Intrauterine insemination (IUI) with or without letrozole for unexplained or mild male factor infertility: a randomized pilot study
To study the feasibility of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) comparing intrauterine insemination (IUI) with and without letrozole in couples with unexplained or mild male factor infertility (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - May 15, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Shuo Huang, Rui Wang, Hongmei Yan, Nannan Li, Haiyan Wang, Li Luo, Lina Wang, Robert J. Norman, Rong Li, Jie Qiao, Ben Willem J. Mol Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Body mass index and adverse outcomes among singletons with cerclage
(Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - May 15, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Angela J. Stephens, Han-Yang Chen, Suneet P. Chauhan, Baha M. Sibai Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Obesity, an independent predictor of pre and postoperative tumor grading disagreement in endometrial cancer
Obesity is a known independent risk factor for endometrial cancer (EC), and obese patients have a 4.7-fold increased risk compared to the general population to develop the neoplasm. To date, a general pre and postoperative tumor grading agreement from 53% to 82% is reported for endometrial analysis, and a consensus on which factors might influence the tumor grading discordance is still absent.Furthermore, although obesity alters the endometrial microenvironment, no studies investigated the role of obesity in the grading agreement of EC patients. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - May 15, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Vito Andrea Capozzi, Luciano Monfardini, Giulio Sozzi, Diana Butera, Giulia Armano, Matteo Ricc ò, Giordano Giovanna, Roberto Berretta Source Type: research

EBCOG position statement on COVID-19 vaccination for pregnant and breastfeeding women
Covid 19 pandemic has led to significant mortality and long term morbidity globally. Pregnant women are at increased risk of severe illness from COVID 19 infection. There is an urgent need for all health authorities and Governments to offer vaccination to all pregnant women especially those with high risk pregnancy. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - May 14, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: In ês Martins, Frank Louwen, Diogo Ayres-de- Campos, Tahir Mahmood Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Exploring the reporting standards of RCTs involving invasive procedures for assisted vaginal birth: a systematic review
Assisted vaginal birth (AVB) is an invasive procedure that, in skilled hands, can markedly improve maternal and neonatal outcomes arising from complications in the second stage of labour [1]. Typically, AVB involves the use of devices such as forceps or ventouse and, more recently, new devices [2]. Well-designed randomised controlled trials (RCTs) are essential for assessing the effectiveness of invasive procedures such as AVB, thereby enabling clinicians to make evidence-based decisions about whether to introduce them in routine practice. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - May 14, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Emily J. Hotton, Sophie Renwick, Erik Lenguerrand, Julia Wade, Tim J. Draycott, Joanna F. Crofts, Natalie S. Blencowe Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Ultrasound diagnosis of infections in Pregnancy
Pregnancy is a unique period in which several changes occur in the mother, to ensure that the semiallograft fetus is not rejected. Some of these changes decrease the immunity of the mother to infections. As such, some infections in pregnancy which may not ordinarily cause severe symptoms can be more severe in the mother and importantly some of these infections pose a danger to the fetus either directly or indirectly. In dealing with infections in pregnancy, attention should focus on both the consequences of the infection on the mother as well as in the fetus. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - May 14, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Mariam Al Beloushi, Karim Kalache, Badreldeen Ahmed, Justin C. Konje Source Type: research

