Typhoid: Study confirms Vi-DT conjugate vaccine is safe and immunogenic in children 6-23 months
(International Vaccine Institute) A new study conducted by IVI in collaboration with SK bioscience shows that single-dose and two-dose regimens of Vi-DT typhoid conjugate vaccine (TCV) are safe and immunogenic in children 6-23 months of age, a group with high rates of typhoid fever in resource-limited settings. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - September 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Checkmate! China ’s Coronavirus Connection
Conclusion In 1919 George A. Soper1 wrote that the deadly Spanish Flu pandemic that swept around the earth was without any precedents, and that there had been no such catastrophe ‘so sudden, so devastating and so universal’. He remarked that, “The most astonishing thing about the pandemic was the complete mystery which surrounded it. Nobody seemed to know what the disease was, where it came from or how to stop it. Anxious minds are inquiring today whether another wave of it will come again”. With close to 3 million positive cases and around 0.2 million deaths worldwide, the coronavirus has compelle...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - May 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Simi Mehta Tags: Asia-Pacific Civil Society Development & Aid Featured Global Headlines Health TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news

WHO conditionally backs Covid-19 vaccine trials that infect people
‘Challenge’ studies would deliberately give coronavirus to healthy volunteersCoronavirus – latest updatesSee all our coronavirus coverageControversial trials in which volunteers are intentionally infected with Covid-19 could accelerate vaccine development, according to the World Health Organization, which has releasednew guidance on how the approach could be ethically justified despite the potential dangers for participants.So-called challenge trials are a mainstream approach in vaccine development and have been used in malaria, typhoid and flu, but there are treatments available for these diseases if a v...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - May 8, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Hannah Devlin, Science Correspondent Tags: Medical research Coronavirus outbreak World Health Organization Infectious diseases Science World news Vaccines and immunisation Source Type: news

Zimbabwe: Typhoid - 90% of Children in Hotspots Vaccinated
[The Herald] At least 90 percent of children between five and 16 years were vaccinated during the 2019 typhoid campaign in Harare's high risk areas, including 74 percent of those aged between six months and four years. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - February 3, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Viral Outbreaks Are Here to Stay. This is How Humans Will Fight Back
The year of the rat is off to an ominous start. “We just stay home and don’t go out,” says Mr. Dong. The 33-year-old researcher, who provided only one name, has no other options. He, his wife and their 3-month-old daughter live in Wuhan, the epicenter of an unfolding global health crisis. They’re treating the forced time at home as a holiday, though he says, “this is different than any of them before.” Families like his huddle in their homes, fearful that if they venture out, they will get sick. Since the first cases of a previously unknown pneumonia-like illness emerged in December, Wuh...
Source: TIME: Health - January 30, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Alice Park and Charlie Campbell Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

New typhoid fever vaccine protects young children
(Reuters Health) - The first field trial of a new typhoid vaccine that can be used in young children provides protection for 81.6% of recipients, opening the door to better control of a disease that affects 11 million people each year and kills roughly 117,000. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - December 4, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Typhoid vaccine 'works fantastically well'
The jab is being given to nine million children in Pakistan at risk of a dangerous form of the infection. (Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition)
Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition - December 4, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Typhoid vaccine over 81% effective in tackling disease in Nepal
(University of Oxford) A large field study of typhoid conjugate vaccine (TCV) in Nepal has shown a single dose to be safe and effective in reducing typhoid in children aged 9 months to (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - December 4, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Pakistan deploys new vaccine against 'superbug' typhoid outbreak
Pakistan began vaccinating millions of children against typhoid on Friday to try to control a drug-resistant superbug outbreak of the fever that has already infected some 11,000 people since 2016 and risks spreading internationally. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - November 15, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Human Health Is in the Hands of Bacteria
In the beginning, there were single-cell bacteria. They were the only life on earth for billions of years, then larger cells evolved, then multicellular organisms, and then plants and animals. But the bacteria never went away, and all organisms, including us humans, have had to learn to live with them. Today, the lessons they are teaching us could change the trajectory of human health for generations. When bacteria were first discovered more than three centuries ago, most attention was on the ones we fought, which caused diseases like cholera, typhoid and tuberculosis. Through vaccines and antibiotics, we have made amazing...
Source: TIME: Health - October 24, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Martin J. Blaser Tags: Uncategorized medicine Source Type: news

