Quantitative comparison of pre-therapy 99mTc-macroaggregated albumin SPECT/CT and post-therapy PET/MR studies of patients who have received intra-arterial radioembolization therapy with 90Y microspheres
ConclusionsThe two main contributors to the difference between dosimetry calculations using MAA versus 90Y PET/MRI can be attributed to the changes in catheter positioning as well as the liver ROIs used for the calculations. In spite of these differences, our results demonstrate that the dosimetry values obtained from pre-therapy MAA SPECT/CT scans and PET/MRI post-therapy 90Y studies were not significantly different. (Source: European Journal of Radiology)
Source: European Journal of Radiology - October 22, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Which ultrasound transducer type is best for diagnosing pneumothorax?
The objective is to assess the difference between a linear-array, curved-array, and phased-array ultrasound transducer in the assessment for pneumothorax and to determine which is best.MethodsIn this double-blinded, cross-sectional, observational study, 15 observers, experienced in lung ultrasonography, each assessed 66 blinded ultrasound video clips of either normal ventilation or pneumothorax that were recorded with three types of ultrasound transducers. The clips were recorded in 11 adult patients that underwent thoracoscopic lung surgery immediately before and after the surgeon opened the thorax. The diagnostic accurac...
Source: Critical Ultrasound Journal - October 22, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Disc Degeneration in Unfused Caudal Motion Segments Ten Years Following Surgery for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis
ConclusionIn the first study of its kind, we found that only 7.3% of patients had significant DD 10 years after surgical correction of AIS. Rates of DD increased over time. Our data provide evidence to support recommendations to save as many caudal motion segments as possible, to avoid fusing to L4, and maintain the LIV tilt angle below 5° and LIV translation less than 2 cm. (Source: Spine Deformity)
Source: Spine Deformity - October 21, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Triple O Content Innovations and New Section Editors
Publication date: Available online 21 October 2018Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral RadiologyAuthor(s): Mark W. Lingen (Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology)
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology - October 21, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

