Dietary quality among the elderly in Germany: a retirement-nutrition puzzle?
ConclusionThe analysis suggests there is no general need to target nutrition policy at a retirement-nutrition puzzle. However, pensioners are a very diverse group, and it remains a task for future research to disaggregate the findings for different clusters of retired persons. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - May 25, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Erratum to: Genetics in the medical and psychosocial practice: on the role of value hierarchies in counselling
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - May 22, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Classmate characteristics, class composition and children ’s perceived classroom climate
ConclusionClassmate characteristics and class composition deserve more research attention and can be important considerations when aiming to improve the classroom climate and children ’s well-being in general. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - May 20, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Impact of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) on identifying insulin resistance among apparently healthy individuals
AbstractAimsInsulin resistance has been implicated as a risk factor for metabolic disorders. Due to the clinical interest in insulin resistance, it is of great importance to develop a simple test that can be used in routine clinical settings for identifying insulin-resistant individuals in advance. Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) has been considered as a potentially good indicator of overall glycemic exposure and likely risk for long-term complications. Therefore, this study is designed to investigate the importance of HbA1c in predicting insulin resistance among apparently healthy at-risk German populations.MethodsThe associa...
Source: Journal of Public Health - May 8, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Does ambulance utilization differ between urban and rural regions: a study of 112 services in a populated city, Izmir
ConclusionThis study confirms that gender, age, and rural-urban distinctions are major factors that affect demand for these services and should therefore to be taken into consideration in operations management. It also highlights the need for a specific focus on rural regions and elderly citizens. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 24, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Does socio-economic status in Greece affect participation in cancer screening programmes during the period of financial crisis?
ConclusionThe financial crisis is complex and several factors affect all levels of the health system. Greece has no organised population-based screening programme. Mean annual income and education level determine participation in cancer screening in women visiting a major state anticancer hospital. Moreover, reduced public health spending in a prolonged austerity setting will hinder the participation of unemployed and less educated women in regular preventive activities, thus breaching the human right to access to health prevention. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 22, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Prevalence of diabetic-hypertensive patients in the current population of Dhaka City
AbstractAimDiabetes and hypertension, which share several common risk factors, are rising at an alarming rate in the population of Dhaka, the capital city of Bangladesh. A cross-sectional study was carried out to visualize the co-occurrences of these two chronic diseases in this particular region.Subjects and methodsParameters including complete blood count, serum lipid profile, blood pressure, serum glucose and serum creatinine level were measured to determine the prevalence of these diseases. Statistical analysis of 2000 participants aged 31 –90 years was conducted, whereby 1000 participants were normal and 10...
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 22, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Diagnostic accuracy of different methods of early detection of chronic kidney disease
ConclusionsThe results of the present study indicate that the CKD-EPI formula is the best method for estimating the GFR. Thus, it is possible to implement low-cost actions focused on the early detection and prevention of complications of CKD. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 21, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The cost-effectiveness of population Health Checks: have the NHS Health Checks been unfairly maligned?
ConclusionsMuch of the criticism of the Health Checks has focussed on the relatively small average change in risk factors such as BMI. However, this analysis suggests that the significant health and cost-saving benefits from even a modest reduction in mean BMI, coupled with the low costs of the Checks, combine to result in a potentially highly cost-effective policy. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 21, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Methodology for identification of healthstyles for developing effective behavior change interventions
ConclusionsThe developed survey methodology and segmentation methods were successfully applied to produce statistically stable clusters in both schoolchildren and adults. The statistical methods chosen for segmentation and validation of clusters seem suitable to identify healthstyles. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 15, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Women ’s life span and age at parity
ConclusionThere are several determinant factors of women ’s life expectancy. The most surprising factor is the age of women at pregnancy, which may provide evidence to promote pregnancy in the early 30’s. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 14, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Association between occlusal alterations and dental caries in preschool children
AbstractPurposeTo assess whether there is an association between occlusal alterations and dental caries in the primary dentition among preschool children.MethodsA cross-sectional study was developed with a representative sample of 698 children aged 3 to 5 years randomly selected from a population in this age group at private and public preschools. Dental caries (dependent variable) and occlusal alterations (independent variables) were evaluated through a clinical examination. Parents/caregivers responded to a questionnaire concerning socio-demographic indicators and the child ’s characteristics. Descriptive analysis,...
