Ambient Ozone Pollution and Daily Mortality: A Nationwide Study in 272 Chinese Cities

Conclusions: Our findings provide robust evidence of higher nonaccidental and cardiovascular mortality in association with short-term exposure to ambient ozone in China. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1849 Received: 4 March 2017 Revised: 3 October 2017 Accepted: 20 October 2017 Published: 21 November 2017 Address correspondence to H. Kan, Department of Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Fudan University, P.O. Box 249, 130 Dong-An Road, Shanghai 200032, China. Telephone: 86 (21) 5423 7908. Email: kanh@fudan.edu.cn and M. Zhou, National Center for Chronic and Noncommunicable Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 27 Nanwei Road, Xicheng District, Beijing 100050 China. Telephone: 86 (10) 6301 5058. Email: maigengzhou@126.com Supplemental Material is available online (https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1849). *These authors contributed equally to this work. The authors declare they have no actual or potential competing financial interests. Note to readers with disabilities: EHP strives to ensure that all journal content is accessible to all readers. However, some figures and Supplemental Material published in EHP articles may not conform to 508 standards due to the complexity of the information being presented. If you need assistance accessing journal content, please contact ehponline@niehs.nih.gov. Our staff will work with you to assess and meet your accessibility needs within 3 working days. Supplemental ...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: The concept of soldier-centered care often emerges in discussions about optimal physical performance and medical readiness for soldiers. Although soldier-centered care and patient-centered care have similar conceptual underpinning, it is important to clarify the unique physical and medical requirements for soldiers that differentiate soldier-centered care from patient-centered care. Implementing the defining attributes of soldier-centered care in the U.S. Army primary care setting may improve the quality of care and health outcomes for soldiers. When defining performance metrics for primary care models of care...
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: MHR may be a significant and independent predictor of poor functional outcome in patients with AIS. PMID: 31941849 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis - Category: Cardiology Tags: J Atheroscler Thromb Source Type: research
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Source: Applied Developmental Science - Category: Child Development Authors: Source Type: research
This study describes the long-term comorbidity profile and treatment burden among people with HIV-1 infection.Methods: This retrospective study included Medicaid claims data from patients with ≥1 antiretroviral (ARV) claim between 2016 and 2017 (most recent claim defined the index date), ≥1 HIV diagnosis within 1 year before index, age ≥18 years at first HIV diagnosis and
Source: Current Medical Research and Opinion - Category: Research Tags: Curr Med Res Opin Source Type: research
This study aimed to delineate changes in the patterns of prolonged grief severity in widowed adults following group bereavement interventions and to identify the predictive factors impacting these patterns. We performed a secondary analysis of data from a randomized trial of 125 Chinese widowed older adults who participated in either Loss-oriented or Dual Process group bereavement interventions. Self-ratings of prolonged grief symptoms via Inventory of Complicated Grief were subjected to latent class growth analysis to identify subgroups according to symptomatic changes among baseline, post-treatment and 8-week follow-up. ...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research
Discussion: Japan's new HTA program is a first step toward development of a universal healthcare system that can be sustainable for many years into the future. Currently, Japan's HTA program requires provision of incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs) as evidence, with quality-adjusted life years as the preferred measure. Prices can be adjusted both upward and downward according to the degree of the ICER estimate. Japan is the first country to have adopted an algorithmic method for 'ICER-based' pricing; however, HTA measures that extend beyond a single ICER estimate are needed to take full advantage of HTA in the fu...
Source: Journal of Medical Economics - Category: Health Management Tags: J Med Econ Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 January 2020Source: The Journal of the Economics of AgeingAuthor(s): Binjian Yan, Xi Chen, Thomas M. GillAbstractThis paper examines the extent to which childhood circumstances contribute to health inequality in old age and how the contributions may vary across key dimensions of health. We link the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) in 2013 and 2015 with its Life History Survey in 2014 to quantify health inequality due to childhood circumstances for which they have little control. We evaluate comprehensive dimensions of health ranging from cognitive health, mental ...
Source: The Journal of the Economics of Ageing - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 January 2020Source: American Journal of Kidney DiseasesAuthor(s): Karine E. Manera, David W. Johnson, Jonathan C. Craig, Jenny I. Shen, Talia Gutman, Yeoungjee Cho, Angela Yee-Moon Wang, Edwina A. Brown, Gillian Brunier, Jie Dong, Tony Dunning, Rajnish Mehrotra, Saraladevi Naicker, Roberto Pecoits-Filho, Jeffrey Perl, Martin Wilkie, Allison Tong, Adeera Levin, Adrian Liew, Alfonso Cueto ManzanoOutcomes reported in randomized controlled trials in peritoneal dialysis (PD) are diverse, are measured inconsistently, and may not be important to patients, families, and clinicians. The Standar...
Source: American Journal of Kidney Diseases - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 January 2020Source: American Journal of Kidney DiseasesAuthor(s): Jelmer K. Humalda, Gerald Klaassen, Hanne de Vries, Yvette Meuleman, Lara C. Verschuur, Elisabeth J.M. Straathof, Gozewijn D. Laverman, Willem Jan W. Bos, Paul J.M. van der Boog, Karin M. Vermeulen, Olivier A. Blanson Henkemans, Wilma Otten, Martin H. de Borst, Sandra van Dijk, Gerjan J. Navis, P.J.M. van der Boog, S. van Dijk, G.J. Navis, J.K. Humalda (project coordination), G. KlaassenRationale &ObjectivePatients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are particularly sensitive to dietary sodium. We evaluated a self-man...
Source: American Journal of Kidney Diseases - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Primary care is the bedrock of a health care system that works. For most people, seeing a doctor regularly can help prevent small medical concerns from turning into full-blown emergencies. For the next episode of The Dose podcast, we hear from Los Angeles Times reporter Noam Levey, who recently wrote about the differences between the primary care systems in the United States and the Netherlands through the eyes of two doctors, one working in each country.        
Source: The Commonwealth Fund: Publications - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: research
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