Road traffic disability in China: prevalence and socio-demographic disparities
Conclusions The findings demonstrate RTD were commonplace among Chinese residents and highlight existing socio-demographic disparities. Road safety initiatives are warranted to prevent RTD in China. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 29, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Lin, T., Li, N., Du, W., Song, X., Zheng, X. Tags: Health Improvement Source Type: research

Social inequalities in health expectancy and the contribution of mortality and morbidity: the case of Irish Travellers
Conclusions This study illustrated the true extent of health inequalities experienced by an indigenous minority in Europe, clarifying the importance of reducing the burden of non-fatal disabling conditions for addressing these inequalities. The health expectancy measure used has application for other similar indigenous minorities elsewhere. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 29, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Abdalla, S., Kelleher, C., Quirke, B., Daly, L., on Behalf of the All-Ireland Traveller Health Study team, Cronin, Drummond, Fitzpatrick, Frazier, Hamid, Kelly, Kilroe, Lotya, McGorrian, Moore, Murnane, Carthaigh, O'Mahony, O'Shea, Staines, Staines, Sween Tags: Health Improvement Source Type: research

Predictors of parents' intention to limit children's television viewing
Conclusions Attitudes and normative pressure play an important role in determining parents' intention to limit their child's television viewing. The beliefs that were associated with parents' intention to limit should be emphasized by health professionals and in health communication campaigns. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 29, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Bleakley, A., Piotrowski, J. T., Hennessy, M., Jordan, A. Tags: Health Improvement Source Type: research

'It was just nice to be able to talk to somebody': long-term incapacity benefit recipients' experiences of a case management intervention
Conclusions Case management approaches may offer a supportive environment in which the health needs of those in the long-term receipt of IB can be addressed. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 29, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Warren, J., Garthwaite, K., Bambra, C. Tags: Health Improvement Source Type: research

Socio-economic deprivation and risk of emergency readmission and inpatient mortality in people with sickle cell disease in England: observational study
Conclusion SCD patients from the most socio-economically deprived areas and with comorbidities are at highest risk of both SCD readmissions and in-hospital mortality, suggesting that there are inequalities in healthcare access and health outcomes amongst people with SCD. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 29, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: AlJuburi, G., Laverty, A. A., Green, S. A., Phekoo, K. J., Bell, D., Majeed, A. Tags: Health Improvement Source Type: research

Association between respiratory prescribing, air pollution and deprivation, in primary health care
Conclusions The study provides evidence that monthly respiratory prescribing in primary care is a useful indicator of the extent to which air pollution exacerbates asthma and COPD symptoms. Respiratory prescribing was higher on deprived populations. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 29, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Sofianopoulou, E., Rushton, S. P., Diggle, P. J., Pless-Mulloli, T. Tags: Health Improvement Source Type: research

The Public Health Responsibility Deal: how should such a complex public health policy be evaluated?
Conclusions Evaluations of complex interventions require not just assessment of effects (including outcomes), but also a clear conceptualization of the intervention and its processes. The way the RD and the pledges made by participant organizations has been presented makes it difficult at this stage to evaluate whether the RD ‘works’ in terms of improving health. Instead, any evaluation needs to put together a jigsaw of evidence about processes, mechanisms and potential future health and non-health impacts, in part using the current scientific evidence. This task is ongoing. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 29, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Petticrew, M., Eastmure, E., Mays, N., Knai, C., Durand, M. A., Nolte, E. Tags: Health Improvement Source Type: research

The appraisal of public health interventions: an overview
Conclusions This analysis provides a rigorous theoretical framework for decision-makers in public health. The implied paradigm shift also applies to some clinically based areas. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 29, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Fischer, A. J., Threlfall, A., Meah, S., Cookson, R., Rutter, H., Kelly, M. P. Tags: Perspectives Source Type: research

The primacy of politics: the rise and fall of evidence-based public health policy?
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 29, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Bambra, C. Tags: Editorials Source Type: research

Editorial
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 29, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Gray, S. Tags: Editorials Source Type: research

The graphic tale of how 'Obamacare' was won
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 26, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Scally, G. Tags: Book Reviews Source Type: research

The 32 Stops: Lives on London's Central Line
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 26, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Fellmeth, G. Tags: Book Reviews Source Type: research

