Treatment of women with heavy menstrual bleeding: results of a prospective cohort study alongside a randomised controlled trial
The objective of this study was to compare the reintervention rate of women who opted for treatment with the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) to women who opted for endometrial ablation. Furthermore, the difference in reintervention rate between women in this observational cohort and women who were randomised was compared, with the hypothesis that women who actively decide on treatment have lower reintervention rates compared to women in a RCT. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - December 1, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Pleun Beelen, Marleen G.A.M. van der Velde, Malou C. Herman, Peggy M. Geomini, Marian J. van den Brink, Ruben G. Duijnhoven, Marlies Y. Bongers Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Maternal, fetal and neonatal outcomes of large series of SARS-CoV-2 positive pregnancies in peripartum period: a single-center prospective comparative study
To describe the proportions of asymptomatic, mild and severe diseases in infected pregnant women admitted for delivery. To compare maternal, fetal and neonatal outcomes of SARS-CoV-2 infected pregnant women with those of non-infected patients. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 30, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Najeh Hcini, Fatma Maamri, Olivier Picone, Jean-Francois Carod, V éronique Lambert, Meredith Mathieu, Gabriel Carles, Léo Pomar Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) universal screening in gravids during delivery
To screen pregnant women at risk of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection during delivery using reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) test and serum immunoglobulin (Ig) testing. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 30, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Ricardo Savir ón-Cornudella, Ana Villalba, Javier Zapardiel, Mercedes Andeyro-Garcia, Luis M. Esteban, Faustino R. Pérez-López Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Efficacy of simvastatin plus metformin for polycystic ovary syndrome: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
The efficacy of simvastatin plus metformin to treat polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) remained controversial. Therefore, we conducted this meta-analysis to explore the influence of simvastatin plus metformin versus metformin monotherapy on the treatment of PCOS. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 30, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Jie Meng, Yingjun Zhu Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Conservative treatment in non-tubal ectopic pregnancy and predictors of treatment failure
To find possible predictive factors to predict the failure of conservative treatment of non-tubal ectopic pregnancy. For that purpose, we assessed the rate of failure, complications and need for additional interventions of the different primary treatment regimens in non-tubal ectopic pregnancies that occurred in our center. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 29, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Ekaterina Nedopekina, Silvia Escura, Teresa Cobo, Stefan Rocco Hansson, Josep Maria Martinez, Francesc Figueras, Marta L ópez Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Short Statured Primigravidae: Options for the Obstetric management from a survey of UK obstetricians
The Montgomery ruling by the Supreme Court in the UK, 2015 established a new legal standard in clinical decision making and informed consent [1]. Doctors must ensure patients are aware of any material risks i.e. how that risk, should it arise, affects the individual patient, and that they should be informed of alternative management and treatment. This is similar to jurisdictions in other countries including Europe, Canada, Australia and Singapore [2]. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 27, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: S. Rachaneni, I. Gurol-Urganci, M. Basu, R. Thakar, A. Sultan, R. Freeman Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

A rare malignant transformation of endometriosis
A 48-year-old female was admitted to our hospital with worsening anal heaviness, distension and dull pain in the lower abdomen for 4 months, and abnormal defaecation for 10 days. Bilateral ovarian endometriosis cyst excision had been performed 9 years previously. Physical examination revealed: (i) an obviously thickened and contracted right sacro-iliac ligament in nodular shape with a size of ∼4*4 cm2, protruding to the right pelvic wall; and (ii) a touchable mass of ∼8*7 cm2 within the rectovaginal septum, compressing the vagina forwards and the rectum backwards. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology...
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 27, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Jin-Ling Zhang, De-Feng Li, Di-Ying Li, Li-Guo Ma Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Obstetric Forceps Dimensions and the Newborn Head Biometry: Time for an Update
Obstetric forceps were invented in the 1600s to assist vaginal delivery of term babies following prolonged labour. This probably explains their design, with a narrow interblade distance and long blade length, to fit a severely moulded fetal head. However, in modern obstetric practice protracted labour is avoided, yet our research has shown that over 400 years forceps dimensions have remained largely unchanged. We believe it is time to optimise these dimensions based on biometry of the term, newborn baby ’s head, with the head width (biparietal diameter) and head length (mentovertical diameter) correlating with interb...
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 25, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Abdul-Qader T. Ismail, Anne Fritze, Mario R üdiger, Khaled M. Ismail Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Intrapartum rupture of the rectovaginal septum with transanal fetal hand delivery and intact anal sphyncter
isolated obstetric (intrapartum) rupture of the rectovaginal septum (RRVS) and intact anal sphyncter complex (major „buttonhole “tears) with childbirth or body parts through the rupture is an extremely rare clinical condition. Pathological presentation or malposition, assisted childbirth, primiparous or multiparity, protracted childbirth, injuries, inflammation or surgery on the posterior wall of the vagina a re risk factors for complex soft birth canal ruptures [1–4]. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 25, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Habek Dubravko, Pavokovi ć Dino, Tupek Tvrtko Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

