Can I Give Cholera Vaccine?
Discussion Cholera is caused by more than 200 serogroups of Vibrio cholerae, a Gram-negative rod that is waterborne. Only two (serogroup O1 which causes about 99% of the cases, and O139) cause disease. There are biotypes of each of these serotypes. The only known hosts are humans. The organism colonizes the epithelial lining of the gut. Cholera toxin is produced by some species and if produced binds to specific receptors on host cells, activating a series of steps which cases massive loss of sodium, potassium, chloride, hydrogen carbonate, and fluids in vomitus and feces. A review of causes of diarrhea can be found here. More than 1 billion people are at risk for cholera in endemic countries with an estimated 2.86 million cases and ~95,000 deaths annually Cholera is endemic in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia but has areas that have become epidemic such as Haiti and Yemen in the past few years. Studies in Africa have an incidence of
Immune responses triggered in 45 participants in phase one trial, without safety issues
Publication date: Available online 13 July 2020Source: Pregnancy HypertensionAuthor(s): C. Birdir, L. Fox, L. Droste, M. Frank, J. Fryze, A. Enekwe, A. Köninger, R. Kimmig, B. Schmidt, A. Gellhaus
Background and Objective: Food-borne Salmonellosis has been reported as the second most common bacterial infection. Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serotype enteritidis (S. Enteritidis) and S. enterica subsp. enterica serotype typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) are the most common serotypes worldwide as salmonellosis agents. Salmonella yyphi is the causative agent of typhoid fever worldwide. The purpose of the present study was to determine the contamination rate of raw milk and dairy products to Salmonella typhi, S. typhimurium and S. Enteritidis in South-Khorasan, Iran. It is very important in food safety risk assessment a...
Conclusion: The results obtained suggest that these underutilized fruits could greatly add in the improvement of the nutrition of consumers and promote good human health.
Conclusions: The findings highlight an enhanced risk of alcohol and substance use among individuals with severe depression and/or anxiety symptoms above what is seen among individuals with less severe symptomatology. In addition, this study shows a unique risk posed by the presence of depression on substance use. This study offers a framework for future studies to examine the causal mechanisms explaining the connection between psychiatric symptoms and alcohol/substance use. PMID: 32657223 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Publication date: Available online 6 July 2020Source: Asian Nursing ResearchAuthor(s): Youngji Kim, Jung Lim Lee, In Sun Jang, Seungmi Park
Countries need to prepare for a potential uptick in Covid-19 infections this winter that could be more serious than the initial outbreak of the pandemic, scientists say.
Some experts say a vaccine puffed in the nose would be better at protecting people from infection. But nasal vaccines won ’t be ready right away.
Authors: Devigili G, Cazzato D, Lauria G Abstract INTRODUCTION: Small fiber neuropathy (SFN) is a heterogeneous group of disorders affecting thinly myelinated Aδ and unmyelinated C-fibers. Common symptoms include neuropathic pain and autonomic disturbances, and the typical clinical presentation is that of a length-dependent polyneuropathy, although other distributions could be present. AREA COVERED: This review focuses on several aspects of SFN including etiology, clinical presentation, diagnostic criteria and tests, management, and future perspectives. Diagnostic challenges are discussed, encompassing the ro...
A CBS News Battleground Tracker poll released Sunday showed the coronavirus pandemic has shaped Mr. Trump's falling support in Florida and other swing states.
More News: African Health | Azithromycin | Breastfed | Children | Chloride | Cholera | Cipro | Ciprofloxacin | Databases & Libraries | Doxycycline | Dysentery | Emergency Medicine | Endemics | Epidemics | Epidemiology | Gastroenteritis | Gastroenterology | Haiti Health | Health Management | Hospitals | Infectious Diseases | International Medicine & Public Health | Klor-Con | Learning | Malaria | Malaria Vaccine | Middle East Health | Outbreaks | Pediatrics | Perinatology & Neonatology | Potassium | Potassium Chloride | Pregnancy | Rural Health | Sodium | Study | Typhoid | Typhoid Vaccine | Universities & Medical Training | USA Health | Vaccines | Websites | WHO | Yemen Health | Zithromax