How to use accident informations for your company's safety -contribution of risk assessment for accident prevention - Nakamura M.
Risk assessment is the cornerstone of safety management, but can it be said that it functions effectively to prevent accidents? Risk assessment is based on the accident investigation report of four serious accidents, the vinyl chloride monomer manufacturin... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

IntegraDose Compounding Services, LLC Issues Voluntary Nationwide Recall of Cefazolin Injection Products Due to a Lack of Sterility Assurance
Minneapolis, Minnesota, IntegraDose Compounding Services is voluntarily recalling nine lots, listed in the table below, of cefazolin 2 gram in 20 mL syringe for injection and two lots of cefazolin 3 gram in 100 mL 0.9% sodium chloride bag for injection due to a lack of sterility assurance resulting (Source: FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research - What's New)
Source: FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research - What's New - September 21, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: FDA Source Type: news

Micro-K (Potassium Chloride Extended-Release) - updated on RxList
(Source: RxList - New and Updated Drug Monographs)
Source: RxList - New and Updated Drug Monographs - September 1, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: news

ICU Medical, Inc. Issues a Voluntary Nationwide Recall of Lactated Ringer's Injection, USP and 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP Due to Presence of Particulate Matter
ICU Medical, Inc. (Nasdaq: ICUI) is voluntarily recalling one single lot of Lactated Ringer's Injection, USP, and one single lot of 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP. The products are being recalled to the hospital level due to the presence of particulate matter. (Source: FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research - What's New)
Source: FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research - What's New - August 19, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: FDA Source Type: news

MoviPrep (PEG-3350, Sodium Sulfate, SodiumChloride, Potassium Chloride, Sodium Ascorbate)
Title: MoviPrep (PEG-3350, Sodium Sulfate, SodiumChloride, Potassium Chloride, Sodium Ascorbate)Category: MedicationsCreated: 8/18/2021 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 8/18/2021 12:00:00 AM (Source: MedicineNet Medications General)
Source: MedicineNet Medications General - August 18, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: news

Disinfectant effectiveness against SARS-CoV-2 and influenza viruses present on human skin: model-based evaluation
Conclusions: Proper hand hygiene practices using alcohol-based disinfectants such as EA/IPA effectively inactivate SARS-CoV-2 and IAV on human skin. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - August 12, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Coating with Hypertonic Saline Improves Virus Protection of Filtering Facepiece Manyfold-Benefit of Salt Impregnation in Times of Pandemic
This study aimed to prove that hypertonic saline effectively reduces the infectious viral load on treated masks. Therefore, a hypertonic salt solution ´ s protective effect on surgical masks was investigated, specifically analyzing the infectivity of aerosolized Alphacoronavirus 1 in pigs (Transmissible Gastroenteritis Virus (TGEV)). Uncoated and hypertonic salt pre-coated FFPs were sprayed with TGEV. After drying, a defined part of the mask was rinsed with the medium, and the eluent was used for the infection of a porcine testicular cell line. Additionally, airborne microorganisms ´ long-term infectivity of so...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - August 12, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Hespan (6% Hetastarch in 0 .9% Sodium Chloride Injection) - updated on RxList
(Source: RxList - New and Updated Drug Monographs)
Source: RxList - New and Updated Drug Monographs - August 2, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: news

KCL in D5W (Potassium Chloride in 5% Dextrose Injection) - updated on RxList
(Source: RxList - New and Updated Drug Monographs)
Source: RxList - New and Updated Drug Monographs - July 28, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: news

Natural treatments: Salt nanoparticles are toxic to cancer cells, say researchers
(Natural News) A study led by University of Georgia researchers found that salt nanoparticles could kill cancer cells and confer anti-cancer immunity. Published in the journal Advanced Materials, the study showed that sodium chloride nanoparticles (SCNPs) could stealthily enter cancer cells and rip them apart from within, causing cell death. The cells’ death could then trigger an immune response that enables the body to... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - July 6, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

