Increased Mortality Seen With Empirical Anti-MRSA Treatment for Pneumonia Increased Mortality Seen With Empirical Anti-MRSA Treatment for Pneumonia
Empirical anti-MRSA treatment is associated with an increased risk of 30-day mortality in patients hospitalized for pneumonia, compared with standard antibiotic therapy, according to a retrospective study.Reuters Health Information (Source: Medscape Pathology Headlines)
Source: Medscape Pathology Headlines - February 22, 2020 Category: Pathology Tags: Pulmonary Medicine News Source Type: news

QOL Similar After Surgery, Antibiotics for Uncomplicated Appendicitis
FRIDAY, Feb. 21, 2020 -- For patients being treated for uncomplicated acute appendicitis, quality of life (QOL) is similar at seven years after appendectomy or antibiotic therapy, according to a study published online Feb. 19 in JAMA Surgery. Suvi... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - February 21, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Empirical Anti-MRSA vs Standard Antibiotic Therapy and Risk of 30-Day Mortality in Patients Hospitalized for Pneumonia
US-based cohort study of 88,605 hospitalisations for pneumonia did not find a mortality benefit for treatment with empirical anti –methicillin-resistant S aureus (MRSA) therapy vs standard antibiotics for any group of patients examined, even those with risk factors for MRSA. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - February 20, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Effect of Vancomycin or Daptomycin With vs Without an Antistaphylococcal β-Lactam on Mortality, Bacteremia, Relapse, or Treatment Failure in Patients With MRSA Bacteremia: A Randomized Clinical Trial
RCT (n=352) found no significant difference in the primary composite end point of mortality, persistent bacteremia, relapse, or treatment failure for addition of an antistaphylococcal β-lactam to standard antibiotic therapy (vancomycin or daptomycin) vs standard therapy alone. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - February 13, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Partnership Seeks to Address Gaps in Diagnosing Sepsis
Sepsis continues to be a serious threat to patients globally. Recent studies estimate that more than 30 million people are impacted worldwide every year and may be implicated in 6 million deaths,1 David Dolinger, VP Product Realisation at QuantuMDx Group Limited, told MD+DI. Infection and drug resistance contribute significantly to sepsis risks. In neonatal care alone, it is estimated that one million newborn deaths each year are associated with maternal infection, such as maternal sepsis,2 pointed out Dolinger. And three out of every ten deaths because of neonatal sepsis are thought to be caused by resistant p...
Source: MDDI - February 1, 2020 Category: Medical Devices Authors: Daphne Allen Tags: IVD Source Type: news

Risk and Prognostic Factors in Very Old Patients with Sepsis Secondary to Community-Acquired Pneumonia.
Little is known about risk and prognostic factors in very old patients developing sepsis secondary to community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). In very old patients hospitalized with CAP, in-hospital and 1-year mortality rates were increased if they developed sepsis. Antibiotic therapy before hospital admission was associated with a lower risk of sepsis. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - January 3, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Journal Highlights From the January and February Issues of JAMDA
Antibiograms, created by a facility ’s contracted microbiology laboratory, can help hospitals and nursing homes identify trends in antibiotic resistance and create protocols for empiric antimicrobial therapy. In a recent study conducted in Providence, RI, Maria-Stephanie A. Hughes, PharmD, a fellow at the Providence Veterans Affairs Medical Center, and colleagues found a lack of agreement between antibiograms of Veterans Affairs (VA) nursing homes and their affiliated acute-care facilities. (Source: Caring for the Ages)
Source: Caring for the Ages - December 25, 2019 Category: Health Management Tags: Journal Highlights Source Type: news

Pleural Effusion: An Atypical Presentation of Kawasaki Disease Pleural Effusion: An Atypical Presentation of Kawasaki Disease
This case of a 7-year-old patient highlights the need to consider the diagnosis of Kawasaki disease in the presence of pneumonia and pleural effusion that is nonresponsive to antibiotic therapy.Journal of Medical Case Reports (Source: Medscape Critical Care Headlines)
Source: Medscape Critical Care Headlines - December 24, 2019 Category: Intensive Care Tags: Family Medicine/Primary Care Journal Article Source Type: news