Evaluation of sensitivity profiles to fosfomycin in bacterial urine samples from outpatients
To evaluate and compare the susceptibilities of bacteria found in outpatient cultures to fosfomycin and other main antibiotics commonly available in clinical practice. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - May 13, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Rafael C Lima, Carlos A Faria, Jos é C Carraro-Eduardo, Pedro S Morales, Ana Beatriz M Fonseca Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Follow-up of patients after colpectomy or Le Fort colpocleisis: single center experience
As the population ages, obliterative procedures (OP) are expected to become an increasingly important treatment option. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate vaginal and urinary symptoms 3 months after OP and peri- and postoperative complications. The secondary aim was to investigate long-term outcomes, including patient satisfaction, regret rate and the rate of symptomatic recurrent prolapse after OP. Another secondary aim was to evaluate the feasibility of performing OP under local anesthesia (LA) as increasingly more operations are performed under LA. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - May 13, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Aiste Ugianskiene, Karin Glavind Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Reducing the Cesarean Delivery Rate
The cesarean delivery rate has been rising in recent years, having associated maternal morbidities. Elective induction of labor has also been seen to rise during this same time period. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - May 13, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Elliot M. Levine, Leah N. Delfinado, Stephen Locher, Norman A. Ginsberg Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Midwife annual delivery workload and maternal and neonatal adverse outcomes, is there an association?
The role of the midwife during labor and delivery varies greatly around the world [1] and the appropriate model of maternity care is a matter of debate [2]. While in some countries physicians are the primary care providers, there are countries where the model of "midwifery continuity of care" prevails [2 –5]. In North-America, the most prevalent and typical model of maternity care is a medically led system with varying levels of midwifery input, referred to as "shared model of care" [2]. According to a Cochrane review, women in the midwife led continuity of care model as oppose to other models of ...
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - May 13, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Misgav Rottenstreich, Reut Rotem, Pnina Mor, Orna Reichman, Amihai Rottenstreich, Sorina Grisaru-Granovsky, Hen Y. Sela Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Novel Scoring System for Determining Fetal Candidacy for Prenatal Intervention for Severe Congenital Lower Urinary Tract Obstruction
To evaluate a novel scoring system that combines several prenatal parameters for selecting ideal candidates for fetal intervention, and for predicting postnatal survival in patients with severe fetal lower urinary tract obstruction (LUTO). (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - May 11, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Ahmed A. Nassr, Hadi Erfani, Jimmy Espinoza, Magdalena Sanz Cortes, Roopali Donepudi, Chester J. Koh, David R. Roth, Michael C. Braun, Joseph R. Angelo, Michael A. Belfort, Alireza A. Shamshirsaz Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Influence of pretreatment of insulin on the phosphorylation of extracellular receptor kinase by gonadotropin-releasing hormone and gonadotropins in cultured human granulosa cells
Mammalian reproductive function is regulated by the gonadotropic glycoprotein hormones, namely, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH), which are synthesized by and released from the anterior pituitary in response to pulsatile secretion of the hypothalamic gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH). FSH and LH bind to specific G-protein-coupled receptors in the ovary to regulate folliculogenesis, ovarian steroid production, oocyte maturation, ovulation, and corpus luteum formation [1]. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - May 11, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Yu Ri Ko, Ju Hee Kim, Sa Ra Lee, Sung Hoon Kim, Hee Dong Chae Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Aspirin for preventing adverse outcomes in low risk nulliparous women with singleton pregnancies: a systematic review and meta-analysis
To assess the effects of aspirin in pregnancy for the prevention of adverse outcomes in low risk, nulliparous women with singleton pregnancies. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - May 11, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Rebecca Man, Victoria Hodgetts Morton, Pooja Devani, R. Katie Morris Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Conditioned Medium Derived from Seminal Extracellular Vesicles-Exposed Endometrial Stromal Cells Induces Inflammatory Cytokine Secretion by Macrophages
Seminal plasma (SP) contains large numbers of sub-cellular structures called extracellular vesicles (EV) which have been postulated to have immunological functions due to their bioactive contents including proteins and small non-coding RNAs. Although the response of endometrial cells to seminal EV (SEV) is recently being elucidated, the impact of these signaling vesicles on stroma-immune crosstalk is still unknown. Herein, we aimed to investigate the effect of conditioned medium (CM) derived from SEV-exposed endometrial stromal cells (eSC) on cytokine secretion by macrophages. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynec...
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - May 11, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Shahrokh Paktinat, Sahar Esfandyari, Amin Karamianc, Ameneh Koochaki, Ali Asadirad, Marefat Ghaffar Novin, Samira Mohammadi-Yeganeh, Saghar Salehpour, Seyed Mahmoud Hashemi, Hamid Nazarian Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

