Drug Overdose Deaths Increased During Early Days of Pandemic Drug Overdose Deaths Increased During Early Days of Pandemic
The CDC said 19,416 people died from drug overdoses from January through March ― an increase of 3,000 over the first three months of 2019.WebMD Health News (Source: Medscape Infectious Diseases Headlines)
Source: Medscape Infectious Diseases Headlines - October 17, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Infectious Diseases News Source Type: news

Ohio ’s hospitals are working together to end the opioid crisis
Despite losing some $3.3 billion from March 9 through July 1 due to the Covid-19 pandemic, Ohio ’s hospitals are not only doubling down on finding solutions for caring for patients and putting an end to the coronavirus pandemic, but they’re partnering to stem the continued tide of opioid overdose deaths. Those deaths have spiked again due in large part to the isolation, anxiety and stres s caused by the pandemic. In Franklin County, the coroner reports a 73.4% increase in overdose deaths in the… (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines - October 16, 2020 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Ohio Opioid Education Alliance Source Type: news

The opioid crisis: Insights from Franklin County Health officials
How has the opioid epidemic impacted Franklin County in 2020? Dr. Anahi Ortiz, Franklin County coroner: I’m just going to say bluntly, it’s been catastrophic. By the first six months of 2020, current data shows that we saw a 73.4% increase in overdose fatalities in Franklin County. We’ve already surpassed the total number of overdose fatalities we saw all of last year with several months still to go. Can you confidently say there is a direct correlation between the impact of COVID-19 and… (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines - October 16, 2020 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Ohio Opioid Education Alliance Source Type: news

New pink fentanyl causing overdoses across Ontario, prompting public health warnings
A new red and pink street drug that causes more overdoses has arrived in Hamilton, prompting warnings from local public health officials. (Source: CBC | Health)
Source: CBC | Health - October 15, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News/Canada/Hamilton Source Type: news

Addressing violence and overdose among women who use drugs-need for structural interventions - Goldenberg SM.
People who use drugs (PWUD) across diverse global contexts are facing an unprecedented overdose crisis, with rates of overdose-related morbidity and mortality continuing to increase in many settings. Although opioid-related overdoses represent an urgent... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Association of violence against female sex workers who use drugs with nonfatal drug overdose in Kazakhstan - El-Bassel N, Norcini Pala A, Mukherjee TI, McCrimmon T, Mergenova G, Terlikbayeva A, Primbetova S, Witte SS.
Importance: Female sex workers (FSWs) who use drugs face increased risk of intimate partner violence (IPV) and nonpartner violence (NPV). The association between violence and drug overdose is unknown. Objective: To examine the association between IPV, ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

People with type O blood may be less likely to catch coronavirus
Drug overdose deaths surpassed 73,000, a record-high for the 12-month period ending in March 2020, early data from the CDC's National Center for Health Statistics shows. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - October 14, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Kenya: Doctor in Negligence Case Wants Court to Determine Epilepsy Drug Regimen
[Nation] The Court of Appeal has now been tasked with determining treatment procedures for patients suffering from epilepsy, after renowned paediatric neurologist Donald Oyatsi challenged a decision by the Medical Practitioners and Dentists Board to punish him for allegedly overdosing a one-and-a-half-year-old girl. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - October 14, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Extreme suicide - Kim DY, Lee SH.
Many people end their lives by committing suicide every year. Most of these people inflict their own death using a method that is considered least painful such as hanging, gun shots, and drug overdose. Some choose to use their surroundings and jump off hig... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Coma and respiratory failure in a 2-year-old child after accidental overdose of Baclofen - Dasgupta K, Nielson S.
Baclofen (Lioresal) is a derivative of gamma-aminobutyric acid and is used in both adults and children mainly for symptomatic treatment of muscle spasticity. It is absorbed completely from the gastrointestinal tract, metabolized minimally in the liver and ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

AP Photos: 'I got stories.' A life of troubles and love
Tasha Lamm’s problems could seem overwhelming: poverty, unemployment, an abusive mother, a boyfriend who died of a heroin overdose (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - October 12, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

