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Is gun violence contagious?
(University of Pennsylvania) Gun violence is mostly not contagious but rather an endemic issue for particular neighborhoods, according to researchers from the University of Pennsylvania and the University of Oxford. That means place-based interventions like hotspot policing or greening vacant lots have the best chance to improve this problem. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - November 2, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Erratum to: When violence becomes endemic - Roberts LF.
The article "When violence becomes endemic", written by Leslie F. Roberts, was originally published electronically on the publisher's internet portal (currently SpringerLink) on 03 August 2017 without open access. The original article was corrected. ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 30, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Commentary Source Type: news

Seychelles – Suspected Plague (Ex- Madagascar)
Madagascar is experiencing a large outbreak of plague affecting major cities and other non-endemic areas since August 2017. This outbreak carries a moderate risk of spread to neighbouring Indian Ocean islands which is mitigated naturally by the short incubation period of pneumonic plague and the institution of exit screening measures at the airport and other major ports. (Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks)
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - October 26, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

A diagnosis of denial: how mental health classification systems have struggled to recognise family violence as a serious risk factor in the development of mental health issues for infants, children, adolescents and adults - Bunston W, Franich-Ray C, Tatlow S.
Child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) routinely overlook assessing for, and providing treatment to, infants and children living with family violence, despite family violence being declared endemic across the globe. As contemporary neuro-devel... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

An enigmatic case of acute mercury poisoning: clinical, immunological findings and platelet function - Kleffner I, Eichler S, Ruck T, Sch üngel L, Pfeuffer S, Polzer P, Dittrich R, Dziewas R, Gross CC, Göbel K, Wiendl H, Kehrel BE, Meuth SG.
Severe mercury intoxication is very rare in developed countries, but still occurs as the result of volatile substance abuse, suicide attempts, occupational hazards, or endemic food ingestion as reported in the cases of public health disasters in Iraq and i... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 21, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Study: Sickle cell anemia treatment does not increase malaria risk in Africa
(American Society of Hematology) The drug hydroxyurea does not appear to increase the risk of malaria infection in patients with sickle cell anemia who live in malaria-endemic regions, according to a study published online today in Blood, the Journal of the American Society of Hematology (ASH). (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - October 19, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

An enigmatic case of acute mercury poisoning: clinical, immunological findings and platelet function - Kleffner I, Eichler S, Ruck T, Sch üngel L, Pfeuffer S, Polzer P, Dittrich R, Dziewas R, Gross CC, Göbel K, Wiendl H, Kehrel BE, Meuth SG.
Severe mercury intoxication is very rare in developed countries, but still occurs as the result of volatile substance abuse, suicide attempts, occupational hazards, or endemic food ingestion as reported in the cases of public health disasters in Iraq and i... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - October 18, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Immune reaction to sandfly saliva varies between individuals living in endemic areas
(PLOS) The Phlebotomus papatasi sandfly is responsible for spreading Leishmania throughout the tropics and subtropics. How individuals in areas endemic for Leishmania infection react to sandfly saliva depends on their long-term exposure to the flies, researchers now report PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases TK. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - October 12, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Congo-Kinshasa: DRC Cholera Death Toll Surges to 500
[CAJ News] Kinshasa -A raging cholera outbreak has claimed left over 500 people dead in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The epidemic, which has infected more than 24 000 people since an outbreak erupted in the North Kivu province in June, is projected to claim more lives with the rains imminent. The water borne disease has so far spread to 20 of the Central African country's 26 provinces, reaching epidemic proportions in 11. Cholera is endemic in six provinces but the drought of recent months and the high mobility of the pop (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - September 29, 2017 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Caribbean praying mantises have ancient African origin
(Cleveland Museum of Natural History) Three seemingly unrelated praying mantis groups inhabiting Cuba and the rest of the Greater Antilles actually share an ancient African ancestor and possibly form the oldest endemic animal lineage on the Caribbean islands, Cleveland Museum of Natural History researchers have determined. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - September 26, 2017 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Domestic abuse is endemic, new report finds
More needs to be done to break the cycle Related items fromOnMedica Domestic violence linked to pregnancy termination Soaring child abuse concerns, helpline data reveal Sexual health clinics should ask about abuse New support to help identify domestic abuse Abused children unable to access mental health services (Source: OnMedica Latest News)
Source: OnMedica Latest News - September 19, 2017 Category: UK Health Source Type: news