Syria: effects of conflict and sanctions on public health: response to Coutts correspondence
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 26, 2013 Category: Health Management Tags: Corrigendum Source Type: research

Cochrane update: identifying health-related research resources relevant to low- and middle-income countries
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 26, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Stansfield, C., Weightman, A. L., Kavanagh, J., Johansen, M. Tags: Updates Source Type: research

NICE public health guidance update
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 26, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Killoran, A., Jagroo, J., Chatterton, H., Ellis, S. Tags: Updates Source Type: research

Seeing the wood and the trees: using outcomes frameworks to inform planning, monitoring and evaluation in public health
Conclusions Logic model-based outcomes frameworks are useful tools for supporting outcome-based planning and evaluation of public health interventions. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 26, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Craig, N. Tags: Public Health Practice Source Type: research

Prioritizing investments in public health: a multi-criteria decision analysis
Conclusions This paper demonstrates that it is possible to incorporate criteria other than cost-effectiveness in the prioritization of public health investment using an MCDA approach. There are numerous approaches available that adopt the MCDA framework. Further research is required to determine the most appropriate approach in different settings. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 26, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Marsh, K., Dolan, P., Kempster, J., Lugon, M. Tags: Public Health Practice Source Type: research

Who runs public health? A mixed-methods study combining qualitative and network analyses
Conclusions The most powerful individuals in public health are managers, not usually considered targets for research. As we show, they are highly influential through all stages of the policy process. This study shows the importance of understanding the daily activities of influential policy individuals. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 26, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Oliver, K., de Vocht, F., Money, A., Everett, M. Tags: Public Health Practice Source Type: research

Community intervention to prevent child maltreatment in England: evaluating the contribution of the family nurse partnership
Conclusions By targeting risk factors which are less common in the general population but which are more prevalent amongst abusive families, fewer specialist health visitors would be needed to prevent a higher percentage of child maltreatment. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 26, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Browne, K. D., Jackson, V. Tags: Health Services Quality Source Type: research

Evaluation of the Healthy LifeCheck programme: a vascular risk assessment service for community pharmacies in Leicester city, UK
Conclusions Cardiovascular risk assessment led by community pharmacies can successfully assess people from large, multi-ethnic UK populations and identify those at high cardiovascular risk or with undiagnosed cardiovascular disease. The service may improve rates of assessments undertaken by individuals who do not access health care through traditional routes. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 26, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Hunt, B. D., Hiles, S. L., Chauhan, A., Ighofose, C., Bharakhada, N., Jain, A., Davies, M. J., Khunti, K. Tags: Health Services Quality Source Type: research

Primary care and population factors associated with NHS Health Check coverage: a national cross-sectional study
Conclusions NHS Health Check coverage during 2011–12 was lower than the government projection of 18% coverage. Coverage must be increased through concerted multi-disciplinary strategies, for the programme to improve cardiovascular health in England. Considerable variation in participation between PCTs warrants attention, with enhanced support for poor performers. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 26, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Artac, M., Dalton, A. R. H., Babu, H., Bates, S., Millett, C., Majeed, A. Tags: Health Services Quality Source Type: research

Community-acquired, non-occupational needlestick injuries treated in US Emergency Departments
Conclusions US ED-treated CANSI rates are extremely low. Stricter disposal programs and the at-home use of safety devices do not appear to be needed at this time. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 26, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Jason, J. Tags: Health Protection Source Type: research

Mortality from meningococcal disease by day of the week: English national linked database study
Conclusions There are few, if any, other acute diseases in which the difference in mortality outcome between no treatment and effective treatment is so great and unequivocally related to care itself. There was no evidence of excess deaths from meningococcal disease associated with weekend care. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 26, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Goldacre, M. J., Maisonneuve, J. J. Tags: Health Protection Source Type: research

Mapping the Gypsy Traveller community in England: what we know about their health service provision and childhood immunization uptake
Conclusion There is an ongoing need to improve knowledge of population numbers and the provision of and access to services that are culturally sensitive and responsive to the needs of Gypsy Traveller communities. Whilst we have focused on describing immunization uptake, immunization services are only one component of a wider strategy for improving the health of Gypsy Travellers through effective health and social care interventions. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 26, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Dar, O., Gobin, M., Hogarth, S., Lane, C., Ramsay, M. Tags: Health Protection Source Type: research