Drug overdose and suicide among veteran enrollees in the VHA: comparison among local, regional, and national data - Ahonle ZJ, Jia H, Mudra SA, Romero S, Casta ñeda G, Levy C.
BACKGROUND: Suicide is the 10th leading cause of death in the US, primarily from drug overdose. In 2017, 67.8% of drug overdoses were with prescription opioids. The rate of opioid use disorder among patients in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) is 7... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Naloxone use by emergency medical services during the CoViD-19 pandemic: a national survey - Cone DC, Bogucki S, Burns K, D'Onofrio G, Hawk K, Joseph D, Fiellin DA.
OBJECTIVES: The COVID-19 epidemic in the United States has hit in the midst of the opioid overdose crisis. Emergency medical services (EMS) clinicians may limit their use of intranasal naloxone due to concerns of novel coronavirus infection. We sought to d... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

"I got stories." A life of troubles, and a story of love
Tasha Lamm’s problems could seem overwhelming: poverty, unemployment, an abusive mother, a boyfriend who died of a heroin overdose (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - October 12, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

Cocaine overdose deaths jump in recent years, CDC reports
About 2½ times more cocaine-related fatalities — totaling 14,666 — occurred in 2018 than in 2014, according to the study. (Source: Washington Post: To Your Health)
Source: Washington Post: To Your Health - October 11, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Linda Searing Source Type: news

Overdose Deaths From Cocaine Rising Dramatically
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 7, 2020 -- While opioids were grabbing the headlines, cocaine overdose deaths in the United States have marched upward, nearly tripling over five years, a new government report shows. After a period of stability, cocaine-induced... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - October 7, 2020 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

CDC: 2013 to 2018 Saw Jump in Drug OD Deaths Involving Cocaine
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 7, 2020 -- From 2013 to 2018, the rate of drug overdose deaths involving cocaine increased nearly threefold, according to an October data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - October 7, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

"Road rash" and dizziness: a case of hemodynamically significant topical clonidine toxicity - Downs JW, Cumpston KL.
We report a case of uninten... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Association of take-home naloxone and opioid overdose reversals performed by patients in an opioid treatment program - Katzman JG, Takeda MY, Greenberg N, Moya Balasch M, Alchbli A, Katzman WG, Salvador JG, Bhatt SR.
Importance The US opioid crisis was deemed a public health emergency in 2017. More than 130 individuals in the US die daily as a result of unintentional opioid overdose deaths. Objective To measure use of take-home naloxone for overdose reversals per... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Opioid-related overdose mortality in the era of fentanyl: monitoring a shifting epidemic by person, place, and time - Althoff KN, Leifheit KM, Park JN, Chandran A, Sherman SG.
We describe US trends in opioid-related overdose mortality rates by race, age, urbanicity, and opioid type before an... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

A Nova Scotian is saved from an opioid overdose by paramedics almost every other day
Nova Scotia's medical director for Emergency Health Services says paramedics and emergency first responders use naloxone almost every other day to save someone from an opioid overdose in the province. Since 2018, an average of 151 people a year have been saved. (Source: CBC | Health)
Source: CBC | Health - October 5, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News/Canada/Nova Scotia Source Type: news

"That's no longer tolerated": policing patients' use of non-opioid substances in methadone maintenance treatment - Frank D.
The current overdose crisis in the United States emphasizes the importance of providing substance use treatment programs that are not only effective but tailored to meet the specific needs of the populations they serve. While Methadone Maintenance Treatmen... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Association between formulary coverage and use of abuse-deterrent prescription opioids, risk for abuse or overdose, and associated healthcare resource utilization - Petrilla A, Marrett E, Shen X, Kwong WJ, Pezalla E.
Background Significant public health concerns exist regarding the misuse and abuse of prescription opioids. Abuse-deterrent formulation (ADF) opioids may be leveraged as an important tool for combating the current opioid crisis. Objectives To evaluat... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

The effect of good samaritan laws (GSL) on opioid overdose mortality - Ramesh T.
This paper investigates the effects of Good Samaritan Laws on opioid overdose mortality rates in the United States. Evaluating policy interventions in response to upticks in opioid mortality is crucial to enact federal legislation that protects communities... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Coronavirus Pandemic Drives Hike in Opioid Deaths
In the months since the pandemic took hold in the U.S., the opioid epidemic has taken a sharp turn for the worse. More than 40 states have seenevidence of increases in overdoses. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - September 29, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Hilary Swift and Abby Goodnough Tags: your-feed-science your-feed-photojournalism Coronavirus Risks and Safety Concerns Drug Abuse and Traffic Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Opioids and Opiates Mental Health and Disorders Heroin Vermont your-feed-healthcare Source Type: news

