Changes in the distribution of hepatitis C virus genotypes and their association with shifts in transmission routes in Henan, China
ConclusionsThe most prevalent genotype was still 1b among CHC patients in the Henan province, China. The prevalence of genotype 1b has decreased overtime, and that of genotype 6a has increased in younger patients. The change is attributed to a shift in HCV transmission routes. This study provided further evidence for the prevention and treatment of hepatitis C in future. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 28, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Health issues in the industrial port zone of Marseille, France: the Fos EPSEAL community-based cross-sectional survey
ConclusionThere is likely an environmental explanation for why, even after direct standardization, the prevalences of many diseases were higher in these communities than elsewhere. The combination of CBPR and rigorous epidemiologic methods helps make our findings relevant to both community members and researchers. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 27, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

German claims data analysis to assess impact of different intraocular lenses on posterior capsule opacification and related healthcare costs
AbstractAimCataract extraction is one of the most frequent surgeries in Germany. In most cases, the clouded natural lens is replaced by a hydrophobic or hydrophilic acrylic intraocular lens (IOL) implant. The most common long-term complication after cataract surgery is the development of a posterior capsule opacification (PCO). Although no precise real world data are available, published evidence suggests a lower risk for PCO development for hydrophobic acrylic IOLs compared to hydrophilic acrylic IOLs. Therefore, in the present study we assessed real world data on the impact of different IOL material types on the incidenc...
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 24, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Psychometric study of depression, anxiety and stress among university students
ConclusionsThis study concludes that male students were more depressed, stressed and anxious as compared to female students. Furthermore, symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress were the same among students with nuclear and joint family living systems. Parental education was associated with students ’ depression, anxiety and stress. Students with educated parents had fewer symptoms of stress, anxiety and depression. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 24, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Disease-specific knowledge in individuals with and without chronic conditions
ConclusionPeople suffering from chronic conditions do not necessarily know more about their conditions. Better knowledge in individuals with respiratory diseases and diseases of the musculoskeletal system may be due to tailored health education. The unexpected effect in chronic pain patients may be related to false beliefs about the nature of their condition. Health education programs should address disease-specific barriers. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 19, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The health MDGs in Ghana: lessons and implications for the implementation of the sustainable development goals
ConclusionsReducing maternal and child mortality in Ghana will require transforming the sectors that drive development, such as energy, agriculture and transportation. It is expected that the lessons learnt will enhance evidence-based policy-making towards achieving the SDGs in Ghana. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 17, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Socioeconomic status, health inequalities and non-communicable diseases: a systematic review
ConclusionAlthough different types of analysis produce very different results concerning the role of health determinants, the general conclusion is that income distribution is related to health where it represents a measure of the differences in social class in the society. The effect of income inequality is to increase the gap between social classes or to widen differences in status. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 17, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

An international comparison of the regional variation in clinical interventions: Germany and Austria
ConclusionsThe regional variation in selected surgical procedures can be analysed not only within each country separately, but also for Germany and Austria as a single unit, ignoring the border between them. In both countries, the regional cross-sectional analysis at the county level highlights regional distribution patterns whose causes merit further investigation. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 12, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Prevalence of anemia and associated factors in women of childbearing age in rural Lebanon
ConclusionAnemia and IDA are prevalent in women of childbearing age in rural Lebanon. Intervention programs for raising the population ’s awareness about IDA’s risk factors and proper nutrition must be implemented. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 11, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

