Systemic Inflammation and Outcome in 2295 Patients with Stage I –III Colorectal Cancer from Scotland and Norway: First Results from the ScotScan Colorectal Cancer Group
AbstractBackgroundSystemic inflammatory response (SIR) is an adverse prognostic marker in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. The ScotScan Colorectal Cancer Group was established to examine how markers of the SIR differ between populations and may be utilised to guide prognosis.Patients and MethodsPatients undergoing resection of stage I –III CRC from two prospective datasets in Scotland and Norway were included. The relationship between the modified Glasgow Prognostic Score (mGPS; combination of C-reactive protein and albumin) and overall survival (OS) was examined. The relationship between OS, adjuvant chemotherapy r...
Source: Annals of Surgical Oncology - April 4, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Exploring challenges in quality and safety work in nursing homes and home care – a case study as basis for theory development
Management, culture and systems for better quality and patient safety in hospitals have been widely studied in Norway. Nursing homes and home care, however have received much less attention. An increasing numb... (Source: BMC Health Services Research)
Source: BMC Health Services Research - April 3, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Terese Johannessen, Eline Ree, Ingunn Aase, Roland Bal and Siri Wiig Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Triage of HPV-positive women in Norway using cytology, HPV16/18 genotyping and HPV persistence
British Journal of Cancer, Published online: 03 April 2020; doi:10.1038/s41416-020-0787-9Triage of HPV-positive women in Norway using cytology, HPV16/18 genotyping and HPV persistence (Source: British Journal of Cancer)
Source: British Journal of Cancer - April 3, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Marc Arbyn Remila Rezhake Susan Yuill Karen Canfell Source Type: research

Rhizosphere priming effects differ between Norway spruce (Picea abies) and Scots pine seedlings cultivated under two levels of light intensity
Publication date: Available online 2 April 2020Source: Soil Biology and BiochemistryAuthor(s): Jian Li, Moyan Zhou, Saeed Alaei, Per Bengtson (Source: Soil Biology and Biochemistry)
Source: Soil Biology and Biochemistry - April 2, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: research

PALLiON – PALLiative care Integrated in ONcology: study protocol for a Norwegian national cluster-randomized control trial with a complex intervention of early integration of palliative care
Several publications have addressed the need for a systematic integration of oncological care focused on the tumor and palliative care (PC) focused on the patient with cancer. The exponential increase in antic... (Source: Trials)
Source: Trials - April 2, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Marianne Jensen Hjermstad, Nina Aass, Sigve Andersen, Cinzia Brunelli, Olav Dajani, Herish Garresori, Hanne Hamre, Ellinor C. Haukland, Mats Holmberg, Frode Jordal, Hilde Krogstad, Tonje Lundeby, Erik Torbj ørn Løhre, Svein Mjåland, Arve Nordbø, Ørnu Tags: Study protocol Source Type: research

Maternal use of folic acid and multivitamin supplements and infant risk of birth defects in Norway 1999-2013.
llset SE, Øyen N Abstract The association between folic acid supplementation and birth defects other than neural tube defects remains unclear. We used a log-binomial regression model to investigate if periconceptional folic acid and/or multivitamin use was associated with birth defects in Norway with prospectively collected data from the Medical Birth Registry of Norway (MBRN) during 1999-2013. We used the EUROCAT classification system to define 11 organ-specific major birth defect groups (nervous system, eye, ear-face-neck, cardiovascular system, respiratory system, oral clefts, digestive system, abdominal...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - April 2, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Gildestad T, Bjørge T, Haaland ØA, Klungsøyr K, Vollset SE, Øyen N Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

[ASAP] Spatiotemporal Analysis of Perfluoroalkyl Substances in White-Tailed Eagle ( < italic toggle="yes" > Haliaeetus albicilla < /italic > < italic toggle="yes" > ) < /italic > Nestlings from Northern Norway —A Ten-Year Study
Environmental Science& TechnologyDOI: 10.1021/acs.est.9b06818 (Source: Environmental Science and Technology)
Source: Environmental Science and Technology - April 1, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: managing.editor at est.acs.org (American Chemical Society) Source Type: research