CSIRO breeds spotted handfish to save species from extinction
Fish, which is endemic to Tasmania, was the first Australian marine animal to be listed as critically endangeredScientists have begun a captive breeding program for the spotted handfish, 11 years after it became the first Australian marine animal to be listed as critically endangered.Endemic to Tasmania, the spotted handfish or Brachionichthys hirsutus looks like a tadpole in the late stages of development, with a fin atop its head to lure unsuspecting prey and the sour expression of a British bulldog.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - September 18, 2017 Category: Science Authors: Calla Wahlquist Tags: Marine life Australia news Science Environment Wildlife Source Type: news

From Africa to the US to Haiti, climate change is a Black Lives Matter | Patrisse Cullors and Nyeusi Nguvu
Racism is endemic to global inequality. This means that those most affected – and killed – by climate change are black and poor peopleJust over a year ago, Black Lives Matter UKsuccessfully shut down London City airport. Our aims were tocall attention to three things: Britain ’shistorical responsibility for global temperature changes, while the UK remains among the least vulnerable countries to the direct effects of climate change; second, that black people and poor people globally suffer the most from environmental impacts; and third, that safe freedom of movement is a reality only for the privileged, we...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - September 14, 2017 Category: Science Authors: Patrisse Cullors and Nyeusi Nguvu Tags: Black Lives Matter movement Climate change US news Environment Science Poverty Social exclusion Society Inequality Houston Haiti Hurricane Harvey Hurricane Irma Hurricane Jose Source Type: news

From Africa to the US to Haiti, climate change is a race issue | Patrisse Cullors and Nyeusi Nguvu
Racism is endemic to global inequality. This means that those most affected – and killed – by climate change are black and poor peoplePatrisse Cullors and Nyeusi Nguvu are members of the Black Lives Matter movementJust over a year ago, Black Lives Matter UKsuccessfully shut down London City airport. Our aims were tocall attention to three things: Britain ’shistorical responsibility for global temperature changes, while the UK remains among the least vulnerable countries to the direct effects of climate change; second, that black people and poor people globally suffer the most from environmental impacts; a...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - September 14, 2017 Category: Science Authors: Patrisse Cullors and Nyeusi Nguvu Tags: Black Lives Matter movement Climate change US news Environment Science Poverty Social exclusion Society Inequality Houston Haiti Hurricane Harvey Hurricane Irma Hurricane Jose Source Type: news

Once-abundant ash tree and antelope species face extinction -- IUCN Red List
(International Union for Conservation of Nature) North America's most widespread and valuable ash tree species are on the brink of extinction due to an invasive beetle decimating their populations, while the loss of wilderness areas and poaching are contributing to the declining numbers of five African antelope species, according to the latest update of the IUCN Red List of Threatened SpeciesTM. Today's IUCN Red List update also reveals a dramatic decline of grasshoppers and millipedes endemic to Madagascar, and the extinction of the Christmas Island Pipistrelle bat. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - September 14, 2017 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Nigeria: Cholera in North-Eastern Nigeria - an Endemic Outbreak
[IPS] New York -A recent cholera outbreak in North-Eastern Nigeria has resulted in at least 186 suspected cases and 14 deaths as of Sep. 1, according to Borno State's Ministry of Health. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - September 7, 2017 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Cholera in North-Eastern Nigeria: An Endemic Outbreak
Nurse treats cholera victims. Credit: IPSBy Lindah MogeniNEW YORK, Sep 6 2017 (IPS)A recent cholera outbreak in North-Eastern Nigeria has resulted in at least 186 suspected cases and 14 deaths as of Sep. 1, according to Borno State’s Ministry of Health. The outbreak, which coincided with this year’s annual World Water Week, occurred in Muna Garage, a camp sheltering an estimated 44,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) on the outskirts of Maiduguri, the capital city of Borno state, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).A rapid response to the outbreak by Borno State’s Ministry of Health, alon...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - September 6, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Lindah Mogeni Tags: Africa Aid Armed Conflicts Crime & Justice Featured Headlines Health Human Rights Humanitarian Emergencies TerraViva United Nations Water & Sanitation Women's Health Source Type: news

