BU Study: State alcohol laws focus on drunk driving; they could do much more
(Boston University School of Medicine) A new Boston University School of Public Health (BUSPH) study finds a substantial increase in the number and strength of state laws to reduce impaired driving over the last 20 years, while laws to reduce excessive drinking remained unchanged. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Bu researchers identify privacy law gaps in high school STI health services
(Boston University School of Medicine) A new commentary by Boston University School of Public Health (BUSPH) researchers published in the journal Pediatrics uses the example of high school sexually transmitted infection (STI) programs to highlight how collaborations between schools and health departments can create gaps in student privacy. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - February 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

More teens coming out as LGBQ, but suicide attempts still high: BU study
(Boston University School of Medicine) A new Boston University School of Public Health (BUSPH) study finds that the proportion of high school students identifying as lesbian, gay, bisexual, or questioning (LGBQ) doubled from 2009 to 2017, while the LGBQ teen rate of attempted suicide went from five times the rate for their straight peers to nearly four times the rate. The study was published in the journal Pediatrics. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - February 10, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Two million Americans lost health coverage/access in Trump's first year
Over the course of 2017, positive trends in insurance coverage and healthcare access from the Affordable Care Act reversed, particularly for low-income residents of states that did not expand Medicaid. A new Boston University School of Public Health (BUSPH) study finds that two million more Americans avoided health care because of inability to pay, and/or did not have health insurance, at the end of 2017 compared to the end of 2016. (Source: World Pharma News)
Source: World Pharma News - February 4, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Featured Research Research and Development Source Type: news

Research Security: Scientists Arrested as Government Increases Efforts to Protect US Security Interests
Concerns about and oversight of foreign influence on research and espionage have been rising since 2018. In an August 2018 letter to more than 10,000 research institutions, NIH urged grant applicants and awardees to properly disclose all forms of support and financial interests and launched investigations into NIH-funded investigators who failed to properly disclose foreign financial support. Following this, an April 2019 editorial in BioScience alerted readers that investigations into foreign ties of researchers will likely spread to other agencies and need to be taken seriously. Lawmakers have also made enquiries about t...
Source: Public Policy Reports - February 4, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: AIBS Source Type: news

Researchers identify link between decreased depressive symptoms, yoga and the neurotransmitter GABA
(Boston University School of Medicine) The benefits of yoga have been widely documented by scientific research, but previously it was not clear as to how yoga exerts its physiologic effect. Now a new study from Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) proposes that yoga can increase levels of Gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA) in the short-term and completing one yoga class per week may maintain elevated GABA that could mitigate depressive symptoms. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - February 3, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Harvard professor arrested for conspiring with Chinese spies to smuggle "biological material" into communist China
(Natural News) A federal court has reportedly unsealed a shocking set of indictments implicating Charles Lieber, the head of Harvard University‘s chemistry department, as well as two Chinese nationals, for smuggling “biological material” into China and later lying about it. One of the Chinese nationals was a researcher at Boston University and a former lieutenant... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - January 31, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

New research highlights how plants are slowing global warming
(Boston University) A new paper reveals how humans are helping to increase the Earth's plant and tree cover, which absorbs carbon from the atmosphere and cools our planet. The boom of vegetation, fueled by greenhouse gas emissions, could be skewing our perception of how fast we're warming the planet. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - January 31, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Researchers build a better lung model
(Boston University School of Medicine) Using a combination of pluripotent stem cells (cells that can potentially produce any cell or tissue type) and machine learning (artificial intelligence that allows computers to learn automatically), researchers have improved how they generate lung cells. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Pneumonia recovery reprograms immune cells of the lung
(Boston University School of Medicine) Researchers have determined that after lungs recover from infection, alveolar macrophages (immune cells that live in the lungs and help protect the lungs against infection) are different in multiple ways and those differences persist indefinitely. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Increasing vitamin C intake can reduce hip fracture risk by 44 percent: Study
(Natural News) When it comes to healthy bones, people often look to calcium and vitamin D. However, experts suggest adding an unlikely vitamin to the mix: vitamin C. In a recent study published in Osteoporosis International, a team of researchers from Tufts University, Harvard Medical School and the Boston University School of Public Health revealed that taking vitamin C can potentially reduce... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - January 28, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

anti-cancer drug safe and effective for treating light chain (AL) amyloidosis
(Boston University School of Medicine) There's a new treatment option available for patients with AL amyloidosis: daratumumab. Studied in a prospective clinical trial, only one of the two clinical trials of this agent in AL amyloidosis worldwide, researchers have found this anti-cancer drug to be well tolerated and effective in patients with relapsed AL amyloidosis when used with appropriate pre- and post-infusion medications. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 27, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