The association between previous induced abortion and in vitro fertilization outcomes: a retrospective cohort study in Hefei, China
To assess the association between previous induced abortion and in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcomes among Chinese women. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - May 10, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Linbing Zou, Mingyun Hong, Zhijun Dai, Jiansheng Zhu, Qingmei Peng, Weiye Wang Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Outcomes of reproduction following cesarean scar pregnancy treatment: a systematic review and meta-analysis
To explore the reproductive outcomes of women with a history of cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) and the influence of various treatments on subsequent pregnancy outcomes. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - May 9, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Jiawen Wu, Jianbin Ye, Zhenbo OuYang, Zixian Wan, Qiushi Zhang, Biting Zhong, Shiyuan Wei Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Uterine Involvement by Endometriosis: Sonographic Features from Elusive Findings to Apparent Adenomyosis
The primary aim of this study is to investigate whether there are any minor sonographic uterine findings, not typical for adenomyosis, in endometriosis patients. The secondary objective is to determine the prevalence of sonographic features of adenomyosis in an infertile population with endometriosis. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - May 9, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Safak Olgan, Enver Kerem Dirican, Arif Can Ozsipahi, Mehmet Sakinci Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

The efficacy of abdominal binders in reducing postoperative pain and distress after cesarean delivery: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
To evaluate the efficacy of abdominal binders in reducing postoperative pain, patient distress and surgical postoperative sequelae after cesarean delivery (CD). (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - May 9, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Daniele Di Mascio, Giuseppe Caruso, Giovanni Prata, Gabriele Saccone, Gianluca Terrin, Antonella Giancotti, Roberto Brunelli, Ludovico Muzii, Pierluigi Benedetti Panici, Violante Di Donato Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Comment on ‘A novel technique in the management of severe postpartum uterine atony bleeding: three vertical uterine compression sutures’
We read with great interest the article entitled ‘A novel technique in the management of severe postpartum uterine atony bleeding: three vertical uterine compression sutures’ by Ozdemir et al. [1]. They developed a novel technique for uterine compression suturing for severe diffuse atonic bleeding where three sutures are positioned vertically side-by-side. The authors have rectified the problem of the ballooned middle portion of the uterus that occurs using the Hayman technique with two vertical sutures [2]. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - May 8, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Mehmet Y ılmaz, Alper Basbug Source Type: research

Predictive models of individual risk of elective caesarean section complications: a systematic review
Antenatal discussions on risks associated with mode of birth have become paramount since the UK Montgomery v Lanarkshire Health Board (2015) ruling [1]. Consequently, to ensure legally valid consent, it is necessary to discuss all material obstetric complications ahead of the birth, whether a caesarean section (c-section) or a vaginal birth is planned. As most research focuses on complications of either elective c-section vs emergency c-section, or all c-sections vs vaginal birth, the lack of understanding of potential risk in planned birth mode has prohibited informed decision making. (Source: European Journal of Obstetri...
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - May 8, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Annes Ahmeidat, Wiktoria Julia Kotts, David J. McLernon, Mairead Black Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Acute pancreatitis in pregnancy: are gallstones and Gilbert ’s syndrome cofactors?
A 35-year-old Italian woman was referred to our emergency room at 31 weeks of gestation complaining of abdominal pain and bleeding from the genital tract. She was diagnosed with placenta previa major following an ultrasound scan on admission. After 2 days, the bleeding stopped but the abdominal pain and emesis-like symptoms got worse in the absence of uterine contractions. Serum chemistry showed an increase in serum pancreatic specific amylase (1263 IU/l); haematocrit, 32%; BUN, 2.47  mg/dl; creatinine, 0.44 mg/dl; alkaline phosphatase, 192 U/l; ALT, 108 U/l; AST, 58 U/l; total bilirubin, 4.41 mg/dl; a...
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - May 8, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Elisa Picardo, Donatella Tota, Silvia Gemmiti, Saverio Danese, Chiara Benedetto, Marco Mitidieri Source Type: research

