Gender Differences in the Relationship Between Teacher Autonomy Support and Amotivation in Physical Education
Abstract Using the taxonomy of amotivation as theoretical framework, this study was designed to examine gender differences in the relationship between teacher autonomy support, amotivation and intention for future physical education participation. An amotivation model addressing the relationship was hypothesized and tested. Three hundred thirty four high school students (177 boys and 157 girls) from a major Midwest metropolitan area in the United States completed questionnaires assessing their relevant psychological and behavioral constructs. Path model analyses supported the model tenability but revealed several ...
Source: Sex Roles - February 12, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Unbuttoned: The Interaction Between Provocativeness of Female Work Attire and Occupational Status
Abstract Gender-biased standards in United Kingdom (UK) workplaces continue to exist. Women experience gender discrimination in judgements of competence, even by other women. Clothing cues can subtly influence professional perceptions of women. The aim of this study was to investigate how minor manipulations to female office clothing affect the judgements of competence of them by other UK females and to examine whether such effects differ with occupational status. One group of female university students (n = 54) and one group of employed females (n = 90), all from London and the East of...
Source: Sex Roles - February 9, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

The Challenges of Israeli Adolescent Girls: Gender Differences in Observed Autonomy and Relatedness in Adolescent-Mother Interactions
This study examined gender differences in autonomy and relatedness in adolescent-mother interactions, to evaluate two competing notions. The first, based on social role theory, suggested that girls and their mothers would show lower autonomy and higher relatedness than boys and their mothers. The second, stemming from the psychodynamic perspective, suggested that girls would show higher autonomy than boys, and that girls and their mothers would show lower relatedness than boys and their mothers. Participants were 122 Jewish Israeli mothers and their 16.5 years old adolescents (58.19 % girls) from middle class fam...
Source: Sex Roles - February 6, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Male Graduate Students at a “Women’s College”: Examining the Roles of Academic Motivation, Support, Connection, and Masculinity Ideology
This study hypothesized that university connection, perceptions of academic supports, and academic motivation related to male graduate students’ intentions to stay at and graduate from the university. The study further hypothesized that masculinity ideology would moderate the relationship between university connection, perceptions of academic supports, and academic motivation and their intentions to stay at and graduate from the university. Data from multiple regression analysis found that academic motivation and university connection were significant predictors of intentions to stay at the university. Moderation ana...
Source: Sex Roles - January 26, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Women’s Work? Predictors of Young Men’s Aspirations for Entering Traditionally Female-dominated Occupations
Abstract The purpose of this study was to extend Gottfredson’s (1981) theory of circumscription and compromise by examining how gender role attitudes, peers, educational aspirations, family background, race/ethnicity, and labor market factors predict the degree to which young men aspired toward more (or less) female-dominated occupations. Two waves of data from male respondents to the National Study of Youth and Religion (NSYR), a nationally representative dataset of U.S. teens, were analyzed (N = 1,157). Most independent variables were obtained from the first wave of data, conducted in 2002 to...
Source: Sex Roles - January 25, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

How Women’s Perceptions of Peer Weight Preferences Are Related to Drive for Thinness
Abstract The purpose of this study was to examine how women’s perceptions of their peers’ weight preferences were related to drive for thinness. First, we examined the degree to which women were accurate in their perceptions of the female body sizes that their male and female peers preferred. Second, we examined the perceived weight preferences of women’s female peers, male peers, close peers, and distant peers to determine whether women perceived these peer groups as having different weight preferences for women’s body size. Finally, we investigated whether drive for thinness was related t...
Source: Sex Roles - January 22, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Understanding the Relationships Among White and African American Women’s Sexual Objectification Experiences, Physical Safety Anxiety, and Psychological Distress
Abstract Fredrickson and Roberts (1997) asserted that sexual objectification experiences are likely related to women’s physical safety anxiety; however, to date, very few studies have examined this relationship. Using a sample of 228 U.S. undergraduate women (n = 133 Black/African American; n = 95 White) from a Southeastern university, this study explored the relationships among sexual objectification experiences, physical safety concerns (i.e., perceived risk of crime, fear of crime, and fear of rape), and overall psychological distress. Findings revealed that Black/African Ameri...
