Single-aminoacid discrimination in proteins with homogeneous nanopore sensors and neural networks
Publication date: Available online 24 February 2021Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): David Rodriguez-Larrea (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 24, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Enantioselective SERS Sensing of Pseudoephedrine in Blood Plasma Biomatrix by Hierarchical Mesoporous Au Films Coated with a Homochiral MOF
Publication date: Available online 24 February 2021Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Olga Guselnikova, Hyunsoo Lim, Jongbeom Na, Miharu Eguchi, Hyun-Jong Kim, Roman Elashnikov, Pavel Postnikov, Vaclav Svorcik, Oleg Semyonov, Elena Miliutina, Oleksiy Lyutakov, Yusuke Yamauchi (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 24, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Fiber-crafted biofuel cell bracelet for wearable electronics
Publication date: Available online 20 February 2021Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Sijie Yin, Xiaohan Liu, Tatsuya Kaji, Yuta Nishina, Takeo Miyake (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 22, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Machine Learning-Based Cytokine Microarray Digital Immunoassay Analysis
Publication date: Available online 20 February 2021Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Yujing Song, Jingyang Zhao, Tao Cai, Andrew Stephens, Shiuan-Haur Su, Erin Sandford, Christopher Flora, Benjamin H. Singer, Monalisa Ghosh, Sung Won Choi, Muneesh Tewari, Katsuo Kurabayashi (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 22, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Laser-etched grooves for rapid fluid delivery for a paper-based chemiresistive biosensor
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2021Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Sidharth Modha, Yu Shen, Hussein Chamouni, Ashok Mulchandani, Hideaki Tsutsui (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 20, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Peptide-based electrochemical biosensors utilized for protein detection
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2021Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Veronika Vanova, Katerina Mitrevska, Vedran Milosavljevic, David Hynek, Lukas Richtera, Vojtech Adam (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 20, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Simultaneous fluorescence determination of bisphenol A and its halogenated analogs based on a molecularly imprinted paper-based analytical device and a segment detection strategy
Publication date: Available online 20 February 2021Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Lingshuai Zeng, Xiu Zhang, Xiu Wang, Danqi Cheng, Ruifang Li, Bin Han, Minmin Wu, Zhijia Zhuang, Annan Ren, Yikai Zhou, Tao Jing (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 20, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

