7 Ways Your Height Affects Your Health

At 6 feet, 8 inches, Dr. Eeric Truumees literally stands out. “People remember who I am,” says the orthopedic surgeon in Austin, Texas. But despite height’s association with social and professional benefits, such as appearing more attractive and earning more money, towering over others has downfalls, too. “The bane of my height has been hitting my head on things,” Truumees finds, “and as I get a little slower and little less flexible, I find I’m doing that more often.” That’s just the start of height’s influence on health. Here are seven medical issues that may disproportionately affect people who are taller or shorter than average: 1. Longevity From an evolutionary perspective, there’s a price for enjoying the perks of being tall: a shorter lifespan. As the theory goes, “growing faster and being bigger will mean that you’ll have a shorter life, and we’ve seen that in rats,” says Mary Schooling, a professor at the City University of New York School of Public Health and Health Policy. But in humans, how the theory plays out isn’t quite clear. While certain genes have been linked to both short stature and long life, and shorter populations also seem to live longer, it’s tough to know whether stature itself influences lifespan or if characteristics like nutrition, socioeconomic status and disease risk are responsible. 2. Cancer If you think about what cancer is ...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Source: BMJ Comments - Category: General Medicine Source Type: forums
Publication date: Available online 20 July 2018Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Fatima Marinho, Valéria Maria de Azeredo Passos, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Elizabeth Barboza França, Daisy M X Abreu, Valdelaine E M Araújo, Maria Teresa Bustamante-Teixeira, Paulo A M Camargos, Carolina Cândida da Cunha, Bruce Bartholow Duncan, Mariana Santos Felisbino-Mendes, Maximiliano Ribeiro Guerra, Mark D C Guimaraes, Paulo A Lotufo, Wagner Marcenes, Patricia Pereira Vasconcelos Oliveira, Marcel de Moares Pedroso, Antonio L Ribeiro, Maria Inês Schmidt, Renato Azeredo TeixeiraSummaryBackgroundPolitical, economic...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
In this study, we screened 110 Taiwanese children (61 males and 49 females) with T1D onset before the age of 5 years for mutations of INS and KCNJ11. We identified one missense heterozygous mutation in KCNJ11 (c.989A>G, p.Y330C) and no INS mutations among 28 probands. This is the first study to screen patients with autoantibody-negative T1D diagnosed before the age of 5 years for INS and KCNJ11 mutations in Taiwan. Although KCNJ11 mutations are always reported in patients with permanent neonatal diabetes, this gene mutation can be detected after 6 months of age. Further studies in other patients with type 1B diabetes an...
Source: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionThis endoscopy-based study revealed the most common histology of benign SB tumors were hamartoma and adenoma, and malignant ones were lymphomas, GISTs, adenocarcinomas and metastatic cancers. Most of them were male gender, except for GISTs, and with proximal location, except for lymphomas. Further large-scale investigation efforts are warranted to elucidate the epidemiology of SB tumors.
Source: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: August 2018Source: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Volume 117, Issue 8Author(s): Yi-Chih Lin, Yu-Hsing Chang, Shao-Yu Yang, Kwan-Dun Wu, Tzong-Shinn ChuDiabetic kidney disease (DKD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with diabetes mellitus and the leading cause of end-stage renal disease in the world. The most characteristic marker of DKD is albuminuria, which is associated with renal disease progression and cardiovascular events. Renal hemodynamics changes, oxidative stress, inflammation, hypoxia and overactive renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) are involved in ...
Source: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsThese findings linked the anti-tumor properties of PE with the immune microenvironment to present a reliable basis for the future practical application of PE in cervical cancer as a novel and pharmacologically safe immunotherapy strategy.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe experimental results from the pharmacological research enable the validation of their traditional uses in several of the groups of diseases in the countries of origin and reveal these plants to be a valuable source for therapeutic molecules. However, more toxicity assays and clinical trials would be necessary to establish optimal and safe doses of consumption on the application of these medicinal plants.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In conclusion, this study makes clear that lncRNA THOR is up-regulated in retinoblastoma, and its over-expression significantly enhances the malignant phenotype transformation of retinoblastoma cells through up-regulating c-myc expression via enhancing its combination with TGF2BP1 protein. Overall, our study illustrates that lncRNA THOR/c-myc molecular cascade might be another potent target for retinoblastoma treatment.
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusions: AEE protected against 5-Fu-induced intestinal mucositis (IM) in mice through mechanisms that involved in promoting the enterocyte proliferative activity, maintaining the integrity of tight junction proteins, inhibiting oxidative stress and ameliorating the inflammatory disturbances. Accordingly, A. agallocha may be a promising therapeutic candidate used for the prevention of IM during cancer chemotherapy.Graphical abstractThe results of this study gave a scientific support for the protection of AEE on 5-Fu-induced IM in mice through mechanisms that involved in promoting the enterocyte proliferative activity, m...
Source: Phytomedicine - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 July 2018Source: American Heart JournalAuthor(s): Nuccia Morici, Fabrizio Oliva, Silvia Ajello, Miriam Stucchi, Alice Sacco, Manlio Gianni Cipriani, Michele De Bonis, Andrea Garascia, Maria Pia Gagliardone, Giulio Melisurgo, Claudio Francesco Russo, Carlo La Vecchia, Maria Frigerio, Federico PappalardoManagement of acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) patients presenting with cardiogenic shock (CS) is not straightforward, as few data are available from clinical trials. Stabilization before left ventricle assist device (LVAD) or heart transplantation (HTx) is strongly advocated, as ...
Source: American Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
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