Re: Radiology-led Lung cancer escalation pathway: a streamlined innovative service
Sir — We read with interest the paper by Cox et al.1 as we have initiated a similar ‘straight to CT (computed tomography)’ pathway in our institution with significant improvement in reducing the time taken to diagnosis. In our ‘straight to CT’ model, once the abnormal chest radiograph has bee n reported and emailed to the general practitioner (GP), the booking clerk will create a new event such that it appears in radiology information system (RIS) electronically where the GP is allocated as the referrer. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - September 17, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: I. Batool, A. Chambers Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Air test as a simple method of screening for Hirschsprung's disease
To present the technique and the diagnostic accuracy of the air test to diagnose Hirschsprung's disease (HD). (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - September 17, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: W. Sumida, H. Uchida, Y. Ono, Y. Tanaka, T. Tainaka, C. Shirota, K. Yokota, K. Oshima, K. Chiba Source Type: research

Dual-layer detector CT of chest, abdomen, and pelvis with a one-third iodine dose: image quality, radiation dose, and optimal monoenergetic settings
To compare the image quality and radiation dose of reduced iodine dose dual-layer detector (DL) computed tomography (CT) with those of a conventional 120 kVp protocol for chest –abdomen–pelvis CT (CAP-CT). (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - September 17, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Y. Nagayama, T. Nakaura, S. Oda, N. Taguchi, D. Utsunomiya, Y. Funama, M. Kidoh, T. Namimoto, D. Sakabe, M. Hatemura, Y. Yamashita Source Type: research

MRI assessment of the bone adjacent to giant cell tumours and its association with local recurrence after intralesional curettage
To assess the tumour border surrounding giant cell tumour of the bone (GCTB) using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and investigate its association with local recurrence. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - September 15, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Y. He, J. Wang, L. Du, F. Yuan, X. Ding, H. Wang Source Type: research

Chemoembolisation with polyvinyl alcohol for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma with portal vein tumour thrombosis and arterioportal shunts: efficacy and prognostic factors
To evaluate the efficacy and to identify prognostic factors of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) chemoembolisation for treating advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with portal vein (PV) tumour thrombosis (PVTT) and arterioportal shunts. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - September 15, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: L. Xiao, Q. Liu, W. Zhao, H. Pang, Q. Zeng, Y. Chen, J. Zhao, Q. Mei, X. He Source Type: research

Value of anterosuperior rotator cuff and labral tears at MRI for predicting long head of biceps tearing at arthroscopy
To determine whether magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) signs of subscapularis (SBT), supraspinatus (SST), or superior labral tearing predict long head of biceps (LHB) tendon tearing at arthroscopy. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - September 15, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: C.G. Borrero, M. Bertolet, J. Costello, D. Vyas Source Type: research

Evaluation of posterior nutcracker phenomenon using multisection spiral CT
To prospectively evaluate the epidemiological, anatomical classification, clinical importance, and radiological features of posterior nutcracker phenomenon (PNP) in patients examined with multisection spiral computed tomography (MSCT). (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - September 14, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Y. Shi, H. Yang, Z. Feng, F. Chen, H. Zhang, Z. Wu Source Type: research

Trainee radiologist reports as a source of confirmation bias in radiology
To assess and quantify the relationship between trainee reporting and radiology errors. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - September 13, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: A. Nanapragasam, P. Bhatnagar, D. Birchall Source Type: research

Assessment of automated cone-beam CT vessel identification software during transarterial hepatic embolisation: radiation dose, contrast medium volume, processing time, and operator perspectives compared to digital subtraction angiography
To evaluate arterial cone-beam computed tomography (A-CBCT) automated analysis software for identification of vessels supplying tumours during transarterial hepatic embolisation (TAE). (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - September 13, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: J.C. Durack, K.T. Brown, G. Avignon, L.A. Brody, C.T. Sofocleous, J.P. Erinjeri, S.B. Solomon Source Type: research