“Why We Need a Guide to New Teaching Methods Now”
Publication date: Available online 19 October 2018Source: Academic RadiologyAuthor(s): Kitt Shaffer (Source: Academic Radiology)
Source: Academic Radiology - October 21, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Reproducibility of mRECIST in Measurement and Response Assessment for Hepatocellular Carcinoma Treated by Transarterial Chemoembolization
ConclusionsThe intra- and interobserver reproducibility of mRECIST in patients with HCC after TACE was moderate to excellent, and the reproducibility was slightly better after cTACE than DEB-TACE. (Source: Academic Radiology)
Source: Academic Radiology - October 21, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Gallbladder Scalloping, Mammillated Caudate Lobe, and Inferior Vena Cava Scalloping: Three Novel Ultrasound Signs of Cirrhosis
ConclusionsGallbladder scalloping, mammillated caudate lobe, and inferior vena cava scalloping are three novel signs that improve the accuracy of ultrasound in diagnosing cirrhosis. (Source: Academic Radiology)
Source: Academic Radiology - October 21, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Change in Nephrometry Scoring in Small Renal Masses (<4 cm) on Active Surveillance: Preliminary Observations From Tayside Active Surveillance Cohort (TASC) Study
ConclusionsChange in nephrometry scoring measurements correlates with grade of cancer in small renal masses but falls short of significantly predicting presence of malignancy or grade of cancer on nomogram in patients opting for active surveillance for small renal masses. At present, this approach may be inadequate for decision-making. (Source: Academic Radiology)
Source: Academic Radiology - October 21, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Differentiation of Benign and Malignant Thyroid Nodules by Using Comb-push Ultrasound Shear Elastography: A Preliminary Two-plane View Study
ConclusionsThe elastic properties of thyroid nodules showed promise to be a good discriminator between malignant and benign nodules (P 
Source: Academic Radiology - October 21, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Comparison of Natural Language Processing Rules-based and Machine-learning Systems to Identify Lumbar Spine Imaging Findings Related to Low Back Pain
ConclusionsOur NLP system performed well in identifying the 26 lumbar spine findings, as benchmarked by reference-standard annotation by medical experts. Machine-learned models provided substantial gains in model sensitivity with slight loss of specificity, and overall higher AUC. (Source: Academic Radiology)
Source: Academic Radiology - October 21, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Incremental Prognostic Value of Apparent Diffusion Coefficient Histogram Analysis in Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Publication date: November 2018Source: Academic Radiology, Volume 25, Issue 11Author(s): Xiaoxia Li, Ying Yuan, Jiliang Ren, Yiqian Shi, Xiaofeng TaoRationale and ObjectivesWe aimed to investigate the incremental prognostic value of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) histogram analysis in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and integrate it into a multivariate prognostic model.Materials and MethodsA retrospective review of magnetic resonance imaging findings was conducted in patients with pathologically confirmed HNSCC between June 2012 and December 2015. For each tumor, six histogram parameters w...
Source: Academic Radiology - October 21, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Qualitative CT Criterion for Subsolid Nodule Subclassification: Improving Interobserver Agreement and Pathologic Correlation in the Adenocarcinoma Spectrum
ConclusionsThe agreement between observers on the novel SSN classification system was good and had better correlation with pathologic invasiveness than the conventional SSN classification. Further studies are needed to confirm these results on interobserver agreement. (Source: Academic Radiology)
Source: Academic Radiology - October 21, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Recognition of Neonatal Lymphatic Flow Disorder: Fetal MR Findings and Postnatal MR Lymphangiogram Correlation
ConclusionsNLDs can be recognized on prenatal and postnatal imaging and may be primary, as in neonatal chylothorax or CLFD, or secondary. In this small series, “nutmeg lung” was present in all patients. Prenatal imaging demonstrates that body wall edema may correlate with postnatal dermal backflow, which, in our small cohort, carried a poor prognosis. (Source: Academic Radiology)
Source: Academic Radiology - October 21, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Honorary Authorship in Radiologic Research Articles: Assessment of Pattern and Longitudinal Evolution
ConclusionThere has been little variation in the perception of honorary authorship among first authors of original research articles in radiology. The suggestion of adding an author and having coauthors performing only nonauthorship tasks are the two most important risk factors for honorary authorship. Our findings indicate that a prolonged course of transformation of current cultural norms is required to decrease honorary authorship. (Source: Academic Radiology)
Source: Academic Radiology - October 21, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Automated Breast Ultrasonography (ABUS) in the Screening and Diagnostic Setting: Indications and Practical Use
Publication date: November 2018Source: Academic Radiology, Volume 25, Issue 11Author(s): Rossella Rella, Paolo Belli, Michela Giuliani, Enida Bufi, Giorgio Carlino, Pierluigi Rinaldi, Riccardo ManfrediAutomated breast ultrasonography (ABUS) is a new imaging technology for automatic breast scanning through ultrasound. It was first developed to overcome the limitation of operator dependency and lack of standardization and reproducibility of handheld ultrasound. ABUS provides a three-dimensional representation of breast tissue and allows images reformatting in three planes, and the generated coronal plane has been suggested t...
Source: Academic Radiology - October 21, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Comparison of mandibular index values determined from standard panoramic versus CBCT reconstructed images
ConclusionsBecause of the overlapping of buccal and lingual cortices, panoramic images are especially inadequate for determining the C3 category of MCI. However, CS images obtained from available CBCT data provide better visibility than panoramic images and can, therefore, be used for evaluating mandibular indices. (Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology)
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology - October 20, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Panoramic Radiographs are of Limited Value in the Evaluation of Maxillary Sinus Disease
CONCLUSIONSPanoramic imaging has low efficacy in the diagnosis of sinus disease, even when examined by experienced dental radiologists. OPG can be useful in excluding disease, but three-dimensional scanning is necessary for the definitive investigation of sinus lesions. (Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology)
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology - October 20, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

An international survey to assess use of oral and rectal contrast in CT protocols for penetrating torso trauma
ConclusionEnteric contrast is used in a minority of respondents ’ centers for penetrating trauma cases, which is likely driven by a perceived lack of added benefit and delays in patient care. (Source: Emergency Radiology)
Source: Emergency Radiology - October 20, 2018 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

Automated Classification of Fatty and Normal Liver Ultrasound Images Based on Mutual Information Feature Selection
ConclusionThe experimental results show that the proposed system can be used for the classification of fatty and normal liver ultrasound images with higher accuracy.Graphical abstract (Source: IRBM)
Source: IRBM - October 20, 2018 Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research

