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Study finds new superbug typhoid strain behind Pakistan outbreak
LONDON (Reuters) - An outbreak of typhoid fever in Pakistan is being caused by an extensively drug resistant "superbug" strain, a sign that treatment options for the bacterial disease are running out, scientists said on Tuesday. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - February 20, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Typhoid outbreak: Genetic cause of extensive drug-resistance found
This study shows the typhoid strain causing the outbreak acquired an additional piece of DNA to become resistant to multiple antibiotics, including a third-generation antibiotic. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - February 20, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Zimbabwe:At Least 200 Cases Reported As Typhoid Hits Harare - Report
[News24Wire] Zimbabwean health officials have reportedly said that at least 200 cases of typhoid have been recorded in Harare, adding that the country is on high alert following a cholera outbreak in Zambia. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - January 18, 2018 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Possible cause of early colonial-era Mexican epidemic identified
(Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History) Researchers from the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Harvard University and the Mexican National Institute of Anthropology and History have used new methods in ancient DNA research to identify Salmonella enterica Paratyphi C, a pathogen that causes enteric fever, in the skeletons of victims of the 1545-1550 cocoliztli epidemic in Mexico, identifying a possible cause of this devastating colonial epidemic, as published in Nature Ecology and Evolution. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Typhoid fever
What is typhoid fever? Typhoid fever is a life-threatening infection caused by the bacterium Salmonella Typhi. (Source: WHO Feature Stories)
Source: WHO Feature Stories - January 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: typhoid [subject], typhoid, salmonella typhi, enteric fever, typhoid fever, Q & A [doctype] Source Type: news

Zambia:Cholera Fight - Get Rid of Illigal Markets
[Times of Zambia] ZAMBIA'S major towns are awash with illegal markets which are not only an eyesore but a breeding ground for waterborne diseases such as cholera and typhoid. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - January 5, 2018 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Global Health: W.H.O. Approves a Safe, Inexpensive Typhoid Vaccine
The first typhoid vaccine safe for infants has been used in India since 2005, but won final certification only after an unusual experiment on university students. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - January 3, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: DONALD G. McNEIL Jr. Tags: Vaccination and Immunization Typhoid Salmonella (Bacteria) World Health Organization India Source Type: news

Bharat Biotech's typhoid vaccine gets WHO pre-qualification
This enables the procurement and supplies of this vaccine to UNICEF, Pan-American Health Organisation (PAHO) and GAVI-supported countries, the Hyderabad-based company said in a statement. (Source: The Economic Times Healthcare and Biotech News)
Source: The Economic Times Healthcare and Biotech News - January 3, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

First typhoid conjugate vaccine achieves WHO prequalification, a key step in protecting children and reducing the burden of typhoid
(Sabin Vaccine Institute) A typhoid conjugate vaccine has been prequalified by the World Health Organization (WHO), bringing the vaccine one step closer to reaching millions more people at risk of typhoid. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - January 3, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

UCLA senior delivers digital health monitoring to fight disease in Cameroon
As Vikash Singh looks forward to 2018 he is also looking forward to witnessing his education in action. Specifically how his background in medical research, artificial intelligence and machine learning — along with a $5,000UCLA Global Citizens Fellowship award and some innovative thinking — may potentially help save lives in Cameroon.Doctors at the HSPC Polyclinic in Kumba, a city located in the country ’s southwest region, will soon begin uploading patient information to a software application designed by Singh and a team of student programmers through Project DataReach, a company Singh launched in 2015 ...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - December 18, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Kenya:Kenyans to Get Vaccine That Protects Babies From Typhoid
[Nation] Millions of children in developing countries like Kenya will soon be protected against typhoid fever, following an approval by Gavi to support the introduction of a vaccine. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - December 12, 2017 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Typhoid fever toxin has a sweet tooth
(Cornell University) Although the insidious bacterium Salmonella typhi   has been around for centuries, very little is actually known about its molecular mechanisms. A new study from researchers at the College of Veterinary Medicine addresses this knowledge gap and may lead to novel, targeted treatments. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - December 11, 2017 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Tanzania:Govt Loses U.S.$151 Billion in Fighting Epidemics
[Citizen] 2017dodoma -The government is annually losing at least Sh340 billion in treating diarrhoea, cholera and typhoid as a result of poor sanitation throughout the country. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - December 7, 2017 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Vaccine alliance backs typhoid shots for poor with $85 million
LONDON (Reuters) - The GAVI global vaccine alliance has earmarked $85 million to help support the introduction of typhoid vaccines in poor countries where millions of children are at risk of the often deadly disease. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - November 30, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

