Treatment Outcomes of a Multi-Component Mobile Health Smoking Cessation Pilot Intervention for People with Schizophrenia.
Conclusions: Despite lack of long-term abstinence for participants, adherence to the mobile application intervention indicates the potential for future investigation of mobile smoking cessation treatments for people with schizophrenia. PMID: 32735514 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis)
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - August 2, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

A Randomized and Controlled Acceptability Trial of an Internet-based Therapy among Inpatients with Co-occurring Substance Use and Other Psychiatric Disorders.
Conclusions: These findings support further exploration of TAT for treatment expansion in a high acuity, dual diagnosis population and indicate the value of future research on efficacy. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02674477. PMID: 32701419 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis)
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - July 24, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

Depression and Anxiety Subgroups Across Alcohol Use Disorder and Substance Use in a National Epidemiologic Study.
Conclusions: The findings highlight an enhanced risk of alcohol and substance use among individuals with severe depression and/or anxiety symptoms above what is seen among individuals with less severe symptomatology. In addition, this study shows a unique risk posed by the presence of depression on substance use. This study offers a framework for future studies to examine the causal mechanisms explaining the connection between psychiatric symptoms and alcohol/substance use. PMID: 32657223 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis)
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - July 14, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

PTSD Predicts Smoking Cessation Failure in a Trauma-Exposed Population.
Conclusions: Full/partial PTSD and posttraumatic symptom clusters uniquely predict risk for smoking relapse and thus may be a useful therapeutic target in trauma-exposed smokers. PMID: 32643580 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis)
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - July 10, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

Rhabdomyolysis, Methamphetamine, Amphetamine and MDMA Use: Associated Factors and Risks.
Conclusions: The frequency of rhabdomyolysis in patients screening positive for MA was 20%. Factors associated with rhabdomyolysis in MA-positive patients included elevated troponin, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine concentration, and male gender. Clinicians caring for patients who screen positive for MA should also consider concomitant rhabdomyolysis, especially if renal/cardiac laboratory tests are abnormal and even if there is no history of injury, agitation, or physical restraint. PMID: 32644906 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis)
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - July 10, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

Comparing the Personality Traits of Patients with an Eating Disorder versus a Dual Diagnosis.
Conclusions: These results support previous studies and help to appraise differences in personality traits between specific groups in a clinical setting. PMID: 32618499 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis)
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - July 4, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

Contribution of Alcohol and Nicotine Dependence to the Prevalence of Depressed Mood in Different Ethnic Groups in The Netherlands: The HELIUS Study.
Conclusions: Alcohol misuse and nicotine dependence were significantly associated with depressed mood in most but not all ethnic groups and especially in men. However, across all groups the contribution of alcohol misuse and nicotine dependence to depressed mood was small. Prospective multi-ethnic studies should confirm whether the relations are causal and elucidate their direction. PMID: 32552497 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis)
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - June 20, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

Cortisol as a Biomarker of Alcohol Use in Combat Veterans: A Literature Review and Framework for Future Research.
Conclusions: In the context of this framework, cortisol may serve as a biomarker for the development of AUD, as well as a biomarker of risk or relapse. This review ends with both theoretical and clinical implications, as well as directions for future research. PMID: 32493131 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis)
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - June 6, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

Motives for Smoking in Those With PTSD, Depression, and No Psychiatric Disorder.
Authors: Rosenblum MS, Engle JL, Piper ME, Kaye JT, Cook JW Abstract Objective: Approaches for effectively treating smoking in those with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and with major depressive disorder (MDD) could be improved by identifying motivational processes underlying their tobacco dependence. The goal of this study was to identify the motivational processes influencing smoking dependence among smokers with PTSD and with MDD relative to non-diagnosed controls. Methods: Participants were United States (US) veterans who smoked daily (N = 162) and met DSM-IV criteria for either PTSD (n&thin...
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - May 14, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

Leveraging Nurses to Improve Care for Patients with Concurrent Disorders in Inpatient Mental Health Settings: A Scoping Review.
Conclusions: Given the substantial evidence indicating that education improves nurses' knowledge, attitudes and practices, there is great promise in expanding educational intervention opportunities for nurses to improve care and outcomes for patients with concurrent disorders-a priority patient population. PMID: 32320348 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis)
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - April 24, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

Trauma-informed Drug Screens for Veterans with Co-occurring Disorders: A Case Series.
Conclusions: Given widespread use of observed urine drug screens in substance use treatment programs, and prominent co-occurrence of substance use disorder and PTSD, it is essential that staff approach this procedure in a trauma-informed way. This case series illustrates an approach that can improve client experience, aid clients in treatment engagement, and assist staff in the provision of effective care. PMID: 32286200 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis)
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - April 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