Local implementation of a syndromic influenza surveillance system using emergency department data in Santander, Spain
Conclusions ED-based SyS in Santander complements sentinel influenza surveillance by providing timely information. Local fine tuning and definition of alert criteria are recommended to enhance validity. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 26, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Schrell, S., Ziemann, A., Garcia-Castrillo Riesgo, L., Rosenkotter, N., Llorca, J., Popa, D., Krafft, T., on Behalf of the SIDARTHa Project Consortium Tags: Health Protection Source Type: research

A systematic review of the epidemiology of unintentional burn injuries in South Asia
Conclusions Preventing burns in the household in South Asia, particularly around kitchen activities, is essential. Children in South Asia are susceptible to burns and are an important target population. Future research should focus on filling the gaps in burn epidemiology found in this review. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 26, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Golshan, A., Patel, C., Hyder, A. A. Tags: Health Improvement Source Type: research

The effect of physician's 30 s smoking cessation intervention for male medical outpatients: a pilot randomized controlled trial
Objective To study the effectiveness of a very brief advice (
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 26, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Lin, P. R., Zhao, Z. W., Cheng, K.-K., Lam, T.-H. Tags: Health Improvement Source Type: research

Trends in the prevalence of multiple substance use in adolescents in England, 1998-2009
Conclusions These findings affirm the importance of continued prevention efforts targeting individual substance uses while highlighting the policy relevance of multiple substance use and interventions which target it. These interventions should be tailored for at-risk groups including deprived adolescents and young women. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 26, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Hale, D., Viner, R. Tags: Health Improvement Source Type: research

Fuel poverty and the health of older people: the role of local climate
Conclusions Although there is regional variation in England in both the risk of fuel poverty and its effects on health, this variation is not explained by differences in rainfall and winter temperatures. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 26, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: de Vries, R., Blane, D. Tags: Health Improvement Source Type: research

Use of calorie information at fast food and chain restaurants among US youth aged 9-18 years, 2010
Conclusion Public health education efforts can benefit from research to determine how to increase usage among youth so that their food choices are appropriate for their caloric needs. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 26, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Wethington, H., Maynard, L. M., Blanck, H. M. Tags: Health Improvement Source Type: research

How far up the ladder should we go?
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 26, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Gray, S., Leung, G. M. Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Plague Hospitals. Public Health for the City in Early Modern Venice
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 1, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Wall, A. Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

NICE public health guidance update
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 1, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Killoran, A., Crombie, H., Swann, C. Tags: Updates Source Type: research

Increasing the utility of systematic reviews findings through strategic communication
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 1, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Jones, K., Baker, P., Doyle, J., Armstrong, R., Pettman, T., Waters, E. Tags: Updates Source Type: research

Syria: effects of conflict and sanctions on public health: response to Coutts correspondence
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 1, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: AlFaisal, W., Sen, K. Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Beyond sanctions: a response to Sen et al.
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 1, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Maziak, W., Coutts, A. P., Fouad, F. M. Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Public health benefits of weight loss: in response to Dixon et al.
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 1, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Dixon, K., Shcherba, S., Kipping, R. Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Nursing the tropics: nurses as agents of imperial hygiene
Background Mrs Francis Piggott proposed the Colonial Nursing Association in 1895 as a means of supplying Britain's colonies and dominions with trained professional nurses, who would support the health of white colonists abroad. Over 8400 nurses were placed between 1896 and the Association's end in 1966. Despite the burgeoning of scholarship on gender and empire over the last few decades, there is still more research to be done examining nurses as professional, working women, who present a fascinating variation on the figure of the woman traveler. Methods This essay focuses on 1896–1927, exploring how nurses were pre...
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 1, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Howell, J., Rafferty, A. M., Wall, R., Snaith, A. Tags: Chekhov ' s Corner Source Type: research

Placements in global health masters' programmes: what is the student experience?
Conclusions Placements were valuable to public health professionals in training. We encourage other programmes to share placement experience of their students, field supervisors and host organizations. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 1, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Cole, D. C., Plugge, E. H., Jackson, S. F. Tags: Education and Training Source Type: research

