How Our Modern World Creates Outbreaks Like Coronavirus
“Everyone knows that pestilences have a way of recurring in the world,” observes Albert Camus in his novel The Plague. “Yet somehow we find it hard to believe in ones that crash down on our heads from a blue sky. There have been as many plagues as wars in history; yet plagues and wars always take people by surprise.” Camus was imagining a fictional outbreak of plague in 1948 in Oran, a port city in northwest Algeria. But at a time when the world is reeling from a very real microbial emergency sparked by the emergence of a novel coronavirus in Wuhan, central China, his observations are as pertinent a...
Source: TIME: Health - February 7, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Mark Honigsbaum Tags: Uncategorized 2019-nCoV health ideas Source Type: news

Stopping onchocerciasis on two sides of a border
(PLOS) Pathogens don't pay attention to international borders, with transmission and endemic areas often stretching between countries. In the new work, Moses Katabarwa of the Carter Center, USA, and colleagues report in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases the first known and successful coordinated cross-border mass drug administration (MDA) effort with ivermectin to stop onchocerciasis. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - February 6, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Malaria: Vaccine clinical trial for pregnant women yields promising results
(INSERM (Institut national de la sant é et de la recherche m é dicale)) Malaria infection during pregnancy represents a major public health problem in the regions endemic for the disease, substantially increasing the risks to mothers and their unborn children. A new vaccine known as PRIMVAC has undergone a clinical trial to study its safety and collect preliminary data on its ability to induce an immune response. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - February 4, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Nigeria: Leprosy Still Endemic in 18 States - Govt
[This Day] Abuja -The federal government has said that 18 states are currently leprosy endemic, with few cases of the disease also being reported in others. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - January 30, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Nigeria: Lassa Fever Outbreak - Edo Govt Extends Support to Irrua Specialist Hospital
[This Day] With the recent resurgence of Lassa fever across endemic states in the country, the Edo State Government has firmed up mechanisms to fight the menace with the donation of 200 Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) to the Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, as part of efforts to curb the spread of the viral disease in the state. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - January 23, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Endemic violence in a pre-Hispanic Andean community: a bioarchaeological study of cranial trauma from the Majes Valley, Peru - Scaffidi BK, Tung TA.
This study examines violence-related cranial trauma frequencies and wound characteristics in the pre-Hispanic cemetery of Uraca in the lower Majes Valley, Arequipa, Peru, dating to the pre- and early-Wari periods (200-750  CE). Cranial wounds ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 18, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Commentary Source Type: news

Malaria Antigen Shed in Breast Milk of Mothers in Region With Endemic Malaria Malaria Antigen Shed in Breast Milk of Mothers in Region With Endemic Malaria
Malaria antigen is shed in the breast milk of mothers with asymptomatic malaria who live in northeastern Uganda, where malaria is endemic, researchers report.Reuters Health Information (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - January 9, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Infectious Diseases News Source Type: news

Gunmen in Pakistan Kill Two Police Escorting Polio Vaccinators Gunmen in Pakistan Kill Two Police Escorting Polio Vaccinators
Gunmen shot and killed two police officers escorting a polio vaccination team on Wednesday forcing a suspension of the immunization campaign in a district of northwest Pakistan, where the crippling disease is endemic.Reuters Health Information (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - December 19, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Medscape Today News Source Type: news

Combining 2 rapid tests for the accurate diagnosis of Chagas disease in the field
(Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal)) The combined use of 2 commercially available rapid diagnostic tests is effective for accurately diagnosing chronic Chagas disease in the field, according to a study led by the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal), an institution supported by 'la Caixa,' in collaboration with CEADES and Mundo Sano. The performance observed indicates that these tests could be used to diagnose chronic Chagas in highly endemic regions with poorly equipped laboratories. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - December 19, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Immunoassay May Help Identify Pediatric Lyme Arthritis Immunoassay May Help Identify Pediatric Lyme Arthritis
In Lyme disease-endemic areas, a C6 peptide enzyme immunoassay (EIA) test may help guide initial management of children with acute arthritis, an observational study suggests.Reuters Health Information (Source: Medscape Orthopaedics Headlines)
Source: Medscape Orthopaedics Headlines - December 18, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Pediatrics News Source Type: news