“Flow-void” sign in osseous metastatic renal cell carcinoma
To evaluate the frequency of the “flow-void” sign in a large series of pathologically proven renal cell carcinoma (RCC) bone metastases referred to a specialist unit and to evaluate its correlation with both lesion size and imaging sequence. A further aim was to describe a proposed grading system for the description of the “f low-void” sign. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - September 13, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: J. Murphy, A. Patel, S.L. James, R. Botchu, A.M. Davies Source Type: research

Contents
(Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - September 11, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

RCR meetings
(Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - September 11, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Hallux valgus and metatarsus adductus measurements: inter-reader reliability and correlations on radiographs and MRI
To assess inter-reader reliability of metatarsus adductus (MA) using the traditional method and Engel's angle (EA) on radiography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and assess correlations with hallux valgus (HV). (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - September 11, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: R. Dessouky, N. Heineman, L. Zhang, J. Hummel, J. Skweres, D. Wukich, A. Chhabra Source Type: research

Predicting early recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma with texture analysis of preoperative MRI: a radiomics study
To investigate the feasibility of using texture analysis in preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to predict early recurrence (ER) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) post-curative surgery. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - September 10, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: T.C.H. Hui, T.K. Chuah, H.M. Low, C.H. Tan Source Type: research

Multiparametric imaging-based differentiation of lymphoma and glioblastoma: using T1-perfusion, diffusion, and susceptibility-weighted MRI
To compare the diagnostic performance of T1 perfusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), and susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) for differentiating primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) and glioblastoma (GBM). (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - September 6, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: J. Saini, P. Kumar Gupta, A. Awasthi, C.M. Pandey, A. Singh, R. Patir, S. Ahlawat, N. Sadashiva, A. Mahadevan, R. Kumar Gupta Source Type: research

Ultra-low radiation dose CT angiography of the lower extremity using the iterative model reconstruction (IMR) algorithm
To investigate the image quality of lower-extremity computed tomography (CT) angiography (CTA) with ultra-low radiation dose using the iterative model reconstruction (IMR) algorithm. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - September 5, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: W.-L. Qian, D.-J. Zhou, Y. Jiang, C. Feng, Q. Chen, H. Wang, J.-B. Zhang, J.-M. XU Source Type: research

Free-breathing coronary CT angiography using 16-cm wide-detector for challenging patients: comparison with invasive coronary angiography
To investigate the superiority of free-breathing coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) with 16-cm wide-detector CT for challenging patients who cannot hold their breath. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - September 5, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: T. Shuai, L. Deng, Y. Pan, W. Li, K. Liao, J. Li, L. Peng, Z. Li Source Type: research

T2 mapping in dermatomyositis/polymyositis and correlation with clinical parameters
To explore the T2-mapping signal characteristics of the thigh muscles in patients with dermatomyositis/polymyositis (DM/PM) and to investigate the correlation between thigh muscle T2 values, clinical parameters, and serum creatinine kinase (CK). (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - August 30, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: J. Ran, S. Ji, J.N. Morelli, G. Wu, X. Li Source Type: research

An assessment of Ultrasound screening for soft tissue lumps referred from primary care
To assess the efficacy of ultrasound as a screening tool in the assessment of soft-tissue masses referred from primary care and to investigate the incidence of malignancy in this population. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - August 27, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: M. Charnock, N. Kotnis, M. Fernando, V. Wilkinson Source Type: research

Management of rectal bleeding due to internal haemorrhoids with arterial embolisation: a single-centre experience and protocol
To evaluate the safety and efficacy of arterial embolisation for rectal bleeding due to internal haemorrhoids. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - August 24, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: X. Sun, J. Xu, J. Zhang, Y. Jin, Q. Chen Source Type: research

Differing MRI appearances of symptomatic proximal hamstring tendinopathy with ageing: a comparison of appearances in patients below and above 45 years
To compare magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) appearances of symptomatic proximal hamstring tendinopathy (PHT) in younger (45 years) patients. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - August 23, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: D.J. Bowden, C.A. Byrne, A. Alkhayat, E.C. Kavanagh, S.J. Eustace Source Type: research

