The work –family conflict and quality of care given by nurses: a cross-sectional questionnaire survey
ConclusionTo reduce the work –family conflict, educational courses must be provided for correct planning in both the family and the working lives of nurses. Managers can also contribute to increasing nurses’ job satisfaction and ameliorating work–family conflict by reducing workloads, in turn improving the quality of nurs ing care. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 28, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Physical activities among medical –surgical nurses: a descriptive cross-sectional study
ConclusionsPrevalence of physical activity among nurses in Brunei was higher than in previous studies. However, there was a stark difference between physical activities at work and outside work. Sport and exercise are needed to provide sufficient muscle strength and physical fitness to effectively carry out the role of health educator and provide the highest possible quality patient care. Relevant authorities should take necessary interventions to help nurses practice a better culture of physical activity. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 28, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Musculoskeletal pain and its correlates among secondary school female teachers in Aljouf region, Saudi Arabia
ConclusionSecondary school female teachers showed a high prevalence of musculoskeletal pain in most anatomic sites, such as low back, knee, shoulder, neck, elbow, and wrist. Significant predictors of disabling musculoskeletal pain were age more than 40 years, not practicing exercise, more than ten years of teaching, and non-comfortableness of school furniture. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 28, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Evaluating Centering group prenatal care in rural women with low socioeconomic status to promote access to care and improve pregnancy outcomes
ConclusionDespite relative progress in promoting evidence-based PNC, maternal and neonatal disparities persist in rural communities. These findings indicate further need to explore social determinants of PNC use and outcomes. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 28, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Dark side of health-predicting health behaviors and diseases with the Dark Triad traits
ConclusionDespite conceptual similarities among psychopathy, narcissism and Machiavellianism, the three measures examined in this study are non-redundant and demonstrate significant incremental prediction of health indicators beyond gender, age and impulsivity. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 26, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Influence of oral health in the quality of life of preschoolers in a faculty-based practice in Rio de Janeiro
AbstractAimTo evaluate the influence of oral health status on the quality of life of preschool children using the dmft and pufa indexes, crossing information with the B-ECOHIS questionnaire to achieve quality of life related to oral health (OHRQoL).Subjects and methodsAll children, healthy, between 3 and 5  years old, with a primary dentition who sought dental care at the Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics at Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, during a period of 2 months, were selected and divided into two groups: advanced caries: dmft score ≥ 1 and pufa score ≥&thi...
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 22, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Correction to: National prevalence rate of hepatitis B and C in Pakistan and its risk factors
During typesetting of the article, one of alphabet was missed in author name Hafiz Muzzammel Rehman and it became “Rehan”. The original article has been corrected. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 22, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Do interventions promoting medical homes in FQHCs improve continuity of care for Medicare beneficiaries?
ConclusionsFQHCs already have high levels of PCCOC. These levels did not increase in association with the 3-year PCMH demonstration. Continuity for practices is higher than for providers, suggesting that Medicare beneficiaries may see multiple providers within one FQHC. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 20, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Effectiveness of the IQM peer review procedure to improve in-patient care —a pragmatic cluster randomized controlled trial (IMPRESS): study design and baseline results
ConclusionThe IMPRESS study provides a unique opportunity to assess the impact of the IQM peer review on the mortality in patients ventilated> 24  h. The secondary, exploratory, and qualitative analyses are expected to provide insights on determinants of in-hospital mortality, structure and process quality, and the robustness of different approaches to risk adjustment of quality indicators. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 12, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Exploring knowledge translation practices in a global health program: case study on the establishment of the Pakistan National Maternal, Neonatal, and Child Health Program
ConclusionWhile effective program planning in low middle-income countries can greatly benefit from knowledge translation practices, explaining processes from evidence generation to the final step of key decisions is valuable in understanding the complexities involved in such settings. The study begins to fill a critical gap in literature in illustrating real-world program planning in resource-constrained countries, lagging in maternal and child health indicators. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 10, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Does health and medical research consider geographic factors affecting study participants: a retrospective snapshot analysis of 11 leading journals
ConclusionsThese findings indicate that insufficient attention is given to the geographic location of participants. This failure means that the outcomes and recommendations of the research base may be invalid for a large section of the world ’s population and result in inequities in healthcare services. There is an emerging concern about using this evidence base for developing health guidelines and policy frameworks, as the needs of a substantial proportion of the population may not have been appropriately captured. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 10, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Inequity in utilization of health care facilities during childbirth: a community-based survey in post-conflict Northern Uganda
