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Early Results From the Implementation of a Lung Cancer Screening Program: The Beaumont Health System Experience
Conclusions: The establishment of a low-dose CT lung cancer screening program improved the ability to screen patients as demonstrated by the number of patients screened and those diagnosed with a malignancy. These findings were also consistent with the findings from the National Lung Screening Trial study. (Source: American Journal of Clinical Oncology)
Source: American Journal of Clinical Oncology - February 23, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Original Articles: Health Policy Source Type: research

Radiation-induced G2/M arrest rarely occurred in glioblastoma stem-like cells.
CONCLUSIONS: We explored the cell cycle alterations and cell cycle-related proteins expression levels in GSLCs after irradiation, providing a novel mechanism of radioresistance of GSLCs. PMID: 29463172 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Radiation Biology)
Source: International Journal of Radiation Biology - February 23, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Int J Radiat Biol Source Type: research

Whole ‐tumor apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) histogram analysis to differentiate benign peripheral neurogenic tumors from soft tissue sarcomas
BackgroundApparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) histogram analyses have been used to differentiate tumor grades and predict therapeutic responses in various anatomic sites with moderate success. PurposeTo determine the ability of diffusion‐weighted imaging (DWI) with a whole‐tumor ADC histogram analysis to differentiate benign peripheral neurogenic tumors (BPNTs) from soft tissue sarcomas (STSs). Study TypeRetrospective study, single institution. SubjectsIn all, 25 BPNTs and 31 STSs. Field Strength/SequenceTwo‐b value DWI (b‐values = 0, 1000s/mm2) was at 3.0T. AssessmentThe histogram parameters of whol...
Source: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging - February 23, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Masanori Nakajo, Yoshihiko Fukukura, Hiroto Hakamada, Tomohide Yoneyama, Kiyohisa Kamimura, Satoshi Nagano, Masayuki Nakajo, Takashi Yoshiura Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Terson Syndrome Before Induction Chemotherapy for Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
A previously healthy 2-year-old female infant presented with pancytopenia and was diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Before the initiation of treatment, she developed symptoms concerning for increased intracranial pressure. Head imaging revealed left parietal hemorrhage, in addition to a right vitreous hemorrhage, which was confirmed on ophthalmology examination later. Terson syndrome, in which intraocular hemorrhage is associated with intracranial hemorrhage, is more commonly reported in adults, although ocular manifestations of leukemia have been reported at presentation and are typically asymptomatic. (Source:...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Hematology Oncology - February 22, 2018 Category: Hematology Tags: Radiology Corner Source Type: research

LVIS Jr. stent for treatment of intracranial aneurysms with parent vessel diameter of 2.5  mm or less.
Conclusions Stenting with the LVIS Jr. stent allowed us to treat complex intracranial aneurysms with parent vessel diameter of 2.5 mm or less with an acceptable safety profile. PMID: 29463145 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Interventional Neuroradiology)
Source: Interventional Neuroradiology - February 22, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Interv Neuroradiol Source Type: research

Optimized computed tomography protocol for assessment of dentition in alpacas.
CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE Results indicated that for a 64-slice CT scanner, the optimal protocol for the acquisition of CT images of the dentition in alpacas was a sequential scan with a slice thickness of 1.25 mm. PMID: 29466047 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research)
Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research - February 22, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Fulkerson CV, Lim CK, Baird AN, Weil AB, Heng HG, Gutierrez-Crespo B, Moore GE Tags: Am J Vet Res Source Type: research

