What makes a virus 'super-spreader'?
Close proximity to others, not having symptoms or unknowingly shedding a large amount of a virus may make someone a 'super-spreader' like New York chef, Typhoid Mary (pictured right). (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - February 10, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Zimbabwe: Typhoid - 90% of Children in Hotspots Vaccinated
[The Herald] At least 90 percent of children between five and 16 years were vaccinated during the 2019 typhoid campaign in Harare's high risk areas, including 74 percent of those aged between six months and four years. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - February 3, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Viral Outbreaks Are Here to Stay. This is How Humans Will Fight Back
The year of the rat is off to an ominous start. “We just stay home and don’t go out,” says Mr. Dong. The 33-year-old researcher, who provided only one name, has no other options. He, his wife and their 3-month-old daughter live in Wuhan, the epicenter of an unfolding global health crisis. They’re treating the forced time at home as a holiday, though he says, “this is different than any of them before.” Families like his huddle in their homes, fearful that if they venture out, they will get sick. Since the first cases of a previously unknown pneumonia-like illness emerged in December, Wuh...
Source: TIME: Health - January 30, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Alice Park and Charlie Campbell Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

Do studies underestimate the prevalence of typhoid?
(PLOS) Blood culture surveillance programs are critical for estimating the prevalence of typhoid and paratyphoid fevers, but cases can be missed when patients don't seek medical care, or seek medical care and don't have a blood culture test. Researchers writing in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases have now calculated inflation factors that can be used to adjust these incidence rates to account for under-detection. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - January 16, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

New typhoid fever vaccine protects young children
(Reuters Health) - The first field trial of a new typhoid vaccine that can be used in young children provides protection for 81.6% of recipients, opening the door to better control of a disease that affects 11 million people each year and kills roughly 117,000. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - December 4, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Typhoid vaccine 'works fantastically well'
The jab is being given to nine million children in Pakistan at risk of a dangerous form of the infection. (Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition)
Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition - December 4, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Typhoid vaccine over 81% effective in tackling disease in Nepal
(University of Oxford) A large field study of typhoid conjugate vaccine (TCV) in Nepal has shown a single dose to be safe and effective in reducing typhoid in children aged 9 months to (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - December 4, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Pakistan grapples with drug-resistant typhoid outbreak
Early this year Muhammad Haider Sajjad, a thin bespectacled boy of 15, was hospitalized in Karachi, Pakistan's commercial capital. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - November 22, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Pakistan deploys new vaccine against 'superbug' typhoid outbreak
Pakistan began vaccinating millions of children against typhoid on Friday to try to control a drug-resistant superbug outbreak of the fever that has already infected some 11,000 people since 2016 and risks spreading internationally. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - November 15, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Malawi: Typhoid Outbreak Scare Hits Malosa Secondary School
[Nyasa Times] Over 30 students from Malosa secondary school have been admitted to hospital on suspicion of typhoid fear. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - November 12, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Human Health Is in the Hands of Bacteria
In the beginning, there were single-cell bacteria. They were the only life on earth for billions of years, then larger cells evolved, then multicellular organisms, and then plants and animals. But the bacteria never went away, and all organisms, including us humans, have had to learn to live with them. Today, the lessons they are teaching us could change the trajectory of human health for generations. When bacteria were first discovered more than three centuries ago, most attention was on the ones we fought, which caused diseases like cholera, typhoid and tuberculosis. Through vaccines and antibiotics, we have made amazing...
Source: TIME: Health - October 24, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Martin J. Blaser Tags: Uncategorized medicine Source Type: news

The Syria INGO Regional Forum statement on impact of military developments on the civilian population in northeast Syria
The Syria INGO Regional Forum, comprising 73 INGOs responding to the Syria crisis, expressed deep concern at the rapidly deteriorating humanitarian situation since Turkey’s military operation started on the 9 October. The UN estimates that more than 200,000 people have been displaced, and is planning to support up to 400,000 people with assistance and protection in the coming period.   Over three days Hasakeh city saw an estimated 60,000 new arrivals as a result of the violence, while hostilities in the area also damaged the main water station, leaving it out of service. 400,000 people, including 82,000 people i...
Source: Doctors of the World News - October 15, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Martina Villa Tags: Uncategorised Source Type: news