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 12, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Gender influence on health and risk behavior in primary prevention: a systematic review
AbstractAimPrevention plays a crucial part in healthcare systems and is greatly influenced by the health and risk behavior of the population. The extent to which special tailoring to the addressed subjects would be helpful in improving the effectiveness of prevention measures is unknown. Therefore, the goal of this systematic review is to assess gender-specific differences in primary prevention actions.Subject and MethodsA systematic review was conducted in 2015 by searching the PubMed (Medline) and Cochrane Library databases as well as adding additional studies by cross-referencing. The search focused on studies with an a...
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 12, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Reasons for self-testing —beyond the passive users. Results from a nationwide sample in Germany
ConclusionsThe majority of the German testers actively sought a self-test. Self-testers ’ follow-up behaviour and their emotional perceptions need to be investigated. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 10, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Analysis of survival rates and prognostic factors among patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma
Conclusion: Clinical stage and degree of tumor invasion are important prognostic factors for OSCC. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 5, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Effect of basic periodontal treatment on glycemic control and inflammation in patients with diabetes mellitus type 1 and type 2: controlled clinical trial
AbstractObjectiveCompare the response of basic periodontal therapy in diabetes patients with diabetes type 1 and type 2.Materials and methodsWe selected 70 patients with periodontitis; these were divided into three groups: the control group (n  = 11), systemically healthy patients; test group 1 (n = 14), patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus; test group 2 (n = 27), patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The groups received basic periodontal treatment after clinical examination. The analyses were performed at 0, 3 and 6 mont hs; clinical parameters included the amount of peri...
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 21, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Factors associated with health-related quality of life among children with cancer from the standpoint of patients and caregivers
ConclusionsThe patient and caregiver symptom reports yielded distinct results, although cognitive difficulties and smiling with embarrassment were significantly associated with impaired quality of life on both types of reports. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 4, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Does tobacco addiction relate to oral mucosal changes? An epidemiological study from North India
AbstractObjectiveTobacco use in both smokeless and smoked forms is a very common addiction in India, with high prevalence in northern India. The relationship between tobacco consumption and oral mucosal changes and ulceration is not well documented and studied in the literature. The aim of this study is to explore the extent of tobacco use and its relationship with the development of mouth ulcers.MethodsCross-sectional health camps were organized through community outreach for a previously unscreened population in the Braj region in Uttar Pradesh, India. A total of 2053 individuals were screened for common health-related i...
Source: Journal of Public Health - January 25, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Public health awareness: knowledge, attitude and behaviour of the general public on health risks during the H1N1 influenza pandemic
ConclusionAlthough the general public had reasonable knowledge regarding the influenza epidemics, they were still unclear regarding details of the information such as the spread of the illness as well as preventative measures. Health information dissemination should be enhanced to create more awareness regarding pandemics, especially salient information about the availability of a vaccination. The findings also highlight the importance of providing information that increases community health awareness on personal hygiene and safety measures and reduces fear of the spread of disease. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - January 24, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Sports and martial arts activities for public health purposes: the musician ’s risk profiles and exercise-based health care as a model
ConclusionSports organisations provide a wide spectrum of facilities for sports-oriented lifestyles; however, informal experience and relevant publications let us assume that they rather do not explore how to optimise preventative and health-related benefits, except for training with personal coaches. And yet, relatively simple screening methods and individually adjusted intensities, modes, and frequencies of trainings can enhance benefits and greatly contribute to public health, which would, however, require a stronger health awareness of providers and specific education of sports coaches. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - January 23, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Attitudes towards brain death and conceptions of the body in relation to willingness or reluctance to donate: results of a student survey before and after the German transplantation scandals and legal changes
AbstractBackgroundIn Germany, two events regarding organ donation in 2012 happened: media reported about allocation scandals and regulations concerning regular public information were implemented. Public mistrust as a result of the scandals was repeatedly utilized to explain the current decrease in donation rates.MethodsTo test for public attitudes towards organ donation, a comprehensive survey with 55 sets of closed questions was conducted twice (2008/09 and 2014/15) with students of medicine and economics (totaln = 1403) at the University of Göttingen. Statistical analysis involved a multivariate regre...