“Ambition & Action ” Needed to End Open Defecation
Women village councilors in Penakota, a village in southeast India, go out into a field to relieve themselves, as there are no toilets in their workplace. Credit: Stella Paul/IPSBy Will HigginbothamUNITED NATIONS, Nov 27 2017 (IPS)What would life be like without access to a toilet? What if our waste was not properly disposed of?For those in the developed world, such questions are hard to fathom, but for 2.3 billion people around the world it’s a reality. Without access to a toilet many are forced to defecate in the open, significantly increasing the changes of spreading diseases.The sixth Sustainable Development Goal...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - November 27, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Will Higginbotham Tags: Development & Aid Gender Global Headlines Health Poverty & SDGs Water & Sanitation Source Type: news

Can I Give Cholera Vaccine?
Discussion Cholera is caused by more than 200 serogroups of Vibrio cholerae, a Gram-negative rod that is waterborne. Only two (serogroup O1 which causes about 99% of the cases, and O139) cause disease. There are biotypes of each of these serotypes. The only known hosts are humans. The organism colonizes the epithelial lining of the gut. Cholera toxin is produced by some species and if produced binds to specific receptors on host cells, activating a series of steps which cases massive loss of sodium, potassium, chloride, hydrogen carbonate, and fluids in vomitus and feces. A review of causes of diarrhea can be found here. ...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - November 27, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: pediatriceducationmin Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

WHO gravely concerned by deteriorating situation in eastern Ghouta, Syrian Arab Republic
22 November 2017, Damascus, Syrian Arab Republic – Seven people have been killed and 42 people injured in Damascus city and surrounding areas in recent days. In eastern Ghouta, Rural Damascus, local health authorities report that during a 4-day period alone from 14 to 17 November, 84 people were killed, including 17 children and 6 women; and 659 people were injured, including 127 children and 87 women. During the same period, more than 200 surgical operations were conducted in eastern Ghouta’s overwhelmed and under-resourced hospitals. Despite escalating violence and increasing humanitarian needs, life-savin...
Source: WHO EMRO News - November 22, 2017 Category: Middle East Health Source Type: news

Zimbabwe:Suspected Typhoid Cases in Bulawayo
[The Herald] Two suspected typhoid cases have been reported at Mpilo Central Hospital in Bulawayo. According to the Ministry of Health and Child Care weekly surveillance report, the two cases were among 22 new suspected typhoid cases detected in the country. The report said no deaths were reported from the cases recorded during the week ending November 5. "From the reported cases, 20 were from Harare City Health and two from Mpilo Central Hospital in Bulawayo," the report said. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - November 21, 2017 Category: African Health Source Type: news