Assessment of paediatric Hashimoto's thyroiditis using superb microvascular imaging
To evaluate the role of superb microvascular imaging along with greyscale and Doppler imaging for thyroid gland evaluation in Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) versus control subjects. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - August 20, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Z. Bayramoglu, S.G. Kandemirli, E. Caliskan, R. Yilmaz, A.D. Kardelen, S. Poyrazoglu, F. Bas, I. Adaletli, F. Darendeliler Source Type: research

Diffusion-weighted MRI in paediatric neuroimaging
Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) is a well-established technique in neuroimaging, but the diagnostic value of DWI outside the setting of acute infarct and abscess is sometimes under-recognised particularly in paediatric neuroimaging. DWI also plays an important role in the evaluation of intracranial infection, brain tumours, demyelinating diseases, and metabolic disorders. DWI can assist in the early detection and characterisation of intraocular and skull-base pathology. The cases presented in this article demonstrate the utility of DWI in paediatric neuroimaging. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - August 16, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: O. Carney, A. Falzon, A.D. MacKinnon Tags: Pictorial Review Source Type: research

Clinical manifestations and imaging findings of thrombosis of developmental venous anomalies
To determine clinical manifestations, imaging findings and outcome of patients with thrombosed developmental venous anomalies (DVAs). (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - August 13, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: R. Assadsangabi, S. Mohan, S.A. Nabavizadeh Source Type: research

CT spectral parameters and serum tumour markers to differentiate histological types of cancer histology
To evaluate lung cancer histology type using computed tomography (CT) spectral quantitative parameters combining with serum tumour markers. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - August 13, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Y. Jia, X. Xiao, Q. Sun, H. Jiang Source Type: research

High-concentration iodinated contrast media for T1-weighted direct magnetic resonance arthrography
To quantify in  vitro the T1-weighted (T1W) expression of iodinated contrast media (CM), and to compare the in vivo performances of iodinated CM and gadolinium-based CM for T1W direct magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) arthrography. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - August 9, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Y.-F. Huang, T.-J. Hsieh, Y.-J. Chen, H.-S. Chen, Y.-T. Kuo, Y.-H. Yang Source Type: research

Non-invasive instantaneous wave-free ratio using coronary CT angiography: diagnostic performance for evaluation of ischaemia-causing coronary stenosis confirmed by invasive fractional flow reserve
To determine the diagnostic performance of instantaneous wave-free ratio (iFR) derived from non-invasive coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA; iFRCT) for ischaemia-causing coronary stenosis, and to compare the diagnostic efficacy of iFRCT, CTA, and CTA plus iFRCT. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - August 6, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Y. Ma, Y. Hou, A. Qiao, Q. Jing, H. Liu, Q. Yang, Q. Guo, B. Yang Source Type: research

Prognostic value of late gadolinium enhancement on CMR in patients with severe aortic valve disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis
To evaluate the predictive value of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) on cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) in patients with severe aortic valve disease. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - August 6, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: H. Chen, J. Zeng, D. Liu, Q. Yang Source Type: research

Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations: a radiological and clinical investigation of 136 patients with long-term follow-up
To assess the clinical outcome of patients with and without hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) after embolisation of pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVM) from a single national centre. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - August 6, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: P.E. Andersen, P.M. T ørring, S. Duvnjak, O. Gerke, H. Nissen, A.D. Kjeldsen Source Type: research

Intravoxel incoherent motion MRI for differentiating sinonasal small round cell malignant tumours (SRCMTs) from Non-SRCMTs: comparison and correlation with  dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI
To investigate the value of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) in the differentiation of sinonasal small round cell malignant tumours (SRCMTs) from non-SRCMTs and to compare and correlate these results with those of dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - August 6, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Y. Zhong, Z. Xiao, Z. Tang, J. Qiang, R. Wang Source Type: research

Contents
(Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - August 3, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

RCR meetings
(Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - August 3, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Prognostic value of CT attenuation and FDG uptake of adipose tissue in patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma
To investigate the prognostic significance of computed tomography (CT) attenuation and 2-[18F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose (FDG) uptake in subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) for predicting overall survival (OS) in patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - August 1, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: J.W. Lee, S.M. Lee, Y.A. Chung Source Type: research