Plantar Fibromatosis and Other Fibroblastic and Fibrohistiocytic Soft Tissue Tumors of the Foot.
Authors: Ersoy H, Pomeranz SJ Abstract Plantar fibromatosis, also known as Ledderhose's disease, is a benign fibroblastic disorder of plantar aponeurosis, more specifically the medial side of the foot arch. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has an important role in the diagnosis, staging, and determining the deep extension found in advanced, aggressive forms of plantar fibromatosis, thereby guiding appropriate clinical and surgical management. This case report aims to provide radiologists and clinicians with simple guidelines for the differential diagnosis of the fibroblastic and fibrohistiocytic soft tissue tumors ...
Source: Journal of surgical orthopaedic advances - February 22, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Surg Orthop Adv Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Magnetic Resonance Imaging)
Source: Magnetic Resonance Imaging - February 22, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Contemporary Clinical Trials)
Source: Contemporary Clinical Trials - February 22, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Simultaneous multislice triple ‐echo steady‐state (SMS‐TESS) T1, T2, PD, and off‐resonance mapping in the human brain
ConclusionSMS‐TESS has shown potential to offer rapid simultaneous T1, T2, PD, and ΔB0 mapping of human brain tissues. (Source: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine)
Source: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine - February 22, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Rahel Heule, Zarko Celicanin, Sebastian Kozerke, Oliver Bieri Tags: FULL PAPER Source Type: research

Variability of T1-weighted signal intensity of pericallosal lipomas in the fetus
ConclusionThe type and size of a lipoma influence T1 prenatal intensity. Absence of T1 intensity was observed in curvilinear lipomas only. Curvilinear lipomas are much thinner. Changes in T1 intensity may also be related to fat maturation within the lipoma and, subsequently, to gestational age. In the case of callosum dysgenesis, absence of prenatal T1 pericallosal hyperintensity should not exclude the diagnosis of pericallosal lipoma. (Source: Pediatric Radiology)
Source: Pediatric Radiology - February 22, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Pediatric Radiology Continuing Medical Education Activity
(Source: Pediatric Radiology)
Source: Pediatric Radiology - February 22, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Distinguishing child abuse fractures from rickets
(Source: Pediatric Radiology)
Source: Pediatric Radiology - February 22, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Hermes
(Source: Pediatric Radiology)
Source: Pediatric Radiology - February 22, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Tracheal agenesis: optimization of computed tomography diagnosis by airway ventilation
We describe a procedure of airway management applied in two newborns with suspected tracheal agenesis. Correct airway management was performed immediately prior to CT examination by airway ventilation, with bag-valve mask alone in one case, and attached to an endotracheal tube placed into the esophagus in the other case. The images allowed for classification of tracheal agenesis. Computed tomography with appropriate airway ventilation is fundamental for the diagnosis of tracheal agenesis. (Source: Pediatric Radiology)
Source: Pediatric Radiology - February 22, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Complications of Intravenous Substance Use Disorders (SUDs): A Multimodality Pictorial Essay for Cardiothoracic Radiologists
This article will use a multimodality approach to review complications of intravenous substance use that cardiothoracic radiologists are likely to encounter. Radiologists should be aware of these multisystem complications that can affect the cardiovascular, respiratory, and musculoskeletal systems in order to make an accurate and timely diagnosis, which can drastically alter the management of these patients. (Source: Journal of Thoracic Imaging)
Source: Journal of Thoracic Imaging - February 22, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Web Exclusive Content-Pictorial Essay Source Type: research

Measuring Left Ventricular Size in Non–Electrocardiographic-gated Chest Computed Tomography: What Radiologists Should Know
Non–electrocardiographic (ECG)-gated computed tomography (CT) of the chest is one of the most commonly performed imaging studies. Although the heart is included in every CT study, cardiac findings are commonly underreported in radiology reports. Left ventricular size is one of the most important prognostic markers in multiple cardiac diseases and can be measured on almost all non–ECG-gated multidetector chest CT studies. This review will discuss the available evidence on different measurements of left ventricular size obtained on non–ECG-gated CT of the chest. Measurement thresholds, technical issues, and...
Source: Journal of Thoracic Imaging - February 22, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research