Antimicrobial prescribing: ceftolozane with tazobactam for treating hospital-acquired pneumonia, including ventilator-associated pneumonia
The manufacturer of ceftolozane with tazobactam anticipates that it will be used in line with good antimicrobial stewardship, on the advice of a microbiologist, to treat critically ill ventilated adults with HAP and VAP, who are deteriorating or not responding to initial antibiotic therapy, and who have confirmed or highly suspected Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Specialists involved in producing this evidence summary consider that ceftolozane with tazobactam provides a potentially useful alternative for treating some adults with HAP and VAP who have limited treatment options because they have infections suspected or proven to be...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - December 19, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Ruth Bader Ginsburg Released From Hospital After Health Scare
The 86-year-old was first evaluated on Friday at a hospital in Washington, D.C., after feeling unwell. She was then transferred to The Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore. By Saturday, her fever and chills had lessened after receiving intravenous antibiotic therapy and fluids, the spokeswoman said. (Source: WebMD Health)
Source: WebMD Health - November 25, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Every 15 Minutes, Someone In The US Dies Of A Drug-Resistant Superbug
(CNN) — Every 15 minutes, someone in the United States dies of a superbug that has learned to outsmart even our most sophisticated antibiotics, according to a new report from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. That’s about 35,000 deaths each year from drug-resistant infections, according to the landmark report. The report places five drug-resistant superbugs on the CDC’s “urgent threat” list — two more germs than were on the CDC’s list in 2013, the last time the agency issued a report on antibiotic resistance. Genetic research shows germs have become especially adep...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - November 16, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Boston News Featured Health Antibiotics Bacteria CNN Superbugs Source Type: news

Antibiotic-Resistant ‘ Superbugs ’ A Growing Health Crisis, New Report Finds
By Elizabeth Cohen and Nadia Kounang, CNN (CNN) — Every 15 minutes, someone in the United States dies of a superbug that has learned to outsmart even our most sophisticated antibiotics, according to a new report from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. That’s about 35,000 deaths each year from drug-resistant infections, according to the landmark report. The report places five drug-resistant superbugs on the CDC’s “urgent threat” list — two more germs than were on the CDC’s list in 2013, the last time the agency issued a report on antibiotic resistance. Gene...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - November 14, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Health News Syndicated CBSN Boston Antibiotics CNN Source Type: news

Microbiota-derived peptide mimics drive lethal inflammatory cardiomyopathy
Myocarditis can develop into inflammatory cardiomyopathy through chronic stimulation of myosin heavy chain 6–specific T helper (TH)1 and TH17 cells. However, mechanisms governing the cardiotoxicity programming of heart-specific T cells have remained elusive. Using a mouse model of spontaneous autoimmune myocarditis, we show that progression of myocarditis to lethal heart disease depends on cardiac myosin–specific TH17 cells imprinted in the intestine by a commensal Bacteroides species peptide mimic. Both the successful prevention of lethal disease in mice by antibiotic therapy and the significantly elevated Bac...
Source: ScienceNOW - November 14, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Gil-Cruz, C., Perez-Shibayama, C., De Martin, A., Ronchi, F., van der Borght, K., Niederer, R., Onder, L., Lütge, M., Novkovic, M., Nindl, V., Ramos, G., Arnoldini, M., Slack, E. M. C., Boivin-Jahns, V., Jahns, R., Wyss, M., Mooser, C., Lambrecht, Tags: Immunology, Medicine, Diseases reports Source Type: news

Oral Vancomycin Prevents C Diff Infection in High-Risk Inpatients Oral Vancomycin Prevents C Diff Infection in High-Risk Inpatients
Oral vancomycin prophylaxis can prevent healthcare-facility-onset C. difficile infection (HCFO-CDI) in high-risk patients receiving systemic antibiotic therapy, according to results from an open-label randomized study.Reuters Health Information (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - October 31, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Infectious Diseases News Source Type: news

