Spinal Tumor Ablation: Indications, Techniques, and Clinical Management
Percutaneous thermal ablation has proven to be safe and effective in the management of patients with spinal tumors. Such treatment is currently proposed following the decision of a multidisciplinary tumor board to patients with small painful benign tumors such as osteoid osteoma or osteoblastoma, as well as carefully selected patients presenting with spinal metastases. In both scenarios, in order to provide a clinically effective procedure, ablation is often tailored to the specific patients ’ clinical needs and features of the target tumor. (Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology)
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - June 8, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Roberto Luigi Cazzato, Pierre Auloge, Pierre De Marini, Emanuele Boatta, Guillaume Koch, Danoob Dalili, Pramod Prabhakar Rao, Julien Garnon, Afshin Gangi Source Type: research

Introduction
Interventional Oncology has evolved and grown into a distinct subspecialty of Interventional Radiology and ablation technologies are a critical component of this growth. From the early beginnings of alcohol ablation to latest addition of irreversible electroporation, ablation has changed cancer management in ways that could not have been imagined just a few decades ago. (Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology)
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - June 6, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Govindarajan Narayanan Source Type: research

Image-Guided Thermal Ablation for Colorectal Liver Metastases
Image-guided percutaneous thermal ablation is a widely acceptable local therapy for patients with colorectal liver metastases who are noneligible for surgery or present with recurrence after hepatectomy. The increasing knowledge of factors that affect oncologic outcomes has allowed selected patients with resectable small volume colorectal liver metastases to be treated by thermal ablation with curative intent. The continuous technological evolutions in imaging and image-guidance and the wide implementation of microwave ablation that overcomes most of the limitations of radiofrequency ablation have contributed to this parad...
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - June 6, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: N. Vasiniotis Kamarinos, E.A. Kaye, C.T. Sofocleous Source Type: research

Trends in Musculoskeletal Ablation: Emerging Indications and Techniques
Image-guided percutaneous thermal ablation plays an increasingly important role in the multidisciplinary management of musculoskeletal lesions. Established indications for ablation in this setting include the treatment of osteoid osteomas, palliation of painful skeletal metastases, local control of oligometastatic disease, and consolidation of bone tumors at risk for fracture. Emerging indications include the treatment of symptomatic soft tissue masses such as extra-abdominal desmoid tumors and abdominal wall endometriosis. (Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology)
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - June 6, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Ahmad Parvinian, Brian T. Welch, Matthew R. Callstrom, Anil N. Kurup Source Type: research

Lung Ablation – How I Do It
Interventional oncology and the value of thermal ablation of small tumors is increasingly recognized by the oncological community. Primary lung cancers and lung metastases have been one of the most researched applications of percutaneous ablation and as interventional oncologists gain more experience and confidence, it is becoming a more effective treatment with expanding indications. Importantly, the current literature does not demonstrate major differences in survival between ablation, sublobar resection, and stereotactic body radiation. (Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology)
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - June 5, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Arash Najafi, Thierry De Baere, Khaled Madani, Marc Al-Ahmar, Charles Roux, Alexandre Delpla, Frederic Deschamps, Lambros Tselikas Source Type: research

Ablation of Small Renal Masses
Renal cell carcinoma is most commonly diagnosed in the sixth or seventh decade of life. Historically, surgical extirpation was the gold standard treatment option for small renal masses. However, given the comorbidities in this elderly population, not all patients are candidates for surgery. The development of minimally invasive ablative therapies has solved the surgical dilemma in this patient population. Furthermore, the 2017 American Urological Association guidelines recommends consideration of percutaneous image guided thermal ablation as a treatment option for masses smaller than 3 cm even in healthy individuals. (Sour...
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - June 5, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Mohamed E. Abdelsalam, Kamran Ahrar Source Type: research

Irreversible Electroporation for Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer
Several minimally invasive image guided tumor ablation techniques have been added to the treatment spectrum for locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC). Irreversible electroporation (IRE) might have a significant additive value in the management of this difficult-to-treat disease.As opposed to thermal ablative techniques, IRE induces cell death by the delivery of high-voltage electrical pulses. The electrical energy disrupts the cellular membrane integrity, causes loss of cellular homeostasis and ultimately results in cell death. (Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology)
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - June 5, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Florentine E.F. Timmer, Bart Geboers, Alette H. Ruarus, Evelien A.C. Schouten, Sanne Nieuwenhuizen, Robbert S. Puijk, Jan J.J. de Vries, Martijn R. Meijerink, Hester J. Scheffer Source Type: research