Quantitative Imaging and Imaging Biomarkers: The Search for Generalizability in Radiology
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Thoracic Imaging)
Source: Journal of Thoracic Imaging - February 22, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Integration of radiology and clinical score in pediatric appendicitis
ConclusionUS or abdominal X‐ray in children with possible appendicitis should be integrated with PAS to determine the next steps in management. In the case of discordance between the clinical findings and radiology, prolonged observation or further imaging are recommended. (Source: Pediatrics International)
Source: Pediatrics International - February 22, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Derya Aydin, Caner Turan, Ali Yurtseven, Petek Bayindir, Bade Toker, Zafer Dokumcu, Murat Sezak, Eylem Ulas Saz Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Ultrasound Vein and Artery Mapping by General Surgery Residents During Initial Consult Can Decrease Time to Dialysis Access Creation
Formal preoperative ultrasound (US) mapping of vascular anatomy by radiology is recommended prior to hemodialysis access surgery. We hypothesized that US performed by general surgery residents in place of formal US would decrease the time from initial consult to creation of dialysis access without affecting patient outcomes. (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 22, 2018 Category: Surgery Authors: Kelsey Gray, Abraham Korn, Joshua Zane, Gabriel Conzalez, Amy Kaji, Nina Bowens, Christian de Virgilio Source Type: research

Esophagus toxicity after stereotactic and hypofractionated radiotherapy for central lung tumors: Normal tissue complication probability modeling
To correlate esophagus toxicity and dose-volume histogram (DVH) parameters in order to assess risks, and derive a Normal Tissue Complication Probability (NTCP) model. (Source: Radiotherapy and Oncology)
Source: Radiotherapy and Oncology - February 22, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: M. Duijm, H. Tekatli, E. Oomen-de Hoop, W. Verbakel, W. Schillemans, B.J. Slotman, S. Senan, J.J. Nuyttens Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Do radiation oncology outreach clinics affect the use of radiotherapy?
The scope and effect of radiation oncology (RO) outreach activities within centralized radiotherapy (RT) systems is poorly defined. The purpose of this study was to describe the outreach activities of Ontario ’s regional cancer centres, and to explore the relationship between radiation oncology (RO) outreach clinics and rates of radiotherapy (RT) utilization at hospitals without RT on site (HWOS-RT). (Source: Radiotherapy and Oncology)
Source: Radiotherapy and Oncology - February 22, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Pierre-Yves McLaughlin, Weidong Kong, Catherine de Metz, Timothy P. Hanna, Michael Brundage, Padraig Warde, Eric Gutierrez, William J. Mackillop Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Low Incidence of esophageal toxicity following Lung SBRT: Are current esophageal dose constraints too conservative?
Tumours in close proximity to the esophagus present a challenge for lung SBRT, as potential esophageal toxicity must be balanced with the goal of tumour control. The purpose of this study was to explore and quantify the relationship between esophageal dose and toxicity. (Source: International Journal of Radiation Oncology * Biology * Physics)
Source: International Journal of Radiation Oncology * Biology * Physics - February 22, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Vivian Yau, Patricia Lindsay, Lisa Le, Anthea Lau, Olive Wong, Daniel Glick, Andrea Bezjak, B.C.John Cho, Andrew Hope, Alex Sun, Meredith Giuliani Tags: Clinical Investigation Source Type: research

Demonstration of safety and feasibility of hydrogel marking of the pancreas-duodenum interface for image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT) in a porcine model: Implications in IGRT for pancreatic cancer patients
This study presents the feasibility and safety of marking the pancreas and duodenum interface with a high-contrast hydrogel and demonstrates acceptable visibility of the marked location on cone beam computed tomography using a porcine model. Translation of this technique to the radiotherapy treatment of pancreatic cancer patients would enable on-board visualization of this important boundary between the radiation target and the dose-limiting duodenum, facilitating future efforts towards safe dose-escalation. (Source: International Journal of Radiation Oncology * Biology * Physics)
Source: International Journal of Radiation Oncology * Biology * Physics - February 22, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Avani D. Rao, Eun Ji Shin, Sarah E. Beck, Caroline Garrett, Seong-Hun Kim, Nam Ju Lee, Eleni Liapi, John Wong, Joseph Herman, Amol Narang, Kai Ding Tags: Physics Contribution Source Type: research

