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Long-term shunt patency and overall survival of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt placement using covered stents with bare stents versus covered stents alone
To investigate the long-term shunt patency and overall survival of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) placement using covered stents with or without bare stents over a follow-up period up to 7 years. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - February 20, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Y.-H. Li, Z.-Y. Xu, H.-M. Wu, L.-H. Yang, Y. Xu, X.-N. Wu, Y.-M. Wan Source Type: research

Re: RCR audit of compliance with UK guidelines for the prevention and detection of acute kidney injury in adult patients undergoing iodinated contrast media injections for CT. A reply
Sir — We would like to thank Dr Mackay for his interest in our paper and take the opportunity to respond to his comments. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - February 16, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: L.H. Cope, K.J. Drinkwater, D.C. Howlett Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Could early tumour volume changes assessed on morphological MRI predict the response to chemoradiation therapy in locally-advanced rectal cancer?
To investigate the potential role of an additional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination performed during neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy (CRT) in the prediction of pathological response in locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC). (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - February 16, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: A. Palmisano, A. Esposito, A. Di Chiara, A. Ambrosi, P. Passoni, N. Slim, C. Fiorino, L. Albarello, N. Di Muzio, R. Calandrino, R. Rosati, A. Del Maschio, F. De Cobelli Source Type: research

Microstructural visual pathway abnormalities in patients with primary glaucoma: 3 T diffusion kurtosis imaging study
To evaluate microstructural visual pathway damage in patients with primary glaucoma (PG) by using 3 T diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI). (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - February 16, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Z.F. Xu, J.S. Sun, X.H. Zhang, Y.Y. Feng, A.Z. Pan, M.Y. Gao, H. Zhao Source Type: research

Right adrenal vein: comparison between adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction and model-based iterative reconstruction
To compare right adrenal vein (RAV) visualisation and contrast enhancement degree on adrenal venous phase images reconstructed using adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASiR) and model-based iterative reconstruction (MBIR) techniques. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - February 16, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Y. Noda, S. Goshima, S. Nagata, T. Miyoshi, H. Kawada, N. Kawai, Y. Tanahashi, M. Matsuo Source Type: research

Comparison of CT radiogenomic and clinical characteristics between EGFR and KRAS mutations in lung adenocarcinomas
To compare computed tomography (CT) radiogenomic and clinical characteristics between patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene (KRAS) mutations in lung adenocarcinomas. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - February 14, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: J. Lv, H. Zhang, J. Ma, Y. Ma, G. Gao, Z. Song, Y. Yang Source Type: research

Diagnostic performance of two corrected transluminal attenuation gradient metrics in coronary CT angiography for the evaluation of significant in-stent restenosis by dual-source CT: a validation study with invasive coronary angiography
To determine the diagnostic potential of transluminal attenuation gradients (TAG) with exclusion of stented coronary segments (TAG-ExS) and TAG-corrected contrast opacification (CCO) excluding stented coronary segments (TAG-CCO-ExS) for the assessment of in-stent restenosis (ISR). (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - February 14, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: D. Wen, J. Li, H. Zhao, J. Li, M. Zheng Source Type: research

A retrospective review of registrar out-of-hours reporting in a university hospital: the effect of time and seniority on discrepancy rates
To assess the influence of time, intensity, and trainee seniority on radiology registrars' major and minor discrepancy rates during weekend reporting at a university teaching hospital. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - February 14, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: V. Lam, J.A. Stephenson Source Type: research

Special issue on breast imaging: part 1
This special edition of Clinical Radiology is devoted to breast imaging. Breast imaging is constantly evolving with development of new imaging technologies that push the boundaries and challenge radiologists to adopt new ways of working and thinking. There are five review articles in this edition, which cover a broad spectrum of topics, but all are intertwined. The authors were posed with the challenge of describing current practice and the future directions of breast imaging. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - February 10, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: N. Sharma Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Evolving imaging techniques for staging axillary lymph nodes in breast cancer
The presence and extent of axillary nodal metastases at the time of breast cancer diagnosis is a critical factor in disease prognosis and plays a central role in deciding the best treatment for patients. Accurate assessment of the axilla is therefore an essential component in staging breast cancer. Over the years, axillary staging has evolved from surgical axillary lymph node dissection (ALND), with its numerous associated long-term complications, to the much less-radical surgical sentinel lymph node excision biopsy (SLNB), the current reference standard. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - February 10, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: S. Lowes, A. Leaver, K. Cox, K. Satchithananda, D. Cosgrove, A. Lim Tags: Review Source Type: research