A new molecular imprinted PEDOT glassy carbon electrode for carbamazepine detection
Publication date: Available online 20 February 2021Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): A. Hammoud, D. Chhin, D.K. Nguyen, M. Sawan (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 20, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Ultra-sensitive Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy Sensor for In-situ Monitoring of Dopamine Release Using Zipper-like Ortho-nanodimers
Publication date: Available online 18 February 2021Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Lang Li, Yang Lu, Ziting Qian, Zhaoyan Yang, Kuo Yang, Shenfei Zong, Zhuyuan Wang, Yiping Cui (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 19, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Precise Positioning of Enzymes within Hierarchical Polymer Nanostructures for Switchable Bioelectrocatalysis
Publication date: Available online 18 February 2021Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Fengjin Qu, Xiaoyan Ma, Julien E. Gautrot (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 19, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Electrochemical sensor for the assessment of carbohydrate deficient transferrin: application to diagnosis of congenital disorders of glycosilation
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2021Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Tania Sierra, Agustín G. Crevillen, Alberto Escarpa (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 19, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Novel cytosensor for accurate detection of circulating tumor cells based on a dual-recognition strategy and BSA@Ag@Ir metallic-organic nanoclusters
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2021Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Huawei Shen, Liyu Liu, Zuowei Yuan, Qian Liu, Baiying Li, Ming Zhang, Hejun Tang, Juan Zhang, Shiqiao Zhao (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 19, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Emulsion-based Isothermal Nucleic Acid Amplification for Rapid SARS-CoV-2 Detection via Angle-dependent Light Scatter Analysis
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2021Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Alexander S. Day, Tiffany-Heather Ulep, Babak Safavinia, Tyler Hertenstein, Elizabeth Budiman, Laurel Dieckhaus, Jeong-Yeol Yoon (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 19, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: 15 April 2021Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics, Volume 178Author(s): (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 19, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Nanosensors for Single Cell Mechanical Interrogation
Publication date: Available online 16 February 2021Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Xinxin Hang, Shiqi He, Zaizai Dong, Grayson Minnick, Jordan Rosenbohm, Zhou Chen, Ruiguo Yang, Lingqian Chang (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 17, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Machine Learning-Assisted Calibration of Hg2+ Sensors Based on Carbon Nanotube Field-Effect Transistors
Publication date: Available online 17 February 2021Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Long Bian, Zhunheng Wang, David L. White, Alexander Star (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 17, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Recent advances of electrochemical sensors for detecting and monitoring ROS/RNS
Publication date: Available online 11 February 2021Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Shuang Zhao, Guangchao Zang, Yuchan Zhang, Huawen Liu, Nan Wang, Shangjun Cai, Colm Durkan, Guoming Xie, Guixue Wang (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 12, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Real-time Monitoring of Aristolochic Acid I Reduction Process Using Surface-enhanced Raman Spectroscopy with DFT Simulation
Publication date: Available online 11 February 2021Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Lu Cao, Hongguang Liu, Wenjun Xie, Shumeng Jiao, Xueqiang Wu, Kaisong Yuan, Xia Zhou, Muzi Yang, Yanyan Guan, Huaihong Cai, Zhihui Lai, Jian Chen, Haibo Zhou (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 12, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Harmonic optical microfiber Bragg grating immunosensor for the accelerative test of cardiac biomarker (cTn-I)
Publication date: Available online 9 February 2021Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Yang Ran, Junqiu Long, Zhiyuan Xu, Yi Yin, Deming Hu, Xueting Long, Yongkang Zhang, Lili Liang, Hao Liang, Bai-Ou Guan (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 10, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Plasma membrane anchored nanosensor for quantifying endogenous production of H2O2 in living cells
Publication date: Available online 10 February 2021Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Shigekuni Hosogi, Yoshinori Marunaka, Eishi Ashihara, Tadaaki Yamada, Ayumi Sumino, Hideo Tanaka, Leonardo Puppulin (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 10, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Semi-circular Sweep Voltammetry. Bio-analytical Applications
Publication date: Available online 10 February 2021Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Yuanzhe Wang, Richard G. Compton (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 10, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Enzyme-free amplified detection of cellular microRNA by light-harvesting fluorescent nanoparticle probes
Publication date: Available online 10 February 2021Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Sylvie Egloff, Nina Melnychuk, Andreas Reisch, Sophie Martin, Andrey S. Klymchenko (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 10, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Corrigendum to ‘Trends and recent development of the microelectrode arrays (MEAs)’ [Biosens. Bioelectr., 175: 112854]
Publication date: 1 May 2021Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics, Volume 179Author(s): Longqian Xu, Chenxuan Hu, Qi Huang, Kai Jin, Ping Zhao, Dongping Wang, Wei Hou, Lihua Dong, Siyi Hu, Hanbin Ma (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 10, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Design and fabrication of an integrated heart-on-a-chip platform for construction of cardiac tissue from human iPSC-derived cardiomyocytes and in situ evaluation of physiological function
Publication date: Available online 9 February 2021Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Feng Zhang, Kai-Yun Qu, Bin Zhou, Yong Luo, Zhen Zhu, De-Jing Pan, Chang Cui, Yue Zhu, Ming-Long Chen, Ning-Ping Huang (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 9, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Dye-free spectrophotometric measurement of nucleic acid-to-protein ratio for cell-selective extracellular vesicle discrimination
Publication date: Available online 9 February 2021Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Dali Sun, Zhen Zhao, Sarah Spiegel, Yang Liu, Jia Fan, Pouya Amrollahi, Jing Hu, Christopher J. Lyon, Meihua Wan, Tony Y. Hu (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 9, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Recent advances in gold nanoparticles-based biosensors for food safety detection
Publication date: Available online 7 February 2021Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Zheng Hua, Ting Yu, Donghong Liu, Yunlei Xianyu (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 8, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