The impact of major depressive disorder and antidepressant medication before and during pregnancy on obstetric and neonatal outcomes; a nationwide population-based study
Depression affects around 10-15% of all pregnant women [1] and an increasing number of pregnant women are treated with antidepressant medication [2]. Around five percent of pregnant women in the Nordic countries use antidepressant medication [3] and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the most common drugs [4]. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 25, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Emelie Wolgast, Caroline Lilliecreutz, Gunilla Sydsj ö, Marie Bladh, Ann Josefsson Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Background incidence rates of adverse pregnancy outcomes in the Netherlands; data of 2006-2018
Infants too young to be vaccinated depend on maternal antibodies for protection against infectious diseases, such as pertussis. These infants are at increased risk of severe pertussis complications, leading to hospitalisation and sometimes even death [1 –4]. During pregnancy, IgG-antibodies, produced in the mother after infection or immunisation, then transferred to the fetus through the placenta. Recent studies show that an early-second-trimester tetanus, diphtheria and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccination significantly increases pertussis-spe cific antibodies in term and preterm infants compared to third-trimeste...
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 25, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Maarten M. Immink, Sanne Koole, Mireille N. Bekker, Floris Groenendaal, Jeanet M. Kemmeren, Hester E. de Melker, Nicoline A.T. van der Maas Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

The psychological burden of routine prenatal ultrasound on women ’s state anxiety across the three trimesters of pregnancy
Although obstetric ultrasound examination has recognizable clinical and psychological benefits, it also involves some psychological burdens, mainly in terms of the woman ’s state anxiety, the level of which can change during pregnancy. This research aimed to study the influence of routine ultrasound examination on the woman’s state anxiety and its relation with her personality background in the three trimesters of pregnancy. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 25, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Businelli Caterina, Bembich Stefano, Vecchiet Cristina, Cortivo Caterina, Norcio Alessia, Risso Francesco Maria, Quadrifoglio Mariachiara, Stampalija Tamara Source Type: research

Auscultating with personal protective equipment (PPE) during COVID-19 pandemic – Challenges and solutions
Ever since the COVID-19 outbreak was reported in December 2019, the standard of precautions to be followed by healthcare workers (HCW) to avoid exposure has continuously evolved. As COVID-19 spreads via respiratory droplets and aerosols from infected person and also through contaminated fomites, wearing personal protective equipment (PPE) has become the essential method of preventing infection among HCWs across the world [1]. PPE includes items such as gloves, goggles, faceshields, N-95 masks, hoods, shoe-covers, and full body suits or gowns. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 24, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Thirunavukkarasu Arun Babu, Vijayan Sharmila Source Type: research

Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy and pregnancy outcomes: a systematic review
Obesity is a chronic disease that presents a significant prevalence among women within childbearing age. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is a widely used method for the treatment of obesity. Several studies have examined this operation ’s impact on pregnancy outcomes with contradictory results. The aim of this systematic review was to examine the maternal and neonatal outcomes following LSG.The electronic databases of MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Scopus as well as grey literature from incept ion to December 2019 were systematically reviewed. (Source: European Journal of Obs...
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 24, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Chatzistergiou T. Konstantinos, Zervaki D. Styliani, Derouich Mohamed, Lazzati Andrea Tags: Review article Source Type: research

