Effective antiviral medicinal plants and biological compounds against central nervous system infections: A mechanistic review.

CONCLUSION: Due to the increased resistance of microorganisms (bacteria, viruses and parasites) to antimicrobial therapies, alternative treatments, especially using plant sources and their bioactive constituents, appear to be more fruitful. PMID: 31309894 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Drug Discovery Technologies - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Curr Drug Discov Technol Source Type: research

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Conclusions DCB angioplasty for de novo small coronary lesions in the real-world environment in Japan is effective with acceptable 12-month outcomes.
Source: Coronary Artery Disease - Category: Cardiology Tags: Myocardial Infarction/Cardiogenic Shock Source Type: research
In this study, prophylactic passive immunization was performed in a miniature swine model, using two vaccination-induced monoclonal antibodies (mAb), JEV-31 and JEV-169. These were selected as representatives for antibodies reactive with the major antigenic structures in the E protein of JEV and related flaviviruses. JEV-31 recognizes the lateral ridge of E protein domain III (EDIII) whilst JEV-169 has a broad footprint of binding involving residues throughout domains I (EDI) and II (EDII) of the E protein. Detection of neutralizing antibodies in the serum of immunized animals mimics the presence of neutralizing antibodies...
Source: Antiviral Therapy - Category: Virology Source Type: research
A German-engineered device, which is the size and shape of a lipstick, may help those infected with the HSV-1 virus, which causes cold sores.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
We present here results based on the molecular characterization of trypanosome isolates obtained from 1,493 bats representing 74 species and sampled over 16 countries across four continents.After estimating the appropriate number of hypothetical species in our data set using GMYC models in combination with Poisson Tree Processes (mPTP) and ABGD, the 18S rRNA and gGAPDH genes were used for phylogenetic analyses to infer the major evolutionary relationships in the T. cruzi clade. Then, biogeographical processes influencing the distribution of this cosmopolitan group of parasites was inferred using BioGeoBEARS. Results reveal...
Source: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: Fish &Shellfish ImmunologyAuthor(s): Qingchao Wang, Wei Ji, Zhen XuAbstractIn the past decades, the aquaculture industry made great progress in China, which contributes more than 70% yield of the world's farmed fish. Along with the rapid growth of fish production, increased emergence and outbreak of numbers of diseases pose harm to the aquaculture industry and food safety. From the efficient, safe, environmental and ethical aspects, vaccines is definitely the most appropriate and focused method to control different kinds of fish diseases. In China, researchers h...
Source: Fish and Shellfish Immunology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: Journal of Bioscience and BioengineeringAuthor(s): Satoru Tomita, Jun Watanabe, Toshihide Nakamura, Akihito Endo, Sanae OkadaThe bacterial community structure in 29 naturally fermented samples of sunki, an unsalted lactic-fermented pickle in Japan, was determined by 16S rRNA gene-targeted metagenomic analysis. The data revealed that genus Lactobacillus was dominant in all samples and various bacterial species, related to Lactobacillus delbrueckii, Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus buchneri, Lactobacillus fermentum, Lactobacillus reuteri, Lactobacillus crispatus...
Source: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
Publication date: 1 February 2020Source: Carbohydrate Polymers, Volume 229Author(s): Jhonatas Rodrigues Barbosa, Maurício Madson dos Santos Freitas, Luiza Helena da Silva Martins, Raul Nunes de CarvalhoAbstractThe biodiversity of mushrooms Pleurotus spp. is impressive due to its complexity and diversity related to the composition of chemical structures such as polysaccharides, glycoproteins and secondary metabolites such as alkaloids, flavonoids and betalains. Recent studies of polysaccharides and their structural elucidation have helped to direct research and development of technologies related to pharmacological a...
Source: Carbohydrate Polymers - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our findings revealed that EL significantly reduced blood uric acid levels, prevented pathological changes of kidney in PO induced hyperuricemia animal model, and improved renal urate transports. We partly clarified the mechanism was related to suppressing effect of URAT1 by quassinoid in EL. This study is the first to demonstrate that EL plays a role in hyperuricemia by promoting renal uric acid excretion.
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In this study, anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody (α-CD20 mAb)-mediated depletion of B cells from C57BL/6 mice revealed an important role for B cells in supporting Th2 immune responses and thus expulsion of Trichuris muris (T. muris). C57BL/6 mice normally mount mixed Th1/Th2 immune responses to T. muris and expel the parasite by the third week post infection. However, B cell-depleted C57BL/6 had significantly reduced Th2-type cytokines post infection and failed to expel the parasite. IFN-γ production in the MLN of C57BL/6 mice receiving α-CD20 mAb treatment was not affected, collectively resulting in an overa...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
In this study, we quantify the epidemiological shift of JE in Yunnan Province from 2005 to 2017, covering before and after the introduction of JE vaccination into routine Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) in 2007.MethodsWe used routinely collected data in the case-based JE surveillance system from 2005 through 2017 in Yunnan. Cases were reported from hospital and county-level Centers for Disease Control in line with the National JE Surveillance Guideline. Epidemiological data were extracted, analysed and presented in appropriate ways. Immunization coverage was estimated from actual JE doses administered and new births...
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
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