A 3D electrochemical biosensor based on Super-Aligned Carbon NanoTube array for Point-of-Care uric acid monitoring
Publication date: Available online 7 February 2021Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Muqun Yang, Han Wang, Peng Liu, Jing Cheng (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 8, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Accurate genotyping of fragmented DNA using a toehold assisted padlock probe
Publication date: Available online 7 February 2021Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Yanmin Gao, Hongyan Qiao, Victor Pan, Zhaoguan Wang, Jiaojiao Li, Yanan Wei, Yonggang Ke, Hao Qi (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 8, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Internet of medical things (IoMT)-integrated biosensors for point-of-care testing of infectious diseases
Publication date: Available online 6 February 2021Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Shikha Jain, Monika Nehra, Rajesh Kumar, Neeraj Dilbaghi, Tony.Y. Hu, Sandeep Kumar, Ajeet Kaushik, Chen-zhong Li (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 7, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Integration of interstitial fluid extraction and glucose detection in one device for wearable non-invasive blood glucose sensors
Publication date: Available online 6 February 2021Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Yao Yao, Jingyao Chen, Yuhan Guo, Tian Lv, Zilin Chen, Ning Li, Shaokui Cao, Bingdi Chen, Tao Chen (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 7, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

An ultrasensitive biosensor for dual-specific DNA based on deposition of polyaniline on a self-assembled multi-functional DNA hexahedral-nanostructure
Publication date: Available online 5 February 2021Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Haohan Chen, Youhe Xiang, Rongfeng Cai, Liang Zhang, Yuting Zhang, Nandi Zhou (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 6, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

An ultrasensitive CRISPR/Cas12a based electrochemical biosensor for Listeria monocytogenes detection
Publication date: Available online 5 February 2021Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Fan Li, Qinghua Ye, Moutong Chen, Baoqing Zhou, Jumei Zhang, Rui Pang, Liang Xue, Juan Wang, Haiyan Zeng, Shi Wu, Youxiong Zhang, Yu Ding, Qingping Wu (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 6, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Adenine Deficient Yeast: A Fluorescent Biosensor for the Detection of Labile Zn(II) in Aqueous Solution
Publication date: Available online 6 February 2021Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Anqi Sun, Wen-Xiong Wang (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 6, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

IPG-based Field Potential Measurement of Cultured Cardiomyocytes for Optogenetic Applications
Publication date: Available online 6 February 2021Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Ting-Wei Wang, Yen-Ling Sung, Hsiao-Wei Chu, Shien-Fong Lin (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 6, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: 1 April 2021Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics, Volume 177Author(s): (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 6, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Wireless and battery-free platforms for collection of biosignals
Publication date: 15 April 2021Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics, Volume 178Author(s): Tucker Stuart, Le Cai, Alex Burton, Philipp Gutruf (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 6, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Solid-Phase Recombinase Polymerase Amplification Using an Extremely Low Concentration of a Solution Primer for Sensitive Electrochemical Detection of Hepatitis B Viral DNA
Publication date: Available online 5 February 2021Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Andi Muhammad Ichzan, Sang-Hyun Hwang, Hyejin Cho, Chiew San Fang, Seonhwa Park, Gyeongho Kim, Jihyeon Kim, Ponnusamy Nandhakumar, Byeongjun Yu, Sangyong Jon, Kwang-sun Kim, Haesik Yang (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 6, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Light up multiple protein dimers on cell surface based on proximity-induced fluorescence activation of DNA-templated sliver nanoclusters
Publication date: Available online 5 February 2021Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Lulu Xu, Zheng Zhou, Xiaolong Gou, Weicheng Shi, Yao Gong, Ming Yi, Wei Cheng, Fangzhou Song (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 6, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Portable wireless intelligent sensing of ultra-trace phytoregulator α-naphthalene acetic acid using self-assembled phosphorene/Ti3C2-MXene nanohybrid with high ambient stability on laser induced porous graphene as nanozyme flexible electrode
Publication date: Available online 3 February 2021Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Xiaoyu Zhu, Lei Lin, Ruimei Wu, Yifu Zhu, Yingying Sheng, Pengcheng Nie, Peng Liu, Lulu Xu, Yangping Wen (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 4, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Live cell mitochondrial 3-dimensional dynamic ultrastructures under oxidative phosphorylation revealed by a Pyridine-BODIPY probe
Publication date: 15 April 2021Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics, Volume 178Author(s): Tong Zhu, Guanqing Yang, Xiaolu Liu, Pan Xiang, Zhenghui Yang, Sijing Zhang, Juan Chen, Hong Wang, Senio Campos de Souza, Zhongping Zhang, Ruilong Zhang, Yupeng Tian, Jieying Wu, Xiaohe Tian (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 4, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