Can computer-aided diagnosis assist in the identification of prostate cancer on prostate MRI? a multi-center, multi-reader investigation.
Authors: Gaur S, Lay N, Harmon SA, Doddakashi S, Mehralivand S, Argun B, Barrett T, Bednarova S, Girometti R, Karaarslan E, Kural AR, Oto A, Purysko AS, Antic T, Magi-Galluzzi C, Saglican Y, Sioletic S, Warren AY, Bittencourt L, Fütterer JJ, Gupta RT, Kabakus I, Law YM, Margolis DJ, Shebel H, Westphalen AC, Wood BJ, Pinto PA, Shih JH, Choyke PL, Summers RM, Turkbey B Abstract For prostate cancer detection on prostate multiparametric MRI (mpMRI), the Prostate Imaging-Reporting and Data System version 2 (PI-RADSv2) and computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) systems aim to widely improve standardization across radiologis...
Source: Oncotarget - October 20, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research

MR Imaging of the Spine: Urgent and Emergent Indications
Publication date: Available online 19 October 2018Source: Seminars in Ultrasound, CT and MRIAuthor(s): Efrat Saraf Lavi, Amit Pal, Drew Bleicher, Kyungmin Kang, Charif SidaniAbstractSpinal emergencies and urgent conditions must be recognized early so that the diagnosis can be quickly confirmed and treatment can be instituted to possibly prevent permanent loss of function. The ACR provides guidelines for recognition of patients presenting with myelopathy or acute low back pain who require further evaluation for suspicion of more serious problems and contribute to appropriate imaging utilization. Spinal emergencies include s...
Source: Seminars in Ultrasound, CT and MRI - October 20, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Relative contributions of lesion location and lesion size to predictions of varied language deficits in post-stroke aphasia
Publication date: Available online 19 October 2018Source: NeuroImage: ClinicalAuthor(s): Melissa Thye, Daniel MirmanAbstractDespite the widespread use of lesion-symptom mapping (LSM) techniques to study associations between location of brain damage and language deficits, the prediction of language deficits from lesion location remains a substantial challenge. The present study examined several factors which may impact lesion-symptom prediction by (1) testing the relative predictive advantage of general language deficit scores compared to composite scores that capture specific deficit types (2) isolating the relative contri...
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - October 20, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

DAXX Mutation Status of Embolization-Treated Neuroendocrine Tumors Predicts Shorter Time to Hepatic Progression
Publication date: Available online 19 October 2018Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional RadiologyAuthor(s): Etay Ziv, Samuel L. Rice, John Filtes, Hooman Yarmohammadi, F. Edward Boas, Joseph P. Erinjeri, Elena Nadia Petre, Lynn A. Brody, Karen T. Brown, Anne M. Covey, George I. Getrajdman, Majid Maybody, Nitya Raj, Constantinos T. Sofocleous, Stephen B. Solomon, Diane Reidy-LagunesAbstractPurposeTo identify common gene mutations in patients with neuroendocrine liver metastases (NLM) undergoing transarterial embolization (TAE) and establish relationship between these mutations and response to TAE.Materials and Meth...
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology - October 20, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Management of Diabetes Mellitus Before 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose PET/CT: A Nationwide Patient-Centered Assessment of Approaches to Examination Preparation
ConclusionsDiabetes-specific information is commonly withheld by nuclear medicine call centers throughout the United States when discussing oncologic FDG PET/CT despite local and national policies indicating its importance. (Source: Journal of the American College of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the American College of Radiology - October 20, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

The utility of DW-MRI in the diagnosis of pancreatic focal lesions
ConclusionDWMRI found to be a simple and non-invasive tool that aid in the diagnosis of pancreatic pathology with recommended high b-value and a cut-off ADC value of 1.5 that approved the highest sensitivity & specificity in differentiating benign from malignant pancreatic focal lesions. (Source: The Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine)
Source: The Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine - October 20, 2018 Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research

Role of multislice computed tomography in evaluation of congenital tracheobronchial branching anomalies
ConclusionThe role of MSCT imaging in the evaluation of tracheobronchial branching anomalies is central, being accurate and non-invasive. (Source: The Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine)
Source: The Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine - October 20, 2018 Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research