Measles – Pacific Island Countries and Areas
A resurgence of measles cases has been seen in all WHO Regions since 2017. In the Asia Pacific Region, outbreaks of measles have been reported from countries where measles has previously been eliminated (including Australia, Cambodia, Japan, New Zealand, Republic of Korea) and in endemic countries with high incidence rates (including Lao PDR, Malaysia, the Philippines, Thailand and Viet Nam). (Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks)
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - December 15, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Dengue fever – Afghanistan
On 1 May 2019, in response to increasing numbers of dengue fever cases in Pakistan and India, health authorities in Afghanistan heightened monitoring for the disease. As part of this increased vigilance, the Central Public Health Laboratory (CPHL) in Kabul began to broaden its investigation for possible cases of the disease, such as reviewing samples that tested negative for Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) to see if they were positive for dengue. The laboratory performed differential diagnosis and tests on 40 samples that had tested negative for Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF). Between 1 October to 4 December...
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - December 13, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Bangladesh Can Be Leprosy-Free Before 2030 Prime Minister Tells National Zero Leprosy Conference
Mr Yohei Sasakawa, chairman of the Nippon Foundation and Sasakawa Health Foundation and WHO Goodwill ambassador. Credit : Crystal Orderson / IPSBy Rafiqul Islam and Crystal OrdersonDHAKA, Bangladesh, Dec 11 2019 (IPS) Leprosy is not a curse but should be detected and treated early, Bangladeshi Prime Minister, Sheikh Hasina, has told delegates at a gathering in her country’s capital to discuss the elimination of the disease. “In the past, it was thought that leprosy was a curse. But it was not a curse at all. The disease is caused by bacteria (Mycobacterium Leprae). We should fight it through research,” H...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - December 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Rafiqul Islam and Crystal Orderson Tags: Asia-Pacific Conferences Development & Aid Featured Headlines Health Human Rights Poverty & SDGs TerraViva United Nations Women's Health National Leprosy Conference - Dhaka 2019 Source Type: news

Many Kids Traveling Overseas Aren't Vaccinated Against Measles
MONDAY, Dec. 9, 2019 -- Many American kids aren't vaccinated against measles before they travel overseas to areas where the disease is endemic, a new study finds. Nearly 60% of these children hadn't received the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR)... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - December 9, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Suffering in the hands of a loved one: the endemic to intimate partner violence and consequences on migrant female head-load carriers in Ghana - Adomako EB, Darkwa Baffour F.
The study contributed to filling a knowledge gap in the area of intimate partner violence (IPV). Previous studies conducted in Ghana have investigated the causes and types of IPV, leaving a gap on the consequences the violence had on the victims. Using a p... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Nigeria: Lagos to Eradicate Schistosomiasis in Seven Endemic Local Governments
[This Day] The Lagos State government said it will commence medical intervention campaign against Schistosomiasis, a neglected tropical disease, which is endemic in seven local government areas of the state. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - December 5, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Zimbabwe: UN Food Envoy - Children Underweight Due to Hunger
[New Zimbabwe] Chronic malnutrition and stunting is endemic throughout the country, where 90 percent of children aged 6 to 24 months only consume the minimal diet in order to survive, United Nations special rapporteur on the right to food Hilal Elver has said. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - December 2, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Polio outbreaks in Africa caused by mutation of strain in vaccine
New cases of highly infectious disease that should be ‘consigned to the history books’ reported in Nigeria, the DRC, CAR and AngolaNew cases of polio linked to the oral vaccine have been reported in four African countries and more children are now being paralysed by vaccine-derived viruses than those infected by viruses in the wild, according to global health numbers.The World Health Organization (WHO) and partners identified nine new cases caused by the vaccine in Nigeria, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic and Angola last week. Along with seven other African countries with outbreak...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - November 28, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Edna Mohamed Tags: Global development Polio Infectious diseases Health Medical research Children Africa Nigeria Democratic Republic of the Congo Central African Republic Angola Source Type: news

Four Ways to Prevent Deaths from Lassa Fever
Credit: S. Oka/WHO By Ifeanyi NsoforABUJA, Nov 27 2019 (IPS) Dr. Wouter, a Dutch doctor who helped perform surgeries and train colleagues in surgical skills in underserved areas of Sierra Leone died of Lassa Fever. He was infected as a result of performing a Caesarean section on an infected pregnant woman.  This was a very painful and avoidable death. I mourn with his family and the Dutch people over this loss. No health worker should die while trying to save lives. Sadly, every year 5,000 West Africans die from Lassa fever. Lassa fever is a viral disease of inequity and disproportionately affects ...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - November 27, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Ifeanyi Nsofor Tags: Africa Headlines Health Poverty & SDGs TerraViva United Nations Lassa Fever Source Type: news