A randomized controlled clinical trial on peripartum effects of delayed versus immediate umbilical cord clamping on term newborns
To compare the hemoglobin and serum bilirubin concentration of term newborn following delayed and immediate umbilical cord clamping. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - May 7, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Chukwuemeka Jude Ofojebe, George Uchenna Eleje, Joseph Ifeanyichukwu Ikechebelu, Boniface Chukwuneme Okpala, Binyelum Adaobi Ofojebe, Emmanuel Onyebuchi Ugwu, Emeka Philip Igbodike, Arinze Anthony Onwuegbuna, David Chibuike Ikwuka, Chidebe Christian Anikw Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Outcomes of pregnancies diagnosed with circumvallate placenta, and use of uterine artery pulsatility index and maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein for prediction of adverse outcomes
To evaluate the outcomes, and predictive value of uterine artery pulsatility index (UtA-PI) and second-trimester maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein (MSAFP) for adverse obstetric outcomes in cases with morphologically confirmed circumvallate placenta by comparison with normal pregnancies. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - May 7, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Özge Yücel Çelik, Mehmet Obut, Ayse Keles, Mine Gultekin Calık, Gulsah Dagdeviren, Aykan Yucel, Dilek Sahin Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Extragonadal Teratomas in Women and Adolescent Girls: A Systematic Review
We present two cases: 1) a parasitic omental teratoma likely secondary to auto-amputation of an ovarian teratoma with subsequent omental reimplantation and 2) an omental immature teratoma likely due to parthenogenetic activation of displaced primordial germ cells. We subsequently conduct a systematic review to characterise EGTs. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - May 6, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Abhiram Kanneganti, Poornima Bhadiraju, Pearl Shuang Ye Tong Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Pregnancy associated transient osteoporosis of the hip (PR-TOH): a non –obstetric indication to Caesarean section. A case report with literature review
Pregnancy related transient osteoporosis of the hip (PR-TOH) is a rare condition that manifests with sudden pain located in the groin region, anterior thigh and buttocks. It is a benign and in the majority of cases self-limiting disease, related to bone marrow oedema. It occurs during the third trimester of pregnancy or less frequently during the post-partum period. Hip movements are usually restricted by pain and it often becomes a non-obstetric indication for Caesarean delivery.Here, we report a case of unilateral PR-TOH diagnosed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and a literature review. (Source: European Journal of O...
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - May 5, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Paola Quaresima, Marco Angeletti, Davide Luziatelli, Sandro Luziatelli, Roberta Venturella, Costantino Di Carlo, Silvia Bernardo Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Congenital vesicovaginal fistula – A rare cause of urinary incontinence in adulthood
Urinary incontinence due to vesicovaginal fistula is an extremely distressing condition, with the most common cause of this condition in developed countries being iatrogenic injury and obstetric complications being the leading cause in developing countries. VVF due to congenital etiology is an extremely rare entity which can present both in childhood or adulthood [1,2]. While congenital VVF can occur in isolation, more commonly it coexists with urological anomalies like ectopic ureter or genital anomalies causing vaginal obstruction like distal vaginal agenesis or transverse vaginal septum, which is attributed to the close...
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - May 4, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Gaurav Kochhar, Ashwin Shekar. P, Dinesh Reddy, Ganesh Gopalakrishnan Source Type: research

The Effect of the Birth Method on Changes of the Prepartum and Postpartum Dimensions of Perineal Body
This study aimed to evaluate the effect of childbirth on perineal body dimensions by using a transperineal 2D ultrasound. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - May 4, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Gul Nihal Buyuk, Z. Asli Oskovi-Kaplan, Eda Ureyen Ozdemir, Kuntay Kokanali, Ozlem Moraloglu-Tekin Source Type: research