Source: Journal of Public Health - January 22, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Patient assessment of chronic illness care in the Family Medicine Outpatient Clinic, Suez Canal University, Egypt
ConclusionsThere is a deficiency in chronic illness care presented, especially patient activation which is important bulk in care of chronic diseases and there is a need for training of the health care providers about the Chronic Care Model for better patient activation and improvement in the quality of chronic care. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - January 21, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Risk adjustment of self-reported clinical outcomes in Dutch mental health care
ConclusionThe baseline level of symptoms is the best predictor of the posttest level. The other investigated case mix variables only have a modest influence on the performance of providers. Risk adjustment is particularly necessary when consequences are related to the performance of an individual provider. These results contribute to the limited literature on risk adjustment in mental health care by using a large national data set. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - January 16, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Unsuccessful applications to increase or decrease the over-the-counter (OTC) availability of drugs in Germany between 2009 and 2014
ConclusionsInsufficient data relevant to self-medication remains a common challenge for regulators. Further research on drug utilisation in the OTC setting and its implications for regulatory decisions is necessary. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - December 28, 2016 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Prevalence and risk factors for developing traumatic childbirth in Iran
This study aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with traumatic childbirth.Subject and methodsIn this cross-sectional study, 400 women were interviewed in the first 48  h after childbirth in Torbate-heydariyeh (eastern Iran) in 2015. Traumatic childbirth was determined based on DSM-V-A criteria. Statistical analysis of the data was done through chi-square and logistic regression.ResultsThe prevalence of traumatic childbirth was 48.3% (N = 193). Logistic regression showed variables such as place of residence, type of delivery, pregnancy complications, bleeding during pregnancy, rup...
Source: Journal of Public Health - December 28, 2016 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Analysis of smoking cessation beliefs in pregnant smokers and ex-smokers using the Theory of Planned Behavior
ConclusionOur results suggest that attitude, subjective norms, support especially from the partner, and perceived behavioral control are associated with actual smoking behavior in pregnant women and not with intention to quit smoking. It is important to engage the partner and/or significant others in smoking cessation counselling so that they can support the pregnant woman in an attempt to quit or to maintain abstinence. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - December 24, 2016 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Health literacy of patients admitted for elective surgery
ConclusionMore than one third of the patients admitted to the hospital for surgery had limited health literacy. Healthcare professionals should be aware of the different health literacy levels and tailor their information provision strategies accordingly. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - December 6, 2016 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Public health burden of sleep disorders: underreported problem
ConclusionsSleep deficiency not only has side effects on the personal level, but also can cause harm on a larger scale through chronic disease, motor vehicle accidents, and workplace accidents. A better understanding of sleep and its effects encourages a better quality of life and fewer hazardous behaviors.Clinical implicationsSleep is an active state of recovery during which the optimal function of all body systems is reinstated. Sleep repairs and prevents occurrence of chronic diseases such as cancer, diabetes, and obesity. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - December 6, 2016 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Validation of the German Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale (WEMWBS) in a community-based sample of adults in Austria: a bi-factor modelling approach
This article reports on the validation of the German version of the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale (WEMWBS) in a community-based sample of adults living in Vienna, Austria (n = 625).Subject and methodsFor psychometric property testing, survey data were rigorously analysed with advanced multivariate methods under aspects of validity and reliability. The properties of the total scale scores are examined by descriptive statistics.ResultsThere was a high response rate to the scale (94.2%) with uni-modal distributed and slightly skewed items. The one-factor Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) model was n...
