelon and sweet summer corn. (Source: CNN.com - Health)
Source: CNN.com - Health - July 23, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Arthritis and tomatoes: Why are tomatoes bad for arthritis? Truth exposed
TOMATOES AND ARTHRITIS don't mix, apparently. Why are tomatoes bad for arthritis? (Source: Daily Express - Health)
Source: Daily Express - Health - July 18, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

From farm to fork: The women championing agricultural transformation in Africa
By African Development BankJun 11 2020 (IPS-Partners) From Sudan to Mali, Senegal to Mozambique, and Zambia to Mauritania, women are changing the face of agriculture, adapting and innovating to tackle the challenges of climate change, and feeding the continent’s growing population. African women are actors along the entire agricultural value chain, as farmers, livestock breeders, food processors, traders, farm workers, entrepreneurs and consumers. Through the African Development Bank’s Technologies for African Transformation (TAAT) initiative, millions of African women have gained access to new agricultural te...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - June 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: African Development Bank Tags: Food & Agriculture Health Women & Economy Source Type: news

Malawi ’s COVID-19 Cash Transfer Almost Ready But Election Fever may Prevent Lockdown
Malawi’s small scale traders selling their merchandise at Limbe market in Blantyre. Credit: Lameck Masina/IPS By Lameck MasinaBLANTYRE, Malawi, Jun 11 2020 (IPS) Malawi remains one of the few nations in the world that has not gone into a coronavirus lockdown as the government rushes to meet the conditions of a court order to implement a cash transfer scheme for the poor before doing so. But as some parts of the world are slowing coming out of their lockdowns, it could be likely this southern African nation won’t go into one as the rerun of the country’s presidential election nears.  On Apr. 27, ...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - June 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Lameck Masina Tags: Africa Aid Development & Aid Editors' Choice Featured Headlines Health Human Rights Population Poverty & SDGs Regional Categories TerraViva United Nations Cash Transfers Coronavirus COVID-19 Elections Malawi Source Type: news

Late blight research pairs spectroscopy with classic plant pathology diagnostics
(American Phytopathological Society) Gold and colleagues at the University of Wisconsin-Madison recently published research showing how they used contact spectroscopy to non-destructively sense how plant pathogens differentially damage, impair, and alter plant traits during the course of infection. This research centered on late blight of potato and tomato. The hyperspectral sensors Gold and colleagues used measure light reflectance in the visible to shortwave infrared range of the electromagnetic spectrum- 7x more wavelengths than the human eye can see. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - June 9, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

For Tasty Tomatoes, Either the Fridge or the Counter Is OK: Study
SATURDAY, June 6, 2020 -- How you store your tomatoes doesn't affect the flavor -- what really matters is the type of tomato you choose, researchers say. A team from the University of G öttingen in Germany investigated the differences in flavor of... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - June 6, 2020 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

In the face of so much sorrow, we turn to gardens and plants for a sliver of hope
Many of us grieving about the state of the world — illness, injustice, inequities — are turning to our victory gardens, or the potted tomatoes and basil on our balconies or patios, for the tiny moments of respite they provide. (Source: L.A. Times - Health)
Source: L.A. Times - Health - June 5, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Jeanette Marantos Source Type: news

Should tomatoes go in the fridge?
(University of G ö ttingen) There is much debate about the correct storage of tomatoes. Should tomatoes be in the fridge or kept at room temperature? Researchers from the University of G ö ttingen investigated whether there are differences in the flavor of ripe tomatoes depending on how they are stored, taking into account the chain of harvesting from farm to fork. No difference was found: the variety of tomato is much more important. The results appeared in Frontiers in Plant Science. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - May 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Recipe: Asparagus, tomato and red pepper French bread pizza
Are you craving the taste of a pizza but not the guilt and all the calories?Consider trying this healthy remake of French bread pizza that could turn into your new favorite Friday night treat. It's easy, delicious and approx. 265 calories per slice. Dietitian's note: For a crispier pizza, bake on a pizza stone -- [...] (Source: News from Mayo Clinic)
Source: News from Mayo Clinic - May 14, 2020 Category: Databases & Libraries Source Type: news

Ronald Reagan ’s Secret Cancer Cure
There’s no faster way to purify your body of viruses, bacteria and fungi — and at the same time ramp up your immune system — than a 125-year-old “cure” banned by the FDA. I’m talking about ozone therapy — and it’s not just good for cleansing your body. You see, ozone — a special “energized” kind of oxygen — can help heal almost any condition. Despite being banned by the FDA back in the 1940s, after more than 60 years of successful use, ozone therapy has saved millions of lives in countries where it has become a commonplace medical treatment. In count...
Source: Al Sears, MD Natural Remedies - May 12, 2020 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Dr.A.Sears Tags: Health Source Type: news