BU and Thai researchers find strengths and gaps in Thailand diabetes care
(Boston University School of Medicine) A new study by researchers from Boston University School of Public Health (BUSPH) and Chulalongkorn and Mahidol Universities in Bangkok identifies the strengths and weaknesses of diabetes care in Thailand's universal health system. Published in the journal PLOS ONE, the study found that the majority of Thai adults with diabetes were never diagnosed, but that most of those who were diagnosed did receive treatment and got the condition under control. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Hyperactive immune system gene causes schizophrenia-like changes in mice
(PLOS) Excessive activity of an immune system gene previously linked to schizophrenia reproduces neural and behavioral aspects of the disease in mice, according to a new study publishing on January 14 in the open-access journal PLOS Biology by Ashley Comer and Alberto Cruz-Mart í n of Boston University and colleagues. The finding provides mechanistic support for the importance of the gene in the development of schizophrenia, and may offer a new avenue for therapy development. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Interactive virtual counselor promotes patient-provider communication about breast density
(Boston University School of Medicine) Half of women undergoing mammography have dense breasts. Mandatory dense breast notification and educational materials have been shown to confuse women rather than empower them. Now, researchers from Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) are developing a smartphone App that acts as an interactive health counselor to improve a womans' knowledge about breast density. (Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer)
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - January 13, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

Study finds novel molecular therapeutic target for colon cancer
(Boston University School of Medicine) Researchers have found a way to help make chemotherapy more effective in treating colon cancer. They identified a new pathway (RICTOR/mTORC2) as a biological target for the disease. Targeted inhibition of RICTOR or the mTORC2 pathway could be used as a distinctive therapeutic opportunity with chemotherapy for treating colon cancer. (Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer)
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - January 13, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

Increasing vitamin C intake can reduce hip fracture risk by 44 percent: Study
(Natural News) When it comes to healthy bones, people often look to calcium and vitamin D. However, experts suggest adding an unlikely vitamin to the mix: vitamin C. In a recent study published in Osteoporosis International, a team of researchers from Tufts University, Harvard Medical School and the Boston University School of Public Health revealed that taking vitamin C can... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - January 9, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Lack of insurance cause of survivorship gap in minorities with cancer, study shows
(University of Illinois at Chicago) Nearly half of the disparity in later-stage diagnosis was mediated by being uninsured or underinsured, according to a new study conducted at the University of Illinois at Chicago and Boston Medical Center/Boston University School of Medicine. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

BU docs honored by the journal Radiology
(Boston University School of Medicine) Two Boston University School of Medicine Radiology faculty have been recognized by the journal Radiology. Assistant professor Akira Murakami, M.D., and clinical instructor Priscilla Slanetz, M.D., have been awarded the 2019 Editor's Recognition Award for Special Distinction certificate for outstanding contribution to the peer review of manuscripts. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

BU researchers: Pornography is not a 'public health crisis'
(Boston University School of Medicine) Researchers from the Boston University School of Public Health (BUSPH) have written an editorial in the American Journal of Public Health special February issue arguing against the claim that pornography is a public health crisis, and explaining why such a claim actually endangers the health of the public. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Moths' flight data helps drones navigate complex environments
(PLOS) The flight navigation strategy of moths can be used to develop programs that help drones to navigate unfamiliar environments, report Ioannis Paschalidis at Boston University, Thomas Daniel at University of Washington, and colleagues, in the open-access journal PLOS Computational Biology. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - January 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

BU finds Medicaid expansion improves access to postpartum care
(Boston University School of Medicine) A new study led by a Boston University School of Public Health (BUSPH) researcher finds that new mothers in a state that expanded Medicaid (Colorado) were more likely to keep Medicaid coverage and access postpartum care than those in a similar state that had not yet expanded Medicaid (Utah). The study, published in the journal Health Affairs, found that this was especially true for new mothers who had experienced pregnancy/childbirth complications. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