Association of Preeclampsia in Term Births With Neurodevelopmental Disorders in Offspring
This population-based cohort study assesses the association of preeclampsia with adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes in term births in Norway. (Source: JAMA Psychiatry)
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - April 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Perinatal photoperiod and childhood cancer: pooled results from 182,856 individuals in the international childhood cancer cohort consortium (I4C).
In conclusion, in this first study of perinatal photoperiod and childhood cancer, we detected an inverse ["protective"] linear association between third trimester mean daily photoperiod and childhood cancer risk in the 8-16-h set of the total study population. Limited statistical power impeded the investigation of risks with individuals exposed to more extreme photoperiods. Future studies are needed to confirm differential photoperiod-associated risks and further investigations into the hypothesized circadian imprinting mechanism are warranted. PMID: 32233647 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Chro...
Source: Chronobiology International - April 1, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Lewis P, Hellmich M, Fritschi L, Tikellis G, Morfeld P, Groß JV, Foster RG, Paltiel O, Klebanoff MA, Golding J, Olsen S, Magnus P, Ponsonby AL, Linet MS, Ward MH, Caporaso N, Dwyer T, Erren TC Tags: Chronobiol Int Source Type: research

Genetic liability to schizophrenia is associated with exposure to traumatic events in childhood.
CONCLUSIONS: Results from two international birth cohorts indicate that genetic liability for a range of psychiatric traits is associated with experiencing childhood trauma. Genome-wide association study of psychiatric phenotypes may also reflect risk factors for these phenotypes. Our findings also suggest that youth at higher genetic risk might require greater resources/support to ensure they grow-up in a healthy environment. PMID: 32234096 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - April 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sallis HM, Croft J, Havdahl A, Jones HJ, Dunn EC, Davey Smith G, Zammit S, Munafò MR Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research

Although a valuable method in occupational epidemiology, job-exposure ­matrices are no magic fix
In conclusion, a JEM can be a very handy too l for exposure assessment in occupational epidemiology, particularly in large-scale studies with limited occupational information. When selecting the most suitable exposure assessment method, however, researchers should always remain critical. Know when a JEM has added value and recognize its limita tions. References 1. Hoar SK, Morrison AS, Cole P, Silverman DT. An occupation and exposure linkage system for the study of occupational carcinogenesis. J Occup Med. 1980;22(11):722-6. 2. Pannett B, Coggon D, Acheson ED. A job-exposure matrix for use in population based studies in ...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - March 31, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Preferences for follow ‐up in long‐term survivors after cervical cancer
ConclusionsOur study reveals the need for targeted patient ‐education about the benefits and limitations of follow‐up. In order to meet increasing costs of cancer care, individualized follow‐up procedures adjusted to risk of recurrence and late‐effects in cervical cancer survivors are warranted. (Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica)
Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica - March 31, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Ingvild Vistad, Kristina Lindemann, Anne Gry Bentzen, Alv A. Dahl, Rita Steen, Cecilie Kiserud Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Probability and outcomes of second pregnancy after HELLP syndrome in the first: a population ‐based registry study
ConclusionsAmong women with HELLP syndrome in first pregnancy the occurrence of adverse pregnancy outcomes was substantially reduced in the second pregnancy. However, compared with unaffected women, they were still at greater risk of pregnancy complications. (Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica)
Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica - March 31, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Ola Malmstr öm, Siri Eldevik Håberg, Nils‐Halvdan Morken Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Mid-Pregnancy Insomnia and its Association with Perinatal Depressive Symptoms: A Prospective Cohort Study.
Abstract Objective/Background: Insomnia and depression are disorders that affect many perinatal women and that often are interrelated. The present study aimed to examine concurrent and prospective associations between mid-pregnancy insomnia and depression during mid-pregnancy and 8 weeks postpartum. Furthermore, differences in depression and in the sleep-related characteristics insomnia, chronotype, and sleep efficiency were explored between the two time points (mid-pregnancy versus 8 weeks postpartum), and between primiparous and multiparous participants.Participants/Methods: The study was part of the N...
Source: Behavioral Sleep Medicine - March 31, 2020 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Osnes RS, Eberhard-Gran M, Follestad T, Kallestad H, Morken G, Roaldset JO Tags: Behav Sleep Med Source Type: research