ConclusionThere was inequity in the utilization of health facilities for childbirth. Programs that promote health facility births should prioritize poorer mothers and those in rural areas. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 9, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Associations between socioeconomic development and mortality —a small area panel data analysis in Taiwan, 2000–2015
ConclusionWe can say that there is still health inequality in central Taiwan and we advocate the importance of universal education, especially for the disadvantaged, to achieve the goal of health for all. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 8, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Diseases associated with age-related cataract: a health-board-based retrospective study focusing on common physiopathological mechanisms
ConclusionsPatients with age-related cataract have various comorbidities. This may be caused by the aging process but may not always be a normal part of aging. Thus, diseases among elderly individuals should not be considered in isolation. Studies focusing on common physiopathological mechanisms may be helpful to understand the development of comorbidities. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 7, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Evaluation of an educational intervention on physicians ’ knowledge about adverse drug reaction reporting system
ConclusionThe knowledge about the pharmacovigilance system improved after the intervention. Further studies are required on a larger scale and involving other healthcare professionals to promote a better healthcare system. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 7, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Prevalence of psychiatric disorders in Hajj pilgrims using MINI as a diagnostic tool
This study aims to estimate the prevalence of psychiatric disorders among Hajj pilgrims.MethodsPilgrims were recruited through multi-stage random sampling for a total duration of 20  days during the 2016 Hajj. Semi-structured interviews were performed that included demographics, medical background, and assessment on the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) scale to diagnose psychiatric disorders.ResultsOut of the 513 pilgrims appraised, 37 (7.2%) had one or more psychiatric disorders. The most common psychiatric conditions were major depressive disorders (2.0%), agoraphobia (1.8%), and psychotic disord...
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 3, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Are we there yet? Use of the Ottawa Charter action areas in the perspective of European health promotion professionals
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 3, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Relationships between effort-reward imbalance and work engagement in police officers: taking a salutogenic perspective
ConclusionAn imbalance between effort and reward is associated with reduced work engagement in the sample of police officers. While effort is not accountable for reduced work engagement, esteem and security rewards are capable of promoting work engagement. Workplace interventions at the level of the supervisors and the department as well as public image campaigns may promote rewards in police work to foster work engagement. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 3, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Structured teaching programme enhances the knowledge of mothers to take care of children with leukaemia
ConclusionFrom the study results, it can be concluded that a structured teaching programme on knowledge about home management of chemotherapy side effects was found to be effective in increasing the knowledge among parents of children who receive chemotherapy. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 1, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Influences of genetics, lifestyle and environment on obese and non-obese university students in Malaysia
AbstractAimTo investigate the association among genetics, lifestyle and environmental factors in obese and non-obese university students in Malaysia.Subjects and methodsA cross-sectional study was conducted on students who were studying at universities in Selangor and Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Face-to-face interviews were conducted using a pre-tested, self-administered questionnaire, consisting of three major parts: demographics, factors influencing body weight and actions to alter or maintain the present body weight.ResultsMost of the parents and siblings of young obese participants were also obese compared with non-obese p...
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 1, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

To switch or not to switch —first Germany-wide study from the perspective of pharmacists in the European environment
ConclusionPharmacists strongly welcome further switches. This leads to high acceptance rates, especially for a switch of desloratadine, as this was the most named active ingredient possible for a switch within the survey.Impact of findings on practice statementsThe outcome of this survey can support pharmaceutical companies in decision-making about which active substances they should submit a switch application for. Additionally, this helps fulfil patient needs, because pharmacists know best what is beneficial for patient self-care. In addition, all other actors involved in this process can see what is required and can ret...
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Impact of chronic disorders and obesity on quality of life in Northern Jordan
This study aimed to assess the health-related quality of life (QoL) among Jordanian adults with chronic disorders.Methods and samplingA cross-sectional design using the convenience sampling technique was implemented and face-to –face interviews were carried out with 915 Jordanians who attended several shopping centers in Northern Jordan. The QoL was assessed using the Short Form 36 (SF-36) Health Survey.ResultsData were obtained from 915 Jordanian adults from the general public with a mean age of 33.8  years (standard deviation, SD ± 28.2). Obesity was prevalent in 23.0% of the participants ...