Source: Sex Roles - January 15, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Probability Values and Human Values in Evaluating Single-Sex Education
Abstract Around the globe, educational opportunities and outcomes have long varied in relation to student gender. Within the United States, a particularly intense and growing controversy concerns whether education should be delivered in single-sex contexts. This paper offers a broad framework for approaching this controversy. I review arguments made by historical and contemporary proponents of gender-differentiated education, concluding that these reveal a foundational commitment to gender essentialism (rather than to gender constructivism more commonly embraced by critics of single-sex schooling). I suggest that ...
Source: Sex Roles - January 13, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Choice of Retirement Funds in Chile: Are Chilean Women More Risk Averse than Men?
This study examined the investment decisions of women and men in Chile who were contributing to Chile’s mandatory defined contribution (DC) retirement plan, using a large survey of participants (2782 people) conducted in 2009 by Chile’s Subsecretariat of Social Protection. The basic research question was whether Chilean women were more risk averse in their retirement investment decisions than Chilean men. Chile’s retirement plan offers a default plan for those who do not want to manage their funds. For those wishing to manage their investments, it offers five funds varying in risk from an all bond fund to...
Source: Sex Roles - January 6, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Bias-motivated Aggression against Men: Gender Expression and Sexual Orientation as Risk Factors for Victimization
Abstract Bias-motivated aggression is an ongoing problem in the United States, and data show that men comprise the majority of both perpetrators and victims of these types of offenses. Although gay men appear to be at particular risk for victimization, theory suggests that aggression of this type may be understood as a way to preserve exclusive masculine identity and in-group status by punishing those men who step outside rigidly constructed gender boundaries, rather than as a reaction to target sexual orientation alone. As such, studies investigating gender non-conformity as it interacts with gay identity are nee...
Source: Sex Roles - December 23, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

The Effect of Functionality- and Aesthetic-Focused Images on Australian Women’s Body Satisfaction
Abstract Negative effects of viewing images of thin and attractive models have been well documented. However, these models are typically presented in an objectified, passive form with a focus on the aesthetic qualities of the body. Little is known about women’s responses to models presented in an active form, with a focus on athleticism and performance. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to test body conceptualization theory by exposing women to models presented with a focus on the body-as-object (BAO), the body-as-process (BAP), or images of scenery, and to examine whether a desire to achieve an athle...
Source: Sex Roles - December 18, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Facebook Involvement, Objectified Body Consciousness, Body Shame, and Sexual Assertiveness in College Women and Men
Abstract Given the heightened attention to visual impression management on social media websites, previous research has demonstrated an association between Facebook use and objectified body consciousness among adolescent girls and young women in various Western countries, including the U.S. (e.g., Meier and Gray 2013). The current study aimed to test whether both young women and men using social networking sites are vulnerable to objectified body consciousness, and to extend this line of research to sexual health outcomes. We tested a path model of Facebook involvement, objectified body consciousness, body shame, ...
Source: Sex Roles - December 11, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

“She” and “He” in News Media Messages: Pronoun Use Reflects Gender Biases in Semantic Contexts
This study tests this statement by examining how the pronouns She and He are used in a news media context. More specifically, the study tests whether He occurs more often and in more positive semantic contexts than She, as well as whether She is associated with more stereotypically and essential labels than He is. Latent semantic analysis (LSA) was applied to 400 000 Reuters’ news messages, written in English, published in 1996–1997. LSA is a completely data-driven method, extracting statistics of words from how they are used throughout a corpus. As such, no human coders are involved in the assessment of how pr...
Source: Sex Roles - December 11, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Interpersonal Weight-Related Pressure and Disordered Eating in College Women: A Test of an Expanded Tripartite Influence Model
Abstract Research has demonstrated that interpersonal weight-related pressures and criticisms are related to body dissatisfaction among college women. Further, research has suggested that romantic partners, in comparison to family and peers, play an increasingly important role in college women’s body dissatisfaction. However, research has been inconsistent on the roles that these sources of interpersonal weight-related pressure and criticism play in college women’s body dissatisfaction. The influence of romantic partners on college women’s body dissatisfaction is important to examine given that c...
