Guest Editor Acknowledgments: 2008–2016
(Source: Sex Roles)
Source: Sex Roles - October 29, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Why Do Women Endorse Honor Beliefs? Ambivalent Sexism and Religiosity as Predictors
Abstract Cultures of honor, such as Turkey, prioritize defending individual and family reputations, but in gender-specific ways (Nisbett and Cohen 1996). Men maintain honor via reputations for toughness, aggression, control over women, and avenging insults. Women maintain honor through obedience to men, sexual modesty, and religious piety. Honor beliefs support women’s subordination, justifying violence against them (Sev’er and Yurdakul, Violence against Women, 7, 964–998, 2001) and therefore should be challenged. Understanding honor beliefs’ ideological correlates may inform such efforts. ...
Source: Sex Roles - October 24, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

I Did Well. Should I Tell? Gender Differences in Children’s Academic Success Disclosures
Abstract There is growing evidence that individuals frequently share good news with others and that these positive event disclosures can predict positive affective outcomes. In the current study, we tested hypotheses regarding gender differences in one type of positive event disclosure: children’s willingness to disclose academic successes to friends. Participants were 524 children living in the Midwestern United States. The sample was divided into two age groups: middle childhood and early adolescence. Consistent with hypotheses, girls were more likely than boys to disclose academic successes to friends. Al...
Source: Sex Roles - October 21, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Contributions of Diverse Media to Self-Sexualization among Undergraduate Women and Men
Abstract Although everyday exposure to media content that sexually objectifies women is believed to lead women to sexualize themselves, research testing this connection has produced mixed results. Most studies have focused only on the self-objectification component of self-sexualization, and on limited assessments of media exposure. Our goal was to extend tests of this component of objectification theory both to understudied media genres and to men, and to do so using broader measures of self-sexualization. Surveying 1,107 U.S. undergraduate students (658 women and 449 men), we used structural equation modeling to...
Source: Sex Roles - October 20, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Feminine Role Norms Among Australian and Italian Women: a Cross-Cultural Comparison
Abstract Australia and Italy are both nations where complex contradictions exist in the current social roles and expectations for women. The current study used the Conformity to Feminine Norms Inventory (CFNI: Mahalik et al. 2005) to compare the endorsement of eight feminine norms (Nice in Relationships, Thinness, Care for Children, Modesty, Domestic, Romantic Relationships, Sexual Fidelity, Invest in Appearance) by samples of Australian and Italian women, and to demonstrate how any observed differences relate to social and historical differences between the two nations. Two hundred forty-six female undergraduate ...
Source: Sex Roles - October 13, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Queering Bem: Theoretical Intersections Between Sandra Bem’s Scholarship and Queer Theory
Abstract Sandra Bem revolutionized psychology with her research on gender, androgyny, and gender schematicity, which culminated in her book, The Lenses of Gender. Her work also provides a model for how to cross inter-disciplinary lines to enhance scholarship and reach political goals. We analyze similarities and differences between Bem’s scholarship and scholarship in queer theory, a theoretical movement in the humanities that analyzes discourses that construct man/woman and straight/gay binaries. There are important overlaps between Bem’s lenses of gender (biological essentialism, gender polarization,...
Source: Sex Roles - October 12, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Navigating Mothering: A Feminist Analysis of Frequent Work Travel and Independence in Families
Abstract Competing cultural and gender expectations, especially aligned around paid and family work, make the contemporary experience of mothering difficult. The goal of this study is to illuminate, through the use of a feminist perspective, how families handle demands of paid and family work, along with the gendered nature of mothering, when mothers travel for work. Eighty-two mothers, fathers, and children from 22 U.S. families, in which mothers’ jobs required frequent overnight travel, were interviewed to assess how they constructed mothering. The qualitative analysis addressed two categories: (1) the imp...
Source: Sex Roles - October 5, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Strength Training in Males and Females – Motives, Training Habits, Knowledge, and Stereotypic Perceptions
This study aimed to explore physical education student teachers’ motives for participation in, knowledge of, and stereotypic perceptions regarding strength training, as well as their strength training habits. A questionnaire was administered to a sample of 204 male and female physical education student teachers from a physical education teachers college located in central Israel. Findings regarding training habits from the sample show that about 80 % of the females participating in strength training used light-moderately light resistance in their routine, while about half of the strength training males used ligh...
Source: Sex Roles - October 1, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