AC Feels Great, But It ’s Terrible for the Planet. Here’s How to Fix That
For the past few days, a heatwave has glowered over the Pacific Northwest, forcing temperatures in the region to a record-breaking 118ºF. Few people in the region—neither Americans nor Canadians—have air-conditioning. Stores sold out of new AC units in hours as a panicked public sought a reasonable solution to the emergency. Unfortunately, air-conditioning is part of what’s causing the unusual heatwave in the first place. We came close to destroying all life on Earth during the Cold War, with the threat of nuclear annihilation. But we may have come even closer during the cooling war, when the rising ...
Source: TIME: Science - June 30, 2021 Category: Science Authors: Eric Dean Wilson Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

What Types of New Therapies are Available for Cystic Fibrosis?
Discussion Cystic fibrosis (CF) was identified in 1938 by Dr. Dorothy Andersen who described 49 patients with pancreatic insufficiency. Since that time significant achievements in the knowledge about the disease and treatments for patients have changed the mortality from a few months to patients living into middle adulthood or even later. Quality of life for patients and their families and friends has also markedly improved. CF is the classic Mendelian autosomal recessive genetic disorder which is a worldwide disorder but affects people of north European ancestry more often where the main mutation is more common. There are...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - June 28, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pediatric Education Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

Inhaling muscle spray: a rising trend of abuse - Pothiawala S, Yong CK, Charles R.
Ethyl chloride was popular as an inhalant recreational drug in the 1980s. It is easily available in pharmacies as well as sold online as a topical anesthetic spray for pain relief. In recent times, its use is gaining popularity again among the youth as an ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 1, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Researchers discover how cells can survive in high salt concentrations
(Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB Barcelona)) Researchers from IRB Barcelona and UPF have identified a chloride channel involved in cell volume recovery under osmotic stress.The results have been published in the journal PNAS. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - June 1, 2021 Category: Biology Source Type: news

KCL in NS (Potassium Chloride in Sodium Chloride Injection) - updated on RxList
(Source: RxList - New and Updated Drug Monographs)
Source: RxList - New and Updated Drug Monographs - May 21, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: news

More than just ornamentals: Helani tulip extract is a natural remedy for mercuric chloride poisoning
(Natural News) Etlingera hemisphaerica, also known as helani tulip ginger or black tulip torch ginger, is a herbaceous plant known for its tulip-shaped, maroon flowers. It is native to Southwest Asia but also grows in Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand. Helani tulip ginger is widely cultivated as an ornamental plant, but it is also used by... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - May 17, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Side-by-side field comparison of snow and ice control chemicals for anti-icing applications - Rainwater KA, Lawson WD, Surles JG, Estrada FJ, Jackson WA.
This paper presents findings from a side-by-side field comparison of the effectiveness of sodium chloride-based road salt brine (RSB) and magnesium chloride-based Meltdown Apex ™ liquid (MDA) as anti-icing chemicals for snow and ice control associated wit... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Environmental Issues, Climate, Geophysics Source Type: news

Assessment of methylene chloride-related fatalities in the United States, 1980-2018 - Hoang A, Fagan K, Cannon DL, Rayasam SDG, Harrison R, Shusterman D, Singla V.
IMPORTANCE: Methylene chloride is a halogenated organic solvent widely used in paint strippers, cleaners, adhesives, and sealants. Despite label warnings and occupational standards, methylene chloride-related fatalities continue to occur in the United Stat... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Home and Consumer Product Safety Source Type: news

Methylene Chloride-Related Fatalities Persist in US Methylene Chloride-Related Fatalities Persist in US
Occupational safety standards and warning labels on methylene chloride haven't entirely eliminated fatalities from exposure to this widely used halogenated organic solvent, a new study suggests.Reuters Health Information (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - April 21, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Internal Medicine News Source Type: news

Workers' Deaths From Paint Stripping Chemicals Are on the Rise
WEDNESDAY, April 21, 2021 -- A deadly chemical in paint strippers continues to kill workers despite its known dangers, a new study finds. The chemical methylene chloride, also known as dichloromethane (DCM), is a solvent found in paint strippers,... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - April 21, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