Sudan: Health Ministry Confirms Four Cases of Cholera
[Radio Dabanga] Khartoum / ED Damazin -The Ministry of Health confirmed four cases of cholera in Blue Nile state. It said in a statement issued yesterday that the National Laboratory for Public Health notified the ministry of the presence of cholera bacteria in four of the six samples it received from infected patients in Blue Nile state. Cases of typhoid have been found as well. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - September 12, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Zimbabwe: Typhoid Eruption Gives Zimbabwe a Health Scare
[CAJ News] Harare -ZIMBABWEAN civil society organisations have accused the government of violating citizens' rights following the outbreak of typhoid affecting hundreds of people. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - August 5, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Zimbabwe: Council to Blame for Killer Typhoid Outbreak - Report
[The Herald] The City of Gweru is to blame for a typhoid outbreak which left eight residents dead and over 2 000 others requiring medical assistance, a special service delivery report has alleged. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - August 1, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Defining cost effectiveness of a new typhoid test in Ghana
(Source: PharmacoEconomics and Outcomes News)
Source: PharmacoEconomics and Outcomes News - August 1, 2019 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: news

Zimbabwe: 850 Typhoid Cases Reported in Harare
[The Herald] HARARE has recorded at least 858 new typhoid cases in the last six months, with the city also battling a surge in diarrhoea cases, council reveals. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - July 26, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Edith Irby Jones, Barrier-Breaking Doctor in the South, Dies at 91
Watching her sister die of typhoid inspired her to become a doctor focused on treating poor people. She blazed a trail along the way. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - July 24, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Richard Sandomir Tags: Jones, Edith Irby (1927-2019) Blacks Doctors Medical Schools Segregation and Desegregation University of Arkansas Deaths (Obituaries) Source Type: news

Edith Irby Jones, Pioneering Black Doctor in the South, Dies at 91
Watching her sister die of typhoid inspired her to become a doctor focused on treating poor people. She blazed a trail along the way. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - July 24, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Richard Sandomir Tags: Edith Irby Jones Blacks Doctors Deaths (Obituaries) Medical Schools Segregation and Desegregation University of Arkansas Source Type: news

Why do media and health officials continue to freak out about measles when almost everyone is already vaccinated?
(Natural News) Another new case of measles has been identified, this time in Los Angeles County where typhoid fever, tuberculosis, and even bubonic plague are making a comeback thanks to rampant illegal immigration and homelessness. But rather than take a step back and evaluate the facts, authorities are once again freaking out about some people... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - July 10, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Zimbabwe: Stakeholders Called to Act As Typhoid Returns to Glen View
[263Chat] A local water advocacy group, Community Water Alliance (CWA) has called on stakeholders to chip in and provide alternative sources of clean water to alleviate the deadly typhoid disease reported in Glen View, Harare for the second time in less than a year. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - July 3, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Union: LA officer gets typhoid fever, 5 others show symptoms
The union for Los Angeles police officers says a detective has been diagnosed with typhoid fever and five others are showing symptoms (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - May 31, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

Officer gets typhoid fever; LA urged to clean homeless camps
The union for Los Angeles police officers is demanding the city clean up homeless encampments after a detective was diagnosed with typhoid fever and two others showed similar symptoms (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - May 30, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

Vaccine is a cost-effective solution for countries burdened by typhoid
A new YSPH study looks at the impact of Introducing a typhoid conjugate vaccine into routine child vaccine schedules for low- and middle-income countries. (Source: Yale Science and Health News)
Source: Yale Science and Health News - May 24, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Nigeria: It's Not Typhoid - Tackling Misdiagnosis of Typhoid Fever in Nigeria
[Nigeria Health Watch] Editor's Note: This week's blog is a personal story from a Nigeria Health Watch team member, Patience Adejo. She writes about her experience being diagnosed with Typhoid Fever multiple times using the Widal test, only to recently learn that the test does not give the most accurate diagnosis for typhoid fever. She delves into the standard procedure for diagnosing typhoid fever in Nigeria and the need for renewed scrutiny and adherence to diagnosis guidelines. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - April 17, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Zimbabwe: Govt On High Alert for Diseases
[The Herald] Government is on high alert and has put in place measures to counter communicable diseases that might arise as a result of Cyclone Idai, amid reports equally affected Mozambique and Malawi are battling to contain typhoid, cholera and malaria outbreaks. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - March 27, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

How Long Does Fecal Shedding Occur for Oral Vaccines?
Discussion Vaccination has reduced infectious disease morbidity and mortality since its introduction. Vaccines can be given intramuscularly, subcutaneously or orally. Oral virus vaccines currently used in the US include rotavirus, cholera, typhoid and adenovirus. Adenovirus vaccine is used in military personnel. As these are attenuated viruses there is concern for household contacts who are immunocompromised who may inadvertently be exposed to the virus through fecal shedding. Additionally, there is a concern that the attenuated virus may mutate and revert back to its wild-form and potentially cause disease. Injectable po...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - March 25, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: pediatriceducationmin Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