As Donors Ramp up Polio Funding, Worries of Comeback Persist
Polio cases around have declined globally by more than 99 percent since 1988, but the type 1 poliovirus remains endemic in Pakistan and Afghanistan, where it has made a comeback this year and infected 102 people. Credit: Ashfaq Yusufzai/IPS By James ReinlUNITED NATIONS, Nov 20 2019 (IPS) Efforts to wipe polio off the face of the planet took a step forward this week, with a multibillion-dollar fundraiser in the Middle East helping eradication schemes tackle a virus that disproportionately kills and cripples children in poor countries. Donor governments and philanthropists pledged $2.6 billion on Tuesday in Abu Dhabi to...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - November 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: James Reinl Tags: Aid Asia-Pacific Development & Aid Featured Global Headlines Health IPS UN: Inside the Glasshouse Poverty & SDGs Regional Categories TerraViva United Nations polio eradication World Health Organization (WHO) Source Type: news

Study vaccine protects monkeys against four types of hemorrhagic fever viruses
(NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases) Scientists funded by the National Institutes of Health have developed an investigational vaccine that protected cynomolgus macaques against four types of hemorrhagic fever viruses endemic to overlapping regions in Africa. The University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston and Profectus BioSciences of New York are developing and testing the candidate quadrivalent VesiculoVax vaccine, with support from NIH's National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) and Redeemer's University in Nigeria. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - November 8, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Zika virus disease – France
On 9 October 2019, the French authorities reported an autochthonous Zika virus (ZKV) case in Hyeres, Var department, France. The case had reported symptom onset on 29 July 2019. No travel history to Zika endemic countries was reported for the patient or partner. Since this notification, French authorities reported an additional two probable autochthonous ZKV cases, identified through active case finding, in Hyeres, in the same area and same timeframe (symptom onsets of the three cases from 6 to 15 August 2019). All three patients have recovered. Epidemiological and entomological field investigations by French authorities a...
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - November 1, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Flesh-eating ulcer spreads to new regions, prompting Victoria health alert
Buruli ulcer has spread to town on Great Ocean Road and a suburb of GeelongThe spread to a new geographic area of Victoria of a severe tissue-destroying ulcer once rare in Australia has caused health authorities to issue a state-wide health alert to doctors.The Buruli ulcer occurs in very specific areas of Victoria and Queensland, and those who don ’t enter an endemic area don’t get the disease. In Victoria, transmission of the disease has until now been confined to the Bellarine and Mornington peninsulas.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - October 31, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Melissa Davey Tags: Infectious diseases Victoria Queensland Health Australia news Source Type: news

World Closer Than Ever to Seeing Polio Disappear for Good
A Pakistani child receives a dose of the oral polio vaccine (OPV). Credit: Ashfaq Yusufzai/IPSBy External SourceUNITED NATIONS, Oct 25 2019 (IPS) In a “historic achievement for humanity”, two of three wild poliovirus strains have been eliminated worldwide, the World Health Organization (WHO) announced on Thursday, following the conclusion by a group of experts that WPV3, type three of the disease, has been eradicated completely. The deadly viral disease is “very close” to disappearing altogether, with the number of affected children having dropped by 99 per cent since 1988, the UN Children...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - October 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: External Source Tags: Development & Aid Global Headlines Health Poverty & SDGs Polio Source Type: news

Al Gore on Impeachment, Adam Silver on China and Selma Blair on Her MS Diagnosis: Here Are Biggest Moments From the TIME 100 Health Summit
TIME held its first TIME 100 Health Summit on Thursday aiming to define — and shape — the future of health care. The Summit, which is an offshoot of the magazine’s annual TIME 100 list of influential people, featured scientists, politicians and entertainers, such as former President Bill Clinton, former Vice President Al Gore, NIH Director Dr. Francis Collins, actress Selma Blair, NBA commissioner Adam Silver, comedian Tig Notaro and former Planned Parenthood President Dr. Leana Wen. The day included a range of interviews, panels and performances. Here are the biggest moments from the Summit. Former Vice ...
Source: TIME: Health - October 18, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Madeleine Carlisle Tags: Uncategorized Comedy HealthSummit19 onetime Source Type: news