Source: Sex Roles - December 9, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Gender Performance in the NCAA Rifle Championships: Where is the Gap?
Abstract The current study aimed to compare shooting performance between male and female athletes during the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Rifle Championship from the 2007 to 2013 seasons. This sport is distinct from most competitive sports as it requires little physical exertion, so physiological/ biomechanical differences between the genders that generally bring about superior performance by males relative to females may have only minimal effect on shooting performance. NCAA competitions, unlike Olympic shooting events today, allow male and female shooters to compete against each other. Using a...
Source: Sex Roles - November 30, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Social Media Effects on Young Women’s Body Image Concerns: Theoretical Perspectives and an Agenda for Research
Abstract Although there is a voluminous literature on mass media effects on body image concerns of young adult women in the U.S., there has been relatively little theoretically-driven research on processes and effects of social media on young women’s body image and self-perceptions. Yet given the heavy online presence of young adults, particularly women, and their reliance on social media, it is important to appreciate ways that social media can influence perceptions of body image and body image disturbance. Drawing on communication and social psychological theories, the present article articulates a series...
Source: Sex Roles - November 28, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Broadening the Scope of Social Media Effect Research on Body Image Concerns
Abstract The article “Social media effects on young women’s body image concerns: Theoretical perspectives and an agenda for research” by Perloff (2014) extends the study of media effects on women’s body image concerns by including social media. His article is important because of the increasing use and unique nature of social media, and it can provide an avenue for future research. The main focus of this commentary is to critically examine the arguments of Perloff (2014) and to provide suggestions on how to extend his model. We begin by emphasizing the importance of culture on body image a...
Source: Sex Roles - November 28, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Not the Sum of Its Parts: Decomposing Implicit Academic Stereotypes to Understand Sense of Fit in Math and English
Abstract Stereotypes about gender differences in math and English ability are pervasive. The current research decomposes math and English stereotypes in order to examine the relationship between the four independent components of these stereotypes (i.e., the stereotypic men-math association, the counter stereotypic men-English association, the counter stereotypic women-math association, and the stereotypic women-English association) and students' sense of fit in math and English. 371 undergraduate men and women from a private university located in the Southern United States participated in the current study. Parti...
Source: Sex Roles - November 26, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Motives for Exercise in Undergraduate Muslim Women and Men in Oman and Pakistan Compared to the United States
In this study we examined motives for exercise as well as the frequency and amount of time spent in exercising in female and male undergraduates in two Muslim countries [Oman, n = 104 and Pakistan, n = 134] as compared with those of U.S. undergraduates [n = 560]. As predicted, overall levels of exercise activity were found to be lower in undergraduates from Pakistan and Oman than in the U.S. sample, and higher in men than women across all three countries. Muslim women were least likely to exercise with the modal groups for both countries not exercising at all. Gender and country di...
Source: Sex Roles - November 25, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Microaggressions and Female Athletes
Abstract Using a combination of scholarly literature and media reports, this paper classifies instances of subtle bias, or microaggressions, toward female athletes in the United States. We identify three common microaggression themes against these athletes based on Sue’s (2010) taxonomy: assumption of inferiority, objectification, and restrictive gender roles. We apply each of these themes to explore the ways in which female athletes in the U.S. experience pervasive and subtle gender-based biases. Women are assumed to be inferior athletes and therefore receive media coverage that is dismissive of their abili...
Source: Sex Roles - November 20, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

The Presence of Ethnic Minority and Disabled men in Feminised Work: Intersectionality, Vertical Segregation and the Glass Escalator
This article examines whether men in female-dominated areas of work are disproportionately drawn from disadvantaged groups – specifically in relation to minority ethnicity and disability. Whilst there is a developing literature on the experiences of men in female-dominated work much less is known about who they are. Using intersectionality as a framework, it is theorised that men with disadvantaged identities may be less able to realise their gender advantage and avoid – or move out of – low-level and part-time feminised work. These expectations are tested with a quantitative analysis of personnel records...