The Cochrane Corners by Cochrane rehabilitation.
Abstract Cochrane Rehabilitation (CR) is pursuing the goal of disseminating Cochrane evidence, in line with the Cochrane Knowledge Translation (KT) strategy theme 2: "Packaging, push, and support implementation", through several projects: the CR eBook project, blogshots, and Cochrane Corners. A Cochrane Corner is a KT vehicle in which the contents of the Cochrane Library are summarized and presented by a rehabilitation professional, using the qualitative statements proposed by Cochrane Norway to communicate the magnitude of rehabilitation intervention effects on specific outcomes, based on the certainty ...
Source: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine - March 31, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Oral A, Arienti C, Lazzarini SG, Grubisic F, Kiekens C, Negrini S Tags: Eur J Phys Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Children with gastroenteritis attending emergency primary healthcare units before and after the introduction of the rotavirus vaccine.
Abstract BACKGROUND: The rotavirus is the most frequent cause of severe diarrhoea in small children. The purpose of this study was to map emergency primary health care consultations due to gastroenteritis in small children before and after the introduction of the rotavirus vaccine on 1 October 2014. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The material consists of data from all electronic reimbursement claims from emergency primary health care doctors in the period 2010-18. Quarterly consultation rates at the emergency primary health care units for children aged 0-4 years with gastroenteritis were calculated. The consultation ra...
Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening - March 31, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Sandvik H Tags: Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen Source Type: research

Publishing during a pandemic.
PMID: 32238954 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening)
Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening - March 31, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Brean A Tags: Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen Source Type: research

L ærdommene.
Lærdommene. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2020 Mar 31;140(5): Authors: Brean A PMID: 32238955 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening)
Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening - March 31, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Brean A Tags: Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen Source Type: research

COVID-19: One world, one health.
es CD PMID: 32238956 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening)
Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening - March 31, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Jørgensen HJ, Neves CD Tags: Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen Source Type: research

Ern æringsstatus av vitamin og sporelement.
Ernæringsstatus av vitamin og sporelement. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2020 Mar 31;140(5): Authors: Lillemoen PKS, Bjørke-Monsen AL PMID: 32238958 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening)
Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening - March 31, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Lillemoen PKS, Bjørke-Monsen AL Tags: Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen Source Type: research

Kriterier for tvangsinnleggelse – endringer fra 1848 til i dag.
Kriterier for tvangsinnleggelse – endringer fra 1848 til i dag. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2020 Mar 31;140(5): Authors: Øvregard MDS, Lie AK Abstract BACKGROUND: Coercion and involuntary psychiatric admission have been the subject of heated debate in recent years. A new Act was proposed in the summer of 2019, the Act on limitation of coercion, which aims to collect all legislation on coercion within a single legislative Act. If the Act is adopted, the framework for the use of coercion will be the same for both somatic illness and psychiatry. Against this backdrop, we wished to investigate ho...
Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening - March 31, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Øvregard MDS, Lie AK Tags: Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen Source Type: research

Fibrocartilaginous embolism as a cause of anterior spinal artery syndrome?
Abstract BACKGROUND: Fibrocartilaginous embolism (FCE) is a rare cause of spinal cord infarction. Most spinal cord infarctions are due to aortic pathologies and aortic surgeries. One theory is that material from the intervertebral discs follows a retrograde route to the anterior spinal artery. Fibrocartilaginous embolism and spinal cord infarction have also been described in veterinary literature. Spinal cord MRI diffusion-weighted imaging is of great help in finding the right diagnosis. CASE PRESENTATION: A young man was admitted to hospital after he woke up due to a sudden pain between his shoulders. He dev...
Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening - March 31, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Nakstad I, Randjelovic I, Bergan H, Evensen K Tags: Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen Source Type: research

Why are doctors opting out of general practice?
h; KI Abstract BACKGROUND: There has been a sustained focus on the lack of recruitment to general practice in Norwegian politics, media and research. We have little knowledge of the reasons that have been prominent for doctors who have actively opted out of general practice. We therefore wished to investigate what types of doctors choose not to work in general practice and why. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The data are based on a questionnaire that was sent to the 2 195 members of the Medical Panel in 2016/17. The response rate was 73.1 %. We used graphics and descriptive analyses to study inter-group diffe...
Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening - March 31, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Birkeli CN, Rosta J, Aasland OG, Rø KI Tags: Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen Source Type: research