“How We Do It” – A Practical Approach to Percutaneous Adrenal Ablation Techniques
This article serves as a brief but comprehensive review of preprocedural work-up and planning before an adrenal mass ablation, as well as a discussion on ablation techniques, associated challenges and solutions, and management of expected and unexpected outcomes. (Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology)
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - June 5, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Barbara Manchec, Yilun Koethe, Brian Schiro, Constantino Pe ña, Ripal Gandhi Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology)
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - June 1, 2020 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Bariatric Embolization: A Narrative Review of Clinical Data From Human Trials
Bariatric arterial embolization (BAE) is a novel technique that is investigated as an alternative, often supplementary, method for weight management. BAE reduces blood perfusion to the gastric fundus, and thus, reduces the production of appetite-inducing hormones. No randomized controlled trial has evaluated the efficacy of BAE to date. Available evidence from published studies include retrospective evaluations of patients undergoing left gastric artery embolization for gastrointestinal bleeding, and early prospective, single-arm clinical trials. (Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology)
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - January 28, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Nima Hafezi-Nejad, Christopher R. Bailey, Clifford R. Weiss Source Type: research

An Introduction to Current State of Obesity Interventions: A Guide for the Interventional Radiologist
No other specialty sits so firmly at the intersection of Translational Research and Clinical Application than does Interventional Radiology. This privileged location, coupled with a drive to innovate, re-invent ourselves, and bring cutting edge care to new patient populations, has led to the rapid expansion of Interventional Radiology into nearly every area of Medicine. In doing so we have created minimally invasive solutions to some of the most challenging clinical problems. What other disease process is currently more prevalent and destructive than Obesity, an epidemic that affects both adults and children throughout the...
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - January 27, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Clifford R. Weiss Source Type: research

Aspiration Therapy
Aspiration therapy is a novel, endoscopic bariatric therapy that allows patients to remove a portion of an ingested meal through a modified percutaneous gastrostomy tube, called an A-Tube. Weight loss results from both fewer calories consumed, and from modifications in lifestyle and mealtime behaviors that patients make as a result of having the device installed. The first commercially available device for aspiration therapy, the AspireAssist (Aspire Bariatrics, King of Prussia, PA), was approved by the Food and Drug Administration in 2016 for weight loss for greater than 6 months duration in patients with a body mass inde...
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - January 27, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Eric C. Swei, Shelby A. Sullivan Source Type: research

Rationale and Preclinical Data Supporting Bariatric Arterial Embolization
The prevalence of obesity is increasing globally, leading to significantly increased morbidity, mortality, and health care costs. However, there is a lack of effective treatment options that can treat patients with obesity less invasively than with bariatric surgery. Bariatric arterial embolization (BAE) is an image-guided, minimally invasive, percutaneous procedure that is currently being investigated in preclinical animal models and early clinical trials. If successful, BAE may represent a viable interventional approach for obesity treatment. (Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology)
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - January 24, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Yingli Fu, Dara L. Kraitchman Source Type: research

Current and Future Endoscopic Weight Loss Solutions
Obesity poses a significant health care concern in the United States, with 39.8% of adults being classified as obese. Several different methods have been introduced to combat obesity, from medical therapy to surgical options. Bariatric surgery has been demonstrated to be superior to medical therapy alone for weight loss in obese patients. Despite this information, only about 1% of eligible patients undergo bariatric surgery per year. The reason for this treatment gap is multifactorial, but patient apprehension to undergo surgery is a major driving force. (Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology)
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - January 23, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Leena Khaitan, Brian Shea Source Type: research

Percutaneous CT-Guided Cryovagotomy
There are a number of pathologic conditions in the human body that may be modified by the interruption of neural signaling, both related to pain and otherwise. Many of these treatments currently involve implantable neuromodulation or frank surgical neural ligation, representing opportunities for the implementation of percutaneous device-mediated cryoneurolysis in interventional radiology. Computed tomography-guided cryovagotomy for the management of mild to moderate obesity represents one such opportunity currently under investigation. (Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology)
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - January 22, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: J.D. Prologo Source Type: research