Validation of Addiction Severity Index (ASI) for Assessment of Psychiatric Comorbidity in Multi-Site Randomized Controlled Trials.
Conclusions: Results support the utility of the ASI in screening for psychiatric comorbidity among patients receiving SUD treatments in RCT settings. PMID: 32254003 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis)
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - April 8, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

Negative Affect Mediates the Association between Posttraumatic Cognitions and Craving in Veterans with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Alcohol Use Disorder.
Conclusions: Given that posttraumatic cognitions improve via trauma-focused treatment for PTSD, future work should evaluate whether improvements in posttraumatic cognitions via trauma-focused treatment lead to decreased negative affect and craving in PTSD/AUD. PMID: 32255410 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis)
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - April 8, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

Depression and Outcomes of Methadone and Buprenorphine Treatment among People with Opioid Use Disorders: A Literature Review.
Conclusions: Although the inconsistent nature of the current evidence prohibited us from drawing definitive conclusions, we posit that the presence of depression among OUDs patients may not always predict negative outcomes related to retention and drug use during the course of OAT. Particularly, the hypothesis that adequate treatment of depression can improve treatment retention is promising and is in line with the call for increased efforts to provide integrated care for comorbid mental health disorders and addiction. Future studies with rigorous methodology are essential to better characterize the complex interplay betwe...
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - February 26, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

Comorbidity Profiles of Psychotic Patients in Emergency Psychiatry.
Conclusions: Comorbid presentations of individuals with psychosis are frequent and diverse. Depression and anxiety, in particular, worsen social functioning deficits in people with psychotic symptoms. Given their impact on functioning, psychiatric treatments should address these comorbidities during hospitalization, as well as when followed in the community. PMID: 31983294 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis)
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - January 28, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

Methamphetamine use and antipsychotic-related extrapyramidal side-effects in patients with psychotic disorders.
Conclusions: Patients with a MA use disorder were significantly more likely to have EPSE with evidence for a dose-response effect. Clinicians should carefully titrate antipsychotic dosage from lower to higher doses to avoid EPSE in patients with MA use disorders. PMID: 31984872 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis)
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - January 28, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

Introduction to Cannabis Special Issue.
Authors: Filbey FM PMID: 31906812 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis)
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - January 8, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

Substance Use and Co-occurring Physical Health Problems: File Review of a Residential Drug and Alcohol Treatment Service.
Conclusions: This study contributes to the literature by reporting on the incidence of physical health problems among people in residential treatment for substance use disorders. The high prevalence of physical health morbidity iterates the role of non-medical staff working within drug and alcohol services in the identification of client health needs. The findings support calls for systematic screening of physical health as part of routine care for substance use disorders improved integration of substance treatment and the broader primary health care system. PMID: 31877110 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J...
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - December 28, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

Associations between Medication Assisted Therapy Services Delivery and Mortality in a National Cohort of Veterans with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Opioid Use Disorder.
Conclusions: In patients with PTSD and OUD, improved adherence to MAT and greater exposure to general substance abuse care may result in lower mortality. Studies with longer follow-up and larger sample sizes to assess the impact of MAT on suicide are needed to confirm our findings. PMID: 31852392 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis)
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - December 21, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

Brain Gene Expression Profiling of Individuals With Dual Diagnosis Who Died by Suicide.
Conclusions: Suicides with DD exhibited a gene expression profile distinct from that of suicides with a single disorder, being substance use disorder or MD, and suicides without mental disorders. Our results suggest alteration in the expression of genes involved in glial specific markers, glutamatergic and GABAergic neurotransmission in suicides with DD compared to suicides with a single disorder and suicides without mental comorbidities. Alterations in the expression of synaptic genes at different levels were found in substance use disorder and MD. PMID: 31774731 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis)
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - November 29, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

Understanding Barriers and Facilitators to the Uptake of Best Practices for the Treatment of Co-Occurring Chronic Pain and Opioid Use Disorder.
Conclusions: While substantial funding has been allocated to initiatives aimed at increasing PCP capacity to treat this population, numerous barriers to adopting appropriate practices still exist. Future research should focus on developing and testing implementation strategies that leverage the facilitators and overcome the barriers illustrated here to improve the uptake of evidence-based recommendations for the treatment of co-occurring chronic pain and opioid use disorder. PMID: 31769729 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis)
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - November 28, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