Researchers unveil progress and challenges in introducing typhoid conjugate vaccine in Africa/Asia
(University of Maryland School of Medicine) Each year there are nearly 11 million cases of typhoid, a disease that is spread through contaminated food, drink and water. Researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine are leading an international consortium that is studying the impact of a typhoid conjugate vaccine (TCV) in an effort to accelerate introduction of the vaccine in countries in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia where there is a high burden of typhoid. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 8, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Africa: Africa's First-Ever Mass Typhoid Fever Vaccination Campaign Ends
[WHO] It was the third day of the first-ever vaccination campaign in Africa against typhoid fever. Twenty-seven-year-old Sarah Nyamande was one of many mothers lining up in the unique outreach post - a shopping mall in a Harare suburb. Health officials were offering children and others vulnerable to the disease what promises to be a new layer of protection, especially for families living in conditions of unsafe water and sanitation. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - March 5, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Zimbabwe: Behaviour Change Key in Fight Against Typhoid
[The Herald] Despite a recommendation by the World Health Organisation (WHO) that typhoid vaccines be considered for the control of endemic disease and outbreaks, uptake has remained limited in certain pockets of society including the Apostolic Sect. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - February 27, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Typhoid vaccine may protect against other infections
(University of Liverpool) New research by the University of Liverpool and Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine shows that vaccination with weakened strains of Salmonella may also protect against other infections. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - February 27, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Zimbabwe: Mass Typhoid Vaccinations Begin
[The Herald] Zimbabwe became the first country in Africa to vaccinate against typhoid yesterday when it rolled out a campaign in nine typhoid hotspots in Harare. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - February 26, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Zimbabwe: Govt to Roll Out Typhoid Vaccination
[The Herald] About 325 000 residents between the ages of six months and 45 years from nine selected high-density and typhoid-burdened suburbs in Harare will from Monday start receiving vaccinations against typhoid, making Zimbabwe the first country in Africa to vaccinate against typhoid, Health and Child Care Minister Dr Obadiah Moyo has said. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - February 23, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Tanzania: From the Field - 'Harvested' Rainwater Saves Tanzanian Students From Stomach Ulcers, Typhoid
[Africa Renewal] The students in the Tanzanian town of Bagamoyo once had to decide between getting sick or being thirsty all day long. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - February 22, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Drug-Resistant Salmonella Typhi Infections Among Travelers Drug-Resistant Salmonella Typhi Infections Among Travelers
Recent cases of highly drug-resistant typhoid fever in returning travelers underscore the need for physicians to be aware of current global outbreaks, as well as their appropriate treatment.Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - February 1, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Public Health & Prevention Journal Article Source Type: news

Notes from the Field: Typhoid Fever Outbreak - Harare, Zimbabwe, October 2017-February 2018 | MMWR
On October 16, 2017, after identifying a suspected typhoid fever case in a resident of Mbare suburb in Harare, Zimbabwe, the city health department investigated further and, as of February 24, 2018, had identified a total of 3,187 suspected cases. (Source: CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report)
Source: CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report - January 18, 2019 Category: American Health Tags: MMWR Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report Typhoid Fever Source Type: news

Congo-Kinshasa: New Hope With Ebola Drug Trial
[WHO] By the time Kambale Kombi Vianey arrived at the Ebola Treatment Centre (ETC) in Beni in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in late November, he was at death's door. In the week since falling ill, he'd initially been misdiagnosed with malaria and typhoid, and then a traditional healer told him he'd been poisoned. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - January 12, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Emergence of Extensively Drug-Resistant Salmonella Typhi Infections Among Travelers to or from Pakistan - United States, 2016-2018
During 2006-2015, 79% of isolates from U.S. typhoid fever patients who traveled to Pakistan were fluoroquinolone nonsusceptible. (Source: CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report)
Source: CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report - January 10, 2019 Category: American Health Tags: MMWR Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report Travelers' Health Typhoid Fever Source Type: news

Breath Test To Detect Multiple Cancers Early Begins Large Trial
(CNN) — A breathalyzer designed to detect multiple cancers early is being tested in the UK. Several illnesses are known to create signature smells from the body, including typhoid fever reported to smell like baked bread and the aroma of acetone, said to be similar to rotten apples, on the breath of diabetics. Recent research has also shown that a person’s breath could also indicate the presence of cancer. To test this theory, Cancer Research UK have launched a two-year trial into a clinical device, called the Breath Biopsy, to find out if exhaled airborne molecules can be useful for cancer detection. (Image cr...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - January 3, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Health News Cancer CNN Local TV Source Type: news