Ultrasound evaluation of the placenta in healthy and placental syndrome pregnancies: a systematic review
An antepartum screening method to determine normal and abnormal placental function is desirable in the prevention of maternal and fetal pregnancy complications. Placental appearance can easily be obtained and evaluated using 2D ultrasonography, but surprisingly little is known about the change in placental appearance during gestation. Aim of this systematic review was to describe the antepartum placental appearance in placenta syndrome (PS) pregnancies, and to compare this to the appearance in healthy pregnancies. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - May 4, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Veronique Schiffer, Ashlee van Haren, Lisa De Cubber, Judith Bons, Audrey Coumans, Sander MJ van Kuijk, Marc Spaanderman, Salwan Al-Nasiry Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Congenital Vesicovaginal Fistula-A Rare Cause of Urinary Incontinence in Adulthood
Urinary incontinence due to vesicovaginal fistula is an extremely distressing condition, with the most common cause of this condition in developed countries being iatrogenic injury and obstetric complications being the leading cause in developing countries. VVF due to congenital etiology is an extremely rare entity which can present both in childhood or adulthood [1,2]. While congenital VVF can occur in isolation, more commonly it coexists with urological anomalies like ectopic ureter or genital anomalies causing vaginal obstruction like distal vaginal agenesis or transverse vaginal septum, which is attributed to the close...
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - May 4, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Gaurav Kochhar, Ashwin Shekar. P, Dinesh Reddy, Ganesh Gopalakrishnan Source Type: research

Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in women with endometriosis
(Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - May 4, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Alexandra Adamietz, Alexander Boosz, Andreas Mueller, Daniela Hornung, Katharina Trunk, Matthias W. Beckmann, Ralf Dittrich, Carolin C. Hack Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Variables that prolong Total Operative Time for Robotic-Assisted Laparoscopic Myomectomy: A 10-Year Tertiary Hospital Study in Korea
(Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - May 4, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Kyung-Min Park, SoYeon Kang, Chaewon Kim, Yeji Sung, Youn-Jee Chung, JaeYen Song, Sukil Kim, Mee-Ran Kim Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Cesarean scar pregnancy: Reproductive outcome after robotic laparoscopic removal with simultaneous repair of the uterine defect
During the last decades, Cesarean delivery rates have increased to over 30% on a global scale, followed by an increase of the incidence of placenta accreta spectrum disorders, i.e. Cesarean scar pregnancies (CSP) [1 –4]. Management is based on clinical presentation; gestational week, serum β-hCG levels, imaging features, and surgeon’s preferences [5]. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - May 4, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Ellen Hofgaard, Katarina Westman, Malin Brunes, Thomas Bossmar, Jan Persson Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Disseminated Peritoneal Leiomyomatosis and Malignant Transformation: A case series in a single referral center
Uterine fibroids are the most common pelvic tumors and the most common benign tumors in women [1]. They are extremely frequent in the uterine wall (25% of reproductive-aged women and 80% of surgically removed uteri [2]), but, unlike their uterine counterparts, their presence beyond the uterus is extremely rare, and only small series or case reports are presented in literature [3 –5]. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - May 4, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Andrea Rosati, Virginia Vargiu, Giuseppe Angelico, Gian Franco Zannoni, Francesca Ciccarone, Giovanni Scambia, Francesco Fanfani Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Outcomes of second stage cesarean section following the use of a fetal head elevation device: a systematic review and meta-analysis
To explore maternal and perinatal outcomes of women undergoing full dilatation cesarean section (CS) who had compared to those who did not have application of fetal head elevation device (FHED). (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - May 1, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Raffaella Di Girolamo, Carmen Galliani, Danilo Buca, Marco Liberati, Francesco D ’Antonio Source Type: research

Influence of age on treatment and prognosis of invasive cervical cancer
Invasive cervical cancer is considered a young women ’s disease, however up to 20% of cases develop cervical cancer at advanced ages. The aim was to characterize invasive cervical cancer in women aged 65 and older assessing age-specific survival differences. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - April 30, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Gemma Mancebo, Ester Miralpeix, Josep-Maria Sol é-Sedeño, Gisela Tió, Teresa Rodrigo-Calvo, Belen Lloveras, Francesc Alameda Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Dengue in Pregnancy: Review article
Dengue is the most common viral mosquito- borne disease. It is a major public health problem, especially in tropical and sub-tropical areas worldwide. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), approximately 40% of the world ’s population (over 2.5 billion people) live in areas with high risk of contracting dengue infection. Adults of childbearing age and pregnant women are travelling more frequently to tropical areas. Therefore exposing themselves to specific arboviral infections such as dengue, which may impact ongo ing and future pregnancies. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - April 30, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Varsha Mulik, Nimra Dad, Sara Buhmaid Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Planned supracervical hysterectomy for surgical management of placenta accreta spectrum: A comparative study
(Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - April 29, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Ernesto Licon, Nicole L. Vestal, Rauvynne N. Sangara, Heather Miller, Neda Jooya, Shinya Matsuzaki, Nicole M. Bender, Elizabeth B. Sasso, Koji Matsuo Source Type: research