A novel non-antimicrobial treatment of bacterial vaginosis: an open label two-private centre study
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the most common cause of vaginal discharge. It is caused by an imbalance in the normal vaginal microbiota. Symptoms include an offensive odour. Standard oral or vaginal antimicrobial treatments have high immediate cure rates but almost as high recurrence rates. pHyph, a vaginal pessary, contains glucono-delta-lactone (GDL) and sodium gluconate (NaG) which restore normal pH and disrupt the associated biofilm. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 24, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Harriett C. Latham-Cork, Kate F. Walker, Jim G. Thornton, Omar Sigurvin Gunnarsson, Annette S äfholm, Monika Cardell, Helena Strevens Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Evaluation of the Anopress ® device in assessment of obstetric anal sphincter injuries in a specialist urogynaecology service
Obstetric anal sphincter injuries remain an important cause of faecal incontinence in women (1,2). Postnatal follow up of these women in specialist perineal clinics with access to endoanal ultrasound and anal manometry is recommended by the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RCOG), depending on available local resources (3). This is not only useful to assess and treat their symptoms if any, but can also aid in decisions regarding mode of delivery in future pregnancies. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 24, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Lakshmi Godbole, Chintamani Godbole, Supriya Bulchandani Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Auscultating with Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) during COVID-19 Pandemic - Challenges and solutions
Ever since the COVID-19 outbreak was reported in December 2019, the standard of precautions to be followed by healthcare workers (HCW) to avoid exposure has continuously evolved. As COVID-19 spreads via respiratory droplets and aerosols from infected person and also through contaminated fomites, wearing personal protective equipment (PPE) has become the essential method of preventing infection among HCWs across the world [1]. PPE includes items such as gloves, goggles, faceshields, N-95 masks, hoods, shoe-covers, and full body suits or gowns. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 24, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Thirunavukkarasu Arun Babu, Vijayan Sharmila Source Type: research

