Sex Roles : An Up-to-Date Gender Journal with an Outdated Name
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Source: Sex Roles - December 4, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Qualitative or Mixed Methods Research Inquiry Approaches: Some Loose Guidelines for Publishing in Sex Roles
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Source: Sex Roles - December 4, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Gender Research in Spanish Psychology, Part II: Progress and Complexities in the European Context
Abstract Extending the first Special Issue about gender research in the European country of Spain (Gartzia and Lopez-Zafra 2014), this Special Issue presents a new collection of original studies conducted in Spain that address some of the reasons for the maintenance of gender inequalities in this cultural context. Our approach is to capture the complexities that accompany changes toward gender equality in Spain as in other nations, whereby subtle forms of discrimination coexist with gender awareness-raising policies that ultimately allow for women’s steadily advancement. With the view of providing background...
Source: Sex Roles - December 3, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Sex and the Single (Neoliberal) Girl: Perspectives on Being Single Among Socioeconomically Diverse Young Women
Discussion, we reflect on and summarize the thematic patterns found in participants’ responses, with affluent undergraduates seeming to characterize being single as positive and self-enhancing, the low-SES undergraduates seeing it as a strategy for self-advancement, and the low-SES non-students framing it in defensive, self-protective terms. Despite these differences, all participants seemed to draw on common neoliberal tenets. We argue that participants’ predominantly positive perspectives on being single may be at least partially attributed to commercialized feminism and an agency imperative that requires you...
Source: Sex Roles - November 26, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Disrupted Transition to Parenthood: Gender Moderates the Association Between Miscarriage and Uncertainty About Conception
Abstract Miscarriage is a devastating yet common experience shared by women and their partners. Doctors often recommend that couples attempt to conceive again after the experience of a miscarriage, yet little is known about the emotional toll of conception following miscarriage. In the current study, we addressed two primary research questions: (a) How does experiencing a miscarriage relate to recalled emotional experiences of uncertainty surrounding efforts to conceive again? and (b) does gender moderate the association between miscarriage and retrospective accounts of emotions surrounding efforts to conceive? An...
Source: Sex Roles - November 26, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Bodies After Babies: The Impact of Depictions of Recently Post-Partum Celebrities on Non-Pregnant Women’s Body Image
Abstract The present study investigated the notion that the scrutiny of post-partum celebrity bodies by gossip media reinforces the message to all women that their bodies are vulnerable to close, critical scrutiny and that their value is contingent upon their appearance (e.g., Gentile 2011). Using objectification theory (Fredrickson and Roberts 1997) and the media priming framework (Roskos-Ewoldsen and Roskos-Ewoldsen 2009), the present study examined the impact of depictions of post-partum celebrities on never-pregnant young women. College women (N = 127) were randomly assigned to view full-body ima...
Source: Sex Roles - November 25, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