A new link between fear, imitation, and antisocial behavior in children
(University of Pennsylvania) Research from Rebecca Waller of the University of Pennsylvania and Nicholas Wagner of Boston University found that children who were fearless, lacked social connection, and didn't participate in 'arbitrary imitation' -- copying acts that had no inherent function -- were more likely to develop antisocial behavior. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - January 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Researchers determine how a specific protein regulates tumor growth
(Boston University School of Medicine) Immune checkpoints are surface proteins that cancer cells use to evade immune response. These surface proteins are critical for cancer cell growth and drugs targeting these proteins have revolutionized the management of patients with a wide array of cancers. Finding a mechanism to degrade these immune checkpoints may allow the immune system to kill cancer cells. (Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer)
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - January 2, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

Veterans report health as their No. 1 worry
(Boston University School of Medicine) Health concerns are the most important readjustment challenge facing veterans in the first year after they leave military service. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Unattainable standards of beauty for today's woman
(Boston University School of Medicine) While the average American woman's waist circumference and dress size has increased over the past 20 years, Victoria's Secret fashion models have become more slender, with a decrease in bust, waist, hips and dress size, though their waist to hip ratio (WHR) has remained constant. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Faces of Biology Photo Contest Winners Selected
Three winners have been selected in the 2019 Faces of Biology Photo Contest, sponsored by the American Institute of Biological Sciences (AIBS). “Telling the story of science can often be enhanced through imagery. A great picture can educate and inspire,” said Robert Gropp, Executive Director of AIBS. “We have been working hard to help scientists strengthen their communication skills. Part of this has always involved challenging individuals to think creatively about how to share their excitement for their science with new audiences.” The AIBS Faces of Biology contest showcases biological research i...
Source: Public Policy Reports - December 27, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: AIBS Source Type: news

BU chemists develop new biodegradable adhesive
(Boston University) Boston University professor Mark Grinstaff unveiled biodegradable adhesive that is made of entirely naturally derived chemical components. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - December 18, 2019 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Researchers uncover genetic mystery of infertility in fruit flies
(Boston University School of Medicine) Researchers have discovered a novel parasitic gene in fruit flies that is responsible for destroying the eggs in the ovaries of their daughters. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - December 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Dense breast notifications are having little impact
(Boston University School of Medicine) Dense Breast Notifications (DBNs) are having little impact. (Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer)
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - December 17, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

Study finds African Americans with cancer at higher risk for blood clots
(Boston University School of Medicine) African-Americans are at higher risk for cancer-associated venous thromboembolism (VTE) as compared with patients from other races. (Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer)
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - December 16, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

BU physician receives Navy and Marine Corps Achievement Medal
(Boston University School of Medicine) Sondra Crosby, MD, associate professor of medicine and public health at Boston University Schools of Medicine and Public Health (BUSM, BUSPH), was awarded the Navy and Marine Corps Achievement Medal for superior performance of her duties while serving as Senior Medical Officer for Detachment Victor, Operational Health Support Unit, Portsmouth, Va., from March 2016-October 2019. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - December 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Novel respiratory cell changes identified from cigarette smoke exposure
(Boston University School of Medicine) Cigarette smoking changes the types of cells that are present in the respiratory track and some biological processes necessary for detoxification of cigarette smoke are restricted to specific types of cells. (Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer)
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - December 11, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

BU finds concerns about other painkillers contributed to opioid crisis
(Boston University School of Medicine) A new Boston University School of Public Health (BUSPH) study published in JAMA Network Open shows that the decline in prescriptions of non-opioid analgesics -- largely NSAIDs and COX-2 inhibitors -- in the early 2000s coincided with a marked increase in opioid prescribing. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - December 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

BU study finds new factors linked to suicide
(Boston University School of Medicine) A new study led by Boston University School of Public Health (BUSPH) researchers finds that physical illness and injury raises the risk of suicide in men but not women, along with a plethora of other insights into the complex factors that may increase a person's risk of suicide. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - December 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

BU physician to receive distinguished Chair of Medicine Award
(Boston University School of Medicine) David Coleman, MD, the John Wade Professor and Chair of the Department of Medicine at Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) and physician-in-chief at Boston Medical Center (BMC), will receive the Robert H. Williams, MD, Distinguished Chair of Medicine Award from the Association of Professors of Medicine (APM). (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - December 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Stricter alcohol policies related to lower risk of cancer
(Boston Medical Center) In a new study, researchers at Boston Medical Center and Boston University have uncovered a new association between more restrictive alcohol policies and lower rates of cancer mortality. (Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer)
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - December 4, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