A Phase II Study of Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy and Stereotactic Body Proton Therapy for High-Risk Medically Inoperable Early-Stage Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
A phase II randomized study to compare SBRT vs. SBPT was terminated early due to poor accrual; treatment outcomes after SBPT appeared no worse than those after SBRT numerically with low treatment related toxicity in both groups. Lack of volumetric imaging and insurance coverage for patients treated with SBPT were the major barriers to accrual. In addition to financial issues, similar maturity of treatment planning and imaged-guided delivery are essential for future comparison studies between proton and photon therapy. (Source: International Journal of Radiation Oncology * Biology * Physics)
Source: International Journal of Radiation Oncology * Biology * Physics - February 22, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Chonnipa Nantavithya, Daniel R. Gomez, Xiong Wei, Ritsuko Komaki, Zhongxing Liao, Steven H. Lin, Melenda Jeter, Quynh-Nhu Nguyen, Heng Li, Xiaodong Zhang, Falk Poenisch, X Ronald Zhu, Peter A. Balter, Lei Feng, Noah C. Choi, Radhe Mohan, Joe Y. Chang Tags: Clinical Investigation Source Type: research

Full-Field-of-View Time-Harmonic Elastography of the Native Kidney
The purpose of this study was to analyze full-field-of-view maps of renal shear wave speed (SWS) measured by time-harmonic elastography (THE) in healthy volunteers in terms of reproducibility, regional variation and physiologic effects. The kidneys of 37 healthy volunteers were investigated by multifrequency THE. The complete renal parenchyma, as well as cortex and medulla, was analyzed. A subgroup was investigated to test reproducibility (n  = 3). Significant differences between SWS in cortex, medulla and full parenchyma were observed (2.10 ± 0.17, 1.35 ± 0.11 and 1....
Source: Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology - February 22, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Stephan Rodrigo Marticorena Garcia, Markus Grossmann, Sophia Theresa Lang, Manh Nguyen Trong, Michael Schultz, Jing Guo, Bernd Hamm, J ürgen Braun, Ingolf Sack, Heiko Tzschätzsch Tags: Original Contribution Source Type: research

Quantitative Evaluation of Hepatic Microvascular Perfusion after Ischemia –Reperfusion Injury in Rabbits by Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound Perfusion Imaging
The aim of this study was to evaluate microvascular perfusion after liver ischemia –reperfusion injury (IRI) in rabbits using the “flash-replenishment” method of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) perfusion imaging. Twenty-eight rabbits underwent either 30, 60 or 90 min of ischemia and 120 min of reperfusion. CEUS perfusion imaging was performed using the “flash-reple nishment” model, and hepatic microvascular perfusion parameters, including peak intensity (PI), area under the curve (AUC), and hepatic artery-to-vein transit time (HA-HVTT), were calculated. (Source: Ultrasound in...
Source: Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology - February 22, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Fang Xie, Xiang Fei, Ming-Bo Zhang, Yan Zhang, Hong-Wei Wang, Jie Tang, Wen-Bo Tang, Yu-Kun Luo Tags: Original Contribution Source Type: research

Response to a Request for Clarification Regarding the Advanced Radiotherapy Technologies Network (ART-NET)
We thank Dr Hartley for his comments on our Editorial on the Cancer Research UK Advanced Radiotherapy Technologies Network (ART-NET) [1] and will answer his questions in the order in which they were posed. (Source: Clinical Oncology)
Source: Clinical Oncology - February 22, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: C. Faivre-Finn, K. Harrington Tags: Letter Source Type: research