Food and Drug Administration's Perspective on Medical Devices Intended for Weight Loss: A Guide for the Interventional Radiologist
Medical devices can help patients lose weight. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Center for Devices and Radiological Health is responsible for assuring the safety and effectiveness of devices used for weight loss. Interventional radiologists may conduct clinical studies of devices for weight loss, such as embolization beads to stop blood flow to gastric arteries or cryoablation systems to ablate metabolism-linked nerves. The purposes of this paper are (1) to clarify the FDA's role providing regulatory oversight of clinical studies of medical devices; (2) to explain how to engage with the FDA; and (3) to provide inform...
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - January 20, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: A.K. Marrone Source Type: research

Current State of Bariatric Surgery: Procedures, Data, and Patient Management
Bariatric surgery comprises a group of operative procedures designed to improve weight-related medical conditions. In the United States, these include vertical sleeve gastrectomy, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, adjustable gastric banding, and the duodenal switch procedure. Bariatric surgery is the only durable and effective way for most humans to lose a significant amount of weight, and see improvement in obesity-related comorbidities. It can improve quality of life, prevent a number of cancers, and decrease overall mortality. (Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology)
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - January 18, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Ann M. Rogers Source Type: research

Obesity: Scope, Lifestyle Interventions, and Medical Management
Obesity is a public health epidemic in the United States, with implications for patients across many organ systems. Despite improvements in understanding the pathophysiology and increasing number of therapies for obesity, its prevalence continues to rise. The purpose of this review is to provide the interventional radiologist with an understanding of (1) the epidemiology of obesity; (2) the impact of obesity on patients and the healthcare system; (3) the causes of obesity; (4) conservative management of obesity; and (5) pharmacologic management of obesity. (Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology)
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - January 18, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Benjamin J. McCafferty, James O. Hill, Andrew J. Gunn Source Type: research

Current State of Bariatric Surgery - Procedures, Data, and Patient Management
Bariatric surgery comprises a group of operative procedures designed to improve weight-related medical conditions. In the United States, these include vertical sleeve gastrectomy, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, adjustable gastric banding, and the duodenal switch procedure. Bariatric surgery is the only durable and effective way for most humans to lose a significant amount of weight, and see improvement in obesity-related comorbidities. It can improve quality of life, prevent a number of cancers, and decrease overall mortality. (Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology)
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - January 18, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Ann M. Rogers Source Type: research

Anatomical and Technical Considerations for Bariatric Embolization
This article will review the anatomical and technical considerations for successful BAE. (Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology)
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - January 18, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Kirema Garcia-Reyes, Aaron Fischman Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology)
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - December 1, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Practical Genetic and Biologic Therapeutic Considerations in Vascular Anomalies
Vascular anomalies are classified as either tumors or malformations based on clinical findings rendered through radiologic evaluation, physical exam, and histologic interpretation. These findings comprise the phenotype of the disorder. Recently, advances in the molecular genetics of vascular anomalies have shed light on the genotype of these disorders. These phenotype/genotype characterizations will provide a more precise classification of vascular anomalies and identify potential therapeutic targets for expanded treatment options in the future. (Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology)
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - November 22, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Denise M. Adams Source Type: research

Interventional Management of Arteriovenous Malformations
Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are fast flow malformations characterized by the presence of arteriovenous shunting. These congenital lesions can be evolutive, leading to serious complications such as bleeding, skin ulceration, and cardiac failure. The interventional radiologist plays an important role in the management of these patients. He should be involved in the clinical evaluation to make the proper diagnosis, evaluate the symptoms and potential indication for endovascular treatment. This evaluation should be done in a multidisciplinary clinic with access to plastic surgeons, internal medicine and dermatologist, a...
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - November 15, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Gilles Soulez, Patrick Gilbert, MD, FRCPC, Marie-France Giroux, MD, FRCPC, Jean-Nicolas Racicot, MD, FRCPC, Jos ée Dubois Source Type: research

Klippel-Trenaunay Syndrome
Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome or KTS is a complex vascular syndrome associated with overgrowth occurring as a result of somatic mutations in the PIK3CA gene. Patients are diagnosed on the basis of physical findings, sometimes with supportive imaging, of commonly a segmental anomaly with a cutaneous port-wine stain, lymphatic and venous malformations and overgrowth. The severity of the component vascular malformations and the degree of overgrowth varies from patient to patient which demands care given by a multi-professional team with regular follow-up in a specialist clinic. (Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology)
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - October 22, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Philip R. John Source Type: research