Coronavirus US: Pandemic causes spike in drug overdose deaths
A new report reveals that 42 US states are reporting an increase in opioid-related fatalities. Counties in states such as California and Nevada say much of it is driven by fentanyl, a synthetic opioid. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - September 29, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Fatal suicidal poisoning by chloroquine in presence of alcohol-an interesting case report - Choudhary P, Verma KL, Sharma M, Kumar AA.
OBJECTIVES: Suicidal and accidental poisoning due to drug overdose is one of the common reason of morbidity and mortality all over the world. Considering such statement, toxicological analysis becomes imperative in suicidal, accidental and also in homicida... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

FDA Warns Of Danger Associated With TikTok ‘Benadryl Challenge’
Deliberately overdosing on Benadryl could lead to serious heart problems, seizures, coma or even death. (Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News)
Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News - September 26, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Marla Milling, Contributor Tags: Healthcare /healthcare Innovation /innovation Source Type: news

FDA Warns of Danger From 'Benadryl Challenge'
The new internet dare, broadcast widely on teen-friendly TikTok, urges kids to overdose on the over-the-counter antihistamine Benadryl to achieve a hallucinatory state. (Source: WebMD Health)
Source: WebMD Health - September 25, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Grieving family frustrated over lack of information on inmate's apparent overdose death
Taylor John Brazier died in custody on Sept. 11. His family was told that the 26-year-old was found in his cell at the North Fraser Pretrial Centre in Port Coquitlam, B.C., around 10:30 a.m. That's about all they know. (Source: CBC | Health)
Source: CBC | Health - September 25, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News/Canada/British Columbia Source Type: news

Effect of positive urine fentanyl screen on attitudes toward heroin use - Nowinski Konchak J, McGurk K, Hinami K, Vacchiano M, Aks S.
Background It is unknown if targeted risk reduction counseling in the health care setting, after documented exposure to fentanyl, can affect behavior change to reduce risks and increase utilization of evidence-based overdose prevention strategies. Met... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Federal barriers to addressing the opioid epidemic - Kleinman RA, Morris NP.
In 2017, there were more than 47,000 opioid-associated overdose deaths in the United States, and the Department of Health and Human Services declared that the opioid epidemic was a public health emergency. Over the past few years, Congress has passed consi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Implementation of a naloxone dispensing program in a grocery store-based community pharmacy - Wilkerson DM, Groves BK, Mehta BH.
The epidemic of opioid-related drug overdose deaths is a serious public health issue impacting the United States. In 2016, 42,249 people in the United States died of an opioid-related overdose (that figure represented 66.4% of all US drug overdose deaths).... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Accidental tramadol ingestion in children admitted in tertiary care centre - Sruthi V, Narendra AMVR.
BACKGROUND: Tramadol use has been increasing in the adult and pediatric population. Practitioners must be alert because Tramadol misuse can lead to severe intoxication in which respiratory failure and seizures are frequent. Overdoses can lead to death. We ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 22, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

All-cause and overdose mortality risk among people prescribed opioids: a systematic review and meta-analysis - Larney S, Peacock A, Tran LT, Stockings E, Santomauro D, Santo T, Degenhardt L.
OBJECTIVE: To estimate all-cause and overdose crude mortality rates and standardized mortality ratios among people prescribed opioids for chronic noncancer pain and risk of overdose death in this population relative to people with similar clinical profiles... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 22, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Surge in Opioid Overdoses Linked to COVID-19 Surge in Opioid Overdoses Linked to COVID-19
The COVID-19 pandemic has led to an surge in opioid overdose deaths, a new study confirms.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Emergency Medicine Headlines)
Source: Medscape Emergency Medicine Headlines - September 21, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news