MA physician assistant programs adopt first-in-nation partnership to prevent opioid abuse
(Boston University School of Medicine) Morbidity and mortality from prescription and synthetic opioid use and abuse continues to be a U.S. public health issue. In an effort to help curtail this crisis, researchers from Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) describe an approach to ensure Physician Assistant (PA) students graduating from any PA program in Massachusetts will have the knowledge and skills to prescribe opiates safely. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - December 3, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Advancement made in the visualization of large, complex datasets
(Boston University School of Medicine) An improvement to the premier data visualization tool t-distributed Stochastic Neighborhood Embedding (t-SNE), called optimized-t-SNE (opt-SNE), shines new light on researchers' ability to view exactly what is in their datasets. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - December 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Stroke rates are down by 50% for older adults – but for those younger, not so much
(Natural News) Stroke-related deaths have been steadily declining in recent years. According to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), mortality rates for stroke are now at 37.6 deaths per hundred thousand – significantly lower than in the early 2000s. However, a study by the Boston University School of Medicine noted that while the drop is true for older adults,... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - November 30, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Guns have killed 10% more young Americans each year for the last five
The wealth gap has increased most dramatically for the youngest families in the US. A Boston University expert says that poverty fuels deadly violence among young Americans. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - November 22, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

New study provides insight into the mechanisms of blood clots in cancer patients
(Boston University School of Medicine) Researchers have identified a potential new signaling pathway that may help further the understanding of blood clot formation in cancer patients and ultimately help prevent this complication from occurring. (Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer)
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - November 22, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

Can You Beat the Blues With'Downward Dog'?
THURSDAY, Nov. 21, 2019 -- New evidence bolsters the belief that yoga can offer real and lasting relief to people with depression. Dr. Chris Streeter, a psychiatrist at Boston University's School of Medicine, said the new study she led builds on... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - November 21, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Researchers discover how lungs cells respond to bacteria
(Boston University School of Medicine) Researchers have discovered that TRM cells tell surrounding lung cells to send out a signal to recruit bacteria killers called neutrophils. These finding show that immunity within the lung tissue is what provides the most protection for preventing pneumonia. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - November 21, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

BU doc honored by the American Heart Association
(Boston University School of Medicine) Emelia J. Benjamin, MD, ScM, FACC, FAHA, professor of medicine in the section of cardiovascular medicine at Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) and professor of epidemiology at Boston University School of Public Health, has received two prestigious awards from the American Heart Association (AHA). (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - November 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

BU and BMC find pediatric behavioral health care integration shows promise
(Boston University School of Medicine) A new study published in Health Services Research and led by a Boston University School of Public Health (BUSPH) researcher finds that, in the first year and a half of the program, children with mental health diagnoses who were served by the TEAM UP sites went for more primary care visits than similar children served by nearby non-participating community health centers. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - November 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Dartmouth Engineer wins Thinkers50 Award
(Thayer School of Engineering at Dartmouth) Professor Geoffrey Parker, director of Dartmouth's Master of Engineering Management program, won the Thinkers50 Digital Thinking Award presented in partnership with Accenture, along with his research partner Marshall Van Alstyne of Boston University. The pair were nominated for their analysis of the concept of the inverted firm, which shows how value is increasingly created outside rather than inside the firm. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - November 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Vietnam-era women veterans continue to experience wartime stress
(Boston University School of Medicine) Vietnam-era women veterans suffer with stress-related mental health conditions, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), major depression and generalized anxiety disorder, more than four decades after their service. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - November 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Big Study Finds Many Heart Procedures Won ’t Cut Risk of Having Heart Attack
This study clearly goes against what has been the common wisdom for the last 30, 40 years” and may lead to less testing and invasive treatment for such patients in the future, said Dr. Glenn Levine, a Baylor College of Medicine cardiologist with no role in the research. Some doctors still may quibble with the study, but it was very well done “and I think the results are extremely believable,” he said. About 17 million Americans have clogged arteries that crimp the heart’s blood supply, which can cause periodic chest pain. Cheap and generic aspirin, cholesterol-lowering drugs and blood pressure medic...
Source: TIME: Health - November 16, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: ARILYNN MARCHIONE / AP Tags: Uncategorized onetime Research Source Type: news

New candidate cancer genes identified using math models
(Boston University School of Medicine) Computational modeling is the use of computers to simulate and study the behavior of complex systems. Computational approaches are widely adopted in the bioimedical sciences and can be used to sift through large volumes of complex data to extract recurrent patterns that may point to a disease's causes and effects. (Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer)
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - November 15, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news