Standard Operating Procedures: Responding to a Poliovirus Event or Outbreak; Part 1: General SOPs
World Health Organization. 05/2017 This 75-page document establishes standards and a timeline for response to any polio events and/or outbreaks; and guides national governments and Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) partners in key support functions to fulfill the response to any polio outbreak or event. It is intended to facilitate timely and effective response to interrupt poliovirus transmission in non-endemic countries, and incorporates lessons learned from previous outbreak response efforts. (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - August 16, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

Popular sungazer lizards under threat from poaching
(University of the Witwatersrand) The sungazer (Smaug giganteus), a dragon-like lizard species endemic to the Highveld regions of South Africa, is facing an assault on two fronts as farming and industrialization encroaches on its natural habitat -- which already consist of only a several hundred square kilometers globally -- while the illegal global pet trade is adding pressure on pushing the species into extinction. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - August 16, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

A new critically endangered tree species depends on unique habitat found only on Kaua'i
(Pensoft Publishers) A new tree species, endemic to the floristically rich high Hawaiian island Kaua'i, is already assessed as Critically Endangered according to IUCN criteria. First collected and documented as early as 1988, the new species, Melicope stonei, has been officially described and named in the open access journal PhytoKeys. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - August 16, 2017 Category: Biology Source Type: news

There ’ s plague in Arizona. Authorities warn of fleas that can infect people and pets.
Public health officials in two Arizona counties are warning residents about the discovery of plague bacteria, an endemic concern among those who live in the American Southwest but unsettling nonetheless, given the disease's devastating impact on human history. Navajo and Coconino counties are adjacent to one another, and in each community the findings are identical: Fleas carrying yersinia […]Related:5 dead after FDA-approved obesity treatment that places silicone balloon in stomach, agency saysA sleeping mother suffocated her newborn in the maternity ward. Now she’s suing the hospital.Trump dec...
Source: Washington Post: To Your Health - August 15, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Two Arizona communities, 120 miles apart, see evidence of the plague
Public health officials in two northern Arizona counties are warning residents about the existence of plague, an endemic concern among those who live in the American Southwest but unsettling nonetheless, given the disease's devastating impact on human history. Navajo and Coconino counties are separated by 120 miles of desert, but in each community the findings are identical: […]Related:5 dead after FDA-approved obesity treatment that places silicone balloon in stomach, agency saysA sleeping mother suffocated her newborn in the maternity ward. Now she’s suing the hospital.Trump declares the opioid cri...
Source: Washington Post: To Your Health - August 15, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Somalia celebrates 3 years polio-free: WHO urges continued caution
Mogadishu, 14 August 2017 – An event attended by the President of Somalia, parliamentarians, delegates from the Somali Ministry of Health, World Health Organization and UNICEF, was held in Mogadishu to mark a milestone occasion: 3 years since the detection of the last case of wild poliovirus in the country.  Speaking at the event, WHO’s Regional Director for the Eastern Mediterranean, Dr Mahmoud Fikri, applauded Somalia’s efforts to ward off the crippling and highly infectious virus but urged continued caution.  “The absence of cases of polio in Somalia today is testament to the leadersh...
Source: WHO EMRO News - August 14, 2017 Category: Middle East Health Source Type: news