Re: RCR audit of compliance with UK guidelines for the prevention and detection of acute kidney injury in adult patients undergoing iodinated contrast media injections for CT
Sir — I read with interest the report of an audit by Cope et al. of compliance with national guidelines on acute kidney injury (AKI) following iodine-based contrast medium (IBCM) administration.1 Although the results were thought-provoking, unfortunately the current National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) and Royal College of Radiologists (RCR) guidelines do not reflect accumulating evidence that contrast-induced AKI (CI-AKI) may not exist at all and, if it does, the risk is very small and likely confined to those with an eGFR (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - February 10, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: J.W. MacKay Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

The importance of histological assessment after  neoadjuvant therapy and the need for standardisation
Neoadjuvant therapy is increasingly being recognised as a management option for patients with primary invasive breast carcinoma; this may take the form of primary endocrine treatment or primary chemotherapy. Surgical specimens from women treated with neoadjuvant treatments, particularly primary chemotherapy, may cause a challenge for the histopathologist in handling and interpretation and have, in the past, been sampled, evaluated, and reported in a non-standardised way. This limits comparison between clinical trials and potentially provides clinicians and patients with suboptimal prognostic information. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - February 10, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: K. Naidoo, S.E. Pinder Tags: Review Source Type: research

Role of tomosynthesis in breast imaging going forward
Digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) is a modified mammographic technique that overcomes some of the limitations of full-field digital mammography (2DDM) by eliminating the effect of overlapping breast tissue. In the UK, DBT is utilised in both the symptomatic setting and in breast screening assessment clinics. A literature search was conducted from 2010 –2017 to ensure that the most recent developments in DBT technology, clinical applications, and assessment of its usefulness in breast screening were reviewed. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - February 5, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: M.J. Michell, B. Batohi Tags: Review Source Type: research

WITHDRAWN: Bomb blast imaging: bringing order to chaos
The publisher regrets that this article has been temporarily removed. A replacement will appear as soon as possible in which the reason for the removal of the article will be specified, or the article will be reinstated.The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at https://www.elsevier.com/about/our-business/policies/article-withdrawal. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - February 4, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: E.A. Dick, M. Ballard, H. Alwan-Walker, E. Kashef, N. Batrick, S. Hettiaratchy, C.G. Moran Source Type: research

Bomb blast imaging: bringing order to chaos
This article will help you gain the requisite expertise in blast imaging including recognising primary, secondary, and tertiary blast injuries. It will also help you understand the fundamental role that imaging plays during mass casualty attacks and how to avoid radiology becoming a bottleneck to the forward flow of severely injured patients as they are triaged and treated. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - February 4, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: E.A. Dick, M. Ballard, H.A. Walker, E. Kashef, N. Batrick, S. Hettiaratchy, C.G. Moran Tags: Pictorial Review Source Type: research

Non-interpretive radiology: an Irish perspective
To describe and quantify the range of non-interpretive tasks engaged in by consultant radiologists in Ireland today. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - February 4, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: A.N. Murphy, N.P. Sheehy, P.V. Kavanagh Source Type: research

Contrast-enhanced CT findings of intravenous leiomyomatosis
To characterise the contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) imaging findings of nine patients with intravenous leiomyomatosis (IVL). (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - February 4, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: H. Wang, P. Nie, B. Chen, F. Hou, C. Dong, F. He, W. Xu Source Type: research

Role of performance metrics in breast screening imaging – where are we and where should we be?
The NHS Breast Screening Programme (NHSBSP) was started in 1988 and is a large, organised cancer screening programme. It is delivered by 80 services across England and screens over 2 million women each year. As a screening programme, it must balance the detection of cancers against possible harm to women who do not have cancer. The NHSBSP was therefore designed with detailed information gathering and performance metrics right from the start. In this review paper, we examine how performance metrics in screening mammography have improved the national screening programme and the further developments and challenges that are ex...
Source: Clinical Radiology - February 3, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: S.L. Cohen, R.G. Blanks, J. Jenkins, O. Kearins Tags: Review Source Type: research

Feasibility of a streamlined imaging protocol in technetium-99m-Tektrotyd somatostatin receptor SPECT/CT
To assess the feasibility and efficacy of a streamlined single time-point 99mTc-HYNIC-Tyr3-octreotide (Tektrotyd) somatostatin receptor scintigraphy (SRS) protocol to differentiate pathological uptake by neuroendocrine tumours (NETs) from physiological activity. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - February 3, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: H. Al-Chalabi, A. Cook, C. Ellis, C.N. Patel, A.F. Scarsbrook Source Type: research