Cannabis Use and the Risk of Psychosis and Affective Disorders.
Conclusions: The evidence that heavy use of high-THC/low-CBD types of cannabis increases the risk of psychosis is sufficiently strong to merit public health education. Evidence of similar but smaller effects in mania and suicide is growing, but is not convincing for depression and anxiety. There is much current interest in the possibility that CBD may be therapeutically useful. PMID: 31647377 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis)
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - October 26, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

Predictive Outcome Validity of General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28) in Substance Abuse Patients Treated in Therapeutic Communities.
Conclusions: The results of this study support the notion that the probable psychiatric cases identified by the GHQ-28 scale have a greater probability of "early treatment dropout" and have a greater probability of "nonclinically relevant improvement in discharge" of the therapeutic community. These data indicate that GHQ-28 is a suitable clinical instrument for predicting dropout and treatment effect in residential substance use disorder treatment. PMID: 31608803 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis)
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - October 16, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

Modeling the Comorbidity of Cannabis Abuse and Conduct Disorder/Conduct Problems from a Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective.
Conclusions: Based on the literature, a causal model of the comorbidity of cannabis abuse and CD/CP is developed. PMID: 31608811 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis)
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - October 16, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

Cannabinoid Receptor Type 1 and Its Role as an Analgesic: An Opioid Alternative?
This article will review this evidence in the context of its implications for pain. We first provide a brief overview of CB1R's role in the regulation of nociception, followed by a review of the evidence that the peripheral endocannabinoid system modulates nociception. We then look in detail at regulation of central-mediated analgesia, followed up with evidence that cannabinoidmediated modulation of pain involves modulation of GABAergic and glutamatergic neurotransmission in key brain regions. Finally, we discuss cannabinoid action on non-neuronal cells in the context of inflammation and direct modulation of neurons. This ...
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - October 10, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

Interaction of Cannabis Use and Aging: From Molecule to Mind.
Authors: Yoo HB, DiMuzio J, Filbey FM Abstract Given the aging Baby Boomer generation, changes in cannabis legislation, and the growing acknowledgment of cannabis for its therapeutic potential, it is predicted that cannabis use in the older population will escalate. It is, therefore, important to determine the interaction between the effects of cannabis and aging. The aim of this report is to describe the link between cannabis use and the aging brain. Our review of the literature found few and inconsistent empirical studies that directly address the impact of cannabis use on the aging brain. However, research focus...
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - October 3, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

Measuring Personality Problems in Patients With Substance Use Disorders: A Cross-Sample Validation.
Conclusions: SIPP appears to be a promising instrument for assessing personality pathology in substance use disorder treatment. The finding of high levels of maladaptive personality functioning in substance use disorder populations challenges the clinical management of the substance use disorder patient group and supports the development of integrated treatment approaches. PMID: 31571533 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis)
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - October 3, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

Patient Characteristics Predicting Abstinence in Substance Use Disorder Patients With Comorbid Mental Disorders.
Conclusions: The results indicate that being a first- or second-generation immigrant and experiencing more symptoms of depression and anxiety are predictive of non-abstinence. Attention for linguistic and cultural congruence of dual diagnosis treatments may enhance abstinence in immigrants. Additionally, addressing symptoms of depression and anxiety in dual diagnosis treatment may be beneficial for the maintenance of abstinence. More research is needed on factors influencing treatment success in dual diagnosis patients. PMID: 31566115 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis)
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - October 2, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

Outcome of Patients With High Depressive Symptoms on Admission to Methadone Maintenance Treatment.
Authors: Malik E, Adelson M, Sason A, Schreiber S, Peles E Abstract Objective: Comorbidity of depression among individuals with opioid addiction is highly prevalent, but their outcome in methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) is not well determined. Methods: Characteristics and outcomes (retention until December 2017) of newly admitted and already (5.5 ± 4 years) in MMT patients with available Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D) scores on admission were studied. Results: During psychiatric intake on admission, 70 (21.2%) of 330 patients were diagnosed with high depressive symptoms beyond th...
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - September 20, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

Use of Prescribed Psychotropic Medications in an Opioid Substitution Therapy Cohort.
Conclusions: This highlights the need for evidence-based treatment of comorbid mental illness for individuals receiving opioid substitution therapy. PMID: 31519141 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis)
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - September 16, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

Exploring the Relationships Between Eating Disorders and Mental Health in Women Attending Residential Substance Use Treatment.
This study also examines past physical and sexual abuse and mental health as specific predictors of EDs/ED symptoms. Methods: Participants were 1,444 women attending residential treatment for substance use issues provided by the Salvation Army in Australia. Measures included the Addiction Severity Index, the Eating Disorder Screen for Primary Care, medication use, hospitalization, mental health, and past abuse. Results: Alcohol was the primary substance of concern for 53.3% of the women, followed by amphetamines (17.5%), and the mean age was 37.83 years (SD = 10.8). Nearly 60% of women screened positiv...
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - September 16, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

