RSNA 2019 AI Round-Up

Shah Islam Hugh Harvey By HUGH HARVEY, MBBS and SHAH ISLAM, MBBS AI in medical imaging entered the consciousness of radiologists just a few years ago, notably peaking in 2016 when Geoffrey Hinton declared radiologists’ time was up, swiftly followed by the first AI startups booking exhibiting booths at RSNA. Three years on, the sheer number and scale of AI-focussed offerings has gathered significant pace, so much so that this year a decision was made by the RSNA organising committee to move the ever-growing AI showcase to a new space located in the lower level of the North Hall. In some ways it made sense to offer a larger, dedicated show hall to this expanding field, and in others, not so much. With so many startups, wiggle room for booths was always going to be an issue, however integration of AI into the workflow was supposed to be a key theme this year, made distinctly futile by this purposeful and needless segregation. By moving the location, the show hall for AI startups was made more difficult to find, with many vendors verbalising how their natural booth footfall was not as substantial as last year when AI was upstairs next to the big-boy OEM players. One witty critic quipped that the only way to find it was to ‘follow the smell of burning VC money, down to the basement’. Indeed, at a conference where the average step count for the week can easily hit 30 miles or over, adding in an extra few minutes walk may well have put some of the less ...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Artificial Intelligence Health Tech Start-Ups AI Hugh Harvey Radiology RSNA RSNA 2019 RSNA19 Shah Islam Source Type: blogs

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This study revealed that pre-emulsification can restrict the fat accumulation and adjust the texture of processed cheese. And the results of this study will help us understand the effects of pre-emulsification on processed cheese.
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to examine the safety and functional properties of Staphylococcus simulans PMRS35 isolated from Budu. This strain possessed good lipase activity and moderate protease activity, tolerated 25% of salt, and did not exhibit decarboxylase activity. In addition, this strain displayed not only negative results towards pathogenic genes, hemolytic activity, and biofilm formation ability but also sensitivity to conventional antibiotics which included chloramphenicol, vancomycin, erythromycin, tetracycline, and gentamycin. Most importantly, the isolate maintained its viability towards simulated gastroi...
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
This study investigated the stability, survival rate, colony release and pH/sugar content of free and microencapsulated probiotic cells in orange juice. Seven types of herbal-based hydrogels (alginate-Persian Gum (PG)) were mixed with various prebiotic (fructooligosaccharides (FOS), and inulin) concentrations and then were used for microencapsulation of Lactococcus lactis ABRIINW-N19 by extrusion method. All formulations showed high encapsulation efficiency (≥98.4%) and acceptable viability of probiotic cells in simulated digestive conditions (≥61%) compared to free cells. All gel formulations showed high stability o...
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
This study determined the bio-control efficacy of Pichia anomala alone and supplemented with 1% chitosan in the grapes against blue mold disease. The result showed that chitosan (1%) better induced the bio-control efficacy of P. anomala. P. anomala supplemented with 1% w/v chitosan significantly reduced the disease incidence, lesion diameter and natural decay of grapes without affecting the fruit quality compared to the control. In addition it enhanced the activities of disease defence related enzymes like ascorbate peroxidase (APX) and chitinase (CHI); and decreased the formation of malondialdehyde (MDA) and hydrogen pero...
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
This study examined for the first time the effect on malolactic fermentation of an autochthonous Oenococcus oeni PG-16, which was isolated following alcohol fermentation of red-fleshed apple cider. The chemical composition and volatile characteristics of red-fleshed apple ciders produced via simultaneous and sequential inoculation of yeast with either PG-16 or a commercial O. oeni 1 strain were examined. The fermentations were monitored by measuring cell viability and organic acid metabolism. Irrespective of the inoculation mode, malic acid and citric acid were rapidly degraded in the presence of PG-16 during alcoholic fer...
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2020Source: International Journal of Gastronomy and Food ScienceAuthor(s): Máirtín Mac Con Iomaire
Source: International Journal of Gastronomy and Food Science - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 February 2020Source: Food HydrocolloidsAuthor(s): Bowen Yan, Xidong Jiao, Huaping Zhu, Qian Wang, Jianlian Huang, Jianxin Zhao, Hongwei Cao, Wenguo Zhou, Wenhai Zhang, Weijian Ye, Hao Zhang, Daming FanAbstractThe present study was conducted to elucidate the gelation mechanism of surimi protein-fish oil composite gels heated by microwave. Changes in chemical interactions, secondary structures, protein profiles and microwave-absorbing ability were investigated. The results clearly indicated that microwave heating could markedly (P 
Source: Food Hydrocolloids - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 February 2020Source: Food HydrocolloidsAuthor(s): Xuhui Kan, Yamei Yan, Linwu Ran, Lu Lu, Jia Mi, Zhijuan Zhang, Xiaoying Li, Xiaoxiong Zeng, Youlong CaoAbstractZeaxanthin dipalmitate (ZD) is the main constituent of carotenoids in the fully ripe fruits of Lycium barbarum. In the present study, the effect of the unsaturation degree of oil on the bioaccessibility of ZD in oil-in-water (O/W) emulsions and the bioaccessibility of ZD in the mixture of L. barbarum fruit (LF) and emulsion (LF-E) were investigated. The coarse O/W emulsions were prepared with 5 wt% oil phase and 95 wt% aqueous ...
Source: Food Hydrocolloids - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
We report a case of a fatal Strongyloides stercoralis hyperinfection syndrome (SHS) in a migrant from Kenya, who had been living in Germany for three decades. A short-course oral steroid treatment for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (COPD) exacerbation had been administered four weeks prior to the presentation. The initial clinical and radiological findings suggested a mechanical small bowel obstruction as a cause of ileus. Our case highlights the importance of maintaining a high index of suspicion for strongyloidiasis in patients from endemic areas even years after they left the country of origin. It demonstrates that ev...
Source: Parasitology International - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Antenatal detection of corpus callosum hypoplasia remains challenging. Counseling is difficult because neurodevelopmental outcomes are variable. PMID: 32070177 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Fetal and Pediatric Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Fetal Pediatr Pathol Source Type: research
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