Obesity and Visceral Fat: Survival Impact in High-Grade Endometrial Cancer
Obesity is an important risk factor for the development of endometrial cancer (EC). Recent data showed that body fat distribution might be more relevant than Body Mass Index (BMI). High visceral fat percentage was shown to be an independent predictor for survival in EC, but mainly included grade 1-2 EC. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 21, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Hannah Donkers, Kristine E. Fasmer, John Mcgrane, Johanna M.A. Pijnenborg, Ruud Bekkers, Ingfrid S. Haldorsen, Khadra Galaal Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Re: Hormonal treatment isolated versus hormonal treatment associated with electrotherapy for pelvic pain control in deep endometriosis: Randomized clinical trial
We read with great interest the recent study by Mira et al. evaluating hormonal interventions with and without electrotherapy for the treatment of pain associated with endometriosis [1].We understand the importance of this research to inform our clinical practice and extend our gratitude to the researchers, the women who participated in the study, and the research funder. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 21, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Martin Hirsch, James M.N. Duffy, Cindy M. Farquhar, On behalf of endo:outcomes an international collaboration harmonising outcomes and outcome measures for endometriosis research Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Role of ante-partum ultrasound in predicting vaginal birth after cesarean section: a prospective cohort study
Vaginal birth after caesarean delivery is associated with better outcomes compared to repeat caesarean section. Accurate antenatal risk stratification of women undergoing a trial of labor after caesarean section is crucial in order to maximize perinatal and maternal outcomes. The primary aim of this study was to explore the role of antepartum ultrasound in predicting the probability of vaginal birth in women attempting trial of labor; the secondary aim was to build a multiparametric prediction model including pregnancy and ultrasound characteristics able to predict vaginal birth and compare its diagnostic performance with ...
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 21, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Giuseppe Rizzo, Victoria Bitsadze, Jamilya Khizroeva, Ilenia Mappa, Alexander Makatsariya, Marco Liberati, Francesco D ’Antonio Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Longitudinal assessment of ventricular strain, Tricuspid and Mitral Annular Plane Systolic Excursion (TAPSE and MAPSE) in fetuses from pregnancies complicated by diabetes mellitus
To evaluate fetal cardiac function using myocardial deformation analyses, tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE), mitral annular plane systolic excursion (MAPSE) and diastolic function parameters in pregnancies complicated by maternal diabetes mellitus. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 20, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Alison Lee-Tannock, Karen Hay, Alex Gooi, Sailesh Kumar Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Assessing measures of aspirin adherence in pregnancy: secondary analysis of the TEST Randomized Controlled Trial
Further to the publication from Navaratnam K, et al. How important is aspirin adherence when evaluating effectiveness of low-dose aspirin?1 within the journal we wished to share our recent findings in this area. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 20, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Fionnuala MONE, Cecilia Mulcahy, Kate Navaratnam, Marie M. Phelan, Fionnuala Breathnach, Ana ALFIREVIC, Fionnuala M. McAULIFFE FRCOG Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Borderline Ovarian Tumors: Guidelines from the French National College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (CNGOF)
It is recommended to classify Borderline Ovarian Tumors (BOTs) according to the WHO classification. Transvaginal and suprapubic ultrasonography are recommended for the analysis of an ovarian mass (Grade A). In case of an undetermined ovarian lesion on ultrasonography, it is recommended to perform a pelvic MRI (Grade A) with a score for malignancy (ADNEX MR/O-RADS) (Grade C) included in the report and to formulate a histological hypothesis (Grade C). Pelvic MRI is recommended to characterize a tumor suspected of being BOT (Grade C). (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 20, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: N. Bourdel, C. Huchon, C. Abdel Wahab, H. Aza ïs, S. Bendifallah, P.A. Bolze, J.L. Brun, G. Canlorbe, P. Chauvet, E. Chereau, B. Courbiere, T. De La Motte Rouge, M. Devouassoux-Shisheboran, C. Eymerit-Morin, R. Fauvet, E. Gauroy, T. Gauthier, M. Grynberg Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Maternal effects induced by oral digoxin during treatment of fetal tachyarrhythmia: case series and literature review
The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of maternal complications derived from digoxin treatment and its relationship with digoxinemia, as well as its occurrence in relation to the different treatment doses and therapeutic schemes used. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 20, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Ángel Chimenea, Lutgardo García-Díaz, Ana Méndez, Guillermo Antiñolo Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Impact of ultrasound guided training in the diagnosis of the fetal head position during labor: a prospective observational study
Intrapartum assessment of fetal head position has been traditionally performed by transvaginal digital examination (1). The accurate determination of this parameter is of major relevance in the management of labor in women with slow progression, because fetal head malposition is associated with a higher risk of operative vaginal delivery, cesarean delivery and maternal or perinatal morbidity (2). (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 19, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Ruben Ramirez Zegarra, Elvira di Pasquo, Andrea Dall ’Asta, Monica Minopoli, Giulia Armano, Stefania Fieni, Tiziana Frusca, Tullio Ghi Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Obstetric outcomes after uterus-sparing surgery for uterine prolapse: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Up-to-date there are no guidelines about uterus-sparing prolapse repair procedures for women desiring childbearing. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to evaluate obstetrical outcomes after uterus-sparing apical prolapse repair in terms of pregnancy rate, obstetrical adverse outcomes and delivery mode according to the type of procedure. To identify potentially eligible studies, we searched PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane Library and ISI Web of Science (up to April 15, 2020). Case reports, reviews, letters to Editor, book chapters, guidelines, Cochrane reviews, and expert opinions were excluded. (Source: European Journa...
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 19, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Marta Barba, Gabriella Schivardi, Stefano Manodoro, Matteo Frigerio Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Viral Hepatitis in pregnancy
The global prevalence of viral hepatitis is very high and seems to be rising over the years. The infection can profoundly affect pregnant women causing significant maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality with some strains much worse than others.Hepatitis A (HAV) and E (HEV) which are transmitted mainly through the faecal-oral route present as acute hepatitis during pregnancy and are responsible for most local epidemic outbreaks. HAV infection remains self-limiting during pregnancy, while HEV has a higher prevalence and causes significant morbidity. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 19, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Victor N. Chilaka, Justin C. Konje Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