Can a Korean shrub help improve symptoms of memory decline?
(Natural News) Numerous studies have shown that medicinal plants can be used to treat various diseases with minimal side effects. Dendropanax morbifera, a shrub endemic to the Korean peninsula, is used in traditional medicine to treat various ailments, such as skin problems and headaches. New research suggests that D. morbifera leaves (DML) can also be used as a functional food to boost cognitive performance.... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - October 15, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Rural Poverty Is Still a Scar on the Soul of Colombia, but a New Program Supporting Agri-Entrepreneurship Can Help Heal the Wounds
The objectives for entrepreneurship include an alliance to enhance the development and productivity of rural Colombia, promoting a productive transformation with more innovation, increased labour and business formalization, and better public goods and services. Framed within this overall response, the Ministry of Agriculture, in collaboration with the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), has launched a new program, “El Campo Emprende” [Rural areas are enterprising], that benefits small producers, indigenous peoples, Afro-descendant communities, female heads of household, young people, and in ...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - October 14, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Jesus Quintana Tags: Aid Armed Conflicts Crime & Justice Economy & Trade Featured Food & Agriculture Gender Headlines Health Human Rights Indigenous Rights Inequity Labour Latin America & the Caribbean Peace Poverty & SDGs TerraViva United Nati Source Type: news

Nigeria: Improving Immunisation Coverage Through Local Emergency Coordination Centres
[Nigeria Health Watch] In the last three decades, the world has gone through a long and tough road in the push to eradicate the crippling wild poliovirus disease. From more than 350,000 cases across 125 countries in 1988, the disease has been reduced to 33 cases in only two countries  -- Afghanistan and Pakistan, by the end of 2018. Nigeria, once a poliovirus endemic country has not had a case since 2016, the result of various approaches, including improvements and sustenance of immunisation activities. However, arguably (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - October 8, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Medicinal mushroom used in traditional Taiwanese medicine protects the liver from inflammation, fibrosis, and cancer
(Natural News) Antrodia cinnamomea, also known as camphor fungus, is a parasitic fungus that thrives in the inner cavity of Cinnamomum kanehirae, a tree endemic to Taiwan. It is considered a medicinal mushroom and is used by Taiwanese people to treat liver disease, in particular, liver injury caused by excessive alcohol drinking. In a recent study, researchers from National... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - September 16, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

A New World? Are the Americas Returning to Old Problems?
By Jan LundiusSTOCKHOLM / ROME, Sep 12 2019 (IPS) When I in 1980 first arrived in America it was a new world to me. I went from New York to Puerto Rico and the Dominican Republic and like so many visitors and migrants before me I was overwhelmed by both familiar and strange impressions. Familiar due to books I had read and movies I had seen, strange since I encountered unexpected things and new because both I and several of those I met compared themselves to the “old world”, i.e. Euroasia and parts of Africa. A sense of uniqueness, admiration for an assumed freshness and difference, can be discerned in the wri...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - September 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Jan Lundius Tags: Crime & Justice Development & Aid Economy & Trade Featured Global Headlines Health Human Rights Migration & Refugees TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news

UCLA-led research reveals potential treatments for deadly tropical disease
Melioidosis is a tropical disease that claims an estimated 90,000 lives worldwide each year. There is no vaccine, and current treatments are hampered by the ability of the bacterium that causes the disease to resist even the strongest antibiotics.Hardy and lethal, that bacterium, Burkholderia pseudomallei, is classified by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as a potential bioweapon.UCLA-led research has identified two compounds that, based on tests on human cells and on mice, show potential for treating melioidosis. One is a widely used drug already approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration as an antifu...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - September 11, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Featured Review: Treating school children with drugs to kill soil - transmitted worms
In 2015 Cochrane published a review on this topic, which has now been updated to include six new trials, additional data from included trials, and addresses comments and criticisms.Global Advocacy organisations claim routine deworming of all school children at regular intervals with deworming drugs in areas where helminth infection is common has substantive health and societal effects beyond the removal of worms.This interview with David Taylor Robinson, Professor of Public Health and Policy, Honorary Consultant in Child Public Health at The University of Liverpool, tells us a little more about this review.What is dewormin...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - September 10, 2019 Category: Information Technology Authors: Katie Abbotts Source Type: news

Inside the Race to Build the World ’s First Commercial Octopus Farm
For decades, my father taught biology at Middlebury College in Vermont. One of his signature courses focused on invertebrates and, as a kid, I’d often tag along on class field trips to the Maine coast. Students would fan out across the rocky shore at low tide and count as many spineless creatures as they could—which, as it turns out, was pretty easy. There were dozens of invertebrate species to be found, including snails, crabs, starfish and, of course, lobster. I didn’t lay eyes on an octopus, however, until I was about 8. My dad sporadically hosted a lunch for his class, to which he brought an assortmen...
Source: TIME: Science - August 22, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Tik Root Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