A Tetrahedron-based Heat Flux Signature for Cortical Thickness Morphometry Analysis.
Authors: Fan Y, Wang G, Lepore N, Wang Y Abstract Cortical thickness analysis of brain magnetic resonance images is an important technique in neuroimaging research. There are two main computational paradigms, namely voxel-based and surface-based methods. Recently, a tetrahedron-based volumetric morphometry (TBVM) approach involving proper discretization methods was proposed. The multi-scale and physics-based geometric features generated through such methods may yield stronger statistical power. However, several challenges, such as the lack of well-defined thickness statistics and the difficulty in filling tetrahedr...
Source: MICCAI International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention - October 20, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv Source Type: research

Synthesis of [18F]FAZA using Nosyl and Iodo Precursors for Nucleophilic Radiofluorination.
Authors: Sun W, Falzon C, Naimi E, Akbari A, Wiebe LI, Tandon M, Kumar P Abstract BACKGROUND: 1-α-D-(5-Deoxy-5-[18F]fluoroarabinofuranosyl)-2-nitroimidazole ([18F]FAZA) is manufactured by nucleophilic radiofluorination of 1-&alpha;-D-(2',3'-di-O-acetyl-5'-O-toluenesulfonylarabinofuranosyl)-2-nitroimidazole (DiAcTosAZA) and alkaline deprotection to afford [18F]FAZA. High yields (>60%) under optimized conditions frequently revert to low yields (
Source: Current Radiopharmaceuticals - October 20, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Curr Radiopharm Source Type: research

A new perspective for pulmonary thromboembolism radiology: ‘‘ pulmonary vein sign’’
The Clinical Respiratory Journal,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-. (Source: The Clinical Respiratory Journal)
Source: The Clinical Respiratory Journal - October 20, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Sinem Ermin, Ak ın Çinkooğlu, Seher Susam, Özgür Batum, Ufuk Yılmaz Source Type: research

A Valid and Precise Semiautomated Method for Quantifying INTERmuscular Fat INTRAmuscular Fat in Lower Leg Magnetic Resonance Images
The accumulation of INTERmuscular fat and INTRAmuscular fat (IMF) has been a hallmark of individuals with diabetes, those with mobility impairments such as spinal cord injuries and is known to increase with aging. An elevated amount of IMF has been associated with fractures and frailty, but the imprecision of IMF measurement has so far limited the ability to observe more consistent clinical associations. Magnetic resonance imaging has been recognized as the gold standard for portraying these features, yet reliable methods for quantifying IMF on magnetic resonance imaging is far from standardized. (Source: Journal of Clinical Densitometry)
Source: Journal of Clinical Densitometry - October 20, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Andy K.O. Wong, Eva Szabo, Marta Erlandson, Marshall S. Sussman, Sravani Duggina, Anny Song, Shannon Reitsma, Hana Gillick, Jonathan D. Adachi, Angela M. Cheung Source Type: research

Physical Performance Variables and Bone Parameters in a Group of Young Overweight and Obese Women
The aim of this study was to explore the relationships between physical performance variables and bone parameters such as bone mineral density (BMD), bone mineral content, hip geometry indices, and trabecular bone score in a group of young overweight and obese adult women. Sixty-eight overweight/obese (body mass index ≥25 kg/m2; 25.5–42.4 kg/m2) young women whose ages range from 18 to 35 yr participated in this study. Body composition and bone outcomes were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. (Source: Journal of Clinical Densitometry)
Source: Journal of Clinical Densitometry - October 20, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Abdel-Jalil Berro, Nathalie Al Rassy, Said Ahmaidi, Patchina Sabbagh, Anthony Khawaja, Ghassan Maalouf, Rawad El Hage Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Feasibility of extracellular volume quantification using dual-energy CT
ObjectiveTo assess the feasibility of dual energy CT (DECT) to derive myocardial extracellular volume (ECV) and detect myocardial ECV differences without a non-contrast acquisition, compared to single energy CT (SECT).MethodsSubjects (n  = 35) with focal fibrosis (n = 17), diffuse fibrosis (n = 10), and controls (n = 9) underwent non-contrast and delayed acquisitions to calculate SECT-ECV. DECT-ECV was calculated using the delayed acquisition and the derived virtual non-contrast images. In the control and diffuse fi brotic groups, the entire myocardium of the left ventricle was used to calculate ECV. (Sourc...
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography - October 20, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Marly van Assen, Carlo N. De Cecco, Pooyan Sahbaee, Marwen Eid, Parkwood Griffith, Maximillian J. Bauer, Rock Savage, Akos Varga-Szemes, Matthijs Oudkerk, Rozemarijn Vliegenthart, U. Joseph Schoepf Source Type: research