The Complexity of Gender: It Is All That and More….In sum, It Is Complicated
Abstract This commentary responds to “Two Traditions of Research on Gender Identity,” where Wood and Eagly (2015) discussed two traditions of research on gender identity: gender self-categorization and gender-typed traits. This commentary replies, with a focus on research and theory from the U.S., by noting the importance of each approach, but more importantly, by noting the areas of gender identity not addressed by Wood and Eagly. Issues of complexity discussed include the multidimensional nature of gender, the limitations of the gender binary system, intersectionality, and the developmental context. ...
Source: Sex Roles - September 18, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Where Do We Go From Here? Toward an Inclusive and Intersectional Literature of Multiple Stigmatization
Abstract In the present response to commentaries on Remedios and Snyder (2015), we consider how to develop more inclusive intersectional theories of how women of color experience race and gender stigmatization. As the commentaries highlight, an intersectional literature of multiple stigmatization will benefit from inclusive approaches that consider multiple identity dimensions (beyond race and gender; Carter-Sowell and Zimmerman 2015; Williams and Fredrick 2015), and diversity within social groups (such as diversity within women of color; Mohr and Purdie-Vaughns 2015). We reiterate these assertions by highlighting...
Source: Sex Roles - September 18, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Globalization and Changing Family Relations: Family Violence and Women’s Resistance in Asian Muslim Societies
Abstract There is a growing body of research on family relationships and the nature of family violence in Muslim-majority countries of Asia. However, patterns and trends around family dynamics and violence do not remain static. Despite the diversity of South Asian societies, all are being influenced by a constellation of globalized social, economic, political and religious forces that manifest in unique ways in different contexts. To date, there is little written about the implications for women’s rights and gendered violence when globalization remolds religious, cultural, geographic and other social realiti...
Source: Sex Roles - September 17, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Hidden in Plain Sight: Locating, Validating, and Advocating the Stigma Experiences of Women of Color
Abstract In this commentary, we reflect and expand on Remedios and Snyder’s (2015) target paper “How Women of Color Detect and Respond to Multiple Forms of Prejudice.” We, initially, address the perceived lack of available women of color participants for human behavior studies conducted in the United States. We offer remedies to this expectation of deficits in order for researchers to retool their recruitment plans for traditional undergraduate subjects. Specifically, we highlight the changing demographic profiles of U.S. undergraduate students and we draw attention to potentially overlooked camp...
Source: Sex Roles - September 16, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Untangling Life Goals and Occupational Stereotypes in Men’s and Women’s Career Interest
This study of college STEM (science technology engineering, and mathematics) students systematically examined the impact of occupation stereotypes and life goals related to career status, family, and helping others on career interest. Participants, drawn from introductory STEM classes (N = 186, 88 female) at a public university in the Southeastern U.S., indicated their preferences between pairs of occupations that differed in their gender stereotype. Within each occupation pair, one occupation was described as compatible with one of three goals (high salary, family-friendly, and helping others). A 1 year fol...
Source: Sex Roles - September 9, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Parents’ Gender Ideology and Gendered Behavior as Predictors of Children’s Gender-Role Attitudes: A Longitudinal Exploration
Abstract The current study utilized longitudinal, self-report data from a sample of 109 dual-earner, working-class couples and their 6-year-old children living in the northeastern United States. Research questions addressed the roles of parents’ gender ideology and gendered behaviors in predicting children’s development of gender-role attitudes. It was hypothesized that parents’ behavior would be more influential than their ideology in the development of their children’s attitudes about gender roles. Parents responded to questionnaires assessing their global beliefs about women’s and ...
Source: Sex Roles - September 9, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Living in Metaphors, Trapped in a Matrix: The Ramifications of Neoliberal Ideology for Young Women’s Sexuality
Abstract By proposing that gendered sexual norms dictating young women’s sexuality (i.e., the Virgin-S. Continuum) are now joined by neoliberal scripts for sexual agency (i.e., the Agency Line), my hope was to prompt new conversations about the ideological context in which young women in the U.S. forge their sexualities. The responses to my original commentary indicate that there are many such conversations to be had. Before pursuing those, I wish to clarify some of the tenets of my proposal, most importantly that I do not advocate for the Agency Line and the matrix created by its intersection with the Virgi...
Source: Sex Roles - September 8, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