Feasibility of Dose-escalated Hypofractionated Chemoradiation in Human Papilloma Virus-negative or Smoking-associated Oropharyngeal Cancer
This study prospectively investigated a dose-intensified schedule in poor/intermediate prognosis OPSCC. (Source: Clinical Oncology)
Source: Clinical Oncology - February 22, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: S. Meade, P. Gaunt, A. Hartley, M. Robinson, V. Harrop, J. Cashmore, L. Wagstaff, J. Babrah, S.J. Bowden, H. Mehanna, P. Sanghera Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Tuberculosis mastitis presenting as bilateral breast masses
We present a case of a 49-year-old female with a breast mass initially diagnosed as idiopathic granulomatous mastitis. Failure to respond to standard treatments, development of new breast masses, and discovery of a concurrent ulcerating thigh rash with similar histologic findings as the breast masses prompted further investigation, which ultimately lead to the diagnosis of tuberculosis mastitis. (Source: Clinical Imaging)
Source: Clinical Imaging - February 22, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Yujie Qiao, Jessica H. Hayward, Ronald Balassanian, Kimberly M. Ray, Bonnie N. Joe, Amie Y. Lee Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Syncope in a middle aged female: Splenic artery aneurysm revisited
Splenic artery aneurysm (SAA) is a rare potentially fatal condition with an estimated prevalence in the general population ranging between 0.2 and 10.4%. Ruptured splenic artery aneurysm poses a great diagnostic challenge to emergency physicians due to non-specific and potentially fatal presentations. Dual (arterial and venous) phase imaging is very important for identifying the source of an active intraabdominal bleed when patients are stable enough to tolerate the exam. Here, we present a case of a 54-year-old female who presented with syncope to the emergency department, diagnosed with ruptured splenic artery aneurysm. ...
Source: Clinical Imaging - February 22, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Nour Al Jalbout, Anna Jean Moreland Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Reliability of 3D arterial spin labeling MR perfusion measurements: The effects of imaging parameters, scanner model, and field strength
The aim of this study was to investigate the reliability of cerebral blood flow (CBF) measurements obtained by 3D pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling (pCASL) imaging according to imaging parameters, scanner model, and field strength. We acquired 3D pCASL images in 12 healthy volunteers using four different scanners: two 3.0  T scanners and two 1.5 T scanners. Reliability was evaluated using intraclass correlation coefficient. Our results indicate that the influence of the post-labeling delay and scanner model on CBF measurements should be taken into consideration. (Source: Clinical Imaging)
Source: Clinical Imaging - February 22, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Yoshihito Tanaka, Yusuke Inoue, Yutaka Abe, Hiroki Miyatake, Hirofumi Hata Source Type: research

Cardiac-gated intravoxel incoherent motion diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging for the investigation of intracranial cerebrospinal fluid dynamics in the lateral ventricle: a feasibility study
ConclusionThe fraction of fast diffusion from IVIM is feasible to detect a direction-dependent and cardiac-dependent pulsatile CSF flow within the lateral ventricles allowing for quantitative monitoring of CSF dynamics. This technique might provide opportunities to further investigate the pathophysiology of various neurological disorders involving altered CSF dynamics. (Source: Neuroradiology)
Source: Neuroradiology - February 22, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Radiomic features on MRI enable risk categorization of prostate cancer patients on active surveillance: Preliminary findings
BackgroundRadiomic analysis is defined as computationally extracting features from radiographic images for quantitatively characterizing disease patterns. There has been recent interest in examining the use of MRI for identifying prostate cancer (PCa) aggressiveness in patients on active surveillance (AS). PurposeTo evaluate the performance of MRI‐based radiomic features in identifying the presence or absence of clinically significant PCa in AS patients. Study TypeRetrospective. Subjects ModelMRI/TRUS (transperineal grid ultrasound) fusion‐guided biopsy was performed for 56 PCa patients on AS who had undergone prebiops...
Source: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging - February 22, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Ahmad Algohary, Satish Viswanath, Rakesh Shiradkar, Soumya Ghose, Shivani Pahwa, Daniel Moses, Ivan Jambor, Ronald Shnier, Maret B öhm, Anne‐Maree Haynes, Phillip Brenner, Warick Delprado, James Thompson, Marley Pulbrock, Andrei S Purysko, Sadhna Verma Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Endovascular Removal of Inferior Vena Cava Filters with Arterial Penetration
To evaluate the safety and outcomes of endovascular percutaneous removal of inferior vena cava filters (IVCFs) with elements penetrating an artery. (Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology : JVIR)
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology : JVIR - February 22, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Christopher Duncan, Scott O. Trerotola, S. William Stavropoulos Tags: Clinical Study Source Type: research