CLIC1 and CLIC4 mediate endothelial S1P receptor signaling to facilitate Rac1 and RhoA activity and function
Chloride intracellular channels 1 (CLIC1) and 4 (CLIC4) are expressed in endothelial cells and regulate angiogenic behaviors in vitro, and the expression of Clic4 is important for vascular development and function in mice. Here, we found that CLIC1 and CLIC4 in endothelial cells regulate critical G protein–coupled receptor (GPCR) pathways associated with vascular development and disease. In cultured endothelial cells, we found that CLIC1 and CLIC4 transiently translocated to the plasma membrane in response to sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P). Both CLIC1 and CLIC4 were essential for mediating S1P-induced activation of th...
Source: Signal Transduction Knowledge Environment - April 20, 2021 Category: Science Authors: Mao, D. Y., Kleinjan, M. L., Jilishitz, I., Swaminathan, B., Obinata, H., Komarova, Y. A., Bayless, K. J., Hla, T., Kitajewski, J. K. Tags: STKE Research Articles Source Type: news

Deaths rising in workers using methylene chloride paint strippers
(University of California - San Francisco) Researchers and physicians from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and UC San Francisco have found that deaths of workers using methylene chloride paint strippers are on the rise. The solvent is widely used in paint strippers, cleaners, adhesives and sealants. (Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer)
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - April 19, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

Evaluating the Antimicrobial Properties of Commercial Hand Sanitizers, MSphere
Hand sanitizers have been developed as a convenient means to decontaminate an individual's hands of bacterial pathogens in situations in which soap and water are not available. Yet to our knowledge, no study has compared the antibacterial efficacy of a large collection of hand sanitizers. Using zone of growth inhibition and kill curve assays, we assessed the performance of 46 commercially available hand sanitizers that were obtained from national chain big-box stores, gasoline stations, pharmacies, and boutiques for antibacterial activity toward prototypical Gram-positive ( Staphylococcus aureus ) and Gram-negative ( Esche...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - April 15, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Potassium Chloride Extended Release Tablets (Potassium Chloride Extended Release Tablets) - updated on RxList
(Source: RxList - New and Updated Drug Monographs)
Source: RxList - New and Updated Drug Monographs - April 14, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: news

< a href= " /news-events/nih-research-matters/sweat-sticker-diagnosing-cystic-fibrosis " > “Sweat sticker” for diagnosing cystic fibrosis < /a >
Researchers created a “sweat sticker” for measuring chloride concentrations in sweat, a sign of cystic fibrosis. (Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH))
Source: NIH Research Matters from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) - April 13, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Gate-controlled BCS-BEC crossover in a two-dimensional superconductor
We report crossover behavior from the BCS limit to the BEC limit realized by varying carrier density in a two-dimensional superconductor, electron-doped zirconium nitride chloride. The phase diagram, established by simultaneous measurements of resistivity and tunneling spectra under ionic gating, demonstrates a pseudogap phase in the low-doping regime. The ratio of the superconducting transition temperature and Fermi temperature in the low–carrier density limit is consistent with the theoretical upper bound expected in the BCS-BEC crossover regime. These results indicate that the gate-doped semiconductor provide...
Source: ScienceNOW - April 8, 2021 Category: Science Authors: Nakagawa, Y., Kasahara, Y., Nomoto, T., Arita, R., Nojima, T., Iwasa, Y. Tags: Materials Science, Physics reports Source Type: news

Methylene chloride burns: a case report and review of literature - Chauhan N, Prasad RS.
Chemical burns account for a small percentage of burns but contribute to significant number of burn-related mortalities. The major challenge posed by chemical burns is difficulty in correct depth estimation, as the damage continues to progress until they a... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Anectine (succinylcholine chloride)
Title: Anectine (succinylcholine chloride)Category: MedicationsCreated: 3/30/2021 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 3/30/2021 12:00:00 AM (Source: MedicineNet Medications General)
Source: MedicineNet Medications General - March 30, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: news

Slow-K (Potassium Chloride) - updated on RxList
(Source: RxList - New and Updated Drug Monographs)
Source: RxList - New and Updated Drug Monographs - March 23, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: news