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Differences in inflammatory bowel diseases between East and West: a Chinese perspective
ConclusionBased on the current findings, the disease burden, characteristics, and treatment of Chinese IBD patients are slightly different to those of Western IBD patients. There are still great improvement requirements for the clinical management of IBD in China. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 27, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

A case-control study on lifestyle-related factors of hypertension in Iran
ConclusionThe results of the present study revealed that raising public awareness helps to recognize risk factors and correct lifestyles, and planning to educate people and instructing them on how to manage mental pressures can reduce the pressure induced by diseases such as hypertension. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 27, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Physical fitness and psycho-cognitive performance in the young and middle-aged workforce with primarily physical versus mental work demands
AbstractAimThe purpose of this study was to examine physical fitness and psycho-cognitive performance and their associations in young and middle-aged workers with primarily physical versus mental work demands.Subjects and methodsHealthy young and middle-aged workers (73 men, age  = 33 ± 7 years; 75 women, age = 35 ± 9 years) were recruited from German small-to-medium-sized enterprises (
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 25, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Reproductive health decision-making capacity and pregnancy termination among Ghanaian women: Analysis of the 2014 Ghana demographic and health survey
ConclusionRDM capacity, region, contraceptive use and intention, media exposure, level of education and parity are associated with pregnancy termination among Ghanaian women. To reduce pregnancy termination, regular integrated community-based outreach programmes targeted at generating community awareness of the effectiveness of modern contraception in prevention of unintended pregnancy are needed. Such efforts will go a long way toward reducing unintended pregnancy and subsequently bringing about reductions in induced abortion. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 24, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Recent trends of tobacco use in India
ConclusionsLack of awareness among people belonging to poor socioeconomic strata of the society, societal influence, and poor implementation of anti-tobacco laws could be the possible reasons for its widespread incidence. Hence, more rigorous anti-tobacco campaigns and widespread implementation of anti-tobacco regulations are the need of the hour. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 19, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Explaining the causes of crystal addiction in Tehran: a qualitative approach
ConclusionsRaising the awareness and attitude of young people and their families about crystal, teaching families how to properly supervise their children and the behaviors of their friends, as well as increasing social support in times of life crisis, could significantly tend to reduce the use of crystal in the community. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 17, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Spirituality as predictor of depression, anxiety and stress among engineering students
ConclusionThe most influencing spirituality dimensions are relationship with self and relationship with others. The sense of spirituality of female students is stronger than that of male students. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 14, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Do beliefs differ between frequent and infrequent hand-held and hands-free phone users while driving? A Polish study
ConclusionsThese results demonstrate potential directions for behavioural change aimed at reducing or preventing the use of mobile phones while driving. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 13, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

A cross-sectional assessment of patient satisfaction with pharmacy performance attending a public healthcare institute of Quetta city, Pakistan
AbstractAimThe current study aimed to assess patients ’ satisfaction with the pharmacy performance of an outpatient pharmacy and its variation with socio-demographic characteristics in Quetta, Pakistan.Subjects and methodsThe study was designed as a questionnaire-based, cross-sectional analysis. Data were collected from patients attending the medicine outpatient department of the Sandeman Provincial Hospital (SPH) Quetta, Pakistan. Besides the demographic information, the Patient Satisfaction with Pharmacy Performance questionnaire (PSPP-Q) was used for data collection. The cutoff values of being satisfied/dissatisfi...
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 13, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

General health and self-efficacy for health practices of pregnant women: is it important for motherhood?