Sudan: Cholera Reaches Central Darfur, 'Becomes Endemic Disease' in Sudan
[Radio Dabanga] Sudan -The first cases of cholera have appeared in Zalingei, capital of Central Darfur, where two patients died last week. The infectious disease is still spreading in North, West, and South Darfur. In eastern Sudan, hundreds of cholera patients are being treated. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - August 8, 2017 Category: African Health Source Type: news

When violence becomes endemic - Roberts LF.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 7, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Why NASA Is Right to Hire a ‘Planetary Protection Officer’
The invasion is nigh! You knew it would happen eventually — that the Roswell aliens would not only turn out to be real, but that they’d one day return to finish their job of Earthly conquest. Now, NASA, which was surely part of the conspiracy of silence for the last sixty years, has come clean, announcing the creation of the new position of Planetary Protection Officer. It’s a sweet gig, actually, paying up to $187,000 per year. That makes for a pretty big pot of disposable income — at least until, you know, the world ends. Actually, however, you can sound the all clear: The planetary protection job...
Source: TIME.com: Top Science and Health Stories - August 2, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Jeffrey Kluger Tags: Uncategorized Apollo 12 Biology cassini Contamination exobiology Galileo jupiter Mars NASA saturn space Source Type: news

Malaria already endemic in the Mediterranean by the Roman period
(University of Zurich) Malaria was already widespread on Sardinia by the Roman period, long before the Middle Ages, as indicated by research at the Institute of Evolutionary Medicine of the University of Zurich with the help of a Roman who died 2,000 years ago. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - July 27, 2017 Category: Biology Source Type: news

The association between infection control interventions and CRE incidence in an endemic hospital
This research article concludes that a multifaceted hospital-wide intervention program is required to control CRE in hospital settings. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - July 26, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Measles Vaccine Study Findings a'Wake-up Call'Measles Vaccine Study Findings a'Wake-up Call '
Further declines in measles vaccine coverage could make the disease endemic again in the United States, the authors warn.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - July 25, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Pediatrics News Source Type: news

Biological Defense: Additional Information That Congress May Find Useful as It Considers DOD (Department of Defense)'s Advanced Development and Manufacturing Capability
U.S. Government Accountability Office. 07/17/2017 This 47-page report describes the information that the Department of Defense (DOD) included in its report to address the six required elements regarding the department's public-private partnership to construct a facility with an advanced development and manufacturing (ADM) capability. This facility has the capability to use disposable equipment, enabling timely changes in a production line for medical countermeasures against biological warfare threat agents, toxins, and endemic diseases. (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - July 19, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

Scorpion stings in Jordan: an update - Amr ZS, Al Zou'bi R, Abdo N, Bani Hani R.
This study updates epidemiological data on scorpion sting encounters in Jordan. METHODS: Data on scorpion sting encoun... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 15, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Non-Human Animals and Insects Source Type: news

Prior dengue infection does not increase Zika disease severity
(Funda ç ã o de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de S ã o Paulo) A study involving 65 people who live in and around S ã o Jos é do Rio Preto (S ã o Paulo State, Brazil), where dengue is endemic and there was a particularly rapid outbreak of Zika during the 2016 epidemic, show that prior dengue infection in human beings infected by Zika does not necessarily lead to a worse illness. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - July 14, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

When an emerging disease becomes endemic
Epidemics, such as HIV in the early 1980s and Ebola in 2014, inspire decisive government investment and action, and individual and societal concern, sometimes bordering on panic. By contrast, endemic diseases, such as HIV in 2017 and tuberculosis, struggle to maintain the same attention. For many, the paradox is that endemic disease, in its totality, continues to impose a far higher public health burden than epidemic disease. Overall, the swift political response to epidemics has resulted in success. It has proven possible to eradicate epidemic diseases, often without the availability of vaccines and other biomedical techn...
Source: ScienceNOW - July 13, 2017 Category: Science Authors: Medley, G. F., Vassall, A. Tags: Medicine, Diseases special/review Source Type: news

Tulane University awarded $12 million to create Lassa vaccine and treatment
(Tulane University) The National Institutes of Health has awarded Tulane University more than $12 million to test a promising drug treatment against Lassa fever and develop a vaccine against the deadly disease endemic in parts of West Africa. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - July 11, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