Source: Sex Roles - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Acknowledgments
(Source: Sex Roles)
Source: Sex Roles - November 15, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Social Media and Body Image Concerns: Further Considerations and Broader Perspectives
Abstract In this paper we provide a commentary on Perloff’s theoretical perspectives and agenda for research that examines the effects of social media on young women’s body image concerns. Social media are the main form of mass media being used by the youth of today, and researchers in the U.S. and Australia have commenced studying how these may be affecting body image concerns. However, the processes underlying how social media may influence young people’s body image appear to be no different from underlying other forms of mass media. Research is needed to more fully evaluate youth’s exper...
Source: Sex Roles - November 15, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Act 2: Extending Theory on Social Media and Body Image Concerns
This article, with a focus on the U.S. context, reviews each of the papers. It summarizes their main suggestions, and pulls together the host of forward-looking ideas, including the role played by cultural forces, the interplay between social and conventional mass media, and an emphasis on the salutary effects of social media on body image processes. (Source: Sex Roles)
Source: Sex Roles - November 14, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Lesbian and Heterosexual Adoptive Mothers’ Experiences of Relationship Dissolution
Abstract Little research has explored same-gender couples’ experiences of relationship dissolution, and no research has explored relationship dissolution in same-gender adoptive parents. Drawing from feminist and social constructionist perspectives, the current qualitative study examined the perspectives of 13 adoptive mothers (seven lesbian, six heterosexual) who had separated from their partners over the course of a longitudinal study on adoptive families. Participants were interviewed via telephone and represented a geographically diverse sample of mothers in the U.S. Becoming a parent (to a high-needs ch...
Source: Sex Roles - November 11, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Negotiating a Media Effects Model: Addendums and Adjustments to Perloff’s Framework for Social Media’s Impact on Body Image Concerns
Abstract This paper is written in response to Perloff’s article for the Feminist Forum that proposes an agenda and a related model to guide future research conducted in the area of social media effects on young women’s body image concerns, especially as they occur in the United States. The current paper offers suggestions and considerations for ways to renegotiate and reconfigure Perloff’s agenda and model. Specifically, this paper argues for a model that makes space for both deleterious and salutary effects, not only the former, as a means to create a model that is malleable enough to provide he...
Source: Sex Roles - November 9, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

An Interdisciplinary, Multi-level, Cross-Cultural Analysis of Globalization, Women’s Work, and So Much More
(Source: Sex Roles)
Source: Sex Roles - November 5, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Research Directions in Social Media and Body Image
Abstract This commentary in response to Perloff (2014) suggests considerations for studying social media’s potential influence on body image. These are derived from Perloff’s transactional model of social media and body image. In investigating how social media use may influence body dissatisfaction in the United States, scholars should consider how the purposes and functions of social media differentiate them from traditional media effects theories. Individuals may be more likely to encounter unsought messages in social media than in traditional media. Social media messages have the potential to presen...
Source: Sex Roles - November 2, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Building the Pedagogy of Privilege and Intersectionality
(Source: Sex Roles)
Source: Sex Roles - November 1, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Exploring Masculinities in Education Through a Queer Lens
(Source: Sex Roles)
Source: Sex Roles - November 1, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

The Precious Vessel: Ambivalent Sexism and Opposition to Elective and Traumatic Abortion
Abstract Ambivalent sexism theory highlights the pernicious effects of benevolent sexism on women’s freedoms in society. Because the ideology idealizes women as nurturing mothers, benevolent sexism should be negatively associated with support for women’s reproductive rights. The current study examined this possibility by assessing the relationship between benevolent sexism and support for (a) elective abortion (i.e., abortions pursued, regardless of the reason) and (b) traumatic abortion (i.e., abortions pursued when the woman’s life is endangered) in a national probability sample of New Zealand ...
Source: Sex Roles - October 26, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Breaking Away from the ‘Lecture’ in Sexuality and Gender Classes
(Source: Sex Roles)
Source: Sex Roles - October 25, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Gender Stereotypes and Attitudes Towards Information and Communication Technology Professionals in a Sample of Spanish Secondary Students
This study examined Spanish young people’s gender-stereotyped beliefs and attitudes about people working in the field of information and communications technology (ICT). For this purpose, their positive, negative, and neutral perceptions of the associated characteristics of these workers were also analyzed. Likewise, the use of masculine, feminine, or neutral expressions to describe these professionals was explored. The existence of gender differences in these aspects was also investigated. 900 students from Catalonia (51 % girls) enrolled in the last course of junior secondary education (mean of age=15 yea...
