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Scientific Meeting » Mini-Symposium - Computational Psychiatry: Multiscale Models of Mental Illness
On November 12, 2017, NIMH hosted a mini-symposium to introduce new and burgeoning field of computational psychiatry. Computational psychiatry applies cutting-edge quantitative methods and theoretical models to investigate neural or cognitive phenomena relevant to psychiatric diseases. Presentations covered practical examples of theory- and data-driven computational models of cognitive deficits associated with schizophrenia, emotion regulation, anxiety, and drug addiction. (Source: National Institute of Mental Health)
Source: National Institute of Mental Health - December 15, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: National Institute of Mental Health Source Type: news

Study Pokes Holes in Kratom ’s ‘Bad Rap’
A recently published scientific review led by URMC associate professor of Psychiatry Marc Swogger, Ph.D., may help reduce misconceptions about the controversial plant kratom and highlight its potential as a tool to treat opioid addiction that deserves more research. The study points to kratom's potential as a safer substitute for opioids and suggests it also may help reduce negative mood and relieve anxiety. (Source: University of Rochester Medical Center Press Releases)
Source: University of Rochester Medical Center Press Releases - December 14, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: University of Rochester Medical Center Source Type: news

EXCLUSIVE: Sound Mental Health to change its name to better represent what it does
The nonprofit organization says the name it has had for the last 10 years no longer accurately reflects the organization ’s array of mental health and addiction services. (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Pharmaceuticals headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Pharmaceuticals headlines - December 14, 2017 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Coral Garnick Source Type: news

EXCLUSIVE: Sound Mental Health to change its name to better represent what it does
The nonprofit organization says the name it has had for the last 10 years no longer accurately reflects the organization ’s array of mental health and addiction services. (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines - December 14, 2017 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Coral Garnick Source Type: news

Alcohol Abuse: Craving Scores, Predict Relapse Risk Alcohol Abuse: Craving Scores, Predict Relapse Risk
Scores on an alcohol craving assessment scale, combined with early-age drinking, are reliable predictors of long-term relapse risk after discharge from an alcohol addiction treatment program.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Psychiatry Headlines)
Source: Medscape Psychiatry Headlines - December 14, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news

University at Buffalo Pharmacy training program reaches nearly 40,000 opioid prescribers
The UB School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences is providing online training to help prescribers learn how to recognize signs and minimize the risk of addiction. (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Physician Practices headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Physician Practices headlines - December 14, 2017 Category: American Health Authors: Tracey Drury Source Type: news

Mauritius:Gayan still blamed in drug policy debate
[L'Express] In a conference organised by the Mouvement Patriotique earlier this week, addiction specialists David M été and Uvarajen Paratian sought to dismiss preconceived notions around the subject matter and give their unabated perspective on drug policy in Mauritius. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - December 14, 2017 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Substance use among Ontario students down but concerns up over fentanyl use: report
Ontario adolescents are drinking, smoking and using cannabis and other recreational drugs at the lowest rates since the late 1970s, suggests a survey of Grade 7 to 12 students by the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health. (Source: CBC | Health)
Source: CBC | Health - December 14, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News/Canada/Toronto Source Type: news

Imaging corticotropin-releasing-factor and nociceptin in addiction and PTSD models - Tollefson S, Himes M, Narendran R.
Addiction is composed of three phases: intoxication, withdrawal, and craving. Negative reinforcement, strengthening a behaviour by removing an aversive stimulus, has been associated with the withdrawal phase. An imbalance of neurotransmitters within the br... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 14, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Lawmakers Push Back Against The Latest Flimsy Campaign To Crack Down On Kratom
The herbal drug "should be legal and available for those struggling with addiction," said Rep. Jared Polis. (Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post)
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - December 14, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Vaping popular among teens; opioid misuse at historic lows
Nearly 1 in 3 students in 12th grade report past year use of some kind of vaping device, raising concerns about the impact on their health. What they say is in the device, however, ranges from nicotine, to marijuana, to “just flavoring.” The survey also suggests that use of hookahs and regular... (Source: NIDA News)
Source: NIDA News - December 14, 2017 Category: Addiction Tags: Monitoring the Future, Trends and Statistics Source Type: news

Officer Honored for Adopting Baby from Opioid Addicted Mom
ALBUQUERQUE, N.M. (AP) — A routine call about an Albuquerque convenience store theft turned into a life-transforming moment for an officer who came across upon a pregnant woman he found using heroin. That officer later volunteered to adopt the unborn baby. Officer Ryan Holets and his wife, Rebecca, were honored Monday for adopting the baby girl they named Hope after the addicted mom agreed to let the couple raise her child. The baby is now 6-weeks-old and is recovering after being born with an opioid addiction. "We're blessed," Holets said. City officials called the officer's act selfless, said it gave the ...
Source: JEMS Administration and Leadership - December 13, 2017 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Russell Contreras, Associated Press Tags: News Administration and Leadership Source Type: news