WHO and partners, including UNICEF, scale up efforts to minimize spread of acute watery ...
10 July 2017 – With increasing numbers of people in some countries of the World Health Organization’s Eastern Mediterranean Region affected by acute watery diarrhoea and cholera, WHO in the Region is working with partners, including UNICEF, to save lives in areas where outbreaks are active, and reduce the risk of these diseases crossing into unaffected areas and neighbouring countries.   “The situation has reached a critical point. The number of people with acute watery diarrhoea/cholera in countries in the Region in 2017 alone is higher than the number of people affected worldwide in 2016. Inf...
Source: WHO EMRO News - July 10, 2017 Category: Middle East Health Source Type: news

Three-Zone Biosecurity Offers New Hope to Indonesian Farmers
James McGrane, FAO ECTAD Indonesia Team Leader, at his office in Jakarta. Credit: Kanis Dursin/IPSBy Kanis DursinJAKARTA, Indonesia, Jul 10 2017 (IPS)Poultry farmer Bambang Sutrisno Setiawan had long heard about biosecurity but never gave serious thought to it, even when the highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 forced him to cull thousands of his layer chickens in 2003 and 2009.Eighteen years into the business, however, Bambang, who is called Ilung by friends, is now converting his second farm into a three-zone biosecurity poultry with a strong conviction that it is the only way to save his business amid continued threat...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - July 10, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Kanis Dursin Tags: Asia-Pacific Economy & Trade Featured Food & Agriculture Headlines Health Projects avian flu biosafety Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Improving the lives of rural populations: better nutrition & agricultu Source Type: news

Lassa Fever – Nigeria
Lassa fever is an acute viral haemorrhagic fever illness that is known to be endemic in various West African countries including Nigeria. As of 9 June 2017, a total of 501 suspected cases including 104 deaths have been reported since the onset of the current Lassa fever outbreaks season in December 2016. Of the reported cases, 189 have been further classified, 175 laboratory-confirmed including 59 deaths and 14 probable cases (all dead). (Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks)
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - June 28, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

CRE Endemic in DC Healthcare Facilities CRE Endemic in DC Healthcare Facilities
Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) colonization is prevalent in 15 of the 16 healthcare facilities tested in Washington, DC.Reuters Health Information (Source: Medscape Infectious Diseases Headlines)
Source: Medscape Infectious Diseases Headlines - June 26, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Infectious Diseases News Source Type: news

Latest advances in malaria research in free eBook by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
(Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory) Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press (CSHLP) today announced a grant from the J.C. Flowers Foundation (JCFF) to support the free eBook distribution of the research monograph, Malaria: Biology in the Era of Eradication. JCFF funding enables this newly published title to reach scientists, clinicians and care-givers throughout malaria-endemic areas such as Africa, Southeast Asia, and South America. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - June 26, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Regional 'hot spot' of Borna disease discovered in upper Austria
(University of Veterinary Medicine -- Vienna) Bornaviruses cause a lethal form of encephalitis, Borna disease, among horses and sheep. To date only a few cases were reported in Austria. Recently, four horses were afflicted in the same area of Upper Austria within just two years. Tests on local shrews, the reservoir host, confirmed the suspicion of a local viral reservoir. The study in Emerging Microbes& Infections documents a rare outbreak of Borna disease in a new endemic area in Austria. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - June 21, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Sudan: 'Cholera Now Endemic in Sudan's El Gedaref' - Former Minister
[Radio Dabanga] El Gedaref / White Nile / Khartoum -The former Minister of Health of El Gedaref, Mustafa El Sayed, told Radio Dabanga that cholera has become one of the endemic diseases in El Gedaref. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - June 16, 2017 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Cytokine profile differentiating Old World and New World hantaviral infections
(Kazan Federal University) Hantavirus infection is acute zoonosis clinically manifesting in two forms: Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome (HFRS), caused by Old World hantaviruses, and Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS), caused by New World hantaviruses. Mild form of HFRS, Nephropaia epidemica (NE), is diagnosed in Tatarstan region of Russia, while HPS is endemic in Americas. Humans become infected by inhaling virus contaminated aerosol of urine and feces. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - June 15, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