Sclerotherapy with Adjunctive Stasis of Efflux (STASE) in Venous Malformations: Techniques and Strategies
Venous malformations are very commonly encountered in interventional radiologic practice. Indications for therapy are clearly defined based on the lesion's impact on patient's quality of life. Screening laboratory coagulation studies in patients with historical or lesion morphologic risk factors often reveal abnormal coagulation parameters consistent with localized intravascular coagulation or more severe coagulopathic states. These may require chronic or periprocedural medical management to avoid potentially life-threatening disseminated intravascular coagulation or other thromboembolic phenomena. (Source: Techniques in V...
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - October 10, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Gerald M. Legiehn Source Type: research

Common (Cystic) Lymphatic Malformations: Current Knowledge and Management
The approach to treating common (cystic) lymphatic malformations (LMs) has evolved significantly over the last decade due to clinical research and recent developments in molecular biology. Surgery, sclerosing agents, and medical drugs with specific targets for biological therapy have been reported for the management of LMs. We will discuss the importance to standardize the location and imaging characterization of LMs to improve the knowledge about the outcome of the different therapeutic options. (Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology)
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - October 4, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Jos ée Dubois, Frédéric Thomas-Chaussé, Gilles Soulez Source Type: research

Introduction
Vascular anomalies in some form or another are encountered frequently in day-to-day practice by diagnostic and interventional radiologists alike. In fact, depending on definition, they are now known to occur in at least 1-2% of the entire population. Within the younger pediatric population, the diagnosis of a vascular anomaly will usually mandate some series of medical consultations and possible intervention. A larger number of patients, however, will seek medical attention in adolescence or adulthood, either when lesions become symptomatic, or when incidentally detected by some other study. (Source: Techniques in Vascular...
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - September 30, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Manraj (Raju) Kanwal Singh Heran, Gerald M. Legiehn Source Type: research

Surgical Considerations in Vascular Malformations
Vascular malformations are generally congenital benign lesions that have multiple variations in treatment algorithms. Surgery can be used as a single modality or as an adjunct in multimodal therapy to treat these lesions. Here we discuss surgical treatment of the major vascular malformations, including lymphatic, venous, and arteriovenous malformations. We explain some of the basic principles to resection of simple and complex lesions and adjunctive therapies. These adjunct therapies include chemotherapeutic injections, embolization, and laser therapy. (Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology)
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - September 30, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Adam B. Johnson, Gresham T. Richter Source Type: research

Brief Description of ISSVA Classification for Radiologists
This article introduces the 2018 International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies (ISSVA) classification, emphasizing the biologic basis of vascular anomalies, summarizing the key features of commonly encountered entities, and serving as a foundation for subsequent articles presented herein. Vascular tumors are discussed to highlight their distinction from vascular malformations which will receive greater attention with respect to management and technical considerations within the issue. (Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology)
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - September 28, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Eric J. Monroe Source Type: research

Complex Lymphatic Anomalies and Therapeutic Options
Complex lymphatic anomalies include a variety of disorders with overlapping clinical, histological and imaging features. The often-confusing nomenclature used for lymphatic anomalies limits timely diagnosis and treatment. The updated 2018 classification of the International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies divides lymphatic anomalies into several subsets.1 Newer imaging techniques including intranodal and magnetic resonance lymphangiography have improved our understanding of anatomy and function of the lymphatic system. (Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology)
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - September 27, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Gulraiz Chaudry Source Type: research

FM : Editorial board - pick up from last issue
(Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology)
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - September 1, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

FM: Previous topics - updates
(Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology)
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - September 1, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Toc
(Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology)
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - September 1, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Beyond the Bile Duct: Advanced IR Endoscopic Interventions Involving the Gastrointestinal, Genitourinary, and Musculoskeletal Systems
Endoscopy is a technique used by interventional radiology (IR) in only a few centers throughout the United States. When used by IR, endoscopy is most well-known for its role in the treatment of hepatobiliary disease. However, its use with relation to pathology involving the gastrointestinal, genitourinary, and musculoskeletal systems is gaining momentum among IR. The purpose of this article is to demonstrate the potential benefits of IR endoscopy in nonbiliary intervention. A literature review, not requiring IRB approval, was performed via PubMed and Ovid Medline databases using the search terms “interventional radio...
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - June 4, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Travis L. Healey, Arielle VanSyckel, Joshua Scantland, Nabih Diab, Matthew S. Johnson Source Type: research