Officer Honored for Adopting Baby from Opioid Addicted Mom
ALBUQUERQUE, N.M. (AP) — A routine call about an Albuquerque convenience store theft turned into a life-transforming moment for an officer who came across upon a pregnant woman he found using heroin. That officer later volunteered to adopt the unborn baby. Officer Ryan Holets and his wife, Rebecca, were honored Monday for adopting the baby girl they named Hope after the addicted mom agreed to let the couple raise her child. The baby is now 6-weeks-old and is recovering after being born with an opioid addiction. "We're blessed," Holets said. City officials called the officer's act selfless, said it gave the ...
Source: JEMS: Journal of Emergency Medical Services News - December 13, 2017 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Russell Contreras, Associated Press Tags: News Administration and Leadership Source Type: news

AP PHOTOS: Poverty and addiction grip Los Angeles' Skid Row
AP PHOTOS: Poverty and addiction grip Skid Row area of downtown Los Angeles (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - December 13, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

CareFirst initiates programming, funding efforts to combat opioid problem
CareFirst BlueCross BlueShield is committing new programming and $1.5 million to help combat the region's ongoing opioid epidemic. The state's largest insurer announced several initiatives during a press conference at City Hall Wednesday, all aimed at addressing opioid use and addiction problems among its members. The programs include developing a network of addiction recovery centers to which members in need of treatment can be referred, enhanced prescription drug monitoring and new limits on… (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Physician Practices headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Physician Practices headlines - December 13, 2017 Category: American Health Authors: Morgan Eichensehr Source Type: news

CareFirst initiates programming, funding efforts to combat opioid problem
CareFirst BlueCross BlueShield is committing new programming and $1.5 million to help combat the region's ongoing opioid epidemic. The state's largest insurer announced several initiatives during a press conference at City Hall Wednesday, all aimed at addressing opioid use and addiction problems among its members. The programs include developing a network of addiction recovery centers to which members in need of treatment can be referred, enhanced prescription drug monitoring and new limits on… (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines - December 13, 2017 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Morgan Eichensehr Source Type: news

Addiction, mental illness complicate help for the homeless
Everett, Washington, is deploying teams of social workers and police officers to connect services to the hardcore homeless living in the woods, in cars or on the streets (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - December 13, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

Addiction, mental illness complicate help for the homeless
Everett, Washington, is deploying teams of social workers and police officers to connect services to the hardcore homeless living in the woods, in cars or on the streets. (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - December 13, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

Help States Deter'Patient Brokering', Lawmakers Told
(MedPage Today) -- Addiction patients being lured to sham treatment facilities (Source: MedPage Today Public Health)
Source: MedPage Today Public Health - December 13, 2017 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Explore the all NEW Executive Education and Strategic Alliances Division within the School of Nursing.
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Source: Johns Hopkins University and Health Systems Archive - December 13, 2017 Category: Nursing Source Type: news

Drug May Help Surgical Patients Stop Opioids Sooner
Source: HealthDay Related MedlinePlus Pages: Opioid Abuse and Addiction, Prescription Drug Abuse, Surgery (Source: MedlinePlus Health News)
Source: MedlinePlus Health News - December 13, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Mentally ill, drug-addicted homeless pose challenge for city
The hardcore homeless with mental illness or drug addiction pose especially difficult challenge for a working class city in Washington (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - December 13, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

Mentally ill, drug-addicted homeless pose challenge for city
The working-class city of Everett, Washington, has tried an array of strategies as it confronts a surge in the number of people living on its streets with severe mental illness and drug addiction (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - December 13, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

Gabapentin May Help Surgical Patients Stop Opioids Sooner
WEDNESDAY, Dec. 13, 2017 -- Opioid painkillers after surgery can be the first step toward addiction for some patients. But a common drug might cut the amount of narcotics that patients need, a new study finds. When patients received a non-opioid... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - December 13, 2017 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Hard-hit by opioids, a city struggles with hardcore homeless
The working-class city of Everett, Washington, has tried an array of strategies as it confronts a surge in the number of people living on its streets with severe mental illness and drug addiction (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - December 13, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