The transcriptomic profile of endometrial receptivity in recurrent miscarriage
To characterise the endometrial transcriptomic profiles of women who suffered recurrent miscarriage and to set the foundation for the development of an endometrial receptivity test that could predict the fate of subsequent pregnancies. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - April 29, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Laurentiu Craciunas, Oonagh Pickering, Justin Chu, Meenakshi Choudhary, Justina Žurauskienė, Arri Coomarasamy Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Multiple repeated External cephalic version (ECV), should it be offered to first successful ECV with subsequent reversion to Breech?
After we reviewed the data of the recently published article “External cephalic version - A 10-year review of practice” by Emmanuel Hakem 1 et al we wanted to add a further observation. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - April 28, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Darin Ahmed, Emmanuel Hakem, Stephen Lindow, Michael O ’Connell, Gunther von Bunau Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Factors associated with Acute Kidney Injury during delivery or the postpartum period; a case control study
To investigate the incidence of risk factors associated with acute kidney injury(AKI) occurring during the intrapartum or the immediate postpartum period. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - April 27, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Helen Coles, Philip Steer, Polly Hughes, Matthew Cauldwell Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

3d high frequency endovaginal ultrasound evaluation of urethral and pelvic morphology in stress urinary incontinence in first pregnancy
Pregnancy and delivery are thought to be associated with the development of stress urinary incontinence (SUI). While the prevalence of SUI ranges from 18.6% to 67% during pregnancy, it ranges between 7-56% after childbirth and declines within 6 months [1]. Since pregnancy and delivery are important risk factors for the SUI, exploring women during their first pregnancy can give more information about the pathophysiology of SUI [2]. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - April 27, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Hakan Peker, Berna Haliloglu Peker Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Nitrous oxide for pain management of first-trimester instrumental termination of pregnancy under local anaesthesia and/or minimal sedation: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Inhalation of nitrous oxide and oxygen (N2O/O2) is used to reduce pain that is spontaneous or induced by procedures. N2O/O2 could be useful in the treatment of the pain in first ‐trimester termination of pregnancy performed under local anaesthesia and/or minimal sedation (FTOPL). (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - April 25, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: A. Schmitt, C. Cardinale, A. Loundou, L. Miquel, A. Agostini Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Role of progesterone, cerclage and pessary in preventing preterm birth in twin pregnancies: a systematic review and network meta-analysis
Twin pregnancies are at increased risk of perinatal mortality and morbidity compared to singleton, mainly as the results of fetal anomalies, growth disorders and preterm birth (PTB)1,2. PTB is the major determinant of adverse perinatal outcome in twin pregnancies, with an estimated incidence of 59% and 11% before 37 and 32 weeks of gestation, respectively1. The large majority of PTB in twins is spontaneous, following either preterm premature rupture of membranes (PROM) or spontaneous onset of labor, although a significant proportion of these pregnancies are delivered preterm after iatrogenic obstetrical interventions for m...
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - April 24, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Francesco D ’Antonio, Vincenzo Berghella, Daniele Di Mascio, Gabriele Saccone, Filomena Sileo, Maria Elena Flacco, Anthony O. Odibo, Marco Liberati, Lamberto Manzoli, Asma Khalil Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Early term birth is associated with the risk of preterm and recurrent early term birth in women with 3 consecutive deliveries
We assessed the association of early term at first birth (ETB) with the risk of preterm birth (PTB) and ETB in women with 3 consecutive deliveries. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - April 24, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Eran Ashwal, Emmanuel Attali, Nir Melamed, Karina Krajden Haratz, Amir Aviram, Eran Hadar, Yariv Yogev, Liran Hiersch Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Effectiveness of antenatal corticosteroids at term: can we trust the data that ‘inform’ us?
Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are a cornerstone for the assessment of the effectiveness of interventions. Appropriate randomization, design and conduct that reduces the risk of bias and appropriate sample size and statistical analyses enhance the chance they will deliver true research findings.The credibility of RCTs is difficult to assess without objective evidence of compliance with Good Clinical Practice standards. Remarkably no mechanisms are in place both in the initial peer review process and during meta-analysis to assess these, and little guidance on how to assess data where research integrity cannot be confi...
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - April 24, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Ben W. Mol, Wentao Li, Shimona Lai, Sarah Stock Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Fetal lactate levels align with the stage of labour
To evaluate the association between lactate concentrations in fetal blood samples and the different advanced labour stages. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - April 24, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: K. Rajala, Arttu M önkkönen, H. Saarelainen, L. Keski-Nisula Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