School Gender Culture and Student Subjective Well-Being
This study explores the impact of school gender culture in the United States on boys’ and girls’ attachment to school and symptoms of depression. We consider multiple dimensions of school gender culture and hypothesize that student subjective well-being is lower in schools with a lower percentage of females, stronger orientations toward marriage, more prevalent contact sports, and a student body that engages more often in fighting and drinking. xThe hypotheses are derived from theories of gendered organizations, heteronormativity, and hypermasculinity. Analyses of a national sample of middle and high school stu...
Source: Sex Roles - November 25, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Crossover, Degendering, or…? A Multidimensional Approach to Life-Span Gender Development
Abstract Inspired by Sandra Bem and subsequent theorists, we examine gender as a multidimensional construct that differs across adulthood to test claims made by two different theories of life-span gender development—that men and women cross over and become more like the other gender with age, and that aging involves degendering or viewing gender as a less central aspect of the self. Self-report survey data from a U.S. sample of men and women recruited from Amazon’s Mechanical Turk (25–89 years, M age = 47.38, SD = 14.05) were used to investigate the extent to whic...
Source: Sex Roles - November 23, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Housework as Non-Normative Gender Display Among Lesbians and Gay Men
Abstract I develop a theoretical extension of gender display through housework by incorporating a predicted aversion toward stereotypical gender displays with a tendency toward egalitarianism among lesbians and gay men. I hypothesized that women who express higher levels of stereotypically masculine traits would take on a smaller share of housework than women who express lower levels of masculinity, and that men with higher levels of stereotypically feminine traits would contribute a greater share of housework relative to men with lower levels of these traits, illustrating the display of non-normative gender. Amon...
Source: Sex Roles - November 23, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Enjoyment of Sexualisation and Positive Body Image in Recreational Pole Dancers and University Students
Abstract The study aimed to investigate the construct of enjoyment of sexualisation and how it relates to positive body image. In addition to undergraduate university students, a sample of recreational pole dancers was included to demonstrate how results might generalise to an activity identified as representing both the potentially negative and positive aspects of enjoying sexualisation. Participants were 162 heterosexual Australian women aged 17–30 years from Adelaide, South Australia. They comprised 71 recreational pole dancers recruited from local recreational pole dance schools, and a group of 91 u...
Source: Sex Roles - November 23, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Chivalry’s Double-edged Sword: How Girls’ and Boys’ Paternalistic Attitudes Relate to Their Possible Family and Work Selves
Abstract Paternalism refers to the ideology that women need men’s protection (Glick and Fiske 2001), which is associated with greater acceptance of the gender status quo (Jost and Kay 2005) and lower feelings of agency and competence among women (Dumont et al. 2010). To consider the potential impact of paternalistic attitudes during adolescence, we investigated girls’ and boys’ paternalistic attitudes in relation to their possible family and career selves. The sample comprised 201 U.S. adolescents from California high schools (M age  = 17.49 ...
Source: Sex Roles - November 20, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Boys Act and Girls Appear: A Content Analysis of Gender Stereotypes Associated with Characters in Children’s Popular Culture
We examined popular Halloween costumes (90 female costumes and 90 male costumes) from popular retail websites, 79 popular dolls and 71 popular action figures from national store websites, and Valentines found at two national stores (portraying 54 female and 59 male characters). The coding system was adapted from several different studies. Female characters were far more likely than male characters to be depicted with traditional feminine stereotyped cues (e.g., decorative clothing) and sexually submissive, hyper-feminine cues (e.g., revealing clothing). Male characters were far more likely to be portrayed with traditional ...
Source: Sex Roles - November 20, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

The Relationship between Mother-Daughter Self-Objectification: Identifying Direct, Indirect, and Conditional Direct Effects
Abstract Grounded in aspects of objectification theory, social learning theory, and attachment theory, we investigated the extent to which mothers’ and daughters’ self-objectification were related to one another’s and also identified three potential intervening factors. Specifically, we hypothesized a (statistical) direct effect of mothers’ self-objectification on that of their daughters’ (H1), as well as investigated a conditional direct effect (i.e., maternal care) (H2) and two indirect effects (i.e., co-rumination and mothers’ weight concerns) (H3) as intervening factors that...
Source: Sex Roles - November 11, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Final Editorial
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Source: Sex Roles - November 7, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Authors’ Reply: Commentaries on Wood & Eagly’s (2015) “Two Traditions of Research on Gender Identity”
Abstract We are pleased that the thoughtful commentaries on Wood and Eagly’s (2015) review accepted our distinction between gender identity research involving personality traits and research involving self-categorization into female or male groups. Although Schmader and Block (2015) argued that self-categorization is the clearer, more fundamental approach, we maintain instead that gender identities encompass both explicit categorization of self and the less explicit endorsement of gender-typical traits. In essence, the trait and categorization analyses are two sides of the same gender identity coin. We also ...
Source: Sex Roles - November 2, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

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Source: Sex Roles - October 31, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Guest Editor Acknowledgments: 2008–2016
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Source: Sex Roles - October 29, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Why Do Women Endorse Honor Beliefs? Ambivalent Sexism and Religiosity as Predictors
Abstract Cultures of honor, such as Turkey, prioritize defending individual and family reputations, but in gender-specific ways (Nisbett and Cohen 1996). Men maintain honor via reputations for toughness, aggression, control over women, and avenging insults. Women maintain honor through obedience to men, sexual modesty, and religious piety. Honor beliefs support women’s subordination, justifying violence against them (Sev’er and Yurdakul, Violence against Women, 7, 964–998, 2001) and therefore should be challenged. Understanding honor beliefs’ ideological correlates may inform such efforts. ...
Source: Sex Roles - October 24, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