Blood Culture Results Before and After Antimicrobial Administration in Patients With Severe Manifestations of Sepsis: A Diagnostic Study
Administering antimicrobial agents before obtaining blood cultures could potentially decrease time to treatment and improve outcomes, but it is unclear how this strategy affects diagnostic sensitivity. We wanted to determine the sensitivity of blood cultures obtained shortly after initiation of antimicrobial therapy in patients with severe manifestations of sepsis. Among patients with severe manifestations of sepsis, initiation of empirical antimicrobial therapy significantly reduces the sensitivity of blood cultures drawn shortly after treatment initiation. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - October 30, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Procalcitonin and MR-proAdrenomedullin combination in the etiological diagnosis and prognosis of sepsis and septic shock
Procalcitonin and Mid-regional pro Adrenomedullin have been proposed for sepsis diagnosis, antibiotic therapy guidance and prognosis. . A retrospective analysis of PCT and MR-proADM on 571 consecutive patients with sepsis diagnosis was performed. PCT and MR-proADM combination represents an advantage for sepsis diagnosis and for 90-days mortality risk stratification. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - October 30, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Blood Culture Results Before and After Antimicrobial Administration in Patients With Severe Manifestations of Sepsis: A Diagnostic Study
Administering antimicrobial agents before obtaining blood cultures could potentially decrease time to treatment and improve outcomes, but it is unclear how this strategy affects diagnostic sensitivity. We looked to determine the sensitivity of blood cultures obtained shortly after initiation of antimicrobial therapy in patients with severe manifestations of sepsis. Among patients with severe manifestations of sepsis, initiation of empirical antimicrobial therapy significantly reduces the sensitivity of blood cultures drawn shortly after treatment initiation. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - October 30, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Association of Use of the Neonatal Early-Onset Sepsis Calculator With Reduction in Antibiotic Therapy and Safety: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
Use of the neonatal EOS calculator is associated with a substantial reduction in the use of empirical antibiotics for suspected EOS. Available evidence regarding safety of the use of the EOS calculator is limited, but shows no indication of inferiority compared with conventional management strategies. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - October 30, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Antibiotic treatment for spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in people with decompensated liver cirrhosis: a network metaanalysis
This review (12 trials, n=1278; 13 antibiotics) found short ‐term mortality after spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is approx. 25%. However, authors report significant uncertainty about which antibiotic therapy is better in people with SBP. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - October 25, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Initiating Empirical Tx for Sepsis Reduces Blood Culture Sensitivity
12 percent difference seen in proportion of positive blood cultures before and after antimicrobial therapy (Source: The Doctors Lounge - Oncology)
Source: The Doctors Lounge - Oncology - September 17, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Infections, Internal Medicine, Critical Care, Emergency Medicine, Oncology, Pathology, Pharmacy, Journal, Source Type: news

Initiating Empirical Tx for Sepsis Reduces Blood Culture Sensitivity
TUESDAY, Sept. 17, 2019 -- When empirical antimicrobial therapy is initiated in patients with severe manifestations of sepsis, the sensitivity of blood cultures drawn shortly after treatment initiation is reduced, according to a study published... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - September 17, 2019 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Can Antibiotic Therapy for Cancer Improve Treatment Response to Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors?
A new study looked at median overall survival for patients with prior antibiotic therapy compared with patients with no prior antibiotic therapy. (Source: CancerNetwork)
Source: CancerNetwork - September 16, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Leah Lawrence Source Type: news