From animal care to gardening hacks: DIY PVC projects for your homestead
(Natural News) Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is a highly economical and versatile material typically used in building, construction and plumbing. It is also durable, lightweight and non-toxic for both animals and humans. Overall, these qualities make PVC a reliable material for creating tools and small structures for homesteading. Gardening PVC pipes do not expand when exposed to... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - March 15, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Strides Pharma arm receives USFDA nod for potassium chloride oral solution
Strides Pharma Global, Singapore, has received approval for Potassium Chloride for Oral Solution USP, 20 mEq from the United States Food and Drug Administration (USFDA), Strides Pharma Science said in a regulatory filing. (Source: The Economic Times Healthcare and Biotech News)
Source: The Economic Times Healthcare and Biotech News - March 15, 2021 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Poly(vinyl chloride) spheres coated with graphene oxide sheets: from synthesis to optical properties and their applications as flame-retardant agents - Baibarac M, Stingescu L, Stroe M, Negrila C, Matei E, Cotet LC, Anghel I, Şofran IE, Baia L.
A new method to obtain poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) spheres, which consists of an interaction between commercial PVC grains and hexyl ethyl cellulose and lauroyl peroxide at a temperature of 60 °C, is reported. The addition of the graphene oxide (GO) sheets... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - March 12, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Lithium chloride promotes recovery of radiation-induced oral mucositis and dysgeusia
(International& American Associations for Dental Research) Oral mucositis and taste dysfunction (dysgeusia) occurs in nearly all patients receiving head and neck radiotherapy and tremendously affects the quality of life and treatment outcome. The study " LiCl Promotes Recovery of Radiation-Induced Oral Mucositis and Dysgeusia " published in the Journal of Dental Research (JDR), investigated the hypothesis that lithium chloride (LiCl) can promote the restoration of oral mucosa integrity and taste function after radiation. (Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer)
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - March 11, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

Dextrose 5% in 0.9% Sodium Chloride (Dextrose and Sodium Chloride Inj) - updated on RxList
(Source: RxList - New and Updated Drug Monographs)
Source: RxList - New and Updated Drug Monographs - March 5, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: news

First anaphylaxis case from a deodorant spray including lysozyme chloride - Muramatsu R, Saga M, Muramatsu K.
[The publisher has not provided an abstract for this article.] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - March 4, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Hypertonic Saline (3% and 5% Sodium Chloride Injection) - updated on RxList
(Source: RxList - New and Updated Drug Monographs)
Source: RxList - New and Updated Drug Monographs - March 2, 2021 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: news

Sutab (sodium sulfate, magnesium sulfate, and potassium chloride)
Title: Sutab (sodium sulfate, magnesium sulfate, and potassium chloride)Category: MedicationsCreated: 2/18/2021 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 2/18/2021 12:00:00 AM (Source: MedicineNet Cancer General)
Source: MedicineNet Cancer General - February 18, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

Acute intranasal intoxication with mercuric chloride taken accidently instead of cocaine - a case report - Magdalan J, Sozanski T, Nowak K, Zawadzki M.
CONTEXT: Mercuric chloride (mercury (II) chloride) belongs to inorganic mercury compounds characterized by good water solubility and associated high toxicity. The paper describes an unusual case of intranasal intoxication with corrosive sublimate confused ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 15, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Short- and medium-chain chlorinated paraffins in polyvinylchloride and rubber consumer products and toys purchased on the Belgian market - McGrath TJ, Poma G, Matsukami H, Malarvannan G, Kajiwara N, Covaci A.
This study investigates the presence of Stockholm Convention listed short-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs) and their replacement medium-chain chlorinated paraffins (MCCPs) counterparts in polyvinyl chloride and rubber consumer products and toys purchase... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Home and Consumer Product Safety Source Type: news

