Could a Mediterranean diet be as good as drugs for acid reflux?

Conclusion The results of this relatively small cohort study seem to show that a plant-based Mediterranean diet with alkaline water is equally good as PPI medication at treating acid reflux symptoms when people also follow standard advice to cut out certain things from their diet. This might suggest that the first port of call for people with gastro-oesophageal reflux could be to try a Mediterranean diet before going on PPI medication, to avoid potential side effects. There are, however, some limitations to this research: Cohort studies can only show links and cannot prove definite cause and effect, and retrospective cohorts such as this are even more limited than prospective cohorts. Prospective cohorts that follow people up over time have the advantage that they can at least assess and collect data on other factors that could be having an influence. When you have to rely on previously collected data, you cannot be sure that all relevant information has been collected. We do not know exactly what people in each group were eating and we cannot tell what it was about the plant-based Mediterranean diet or alkaline water that might have provided a benefit. Food diaries or food frequency questionnaires might be one way to determine this in the future. Follow up was only six weeks, which is not much time to see longer-term outcomes. It might be that either PPIs or the Mediterranean diet have a different effect in the longer term. We don't know for sure that the Mediterranean ...
Source: NHS News Feed - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Food/diet Source Type: news

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CONCLUSIONS: Local application of sevoflurane in the wound bed appears to exhibit analgesic, antimicrobial, and positive healing effects. It could be a promising alternative treatment to be included as a therapeutic option for wound care. PMID: 31730517 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Wounds - Category: General Medicine Tags: Wounds Source Type: research
Authors: Roshangar L, Soleimani Rad J, Kheirjou R, Reza Ranjkesh M, Ferdowsi Khosroshahi A Abstract Burn wounds are one of the main causes of skin damage. Based on World Health Organization statistics, almost 300 000 people worldwide die of burns each year. In severe burns, the cells and blood vessels are often injured and the blood supply to the wound is disturbed. Many factors such as oxygenation, infection, aging, hormones, and nutrition potentially can influence burn progression and disrupt repair with unbalanced release of various growth factors and cytokines. Different treatment approaches such as dressings a...
Source: Wounds - Category: General Medicine Tags: Wounds Source Type: research
Authors: Bolton L Abstract Falls are the leading cause of injury, premature institutionalization, and long-term disability in elderly adults worldwide, with a fall-related fatality in the United States every 19 minutes.1 According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,2 3 million people over 65 years of age receive emergency room treatment for fall injuries at an average cost of $30 000. The annual cost of fall injuries was more than $50 billion in 2015.1,2 Community-based interventions effective in preventing falls include exercise, medication, and nutritional management as well as improving safety of ...
Source: Wounds - Category: General Medicine Tags: Wounds Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This retrospective study further supports previous evidence that acellular fish skin graft promotes wound healing in DFUs. In particular, a rapid increase in wound healing was observed during the initial 4 weeks following graft application. This study and review of the literature indicated that fish graft encourages wound healing by enabling the wound to transition from a chronic to an acute stage of healing. PMID: 31730505 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Wounds - Category: General Medicine Tags: Wounds Source Type: research
Authors: Dams S, Holasek S, Tsiountsioura M, Malliga DE, Meier-Allard N, Poncza B, Lackner S, Jansenberger Y, Lamprecht M Abstract Vitamins and carotenoids are organic compounds that are important for vital functions of the human organism. Since the human body is not able to synthesize most of these micronutrients, they need to be supplied by the intake of food or supplements. The aim of this study was to analyze whether a whole food based, encapsulated fruit, berry, and vegetable juice powder concentrate provides bioavailable carotenoids and vitamins A (all-trans retinol), E and C. Eighteen healthy subjects recei...
Source: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research - Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Vitam Nutr Res Source Type: research
Conclusions/interpretationOur results show a previously unappreciated role of adipocyteAtp7a in the regulation of ageing-related metabolic disease and identify new metallophysiologies in whole-body fat metabolism.Data availabilityThe datasets generated during the current study are available in the Genome Sequence Archive in BIG Data Center, Beijing Institute of Genomics (BIG), Chinese Academy of Sciences, under accession number CRA001769 (http://bigd.big.ac.cn/gsa).
Source: Diabetologia - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
AbstractAims/hypothesisDiet is one of the main lifestyle-related factors that can modulate the inflammatory process. Surprisingly the dietary inflammatory index (DII) has been little investigated in relation to type 2 diabetes, and the role of BMI in this relationship is not well established. We studied this association and the role of BMI in the inflammatory process in a large population-based observational study.MethodsA total of 70,991 women from the E3N (Etude Epid émiologique auprès de femmes de la Mutuelle Générale de l’Education Nationale) cohort study were followed for 20 year...
Source: Diabetologia - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
AbstractAims/hypothesisCardiovascular disease is the most common comorbidity in type 1 diabetes. However, current guidelines do not include routine assessment of myocardial function. We investigated whether echocardiography provides incremental prognostic information in individuals with type 1 diabetes without known heart disease.MethodsA prospective cohort of individuals with type 1 diabetes without known heart disease was recruited from the outpatient clinic. Follow-up was performed through Danish national registers. The association of echocardiography with major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) and the incremental p...
Source: Diabetologia - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Conclusions/interpretationWe observed inverse associations between height and risk of type 2 diabetes, which was largely related to leg length among men. The inverse associations may be partly driven by lower liver fat content and a more favourable cardiometabolic profile.
Source: Diabetologia - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
This issue of the BJD has a focus on the effect of sunscreen on vitamin D synthesis. The topic remains a contentious issue in the context of skin cancer prevention and high rates of subnormal vitamin D levels in individuals living in temperate climates. Can sunscreen use prevent sunburn while still allowing adequate vitamin D synthesis? The answer from Young et al. is ‘yes’, with appropriate application of a sun protection factor (SPF) 15 sunscreen during a 1-week beach holiday. The new research data are timely given the findings of two reviews considering vitamin D status and sunscreen application that are als...
Source: Journal of Investigative Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Tags: Editor's Choice Source Type: research
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