Aortic intramural hematoma with unique involvement of pulmonary arteries
A 49-year-old male with a history of end-stage renal disease and coronary artery disease presented with sudden onset of central chest pain radiating to the right jaw, diaphoresis, and shortness of breath. Electrocardiography (EKG) showed no abnormalities and chest radiograph (XRAY, Fig. 1) demonstrated a widened mediastinum concerning for aortic aneurysm. Non-contrast computed tomography (CT, Fig. 2) was chosen due to elevated creatinine (3.89mg/dL) which detected the presence of an intramural hematoma (IMH) extending from the proximal ascending aortic arch to the proximal brachiocephalic artery with unique involvement of ...
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography - October 20, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Walter M. Hodges, Leo Jia, Stephen F. White, Smeet Patel, Jayanth Keshavamurthy Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Machine-learning integration of CT histogram analysis to evaluate the composition of atherosclerotic plaques: Validation with IB-IVUS
To determine whether machine learning with histogram analysis of coronary CT angiography (CCTA) yields higher diagnostic performance for coronary plaque characterization than the conventional cut-off method using the median CT number. (Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography)
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography - October 20, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Takanori Masuda, Takeshi Nakaura, Yoshinori Funama, Tomokazu Okimoto, Tomoyasu Sato, Toru Higaki, Noritaka Noda, Naoyuki Imada, Yasutaka Baba, Kazuo Awai Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Clinical Application of Real-Time Sonoelastography for Evaluation of Medial Epicondylitis: A Pilot Study
The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic potential of real-time sonoelastography (RSE) in medial epicondylitis by comparing clinically diagnosed patients and patients without medial elbow pain. From July 2016 to December 2017, gray-scale sonographic findings (swelling, cortical irregularity, hypo-echogenicity, calcification and tear), color Doppler findings (hyperemia) and sonoelastographic findings (elastographic grade on a 3-point visual scale and strain ratio from two regions of interest) for 63 elbows of 56 patients were compared. (Source: Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology)
Source: Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology - October 20, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Minwoo Shin, Seok Hahn, Jisook Yi, Yun-Jung Lim, Jin-Young Bang Tags: Clinical Note Source Type: research

Barriers to Referral for Palliative Radiotherapy by Physicians: A  Systematic Review
Palliative radiotherapy (PRT) can relieve symptoms and improve quality of life, but remains underutilised, possibly due to lack of referrals. We conducted a systematic review to study barriers impeding referral for PRT. (Source: Clinical Oncology)
Source: Clinical Oncology - October 20, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: J. Livergant, M. Howard, J. Klein Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Abbreviated protocol breast MRI: The past, present, and future
Breast MRI has been shown to be the most sensitive examination in the detection of breast cancer. However, given the high associated costs, its use in the screening setting has traditionally been limited to those who are at high-risk for breast cancer. Abbreviated protocol breast MRI is capable of reducing the traditional costs associated with breast MRI, while maintaining diagnostic accuracy and cancer detection, and therefore a potential future screening tool for breast cancer in a broader population of women than just those at high-risk. (Source: Clinical Imaging)
Source: Clinical Imaging - October 20, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Heather I. Greenwood Tags: Breast Imaging Source Type: research

Triple O Content Innovations and New Section Editors
As we begin the year 2019, on behalf of the outstanding team at Elsevier and the Section Editors, I would like to thank the authors, readership, and sponsoring organizations for their ongoing support. We continue to strive to make improvements to the journal that I hope result in something that we all are proud to call “our own.” For example, we have worked diligently to decrease the turnaround time for manuscript processing. Currently, the average times to submission, being available online and final publication are 16, 19, and 35 days respectively. (Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Ra...
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontics - October 20, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Mark W. Lingen Source Type: research

Interactive patient-customized curvilinear reformatting for improving neurosurgical planning
ConclusionSingle fat-suppressed GAD contrast-enhanced T1-weighted magnetic resonance scans provide accurate preoperative 3D views of cortical and vascular relationships similar to neurosurgeons ’ intraoperative views. In developing countries with limited access to state-of-the-art health technologies, this imaging approach may improve the safety of complex neurosurgeries. (Source: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery)
Source: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery - October 20, 2018 Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research