The Price Mothers Pay, Even When They Are Not Buying It: Mental Health Consequences of Idealized Motherhood
This study also emphasizes the importance of framing motherhood with a feminist sociological lens to critique the dominant ideologies of motherhood and the detrimental effects on women. (Source: Sex Roles)
Source: Sex Roles - September 1, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Gender in Context: Considering Variability in Wood and Eagly’s Traditions of Gender Identity
Abstract This paper was written in response to Wood and Eagly’s (2015) feminist forum paper that proposes two traditions for gender identity research, a tradition based on gender-typed attributes and a tradition based on gender self-conceptualization. The present paper expands on Wood and Eagly’s (2015) framework by proposing, in line with social constructivist models, that both traditions of gender identity may be variable and context dependent. Specifically, the present paper reviews research conducted in the U.S.A. that suggests that gender-typed attributes and components of gender self-conceptualiz...
Source: Sex Roles - August 27, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

On the Cognitive (In)Efficiency of Social Comparisons with Media Images
Abstract When female viewers make upward social comparisons to the appearance of women in thin-ideal media images, the typical results are decreases in self-evaluations of appearance and increases in negative mood. Here we investigated whether such comparisons are efficient mental processes, requiring few cognitive resources, or if they are more cognitively effortful. If social comparisons to media images are efficient, we should find evidence that they occur even when participants are engaged in a separate, simultaneous, cognitive task (i.e. when made cognitively busy) during exposure to the images. In two studie...
Source: Sex Roles - August 25, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Weight-Influenced Self-Esteem, Body Comparisons and Body Satisfaction: Findings among Women from The Netherlands and Curacao
Abstract The present study examined young women’s weight-influenced self-esteem (WISE) in response to imagined weight gain and weight loss, and its relations to body satisfaction, body comparisons and global self-esteem. Young women from two different regions, that is, from the north of The Netherlands (n = 157) and from the Willemstad area (the capital of Curacao; n = 162), completed a questionnaire. It was expected that Dutch women would show lower self-esteem in response to imagined weight gain than women from Curacao, and that self-esteem in response to imagined weight gain wo...
Source: Sex Roles - August 25, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Engendering Identity: Toward a Clearer Conceptualization of Gender as a Social Identity
Abstract Wood and Eagly (2015) make a valuable contribution to the understanding of gender psychology by reviewing how gender identity has been conceptualized in different literatures. But beyond comparing and contrasting these two traditions in North American and Western European samples, we advocate for more clarity in how gender identity is defined and theorized to relate to personality traits. In this commentary, we favor reserving the term gender identity for one’s gender-relevant self-categorization and outline three main reasons why traits such as agency and communion should not be conflated with...
Source: Sex Roles - August 23, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Understanding and Undermining the Development of Gender Dichotomies: The Legacy of Sandra Lipsitz Bem
Abstract Sandra Bem has profoundly affected the ways that gender, gender roles, and gender development have been conceptualized and investigated by generations of scholars. Her legacy also offers an inspiring model of how academic scholarship can promote gender-egalitarian policy and practice. In our review, we identify four ways that Bem’s work has shaped gender-development scholarship in general, and our individual and collaborative programs of research in particular. The empirical research and policy we discuss are drawn primarily from the United States, the context in which Bem worked and lived. We begin...
Source: Sex Roles - August 16, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

What Division of Labor Do University Students Expect in Their Future Lives? Divergences and Communalities of Female and Male Students
Abstract Gender inequality is embedded in men’s greater labor force participation and women’s greater assumption of domestic roles. These inequalities are at the same time rooted in people’s projections about their future lives, which influence future behaviors and values. The current research analyzes factors that influence these projections about the gender division of labor. A sample of 230 male and female Spanish university students reported their expectations about gender equality in their own future life. Data are also presented from 113 female university students from the United States, wh...
Source: Sex Roles - August 16, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