Source: Journal of Public Health - December 3, 2016 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Causes of variability in prevalence rates of communicable diseases among secondary school Students in Kisumu County, Kenya
AbstractPurposeTo determine causes of variability in communicable disease prevalence rates among students in secondary schools to inform policy formulation in the public health sector.MethodsA representative cluster sample size for students was estimated using Fisher et al. ’s formula while schools, sub-counties and education zones were clustered and sample size was calculated based on coefficient of variation by school type. Data were collected by questionnaire, medical examination using standard procedures, and focus group discussion, and descriptive analysis was p erformed on the completed questions. Comparisons b...
Source: Journal of Public Health - December 3, 2016 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Effect of socio-demographic factors and obesity on blood pressure among adults based on health status in Gaza, Palestine
ConclusionBlood pressure increased by elevated body mass index and waist circumference; participants who have a mother with hypertension and/or diabetes are most likely to have higher blood pressure. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - December 2, 2016 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Comparing strategies to improve the implementation of healthy nutrition in kindergartens: a prospective observational study
ConclusionsThis study did not provide evidence for the effectiveness of a particular implementation strategy in comparison to the other strategies. However, contrasts between the study groups were limited by the high levels of nutrition-related activities and availability of healthy foods in all groups. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - December 1, 2016 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Premature deciduous tooth loss and orthodontic treatment need: a 6-year prospective study
AbstractAimThe premature loss of a deciduous tooth may disrupt the normal development of the occlusion, leading to orthodontic treatment need. This prospective study aimed to assess the association between premature deciduous tooth loss and malocclusion development and, consequently, orthodontic treatment need.Subjects and methodsA total of 110 children (mean age: 6.4  years) participated in this study. The children were divided into two groups: an exposed group with premature deciduous tooth loss (n = 56) and an unexposed group without premature deciduous tooth loss (n = 54). Their clinical charts were analyzed and c...
Source: Journal of Public Health - December 1, 2016 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Knowledge of parents from public and private school students on emergency management of avulsed permanent teeth
AbstractAimTo evaluate the level of general knowledge of parents with regards to first-aid measures for permanent tooth avulsion and to correlate such knowledge with their children ’s school setting (public or private).Subjects and methodsA total of 179 parents answered a questionnaire containing 6 objective questions regarding the management of dental avulsion and emergency procedures. Data concerning the age and schooling of the respondents were also obtained.ResultsParents from the private school group had higher levels of education and were more likely to have a correct attitude regarding the immediate replantati...
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 30, 2016 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Chronic kidney disease in primary care in Germany
ConclusionIn this representative sample of patients seeking medical advice in primary care, the prevalence of impaired kidney function was almost one third. Given the therapeutic implications, our results call for focused measures to increase the awareness of CKD in primary care. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 22, 2016 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Forensic expertise and child abuse: a survey among preventive child healthcare workers in Amsterdam, the Netherlands
ConclusionsAlthough PCHWs regularly have suspicions of physical child abuse and have a very positive attitude towards consulting a forensic physician, consultation rates are very low. More research is needed to understand barriers to consultation of forensic physicians. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 14, 2016 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Alcohol health warnings can influence the speed of consumption
ConclusionThese are the first set of results to demonstrate how the use of strong health warnings on alcoholic beverages can influence actual drinking rate and further suggest that the beneficial effects of slowed consumption are possible in the absence of any reduction in consumer acceptability. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 26, 2016 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Cancer incidence in Ireland —the possible role of diet, nutrition and lifestyle
ConclusionsOur data suggest that unfavourable diet and nutrient intakes prevail in Ireland and that these may contribute to Ireland ’s excess cancer burden. These risk factors should be targeted by interventions seeking to sustainably redress Ireland’s high cancer incidence. Such initiatives may provide a template for intervention in other high-risk countries. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 25, 2016 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Association of alcohol use with problematic mobile phone use and depressive symptoms among college students in Anhui, China
ConclusionWe conclude that there is a significant relationship between PMPU and alcohol use, and a significant multiplicative interactive effect of PMPU and depressive symptoms with alcohol use among college students, in Anhui, China. These findings may have important implications for designing and implementing mental health programs at universities. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 20, 2016 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Suicide: a concept analysis
ConclusionUnderstanding the concept of suicide would help clinicians comprehend their patients and suicidal behaviour and improve intervention methods. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 19, 2016 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Planning and implementing a targeted and strategic dissemination plan for a Cochrane review: a case study
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 19, 2016 Category: Health Management Authors: Jones, K., Hollands, G. J., Shemilt, I., Doyle, J., Armstrong, R. Tags: Cochrane Update Source Type: research

Childhood idols, shifting from superheroes to public health heroes
It is early Saturday morning: a day for heroes. Bogged down with various costumes, capes and action figures, young Nikoli bounds downstairs to catch reruns of Teen Titans. He puts his newly acquired reading skills to work, studying comic books and recreating the adventures therein. Nikoli imagines himself as the hero in his comics, defeating villains and saving victims, imitating the poses and catchphrases in the mirror. Although children like Nikoli will never gain super strength or the ability to fly, the superheroes they emulate in play are examples of people they can aspire to be. They don't even have to be fictional h...