Strain elastography in Crohn ’s disease: the role of visual observation and semiquantitative parameters
AbstractStrain elastography is a recently developed ultrasound method that seems to contribute to the diagnosis and monitoring of inflammatory bowel diseases. This pictorial essay aims to present the feasibility of strain elastography in clinical practice by comparing visual observation and semiquantitative parameters with endoscopic or radiological images in some common cases of Crohn ’s disease. In our opinion, strain elastography with visual observation is easily performed in connection with B-mode ultrasound and color Doppler imaging and may provide relevant information. Strain elastography with the elaboration o...
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - October 20, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Proteinuria is an independent predictor of rapid progression of mild to moderate aortic stenosis in patients with preserved renal function
AbstractAlthough proteinuria is a well-known risk factor for cardiovascular disease, its relationship with the progression of aortic stenosis (AS) has not been established. Our aim was to investigate the relationship between proteinuria (detected by urine dipstick test) and AS progression (assessed by the annualized reduction rate of aortic valve area [AVA]). A total of 460 patients with mild to moderate AS (defined by a peak velocity of 2.0 –4.0 m/s) without end-stage renal disease who underwent two echocardiograms at least 3 months apart were included. The progression of AS was significantly faster in pat...
Source: The International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging - October 20, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Can the spherical gold standards be used as an alternative to painted gold standards for the computerized detection of lesions using voxel-based classification?
ConclusionSpherical gold standards can be used as an alternative to painted gold standards for the computerized detection of lesions with simple shapes. (Source: Japanese Journal of Radiology)
Source: Japanese Journal of Radiology - October 20, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Radiological appearance of coal mine dust lung diseases in Australian workers
Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology, EarlyView. (Source: Australasian Radiology)
Source: Australasian Radiology - October 20, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Rhiannon McBean, Katrina Newbigin, Shannan Dickinson, Robert Edwards Source Type: research

Editorial board
Publication date: October 2018Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging, Volume 99, Issue 10Author(s): (Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging)
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - October 19, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Contents 2 pages
Publication date: October 2018Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging, Volume 99, Issue 10Author(s): (Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging)
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - October 19, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Acronyms, initialisms, and abbreviations
Publication date: October 2018Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging, Volume 99, Issue 10Author(s): P. Soyer (Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging)
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - October 19, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

A comparison of conventional and diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of sialadenitis and pleomorphic adenoma
Conclusion: DWI resulted in better diagnostic performance for detection of alterations in the salivary glands and for the differentiation between sialadenitis and pleomorphic adenoma compared to conventional T1 and T2-weighted MRI. (Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology)
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology - October 19, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

A novel vertebrate system for the examination and direct comparison of the relative biological effectiveness for different radiation qualities and sources.
CONCLUSION: The zebrafish embryo system is a powerful and versatile model for assessing the effect of ionizing radiation with different LET values on viability, organ and tissue development. PMID: 30332320 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Radiation Biology)
Source: International Journal of Radiation Biology - October 19, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Int J Radiat Biol Source Type: research

A meta-analytic study of experimental and chronic orofacial pain excluding headache disorders
Publication date: 2018Source: NeuroImage: Clinical, Volume 20Author(s): Lizbeth J. Ayoub, David A. Seminowicz, Massieh MoayediAbstractChronic orofacial pain (COFP) disorders are prevalent and debilitating pain conditions affecting the head, neck and face areas. Neuroimaging studies have reported functional and grey matter abnormalities, but not all the studies have reported consistent findings. Identifying convergent abnormalities across COFPs provides a basis for future hypothesis-driven research aimed at elucidating common CNS mechanisms. Here, we perform three coordinate-based meta-analyses according to PRISMA guideline...
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - October 19, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Between-Race Differences in Supplemental Breast Cancer Screening Before and After Breast Density Notification Law
We examined supplemental screening (ie, MRI, ultrasound, or tomosynthesis within 6 months of screening mammogram) among a sample of 2,764 African American (AA) and 691 European American (EA) women with negative or benign screening mammograms for whom we had data from both before and after implementation of breast density notification laws in the state of Michigan. Results indicated a 5-fold increase (from 0.14% to 0.7% of women) in supplemental screening among screen-negative women after passage of the law, driven in large part by an increase in supplemental screening among AA women. Breast density was more predictive of s...
Source: Journal of the American College of Radiology - October 19, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research