Remyelinating drug could improve vision in patients with multiple sclerosis
(University of California - Riverside) A team led by a biomedical scientist at the University of California, Riverside, reports a drug -- an estrogen receptor ligand called indazole chloride (IndCl) -- has the potential to improve vision in patients with multiple sclerosis, or MS. The study, performed on mice induced with a model of MS and the first to investigate IndCl's effect on the pathology and function of the complete afferent visual pathway, is published in Brain Pathology. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - February 2, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Granules arm gets American health regulator's nod for Potassium Chloride Oral Solution
In a BSE filing, Granules said the US Food and Drug Administration (USFDA) has approved the abbreviated new drug application (ANDA) filed by Granules Pharmaceuticals, Inc (GPI), a wholly-owned foreign subsidiary of Granules India Ltd, for Potassium Chloride Oral Solution USP. (Source: The Economic Times Healthcare and Biotech News)
Source: The Economic Times Healthcare and Biotech News - February 1, 2021 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Calcium-Induced Autonomic Denervation Linked to Lower Post-op AF Calcium-Induced Autonomic Denervation Linked to Lower Post-op AF
Intraoperative injection of calcium chloride into the four major atrial ganglionated plexi reduced the incidence of early postoperative atrial fibrillation in a proof-of-concept study.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - January 14, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Cardiology News Source Type: news

Effects of various modeling uncertainty parameters on the seismic response and seismic fragility estimates of the aging highway bridges - Li H, Li L, Zhou G, Xu L.
This paper proposes an alternative time-dependent seismic fragility assessment framework for aging highway bridges considering the non-uniform chloride-induced corrosion and various modeling uncertainty parameters. Firstly, sensitivity analysis with the to... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 5, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Nanoscale control of internal inhomogeneity enhances water transport in desalination membranes
Biological membranes can achieve remarkably high permeabilities, while maintaining ideal selectivities, by relying on well-defined internal nanoscale structures in the form of membrane proteins. Here, we apply such design strategies to desalination membranes. A series of polyamide desalination membranes—which were synthesized in an industrial-scale manufacturing line and varied in processing conditions but retained similar chemical compositions—show increasing water permeability and active layer thickness with constant sodium chloride selectivity. Transmission electron microscopy measurements enabled us to dete...
Source: ScienceNOW - December 31, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Culp, T. E., Khara, B., Brickey, K. P., Geitner, M., Zimudzi, T. J., Wilbur, J. D., Jons, S. D., Roy, A., Paul, M., Ganapathysubramanian, B., Zydney, A. L., Kumar, M., Gomez, E. D. Tags: Engineering, Materials Science reports Source Type: news

Company led drug alert: Sodium chloride solution for injection
Fresenius Kabi Ltd has informed the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) that it is recalling a batch of Sodium chloride 0.9% solution for injection (PL 08828/0178) which has a p (Source: Royal Pharmaceutical Society News)
Source: Royal Pharmaceutical Society News - December 22, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: news

Strides gets USFDA nod for generic Oxybutynin Chloride tablets
Company's step-down wholly owned subsidiary Strides Pharma Global Pte Ltd, Singapore, has received approval for Oxybutynin Chloride Tablets USP, 5 mg from the United States Food& Drug Administration (USFDA), Strides said in a filing to BSE. (Source: The Economic Times Healthcare and Biotech News)
Source: The Economic Times Healthcare and Biotech News - December 18, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Experimental study on flammability and flame spread characteristics of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) cable - An W, Tang Y, Liang K, Wang T, Zhou Y, Wen Z.
Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is widely applied in cables as insulation materials, which are vital for operation and control of industrial processes. However, PVC cables fires frequently occur, arousing public concern. Therefore, experimental methods are use... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Fresenius Kabi Issues Voluntary Nationwide Recall of a Single Lot of Dexmedetomidine Hydrochloride Injection Due to Cross-Contamination of Lidocaine
Fresenius Kabi USA is voluntarily recalling a single lot of Dexmedetomidine HCl in 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, 200 mcg/50 mL (4 mcg /mL), 50 mL fill in a 50 mL vial. Fresenius Kabi initiated this recall due to a trace amount of lidocaine present in the lot. This recall is being performed to the (Source: FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research - What's New)
Source: FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research - What's New - November 19, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: FDA Source Type: news