Does the integration of TB medical services in the general hospital improve the quality of TB care? Evidence from a case study in China
Background Moving the clinical services from tuberculosis (TB) dispensary to the integrated county hospital (called integrated approach) has been practiced in China; however, it is unknown the quality of TB care in the integrated approach and in the dispensary approach. Methods A total of 202 new TB patients were investigated using structured questionnaires in three counties implementing the integrated approach and one county implementing the dispensary approach. The quality of TB care is measured based on success rate of treatment, medical expenditure, health system delay and second-line drug use. Results The integrated...
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 1, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Sun, Q., Yin, J., Yin, X., Zou, G., Liang, M., Zhong, J., Walley, J., Wei, X. Tags: Health Services Source Type: research

Rising unemployment and increasing spatial health inequalities in England: further extension of the North-South divide
Conclusions Our study quantifies the detrimental effect of unemployment on health in England. There is a clear difference between North and South England highlighting the contribution of unemployment to spatial health inequalities. A public health priority should be to (i) prevent unemployment in the first place and (ii) provide support for the unemployed. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 1, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Moller, H., Haigh, F., Harwood, C., Kinsella, T., Pope, D. Tags: Health Services Source Type: research

Reflection as part of continuous professional development for public health professionals: a literature review
Conclusions Health education literature has reflective models which could be applied to PH practice. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 1, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Jayatilleke, N., Mackie, A. Tags: Health Services Source Type: research

Quality of routine hospital birth records and the feasibility of their use for creating birth cohorts
Conclusions The completeness of recording of hospital birth information varies greatly between hospitals in England but is improving. It may be preferable and valid to construct cohorts from only hospitals with high completeness of recording. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 1, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Murray, J., Saxena, S., Modi, N., Majeed, A., Aylin, P., Bottle, A., on behalf of the Medicines for Neonates Investigator Group Tags: Health Services Source Type: research

Certification of deaths from diabetes mellitus and obesity in England: trends into the twenty-first century
Conclusions Multiple-cause mortality statistics provide a more accurate picture than underlying cause of the total mortality burden attributed on death certificates to diabetes and obesity. Rates for both increased substantially: analysis by underlying cause alone would have missed this for diabetes. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 1, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Duncan, M. E., Goldacre, M. J. Tags: Health Services Source Type: research

Mapping mental health service access: achieving equity through quality improvement
Conclusion This work highlights the importance of QI in developing clinical services aligned to the needs of the population through the analysis of routine data matched to health needs. Mapping can be utilized to communicate complex information to inform the planning and organization of clinical service delivery and evaluate the progress and sustainability of QI initiatives. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 1, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Green, S. A., Poots, A. J., Marcano-Belisario, J., Samarasundera, E., Green, J., Honeybourne, E., Barnes, R. Tags: Health Services Source Type: research

Impact of divorce and loss of parental contact on health complaints among adolescents
Conclusions Emotional distress after divorce is not attenuated as divorce prevalence increases, but the deleterious effects of divorce on the well-being of adolescents seem to be confined to those experiencing a concomitant loss of PC. Efforts aiming at reducing parental hostility and improving mutual parental responsibility and care therefore seem important. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 1, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Reiter, S. F., Hjorleifsson, S., Breidablik, H.-J., Meland, E. Tags: Health Improvement Source Type: research

Is acculturation associated with physical activity among female immigrants in Sweden?
Conclusions Increased language proficiency has the potential to be an important health-promoting factor among immigrant women. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 1, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Jonsson, L. S., Palmer, K., Ohlsson, H., Sundquist, J., Sundquist, K. Tags: Health Improvement Source Type: research

Opportunistic screening and health promotion for type 2 diabetes: an expanding public health role for the community pharmacist
Conclusions The Diabetes Prevention Program in community pharmacies uncovered half of the clients who were at risk of diabetes and provided an opportunity for participants to learn more about the prevention of diabetes. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 1, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Dhippayom, T., Fuangchan, A., Tunpichart, S., Chaiyakunapruk, N. Tags: Health Improvement Source Type: research

Population-based prospective study on the incidence of osteoporosis-associated fractures in a German population of 200 413 inhabitants
Conclusions Retrospective methods of fracture registration do not provide sufficiently reliable data. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 1, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Bassgen, K., Westphal, T., Haar, P., Kundt, G., Mittlmeier, T., Schober, H.-C. Tags: Health Improvement Source Type: research