Major subpopulations of Plasmodium falciparum in sub-Saharan Africa
Understanding genomic variation and population structure of Plasmodium falciparum across Africa is necessary to sustain progress toward malaria elimination. Genome clustering of 2263 P. falciparum isolates from 24 malaria-endemic settings in 15 African countries identified major western, central, and eastern ancestries, plus a highly divergent Ethiopian population. Ancestry aligned to these regional blocs, overlapping with both the parasite’s origin and with historical human migration. The parasite populations are interbred and shared genomic haplotypes, especially across drug resistance loci, which showed the strong...
Source: ScienceNOW - August 22, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Amambua-Ngwa, A., Amenga-Etego, L., Kamau, E., Amato, R., Ghansah, A., Golassa, L., Randrianarivelojosia, M., Ishengoma, D., Apinjoh, T., Maïga-Ascofare, O., Andagalu, B., Yavo, W., Bouyou-Akotet, M., Kolapo, O., Mane, K., Worwui, A., Jeffries, D. Tags: Genetics, Medicine, Diseases reports Source Type: news

Nigeria's three-year milestone takes Africa towards polio eradication
Nigeria marked three years free of endemic wild polio on Wednesday with health officials saying the nation's progress in fighting the crippling viral disease could result in the whole of Africa being declared polio-free early next year. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - August 21, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

World Health Organisation ’s New Effort Can Help End Neglected Tropical Diseases
In the Solomon Islands, approximately 40 percent of the population of 550,000 could have active Trachoma. Credit: Catherine Wilson/IPS.By Ifeanyi NsoforABUJA, Aug 19 2019 (IPS) Recently, the World Health Organisation (WHO) launched global consultations for a new Roadmap on how to eliminate Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs). The roadmap would help achieve universal health coverage by 2030, address health emergencies and promote healthier populations. This intervention is unprecedented because it could begin to reverse the neglect and inequities that the 17 main NTDs bring. Many NTDs are debilitating and red...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - August 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Ifeanyi Nsofor Tags: Development & Aid Global Headlines Health Source Type: news

Notes from the Field: A Multipartner Response to Prevent a Binational Rabies Outbreak --- Anse- à -Pitre, Haiti 2019
Canine rabies is endemic in Haiti and the Dominican Republic. (Source: CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report)
Source: CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report - August 15, 2019 Category: American Health Tags: Animal-Related Diseases Dog Bites Eye and Vision Health MMWR Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report Rabies Source Type: news

Endemic, outbreak or epidemic? Geographies of affliction, exposure and homicide immunity in Chicago - Ferrandino J.
This study analyzes Chicago homicides from 2... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 14, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Alcohol, but not depression or IPV, reduces HIV adherence among South African mothers living with HIV over 5  years - Rotheram-Borus MJ, Weichle TW, Wynn A, Almirol E, Davis E, Stewart J, Gordon S, Tubert J, Tomlinson M.
This article examines whether and how these conditions affect mothers living with HIV (MLH), compared to mothers without HIV (MWOH). In particular, we assess the in... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

What works to prevent violence against children in Afghanistan? Findings of an interrupted time series evaluation of a school-based peace education and community social norms change intervention in Afghanistan - Corboz J, Siddiq W, Hemat O, Chirwa ED, Jewkes R.
BACKGROUND: Against a backdrop of more than four decades of war, conflict and insecurity, Afghanistan is recognised as suffering from endemic violence and children are exposed to multiple forms of violence, including at the family and school levels. This p... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Middle Stone Age foragers resided in high elevations of the glaciated Bale Mountains, Ethiopia
Studies of early human settlement in alpine environments provide insights into human physiological, genetic, and cultural adaptation potentials. Although Late and even Middle Pleistocene human presence has been recently documented on the Tibetan Plateau, little is known regarding the nature and context of early persistent human settlement in high elevations. Here, we report the earliest evidence of a prehistoric high-altitude residential site. Located in Africa’s largest alpine ecosystem, the repeated occupation of Fincha Habera rock shelter is dated to 47 to 31 thousand years ago. The available resources in cold and...
Source: ScienceNOW - August 8, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Ossendorf, G., Groos, A. R., Bromm, T., Tekelemariam, M. G., Glaser, B., Lesur, J., Schmidt, J., Akcar, N., Bekele, T., Beldados, A., Demissew, S., Kahsay, T. H., Nash, B. P., Nauss, T., Negash, A., Nemomissa, S., Veit, H., Vogelsang, R., Woldu, Z., Zech, Tags: Anthropology, Ecology reports Source Type: news