Children with otitis attending emergency primary health care units following introduction of pneumococcal vaccine.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Otitis is a frequently occurring condition in young children and involves considerable use of antibiotics. The most common bacterial cause is pneumococci. The pneumococcal vaccine was introduced as part of the Childhood Immunisation Programme in Norway in 2006. The purpose of the study was to investigate whether this vaccination may have reduced the number of otitis cases presenting at emergency primary health care units. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The material consists of data from all electronic reimbursement claims from emergency primary health care doctors in the period 2006-18. Annual cons...
Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening - March 31, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Sandvik H Tags: Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen Source Type: research

MS-behandlingen blir stadig bedre.
Bø L PMID: 32238971 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening)
Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening - March 31, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Holmøy T, Bø L Tags: Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen Source Type: research

Kommentar til «Den kvasse samtalen».
Kommentar til «Den kvasse samtalen». Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2020 Mar 31;140(5): Authors: Hjelmesæth J, Hertel JK PMID: 32238970 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening)
Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening - March 31, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Hjelmesæth J, Hertel JK Tags: Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen Source Type: research

Langtids EKG: Riktig bruk er viktig.
PMID: 32238969 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening)
Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening - March 31, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Gjesdal K Tags: Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen Source Type: research

Pre- and post-vaccination.
PMID: 32238968 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening)
Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening - March 31, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Fretheim A Tags: Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen Source Type: research

The dynamics of grief and melancholia.
PMID: 32238967 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening)
Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening - March 31, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Knutsen T Tags: Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen Source Type: research

Should we adjust for background variables in a randomised controlled trial?
PMID: 32238966 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening)
Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening - March 31, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Lydersen S Tags: Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen Source Type: research

Lungekreft: Forbedret prognose gir kapasitetsutfordringer.
hraf H, Wahl SGF PMID: 32238965 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening)
Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening - March 31, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Brustugun OT, Sørhaug S, Grønberg BH, Aanerud M, Al-Zubayidy MMZ, Fjellbirkeland L, Helland Å, Berg J, Andreassen B, Paulsen EE, Haram PM, Ashraf H, Wahl SGF Tags: Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen Source Type: research

The foundation needs reinforcement.
rk EK PMID: 32238964 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening)
Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening - March 31, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Ødemark EK Tags: Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen Source Type: research

Docxit?
;s E PMID: 32238963 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening)
Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening - March 31, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Lilleås E Tags: Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen Source Type: research

Beighton-sk år.
Beighton-skår. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2020 Mar 31;140(5): Authors: Høiseth TCJ, Tsykunova G, Bruserud Ø, Tvedt THA PMID: 32238962 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening)
Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening - March 31, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Høiseth TCJ, Tsykunova G, Bruserud Ø, Tvedt THA Tags: Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen Source Type: research

Stressfraktur i l århalsen.
Stressfraktur i lårhalsen. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2020 Mar 31;140(5): Authors: Ziesler C, Engebretsen L Abstract Femoral neck stress fracture is a rare occurrence but can arise in athletes and people who exercise, due to repeated stress on the lower extremities. Hip and groin pain and clinical findings can raise suspicion, and MRI examination is the gold standard for determining stress fracture. The injury is treated conservatively or surgically, depending on anatomical location and whether or not the fracture is stable. PMID: 32238961 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening)
Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening - March 31, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Ziesler C, Engebretsen L Tags: Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen Source Type: research

Screening med 3D-mammografi – treffer bedre, men koster mer.
Screening med 3D-mammografi – treffer bedre, men koster mer. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2020 Mar 31;140(5): Authors: Hofvind S PMID: 32238960 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening)
Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening - March 31, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Hofvind S Tags: Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen Source Type: research