Sepsis in 2018: a review
This article provides a summary of the most recent clinical evidence and professional guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of the sepsis in the critical care setting. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - September 4, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Challenges and opportunities for antibiotic stewardship among preterm infants
Antibiotic stewardship programmes aim to optimise antimicrobial use to prevent the emergence of resistance species and protect patients from the side effects of unnecessary medication. The high incidence of systemic infection and associated mortality from these infections leads neonatal providers to frequently initiate antibiotic therapy and make empiric antibiotic courses one of the main contributors of antibiotic use in the neonatal units. Yet, premature infants are also at risk for acute life-threatening complications associated with antibiotic use such as necrotising enterocolitis and for long-term morbidities such as ...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - September 4, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Oral versus intravenous antibiotics for bone and joint infections: the OVIVA non-inferiority RCT
RCT (n=1054) found oral antibiotic therapy non-inferior to IV therapy when used during first 6 weeks in treatment for bone/joint infection, as assessed by definitive treatment failure within 1 year of randomisation (14.62% IV vs 13.16% oral), challenging current standard of care (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - August 27, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Antibiotic therapy for chronic infection with Burkholderia cepacia complex in people with cystic fibrosis
Review located one suitable RCT (n=100) which found that inhaled aztreonam lysine did not improve FEV1 and time to next exacerbation vs placebo. Authors therefore conclude that there is insufficient evidence to determine an effective antibiotic strategy for this infection. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - August 8, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Practical Tips for Diagnosing and Treating Bacterial Pneumonia in the Nursing Home
A clinical diagnosis of bacterial pneumonia in nursing home residents most often can be treated with a single oral course of antibiotic therapy targeted toward community-acquired pneumonia pathogens, Ghinwa Dumyati, MD, said at the AMDA — The Society for Post-Acute and Long-Term Care Medicine’s annual conference. (Source: Caring for the Ages)
Source: Caring for the Ages - July 30, 2019 Category: Health Management Authors: Christine Kilgore Source Type: news

Enteral lactoferrin for the treatment of sepsis and necrotizing enterocolitis in neonates
Neonatal sepsis and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) cause significant neonatal mortality and morbidity despite appropriate antibiotic therapy. Enhancing host defense and modulating inflammation by using lactoferrin as an adjunct to antibiotics in the treatment of sepsis, NEC, or both, may improve clinical outcomes. The primary objective was to assess safety and efficacy of oral lactoferrin as an adjunct to antibiotics in the treatment of neonates with suspected or confirmed sepsis, NEC, or both. Implications for practice: currently there is no evidence to support or refute the use of enteral lactoferrin, as an adjunct to a...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - July 24, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Can Early Changes in Vital signs Predict Duration of Antibiotic Therapy in Suspected Neonatal Sepsis?
Suspected sepsis remains a leading causes of Neonatal Intensive Care Unit admission, with infants often receiving 48-72 hours of empirical antibiotic therapy. Early in treatment it is difficult to predict infants who will require prolonged antibiotic therapy. Our aim was to assess if vital sign measurements in the initial period of treatment can predict those neonates requiring prolonged antibiotic therapy in term and late-preterm infants. Respiratory rate shows a weak positive correlation with antibiotic duration. Infants requiring prolonged therapy were more likely to have abnormal vital signs 12 hours after initiating a...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - July 24, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Antibiotics before liver transplants lead to better results
A UCLA-led research team has  found that giving mice antibiotics for 10 days prior to a liver transplant leads to better liver function after the surgery.After concluding the experiment mice, the scientists discovered data from liver transplants performed between October 2013 and August 2015 at the Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center, revealing that the same phenomenon appears to hold true in humans. The statistics from human patients even demonstrated that the people who were in worse health prior to their surgeries but received pre-surgery antibiotics fared better after their transplants than the patients who wer...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - July 23, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Bacterial Pathogens Associated With Diabetic Foot Ulcers Bacterial Pathogens Associated With Diabetic Foot Ulcers
A better understanding of the bacterial pathogens associated with diabetic foot ulcers will help guide the choice of antibiotic therapies.Wounds (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - July 16, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Journal Article Source Type: news