Why do media and health officials continue to freak out about measles when almost everyone is already vaccinated?
(Natural News) Another new case of measles has been identified, this time in Los Angeles County where typhoid fever, tuberculosis, and even bubonic plague are making a comeback thanks to rampant illegal immigration and homelessness. But rather than take a step back and evaluate the facts, authorities are once again freaking out about some people... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - July 10, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Vaccine is a cost-effective solution for countries burdened by typhoid
A new YSPH study looks at the impact of Introducing a typhoid conjugate vaccine into routine child vaccine schedules for low- and middle-income countries. (Source: Yale Science and Health News)
Source: Yale Science and Health News - May 24, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

How Long Does Fecal Shedding Occur for Oral Vaccines?
Discussion Vaccination has reduced infectious disease morbidity and mortality since its introduction. Vaccines can be given intramuscularly, subcutaneously or orally. Oral virus vaccines currently used in the US include rotavirus, cholera, typhoid and adenovirus. Adenovirus vaccine is used in military personnel. As these are attenuated viruses there is concern for household contacts who are immunocompromised who may inadvertently be exposed to the virus through fecal shedding. Additionally, there is a concern that the attenuated virus may mutate and revert back to its wild-form and potentially cause disease. Injectable po...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - March 25, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: pediatriceducationmin Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

Researchers unveil progress and challenges in introducing typhoid conjugate vaccine in Africa/Asia
(University of Maryland School of Medicine) Each year there are nearly 11 million cases of typhoid, a disease that is spread through contaminated food, drink and water. Researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine are leading an international consortium that is studying the impact of a typhoid conjugate vaccine (TCV) in an effort to accelerate introduction of the vaccine in countries in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia where there is a high burden of typhoid. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 8, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Africa: Africa's First-Ever Mass Typhoid Fever Vaccination Campaign Ends
[WHO] It was the third day of the first-ever vaccination campaign in Africa against typhoid fever. Twenty-seven-year-old Sarah Nyamande was one of many mothers lining up in the unique outreach post - a shopping mall in a Harare suburb. Health officials were offering children and others vulnerable to the disease what promises to be a new layer of protection, especially for families living in conditions of unsafe water and sanitation. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - March 5, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Zimbabwe: Behaviour Change Key in Fight Against Typhoid
[The Herald] Despite a recommendation by the World Health Organisation (WHO) that typhoid vaccines be considered for the control of endemic disease and outbreaks, uptake has remained limited in certain pockets of society including the Apostolic Sect. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - February 27, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Typhoid vaccine may protect against other infections
(University of Liverpool) New research by the University of Liverpool and Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine shows that vaccination with weakened strains of Salmonella may also protect against other infections. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - February 27, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Zimbabwe: Mass Typhoid Vaccinations Begin
[The Herald] Zimbabwe became the first country in Africa to vaccinate against typhoid yesterday when it rolled out a campaign in nine typhoid hotspots in Harare. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - February 26, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Zimbabwe: Govt to Roll Out Typhoid Vaccination
[The Herald] About 325 000 residents between the ages of six months and 45 years from nine selected high-density and typhoid-burdened suburbs in Harare will from Monday start receiving vaccinations against typhoid, making Zimbabwe the first country in Africa to vaccinate against typhoid, Health and Child Care Minister Dr Obadiah Moyo has said. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - February 23, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

