A Rare Complication of Acute Diarrhae Caused by Cryptosporidium: Possible Hepatobiliary System Involvement in a Child without Immunodeficiency.

[A Rare Complication of Acute Diarrhae Caused by Cryptosporidium: Possible Hepatobiliary System Involvement in a Child without Immunodeficiency]. Mikrobiyol Bul. 2019 Oct;53(4):464-471 Authors: Savaş Şen Z, Taşar MA, Demirel Kaya F, Güneş A, Vezir E, Hızarcıoğlu Gülşen H Abstract Cryptosporidium spp. is one of the leading causes of parasitic diarrhea. It is the most common parasite in humans all over the world with Giardia. Cryptosporidium is an important cause of chronic diarrhea in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) patients. Patients with normal immune system may have an asymptomatic course or clinical presentation such as acute watery diarrhea without blood and persistent diarrhea. The severity and duration of the disease may be a reflection of the immune deficiency. Children under two years of age and children with malnutrition may have a risk of prolonged Cryptosporidium spp. infection, even if immunodeficiency work-up is normal, as they may have defects in the natural immune system and lymphocyte functions. Cryptosporidium spp. oocysts contaminate water sources, swimming pools, vegetables and fruits because oocysts are partially resistant to chlorination. So it may be problem for public health. Pets, livestock and humans can be carriers of Cryptosporidium spp. Factors such as developmental level of the countries, immune system, nutritional status, living in crowded environments, contact wi...
Source: Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni - Category: Microbiology Tags: Mikrobiyol Bul Source Type: research

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Date: Tuesday, 01 07, 2020; Speaker: Daniel Neafsey, Assistant Professor, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health; 5625 Fishers Lane; 5th Floor Conference Room
Source: NIH Calendar of Events - Category: American Health Source Type: events
teo D Abstract Background: Altered balance is a common and debilitating symptom of fibromyalgia. Previous studies have investigated balance under single-task conditions that do not reflect real-life situations. The present study evaluated the impact of a simultaneous cell-phone conversation on balance performance in a case-control cohort from Spain. Methods: A cross-sectional case-control study was performed in 34 women recruited from local self-help organizations and university facilities (n = 18 fibromyalgia cases; n = 16 healthy, pain-free controls). Participants performed the 3...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: Enzyme and Microbial TechnologyAuthor(s): Liuyan Gu, Haibo Yuan, Xueqin Lv, Guangsheng Li, Rigang Cong, Jianghua Li, Guocheng Du, Long LiuAbstract5-Methylpyrazine-2-carboxylic acid (MPCA) is an important pharmaceutical intermediate and is used in the production of hypoglycemic agents and lipid-lowering drugs. This work aimed to develop a whole-cell biocatalytic process for the efficient synthesis of MPCA from 2, 5-dimethylpyrazine (DMP). Firstly, a whole-cell biocatalyst Escherichia coli strain was constructed by plasmid-based expression of xylene monooxygenase (XMO...
Source: Enzyme and Microbial Technology - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Spinal shrinkage equally affects men and women who perform the same work. There are no changes in spinal sagittal alignment throughout the workday in office workers. Office workers increase pain in the upper back significantly at the end of the day. PMID: 31813341 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 December 2019Source: Fish &Shellfish ImmunologyAuthor(s): Ze-Quan Mo, Xue-Li Lai, Wan-Tao Wang, Hong-Ping Chen, Zhi-Chang He, Rui Han, Jiu-Le Wang, Xiao-Chun Luo, Yan-Wei Li, Xue-Ming DanAbstractC-Raf proto-oncogene serine/threonine kinase is a mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAP) kinase kinase, which can initiate a mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade by phosphorylating the dual-specific MAP kinase kinases (MEK1/2), and in turn activate the extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK1/2). To study the function of c-Raf in teleost fish, a c-Raf cDNA sequence from orang...
Source: Fish and Shellfish Immunology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: February 2020Source: Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, Volume 88Author(s): Qi Yan, Yu Shan, Min Yin, Shu Xu, Chen Ma, Hai-Ying Tong, Xu Feng, Qi-Zhi WangAbstractPhytochemical investigations of the dried and nearly ripe fruits of Evodia rutaecarpa (Juss.) Benth. var. of officinalis (Dode) Huang (family Rutaceae) led to the isolation of twenty compounds, including eight quinolone alkaloids (1–8), seven indole quinazoline alkaloids (9–15), two limonoids (16–17) and three sterols (18–20). The chemical structures of these compounds were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analyses ...
Source: Biochemical Systematics and Ecology - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering AspectsAuthor(s): Qiang Li, Xiaotai Zhang, Hui Yu, Huifeng Zhang, Jihua WangAbstractA Schiff-base and hydrophilic functionalized polyamide reverse osmosis (RO) membrane has been fabricated by ordinally grafting ethylenediamine, glutaraldehyde, and 3-amino-1-propanol on the freshly fabricated polyamide surface under a facile mild grafting strategy. The modification process has no obvious influence on membrane thickness and morphology. Compared to the pristine polyamide membrane, the modified membrane becomes mo...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 December 2019Source: Chemical Engineering ScienceAuthor(s): Pierre Albrand, Carine Julcour, Vincent Gerbaud, Anne-Marie BilletAbstractThe viscosity of edible oils was measured before and after hydrogenation to assess a new model for predicting the viscosity of partially hydrogenated oils with given saturation degree and temperature. This contribution group model is based on a semi-predictive approach, and can be used to estimate viscosity changes due to hydrogenation. It was experimentally validated using three different oils, and the results show an overall relative average deviation ...
Source: Chemical Engineering Science - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Authors: Galizia G, Auricchio A, de Vita F, Cardella F, Mabilia A, Basile N, Orditura M, Lieto E Abstract PURPOSE: Oncological outcome depends not only on tumor behaviour but also on nutritional and immune-inflammatory host status. Data in gastric cancer are limited. The main aim of this study was to prospectively assess Naples prognostic score (NPS) in gastric cancer patients. NPS was also compared with prognostic nutritional index (PNI), controlling nutritional status (CONUT) score and systemic inflammation score (SIS). METHODS: Overall survival (OS) and complication rates of 415 patients undergoing gastric c...
Source: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia - Category: Surgery Tags: Ann Ital Chir Source Type: research
Ancient pieces of amber found to contain dinosaur feathers riddled with louse-like insectsDinosaurs may have been fearsome and intimidating creatures that dominated the prehistoric earth – but it did not stop them having their feathers ruffled by parasites, researchers have found.Scientists have discovered ancient pieces of amber, dating from about 99m years ago, that contain dinosaur feathers riddled with louse-like insects. One of the feathers even shows signs of having been nibbled.Continue reading...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Dinosaurs Evolution Biology Fossils Science Zoology UK news Insects Animals World news Wildlife Environment Source Type: news
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