A model for an institutional response to the opioid crisis - Hanna MN, Chambers C, Punyala A, Iqbal A, Singh B, Cagla Oruc MS, Priyamvadha Prakash MS, Yash Prajapati MS, Yidong Wang MS, Zeyu Amery Ai MS, Ronen Shechter MD, Traci J. Speed MD, Colleen G. Koch MD, Kayode Williams MD.
The use of opioid analgesics for pain management has increased dramatically over the past decade, with corresponding increases in negative sequelae including overdose and death. Physicians, policymakers, and researchers are focused on finding ways to decre... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Carfentanil and the rise and fall of overdose deaths in the United States - Jalal H, Burke DS.
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: It is widely believed that the 2018 decline in overdose deaths in the United States was attributable to a range of public health interventions; however, this decline also coincided with the regulation and decline in use of potent fenta... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Chronic non-cancer pain among adults with substance use disorders: prevalence, characteristics, and association with opioid overdose and healthcare utilization - John WS, Wu LT.
Background Chronic non-cancer pain (CNCP) among patients with substance use disorder (SUD) poses a risk for worse treatment outcomes. Understanding the association of CNCP with SUD is important for informing the need and potential benefits of pain assessm... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Fentanyl panic goes viral: the spread of misinformation about overdose risk from casual contact with fentanyl in mainstream and social media - Beletsky L, Seymour S, Kang S, Siegel Z, Sinha MS, Marino R, Dave A, Freifeld C.
BACKGROUND: Fueled by misinformation, fentanyl panic has harmed public health through complicating overdose rescue while rationalizing hyper-punitive criminal laws, wasteful expenditures, and proposals to curtail vital access to pain pharmacotherapy. To as... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Visualizing age, period, and cohort patterns of substance use in the U.S. opioid crisis - Verdery AM, England K, Chapman A, Luo L, McLean K, Monnat S.
Descriptions of the contemporary U.S. opioid crisis emphasize several "waves" of overdose deaths. However, a focus on trends in overdose deaths may obscure important sociological dynamics. The authors provide heatmap visualizations of estimated annual rate... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Richmond emergency room experienced a surge in opioid overdoses during pandemic
(Virginia Commonwealth University) In a paper published Friday by the Journal of the American Medical Association, Virginia Commonwealth University researchers released data showing an alarming surge in opioid-related overdoses during the COVID-19 pandemic. Nonfatal opioid overdose visits to the VCU Medical Center emergency department in Richmond increased from 102 between March and June 2019 to 227 between March and June 2020. That's an increase of 123%. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - September 21, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Unintentional overdose of hyoscine hydrobromide in a young child - Xuereb G, Calleja T, Borg J, Pace D.
A 4-year-old girl presented with confusion, ataxia and hallucinations 3 hours after an accidental overdose of 108 μg per kg of hyoscine hydrobromide (Kwells Kids). She was hypotensive and tachycardic at presentation. Investigations revealed QTc prolongati... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 18, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

The Real Reason for 2018 Drop in Fatal U.S. Drug Overdoses
FRIDAY, Sept. 18, 2020 -- A slight decline in U.S. drug overdose deaths in 2018 was due to a drop in supply of a dangerous opioid from China rather than federal government efforts, and was only temporary, a new study shows. " The U.S. has not bent... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - September 18, 2020 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Medical use and misuse of prescription opioids in US 12th-grade youth: school-level correlates - McCabe SE, Schulenberg J, McCabe VV, Veliz PT.
In this study, we examine school-level prevalence and correlates of medical use and misuse of pre... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Evaluation of a personally-tailored opioid overdose prevention education and naloxone distribution intervention to promote harm reduction and treatment readiness in individuals actively using illicit opioids - Winhusen T, Wilder C, Lyons MS, Theobald J, Kropp F, Lewis D.
This study evaluated a personally-tailored OEND (PTOEND) intervention de... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Overcoming the limitations of 'accident' as a manner of death for drug overdose mortality: case for a death certificate checkbox - Rockett IRH, Caine ED, Connery HS, Nolte KB.
Collectively, the epidemic increases in the United States of opioid-related deaths and suicides during the first two decades of the 21st century have exposed shortcomings in current forensic and epidemiological approaches for determining and codifying mann... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Pregnancy-associated mortality due to accidental drug overdose and suicide in Ohio, 2009-2018 - Hall OT, Hall OE, Rood KM, McKiever ME, Teater J, Senay A.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Some law enforcement officers' negative attitudes toward overdose victims are exacerbated following overdose education training - Winograd RP, Stringfellow EJ, Phillips SK, Wood CA.
BACKGROUND: The devastating impact of the current opioid overdose crisis has led to new involvement of law enforcement officers. Training programs have focused on overdose recognition and response without targeting core attitudinal change by covering addic... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Preparing future clinicians to intervene in opioid crisis
(University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing) Opioid use disorder and overdose have reached unprecedented levels around the world. In the United States, remediation of pain is one of the most common reasons American adults seek healthcare. Therefore, it is vital that clinicians practicing in diverse roles and settings have a clinical understanding of pain and substance use disorders as well as knowledge about public health and opioid policy interventions. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - September 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news