Excess Antibiotic Treatment Duration and Adverse Events in Patients Hospitalized With Pneumonia: A Multihospital Cohort Study
Retrospective analysis of data from 43 US hospitals suggest 67.8% of patients received excess antibiotic therapy which was not associated with lower rates of any adverse outcomes, including death, readmission, emergency department visit, or Clostridium difficile infection. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - July 12, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Hospitalized Pneumonia Patients Often Get Excess Antibiotics
THURSDAY, July 11, 2019 -- Patients hospitalized with pneumonia often receive excess antibiotic therapy, according to a study published online July 9 in the Annals of Internal Medicine. Valerie M. Vaughn, M.D., from the University of Michigan in Ann... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - July 11, 2019 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Antibiotics for Pneumonia: Short Course is More Effective Antibiotics for Pneumonia: Short Course is More Effective
Most patients hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia received longer duration antibiotic therapy than needed, increasing the risk of post-discharge adverse events, a large study found.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Internal Medicine Headlines)
Source: Medscape Internal Medicine Headlines - July 9, 2019 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Pulmonary Medicine News Source Type: news

Headtohead oral prophylactic antibiotic therapy for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Review (2 RCTs; n= 391) found very limited evidence to support a difference in efficacy or safety between different classes or regimens of prophylactic antibiotic, given for 12 to 13 weeks for COPD. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - June 27, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

An overview of positive cultures and clinical outcomes in septic patients: a sub-analysis of the Prehospital Antibiotics Against Sepsis (PHANTASi) trial
Sepsis remains one of the most important causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. In approximately 30-50% of cases of suspected sepsis, no pathogen is isolated, disabling the clinician to treat the patient with targeted antimicrobial therapy. Studies investigating the differences in the patient outcomes between culture-positive and culture-negative sepsis patients have only been conducted in subgroups of sepsis patients and results are ambiguous. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - June 19, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

European Society of Emergency Medicine position paper on the 1-hour sepsis bundle of the Surviving Sepsis Campaign: expression of concern.
In 2018 the Surviving Sepsis Campaign issued new guidance with a revised version of their sepsis bundle. Instead of the 2016 3-hour sepsis bundle, the Surviving Sepsis Campaign now recommends that blood cultures, lactate measurement, broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy and 30 ml/kg crystalloid fluid administration should be initiated within 1 hour after triage. The European Society of Emergency Medicine wishes to express its concerns regarding the low level of evidence that underlies this guidance, and the potential implications from an emergency physician point of view. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - June 19, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Risk Factors for 30-Day Mortality in Neonatal Gram-Negative Bacilli Sepsis
Multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacilli (MDR-GNB) have emerged globally as a serious threat and with a high case fatality rate (CFR). Neonates suspected of sepsis with septic shock need broad-spectrum empirical antimicrobial therapy until the second successive negative culture, especially in high MDR areas. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - June 19, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Diagnostic Testing, Antibiotics Overused in Pediatric CAP
TUESDAY, June 11, 2019 -- Children with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) often receive diagnostic testing and antibiotic therapy despite publication of guidelines against their routine use in 2011, according to a study published online May 20 in... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - June 11, 2019 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