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 19, 2016 Category: Health Management Authors: Brown, B., Nasiruddin, M., Cabral, A., Soohoo, M. Tags: Chekhov ' s Corner Source Type: research

Blind Spot: How Neoliberalism Infiltrated Global Health
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 19, 2016 Category: Health Management Authors: Smith, J. Tags: Book review Source Type: research

Oxford Textbook of Global Public Health
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 19, 2016 Category: Health Management Authors: Ashton, J. Tags: Book review Source Type: research

Obesity Interventions in Underserved Communities: Evidence and Directions
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 19, 2016 Category: Health Management Authors: Henderson, E. J. Tags: Book review Source Type: research

Public health coming home
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 19, 2016 Category: Health Management Authors: Caan, W. Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Rethinking police training policies: large class sizes increase risk of police sexual misconduct
Background The limited research on police sexual misconduct (PSM), a common form of police misconduct, suggests that no evidence-based strategies for prevention are available for use by police departments. To identify new avenues for prevention, we critically evaluated ‘front-end’ police recruiting, screening, hiring and training procedures. Methods Internal Affairs records were linked with administrative reports and police academy graduation data for officers accused of sexual assault or misconduct between 1994 and 2014. Logistic and proportional hazards regression methods were used to identify predictors of ...
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 19, 2016 Category: Health Management Authors: Reingle Gonzalez, J. M., Bishopp, S. A., Jetelina, K. K. Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Body mass index relates weight to height differently in women and older adults: serial cross-sectional surveys in England (1992-2011)
Background Body mass index (BMI) tends to be higher among shorter adults, especially women. The dependence of BMI–height correlation on age and calendar time may inform us about temporal determinants of BMI. Methods Series of cross-sectional surveys: Health Survey for England, 1992–2011. We study the Benn Index, which is the coefficient in a regression of log(weight) on log(height). This is adjusted for age, gender and calendar time, allowing for non-linear terms and interactions. Results By height quartile, mean BMI decreased with increasing height, more so in women than in men (P
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 19, 2016 Category: Health Management Authors: Sperrin, M., Marshall, A. D., Higgins, V., Renehan, A. G., Buchan, I. E. Tags: Original article Source Type: research

A review of 1000 referrals to Walsall's hospital eye service
Conclusions In view of findings from this study, it is important for commissioners in the new reconfigured National Health Service to ensure that enhanced ophthalmic services are commissioned only on the basis of hard evidence sourced from local data rather than opinion or on data from another geographical area. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 19, 2016 Category: Health Management Authors: Fung, M., Myers, P., Wasala, P., Hirji, N. Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Promoting early presentation of breast cancer in women over 70 years old in general practice
Conclusion Delivery of the PEP intervention in general practice was very effective at raising the awareness of breast cancer among older women. Primary care settings are well placed to enhance the reach of this kind of intervention to at-risk women. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 19, 2016 Category: Health Management Authors: Campbell, J., Pyer, M., Rogers, S., Jones, J., Ramirez, A. J., Forbes, L. J. L. Tags: Original article Source Type: research