It’s Complicated: Negotiations and Complexities of Being a Lesbian in Sport
Abstract Through the lens of feminist post-structuralism, identities of sex, gender, and sexuality are socially-constructed and fluid as a result of discourse and language. From this perspective, the purpose of this paper is to examine the negotiated and often complex experiences of lesbian athletes and coaches within sport, primarily in the United States of America. After highlighting tenets of feminist post-structuralism, I posit a dominant discourse in sport, which I call the myth of the lesbian athlete. Here, myth is used as the prevalent ideologies used to validate practices of social inequality. The myth of ...
Source: Sex Roles - August 16, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

New Rules for New Times: Sportswomen and Media Representation in the Third Wave
Abstract Leading up to the early 2000s, feminist researchers identified numerous representational practices through which the sports media ignored, trivialized and sexualized sportswomen. At that time, a distillation of the research into a set of six unwritten media ‘rules’ concluded that, at best, the traditional media approached women’s sport ambivalently within an either/or discourse of pretty or powerful that constructed femininity and athleticism as incompatible. In the past decade, the rise of Internet-based news and social media has dramatically changed the field of representation, includi...
Source: Sex Roles - August 15, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

The Role of Body Size in Mate Selection among African American Young Adults
Abstract A profusion of studies have demonstrated that body size is a major factor in mate selection for both men and women. The particular role played by weight, however, has been subject to some debate, particularly with respect to the types of body sizes deemed most attractive, and scholars have questioned the degree to which body size preferences are constant across groups. In this paper, we drew from two perspectives on this issue, Sexual Strategies Theory and what we termed the cultural variability perspective, and used survey data to examine how body size was associated with both casual dating and serious r...
Source: Sex Roles - August 14, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