The Clinical Utility of Intrapartum Screening Urinalysis for the Prevention of Postpartum Pyelonephritis
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common bacterial infection to complicate pregnancy. Medical authorities recommend screening for asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) in pregnancy; albeit there is no consensus on ideal timing and frequency for testing. Due to the persistent physiologic changes of pregnancy postpartum, a recent trend to perform urinalysis upon presentation for delivery has been adopted at our institution and various satellite hospitals to putatively minimize cases of postpartum pyelonephritis. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - April 24, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Lina El Taha, Tony Bazi, Hala Maalouf, Rima Hajjar, Yasmin Hasbini, Hala El Ouweini, Dina Chamsy Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Outcomes in intervention and management of multiple pregnancies trials: a systematic review
The prevalence of multiple pregnancy varies between 0.7% - 3.34% of women worldwide [1 –4]. Currently, 1.54% of women in England and Wales have a twin pregnancy [5], in the United States it is more than double, at 3.34% [6]. The variation is largely related to an increased use of assisted reproductive techniques, maternal age and parity leading to a rise in dizygotic, and to a lesse r extent monozygotic, twinning. Following the introduction of ovulation induction and multiple embryo transfer fertility therapies, twin pregnancy rates increased by 50% between 1975 to 2002 in England and Wales [7] and 90% in the Netherl...
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - April 23, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Nicola Farmer, Megan Hillier, Mark D. Kilby, Victoria Hodgetts-Morton, R. Katie Morris Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Meta-analysis and Systematic Review to Determine the Optimal Imaging Modality for the Detection of Bladder Deep Endometriosis
Deep endometriosis (DE) involving the urinary tract, namely the bladder, ureters and kidneys, is a rare form of DE, affecting between 19-53% of women with pelvic DE, but only 1-2% of people affected by endometriosis [1], although the incidence in all women has increased over the last few years, ranging between 0.3 to 12% [2,3]. Of urinary tract DE, bladder DE, is the most common, affecting up to 85% of cases [2]. There is a coexistence of other forms of endometriosis in up to 90% of women, thereby often presents as a complex, multifaceted disease process which can be overlooked [1,4]. (Source: European Journal of Obstetric...
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - April 22, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: B. Gerges, W. Li, M. Leonardi, B.W. Mol, G. Condous Tags: Full length article Source Type: research

Cancer during pregnancy: factors associated with termination of pregnancy and perinatal outcomes
Cancer during pregnancy is rare (about 1/1000 pregnancies) and its diagnosis raises the question of whether or not to continue the pregnancy. (Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology)
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - April 21, 2021 Category: OBGYN Authors: Mathilde Barrois, Olivia Anselem, Jean Yves Pierga, Fran çois Goldwasser, Didier Bouscary, Vivien Alessandrini, François Goffinet, Vassilis Tsatsaris Tags: Full length article Source Type: research