ITV's Victoria prompts debate over Prince Albert's death
The public were sceptical over Albert's official of death cause which was typhoid fever. But there were no reported cases anywhere Albert visited before death. Did his doctors misdiagnose him? (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - November 17, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Zimbabwe:City Steps Up War On Typhoid
[The Herald] Harare City Council is supplying Mbare with running water on a daily basis as well repairing all the burst sewer pipes to contain the typhoid outbreak in the oldest suburb, Acting Town Clerk Mrs Josephine Ncube has said. As of yesterday, 15 people were still admitted at Beatrice Road Infectious Diseases Hospital after the setting up of a 24-hour clinic to manage the typhoid outbreak. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - November 8, 2017 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Zimbabwe:Typhoid - Harare Councillors Demand Answers
[New Zimbabwe] Harare councillors have warned of a ravaging typhoid plague in the looming rainy season and demanded that city managers share information on how they are addressing service delivery problems blamed for outbreaks. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - November 2, 2017 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Zimbabwe:Is Harare Now a Huge Sewerage Pond?
[The Herald] The outbreak of typhoid in Harare last week torched a heated debate on social media with some observers blaming the city fathers for the scourge whilst others wanted to pin it on Government. As the typhoid debate ensued, new twists emerged on the matter when the City of Harare Director of Health Services, Dr Prosper Chonzi, told a local paper that the municipality was seeking permission from Government to inoculate all residents against the medieval disease. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - October 31, 2017 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Nigeria:New Typhoid Vaccine Promises Protection for Infants
[Daily Trust] Researchers at Oxford University have shown that a next-generation conjugate vaccine is "safe and effective" in preventing typhoid, and can be used to protect both children and adults. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - October 30, 2017 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Zimbabwe:Typhoid Outbreak Blamed On City of Harare
[263Chat] Minister of Health and Child Care, Dr David Parirenyatwa expressed disappointment at the City of Harare Health Department for its negligence in Mbare leading to the typhoid outbreak at Matapi Flats. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - October 26, 2017 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Zimbabwe:Harare Cuts Water Amid Typhoid Outbreak
[New Zimbabwe] A health disaster could be on the horizon in Harare following the announcement by the city authorities that there will be water supply interruption in the western suburbs. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - October 26, 2017 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Zimbabwe:Typhoid Outbreak Hits Harare
[The Herald] Seventeen cases of typhoid have been confirmed at Matapi Flats in Mbare and authorities have since set up a 24-hour clinic to manage patients. The city's director for health services, Dr Prosper Chonzi, told ZBC News yesterday that 12 patients have since been transferred to Beatrice Road Infectious Diseases Hospitals (BRIDH). "So far, we have confirmed 17 cases of typhoid," said Dr Chonzi. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - October 25, 2017 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Typhoid vaccine set to have 'huge impact'
Around 22 million people get typhoid fever each year and 220,000 die. (Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition)
Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition - October 24, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Africa:New Typhoid Vaccine a Major Boost for Children
[East African] A new vaccine against typhoid has been proven to be safe and effective in preventing the disease, and can be used to protect both adults and children. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - October 18, 2017 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Zimbabwe: Typhoid Epidemic Claims Six
[CAJ News] Harare -An outbreak of typhoid has resulted in the deaths of at least six people in disease-prone Zimbabwe. The deaths have been reported from some 83 cases that have been laboratory confirmed this year. There were a total of 2 531 suspected typhoid cases throughout. Several new cases have been confirmed in the capital Harare and Hurungwe district in Mashonaland West province in recent weeks. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - October 11, 2017 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Tanzania: Dar to Benefit From Indian Discovered Typhoid Vaccine
[Daily News] TANZANIA and other countries are set to benefit from Indian developed typhoid vaccine, which can protect adults and children against the deadly ailment. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - October 5, 2017 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Trial data suggest new typhoid shot could halve infection rate
LONDON (Reuters) - A new typhoid vaccine developed by privately-held Bharat Biotech proved safe and highly immunogenic in a study and could be used to prevent millions of infections if it succeeds in final-stage clinical trials, researchers said on Friday. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - September 28, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Global Health: They Swallowed Live Typhoid Bacteria — On Purpose
A clinical trial enlisted some of England ’ s brightest minds, tempted by curiosity and cash. They proved a new typhoid vaccine works and could save children ’ s lives. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - September 28, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: DONALD G. McNEIL Jr. Tags: Typhoid Vaccination and Immunization Salmonella (Bacteria) Epidemics Gates, Bill and Melinda, Foundation Oxford University Lancet, The (Journal) Mallon, Mary (1869-1938) Oxford (England) Source Type: news

The FDA Is Coming Around to the Idea That Cheese, Microbes, and Mold Can Work Just Fine
Fuzzy ashen mold billows around wheels of cheese stacked on wooden planks at La Ferme de L’Abérieux. Inside its cheese cave nestled in the hills of Cordon, southeastern France, proprietor Albert Bottollier Depois removes one wheel and lowers it to the wide eyes of two children. “Mushrooms,” he says threading his fingers through the cloudy wreath of fungus forming the cheese’s distinctive crust. For a stronger cheese, he’ll even pierce the rind so it seeps in and blooms in the eyes. This is a Tomme de Savoie, one of France’s most distinguished and sought-after cheeses. And yet it h...
Source: TIME.com: Top Science and Health Stories - September 22, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Casey Quackenbush / Cordon, France Tags: Uncategorized Cheese Food Safety onetime Source Type: news

Statin could be a weapon in the fight against typhoid
Statins may be able to fight deadly typhoid fever as well as lowering cholesterol, according to scientists from Duke University in the US. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - August 21, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Cholesterol breakthrough: Statins could also fight THIS deadly disease
CHOLESTEROL can cause heart disease, heart attack, and stroke, but may be lowered through statins. These drugs may also be used to fight infectious diseases, such as malaria and typhoid, according to new research. (Source: Daily Express - Health)
Source: Daily Express - Health - August 21, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Cholesterol-lowering drugs may fight infectious disease
(Duke University) Duke scientists found a gene variant that affects cholesterol levels also could increase the risk of contracting typhoid fever. A common cholesterol-lowering drug could protect animal models against Salmonella Typhi, the culprit behind the potentially deadly infection. The findings give insight into the mechanisms that govern human susceptibility to infectious disease and point to possible avenues to protect against pathogens -- like Salmonella or Ebola -- whose entry into host cells is regulated by cholesterol. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 21, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