The Roles of Gender Stigma Consciousness, Impostor Phenomenon and Academic Self-Concept in the Academic Outcomes of Women and Men
Abstract The question of gender differences in academic outcomes has been widely reported and debated. Recent data suggest more similarities than differences in achievement, yet also show males being more likely to make ability attributions for grades while females are more likely to make effort attributions. Thus, it may be more useful to focus on underlying factors and psychological processes that are gendered and influence academic outcomes. The primary purpose of this study was to test a hypothesized model of academic outcomes in a sample of U.S. undergraduate women and men in the Southwest (345 women, 146 men...
Source: Sex Roles - August 14, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Sexual Agency is not a Problem of Neoliberalism: Feminism, Sexual Justice, & the Carceral Turn
Abstract We examine the promises and limitations of Laina Y. Bay-Cheng’s model of the Agency Line in terms of its contribution to interdisciplinary feminist discussions of young women’s sexuality in the U.S. Bay-Cheng offers a welcome critique of neoliberal assumptions embedded in contemporary sexual discourses and her new Agency Line model contributes to complicating the virgin/whore dichotomy. While we find the model interesting and compelling, we critique the argument along three dimensions: conceptual tools, evidence offered, and theoretical scope. First, the model’s central concepts - neolib...
Source: Sex Roles - August 14, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Objectification in Virtual Romantic Contexts: Perceived Discrepancies Between Self and Partner Ideals Differentially Affect Body Consciousness in Women and Men
Abstract The current study examined whether exposure to sexually objectifying images in a potential romantic partner’s virtual apartment affects discrepancies between people’s perception of their own appearance (i.e., self-perceptions) and their perception of the body ideal that is considered desirable to a romantic partner (i.e., partner-ideals). Participants were 114 heterosexual undergraduate students (57 women and 57 men) from a northeastern U.S. university. The study used a 2 (Participant Gender) × 2 (Virtual Environment: Sexualized vs. Non-Sexualized) between-subjects design. We predicted t...
Source: Sex Roles - August 14, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Gender-Biased Attitudes and Attributions Among Young Italian Children: Relation to Peer Dyadic Interaction
Abstract In the present study, we examined gender-based social cognitions (i.e., global liking and trait attributions) related to observed dyadic peer interactions with same- and other-gender peers in a sample of young children from a large city in central Italy (N = 151; M age = 56.54 months). A multi-method procedure was used including observations of naturally occurring peer interactions and child reports of gender cognitions. Results showed that children interacted more in same-gender dyads than in other-gender dyads (i.e., gender segregation) and viewed same-gender peers more ...
Source: Sex Roles - August 14, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Feminism is Now: Fighting Modern Misogyny and the Myth of the Post-Feminist Era
(Source: Sex Roles)
Source: Sex Roles - August 14, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Exploring Women’s, Trans*, and Queer BDSM Subcultures
(Source: Sex Roles)
Source: Sex Roles - August 13, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Diversity within Women of Color: Why Experiences Change Felt Stigma
Abstract This commentary offers additional considerations for better understanding and studying how women of color detect and respond to prejudice in the United States. Building on the thoughts raised by Remedios and Snyder (2015), we highlight the importance of considering the socio-cultural and historic factors that differentially impact how sub-groups of women of color are perceived. Rather than generalizing work on stigma and discrimination across the diverse group of women of color, we discuss the importance and benefits of examining subgroups individually. In this commentary therefore, we pose research quest...
Source: Sex Roles - August 12, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Women Coming of Age
(Source: Sex Roles)
Source: Sex Roles - August 12, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Women in STEM Careers: What is Working Well
(Source: Sex Roles)
Source: Sex Roles - August 12, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Considering Gender Disparities Across Time and Place
(Source: Sex Roles)
Source: Sex Roles - August 12, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Male Partners’ Perceived Pornography Use and Women’s Relational and Psychological Health: The Roles of Trust, Attitudes, and Investment
Abstract The purpose of this study was to examine the mediating role of relationship trust in the links between young adult women’s perceptions of their male partners’ pornography use and their relational and psychological health. An additional purpose of this study was to examine the potential moderating roles of women’s attitudes toward pornography and relationship investment in the links between their male partners’ perceived pornography use and their relational and psychological health and between their male partners’ perceived pornography use and relationship trust. Participants ...
Source: Sex Roles - August 11, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Feminist Theory and Research on Family Relationships: Pluralism and Complexity
Abstract Feminist perspectives on family relationships begin with the critique of the idealized template of the White, middle class, heterosexually married couple and their dependent children. Feminist scholars take family diversity and complexity as their starting point, by emphasizing how power infuses all of family relationships, from the local to the global scale. As the main location for caring and productive labor, families are the primary unit for providing gendered socialization and distributing power across the generations. In this issue and two subsequent issues of Sex Roles, we have collected theoretica...
Source: Sex Roles - August 7, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Confronting Sexism: Exploring the Effect of Nonsexist Credentials on the Costs of Target Confrontations
Abstract The goal of the present study was to examine the effect of nonprejudiced credentialing on men who are confronted for sexism. Specifically, this study explored whether providing a male perpetrator with nonsexist credentials intensifies or ameliorates the negative interpersonal outcomes that female confronters often incur. In this experimental study, 147 male undergraduate participants from a university in southern Louisiana, United States, were given false feedback on a gender IAT indicating that they held nonsexist attitudes towards women (or not) and were subsequently confronted by a female experimenter ...
Source: Sex Roles - August 5, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Facebook is Linked to Body Dissatisfaction: Comparing Users and Non-Users
Abstract Growing media consumption and emerging forms of social media such as Facebook allow for unprecedented appearance-based social comparison with peers, family, and the wider media. We hypothesise that, for adult men and women, body dissatisfaction is related to peer-based media just as it is to traditional media forms. We expect that middle-aged women in particular are a vulnerable population, due to increasing pressure to conform to youthful beauty standards. In a national sample of New Zealand adults collected in 2012 (N = 11,017), we test the cross-sectional links between being a Facebook us...
Source: Sex Roles - August 4, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Young Women in Today’s Taiwan: Relation of Identity Status and Redemptive Narration to Psychological Well-Being
Abstract The task of identity development is a process of balancing multiple values (Grotevant and Cooper 1998). For young women living in a society where values are in transition, such as Taiwan, this task may be particularly challenging. Forging their identity as an adult woman may have implications for their well-being. Adopting a mixed-method approach, the current study investigated two aspects of undergraduate Taiwanese women’s identity development: identity status and narrative identity. The study assessed achieved and diffused identity status as well as redemption and contamination, two aspects of nar...
Source: Sex Roles - July 28, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Mobilizing Metaphor: Considering Complexities, Contradictions, and Contexts in Adolescent Girls’ and Young Women’s Sexual Agency
Abstract With clarity and elegance, Bay-Cheng (2015) has provided a solid articulation of how neoliberalism has infiltrated the sexual lives of many girls and young women. Without question, research in the U.S. and the Anglophone West, as well as current trends in popular culture and the media in these locales, warrant recognizing neoliberal sexual agency and understanding the variety of ways it interacts with the s./prude/virgin continuum. While some research has evidenced the salience of neoliberal sexual agency for some adolescent girls, we depart with Bay-Cheng’s (2015) assertion that developmental and a...
Source: Sex Roles - July 26, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