The development of pulmonary aspergillosis and its histologic, clinical, and radiologic manifestations
Pulmonary syndromes following exposure to Aspergillus sp. have a variety of clinical and radiological manifestations. The radiological manifestations mirror the pathophysiological response to Aspergillus sp., which is linked closely to the patient's immune status. The plethora of terms in the literature can be confusing and their application with relevance to radiological imaging may subsequently result in inadequate or non-specific classification. In this review, we aim to provide a simplified and up-to-date approach to the recognition of the imaging manifestations of pulmonary aspergillosis, using correlation with histop...
Source: Clinical Radiology - August 1, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: S. Davda, X.-Y. Kowa, Z. Aziz, S. Ellis, E. Cheasty, S. Cappocci, A. Balan Tags: Pictorial Review Source Type: research

Matrix changes in articular cartilage in the knee of patients with rheumatoid arthritis after biological therapy: 1-year follow-up evaluation by T2 and T1 ρ MRI quantification
To estimate the morphological changes in the articular cartilage of the knees of patients with rheumatoid arthritis treated with biological disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (bDMARDs). (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - July 30, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: J. Hirose, H. Nishioka, M. Tsukano, S. Matsubara, K. Usuku, H. Mizuta Source Type: research

Pleural tumours and tumour-like lesions
There are various neoplasms and tumour-like conditions of the pleura. Mesothelioma is perhaps the most widely recognised; however, there are many others that are more common and should be considered. Understanding the similarities and differences can be helpful in managing the patient with a newly found pleural lesion. We will discuss clinical symptoms at presentation and describe the imaging findings associated with these tumours, starting with conventional radiology, and correlating with computed tomography and combined positron-emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT). (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - July 28, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: F. Aluja Jaramillo, F. Gutierrez, S. Bhalla Tags: Pictorial Review Source Type: research

Contrast-enhanced and unenhanced diffusion-weighted imaging of the breast at 3 T
To evaluate the effect of intravenous gadolinium contrast agent on diffusion-weighted sequences and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) measurements at 3 T. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - July 27, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: M. Fanariotis, I. Tsougos, M. Vlychou, I. Fezoulidis, K. Vassiou Source Type: research

Gynaecology virtual special issue
This virtual special issue brings together papers discussing the emerging roles of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the gynaecological tract, covering developmental, benign, and malignant indications. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - July 26, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: M.J. Weston Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Delayed enhancement of the peritumoural cortex in clear cell renal cell carcinoma: correlation with Fuhrman grade
To assess the delayed enhancement of the peritumoural cortex (DEC) sign in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), and investigate a possible correlation among DEC and Fuhrman grade. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - July 25, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: X. Zhang, Y. Wang, L. Yang, T. Li, J. Wu, R. Chang, J. Zhang Source Type: research

Efficacy of 3D VIBE Dixon fat quantification for differentiating clear-cell from non-clear-cell renal cell carcinoma
To assess the efficacy of three-dimensional (3D) volumetric interpolated breath-hold examination (VIBE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with Dixon quantification for differentiating clear-cell from non-clear-cell types of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - July 25, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: S.-r. Li, M.H. Pui, Y. Guo, H.-j Wang, J. Guan, X.-l. Zhang, W.-b. Pan Source Type: research

ECG-gated CT angiography of the thoracic aorta: the importance of evaluating the coronary arteries
To evaluate the feasibility of coronary artery disease (CAD) evaluation using electrocardiogram-gated computed tomography CT of the thoracic aorta. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - July 21, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: A. Pierro, S. Cilla, A. Totaro, V. Ienco, C. Sacra, C.M. De Filippo, G. Sallustio Source Type: research

Whole-body magnetic resonance angiography
Vascular disease, whether it be atherosclerosis, inflammatory, or hereditary vasculitide, is a systemic disorder with disease in one territory predictive of disease in another. Despite this, current approaches focus on single-territory assessment ignoring the global burden of disease. Advances in MRI have enabled us to surmount previous limitations and expand our approach to such conditions with the ability to simultaneously assess the entirety of the arterial tree in a single examination, allowing a staging examination as it were, of the vascular health in its totality. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - July 18, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: J.R. Weir-McCall, M. Bonnici-Mallia, P.G. Ramkumar, A.F. Nath, J.G. Houston Tags: Review Source Type: research