A man in his sixties with acute back pain and increasing weakness in his lower limbs.
ott T Abstract BACKGROUND: European and Norwegian consensus-based guidelines for the management of acute low back pain endorse red flag screening. Red flag symptomatology may ignore important information in the case history and clinical findings. CASE PRESENTATION: An active man in his sixties presented with acute low back pain with radiation to the left thigh. A paramedic visited the patient at home and found no serious disease. Over a period of 4 hours, progressive loss of sensation and weakness in both legs developed. He arrived at the Accident and Emergency Department with paralysis, reduced sensation dis...
Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening - March 31, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Eilertsen GØ, Panagiotopoulos N, Austad TA, Glott T Tags: Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen Source Type: research

Probability and outcomes of second pregnancy after HELLP syndrome in the first: a population ‐based registry study
ConclusionsAmong women with HELLP syndrome in first pregnancy the occurrence of adverse pregnancy outcomes was substantially reduced in the second pregnancy. However, compared with unaffected women, they were still at greater risk of pregnancy complications. (Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica)
Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica - March 30, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Ola Malmstr öm, Siri Eldevik Håberg, Nils‐Halvdan Morken Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Associations between menopausal hormone therapy and sleep disturbance in women during the menopausal transition and post-menopause: data from the Norwegian prescription database and the HUNT study
Impaired sleep is common in menopausal women. The aim was to examine associations between uses of systemic menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) and sleep disturbance in a large population sample. (Source: BMC Women's Health)
Source: BMC Women's Health - March 30, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Randi Anden æs, Milada Cvancarova Småstuen, Nina Misvær, Lis Ribu, Ingvild Vistad and Sølvi Helseth Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Preferences for follow ‐up in long‐term survivors after cervical cancer
ConclusionsOur study reveals the need for targeted patient ‐education about the benefits and limitations of follow‐up. In order to meet increasing costs of cancer care, individualized follow‐up procedures adjusted to risk of recurrence and late‐effects in cervical cancer survivors are warranted. (Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica)
Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica - March 30, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Ingvild Vistad, Kristina Lindemann, Anne Gry Bentzen, Alv A. Dahl, Rita Steen, Cecilie Kiserud Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Sexually destroyed or empowered? Silencing female genital cutting in close relationships.
Abstract Based on fieldwork among Kurdish-Norwegian migrants, this study explored how female genital cutting (FGC) was a silenced topic between mothers and daughters, and between men and women. The silence was often broken when FGC was discussed as a practice that needed to be rejected. The main reasons for rejecting FGC were to support women's rights and to recognise the negative ways in which FGC affected women's sexuality. This way of breaking the silence on FGC was particularly helpful to some husbands and wives in their discussion of how FGC might have affected their sexual relationships. Using theories of mi...
Source: Culture, Health and Sexuality - March 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Lunde IB, Johansen REB, Hauge MI, Sagbakken M Tags: Cult Health Sex Source Type: research

Klinisk undervisning i koronakrisens tid.
PMID: 32238977 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening)
Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening - March 27, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Gjersvik P Tags: Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen Source Type: research

Short-Term Amoxicillin-Induced Perturbation of the Gut Microbiota Promotes Acute Intestinal Immune Regulation in Brown Norway Rats
The intestinal gut microbiota is essential for maintaining host health. Concerns have been raised about the possible connection between antibiotic use, causing microbiota disturbances, and the increase in allergic and autoimmune diseases observed during the last decades. To elucidate the putative connection between antibiotic use and immune regulation, we have assessed the effects of the antibiotic amoxicillin on immune regulation, protein uptake, and bacterial community structure in a Brown Norway rat model. Daily intra-gastric administration of amoxicillin resulted in an immediate and dramatic shift in fecal microbiota, ...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - March 26, 2020 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

High incidence and prevalence of MS in More and Romsdal County, Norway, 1950-2018
Objective To determine prevalence and longitudinal trends in incidence of MS in Møre and Romsdal County, Western Norway, from 1950 to 2018. Methods Retrospective longitudinal population-based observational study. All patients diagnosed, or living, with MS in Møre and Romsdal were identified as incident or prevalent cases from local, regional, and national sources. We compiled the data in the Norwegian Multiple Sclerosis Registry and Biobank and used the aggregated data set to calculate incidence and prevalence rates using population measures obtained from Statistics Norway. Results On January 1, 2018, the e...
Source: Neurology Neuroimmunology and Neuroinflammation - March 26, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Willumsen, J. S., Aarseth, J. H., Myhr, K.-M., Midgard, R. Tags: Autoimmune diseases, All Demyelinating disease (CNS), Multiple sclerosis, All epidemiology, Prevalence studies, Incidence studies Article Source Type: research