Opioid Prescribing Behavior of Interventional Radiologists Across the  United States
To study opioid prescribing behavior of US interventional radiologists (IRs). (Source: Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR)
Source: Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR - February 22, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Andrew B. Rosenkrantz, J. David Prologo, Wenyi Wang, Danny R. Hughes, Zachary L. Bercu, Richard Duszak Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Complex Nature of Radiation Risk in Medical Imaging
Q. Why is radiation risk in medical imaging such a controversy? (Source: Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR)
Source: Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR - February 22, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Richard Morin, Mahadevappa Mahesh Tags: The medical physics consult Source Type: research

Early Results of Transcatheter Arterial Embolization for Relief of Chronic Shoulder or Elbow Pain Associated with Tendinopathy Refractory to Conservative Treatment
To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of transcatheter arterial embolization to relieve pain associated with shoulder and elbow tendinopathy refractory to conservative treatment. (Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology : JVIR)
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology : JVIR - February 22, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Jin Ho Hwang, Sang Woo Park, Ki Hyun Kim, Seoung Joon Lee, Kyung-Soo Oh, Seok Won Chung, Sung Gyu Moon Tags: Clinical Study Source Type: research

Safety and Efficacy of Repeat Embolization for Recurrent Hemoptysis: A 16-Year Retrospective Study Including 223 Patients
To assess safety, efficacy, and long-term outcome of repeat bronchial artery embolization (BAE) for recurrent hemoptysis. (Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology : JVIR)
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology : JVIR - February 22, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Geert Maleux, Tom Matton, Annouschka Laenen, Lawrence Bonne, Sandra Cornelissen, Lieven Dupont Tags: Clinical Study Source Type: research

Uterine Artery Embolization for Pedunculated Subserosal Leiomyomas: Evidence of Safety and Efficacy
To evaluate safety and efficacy of uterine artery embolization (UAE) for pedunculated subserosal (PS) leiomyomas. (Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology : JVIR)
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology : JVIR - February 22, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Yong Seek Kim, Kichang Han, Man-Deuk Kim, Gyoung Min Kim, Joon Ho Kwon, Junhyung Lee, Woosun Choi, Jong Yun Won, Do Yun Lee Tags: Clinical Study Source Type: research

Chitosan-Based Hydrogel Microparticles for Treatment of Carcinoma in a Rabbit VX2 Liver Tumor Model
To investigate potential of chitosan hydrogel microparticles (CHI) for treatment of VX2 carcinoma. (Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology : JVIR)
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology : JVIR - February 22, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Hyosook Hwang, Hyeon-Soo Kim, JeongIl Kwon, Phil-Sun Oh, Ho Sung Park, Seok Tae Lim, Myung-Hee Sohn, Hwan-Jeong Jeong Tags: Laboratory Investigation Source Type: research

Isolated Arteries Originating from the Intrahepatic Arteries: Anatomy, Function, and Importance in Intervention
Isolated hepatic arteries are defined as hepatic terminal arterioles that are not accompanied by portal venules or bile ductules and penetrate the liver parenchyma and distribute to the hepatic capsule and intrahepatic hepatic veins. Abundant communications exist between intra- and extrahepatic arteries through isolated arteries and capsular arterial plexus. They play a principal role in the development of subcapsular hemorrhage and arterial collateral formation following transcatheter arterial chemoembolization for liver cancers. (Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology : JVIR)
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology : JVIR - February 22, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Kotaro Yoshida, Osamu Matsui, Shiro Miyayama, Kenji Ibukuro, Norihide Yoneda, Dai Inoue, Kazuto Kozaka, Tetsuya Minami, Wataru Koda, Toshifumi Gabata Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Transarterial Chemoembolization within First 3 Months of Sorafenib Initiation Improves Overall Survival in Hepatocellular Carcinoma: A Retrospective, Multi-Institutional Study with Propensity Matching
The objective of this study was to assess whether SOR  + transarterial chemoembolization provides benefit over SOR alone in this setting. (Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology : JVIR)
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology : JVIR - February 22, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: David E. Kaplan, Rajni Mehta, Kathryn D ’Addeo, Terence P. Gade, Tamar H. Taddei Tags: Clinical Study Source Type: research