Endoscopy as an Adjunct to Image-Guided Interventions: A New Frontier in Interventional Radiology
The objectives of this article are to discuss potential uses of interventional radiology-operated endoscopy and to outline basic endoscopy setup and equipment uses. Endoscopy represents a new frontier to the fluoroscopically-guided procedures in biliary, gastrointestinal, and genitourinary disease that interventional radiologists commonly perform. It shows promise to improve interventional radiology procedure success rates and reduce procedure-associated risk for patients. (Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology)
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - June 3, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Clifford J. Raymond, Mamdouh Khayat, Jeffrey Forris Beecham Chick, Ravi N. Srinivasa Source Type: research

Biliary Endoscopy for Benign and Malignant Biliary Strictures
Percutaneous endoscopy operated by interventional radiologists has the potential to become an effective tool to both help diagnose and treat benign and malignant biliary strictures. This is particularly true in cases where endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography fails or is not feasible due to surgically-altered anatomy. Both preoperative clinical and technical procedural factors must be taken into consideration when pursuing percutaneous endoscopy. In this article, clinical evaluation, perioperative management, and procedural techniques for biliary endoscopy for benign and malignant strictures are reviewed. (Source...
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - June 3, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Mina S. Makary, Jeffrey J. Farrell, Mamdouh Khayat, Jeffrey F.B. Chick, Ravi N. Srinivasa Source Type: research

Percutaneous Interventional Radiology-Operated Endoscopy for Foreign Body Removal
Image-guided retrieval of endovascular devices such as inferior vena cava filters, guidewires, and stents is well reported, though there is a paucity of published reports on biliary, genitourinary, or gastrointestinal foreign body retrieval utilizing percutaneous endoscopy, particularly when it is performed solely by interventional radiologists. In cases of failed traditional endoscopic techniques or to evade more invasive surgical options, percutaneous endoscopy can be an adjunctive tool employed by interventional radiologists to extract foreign bodies. (Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology)
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - June 3, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Mamdouh Khayat, Adam Khayat, Jeffrey F.B. Chick, Travis L. Healey, Ravi N. Srinivasa Source Type: research

Collaboration is Key – Bridging the Gap and Building an IR Endoscopy Practice
While the tools and techniques employed by interventional radiologists on a day-to-day basis translate well to learning the skills required to perform basic endoscopic interventions, collaboration with other specialties is crucial to the success of an interventional radiology endoscopy program. As in any field in medicine, the paramount goal is to improve patient care. Adding the ability to directly visualize structures through an endoscope to certain interventional radiologic procedures may greatly augment the efficacy, safety, and success of interventional radiology procedures. (Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology)
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - May 16, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Nathan R. Albertson, Jeffrey Forris Beecham Chick, Albert Jiao, Travis L. Healey, Adam N. Plotnik, Ravi N. Srinivasa Source Type: research

Endoscopy for the Interventional Radiologist: An Introduction
Interventional Radiology is a specialty rooted in innovation. From the development of the Seldinger technique by Dr Sven-Ivar Seldinger in 1953 to the targeted locoregional oncologic interventions performed routinely today, Interventional Radiology provides therapy to patients in near-hopeless clinical scenarios by using revolutionary techniques when mainstay therapies have failed.1-3 Among these techniques is endoscopy as an adjunct to image-guided interventions.4 (Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology)
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - May 15, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Ravi N. Srinivasa, Jeffrey Forris Beecham Chick Source Type: research

Percutaneous Cholecystolithotomy Using Cholecystoscopy
The morbidity and mortality of cholecystectomy can increase to 10% in high surgical risk patients. The technique for percutaneous cholecystolithotomy consists of 3 steps: (1) percutaneous cholecystostomy, (2) tract dilation and cholecystolithotomy, and (3) tract evaluation and catheter removal. Cholecystoscopy is critical in guiding the lithotripsy probe for fragmentation of large stones and is useful for locating small stone fragments not seen in cholangiography. Cholecystoscopy is also useful for assessing ambiguous lesions and in distinguishing between stone vs debris or mass. (Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology)
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - May 15, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Seung K. Kim, Naganathan B. Mani, Michael D. Darcy, Daniel D. Picus Source Type: research