Source: Sex Roles - October 18, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Ambivalent Sexism and the Sexual Double Standard
Abstract The sexual double standard is the notion that women are evaluated negatively and men positively for engaging in similar sexual behaviors. Because traditional, gender-based stereotypes are reflected in the attitudes that people hold towards men and women, it is likely that sexism plays a part in the manifestation of the double standard. The goal of the present study is to investigate the relationship between sexism (prejudice against individuals based on their gender) and the sexual double standard. There are two types of sexism: hostile (negative prejudice) and benevolent (positive prejudice). We hypothes...
Source: Sex Roles - October 13, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

An Objective look at Early Sexualization and the Media
(Source: Sex Roles)
Source: Sex Roles - October 13, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Interest in Celebrities’ Post-baby Bodies and Korean Women’s Body Image Disturbance After Childbirth
Abstract Based on social comparison theory, this study explores how interest in celebrities’ post-baby bodies relates to body image disturbance after childbirth in South Korean women. Previous studies have shown that the media have glamorized celebrities who quickly lose their baby weight. Given the established relationship between thin media images and body image disturbance, the present study investigates whether this relationship, which has been studied mainly in female undergraduates and adolescents in Western countries, might apply to postpartum Korean women. An online survey questionnaire was completed...
Source: Sex Roles - October 2, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Reasoning About Single-Sex Schooling for Girls Among Students, Parents, and Teachers
We examined reasoning about all-girls schools among school stakeholders (i.e., individuals affected by single-sex schools, including students, parents, and teachers) in the Southwestern United States. Specifically, middle school students attending all-girls (n = 398) and coeducational (n = 191) schools, mothers of middle school students attending all-girls (n = 217) and coeducational (n = 64) schools, and teachers employed at all-girls (n = 18) and coeducational (n = 97) middle schools rated the veracity of multiple rationales for girls-onl...
Source: Sex Roles - October 1, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Sociable, Mentally Disturbed Women and Angry, Rejected Men: Cultural Scripts for the Suicidal Behavior of Women and Men in the Austrian Print Media
Abstract This paper analyzed gender-specific reporting differences in Austrian newspapers on suicidal behavior related to portrayals of and language about suicidal motives in order to shed light on cultural scripts that may both reflect and shape gender stereotypes in a country where conservative gender-role models dominate. A total of 126 Austrian print-media reports on female suicidal behavior were compared to 381 reports on male suicidal behavior. The linguistic text analysis program LIWC was used to compare the use of language indicative of emotions, assess text complexity and detect indicators of social proc...
Source: Sex Roles - October 1, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Belly Dance as an Embodying Activity?: A Test of the Embodiment Model of Positive Body Image
Abstract The study aimed to test Menzel and Levine’s (2011) embodiment theory of positive body image in the context of belly dance. Participants were 213 women from Adelaide, South Australia. They comprised 112 belly dancers recruited from two belly dance schools, and a sample of 101 college women who had never participated in belly dance. Participants completed questionnaire measures of positive body image, body dissatisfaction, self-objectification, and enjoyment of sexualization. It was found that belly dancers scored higher on positive body image and lower on body dissatisfaction and self-objectificatio...
Source: Sex Roles - October 1, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Media Influence on Drive for Thinness and Drive for Muscularity
Abstract The present study investigated relationships between media influence (exposure, self-comparison to media ideals and internalization of media messages, societal pressure to have the perfect body, using media as a source of information about how to achieve a certain body ideal) and drive for thinness and drive for muscularity in 311 male and female undergraduates at a university in the Rocky Mountain region of the United States. We hypothesized that drive for thinness and drive for muscularity in both women and men would relate to body comparison/internalization, societal pressure, use of media for informa...