At What Height Do You Consider Preventative Treatment for Acute Mountain Sickness?
Discussion Acute mountain sickness (AMS) is a well-known problem for some people who travel to high altitude, especially altitudes> 2500 m (~8200 feet). Symptoms include headache, nausea or emesis, shortness of breath, dizziness, fatigue, difficulty sleeping and poor appetite. The incidence in adults ranges from 25% at 2975 m to up to 75% at 5896 m. The incidence in children is less clear but it appears that children are more susceptible at 45% for 16-19 year olds for similar altitudes. Risk factors are numerous including age, gender, obesity, ascent rate, altitude for sleeping, previous exposure to high altitude, previ...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - August 21, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: pediatriceducationmin Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

Typhoid Vaccine: New Hope for'Urgent Problem'? Typhoid Vaccine: New Hope for'Urgent Problem'?
Lack of vaccine access--and now antibiotic resistance--make typhoid fever particularly deadly for the most vulnerable. What is the hold-up?Medscape Public Health (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - August 15, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Public Health & Prevention Article Source Type: news

Zimbabwe: 'Harare Now Free of Typhoid'
[The Herald] There are no more cases of typhoid in Harare owing to measures taken by the Ministry of Health and Child Care and its partners, a Cabinet minister has said. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - August 7, 2017 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Kitchen sponges may be a 'bacteria hotspot' – but no need to worry
Conclusion There's no need to panic about the results of this study. Bacteria are everywhere, so it's no surprise to find them growing in kitchens. The researchers say sponges, being porous and usually damp, represent ideal conditions for bacteria to grow. The study found that one of the most dominant types of bacteria came from the Moraxella family. These bacteria are often found on human skin, so it's likely they got onto the sponges from people's hands. Moraxella are also linked to the unpleasant smell sometimes found after laundry has taken longer to dry, so they seem to be common in the household environment.  T...
Source: NHS News Feed - August 3, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Lifestyle/exercise Source Type: news

Nigeria: Widal Test Causes Typhoid Misdiagnosis, Wrong Treatment
[Daily Trust] Wrong widal tests have contributed to the misdiagnosis and poor management of typhoid fever in Nigeria, Daily Trust investigations have shown. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - July 24, 2017 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Zimbabwe: 'No Typhoid in Harare'
[The Herald] The Ministry of Health and Child Care yesterday said there were no confirmed cases of typhoid in Harare. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - June 22, 2017 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Zimbabwe: Typhoid Resurfaces
[The Herald] Sixteen cases of typhoid have been reported in some parts of the country, with 14 recorded in Harare, a weekly diseases surveillance report by the Ministry of Health and Child Care has indicated. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - June 21, 2017 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Typhim (Typhoid Vi Polysaccharide Vaccine) - updated on RxList
(Source: RxList - New and Updated Drug Monographs)
Source: RxList - New and Updated Drug Monographs - June 12, 2017 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: news

Zambia: Typhoid Outbreak in Lusaka
[Zambia Reports] Residents in Lusaka's Kalingalinga are up in arms with the Ministry of Health following the outbreak of typhoid in compound. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - May 24, 2017 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Zimbabwe: Three Nations Combine in Fight Against Malaria
[The Herald] Zimbabwe, Mozambique and Malawi have agreed to collaborate in fighting malaria and diarrhoeal diseases, amid revelations that 949 people have died of the disease since the beginning of this year in the three countries. There were four million recorded cases of malaria in the three countries during the same period. A further 13 016 people were treated for typhoid and another 2 131 were treated for cholera, of which a sizable number of cases occurred along the border lines. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - May 10, 2017 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Metabolic markers accurately diagnose typhoid fever
(eLife) Researchers have identified a metabolite 'signature' that can accurately distinguish typhoid from other fever-inducing tropical diseases using patient blood samples. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - May 9, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

East Africa: Drug Resistant Typhoid Strain Spreading - Microbiology Head
[Nation] Poor lab capability, surveillance and lack of sanitation are enabling the spread of a typhoid strain that is resistant to drugs, a researcher has warned. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - May 1, 2017 Category: African Health Source Type: news

1 dead, 14 sickened in New Zealand typhoid fever outbreak
An outbreak of typhoid fever among a church community in New Zealand has caused one death and left at least 14 other people hospitalized, health authorities said (Source: ABC News: Health)
Source: ABC News: Health - April 4, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

Nigeria: Water Borne Diseases Ravage Communities
[Daily Trust] Health experts said unsafe water has a lot of health implications. Dr Seun Adeleke, a public health expert, said poor water supply is a major route for transmission of typhoid fever, cholera and other water borne diseases. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - April 3, 2017 Category: African Health Source Type: news