Typhoid fever – Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Pakistan Health Authorities have reported an ongoing outbreak of extensively drug resistant (XDR) typhoid fever that began in the Hyderabad district of Sindh province in November 2016. An increasing trend of typhoid fever cases caused by antimicrobial resistant (AMR) strains ofSalmonella enterica serovar Typhi (orS. Typhi) poses a notable public health concern. In May 2018, the case definitions for non-resistant, multi-drug resistant (MDR) and XDR typhoid fever were formally agreed by the Regional Disease Surveillance and Response Unit (RDSRU) in Karachi, following a review by an expert group of epidemiologists, clinicians...
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - December 27, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

UMSOM and GRAS begin second typhoid conjugate vaccine study in africa
(University of Maryland School of Medicine) A new study has been launched in Burkina Faso for Bharat Biotech's typhoid conjugate vaccine (TCV). It is the second clinical study underway in Africa for the vaccine and the first in West Africa. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - December 3, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Sudan: Concerns Over Spread of Disease Following Rains in Port Sudan
[Radio Dabanga] Port Sudan -The residents of Port Sudan, capital of eastern Sudan's Red Sea state, have complained of the spread of flies and mosquitoes due to recent rains. They expressed concern over the emergence and spread of diseases of ophthalmic, malaria, diarrhoea, and typhoid. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - November 12, 2018 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Recognition and Management of Drug-Resistant Typhoid Fever Recognition and Management of Drug-Resistant Typhoid Fever
Know the signs and symptoms as well as risk factors for typhoid fever, and which tests to order when the infection is suspected.CDC Expert Commentary (Source: Medscape Infectious Diseases Headlines)
Source: Medscape Infectious Diseases Headlines - October 8, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Infectious Diseases Commentary Source Type: news

Almanac: The strange case of Typhoid Mary
September 23, 1869 marked the birth of Mary Mallon, who would become a "healthy carrier" of a communicable disease, with fatal consequences. Jane Pauley reports on the woman remembered today as "Typhoid Mary." (Source: Health News: CBSNews.com)
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - September 23, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Almanac: Typhoid Mary
September 23, 1869 marked the birth of the woman who would become a "healthy carrier" of a communicable disease, who would end her life in quarantine (Source: Health News: CBSNews.com)
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - September 23, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Student Loans Helped Osoro Build a Business and Expand Health Care in Rural Kenya
September 20, 2018He had almost given up on  his dream of owning a health care enterprise. Then he learned about the Afya Elimu Fund. It is 10AM local time, and in Karantini village, Kenya, an elderly man with a walking stick is limping out of the consultations room at Bethany Medical Clinic. You can see he is being careful not to hurt his leg. This is because he ’s recovering from a festering wound that had almost become gangrenous.He is the ninth patient since daybreak for health worker Statius Osoro Ondiba, 24, the proprietor of the medical facility.For months before visiting the clinic, the old man, who...
Source: IntraHealth International - September 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: mnathe Source Type: news

Zimbabwe:Vendors Meet Minister Nyoni Over Cholera Outbreak, Evictions
[Kubatana.net] Yesterday, Monday the 17th of September, the Vendors Initiative for Social and Economic Transformation (VISET) leadership met with the newly appointed Minister of Women Affairs, Community, Small and Medium Enterprises Developments Hon Sithembiso Nyoni at her offices located at Kaguvi Building. The meeting took place against the backdrop of the outbreak of Cholera and Typhoid in Harare and some parts of the country and the subsequent decision by the Government to evict vendors operating within the Central B (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - September 19, 2018 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Zimbabwe:Mnangagwa Commits to Eradicate Medieval Diseases
[263Chat] President Emmerson Mnangagwa has committed to eradicate medieval diseases such as cholera and typhoid saying his government is working to address challenges related to clean water and sanitation provision as well as sustainable waste management practices. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - September 19, 2018 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Zimbabwe:President Okays U.S.$64 Million Budget to Fight Cholera
[The Herald] President Mnangagwa has approved a budget of nearly $64 million for immediate needs in the fight against dual outbreaks of cholera and typhoid in Harare and other parts of the country, chairperson of the Cabinet committee on emergency preparedness and disaster management, Minister July Moyo has said. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - September 19, 2018 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Zimbabwe:Tracing the Origins of Misery
[The Herald] A reputation for typhoid and cholera outbreaks has developed in Glen View, Budiriro and other south-western suburbs judging by recent trends. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - September 17, 2018 Category: African Health Source Type: news