Billing, Coding, and Credentialing for Interventional Radiology-Operated Endoscopy
A sound understanding of billing and coding is essential to start a successful interventional radiology endoscopy practice. While the codes utilized are similar to gastrointestinal and genitourinary endoscopy codes, physicians and institutional coders need to be familiar with the codes used for these types of procedures in the interventional radiology setting. The following manuscript gives a brief overview of aspects relating to credentialing, billing, and coding in interventional radiology endoscopy. (Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology)
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - May 15, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Jesse Mer, Jeffrey Forris Beecham Chick, Travis L. Healey, Evan J. Johnson, Ravi N. Srinivasa Source Type: research

Percutaneous Biliary Endoscopy for Stones
Intraductal biliary stones can result in significant acute and long-term complications. When patients ’ anatomy precludes more traditional management, the interventional radiologist may be called upon to provide well-established techniques for percutaneous biliary drainage and stone removal. This can be particularly challenging when the patient has excessively mobile, impacted, large or multiple s tones. Percutaneous biliary endoscopy with adjunct interventional techniques can successfully treat these patients avoiding the patient dreaded “tube for life” scenario. (Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology)
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - May 11, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Allen Herr, Daniel Collins, Mark White, Kenneth Mandato, Lawrence Keating, Christopher Stark, Hwajeong Lee, Gary Siskin Source Type: research

FM : Editorial board - pick up from last issue
(Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology)
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - May 10, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

FM: Previous topics - updates
(Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology)
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - May 10, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Toc
(Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology)
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - May 10, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Y90 Radioembolization Dosimetry: Concepts for the Interventional Radiologist
Transarterial radioembolization (TARE) with beta particle emitting microspheres via Yttrium-90 decay has become a fundamental component of the contemporary Interventional Oncology practice. TARE continues to advance as a result of increased utilization, clinical study, technological improvements, and evolving applications. To maximize TARE safety and efficacy, a core understanding of dosimetry is essential. The intent of this overview is to provide the reader with a general survey of radiation physics and biology, device differentiation, patient selection, anatomic assessment, activity administration models, and procedural...
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - April 5, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Beau Bosko Toskich, David M. Liu Source Type: research

Radiation Segmentectomy and Radiation Lobectomy: A Practical Review of Techniques
We describe our recommended techniques for radiation segmentectomy with glass or resin radiomicrospheres, including patient selection, dosimetry, microcatheter techniques, and clinical and imaging follow-up, accompanied by a brief review of the radiation segmentectomy literature. (Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology)
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - March 22, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Anuj Malhotra, David M. Liu, Adam D. Talenfeld Source Type: research

Radical Radial: Pearls and Pitfalls in Transradial Yttrium-90 Liver-Directed Therapy
The frequency of transradial access in interventional radiology has been steadily increasing, including for yttrium-90 (Y-90) selective internal radiation therapy to treat hepatic malignancies. The aim of this article is to detail an optimized approach to transradial Y-90 (TRY-90), showing it to be a safe and feasible first-line approach to hepatic selective internal radiation therapy. Salient preprocedural considerations to enable appropriate patient selection for TRY-90 are discussed and a detailed equipment list is provided. (Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology)
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - March 19, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: John Chung, Anastasia Hadjivassiliou, Darren Klass, David Liu Source Type: research

Management of High Hepatopulmonary Shunts in the Setting of Y90 Radioembolization
Treatment paradigms for primary and metastatic malignancies involving the liver have evolved in recent years to include targeted liver therapies. Transarterial radioembolization is at the forefront of therapy in many treatment algorithms. However, due to significant hepatopulmonary shunting, some patients are excluded from this proven treatment due to the possibility of radiation-induced lung injury. In this article, we review techniques to mitigate hepatopulmonary shunts to improve the likelihood of inclusion and successful treatment in these patients. (Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology)
Source: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology - March 16, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Brian J. Schiro, Edgar St. Aumor, Christopher Harnain, Ripal T. Gandhi Source Type: research