Source: Sex Roles - October 1, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Male Role Norm Endorsement and Sexism Predict Heterosexual College Men’s Attitudes Toward Casual Sex, Intoxicated Sexual Contact, and Casual Sex
This study examined whether gender roles, particularly male role beliefs and sexism, may underlie self-reported attitudes toward and participation in casual sex and intoxication prior to sexual contact in a sample of heterosexual undergraduate men from the United States. We utilized online survey methods to examine whether men’s (N = 223 from a large mid-Atlantic University) endorsement of traditional masculinity (power and status, toughness, and anti-femininity) and sexist attitudes regarding women’s roles (hostile, benevolent) were related to engagement in casual sex (i.e., number of one-time-on...
Source: Sex Roles - October 1, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Sexual Assault Portrayals in Hindi Cinema
Abstract The Indian film industry has been criticized for perpetuating an environment for sexual violence, but little research has analyzed whether Hindi films provide a script for engaging in sexual assault that may perpetuate such violence. In this article, we employed script and sexual scripts theory to determine if there is a recurring sexual assault script in recent Hindi films that describes the pre-conditions, actions and outcomes of sexual assault. Our analysis of 24 Hindi films from the years 2000–2012 confirms the general presence of a sexual assault script. Pre-conditions for assault involve unma...
Source: Sex Roles - October 1, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Does Educating Girls Really Change the World?
Abstract Directed by Richard Robbins and released in 2013, Girl Rising is a documentary-style film that takesviewers on a journey to nine countries, introducing a local girl in each context whose story underscores themyriad challenges facing girls in developing countries around the world. Interspersed between the girls’stories are statistics that offer viewers a macro-level picture of girls’ status in places like Haiti, Ethiopia, India,and Peru. The upshot of the film is that increasing girls’ access to education has the potential to spark broadbasedeconomic, political, and social change in the ...
Source: Sex Roles - October 1, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Illuminating Boys, Teachers and Their Working Relationships
(Source: Sex Roles)
Source: Sex Roles - October 1, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

A Conceptual and Empirical Evaluation of the Stalking Literature
(Source: Sex Roles)
Source: Sex Roles - October 1, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Examining Men’s Status Shield and Status Bonus: How Gender Frames the Emotional Labor and Job Satisfaction of Nurses
Abstract (Hochschild 1983) coined the term status shield to theorize men’s status-based protection from the emotional abuses of working in a service job and hence their diminished need to manage emotions as compared to women. Extending this concept, the current study examines how gender operates not merely to shield men from emotional labor on the job but to also shape the relationship between emotional labor and job satisfaction. Using survey data collected from 730 registered nurses (667 women and 63 men) at a large Midwestern hospital system in the U.S., we show that in addition to engaging in less emotio...
Source: Sex Roles - September 30, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Are You Man Enough to be a Nurse? The Impact of Ambivalent Sexism and Role Congruity on Perceptions of Men and Women in Nursing Advertisements
Abstract Framed by role congruity and ambivalent sexism, the current study is designed to investigate perceptions of male and female nurses. Specifically, 167 Canadian undergraduates from Southern Ontario viewed a potential nursing recruitment advertisement (female nurse, male nurse, or masculinity emphasized male nurse), reported their perceptions of the nurse in the advertisement, and rated the appropriateness of nursing as a career for men and women. MANOVAs revealed that participants viewed the male nurses more negatively (less competent and more deviant) in the masculinity emphasized condition than the male n...
Source: Sex Roles - September 28, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Telling the Stories of Gay, Lesbian, and Transgender Muslims
(Source: Sex Roles)
Source: Sex Roles - September 28, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Feminist Queer Crip Theory: A Critical View of the Future
(Source: Sex Roles)
Source: Sex Roles - September 19, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Gender Differences in the Perception of Honour Killing in Individualist Versus Collectivistic Cultures: Comparison Between Italy and Turkey
Abstract Gender differences in the perception of honour killing were investigated in two countries, both traditionally considered honour cultures but with differing degrees of individualism and collectivism: Italy and Turkey. Ninety-six Turkish undergraduate students attending Istanbul University (40 % males, mean age = 21.2 years) and 68 Italian undergraduate students attending Turin University (34 % males, mean age = 24.6 years) filled in a questionnaire which assessed the perception of three honour killing scenarios (scenario 1: alleged adultery, scenario 2: adult...
Source: Sex Roles - September 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research