I Did Well. Should I Tell? Gender Differences in Children’s Academic Success Disclosures
Abstract There is growing evidence that individuals frequently share good news with others and that these positive event disclosures can predict positive affective outcomes. In the current study, we tested hypotheses regarding gender differences in one type of positive event disclosure: children’s willingness to disclose academic successes to friends. Participants were 524 children living in the Midwestern United States. The sample was divided into two age groups: middle childhood and early adolescence. Consistent with hypotheses, girls were more likely than boys to disclose academic successes to friends. Al...
Source: Sex Roles - October 21, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Contributions of Diverse Media to Self-Sexualization among Undergraduate Women and Men
Abstract Although everyday exposure to media content that sexually objectifies women is believed to lead women to sexualize themselves, research testing this connection has produced mixed results. Most studies have focused only on the self-objectification component of self-sexualization, and on limited assessments of media exposure. Our goal was to extend tests of this component of objectification theory both to understudied media genres and to men, and to do so using broader measures of self-sexualization. Surveying 1,107 U.S. undergraduate students (658 women and 449 men), we used structural equation modeling to...
Source: Sex Roles - October 20, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Feminine Role Norms Among Australian and Italian Women: a Cross-Cultural Comparison
Abstract Australia and Italy are both nations where complex contradictions exist in the current social roles and expectations for women. The current study used the Conformity to Feminine Norms Inventory (CFNI: Mahalik et al. 2005) to compare the endorsement of eight feminine norms (Nice in Relationships, Thinness, Care for Children, Modesty, Domestic, Romantic Relationships, Sexual Fidelity, Invest in Appearance) by samples of Australian and Italian women, and to demonstrate how any observed differences relate to social and historical differences between the two nations. Two hundred forty-six female undergraduate ...
Source: Sex Roles - October 13, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Queering Bem: Theoretical Intersections Between Sandra Bem’s Scholarship and Queer Theory
Abstract Sandra Bem revolutionized psychology with her research on gender, androgyny, and gender schematicity, which culminated in her book, The Lenses of Gender. Her work also provides a model for how to cross inter-disciplinary lines to enhance scholarship and reach political goals. We analyze similarities and differences between Bem’s scholarship and scholarship in queer theory, a theoretical movement in the humanities that analyzes discourses that construct man/woman and straight/gay binaries. There are important overlaps between Bem’s lenses of gender (biological essentialism, gender polarization,...
Source: Sex Roles - October 12, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Navigating Mothering: A Feminist Analysis of Frequent Work Travel and Independence in Families
Abstract Competing cultural and gender expectations, especially aligned around paid and family work, make the contemporary experience of mothering difficult. The goal of this study is to illuminate, through the use of a feminist perspective, how families handle demands of paid and family work, along with the gendered nature of mothering, when mothers travel for work. Eighty-two mothers, fathers, and children from 22 U.S. families, in which mothers’ jobs required frequent overnight travel, were interviewed to assess how they constructed mothering. The qualitative analysis addressed two categories: (1) the imp...
Source: Sex Roles - October 5, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Strength Training in Males and Females – Motives, Training Habits, Knowledge, and Stereotypic Perceptions
This study aimed to explore physical education student teachers’ motives for participation in, knowledge of, and stereotypic perceptions regarding strength training, as well as their strength training habits. A questionnaire was administered to a sample of 204 male and female physical education student teachers from a physical education teachers college located in central Israel. Findings regarding training habits from the sample show that about 80 % of the females participating in strength training used light-moderately light resistance in their routine, while about half of the strength training males used ligh...
Source: Sex Roles - October 1, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