Assessment of Tapentadol API abuse liability with the Researched Abuse, Diversion and Addiction-Related Surveillance (RADARS) System - Vosburg SK, Severtson SG, Dart RC, Cicero TJ, Kurtz SP, Parrino MW, Green JL.
Tapentadol, a Schedule II opioid with a combination of µ-opioid activity and norepinephrine reuptake inhibition, is used for the management of moderate to severe acute and chronic pain. Its dual-mechanism of action is thought to reduce opioid-related side... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 13, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Hard-hit by opioids, a city struggles with hardcore homeless
The working-class city of Everett, Washington, has tried an array of strategies as it confronts a surge in the number of people living on its streets with severe mental illness and drug addiction (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - December 13, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

Genetic study defies 'one-size-fits-all' approach to prescribing Opioids for chronic pain
(Florida Atlantic University) In a novel study, researchers are assessing clinical and genetic characteristics of a large patient cohort suffering from chronic musculoskeletal pain and receiving prescription opioids. With this information, the multidisciplinary team will derive a clinical and genetic profile of prescription opioid-use disorder and use this knowledge to develop an 'addiction risk score.' Findings from this study will be key in identifying those who are at low-risk from those who are at high-risk of prescription opioid-use disorder. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - December 13, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Can treatment during surgery reduce postoperative opioid use?
©iStock/windslegend With the current concerns related to opioid addiction and overdose, researchers from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) are exploring ways to reduce the use of opioids for pain relief, while still effectively managing pain. In a randomized clinical trial, 422 patients. .. (Source: NIDA News)
Source: NIDA News - December 13, 2017 Category: Addiction Source Type: news

Front Lines of the Opioid Crisis: Perspectives from States, Communities, and Providers
U.S. Senate, Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions. 11/30/2017 This two-hour, 30-minute Congressional hearing discusses the current opioid crisis, with providers, public safety officials, and state health officials who are on the front lines fighting the epidemic, speak to what is happening on the ground, and what more Congress can do to help them address the crisis. Topics include Rhode Island's Strategic Plan to Address Opioid Addiction and Overdose, which recommended specific, evidence-based strategies in four areas: prevention, rescue, treatment, and recovery. (Video or Multimedia) (Source: Disaster Lit: ...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - December 12, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

Policy Approaches to the Opioid Crisis, Featuring Remarks from Sir Angus Deaton, Rep. Ann McLane Kuster, and Professor Bertha K. Madras
Brookings Institution. 11/03/2017 These presentations and panel discussion focus on how public policy can address the opioid epidemic. Speakers discuss the underlying issues that contributed to the opioid crisis, increased rates of alcoholism and suicide among certain segments of the American population, and the report of the President's Commission on Combatting Opioid Drug Addiction and the Opioid Crisis. (Video or Multimedia) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - December 12, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

Stopping Opioid Addiction at One Key Source: The Hospital Stopping Opioid Addiction at One Key Source: The Hospital
Based on research conducted at the University of Michigan ’ s medical center, a group of surgeons developed a strategy to help post-surgical patients from misusing or abusing their prescription painkillers.Kaiser Health News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - December 12, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news

A Georgia mother battles opioids to win back her kids
Opioid addiction has shattered many families across the US; an addicted mom in Georgia seized at one last chance to avoid that fate (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - December 12, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

Q&A: How is the US opioid crisis affecting children?
A historic and deadly wave of opioid addiction is flooding children into the U.S. foster care system (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - December 12, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

American Academy of Addiction Psychiatry (AAAP) 28th Annual Meeting American Academy of Addiction Psychiatry (AAAP) 28th Annual Meeting
Read clinically focused news coverage of key developments from AAAP 2017Medscape Psychiatry (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - December 11, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Conference Coverage Source Type: news

Often, Opioid Abuse Becomes a Family Affair
Source: HealthDay Related MedlinePlus Pages: Family Issues, Opioid Abuse and Addiction (Source: MedlinePlus Health News)
Source: MedlinePlus Health News - December 11, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Phone Addiction Is Real -- And So Are Its Mental Health Risks
Smartphones may be our latest vice. The effects on young people are especially concerning. (Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News)
Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News - December 11, 2017 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Alice G. Walton, Contributor Source Type: news

How NOT to Argue with Your Kids About Marijuana
Excerpted from A Parent’s Guide to Teen Addiction: Professional Advice on Signs, Symptoms, What to Say, and How to Help (Skyhorse Publishing) by Laurence M. Westreich, M.D. Marijuana, the illegal drug most commonly used by teenagers, is widely accepted as harmless, but is it? Its effects range from the trivial — silliness, bloodshot eyes, etc. — all the way to catastrophic — paranoia, depression, and more. Many teenagers and parents don’t realize that although not as potent, it’s a hallucinogen similar to LSD and Ecstasy. Marijuana and the other hallucinogens can cause serious problems f...
Source: Psych Central - December 11, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Laurence M. Westreich, M.D. Tags: Addictions Children and Teens Parenting Substance Abuse cannabis Communication Marijuana marijuana abuse recovery Teen Addiction Teen Substance Abuse Source Type: news

