Three UCLA scientists receive grants totaling more than $18 million

Three researchers at the  Eli and Edythe Broad Center of Regenerative Medicine and Stem Cell Research at UCLA have received awards totaling more than $18 million from the California Institute for Regenerative Medicine, the state’s stem cell agency. The recipients areDr. Sophie Deng, professor of ophthalmology at the UCLA Stein Eye Institute;  Yvonne Chen, a UCLA associate professor of microbiology, immunology and molecular genetics; andDr. Caroline Kuo, a UCLA assistant clinical professor of pediatrics. The awards were announced at a CIRM meeting today.Deng ’s four-year, $10.3 million award will fund a clinical trial for a blinding eye condition called limbal stem cell deficiency. Limbal stem cells are specialized stem cells in eye tissue that help maintain the health of the cornea. Because of genetic defects or injuries caused by infections, burns, surgeries or other factors, some people do not have enough limbal stem cells, which results in pain, corneal scarring and blindness.The approach she is testing involves extracting a small number of limbal stem cells from a person ’s eye, multiplying them in a lab, and then transplanting them back into the eye, where they could regenerate the cornea and restore vision. The research will be conducted in collaboration with the UCLA –UCI Alpha Stem Cell Clinic, a partnership between UCLA and UC Irvine.The grants awarded to Chen and Kuo are for projects that are heading toward the FDA &r...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: European UrologyAuthor(s): Christian Radmayr
Source: European Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur study found that the decision-making process in ESRD is multifactorial and involves not only medical factors, but also assessment of social factors, quality of life, and patient/family preference. Bettering our understanding of this decision-making process will positively impact patients and families through more informed decision-making.
Source: Pediatric Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
AbstractCardiovascular disease (CVD) is a life-limiting comorbidity in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). In childhood, imaging studies have demonstrated early phenotypic characteristics including increases in left ventricular mass, carotid artery intima-media thickness, and pulse wave velocity, which occur even in young children with early stages of CKD. Vascular calcifications are the signature of an advanced phenotype and are mainly found in adolescents and young adults treated with dialysis. Association studies have provided valuable information regarding the significance of a multitude of risk factors in prom...
Source: Pediatric Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundEnteral feeding by tube in chronic kidney disease (CKD) before 2 years of age improves growth. Whether it is effective after this age is unknown. We assessed whether height and weight SDS changed after tube feeding was started in children with CKD above 2 years of age.MethodsRetrospective study of pre-transplant, pre-pubertal children (
Source: Pediatric Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe 20-year follow-up analysis of pediatric renal care services in European countries revealed that pediatric nephrology has become a well-established subspecialty in pediatrics and nephrology in 2017. The ESPN will continue its efforts to further improve pediatric renal care for European children by harmonizing remaining disparities of renal care services.
Source: Pediatric Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundBecause of the severe shortage of suitable deceased donors, ABO-incompatible living donor kidney transplantation (ABOi LDKT) is performed even in pediatric recipients in Japan. We performed pediatric ABOi LDKT using rituximab without anti-A/B antibody removal.MethodsThirteen pediatric recipients (mean age 7.4, range 3.4 –15.7, four females) whose baseline anti-A/B IgG titers were ≤ × 64 underwent ABOi LDKT without antibody removal and splenectomy between July 2013 and April 2017 at Toho University. Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) was initiated on day − 10. Rituximab (...
Source: Pediatric Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To evaluate the factors associated with tooth loss in adults from the position and number of teeth lost in the dental arches. METHODS This is a cross-sectional, population-based study with adults participating in the epidemiological survey of oral health of S ão Paulo in 2015. The outcome of the study was tooth loss, assessed by the proposed classification, namely: I) lost up to 12 back teeth; II) lost up to 12 teeth (including front teeth); and III) lost more than 12 teeth. A four-block analysis was conducted, supported by a conceptual theoretical mode l adapted for tooth loss. For the multinomia...
Source: Revista de Saude Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
ConclusionA long history of shoulder pain that is not responsive to conservative management in young patients should raise the suspicion of an "OO", and physicians should be encouraged to use early advanced imaging modalities in order to confirm it.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionIndiana pouch is a successful continence urinary reservoir with a reproductible technique, however long-term observation is needed.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionGiven the increasing number of such surgeries performed the recognition of acute and chronic complications, and their optimal management is of great importance. Although performing a Roux-en-Y fistulojejunostomy was recommended in the literature, conservative and endoscopic treatment should be considered before.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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