High prevalence of CRE in Washington, D.C. healthcare facilities
(Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America) Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE), a family of highly pathogenic antibiotic-resistant organisms, are endemic across Washington, D.C. healthcare facilities, with 5.2 percent of inpatients testing positive for the bacteria, according to new research published online today in Infection Control& Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - June 15, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Argonne X-rays used to help identify a key Lassa virus structure
(DOE/Argonne National Laboratory) Research done at Argonne National Laboratory's Advanced Photon Source was vital to the process of identifying the structure, which provides a guide for designing a Lassa virus vaccine. Lassa virus is endemic to Africa and kills thousands of people a year; it is particularly deadly for pregnant women. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - June 13, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Hepatitis A outbreaks mostly affecting men who have sex with men – European Region and the Americas
Between June 2016 and mid-May 2017, an unusual increase in cases of hepatitis A affecting mainly men who have sex with men (MSM) has been reported by low endemicity countries in the European Region, and in the Americas (Chile and the United States of America). (Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks)
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - June 7, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

Details of Lassa virus structure could inform development of vaccines, therapies
Lassa virus can cause a hemorrhagic disease called Lassa fever and is endemic to western Africa. (Source: National Institutes of Health (NIH) News Releases)
Source: National Institutes of Health (NIH) News Releases - June 2, 2017 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Seventieth World Health Assembly update, 25 May
The World Health Assembly today made decisions relating to polio, the Pandemic Influenza Preparedness Framework, and the health workforce. Delegates paid tribute to ongoing efforts to end polio transmission in the last three endemic countries - Afghanistan, Nigeria and Pakistan. They expressed concern about the continued shortage of inactivated poliovirus vaccine, and noted the urgent need to contain polioviruses in safe facilities, destroy unneeded materials, and appropriately contain resources that can be used for research or other purposes. This has become particularly important since the eradication of type 2 of the wi...
Source: WHO news - May 25, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: health workforce [subject], human resources for health, health workers, healthcare workers, health care workers, influenza [subject], flu, seasonal influenza, pandemic influenza, poliomyelitis [subject], polio, poliovirus, polio encephalitis, Press releas Source Type: news

Health Workers, Facilities Under Attack in 23 Nations; UN Accused of Inaction
May 24, 2017Even one attack on a health worker is one too many.In 2012, two Pakistani health workers were out vaccinating children against polio when they were both shot by extremists. One of them died.The other, shot in the leg, had 11 metal rods inserted into his leg and was hospitalized for three months.In November, I met this remarkable man named Latif (his surname is withheld to protect his security). He is now fully recovered and back to work on the polio vaccination campaign. He told me he never considered giving up.Pakistan reported only two cases of wild poliovirus in 2017  as of May 17 and Latif is dete...
Source: IntraHealth International - May 24, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: mnathe Source Type: news

The Desperate Gambit That Could Save A Tiny Porpoise From Extinction ... Or Kill It
In 2016, scientists made a distressing announcement: There were fewer than 30 vaquitas ― a tiny porpoise that dwells in Mexico’s Gulf of California ― left in the wild. With carcasses continuing to wash up, researchers worry the vaquita could be extinct by 2018, becoming yet another mammal forced off the face of the Earth.  Losing the porpoise would be a tragedy for Mexico, the World Wildlife Fund said this week ― akin to “losing a piece” of the country, according to Maria Jose Villanueva, a project coordinator for WWF Mexico. But the demise of the vaquita would be a blow to more than...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - May 22, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

Human-induced deforestation is causing an increase in malaria cases
(Lehigh University) A new study of 67 less-developed, malaria-endemic nations led by Lehigh University sociologist Dr. Kelly Austin, finds a link between deforestation and increasing malaria rates across developing nations. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - May 22, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news