Exploring Cannabis and Alcohol Co-Use in Adolescents: A Narrative Review of the Evidence.
Conclusion: Variation in study methodologies, policy-level limitations and our limited understanding of the developmental neurobiological effects of cannabis preclude the straightforward interpretation of the existing data on adolescent cannabis and alcohol use. Further research on this topic is requisite to inform the development of effective intervention and prevention programs for adolescent substance users, which hinge on a more comprehensive understanding of how cannabis-and its intersection with alcohol-impacts the developing brain and behavior. PMID: 31519143 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis)
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - September 16, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

Are Computer-Based Treatment Programs Effective at Reducing Symptoms of Substance Misuse and Mental Health Difficulties Within Adults? A Systematic Review.
Conclusions: Many papers were limited by high attrition rates commonly attributed to "digital" interventions. Future research should consider systematically recruiting a range of participants, including those potentially affected by the digital divide, and incorporating methods within research to maintain engagement. This review was also limited by the heterogeneity of the papers reported, many of which differed between targeting dual diagnosis and targeting either substance misuse or mental health respectively, with outcomes investigating other difficulties out of curiosity. PMID: 31476983 [PubMed - as suppl...
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - September 5, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

The Effectiveness of Cannabinoids in the Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): A Systematic Review.
Conclusions: Most studies to date are small and of low quality, with significant limitations to the study designs precluding any clinical recommendations about its use in routine clinical practice. Evidence that cannabinoids may help reduce global PTSD symptoms, sleep disturbances, and nightmares indicates that future well-controlled, randomized, double-blind clinical trials are highly warranted. PROSPERO registration number: 121646. PMID: 31479625 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis)
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - September 5, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

Cannabis and Epilepsy.
Authors: Doyle A, Harvey J Abstract Objective: In recent years, the use of cannabidiol in the treatment of refractory epilepsy has been increasingly investigated and has been gaining public support as a novel way to treat these disorders. Marijuana has been used for medical purposes for thousands of years, and a lot of research has been conducted over the last several decades into the chemistry and pharmacology of marijuana and its many compounds, including cannabidiol. Methods: Using PubMed, we performed a review of the literature regarding the history of cannabinoid use in treating epilepsy. Results and conclusio...
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - August 7, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

Public Perceptions of Recovery Prospects and Peer Style (Support and Confrontation) in Services for Serious Mental Illness Versus Substance Use Disorder.
Conclusions: These findings have potential implications for peers and their style in SMI and substance use disorder services as well as in the unique interventions for people with dual disorders. PMID: 31311451 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis)
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - July 18, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

Cannabis Use in Adolescence: A Review of Neuroimaging Findings.
Conclusions: While there is some evidence of compromised frontoparietal structure and function in adolescent cannabis use, it remains unclear whether the observed effects are specifically attributable to adolescent onset of use or general cannabis use-related factors such as depressive symptoms. The relative contribution of adolescent onset of cannabis use and use chronicity will have to be more comprehensively examined in prospective, longitudinal studies with more rigorous measures of cannabis use (dosage, exposure, dependence, constituent compounds such as the relative cannabinoid levels). PMID: 31311489 [PubMed - a...
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - July 18, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

PTSD Symptom Clusters and Craving Differs by Primary Drug of Choice.
Conclusions: Findings suggest that craving may play a role in maintaining the relationship between specific PTSD symptom clusters and substance use disorder, and the nature of this relationship may differ by primary DOC. The clinical trial on which this secondary analysis of data was conducted is registered as NCT01159535 at www.clinicaltrials.gov . The original trial from which data for this study was drawn was supported by the National Institutes of Health [NIH/NIDA 5 R01 DA025764-02]. PMID: 31304887 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis)
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - July 17, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

Impact of Substance Use and Mental Health Comorbidity on Health Care Access in Canada.
Conclusions: Although the level of access to health care was low overall, those with concurrent disorders were more likely to access mental health services than those with substance use disorders or mental disorders only. The findings of this study reveal various treatment gaps, especially in those experiencing substance use disorders, and reaffirm the importance of improving treatment accessibility for these individuals. PMID: 31282295 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis)
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - July 11, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

Sensorimotor Gating in Cocaine-Related Disorder with Comorbid Schizophrenia or Antisocial Personality Disorder.
Conclusions: The results suggest that the prepulse inhibition is a promising dual-diagnosis vulnerability marker in individuals with cocaine addiction, because prepulse inhibition deficits are related both to schizophrenia and antisocial personality disorder. In addition, prepulse inhibition, which is considered a good endophenotype for studies on the genetic and neurobiological basis of cocaine-related disorder and schizophrenia, could be used in the same way in studies on antisocial personality disorder. PMID: 31287382 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis)
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - July 11, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