Sri Lankan green pit viper (Trimeresurus trigonocephalus) bites in Deniyaya: a clinico-epidemiological study - Witharana EWRA, Gnanathasan A, Dissanayake AS, Wijesinghe SKJ, Kadahetti SCL, Rajapaksha RMJK.
Green pit viper (Trimeresurus trigonocephalus) is endemic to Sri Lanka and bites are reported from tropical rain forest and plantation areas. As scant data exists on clinico-epidemiological features of Sri Lankan green pit viper bite, objective of this stu... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Non-Human Animals and Insects Source Type: news

Ebola Cases Rise in Congo Border City Amid Fears of Outbreak Spreading
(KINSHASA, Congo) — The 1-year-old daughter and the wife of the man who died of Ebola in Congo’s city of Goma this week have tested positive for the disease, health officials confirmed Thursday, while Rwanda briefly closed its border with Congo over the virus outbreak that now enters its second year. It is the first transmission of Ebola inside Goma, a city of more than 2 million people on the Rwandan border, a scenario that health experts have long feared. The painstaking work of finding, tracking and vaccinating people who had contact with the man — and the contacts of those contacts — has begun. ...
Source: TIME: Health - August 1, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Saleh Mwanamilongo and Ignatius Ssuuna / AP Tags: Uncategorized congo onetime Source Type: news

Preferred Product Characteristics (PPC) for Zika Vaccines for Endemic Use
Source: World Health Organization (WHO). Published: 8/2019. In 2018 -2019, the World Health Organization, in collaboration with a working group of independent subject matter experts, developed Preferred Product Characteristics (PPC) for a Zika virus vaccine for endemic use. This nine-page document provides a table that details a vaccine characteristic, what is preferred, and product development considerations and assumptions. (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - August 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

The Dengue Dance?
Discussion Dengue is an important arboviral infection that affects about 40% of the world population. It is found mainly in topical and subtropical areas of the world mainly in developing countries but it range is spreading including the United States. A review of common arboviruses can be found here. It is a flaviavirus with 4 distinct serotypes named DENV-1 through DENV-4 and is spread by A. aegypti a day biting mosquito. Infection with one serotype confers immunity to that serotype but not the others. It does offer some protection for cross-infection but this only lasts a few months. Incubation period is 3-14 days with ...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - July 29, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: pediatriceducationmin Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

Biocompound from Atlantic Rainforest combats leishmaniasis and Chagas disease
(Funda ç ã o de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de S ã o Paulo) Researchers find that substances synthesized from plant species endemic to the biodiversity hotspot can kill the parasites that cause these neglected diseases. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - July 15, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Dr. Flais joins the PHA legacy of medical missions
Line forming for clinic at 8 amIn the midst of a bustling remote mobile medical clinic on the western edge of Panama, Sam, our Floating Doctors clinic manager, approached me with his characteristic wide smile and easy manner. “We have a big family for you to see, with lots of kids!” he informed me in his soothing Kenyan accent. A queue of patients lined up outside well before our 8 am start time, and the clinic was now buzzing with midday activity in the warm, tropical air. The sounds of Spanish and a variety of Engl ish accents peppered the room. Outside the clinic, an open field served as home to a near-conti...
Source: Pediatric Health Associates - July 9, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: Volunteer Opportunities Source Type: news

Afghanistan Records 10th Polio Case in 2019 as Security Worsens-Officials Afghanistan Records 10th Polio Case in 2019 as Security Worsens-Officials
Afghanistan, one of the last countries in the world where polio is still endemic, has registered its 10th case this year, with most coming in southern regions where Taliban militants have wide control, a senior health official said on Wednesday.Reuters Health Information (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - June 27, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Infectious Diseases News Source Type: news

Reducing delays in identifying visceral leishmaniasis
(PLOS) Women in Indian states with endemic visceral leishmaniasis -- also known as Kala Azar -- should be encouraged to seek care for persistent fever without delay. Raised awareness about the disease and its symptoms, and the prioritization of women's care-seeking over household work could help reduce fatalities and potentially reduce overall transmission, according to research by independent consultant Beulah Jayakumar and colleagues, published in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - June 27, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Afghanistan records tenth polio case in 2019 as security worsens: officials
Afghanistan, one of the last countries in the world where polio is still endemic, has registered its 10th case this year, with most coming in southern regions where Taliban militants have wide control, a senior health official said on Wednesday. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - June 26, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news