CT quantitative parameters to predict the invasiveness of lung pure ground-glass nodules (pGGNs)
To investigate the value of computed tomography (CT) quantitative parameters in predicting the invasiveness of lung pure ground-glass nodules (pGGNs). (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - February 3, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: L. Han, P. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Gao, H. Wang, X. Li, Z. Ye Source Type: research

Commentary on: Non-interpretive radiology: an Irish perspective
It is worthy to value the component tasks that are required of radiologists to produce good-quality care, including many of those that can be categorised as “non-interpretative”.1 Request vetting is a prerequisite to ensuring appropriate imaging examinations are performed and should be included in direct clinical care in job contracts. Similarly, colleagues attending, but not presenting at, multidisciplinary meetings obtain a “practical from educa tional” advantage within this supportive activity. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - February 2, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: T. Fitzgerald Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Contents
(Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - February 1, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

RCR meetings
(Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - February 1, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Selective duodenography for controlled first-pass bolus distention of the duodenum in neonates and young children with bile-stained vomiting
To compare “selective duodenograms” performed through nasogastric tubes advanced into the proximal duodenum against traditional contrast studies regarding visualisation of a first-pass bolus distention of the duodenum and frequency of inconclusive results. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - February 1, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: S. Andronikou, S. Arthur, E. Simpson, M. Chopra Source Type: research

A comprehensive toolkit for imaging children who may have been abused: new guidance from the Royal College of Radiologists and the Society and College of Radiographers
The diagnosis of child abuse is challenging and impactful. Unfortunately, child abuse remains all too common. It is a scourge of society. The radiographic and neuroimaging findings of child abuse are well described; however, the imaging diagnosis of child abuse is increasingly contentious due to an unfortunate and swelling small community of physicians who deny its very existence. We need be even more meticulous and more certain in the face of these challenges. Child abuse is common and child abuse is real —there is no doubt. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - January 22, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: P.J. Strouse Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Quantifying bone structure, micro-architecture, and pathophysiology with MRI
The radiology of bone has been transformed by magnetic resonance imaging, which has the ability to interrogate bone's complex architecture and physiology. New techniques provide information about both the macrostructure and microstructure of bone ranging from micrometre detail to the whole skeleton. Furthermore functional information about bone physiology can be used to detect disease early before structural changes occur. The future of bone imaging is in quantifying the anatomical and functional information to diagnose and monitor disease more precisely. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - January 18, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: S. Singh, T.J.P. Bray, M.A. Hall-Craggs Tags: Review Source Type: research

Systematic review of uterine artery embolisation practice guidelines: are all the guidelines on the same page?
To evaluate the degree of concordance amongst the currently available guidelines informing the use of uterine artery embolisation (UAE), and identify any inconsistencies present. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - January 15, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: H.T. Chen, S. Athreya Source Type: research

Axillary tumour burden in women with one abnormal node on ultrasound compared to women with multiple abnormal nodes
To determine if the number of abnormal nodes seen on preoperative axillary ultrasound (AUS) is a predictor of the number of positive nodes at histology for women with needle-biopsy-proven positive nodes. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - January 15, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: S. Puri, N. Sharma, R.G. Newcombe, M. Kaushik, M. Al-Attar, S. Pascaline, M. Hajaj, M.G. Wallis, B. Elsberger, A. Goyal Source Type: research

Advances in non-contrast quiescent-interval slice-selective (QISS) magnetic resonance angiography
There is a pressing clinical need to develop accurate, efficient non-contrast magnetic resonance angiography (NC-MRA) techniques. Our efforts in the field have focused on a novel non-subtractive technique called quiescent-interval slice-selective (QISS) MRA. Compared with other NC-MRA techniques, QISS has the advantage of being more accurate while enabling a simpler and more efficient workflow. The original implementation, which uses electrocardiogram (ECG) gating and a Cartesian k-space trajectory, is a reliable technique for the evaluation of peripheral arterial disease (PAD). (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - January 11, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: R.R. Edelman, M. Carr, I. Koktzoglou Source Type: research

Multimodality imaging evaluation before transcatheter aortic valve implantation: incidence of contrast medium-induced acute kidney injury, risk factors and prognosis
To evaluate the incidence, risk factors, and prognostic implications of contrast medium-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) evaluation. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - January 10, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: C. Schneider, A. Brumberg, F.C. Roller, J. Rixe, P. Roth, G.A. Krombach Source Type: research