The Complexity of Gender: It Is All That and More….In sum, It Is Complicated
Abstract This commentary responds to “Two Traditions of Research on Gender Identity,” where Wood and Eagly (2015) discussed two traditions of research on gender identity: gender self-categorization and gender-typed traits. This commentary replies, with a focus on research and theory from the U.S., by noting the importance of each approach, but more importantly, by noting the areas of gender identity not addressed by Wood and Eagly. Issues of complexity discussed include the multidimensional nature of gender, the limitations of the gender binary system, intersectionality, and the developmental context. ...
Source: Sex Roles - September 18, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Where Do We Go From Here? Toward an Inclusive and Intersectional Literature of Multiple Stigmatization
Abstract In the present response to commentaries on Remedios and Snyder (2015), we consider how to develop more inclusive intersectional theories of how women of color experience race and gender stigmatization. As the commentaries highlight, an intersectional literature of multiple stigmatization will benefit from inclusive approaches that consider multiple identity dimensions (beyond race and gender; Carter-Sowell and Zimmerman 2015; Williams and Fredrick 2015), and diversity within social groups (such as diversity within women of color; Mohr and Purdie-Vaughns 2015). We reiterate these assertions by highlighting...
Source: Sex Roles - September 18, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Globalization and Changing Family Relations: Family Violence and Women’s Resistance in Asian Muslim Societies
Abstract There is a growing body of research on family relationships and the nature of family violence in Muslim-majority countries of Asia. However, patterns and trends around family dynamics and violence do not remain static. Despite the diversity of South Asian societies, all are being influenced by a constellation of globalized social, economic, political and religious forces that manifest in unique ways in different contexts. To date, there is little written about the implications for women’s rights and gendered violence when globalization remolds religious, cultural, geographic and other social realiti...
Source: Sex Roles - September 17, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Hidden in Plain Sight: Locating, Validating, and Advocating the Stigma Experiences of Women of Color
Abstract In this commentary, we reflect and expand on Remedios and Snyder’s (2015) target paper “How Women of Color Detect and Respond to Multiple Forms of Prejudice.” We, initially, address the perceived lack of available women of color participants for human behavior studies conducted in the United States. We offer remedies to this expectation of deficits in order for researchers to retool their recruitment plans for traditional undergraduate subjects. Specifically, we highlight the changing demographic profiles of U.S. undergraduate students and we draw attention to potentially overlooked camp...
Source: Sex Roles - September 16, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Untangling Life Goals and Occupational Stereotypes in Men’s and Women’s Career Interest
This study of college STEM (science technology engineering, and mathematics) students systematically examined the impact of occupation stereotypes and life goals related to career status, family, and helping others on career interest. Participants, drawn from introductory STEM classes (N = 186, 88 female) at a public university in the Southeastern U.S., indicated their preferences between pairs of occupations that differed in their gender stereotype. Within each occupation pair, one occupation was described as compatible with one of three goals (high salary, family-friendly, and helping others). A 1 year fol...
Source: Sex Roles - September 9, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Parents’ Gender Ideology and Gendered Behavior as Predictors of Children’s Gender-Role Attitudes: A Longitudinal Exploration
Abstract The current study utilized longitudinal, self-report data from a sample of 109 dual-earner, working-class couples and their 6-year-old children living in the northeastern United States. Research questions addressed the roles of parents’ gender ideology and gendered behaviors in predicting children’s development of gender-role attitudes. It was hypothesized that parents’ behavior would be more influential than their ideology in the development of their children’s attitudes about gender roles. Parents responded to questionnaires assessing their global beliefs about women’s and ...
Source: Sex Roles - September 9, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Living in Metaphors, Trapped in a Matrix: The Ramifications of Neoliberal Ideology for Young Women’s Sexuality
Abstract By proposing that gendered sexual norms dictating young women’s sexuality (i.e., the Virgin-S. Continuum) are now joined by neoliberal scripts for sexual agency (i.e., the Agency Line), my hope was to prompt new conversations about the ideological context in which young women in the U.S. forge their sexualities. The responses to my original commentary indicate that there are many such conversations to be had. Before pursuing those, I wish to clarify some of the tenets of my proposal, most importantly that I do not advocate for the Agency Line and the matrix created by its intersection with the Virgi...
Source: Sex Roles - September 8, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

The Price Mothers Pay, Even When They Are Not Buying It: Mental Health Consequences of Idealized Motherhood
This study also emphasizes the importance of framing motherhood with a feminist sociological lens to critique the dominant ideologies of motherhood and the detrimental effects on women. (Source: Sex Roles)
Source: Sex Roles - September 1, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Gender in Context: Considering Variability in Wood and Eagly’s Traditions of Gender Identity
Abstract This paper was written in response to Wood and Eagly’s (2015) feminist forum paper that proposes two traditions for gender identity research, a tradition based on gender-typed attributes and a tradition based on gender self-conceptualization. The present paper expands on Wood and Eagly’s (2015) framework by proposing, in line with social constructivist models, that both traditions of gender identity may be variable and context dependent. Specifically, the present paper reviews research conducted in the U.S.A. that suggests that gender-typed attributes and components of gender self-conceptualiz...
Source: Sex Roles - August 27, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