The cost impact of PCT-guided antibiotic stewardship versus usual care for hospitalised patients with suspected sepsis or lower respiratory tract infections in the US: A health economic model analysis
Procalcitonin is a biomarker that supports clinical decision-making on when to initiate and discontinue antibiotic therapy. Several cost (-effectiveness) analyses have been conducted on Procalcitonin-guided antibiotic stewardship, but none mainly based on US originated data. Using a Procalcitonin-algorithm to guide antibiotic use in sepsis and hospitalised lower respiratory tract infection patients is expected to generate cost-savings to the hospital and lower rates of antibiotic resistance and C.difficile infections. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 29, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Use of an Early Onset-Sepsis Calculator to Decrease Unnecessary NICU Admissions and Increase Exclusive Breastfeeding.
To evaluate the effects of use of the Kaiser Neonatal Early-Onset Sepsis Calculator (NEOSC) on NICU admissions, laboratory testing, antibiotic exposure, and exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) rates in full-term neonates exposed to chorioamnionitis. Most neonates exposed to chorioamnionitis appeared well and did not require NICU admission, laboratory testing, or antibiotic therapy. Rates of EBF improved after use of NEOSC was implemented. The practice change helped prevent adverse consequences, such as painful interventions and separation of the mother and neonate. No neonates were readmitted for sepsis. (Source: Current Awarene...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 29, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Clinical features and antimicrobial susceptibility profiles of culture-proven neonatal sepsis in a tertiary children's hospital, 2013 to 2017.
Neonatal sepsis (NS) remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality in neonates, but data on the etiology and antibiotic susceptibility patterns of pathogens are limited. The aim of this study was to analyze the clinical characteristics, risk factors, and the antibiotic susceptibility patterns of pathogenic microbes associated with NS at a tertiary children's hospital in Shanghai, China. Most isolates of Gram-positive bacteria were sensitive to vancomycin, linezolid, minocycline and tigecycline, of which more than 90% were resistant to penicillin. Most isolates of Gram-negative bacteria were sensitive to amikacin and imi...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 29, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Sepsis calculator to support antibiotic stewardship in early-onset neonatal sepsis: a meta-analysis
Establishing a diagnosis of neonatal sepsis is difficult. As such, appropriate timing of antibiotic therapy remains the biggest challenge. As a consequence of non-definitive diagnoses, inappropriate antibiotic administration is common. Recently, a sepsis calculator to estimate risk of early-onset sepsis (EOS) based on both maternal risk factors and infants'clinical presentation was established. The new EOS risk estimation using a neonatal sepsis calculator is an easy, effective, and safe tool to improve appropriate antibiotic use and outcomes. This calculator is ready to be implemented in all levels of neonatal care units....
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 29, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Discrimination Between Bacterial or Viral CAP in Children Discrimination Between Bacterial or Viral CAP in Children
Combining symptoms and blood inflammatory biomarkers may help distinguish bacterial from viral pneumonia and in turn, reduce the use of unnecessary antibiotic therapy.BMC Pulmonary Medicine (Source: Medscape Radiology Headlines)
Source: Medscape Radiology Headlines - May 29, 2019 Category: Radiology Tags: Pediatrics Journal Article Source Type: news

Just over half of teen girls diagnosed with STIs in ERs fill prescriptions
Only 54.1 percent of young women who received a diagnosis for a sexually transmitted infection in the emergency department had prescriptions filled for antimicrobial therapy to treat the condition (Source: Health News - UPI.com)
Source: Health News - UPI.com - May 28, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Fewer than 60% of young women diagnosed with STIs in emergency departments fill scripts
(Children's National Health System) Fewer than 60% of young women diagnosed with sexually transmitted infections in the emergency department fill prescriptions for antimicrobial therapy to treat these conditions, according to a research letter published online May 28, 2019, by JAMA Pediatrics. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - May 28, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Antibiotic therapy slows Alzheimer's disease in male mice
A long-term antibiotic treatment limited the growth of amyloid plaques in the brain by decreasing inflammation in the gut microbiome of male mice, researchers report in a new study. (Source: Health News - UPI.com)
Source: Health News - UPI.com - May 16, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Cost-effectiveness of rapid diagnostic assays that perform directly on blood samples for the diagnosis of septic shock
Molecular diagnostic assays that test directly whole blood provide the ability to decrease inappropriate antimicrobial therapy and improve survival in patients with septic shock. We developed a decision analysis model to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of the addition of molecular assays to blood cultures in adults admitted to medical ICUs with septic shock. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - April 25, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Parenteral Antimicrobial Tx at Home Burdens Children's Caregivers
WEDNESDAY, April 17, 2019 -- The overall burden of outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy (OPAT) is substantially higher than that of oral therapy for caregivers of children on prolonged antimicrobial therapy after hospital discharge, according... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - April 17, 2019 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Tracking global trends in the effectiveness of antibiotic therapy using the Drug Resistance Index
(Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics& Policy) Using resistance data from CDDEP's ResistanceMap and antibiotic use data obtained from IQVIA's MIDAS database, researchers calculated the DRI rates for 41 countries. Overall, the DRI rates varied widely across countries and ranged from a low of 8.1 in Sweden to a high of 71.6 in India. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - April 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news