Mechanical thrombectomy in acute ischaemic stroke: a review of the different techniques
Endovascular mechanical thrombectomy (MT) is reserved for acute ischaemic stroke secondary to large vessel occlusion. The various MT techniques employed in the treatment of hyperacute strokes are constantly evolving with new devices and improvisation of existing technology (Wahlgren, et  al 2016). In this review, we describe a variety of MT techniques gained from our experience of performing over 350 procedures in 7 years of providing a 24/7 service within the national framework of a hyperacute stroke centre. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - January 9, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: V. Leung, A. Sastry, S. Srivastava, D. Wilcock, A. Parrott, S. Nayak Tags: Pictorial Review Source Type: research

Association between leukoaraiosis and cerebral blood flow territory alteration in asymptomatic internal carotid artery stenosis
To test the hypothesis that leukoaraiosis (also known as white matter lesion) is associated with cerebral blood flow territory change as revealed by territorial arterial spin-labeling (TASL) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with asymptomatic internal carotid artery stenosis (aICAS). (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - January 9, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Y.-F. Chen, Y.-S. Kuo, W.-C. Wu, S.-C. Tang, S.-F. Jiang Source Type: research

Diagnostic value of early postoperative MRI and diffusion-weighted imaging following trans-sphenoidal resection of non-functioning pituitary macroadenomas
To establish the value of early contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in differentiating residual pituitary adenoma from postoperative surgical changes. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - January 9, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: H.A. Hassan, M.A. Bessar, I.R. Herzallah, A.M. Laury, M.M. Arnaout, M.A.A. Basha Source Type: research

The morphological changes of bronchovascular bundles within subsolid nodules on HRCT correlate with the new IASLC classification of adenocarcinoma
To observe the morphological changes of bronchovascular bundles within subsolid nodules on high-resolution (HR) computed tomography (CT) and analyse the correlation with the new adenocarcinoma classification. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - January 9, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: L. Liu, N. Wu, W. Tang, F. Xu, L.-n. Zhou, P.-q. Ma, L. Li, X. Liang Source Type: research

Changes in quantitative CT image features of ground-glass nodules in differentiating invasive pulmonary adenocarcinoma from benign and in situ lesions: histopathological comparisons
To evaluate progressive changes in quantitative CT features of the non-solid component of ground-glass nodules (GGNs) from baseline to follow-up to differentiate invasive (minimally invasive adenocarcinoma [MIA] and invasive adenocarcinoma [IA]) GGNs from benign or pre-invasive (adenocarcinoma in situ [AIS]) lesions. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - January 9, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Y.P. Zhang, M.A. Heuvelmans, H. Zhang, M. Oudkerk, G.X. Zhang, X.Q. Xie Source Type: research

Radiological features and metastatic patterns of thymic neuroendocrine tumours
To investigate the clinical and image features of thymic neuroendocrine tumours (NETs), and characterise the radiological patterns of recurrence and metastasis on serial imaging studies. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - January 6, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: T. Araki, L.M. Sholl, H. Hatabu, M. Nishino Source Type: research

Imaging skeletal muscle volume, density, and FDG uptake before and after induction therapy for non-small cell lung cancer
To assess whether changes in body composition could be assessed serially using conventional thoracic computed tomography (CT) and positron-emission tomography (PET)/CT imaging in patients receiving induction chemotherapy for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - January 6, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: M.D. Goncalves, S. Taylor, D.F. Halpenny, E. Schwitzer, S. Gandelman, J. Jackson, A. Lukose, A.J. Plodkowski, K.S. Tan, M. Dunphy, L.W. Jones, R.J. Downey Source Type: research

Histogram analysis of greyscale sonograms to differentiate between the subtypes of follicular variant of papillary thyroid cancer
To evaluate the diagnostic value of histogram analysis using ultrasound (US) to differentiate between the subtypes of follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (FVPTC). (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - January 6, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: M.-r. Kwon, J.H. Shin, S.Y. Hahn, Y.L. Oh, J.Y. Kwak, E. Lee, Y. Lim Source Type: research

Differentiation between malignant and benign breast masses: combination of semi-quantitative analysis on DCE-MRI and histogram analysis of ADC maps
To investigate the performance of combined semi-quantitative analysis on dynamic contrast enhanced (DCE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and histogram analysis of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) for distinguishing malignant from benign breast masses. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - December 30, 2017 Category: Radiology Authors: H.-L. Liu, M. Zong, H. Wei, J.-J. Lou, S.-Q. Wang, Q.-G. Zou, H.-B. Shi, Y.-N. Jiang Source Type: research