On the Cognitive (In)Efficiency of Social Comparisons with Media Images
Abstract When female viewers make upward social comparisons to the appearance of women in thin-ideal media images, the typical results are decreases in self-evaluations of appearance and increases in negative mood. Here we investigated whether such comparisons are efficient mental processes, requiring few cognitive resources, or if they are more cognitively effortful. If social comparisons to media images are efficient, we should find evidence that they occur even when participants are engaged in a separate, simultaneous, cognitive task (i.e. when made cognitively busy) during exposure to the images. In two studie...
Source: Sex Roles - August 25, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Weight-Influenced Self-Esteem, Body Comparisons and Body Satisfaction: Findings among Women from The Netherlands and Curacao
Abstract The present study examined young women’s weight-influenced self-esteem (WISE) in response to imagined weight gain and weight loss, and its relations to body satisfaction, body comparisons and global self-esteem. Young women from two different regions, that is, from the north of The Netherlands (n = 157) and from the Willemstad area (the capital of Curacao; n = 162), completed a questionnaire. It was expected that Dutch women would show lower self-esteem in response to imagined weight gain than women from Curacao, and that self-esteem in response to imagined weight gain wo...
Source: Sex Roles - August 25, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Engendering Identity: Toward a Clearer Conceptualization of Gender as a Social Identity
Abstract Wood and Eagly (2015) make a valuable contribution to the understanding of gender psychology by reviewing how gender identity has been conceptualized in different literatures. But beyond comparing and contrasting these two traditions in North American and Western European samples, we advocate for more clarity in how gender identity is defined and theorized to relate to personality traits. In this commentary, we favor reserving the term gender identity for one’s gender-relevant self-categorization and outline three main reasons why traits such as agency and communion should not be conflated with...
Source: Sex Roles - August 23, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Understanding and Undermining the Development of Gender Dichotomies: The Legacy of Sandra Lipsitz Bem
Abstract Sandra Bem has profoundly affected the ways that gender, gender roles, and gender development have been conceptualized and investigated by generations of scholars. Her legacy also offers an inspiring model of how academic scholarship can promote gender-egalitarian policy and practice. In our review, we identify four ways that Bem’s work has shaped gender-development scholarship in general, and our individual and collaborative programs of research in particular. The empirical research and policy we discuss are drawn primarily from the United States, the context in which Bem worked and lived. We begin...
Source: Sex Roles - August 16, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

What Division of Labor Do University Students Expect in Their Future Lives? Divergences and Communalities of Female and Male Students
Abstract Gender inequality is embedded in men’s greater labor force participation and women’s greater assumption of domestic roles. These inequalities are at the same time rooted in people’s projections about their future lives, which influence future behaviors and values. The current research analyzes factors that influence these projections about the gender division of labor. A sample of 230 male and female Spanish university students reported their expectations about gender equality in their own future life. Data are also presented from 113 female university students from the United States, wh...
Source: Sex Roles - August 16, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

It’s Complicated: Negotiations and Complexities of Being a Lesbian in Sport
Abstract Through the lens of feminist post-structuralism, identities of sex, gender, and sexuality are socially-constructed and fluid as a result of discourse and language. From this perspective, the purpose of this paper is to examine the negotiated and often complex experiences of lesbian athletes and coaches within sport, primarily in the United States of America. After highlighting tenets of feminist post-structuralism, I posit a dominant discourse in sport, which I call the myth of the lesbian athlete. Here, myth is used as the prevalent ideologies used to validate practices of social inequality. The myth of ...
Source: Sex Roles - August 16, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

New Rules for New Times: Sportswomen and Media Representation in the Third Wave
Abstract Leading up to the early 2000s, feminist researchers identified numerous representational practices through which the sports media ignored, trivialized and sexualized sportswomen. At that time, a distillation of the research into a set of six unwritten media ‘rules’ concluded that, at best, the traditional media approached women’s sport ambivalently within an either/or discourse of pretty or powerful that constructed femininity and athleticism as incompatible. In the past decade, the rise of Internet-based news and social media has dramatically changed the field of representation, includi...
Source: Sex Roles - August 15, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