UMSOM and GRAS begin second typhoid conjugate vaccine study in africa
(University of Maryland School of Medicine) A new study has been launched in Burkina Faso for Bharat Biotech's typhoid conjugate vaccine (TCV). It is the second clinical study underway in Africa for the vaccine and the first in West Africa. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - December 3, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Zimbabwe:Drug Resistant Typhoid Is Real
[The Herald] This strain of typhoid is not responding to traditionally used medicines such as ciprofloxacin and health workers have resorted to using the last line of antibiotics, azithromycin in defence against typhoid while waiting for approvals to embark on mass vaccinations. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - August 21, 2018 Category: African Health Source Type: news

What is the Interval For Non-simultaneous Administration of Live Virus Vaccines?
Discussion Vaccines are a mainstay of infectious disease prevention and health promotion. Infants, children and adults benefit from vaccines the most when they are given on the recommended schedules. However there are times when this is not possible as children come to the physician a little early, or a little late, or had unavailable records and so received addition vaccine, etc. There are many questions that arise because of these timing issues such as the one above. Standard vaccine schedules can be reviewed here. Commonly administered vaccines includes: Live-attenuated vaccines Cholera Measles, mumps, rubella (MMR ...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - July 9, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: pediatriceducationmin Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

Nigeria:Could a New Typhoid Vaccine End the Most Misdiagnosed Disease in Nigeria?
[Nigeria Health Watch] "Typhoid fever" has long been recognized as one of the most diagnosed diseases in Nigeria. The challenge is that when diagnosed properly, typhoid fever is actually a life-threatening infection caused by the bacterium Salmonella Typhi. It is usually spread through contaminated food or water, and symptoms, including prolonged fever, fatigue, headache, nausea, and abdominal pain are very similar to those of the most common cause of fever in Nigeria -- malaria. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - June 28, 2018 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Malawi:Country Should Consider a New Typhoid Vaccine
[Malawi News Agency] Lilongwe -Representative of the World Health Organization (WHO) Aziza Mwisongo has advised the Ministry of health to speedily consider adopting for the new typhoid vaccine. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - June 22, 2018 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Malawi:Govt in Negotiations for New Typhoid Vaccine
[Nyasa Times] Malawi is currently in negotiations for newly licensed and World Health Organizations (WHO) prequalified typhoid conjugate vaccines (TCVs) with Typbar-TCV which has longer lasting protection, fewer doses, and suitability for children under two years of age. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - June 21, 2018 Category: African Health Source Type: news

What Is Typhoid Fever?
QUINCY (CBS) – On Thursday it was confirmed that a child at a daycare and preschool in North Quincy had been diagnosed with typhoid fever, a disease rarely found in the United States. For many, the name brings to mind “Typhoid Mary,” but what exactly is typhoid fever? Here’s what WBZ-TV’s Dr. Mallika Marshall has to say: Typhoid fever, also known as enteric fever, is an infection caused by a type of salmonella bacteria. The infection causes chills, fever and belly pain, Dr. Marshall says. People with typhoid fever can also develop pink spots on their skin. (WBZ graphic) It can be contracted li...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - May 10, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Health News Dr. Mallika Marshall Local TV typhoid fever Source Type: news

Global Health: ‘ We ’ re Out of Options ’ : Doctors Battle Drug-Resistant Typhoid Outbreak
An aggressive typhoid strain, resistant to five types of antibiotics, is expected to replace other endemic strains worldwide. It could evolve to become untreatable. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - April 13, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: EMILY BAUMGAERTNER Tags: Typhoid Antibiotics Vaccination and Immunization Pakistan Epidemics Source Type: news

WHO recommends use of first typhoid conjugate vaccine
(Sabin Vaccine Institute) The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends the introduction of typhoid conjugate vaccine (TCV) for infants and children over six months of age in typhoid-endemic countries. This new policy will help ensure access to typhoid vaccination in communities most impacted by the disease, which is responsible for nearly 12 million infections and between 128,000 and 161,000 deaths a year. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - April 3, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Typhoid vaccine Vi conjugate cost  effective in various settings
(Source: PharmacoEconomics and Outcomes News)
Source: PharmacoEconomics and Outcomes News - March 1, 2018 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: news

