Zika virus may be useful in treating brain tumours
Conclusion This is an interesting piece of research that shows how knowledge in one field of medicine can sometimes be applied to another field with surprising results. But it's important to be realistic about the stage of research. This is very much a "proof of concept" study, and tests on cells, tissues and mice don't necessarily translate into a safe and effective treatment for humans. The study has several limitations, but the fact the treatment so far hasn't been tested on humans is the most important. For one thing, Zika virus doesn't naturally infect mice, so researchers had to use a specially engineered virus that's different from the virus that infects humans. Also, the glioma tumours in mice were taken from mouse models, so they weren't the same as human glioma tumours. The researchers say there are "technical challenges" to overcome before they can test human-derived glioma cells in mice. They say it may be possible to make the Zika virus safe enough to use in glioma treatment, possibly by injecting it into tumour sites at the same time as surgery to remove tumours. But clinical trials of such a therapy are still some way off. Links To The Headlines Zika virus used to treat aggressive brain cancer. BBC News, September 5 2017 Zika can kill brain tumors like John McCain's, study shows - paving the way to a groundbreaking new use for the mosquito-borne virus. Mail Online, September 5 2017 Links To Science Zhu Z, Gorman MJ, McKenzie LD, et al. Zi...
ConclusionsFOSL1 is an independent prognostic biomarker of GC. Detecting FOSL1 expression could help stratify GC patients with high-risk and guide the precious treatment.
In this study, we aimed to investigate the role of IL-6/Stat3 signaling pathway in human endometrial cancer cells invasion and migration. We demonstrated that Stat3 is activated in endometrial cancer cell lines. To investigate the role of Stat3 in endometrial cancer invasive capacity, we used Stat3 inhibitor Stattic and found that Stattic significantly inhibited the migration and invasion of endometrial cancer cells elevated by IL-6. Furthermore, we showed that Stat3 inhibitor significantly decreased the expression of MMP2 enhanced by IL-6, indicating that IL-6 promoted endometrial cancer invasion and migration by Stat3-in...
Publication date: Available online 19 March 2019Source: Pathology - Research and PracticeAuthor(s): Xiaobo He, Ying ShuAbstractIncreasing evidence has shown that dysregulation of mircoRNA (miRNA) is linked to the development and progression of human cancer, including gastric cancer (GC). In the current study, by analysing the GEO database (GSE78091), we found that miR-660 was significantly downregulated in GC. Consistently, quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) results showed that miR-660 was dramatically decreased in GC tissues and cell lines. Importantly, low miR-660 expression was closely related to larger tumor size (P&...
ConclusionsThe results pointed out that the high expression of miR-106b-5p serves as an independent factor for predicting the worse prognosis of RCC patients.
Conclusions: DIM is a very rare tumour. The global survival is excellent. Conservative treatment with PT is an efficient alternative to enucleation and allows good local tumour control. Cataract and glaucoma are the main radiation-related complications, but the corneal status was excellent due to the stem cell harvest prior to radiotherapy.Ocul Oncol Pathol
In conclusion, clinical presentation at time of diagnosis of brain metastases consistently includes neurologic signs and symptoms with persistent headache being the most common. Endometrial cancer patients that present with new neurologic complaints or exam findings should be evaluated for brain metastases.
We describe a case of an 80-year-old woman with ovarian metastasis of MCC six years after excision of a cutaneous MCC on the cheek.DiscussionTo our knowledge only three cases with ovarian metastasis of MCC have been described so far. Our case is the second with distant metastasis to the ovary spreading from a primary tumor in the skin of the head, in the other two cases the primary tumor was in the inguinal skin.ConculsionMCC is a highly aggressive cutaneous and mucosal malignancy with frequent recurrence, lymph node and distant metastases. There is no clear consensus how to treat metastatic disease.
We report the delayed delivery of a second baby in a twin pregnancy with pPROM and very premature delivery of the first baby. This condition is exceptional and there are no validated medical protocols for its management; the scientific evidence is still controversial. In our case, after the birth of the first baby, pregnancy was continued for 29 days, with monitoring of maternal and fetal parameters, which enabled the delivery of the second baby with improved neonatal outcomes. This case supports the prolongation of the pregnancy of the second twin.
Abstract: Preeclampsia is a complication of pregnancy that affects approximately 4% of pregnancies. Preeclampsia is defined as new-onset hypertension after 20 weeks gestation often accompanied by new-onset proteinuria. Women who experience preeclampsia during pregnancy are at an increased risk for hypertension and stroke later in life. Healthcare providers should screen women appropriately to minimize risk.
In states that legalized medical marijuana, there was a 4.8 percent decrease in reported pain for conditions that qualified for pot treatment (cancer, arthritis, glaucoma and pain), compared to states without medical marijuana.
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