Association between food patterns and difficulties in falling asleep among adolescents in Norway — a descriptive Young-Hunt3 study
AbstractAimAdolescents ’ sleep duration has decreased over the past century; this is mainly caused by problems with falling asleep. Short sleep duration, poor sleep quality, and later bedtimes, in addition to difficulties in falling asleep, are further associated with adolescents’ increased food intake, poor diet qual ity, and excess body weight. Obesity has become a major health worldwide problem, with increasing prevalence among several age groups. In addition, higher body mass index is one of the most consistently reported correlates of short sleep duration. The aim of this study was to study if short sleep ...
Source: Journal of Public Health - March 24, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The smell of hunger: Norway rats provision social partners based on odour cues of need
by Karin Schneeberger, Gregory R öder, Michael Taborsky When individuals exchange helpful acts reciprocally, increasing the benefit of the receiver can enhance its propensity to return a favour, as pay-offs are typically correlated in iterated interactions. Therefore, reciprocally cooperating animals should consider the relative benefit for the receive r when deciding to help a conspecific. Norway rats (Rattus norvegicus) exchange food reciprocally and thereby take into account both the cost of helping and the potential benefit to the receiver. By using a variant of the sequential iterated prisoner ’s dilemma p...
Source: PLoS Biology: Archived Table of Contents - March 24, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Karin Schneeberger Source Type: research

A Common Family Factor Underlying Language Difficulties and Internalizing Problems: Findings From a Population-Based Sibling Study.
This study uses sibling data to investigate if the comorbidity between language difficulties and internalizing problems is best explained by familial factors shared by siblings, such as genes or family environment, or nonfamilial factors specific to each child, such as peer environment. Data include 5,568 siblings at 5 years and 3,654 siblings at 8 years participating in the Norwegian Mother, Father and Child Cohort Study (MoBa). We constructed a latent factor model at 5 and 8 years, including a family comorbidity factor capturing correlations between language and internalizing problems that were equally strong between as ...
Source: Journal of Learning Disabilities - March 24, 2020 Category: Disability Authors: Helland SS, Røysamb E, Brandlistuen RE, Melby-Lervåg M, Gustavson K Tags: J Learn Disabil Source Type: research

Cytokine storms in COVID-19 cases?
PMID: 32238976 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening)
Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening - March 24, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Tveito K Tags: Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen Source Type: research

Assessment of Correlation Between Mean Size of Infrarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm at Time of Intact Repair Against Repair and Rupture Rate in Nine Countries.
This study aimed to analyse the mean abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) diameter for repair in nine countries, and to determine variation in mean AAA diameter for elective AAA repair and its relationship to rupture AAA repair rates and aneurysm related mortality in corresponding populations. METHODS: Data on intact (iAAA) and ruptured infrarenal AAA (rAAA) repair for the years 2010-2012 were collected from Denmark, England, Finland, Germany, Hungary, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, and the USA. The rate of iAAA repair and rAAA per 100 000 inhabitants above 59 years old, mean AAA diameter for iAAA repair and rAAA repair...
Source: PubMed: Eur J Vasc Endovasc ... - March 23, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Grima MJ, Behrendt CA, Vidal-Diez A, Altreuther M, Björck M, Boyle JR, Eldrup N, Karthikesalingam A, Khashram M, Loftus I, Schermerhorn M, Setacci C, Szeberin Z, Debus S, Venermo M, Holt P, Mani K Tags: Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg Source Type: research

Identification of green pigments and binders in late medieval painted wings from Norwegian churches
Publication date: July 2020Source: Microchemical Journal, Volume 156Author(s): Elena Platania, Noëlle L.W. Streeton, Anna Lluveras-Tenorio, Anna Vila, David Buti, Francesco Caruso, Hartmut Kutzke, Arne Karlsson, Maria Perla Colombini, Einar Uggerud (Source: Microchemical Journal)
Source: Microchemical Journal - March 22, 2020 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research