A review of stillbirth definitions; a rationale for change
Stillbirth definitions vary between countries around the globe. The purpose of this paper was to explore stillbirth definitions used by high income countries around the world, specifically compared to Ireland, their stillbirth and mortality rates and to examine how these rates are influenced by standards of care, especially resuscitation efforts within the delivery room for very preterm infants.A literature review was performed using PubMed, Academic Search Complete, MEDLINE, and CINAHL. These databases were searched with the terms “(stillbirth OR still birth OR stillborn) AND (definition OR registration OR registry)...
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 18, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Kristin Kelly, Sarah Meaney, Sara Leitao, Keelin O ’Donoghue Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Laboratory parameters as predictors of prognosis in uterine cervical neoplasia
The aims of study were toassess platelet counts, neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), RWD (red cells distribution width) and fasting glucose in patients with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and invasive cervical cancer; and to relate these parameters to prognostic factors and survival in cervical cancer. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 18, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Patr ícia Santos Vaz de Lima, Priscila Thais Silva Mantoani, Eddie Fernando Candido Murta, Rosekeila Simões Nomelini Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Potential incorporation of novel cervical impedance spectroscopy assessment into existing clinical algorithms for predicting preterm birth
The QUiPP app (Quantitative Instrument for the Prediction of Preterm birth) is increasingly being adopted by UK clinicians managing women at risk of preterm birth (PTB). Current guidance acknowledges the utility it may offer in providing individualised risk assessments to women [1]. Clear information regarding the development and validation of the underlying algorithm is available [2], and research investigating its impact on the care of symptomatic women is ongoing. However, there is some debate regarding how the app might best be employed when managing high risk asymptomatic women [3]. (Source: European Journal of Obstet...
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 17, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Victoria Stern, Dilly Anumba Source Type: research

“Letter to the Editor” with regard to the manuscript: A comparison of two intravesical bladder instillations for interstitial cystitis/Bladder Pain Syndrome (doi.org/10.1016/j.ejogrb.2020.10.060)
we read with thoroughly interest a recently published a multicentre collaborative study by Keane et al regarding hyaluronic acid (HA) and chondroitin sulfate (CS) (Ialuril ®) intravesical instillation for Bladder Pain Syndrome/Interstitial Cystitis (BPS/IC) treatment (A comparison of two intravesical bladder instillations for interstitial cystitis/Bladder Pain Syndrome. EJOGRB doi.org/10.1016/j.ejogrb.2020.10.060). Our interest on the paper is led also by the hypothe sis that BPS/IC and Overactive Bladder (OAB) may share a common pathogenesis, as reported [1,2]. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and ...
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 17, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Vincenzo Li Marzi, Simone Morselli, Michele Meschia, Maurizio Serati, Sergio Serni, on behalf of the Italian Society of Urodynamics (SIUD) Source Type: research

Office hysteroscopic myomectomy without myoma extraction: a multicenter prospective study
To evaluate the feasibility and safety of leaving the submucous myoma (SM) in the uterine cavity after office hysteroscopic enucleation. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 17, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Tanvir Tanvir, Garzon Simone, Alonso Pacheco Luis, Lopez Yarto Maite, Rios Mar, Stamenov Georgi, Moratalla Enrique, Shokeir Tarek, Adel Sedrati, Mikulasek Lubomir, Simone Lagan à Antonio, Haimovich Sergio Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Efficacy and safety of transvaginal high-intensity focused ultrasound therapy in women with symptomatic uterine leiomyomas: a clinical trial
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of transvaginal high-intensity focused ultrasound (vHIFU) therapy in women with symptomatic uterine leiomyomas. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 17, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Jae Young Lee, Kidong Kim, Sung Il Hwang, Maria Lee, Keonho Son, Daeseung Kim, Sun Kim, Yong Beom Kim Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Uterine tumor resembling ovarian sex-cord tumor: conservative surgery with successful delivery and case series
Uterine tumor resembling ovarian sex-cord tumor (UTROSCT) is a rare distinct cancer included in the current World Health Organization classification of endometrial stromal tumors. A battery of immunohistochemical markers are necessary for accurate diagnosis.Although few case reports and case series have been documented and therefore providing robust prognostic information several authors agree to consider UTROSCT as a low malignant potential tumour. In literature only five cases of conservative management were reported. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 16, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Maria Vittoria Carbone, Anna Franca Cavaliere, Camilla Fedele, Annalisa Vidiri, Damiano Aciuolo, Gianfranco Zannoni, Giovanni Scambia Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Cesarean section complications according to degree of emergency during labour
Evaluate the complications rate of cesarean section delivery based on degree of labour emergency. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 16, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: A. Grabarz, L. Ghesqui ère, V. Debarge, N. Ramdane, V. Delporte, S. Bodart, P. Deruelle, D. Subtil, C. Garabedian Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

