Drugs, Alcohol and Suicide Are Causing Life Expectancy in America to Drop Dramatically

U.S. life expectancy has decreased for the second year in a row, and an editorial in the BMJ points to three contributing factors: drugs, alcohol and suicides, particularly among middle-age white Americans and those living in rural communities. The authors of the paper paint a bleak picture of the problems facing much of the United States today, but the authors say that policies that bolster the middle-class can help reverse the trend. The recent drop in life expectancy is alarming, the editorial states, “because life expectancy has risen for much of the past century in developed countries, including in the U.S.” Compared to gains made by other developed countries, however, the United States began to lose ground in the 1980s. Americans’ life expectancy plateaued in 2012, and now is headed in the opposite direction. “Something is amiss in the health of Americans, and the country, on a population level, is sick and dying earlier,” says the editorial’s lead author, Steven Woolf, director of the Center on Society and Health at Virginia Commonwealth University. “Quite simply, it means that babies born today are likely to live a shorter life than those born a year or two ago.” As to why U.S. life expectancy is declining, Woolf says that many people point toward the current opioid epidemic. “That’s certainly a big factor, but it’s also a larger problem that’s been going on for decades,” he says. “W...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized healthytime onetime public health Source Type: news

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Authors: Dome P, Faludi G Abstract Main indications of antidepressants (ADs) as major depressive disorder (MDD) and different kinds of anxiety disorders are quite prevalent during pregnancy and the postpartum period. Due to the possible hazards of in utero and breast milk exposition of ADs, both psychiatrists and mothers frequently have concerns about the use of ADs during the periods of pregnancy and breastfeeding. However, we should also bear in mind that affective disorders left untreated during these periods are also associated with health risks for the mother and the baby as well. Accordingly, the treatment of...
Source: Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Neuropsychopharmacol Hung Source Type: research
Authors: Rihmer Z, Dome P, Gonda X, Rihmer A, Belteczki Z Abstract The authors tested the clinical applicability of a self-developed, 6-item, clinician-rated questionnaire evaluating suicide risk in suicidal and non-suicidal psychiatric inpatients and healthy controls. Results have shown that the questionnaires able to detect marked suicide risk in psychiatric inpatients with a high sensitivity and specificity which indicates its usefulness and good applicability in clinical practice. PMID: 29790848 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Neuropsychopharmacol Hung Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The short version of the Hungarian TEMPS-A is a promising instrument both in clinical fields and for academic research. The newly developed short version proved to be a valid and reliable measure of affective temperaments. PMID: 29790847 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Neuropsychopharmacol Hung Source Type: research
Conclusion-The results could help the researchers to investigate the possible role of the environmental electromagnetic fields on the promotion of diabetes disease. PMID: 29792541 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: International Journal of Radiation Biology - Category: Radiology Tags: Int J Radiat Biol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: To the best of our knowledge, the present review is the first to specifically explore the relationship between social cognition and social functioning in patients with BD. This exploration is of interest, as it enhances current understanding of this disorder and, by so doing, should improve patient outcomes. PMID: 29787961 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Psychiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: History of ELM as well as the common sequelae, BPD and MDD, pose risks for child abuse. Our findings suggest improvement of emotion regulation as a potential target for intervention programs. These programs should also aim at non-substantiated cases because even an elevated abuse potential affected child mental health.Declaration of interestNone. PMID: 29792587 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research
Authors: Sánchez-Sandoval Y, Melero S Abstract Although adoptive families have been shown to provide a protective context for human development, some adopted children and adolescents are at increased risk for psychological adjustment problems. On the other hand, little is known about psychological adjustment of young adult adoptees. The aim of this study is to analyze the mental health and legal substance consumption (tobacco and alcohol) of young adults (n = 134) who were domestically adopted by Spanish families. Young adults showed significantly worse scores on the Symptom Check-List-90-R (Derogatis, 1975)...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research
Authors: Lipiecki J, Brunel P, Morice MC, Roguelov C, Walsh SJ, Richardt G, Eerdmans P, Zambahari R, Berland J, Copt S, Stoll HP, Urban P Abstract AIMS: The LEADERS FREE trial has demonstrated that a polymer-free Biolimus A9-coated stent (BA9-DCS) is superior to a bare metal stent (BMS) for high bleeding risk (HBR) patients when treated with one month of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT). This analysis aimed to determine the impact of PCI procedure complexity on the two-year results. METHODS AND RESULTS: Six hundred and sixty-seven (667) patients enrolled in the LEADERS FREE (BA9-DCS 346, BMS 321) underwent a co...
Source: EuroIntervention - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Tags: EuroIntervention Source Type: research
Authors: Chieffo A, Buchanan GL, Mehilli J, Capodanno D, Kunadian V, Petronio AS, Mikhail GW, Capranzano P, Gonzal N, Karam N, Manzo-Silberman S, Schüpke S, Byrne RA, Capretti G, Appelman Y, Morice MC, Presbitero P, Radu M, Mauri J Abstract Several expert documents on sex-based differences in interventional outcomes are now available, however this is the first position paper from the EAPCI Women Committee discussing the potential influence of sex in the percutaneous treatment of coronary and structural heart disease. Despite the misconception that coronary artery disease is a 'man's disease', contemporary data...
Source: EuroIntervention - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Tags: EuroIntervention Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study providing clinical evidence on the use of PF-BES in all-comer patients irrespective of HBR status. Our findings suggest that PF-BES has a favorable safety and efficacy profile in a real world clinical setting. Further investigation in randomised clinical trials against new-generation DES is warranted. PMID: 29784631 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: EuroIntervention - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Tags: EuroIntervention Source Type: research
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