Often, Opioid Abuse Becomes a Family Affair
MONDAY, Dec. 11, 2017 -- Opioid addiction often starts in the family medicine cabinet, a new study warns. If someone is taking prescription opioids for pain, such as OxyContin, it's more likely that others living in the home will also get an opioid... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - December 11, 2017 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Time distortion when users at-risk for social media addiction engage in non-social media tasks - Turel O, Brevers D, Bechara A.
BACKGROUND: There is a growing concern over the addictiveness of Social Media use. Additional representative indicators of impaired control are needed in order to distinguish presumed social media addiction from normal use. AIMS: (1) To examine the existen... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 11, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Supplements Claiming to Ease Opioid Addiction Come Under Scrutiny
Advocacy groups and the F.D.A. have warned that companies are capitalizing on the epidemic by offering unproven remedies. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - December 8, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: SHEILA KAPLAN Tags: Pain-Relieving Drugs Addiction (Psychology) Dietary Supplements and Herbal Remedies Advertising and Marketing Center for Science in the Public Interest Food and Drug Administration opioids Source Type: news

Woman credits 125-pound weight loss to the Instant Pot
Former takeout addict Brittany Williams, 27, from California, reveals she overhauled her family's diets using the device. Her new lifestyle has halted her daughter's arthritis and her thyroid problem. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - December 8, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

From High School Dean To Opioid Addict:'It Can Get Pretty Dark Before Anybody Notices '
The fact that he could get opioids legally helped him rationalize the habit. " I was handed them, easily and in large amounts. " (Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News)
Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News - December 8, 2017 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Ellie Kincaid, Forbes Staff Source Type: news

Weekly Postings
See something of interest? Please share our postings with colleagues in your institutions! Spotlight The National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NNLM) is pleased to announce a partnership with the NIH All of Us Research Program (All of Us), part of the Precision Medicine Initiative. Through this collaboration, NNLM’s Regional Medical Libraries and National Offices will focus on improving consumer access to high quality health information in communities throughout the U.S., specifically, by working with public libraries. Check out the Fall 2017 issue of the MAReport! This quarter, Lydia Collins discusses “Rai...
Source: NN/LM Middle Atlantic Region Blog - December 8, 2017 Category: Databases & Libraries Authors: Hannah Sinemus Tags: Weekly Postings Source Type: news

'Nobody stopped me' at the casino: Ontario self-exclusion program fails to keep gambling addicts out
Despite promoting responsible gambling, the Ontario government’s program to help addicts stay out of casinos is failing to do so, an investigation by CBC’s The Fifth Estate has found. (Source: CBC | Health)
Source: CBC | Health - December 8, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News/Canada Source Type: news

Drug-related deaths: statistics based on death certificates miss one-third of cases - Fugelstad A, Ramstedt M, Thiblin I, Johansson LA.
AIMS: Statistics on drug-related deaths (DRD) provide crucial information on the drug situation. The European Monitoring Centre for Drug and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) has published a specification for extracting DRD from national mortality registers to be us... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 8, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Screening in Trauma for Opioid Misuse Prevention (STOMP): study protocol for the development of an opioid risk screening tool for victims of injury - Brown R, Deyo B, Riley C, Quanbeck A, Glass JE, Turpin R, Hetzel S, Nicholas C, Cruz M, Agarwal S.
BACKGROUND: Opioid addiction and overdose are epidemic in the U.S. Victims of traumatic injury are at greater than average risk for opioid misuse and related complications. Potential risk screens and preventive interventions in this clinical population rem... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 8, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

This is what we do – top 8 brilliant things from 2017
It’s impossible to review UNISON’s year and do justice to all the amazing things UNISON’s activists and members get up to. So, we haven’t tried. Instead here are 8 pretty important, awesome things we’ve done together. Roll on 2018.  It wasn’t just about ET The big headline-grabbing win over the summer concerned employment tribunal fees. They were scrapped after UNISON won a landmark court victory against the government. The Supreme Court – the UK’s highest court – unanimously ruled that the government was acting unlawfully and unconstitutionally when it introduced...
Source: UNISON Health care news - December 7, 2017 Category: UK Health Authors: Martin Cullen Tags: Article Magazine christmas Source Type: news

A Comeback for the Gateway Drug Theory?
As marijuana legalization and the opioid epidemic sweep across the country, new research is breathing fresh life into the perennial debate. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - December 7, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: DOUGLAS QUENQUA Tags: Drug Abuse and Traffic Addiction (Psychology) Marijuana Cocaine and Crack Cocaine Heroin Drugs (Pharmaceuticals) Source Type: news