First child vaccinated with typhoid conjugate vaccine in Africa
(University of Maryland School of Medicine) Today the University of Maryland School of Medicine's (UMSOM) Center for Vaccine Development (CVD) is proud to be part of vaccine history in Africa. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - February 21, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

First child vaccinated with typhoid conjugate vaccine in Africa
(University of Liverpool) History was made in the fight against typhoid fever today, as the first child in Africa was vaccinated in a clinical trial using a new generation of typhoid vaccines. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - February 21, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Global Health: W.H.O. Approves a Safe, Inexpensive Typhoid Vaccine
The first typhoid vaccine safe for infants has been used in India since 2005, but won final certification only after an unusual experiment on university students. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - January 3, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: DONALD G. McNEIL Jr. Tags: Vaccination and Immunization Typhoid Salmonella (Bacteria) World Health Organization India Source Type: news

Bharat Biotech's typhoid vaccine gets WHO pre-qualification
This enables the procurement and supplies of this vaccine to UNICEF, Pan-American Health Organisation (PAHO) and GAVI-supported countries, the Hyderabad-based company said in a statement. (Source: The Economic Times Healthcare and Biotech News)
Source: The Economic Times Healthcare and Biotech News - January 3, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

First typhoid conjugate vaccine achieves WHO prequalification, a key step in protecting children and reducing the burden of typhoid
(Sabin Vaccine Institute) A typhoid conjugate vaccine has been prequalified by the World Health Organization (WHO), bringing the vaccine one step closer to reaching millions more people at risk of typhoid. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - January 3, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Kenya:Kenyans to Get Vaccine That Protects Babies From Typhoid
[Nation] Millions of children in developing countries like Kenya will soon be protected against typhoid fever, following an approval by Gavi to support the introduction of a vaccine. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - December 12, 2017 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Vaccine alliance backs typhoid shots for poor with $85 million
LONDON (Reuters) - The GAVI global vaccine alliance has earmarked $85 million to help support the introduction of typhoid vaccines in poor countries where millions of children are at risk of the often deadly disease. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - November 30, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Can I Give Cholera Vaccine?
Discussion Cholera is caused by more than 200 serogroups of Vibrio cholerae, a Gram-negative rod that is waterborne. Only two (serogroup O1 which causes about 99% of the cases, and O139) cause disease. There are biotypes of each of these serotypes. The only known hosts are humans. The organism colonizes the epithelial lining of the gut. Cholera toxin is produced by some species and if produced binds to specific receptors on host cells, activating a series of steps which cases massive loss of sodium, potassium, chloride, hydrogen carbonate, and fluids in vomitus and feces. A review of causes of diarrhea can be found here. ...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - November 27, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: pediatriceducationmin Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

Nigeria:New Typhoid Vaccine Promises Protection for Infants
[Daily Trust] Researchers at Oxford University have shown that a next-generation conjugate vaccine is "safe and effective" in preventing typhoid, and can be used to protect both children and adults. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - October 30, 2017 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Typhoid vaccine set to have 'huge impact'
Around 22 million people get typhoid fever each year and 220,000 die. (Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition)
Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition - October 24, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Africa:New Typhoid Vaccine a Major Boost for Children
[East African] A new vaccine against typhoid has been proven to be safe and effective in preventing the disease, and can be used to protect both adults and children. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - October 18, 2017 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Tanzania: Dar to Benefit From Indian Discovered Typhoid Vaccine
[Daily News] TANZANIA and other countries are set to benefit from Indian developed typhoid vaccine, which can protect adults and children against the deadly ailment. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - October 5, 2017 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Trial data suggest new typhoid shot could halve infection rate
LONDON (Reuters) - A new typhoid vaccine developed by privately-held Bharat Biotech proved safe and highly immunogenic in a study and could be used to prevent millions of infections if it succeeds in final-stage clinical trials, researchers said on Friday. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - September 29, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Global Health: They Swallowed Live Typhoid Bacteria — On Purpose
A clinical trial enlisted some of England ’ s brightest minds, tempted by curiosity and cash. They proved a new typhoid vaccine works and could save children ’ s lives. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - September 29, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: DONALD G. McNEIL Jr. Tags: Typhoid Vaccination and Immunization Salmonella (Bacteria) Epidemics Gates, Bill and Melinda, Foundation Oxford University Lancet, The (Journal) Mallon, Mary (1869-1938) Oxford (England) Source Type: news