Health Care Processes Contributing to Suicide Risk in Veterans During and After Residential Substance Abuse Treatment.
Conclusions: Efforts to prevent suicide in the period following discharge from a residential drug treatment program should focus on addressing suicide risk factors during admission and helping patients engage more fully in substance use disorder treatment. PMID: 31253073 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis)
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - July 1, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

Adverse Effects of Cannabis Use on Neurocognitive Functioning: A Systematic Review of Meta- Analytic Studies.
Conclusions: Meta-analyses have played an important role in helping to grasp the totality of results from a large body of literature on cannabis effects on neurocognition, yet more research (particularly large-scale longitudinal studies) is needed to identify critical periods or patterns of use that are more likely to result in negative outcomes. PMID: 31232216 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis)
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - June 25, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

Electronic cigarette use during a randomized trial of interventions for smoking cessation among Medicaid beneficiaries with mental illness.
Conclusions: Spontaneous e-cigarette use during cessation treatment was common among smokers with mental illness and was not associated with positive or negative treatment outcomes. The high rate of naturalistic e-cigarette use in this group suggests that e-cigarettes are an appealing strategy to obtain nicotine during cessation treatment that could be harnessed as a smoking cessation tool or for harm reduction. PMID: 31169077 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis)
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - June 8, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

Comorbidity of Physical Disorders Among Patients With Severe Mental Illness With and Without Substance Use Disorders: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
Conclusions: Physical disorders among SMI patients vary by substance use disorder status. Clinicians managing SMI in patients should screen for physical disorders and substance use disorders and provide treatment or referral. Registration: International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO) registration number CRD42017072286. PMID: 31164045 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis)
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - June 7, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

Changes of Self-reported PTSD and Depression Symptoms During Alcohol Detoxification Treatment.
Authors: Ostergaard M, Seitz R, Jatzkowski L, Speidel S, Höcker W, Odenwald M Abstract Objective: There is a lack of empirical knowledge on how different comorbid disorders and symptoms change in the course of initial abstinence and withdrawal. The aim of this study is to replicate previous findings on the symptom course using a larger sample and up-to-date psychometric instruments. Methods: During inpatient alcohol detoxification, we measured comorbid depression (Beck Depression Inventory second revision; BDI-II) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD Checklist for DSM-5; PCL-5) symptoms twice among 87 parti...
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - June 5, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

Discrepancies in the Validity of Self-reported Cigarette Smoking in Adults With and Without ADHD.
Conclusions: Individuals with ADHD and high school or lower education showed the lowest specificity and accuracy in their self-reported smoking, which may affect documented smoking prevalence rates. This is a secondary analysis of data collected as part of a clinical trial registered as NCT00915798 at www.clinicaltrials.gov . PMID: 31156069 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis)
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - June 5, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

Phenomenology and Course of Alcoholic Hallucinosis.
Conclusions: Alcoholic hallucinosis is an acute short-lasting psychotic disorder which lasts for less than a week when treated. Suicidality is high in this group, which needs attention. Benzodiazepines as part of withdrawal management may be sufficient for a majority of cases. Antipsychotics may be required in selected cases. A high degree of recurrence and morbidity indicates a need to intervene early with an abstinence-oriented management goal. PMID: 31161915 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis)
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - June 5, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

Editorial.
Authors: Brown ES, Green A PMID: 31138080 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis)
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - May 31, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

Healthy Recovery: A Pilot Study of a Smoking and Other Health Behavior Change Intervention for People Attending Residential Alcohol and Other Substance Dependence Treatment.
Conclusions: Results from this study demonstrated that people attending residential substance dependence treatment are willing and capable of engaging in multiple health behavior change interventions. PMID: 31122158 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis)
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - May 29, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research

The Severity of Personality Pathology: A Risk Factor for Concurrent Substance Use Disorders in Alcohol Use Disorder.
Authors: Cavicchioli M, Prudenziati F, Movalli M, Ramella P, Maffei C Abstract OBJECTIVE: Co-occurrence of substance use disorders (CO-substance use disorders) among individuals with alcohol use disorder (AUD) is largely recognized as a critical clinical issue. However, the specific clinical variables involved are still unclear. The recent findings are controversial in pointing out the unique contribution of both impulsivity and emotion dysregulation on CO-substance use disorders. Furthermore, the co-variation between AUD and other substance use disorders includes different aspects of maladaptive personality functi...
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - May 16, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research