A new scoring and staging system for acute cervical insufficiency based on physical and sonographic examination
Acute cervical insufficiency accounts for 10-25% of all mid-trimester pregnancy losses. However, the definition and description for degree of acute cervical insufficiency were obscure and different among the many studies. The aim of this study was to suggest a new 4-digit diagnostic system and evaluate the outcome according to the new system in women with acute cervical insufficiency. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 15, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Jee Yoon Park, Kyung Joon Oh, Sukjeong Lee, Nam-Kyeong Kim, Young-Eun Lee, Ye Hyon Park, Joon-Seok Hong Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Prenatal diagnosis of interruption of the aortic arch or aortic isthmus atresia, a case report
Dear Editor, we describe a case of sonographic diagnosis of Interruption of the aortic arch (IAA) at 15 weeks of gestation, followed by a pathological diagnosis of Aortic Isthmus Atresia (AIA). Interruption of the aortic arch (IAA) is a rare, severe congenital heart anomaly defined as the loss of continuity between the ascending and descending aorta in which the distal aortic circulation is supplied by a patent ductus arteriosus. IAA is subtyped by the anatomic location of the interrupted part, relative to the brachiocephalic arteries arising from the aortic arch. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 13, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Ola Gutzeit, Roee Iluz, Dikla Ben Zvi, Sandro Egenburg, Moshe Bronshtein, Ayala Gover Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

A systematic review and meta-analysis of hormone receptor expression in low-grade serous ovarian carcinoma
Serous ovarian carcinoma is the most common histological type of ovarian cancer, with high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma (HGSOC) being more common than low-grade serous ovarian carcinoma (LGSOC). Despite pathogenic and clinical differences, both grades of serous ovarian carcinoma share the propensity to express receptors for the female hormones – oestrogen (ERs) and progesterone receptors (PRs) – albeit in differing frequencies. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 13, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: I.A. Voutsadakis Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Management of borderline ovarian tumours during pregnancy: Results of a French multi-centre study
To assess the diagnostic and prognostic characteristics of borderline ovarian tumours (BOTs) detected during pregnancy, and to establish an inventory of French practices. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 13, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: M. Zilliox, L. Lecointre, H. Azais, M. Ballester, S. Bendifallah, P.A. Bolze, N. Bourdel, A. Bricou, G. Canlorbe, X. Carcopino, P. Chauvet, P. Collinet, C. Coutant, Y. Dabi, L. Dion, T. Gauthier, O. Graesslin, C. Huchon, M. Koskas, V. Lavoue, M. Mezzadri, Source Type: research

External cephalic version: predictors of success and influence on caesarean rates
To evaluate the success rate of external cephalic version, predictive factors for success of this maneuver and to examine how it affects mode of delivery, pregnancy and neonatal outcome rates. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 13, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Susana Correia Costa, Maria In ês Raposo, Ana Paula Machado, Carla Ramalho, Diogo Ayres-de-Campos, Nuno Montenegro Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Maternal and perinatal outcomes in pregnant women infected by SARS-CoV-2: A meta-analysis
COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) is an emerging infectious disease, first reported in Wuhan, Hubei region, Canhina, in December 2019[1]. It is caused by the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2) which is a single-stranded RNA virus, subgenus Sarbecovirus of the genus Betacoronavirus, probably originated from bats[2]. COVID-19 rapidly triggered a global health emergency alert and spread to numerous countries, causing the WHO to announce the start of a new pandemic on 12 March 2020[3]. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 13, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Ioannis Bellos, Aakash Pandita, Raffaella Panza Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Effect of preeclampsia and its severity on maternal serum NGAL and KIM-1 levels during pregnancy and the post-pregnancy period
The purpose of this trial was to appraise the effects of preeclampsia and its intensity on maternal serum neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) and kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) levels during pregnancy and the post-pregnancy period. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 13, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Merve Vural Yalman, Yusuf Madendag, Erdem Sahin, Ilknur Col Madendag, Mefkure Eraslan Sahin, Gokhan Acmaz, Fatma Ozdemir, Sabahattin Muhtaroglu, Iptisam Ipek Muderris Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Blood type and postpartum hemorrhage by mode of delivery: a retrospective cohort study
To assess the relationship between postpartum hemorrhage and ABO blood type for vaginal delivery and cesarean delivery. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 13, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Julia E Burd, Johanna A Quist-Nelson, Sara E Edwards, Anju B Suhag, Vincenzo P Berghella, J. Biba Nijjar Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Signs suggestive of congenital SARS-CoV-2 infection with intrauterine fetal death: a case report
We found signs suggestive of congenital severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection ending in stillbirth in an asymptomatic pregnant woman with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 13, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: M.L. Rodrigues, G. Gasparinho, F. Sep úlveda, T. Matos Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