The correlation of SYNTAX score by coronary angiography with breast arterial calcification by digital mammography
To evaluate the hypothesis that breast arterial calcification (BAC) may predict coronary artery disease (CAD) severity. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - December 29, 2017 Category: Radiology Authors: D. Ru žičić, M. Dobrić, M. Vuković, D. Hrnčić, S. Đorđević, M. Ružičić, S. Aleksandrić, A. Đorđević-Dikić, B. Beleslin Source Type: research

Contents
(Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - December 27, 2017 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

RCR meetings
(Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - December 27, 2017 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Does preoperative axillary staging lead to overtreatment of women with screen-detected breast cancer?
To determine the impact of preoperative axillary ultrasound staging in a screen-detected breast cancer population. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - December 27, 2017 Category: Radiology Authors: M.G. Wallis, F. Kilburn-Toppin, S. Taylor-Phillips Source Type: research

Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome: an important and common cause of thunderclap and recurrent headaches
Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome is an intracranial vascular manifestation of a wide variety of diseases. It is the second most common cause of thunderclap headache, the most common cause of recurrent severe secondary headaches, and, in patients (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - December 21, 2017 Category: Radiology Authors: M.T. Arrigan, M.K.S. Heran, J.R. Shewchuk Tags: Review Source Type: research

The effect of individual radiographers on rates of attendance to breast screening: a 7-year retrospective study
To establish whether individual radiographers had significantly different rescreening rates whilst controlling for other known confounding factors. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - December 19, 2017 Category: Radiology Authors: S.L. Savaridas, J. Brook, J.P. Codde, M. Bulsara, E. Wylie Source Type: research

HRCT morphological characteristics distinguishing minimally invasive pulmonary adenocarcinoma from invasive pulmonary adenocarcinoma appearing as subsolid nodules with a diameter of ≤3 cm
To differentiate retrospectively the morphological characteristics at high-resolution computed tomography (CT) between minimally invasive pulmonary adenocarcinoma (MIA) and invasive pulmonary adenocarcinoma (IAC) appearing as subsolid nodules (SNs) with a diameter of ≤3 cm and to provide information to help operative decision-making. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - December 19, 2017 Category: Radiology Authors: X. Yue, S. Liu, S. Liu, G. Yang, Z. Li, B. Wang, Q. Zhou Source Type: research

Breast density: why all the fuss?
The term “breast density” or mammographic density (MD) denotes those components of breast parenchyma visualised at mammography that are denser than adipose tissue. MD is composed of a mixture of epithelial and stromal components, notably collagen, in variable proportions. MD is most commonly assessed in clinical practice with the time-honoured method of visual estimation of area-based percent density (PMD) on a mammogram, with categorisation into quartiles. The computerised semi-automated thresholding method, Cumulus, also yielding area-based percent density, is widely used for research purposes; h owever, the ...
Source: Clinical Radiology - December 19, 2017 Category: Radiology Authors: S.J. Vinnicombe Tags: Review Source Type: research

Utility of apparent diffusion coefficient as an imaging biomarker for assessing the proliferative potential of invasive ductal breast cancer
To determine the clinical utility of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) metrics for the non-invasive assessment of tumour proliferation indicated by Ki-67 labelling index (LI) in invasive ductal breast cancer. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - December 19, 2017 Category: Radiology Authors: Z. Zhuang, Q. Zhang, D. Zhang, F. Cheng, S. Suo, X. Geng, J. Hua, J. Xu Source Type: research

Do ultrasound guided trochanteric bursa injections of corticosteroid for greater trochanteric pain syndrome provide sustained benefit and are imaging features associated with treatment response?
To assess intra-bursal corticosteroid injections (ICSI) efficacy and duration of action in the management of greater trochanteric pain syndrome (GTPS). The secondary aim was to identify patient and ultrasound (US) features predictive of treatment response. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - December 19, 2017 Category: Radiology Authors: W.S. Bolton, D. Kidanu, B. Dube, A.J. Grainger, E. Rowbotham, P. Robinson Source Type: research

Personalised screening: is this the way forward?
Screening with mammography has been implemented in many countries across the world with most offering 2-yearly examinations between the ages of 50 –69 years. Robust modelling tools that include breast density and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been developed to predict which women are most likely to develop breast cancer. Mammographic sensitivity is poor in women with the densest category of breast tissue, and even women with he terogeneously dense tissue may benefit from additional supplemental imaging. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - December 19, 2017 Category: Radiology Authors: F.J. Gilbert, A. Selamoglu Tags: Review Source Type: research