ConclusionsPregnant women had slight general health disorders and moderate self-efficacy for health practices. According to the findings, increasing general health status of pregnant women improved their self-efficacy for health practices. Therefore, general health-promoting interventions are recommended to improve self-efficacy for health practices of pregnant women. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 10, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Development of a pharmacists ’ antibiotic shared decision-making tool for adolescents in upper respiratory tract infections
ConclusionTo the best of our knowledge, this is the first SDM aid developed for antibiotic use among adolescents based on local data. Further work should be performed to promote its use, to ensure positive outcome of antibiotic use in upper respiratory infections. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 9, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

A comprehensive description of sitting time in Brazilian adults: a population-based study
ConclusionParticipants in our study reported a median sitting time of 3 and 4  h for week and weekend days respectively. We further observed an association between sitting time and age, socioeconomic status, educational attainment, and disability. Identifying groups at higher levels of sitting time is critical for devising initiatives aiming to reduce time spent in sedentary behavior, increase physical activity, and improve health. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 9, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Occupational exposure: rural Australian farmers ’ sun-protective behaviours
ConclusionThese results indicate a need for appropriate and targeted primary prevention health education messages to encourage farmers to improve their sun-protection practices and undertake annual skin checks to enable early detection of skin cancers. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 3, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

National prevalence rate of hepatitis B and C in Pakistan and its risk factors
ConclusionsPunjab was the most infected region in Pakistan, along with the interior of Sindh and war-affected regions. Mass movement programs result in internally displaced persons (IDPs) in many temporary camps of Pakistan, which act as safe havens for the transfer of viruses. Barbers, blood transfusion, and IDUs are the most prevalent routes of transfer, along with new emerging factors, such as ear and nose piercings and IDPs. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 3, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Socio-economic determinants of participation in the Lolland-Falster health study
ConclusionSubjects with lower socio-economic status were underrepresented halfway through the LOFUS data collection, in line with other cohort studies. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - May 31, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Self-esteem and perceived social support among Sarahah users
ConclusionSarahah users have lower self-esteem than non-users. Future studies investigating other psychological deficits related to Sarahah use are  needed. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - May 28, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Caring for older persons in rural and urban communities: perspectives of Ghanaian informal caregivers on their coping mechanisms
ConclusionThe findings provide key strategies to policy-makers in the health sector to prevent the burnout of informal caregivers. Considerations from the coping mechanisms enumerated in the current study could guide the design and implementation of policies towards improving the informal healthcare sector in Ghana, which is crucial to the realisation of the United Nations ’ health-related Sustainable Development Goals. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - May 26, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Oral manifestations in patients with anorexia and bulimia nervosa: a systematic review
ConclusionThe final number of studies was six; all of them dealt with the question of oral manifestations found in patients with anorexia and bulimia nervosa, and presented validity and consistency in their methodological structure and results. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - May 25, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Correction to: The impact of clinical pharmacy services in Nepal in the context of current health policy: a systematic review
The Fig.  1 was incompletely filled. The correction and corresponding data are shown below. Addition to Fig. 1 “Records identified through database searching”:Cochrane library (n =  6). The original article has been corrected. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - May 21, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Increasing community-level social support for physical activity in the rural Southwestern United States
ConclusionUsing a multi-pronged, multi-level approach to address barriers to PA at the community level may result in increases in social support for PA that go beyond efforts that focus on the individual level and provide integrated, holistic strategies to address health disparities in rural communities. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - May 20, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Fruit and vegetable intake and its correlates among high-school adolescents in Iran: a cross-sectional study
ConclusionResults suggest that interventions targeting personal, interpersonal and environmental factors for increased F&V consumption should be given more priority by the public health authorities. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - May 20, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Interrelationship between underprivileged neighborhoods and health promotion lifestyles: insights from Kermanshah, Iran
ConclusionThe findings of this study revealed the urgent need for attention and emphasis to be given to the planning of activities to improve residents ’ conditions of health promotion lifestyle in underprivileged neighborhoods by the urban managers and policymakers in the health and associated fields. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - May 20, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The environmental impacts of 12 country-specific food-based dietary guidelines
ConclusionThe energy intensity associated with the LC of food plays a key role in quantifying and effectively communicating the equivalent amount of greenhouse gas emissions. The concept of LC energy impact in this study could be used to guide policy makers and consumers toward ecologically responsible dietary recommendations. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - May 18, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Identification of functional properties of non-timber forest produce and locally available food resources in promoting food security among Irula tribes of South India
ConclusionEfforts to document and promote the best utilization of NTFPs and LAFRs with functional food and nutritional value will help to achieve food and nutrition security in the selected population. Promotion of NTFPs and LAFRs through education and dietary interventions would be a possible solution. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - May 9, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Child discipline practices in Ghanaian homes
ConclusionThere was strong evidence that household wealth index and number of children aged 2 –14 in a household have a significant influence on household approval for the use of physical discipline in child upbringing. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - May 8, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Bullying involvement, family background, school life, and well-being feelings among adolescents
ConclusionBullying is a common problem among school-going adolescents and it is related with negative well-being feelings. Efforts to prevent bullying should include schools, families and the community. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - May 6, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Correction to: Association between dietary patterns and overweight/obesity: a Brazilian national school-based research (ERICA 2013 –2014)
The name of the 7th author should be Erasmo Benicio Santos de Moraes Trindade, not Eramos Benicio Santos de Moraes Trindade. The original article has been corrected. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - May 1, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Social network and life satisfaction among older adults in rural Uttar Pradesh, India: an application of structural equation modelling
ConclusionThe study suggests that there is a need for sensitisation of families and the community at large to the needs and problems of the elderly. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - April 26, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research