New dataset helps tomato growers reduce spread of bacterial canker
(American Phytopathological Society) A group of plant pathologists, primarily based at the University of California, Davis, became interested in studying Clavibacter when extension agents brought in diseased samples. In particular, they wanted to develop a diagnostic platform that could specifically detect the tomato pathogen, as some strains of Clavibacter do not cause disease. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - May 11, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Beat the Common Cold
Researchers in Canada and China are testing a powerful immune booster that provides broad-spectrum protection against the common cold and a number of viruses including SARS, Ebola and H1N1. They’re currently running clinical trials to prove its effectiveness against coronavirus. I’m talking about quercetin – a powerful antioxidant that is already available as a supplement. Previous research shows that quercetin’s antiviral capacity works in three ways. Quercetin can: Stop the virus from infecting cells Reduce the reproduction of cells that are already infected And reduce infected cells resistance t...
Source: Al Sears, MD Natural Remedies - May 6, 2020 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Dr.A.Sears Tags: Health Source Type: news

$3 million NSF grant supports search for heat-tolerant tomatoes
(Wake Forest University) When your tomato plants won't bear fruit during the dog days of summer, a team of Wake Forest researchers led by Gloria Muday will be in the lab, trying to find a plant that thrives despite the heat. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - April 20, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Are Taste Preferences Genetic?
Discussion Taste or gustation is the sensation of taste and is a primary human sense. There are 5 basic tastes currently accepted including sweet, sour, bitter, salty and umami or savory. There is also some data for distinct tastes of fats (called oleogustus) or complex carbohydrates. Taste buds in the oral cavity are the primary chemoreceptors of whether or not to allow a substance into our bodies. Taste receptors are also found in the gastrointestinal tract and are involved in gut sensing. Flavor and taste are not the same although in general everyday language people use them interchangeably. Flavor is “… t...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - April 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pediatric Education Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

Why starchy processed food causes us to overeat, gain weight and become ill
In “Fast Carbs, Slow Carbs,” author David Kessler explains how we need to switch to fresh fruits, cruciferous vegetables, tomatoes and legumes. (Source: Washington Post: To Your Health)
Source: Washington Post: To Your Health - April 11, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Marlene Cimons Source Type: news

Florida farmers left with mountains of unsold food as coronavirus scrambles supply chain
(Natural News) Farmers in Florida are seeing mounds of fresh produce rot in fields as the coronavirus outbreak wreaks havoc on supply chains. The closure of restaurants, schools and theme parks nationwide due to the coronavirus outbreak has left farmers scrambling to figure out how to sell their harvest. Florida is America’s leader in harvesting tomatoes, green beans,... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - April 10, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Wild tomato resistance to bacterial canker has implications for commercial tomato industry
(American Phytopathological Society) Bacterial canker is caused by the pathogen Clavibacter michiganensis, which infects commercially bred tomatoes by colonizing the xylem, a series of tubes that transports water and minerals throughout the plant. There are no commercially available tomatoes resistant to bacterial canker and management options are limited. However, breeders have known that wild tomato species are less susceptible to bacterial canker, but this knowledge is limited. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - April 7, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Image of the Day: Tomato Domestication
Scientists identify a transcription factor that plays a key role in increased fruit size. (Source: The Scientist)
Source: The Scientist - March 30, 2020 Category: Science Tags: Image of the Day Source Type: news

How Can You Safely Grocery Shop in the Time of Coronavirus? Here ’s What Experts Suggest
As coronavirus spreads globally, grocery shopping has become one of the most anxiety-producing but necessary activities for millions of people around the world. With many governments enforcing shelter-in-place orders in an attempt to stem the spread of COVID-19, the disease caused by the novel coronavirus, heading to the store for food and essential supplies has become one of the only times many people leave their homes. Prepping for the trip can feel overwhelming: Should you wear gloves or a mask? Should you wipe down that tomato? What’s the safest way to pay? To answer these questions and more, TIME reached out to ...
Source: TIME: Health - March 27, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Madeleine Carlisle Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 News Desk Source Type: news

Peptide signaling for drought-induced tomato flower drop
The premature abscission of flowers and fruits limits crop yield under environmental stress. Drought-induced flower drop in tomato plants was found to be regulated by phytosulfokine (PSK), a peptide hormone previously known for its growth-promoting and immune-modulating activities. PSK formation in response to drought stress depends on phytaspase 2, a subtilisin-like protease of the phytaspase subtype that generates the peptide hormone by aspartate-specific processing of the PSK precursor in the tomato flower pedicel. The mature peptide acts in the abscission zone where it induces expression of cell wall hydrolases that ex...
Source: ScienceNOW - March 25, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Reichardt, S., Piepho, H.- P., Stintzi, A., Schaller, A. Tags: Botany, Ecology reports Source Type: news

Fall precipitation predicts abundance of curly top disease and guides weed management
(American Phytopathological Society) Transmitted by an insect known as the beet leafhopper, curly top disease is a viral disease affecting many crops, including melons, peppers, sugar beets, and tomatoes. Curly top can kill or stunt the plants or result in poorly developed fruit or no fruit at all. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - March 12, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Virginia Tech, University of Virginia work to safeguard US tomato industry
(Virginia Tech) Virginia Tech entomologist Muni Muniappan has warned of Tuta absoluta's likely arrival into the United States since he began monitoring the pest's spread throughout Africa in 2012. Thanks to a joint grant from the US Department of Agriculture, Muniappan's team and collaborators will be able to model the pest's entry into the United States -- protecting the country's billion-dollar tomato industry -- before irreparable damage is caused. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - March 4, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news