Snoring link to Alzheimer ’s disease unproven
Conclusion This relatively large cross-sectional analysis has found a link between certain measures of breathing problems during sleep and poorer cognitive function in middle-aged to older adults. The strengths of this study include its size and use of a prospective sleep study to assess whether people had sleep apnoea or other problems with breathing during sleep. The use of standard cognitive tests is also a strength. However, the study does have its limitations: The study did have mixed findings – while certain measures of problems with breathing during sleep (e.g. oxygen levels) were associated with cognitive outcomes, others (e.g. Apnea-Hypopnea Index) were not. This suggests that findings are not conclusive. In addition, previous studies have also had mixed results. This suggests that a systematic review which brings together all of the available evidence on this question would be helpful to assess whether, on balance, the research suggests a true link. It's not possible from this type of cross-sectional analysis to prove that breathing problems during sleep cause the differences in brain function seen. This is largely because it's not possible to establish whether participants only developed problems with brain function after they experienced sleep breathing problems. It's also difficult to be sure that the effect of all potential confounders has been removed. The study measured brain function at one time point and did not assess whether people ha...
This study explores how low-income rural Latino children and their mothers differ from their non-Latino white counterparts in terms of health, well-being, and health care access. A subsample of non-Latino white (n = 201) and Latino (n = 157) children and their mothers was drawn from the Rural Families Speak about Health Project, a multistate, cross-sectional data set developed through mixed purposive sampling methods. Findings suggest that Latino children's families were disadvantaged in terms of child health and access to health care, whereas non-Latino white children's families were disadvantaged in terms of child behavi...
This health promotion project is a 12-week program for adults in a rural West Virginia community with a body mass index (BMI) of 25 or greater. The goals of this project were to facilitate learning through modules focusing on activity and nutrition, increase knowledge of healthy activity and nutrition, and improve weight and BMI. Each 12-week session provided evidenced-based information regarding obesity, physical activity, and nutrition. Participants completed pre- and postprogram and 1-month follow-up survey/questionnaire. Results were compared for changes in activity, nutrition, and BMI. The program resulted in positive...
The purpose of this study is to examine expressed emotion and the relationship between expressed emotion and suicide probability in psychiatric outpatients (N = 350). Patients who did not receive support from anyone scored higher on the Level of Expressed Emotion (LEE) Scale than those who were supported by family, friends, or their physician provider. Scores by patients, who selected their spouse as a key person, scored higher on the LEE than those who chose one of their children. Spouses on the LEE were often depicted as being more intrusive, reactive, and intolerant when compared with their children. The probability of ...
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate generic and pediatric parenting stress in an international sample of fathers of children with type 1 diabetes. Two-hundred forty-nine fathers of children ages 2 to 10 years with type 1 diabetes completed the Parenting Stress Index, Pediatric Inventory for Parents, Dads' Active Disease Support Scale (DADS), Self-Care Inventory, and a demographic/disease-related questionnaire online. More frequency of pediatric parenting stress was associated with greater general parenting stress (r = −0.25, P
DISCUSSION: According to data from national population surveys, since 2004, cannabis use was stable or decreased among youth, and rose among adults. Results highlight the importance of consistent monitoring of use in the pre-and post-legalization periods. PMID: 29465739 [PubMed - in process]
"We're not college kids who invented a hangover cure."
Conclusions: Stent placement for treatment of carotid webs can be performed safely. Further studies are needed to confirm our findings.Intervent Neurol 2018;7:233 –240
Conclusion: CKD is frequent at PAH diagnosis and is independently associated with increased mortality. Right heart failure may induce renal hypoperfusion and congestion, and is associated with eGFR decrease.Am J Nephrol 2018;47:134 –143
Am J Nephrol 2018;47:130 –133
Conclusions: One-year chronic exposure to fluid overload is a strong independent risk factor for transfer to HD and death in prevalent PD patients. Although the fluid status of most PD patients is not easily changed over time, becoming euvolemic during the entire PD treatment period seems to be very important.Am J Nephrol 2018;47:120 –129
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