Fostering Diversity and Inclusion: A  Summary of the 2017 Intersociety Summer Conference
Publication date: Available online 22 February 2018 Source:Journal of the American College of Radiology Author(s): Jonathan B. Kruskal, Amy K. Patel, Deborah Levine, Cheri L. Canon, Katarzyna J. Macura, Brenda J. Allen, Carolyn Meltzer The 39th radiology Intersociety Committee reviewed the current state of diversity among trainees and in our workplaces and addressed future strategies for fostering diversity through inclusion. The assembled participants addressed the imperatives and drivers for diversity and developed a road map to foster diversity. Themes included the need to be proactive in increasing awareness of our ow...
Source: Journal of the American College of Radiology - February 22, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Out-of-Pocket Costs for Advanced Imaging  Across the US Private Insurance Marketplace
Conclusions In the US private insurance marketplace, patients very commonly pay coinsurance when undergoing advanced imaging, both in and out of network. But out-of-network services usually involve drastically higher patient financial responsibilities (potentially 100% of examination cost). To more effectively engage patients in shared decision making and mitigate the hardships of surprise balance billing, radiologists should facilitate transparent communication of advanced imaging costs with patients. (Source: Journal of the American College of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the American College of Radiology - February 22, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Effective Research Mentoring of Radiology Residents
Publication date: Available online 22 February 2018 Source:Journal of the American College of Radiology Author(s): Charlotte S. Taylor, Vani Vijayakumar (Source: Journal of the American College of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the American College of Radiology - February 22, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Complex Nature of Radiation Risk in Medical Imaging
Publication date: Available online 22 February 2018 Source:Journal of the American College of Radiology Author(s): Richard Morin, Mahadevappa Mahesh (Source: Journal of the American College of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the American College of Radiology - February 22, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Opioid Prescribing Behavior of Interventional Radiologists Across the  United States
Conclusion Most IRs write few, if any, prescriptions for Medicare beneficiaries. Of those who do, the large majority writes for opioids, at rates higher than national physician benchmarks. IRs’ opioid prescribing varies significantly based on physician and practice characteristics and particularly whether the IR provides clinical E&M services. In light of the nation’s opioid epidemic, these observations may guide education, practice improvement, and policy efforts to optimize opioid prescribing. (Source: Journal of the American College of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the American College of Radiology - February 22, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

The Role of Artificial Intelligence in Diagnostic Radiology: A Survey at a Single Radiology Residency Training Program
Conclusions Radiologists lack exposure to current scientific medical articles on artificial intelligence. Trainees are concerned by the implications artificial intelligence may have on their jobs and desire to learn about the topic. There is a need to develop educational resources to help radiologists assume an active role in guiding and facilitating the development and implementation of artificial intelligence tools in diagnostic radiology. (Source: Journal of the American College of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the American College of Radiology - February 22, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Facing the Guilt and Commemorating the Victims: German Radiology and Radiation Oncology During National Socialism
Publication date: Available online 21 February 2018 Source:Journal of the American College of Radiology Author(s): Franziska Eckert, Paul Weindling, Astrid Ley, Hans-Joachim Lang, Sascha Lang, Gabriele Moser Whereas the scientific community is aware of atrocities committed by medical doctors like Mengele, the specifics of radiology and radiation oncology during National Socialism remain largely unknown. Starting in 2010, the German Radiology Association and the German Association of Radiation Oncology coordinated a national project looking into original archival material. A national committee convened in 2013 to discuss t...
Source: Journal of the American College of Radiology - February 22, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research