At What Height Do You Consider Preventative Treatment for Acute Mountain Sickness?
Discussion Acute mountain sickness (AMS) is a well-known problem for some people who travel to high altitude, especially altitudes> 2500 m (~8200 feet). Symptoms include headache, nausea or emesis, shortness of breath, dizziness, fatigue, difficulty sleeping and poor appetite. The incidence in adults ranges from 25% at 2975 m to up to 75% at 5896 m. The incidence in children is less clear but it appears that children are more susceptible at 45% for 16-19 year olds for similar altitudes. Risk factors are numerous including age, gender, obesity, ascent rate, altitude for sleeping, previous exposure to high altitude, previ...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - August 21, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: pediatriceducationmin Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

Typhoid Vaccine: New Hope for'Urgent Problem'? Typhoid Vaccine: New Hope for'Urgent Problem'?
Lack of vaccine access--and now antibiotic resistance--make typhoid fever particularly deadly for the most vulnerable. What is the hold-up?Medscape Public Health (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - August 15, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Public Health & Prevention Article Source Type: news

Typhim (Typhoid Vi Polysaccharide Vaccine) - updated on RxList
(Source: RxList - New and Updated Drug Monographs)
Source: RxList - New and Updated Drug Monographs - June 12, 2017 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: news

Nigeria: Nigerian Produces Vaccine Against Typhoid With Over 90% Efficacy
[This Day] Abuja -A vaccinologist, Dr. Simon Magaji Agwale, has produced a conjugate vaccine for the prevention of typhoid fever which he claims has an efficacy of 90 per cent and once taken, it sustains for a life time and has the capacity of preventing the disease worldwide. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - March 30, 2017 Category: African Health Source Type: news

He Treated The Very First Ebola Cases 40 Years Ago. Then He Watched The World Forget.
This article is part of HuffPost’s Project Zero campaign, a yearlong series on neglected tropical diseases and efforts to fight them. KINSHASA, Congo ― In early 2014, few people worried that the Ebola virus, which is up to 90 percent fatal, would pose a global threat. So the World Health Organization sent shockwaves around the world when it announced that Ebola was spreading out of control in West Africa. Before the epidemic was over two years later, it had killed thousands of people. They died in terrifying and painful ways, often passing the disease on to family members before and even after death....
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - March 24, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

He Treated The Very First Ebola Cases 40 Years Ago. Then He Watched The World Forget.
This article is part of HuffPost’s Project Zero campaign, a yearlong series on neglected tropical diseases and efforts to fight them. KINSHASA, Congo ― In early 2014, few people worried that the Ebola virus, which is up to 90 percent fatal, would pose a global threat. So the World Health Organization sent shockwaves around the world when it announced that Ebola was spreading out of control in West Africa. Before the epidemic was over two years later, it had killed thousands of people. They died in terrifying and painful ways, often passing the disease on to family members before and even after death....
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - March 24, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

Disease ‘ superspreaders ’ accounted for nearly two-thirds of Ebola cases, study finds
They are called superspreaders, the minority of people who are responsible for infecting many others during epidemics of infectious diseases. Perhaps the most famous superspreader was Typhoid Mary, presumed to have infected 51 people, three of whom died, between 1900 and 1907. Now scientists studying how Ebola spread during the 2014-2015 epidemic in West Africa […]Related:Common weed could help fight deadly superbug, study findsGet the lead out: Hundreds suffer poisoning from bullet fragments in their bodiesMore than 350 organizations write Trump to endorse current vaccines’ safety (Source: Washington Post: To Your Health)
Source: Washington Post: To Your Health - February 13, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news