The Role of Body Size in Mate Selection among African American Young Adults
Abstract A profusion of studies have demonstrated that body size is a major factor in mate selection for both men and women. The particular role played by weight, however, has been subject to some debate, particularly with respect to the types of body sizes deemed most attractive, and scholars have questioned the degree to which body size preferences are constant across groups. In this paper, we drew from two perspectives on this issue, Sexual Strategies Theory and what we termed the cultural variability perspective, and used survey data to examine how body size was associated with both casual dating and serious r...
Source: Sex Roles - August 14, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

The Roles of Gender Stigma Consciousness, Impostor Phenomenon and Academic Self-Concept in the Academic Outcomes of Women and Men
Abstract The question of gender differences in academic outcomes has been widely reported and debated. Recent data suggest more similarities than differences in achievement, yet also show males being more likely to make ability attributions for grades while females are more likely to make effort attributions. Thus, it may be more useful to focus on underlying factors and psychological processes that are gendered and influence academic outcomes. The primary purpose of this study was to test a hypothesized model of academic outcomes in a sample of U.S. undergraduate women and men in the Southwest (345 women, 146 men...
Source: Sex Roles - August 14, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Sexual Agency is not a Problem of Neoliberalism: Feminism, Sexual Justice, & the Carceral Turn
Abstract We examine the promises and limitations of Laina Y. Bay-Cheng’s model of the Agency Line in terms of its contribution to interdisciplinary feminist discussions of young women’s sexuality in the U.S. Bay-Cheng offers a welcome critique of neoliberal assumptions embedded in contemporary sexual discourses and her new Agency Line model contributes to complicating the virgin/whore dichotomy. While we find the model interesting and compelling, we critique the argument along three dimensions: conceptual tools, evidence offered, and theoretical scope. First, the model’s central concepts - neolib...
Source: Sex Roles - August 14, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Objectification in Virtual Romantic Contexts: Perceived Discrepancies Between Self and Partner Ideals Differentially Affect Body Consciousness in Women and Men
Abstract The current study examined whether exposure to sexually objectifying images in a potential romantic partner’s virtual apartment affects discrepancies between people’s perception of their own appearance (i.e., self-perceptions) and their perception of the body ideal that is considered desirable to a romantic partner (i.e., partner-ideals). Participants were 114 heterosexual undergraduate students (57 women and 57 men) from a northeastern U.S. university. The study used a 2 (Participant Gender) × 2 (Virtual Environment: Sexualized vs. Non-Sexualized) between-subjects design. We predicted t...
Source: Sex Roles - August 14, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Gender-Biased Attitudes and Attributions Among Young Italian Children: Relation to Peer Dyadic Interaction
Abstract In the present study, we examined gender-based social cognitions (i.e., global liking and trait attributions) related to observed dyadic peer interactions with same- and other-gender peers in a sample of young children from a large city in central Italy (N = 151; M age = 56.54 months). A multi-method procedure was used including observations of naturally occurring peer interactions and child reports of gender cognitions. Results showed that children interacted more in same-gender dyads than in other-gender dyads (i.e., gender segregation) and viewed same-gender peers more ...
Source: Sex Roles - August 14, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Feminism is Now: Fighting Modern Misogyny and the Myth of the Post-Feminist Era
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Source: Sex Roles - August 14, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Exploring Women’s, Trans*, and Queer BDSM Subcultures
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Source: Sex Roles - August 13, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Diversity within Women of Color: Why Experiences Change Felt Stigma
Abstract This commentary offers additional considerations for better understanding and studying how women of color detect and respond to prejudice in the United States. Building on the thoughts raised by Remedios and Snyder (2015), we highlight the importance of considering the socio-cultural and historic factors that differentially impact how sub-groups of women of color are perceived. Rather than generalizing work on stigma and discrimination across the diverse group of women of color, we discuss the importance and benefits of examining subgroups individually. In this commentary therefore, we pose research quest...
Source: Sex Roles - August 12, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Women Coming of Age
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Source: Sex Roles - August 12, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Women in STEM Careers: What is Working Well
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Source: Sex Roles - August 12, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research