HIV in Pregnancy – an update
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is an infection with a global prevalence and currently no cure or vaccine. Women living with HIV who become pregnant or who acquire the virus during pregnancy are at risk of both maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality mainly if the virus is poorly controlled. Furthermore, there is a risk of vertical transmission to the fetus during pregnancy labour and postpartum through breastfeeding.Appropriate management must be instituted to reduce the consequences of HIV in pregnancy, ideally starting with preconception counselling and planning pregnancies when the viral load is minimum. (Sou...
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 12, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Victor N. Chilaka, Justin C. Konje Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Outcome of cesarean scar pregnancy according to gestational age at diagnosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis
The association between the most severe types of placenta accreta spectrum disorders and caesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) poses the question of whether early diagnosis may impact the clinical outcome of these anomalies. The aim of this study is to report the outcome of cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) diagnosed in the early ( ≤9 weeks) versus late (>9 weeks) first trimester of pregnancy. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 12, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Ilan Timor-Tritsch, Danilo Buca, Daniele Di Mascio, Giuseppe Cali, Alice D ’Amico, Ana Monteagudo, Sara Tinari, Maddalena Morlando, Luigi Nappi, Pantaleo Greco, Giuseppe Rizzo, Marco Liberati, Jose-Palacios-Jaraquemada, Francesco D’Antonio Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Antenatal awareness and obstetric outcomes in large fetuses: A retrospective evaluation
(Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 11, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Maja Dodd, Pelle G. Lindqvist Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Laparoscopic emergency cervicoisthmic cerclage in second trimester of pregnancy: A case series report
The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and safety of Laparoscopic emergency cervicoisthmic cerclage in second trimester of pregnancy. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 11, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Andreas Kavallaris, Antonios Gkoutzioulis, Dimitrios Zygouris Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Cesarean Myomectomy in the last ten years; a true shift from contraindication to indication: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Uterine leiomyomas are the most common benign tumors of the uterus occurring in the women of middle age group after 35 years [1]. With increasing incidence of delayed childbearing in advancing age, there have been rising trends of pregnancy complicated with fibroid uterus [2]. Moreover, the increase in the rate of cesarean section (CS) also has led to increased confrontation of myomas during cesarean delivery by obstetricians [3]. Fibroid complicates pregnancy by posing a higher risk of abortion, second-trimester loss, preterm birth, malpresentation, and cesarean section [4]. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gyneco...
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 11, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Manu Goyal, Ayman Shehata Dawood, Shereen B. Elbohoty, Ahmed M. Abbas, Pratibha Singh, Nitesh Melana, Surjit Singh Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Number of prior vaginal deliveries and trial of labor after cesarean success
The recently reported rate of primary cesarean deliveries (CDs) was 26% in 2017(1, 2). Women attempting trial of labor after CD (TOLAC) are at increased risk of several adverse outcomes, of which uterine rupture is particularly concerning (3). (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - November 11, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Ohad Atia, Reut Rotem, Orna Reichman, Arie Jaffe, Sorina Grisaru-Granovsky, Hen Y. Sela, Misgav Rottenstreich Tags: Full length article Source Type: research