Abdominal fat distribution in diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis and ankylosing spondylitis patients compared to controls
To evaluate abdominal fat distribution (subcutaneous adipose tissue [SAT] and visceral adipose tissue [VAT]) in two enthesopathy-related diseases with known correlation to metabolic syndrome (MS): diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) and ankylosing spondylitis (AS) compared with controls. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - July 18, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: C. Dan Lantsman, A. Herman, J.J. Verlaan, M. Stern, R. Mader, I. Eshed Source Type: research

Long-term follow-up of hepatic adenoma and adenomatosis: analysis of size change on imaging with histopathological correlation
To analyse the change in size on follow-up of hepatic adenomas (HAs) and adenomatosis, and to investigate the relationship of imaging features with size change. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - July 18, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: N. Shao, A. Pandey, M.A. Ghasabeh, P. Khoshpouri, P. Pandey, F.N. Varzaneh, M. Zarghampour, D. Fouladi, T.M. Pawlik, R.A. Anders, I.R. Kamel Source Type: research

Could perfusion heterogeneity at dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI be used to predict rectal cancer sensitivity to chemoradiotherapy?
To evaluate whether perfusion heterogeneity of rectal cancer prior to chemoradiotherapy (CRT) using histogram analysis of dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) quantitative parameters can predict response to treatment. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - July 17, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: A. Palmisano, A. Esposito, P.M.V. Rancoita, A. Di Chiara, P. Passoni, N. Slim, M. Campolongo, L. Albarello, C. Fiorino, R. Rosati, A. Del Maschio, F. De Cobelli Source Type: research

Evaluation of the fat plane of the pancreatic groove using multidetector CT
To assess the pancreatic groove fat plane in the normal population and compare this with the fat plane in patients with groove pancreatitis or carcinoma using multidetector computed tomography (CT). (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - July 17, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: C. Silman, S. Matsumoto, H. Mori, Y. Yamada, A. Otsuka, N. Hongo, M. Ohta, M. Inomata, H. Takaki, K. Fukuzawa Source Type: research

Risk factors of haemoglobinuria after microwave ablation of liver tumours
To explore the risk factors predicting haemoglobinuria after ultrasound-guided percutaneous microwave ablation (MWA) of liver tumours and discuss the treatments and outcomes. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - July 17, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: D. Li, J. Yu, Z. Han, Z. Cheng, F. Liu, J. Dou, P. Liang Source Type: research

Left atrial appendage morphology and relative contrast agent concentration in patients undergoing coronary artery CTA
To evaluate whether certain morphological features of the left atrial appendage (LAA) would influence the LAA/ascending aorta (AA) radiodensity ratio, as a reflection of the blood flow conditions in the LAA. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - July 17, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: M. Korhonen, P. Mustonen, M. Hedman, J. Vienonen, J. Onatsu, R. Vanninen, M. Taina Source Type: research

How confident are general practitioners in interpreting neuroradiology reports?
To determine the level of confidence general practitioners (GPs) have in radiology reports provided by neuroradiologists and to elicit the preferences of GPs regarding report format and level of detail. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - July 16, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: S. Currie, D. Saunders, S. Khoshneviszadeh, I. Craven Source Type: research

Validity and reliability of different techniques of  neck–shaft angle measurement
To determine a valid and reliable neck –shaft angle (NSA) measurement method while rotating the pelvises in increments of 5° in order to simulate patient malpositioning. (Source: Clinical Radiology)
Source: Clinical Radiology - July 9, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: A.J. Bizdikian, A. Assi, Z. Bakouny, F. Yared, E. Saghbini, G.E. Bakhos, S. Esber, N. Khalil, J. Otayek, J. Ghanimeh, C. Sauret, W. Skalli, I. Ghanem Source Type: research