“We want you in the Workplace, but only in a Skirt!” Social Dominance Orientation, Gender-Based Affirmative Action and the Moderating Role of Benevolent Sexism
Abstract Although affirmative action based on race and/or ethnicity is a widely debated political issue within the public sphere, relatively few studies have examined the correlates of people’s attitudes towards gender-based affirmative action. The few studies that have assessed this topic suggest that both Social Dominance Orientation (SDO) and sexism are independently associated with people’s opposition to affirmative action for women. The current study expands upon this literature by investigating the moderating effect of Benevolent Sexism (BS)—a dimension of sexism that sees women as weak and...
Source: Sex Roles - July 17, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Predictors of Cosmetic Surgery Consideration Among Young Chinese Women and Men
Abstract Despite dramatic increases in cosmetic surgery in China during the past two decades, little is known about factors that predict individual differences in willingness to consider cosmetic surgery among young Chinese women and men. To address this issue, 379 undergraduate women and 204 undergraduate men from Chongqing, Southwest China completed a self-report battery assessing demographics, facets of objectified body consciousness (body surveillance, body shame), tripartite influence model features (i.e., appearance pressure from mass media and close interpersonal networks, appearance social comparisons, bod...
Source: Sex Roles - July 17, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

The Collateral Damage of Ambient Sexism: Observing Sexism Impacts Bystander Self-Esteem and Career Aspirations
Abstract Prior research demonstrates detrimental effects of sexism on female targets’ well-being and career outcomes. Extending research on those targeted by sexism, the current study explored the collateral damage of ambient sexism on bystanders observing sexism directed at others. An experiment with 218 U.S. undergraduates at a large West-coast public university assessed how ambient sexism directed at a female job applicant impacted male and female bystanders’ self-esteem and career aspirations. Results generally supported theoretical predictions regarding the moderating impact of bystander gender on...
Source: Sex Roles - July 8, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Are Girls more Resilient to Gender-Conformity Pressure? The Association Between Gender-Conformity Pressure and Academic Self-Efficacy
Abstract Since the 1990s, it has become clear that Belgian girls tend to outperform boys on educational parameters. Similar educational gender gaps are encountered in other western industrialized countries and are often attributed to cultural conventions concerning typical masculinity and femininity, which would inform gendered study cultures. This paper investigates the influence of gendered peer cultures in Flanders on an individual level by employing the concept of pressure for gender conformity. More specifically, the gender-differentiated impact of gender-conformity pressure is investigated in relation to aca...
Source: Sex Roles - July 2, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Feminist Ethnography in Cyberspace: Imagining Families in the Cloud
This article explores the relevance of the ethnographic study of the Internet for feminist scholars interested in families. The online world is an emerging field site for feminist scholars investigating spousal, parental, and kin relations, one that opens up new arenas of study but also requires novel methodological approaches. The proliferation of cyber-communities and computer-mediated communication has radically altered how we live, communicate, and gather, share, and produce knowledge. This is particularly true for families, as new media technologies have impacted how families form, interact, and understand themselves ...
Source: Sex Roles - June 27, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Scaling Intersectionality: Advancing Feminist Analysis of Transnational Families
This article provides a blueprint for how such multi-scalar intersectional analyses can be accomplished and then executes it for one set of transnational families—Hindu Bengalis who conduct their family life between India and South Florida. (Source: Sex Roles)
Source: Sex Roles - June 26, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Virginity Unmasked: The Many Meanings of Virginity
(Source: Sex Roles)
Source: Sex Roles - June 24, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Magnum Opus: Building the Body Beautiful
(Source: Sex Roles)
Source: Sex Roles - June 24, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Using Masculinity to Stop Sexual Violence: Must Women Be Weak for Men to Be Strong?
(Source: Sex Roles)
Source: Sex Roles - June 24, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research