micro-RNA 21 detection with a limit of 2 pM in 1 min using a size-accordable concentration module operated by electrohydrodynamic actuation
Publication date: 15 April 2021Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics, Volume 178Author(s): Inga Tijunelyte, Rémi Malbec, Bayan Chami, Jean Cacheux, Christophe Dez, Thierry Leichlé, Pierre Cordelier, Aurélien Bancaud (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 4, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

An “on-off” electrochemiluminescence immunosensor for PIVKA-II detection based on the dual quenching of CeO2-Au-g-C3N4 hybrids by Ag nanocubes-VB2
Publication date: Available online 1 February 2021Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Zhujun Ai, Min Zhao, Daobin Han, Ke Chen, Dongmei Xiong, Hua Tang (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 2, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Au@ZIF-8 SERS Paper for Food Spoilage Detection
Publication date: Available online 2 February 2021Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Hongki Kim, Ba Thong Trinh, Kyung Ho Kim, Jeong Moon, Hyunju Kang, Kwanghyeon Jo, Rashida Akter, Jinyoung Jeong, Eun-Kyung Lim, Juyeon Jung, Ho-Suk Choi, Hyun Gyu Park, Oh Seok Kwon, Ilsun Yoon, Taejoon Kang (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 2, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Continuous glucose monitoring systems - current status and future perspectives of the flagship technologies in biosensor research –
Publication date: Available online 2 February 2021Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Inyoung Lee, David Probst, David Klonoff, Koji Sode (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 2, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Cell-based fluorescent microsphere incorporated with carbon dots as a sensitive immunosensor for the rapid detection of Escherichia coli O157 in milk
Publication date: Available online 2 February 2021Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Yong Zhao, Yanzhao Li, Pingping Zhang, Ziheng Yan, Yugui Zhou, Yipu Du, Chunyu Qu, Yajun Song, Ding Zhou, Songnan Qu, Ruifu Yang (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 2, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Image entropy-based label-free functional characterization of human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived 3D cardiac spheroids
Publication date: Available online 2 February 2021Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Hao Chen, Bin Jiang, James G. Shamul, Xiaoming He (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 2, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

Binary Mixture Quantification using Cell-Based Odor Biosensor System with Active Sensing
Publication date: Available online 31 January 2021Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Yuji Sukekawa, Hidefumi Mitsuno, Ryohei Kanzaki, Takamichi Nakamoto (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 1, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

High selectivity sensing of bovine serum albumin: the combination of glass nanopore and molecularly imprinted technology
Publication date: Available online 31 January 2021Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Lulu Wang, Ya Ma, Lishi Wang (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - February 1, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

A Bio-syncretic Phototransistor Based on Optogenetically Engineered Living Cells
Publication date: Available online 30 January 2021Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Jia Yang, Gongxin Li, Wenxue Wang, Jialin Shi, Meng Li, Ning Xi, Mingjun Zhang, Lianqing Liu (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - January 31, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

A highly sensitive electrochemiluminescence cytosensor for detection of SKBR-3 cells as metastatic breast cancer cell line: A constructive phase in early and precise diagnosis
Publication date: 15 April 2021Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics, Volume 178Author(s): Hassan Nasrollahpour, Mahdi Mahdipour, Ibrahim Isildak, Mohammad-Reza Rashidi, Abdolhosein Naseri, Balal Khalilzadeh (Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics)
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - January 31, 2021 Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research