A retrospective study to investigate the impact of immigration on tuberculosis control program by DOTS strategy in Gazan Province, Saudi Arabia
ConclusionsIncreasing number of migrants into low prevalence countries may affect TB epidemiology. In view of the huge gap, 67 versus 91.7% in the cure rates, we firmly recommend that health and immigration authorities in SA work together to see that TB treatment is completed before deportation. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 9, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The associated factors for the quality of life among Chinese rural elderly: 1-year follow-up study
ConclusionMultiple factors can affect the QOL of the elderly in rural China. These findings can provide guidance aimed at improving their QOL. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 9, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The attitudes of healthcare professionals in a state hospital towards ageism
ConclusionsWhen the titles and education of healthcare professionals were compared with the scale scores, the difference between them was not found to be statistically significant (p = 0.15,p = 0.859). (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 9, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Living with cancer challenges: a qualitative analysis of cancer patients ’ perceptions in Iran
ConclusionFindings of the current study have potential to identify psychosocial challenges of cancer patients. These findings propose that psychological support is essential for them. Our results recommend that healthcare providers should work to remain sensitive to cancer patients ’ challenges. There is a need for culture-based caring programs that are responsive to these patients. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 8, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Changes in profile of patients seeking alcohol treatment and treatment outcomes following policy changes
ConclusionWe found that treatment for alcohol use disorder became more homogeneous across the regions in Denmark over time and that by 2014 it was difficult to identify any differences across the country. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 6, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Behavioral risk factors and non-communicable diseases among adult men in demographically developed states of India: evidence from District  Level Household and Facility Survey-4
ConclusionsThe findings are vital for national commitments and policy instruments, especially in the context of the existing epidemiological transition, which are burdened with a high occurrence of NCDs. They clearly demand programs and services targeting individuals with increased risk of alcohol consumption, a combination of tobacco and alcohol use, and users of multiple substances. It is worth to mentioning that NCDs are a crude measures that does not reveal the reason for the disease. Alcohol consumption, smoking, and chewing tobacco have the lifetime exposure, but NCDs are recurrent events. Therefore, it is recommende...
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 6, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Impact of educational intervention on osteoporosis knowledge among university students in Beni-Suef, Egypt
ConclusionImplementation of an educational health program improves the knowledge of university students concerning osteoporosis. Thus, the findings of the present study may be used to convince the educational authorities to provide health education programs about osteoporosis and its related factors in universities or even include them in the university curriculum to improve knowledge of this disease among students and ensure the accuracy of information they receive. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 3, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Life stress, uncertainty stress and self-reported illness: a representative nationwide study of Chinese students
ConclusionThese findings underscore the importance of controlling uncertainty stress and can be used to inform future policies and reinforce the need for uncertainty stress management in China. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 2, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Sensitivity and responsiveness to change for the Brazilian version of the child perceptions questionnaire for 8- to 10-year-old children
This study aimed to investigate the sensitivity and responsiveness to change for the Brazilian version of the Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ8 –10) after dental caries treatment.Subject and methodsThirty children aged 8 to 10  years old with untreated dental caries were randomly selected from public schools. They responded to the CPQ8 –10 before and 1 month after finishing treatment for dental caries. Sensitivity was assessed by determining distribution changes using paired t-tests and Wilcoxon signed-rank tests. Responsiveness to change was evaluated by effect size (ES) and standardized response mean...
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 2, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Prevalence of childhood diarrhea and associated risk factors in Dire Dawa, eastern Ethiopia
ConclusionInterventions aimed to improve safe drinking water access should be strengthened/considered in the study area. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - October 1, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The effect of chlorhexidine on glycemic and inflammation control in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus
ConclusionThe chlorhexidine solution did not provide benefits for periodontal parameters and for the glycemic control in children with type 1DM. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 30, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The use of routine health check-ups and psychological factors —a neglected link. Evidence from a population-based study
ConclusionsThe current study stresses the importance of the association between screening behavior and psychological factors. This may help to identify individuals at risk for underuse. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 27, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Patient referral alone is not an effective strategy to capture partners of patients with sexually transmitted infections in low-resource settings: a case-control study
ConclusionCapturing STI cases through patient referral partner notification is less likely to be successful among patients who are single and in a casual relationship. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 26, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Legal proceedings against a unified health system, SUS, by its patients: systematic review
ConclusionThe factors that contributed to legalization were predominantly related to medications and being in agreement with the other studies in the literature, with emphasis on requests for vacancies in the unit/intensive care center with new determining factors. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 25, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Water-borne disease: Link between human health and water use in the Mithepur and Jaitpur area of the NCT of Delhi
ConclusionThis article examines the prevalence of water-borne diseases in relation to the behavioural habits of the households utilising different water sources. A vital relationship exists between logical factors and water-borne diseases. Having a bore well and private water supplier appears to be exceptionally influential. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 25, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Gingivitis, increased probing depth, clinical attachment loss and tooth loss among patients with end-stage chronic kidney disease: a case-control study
AbstractAimTo perform a comprehensive analysis of the association between periodontal status and end-stage chronic kidney disease (ESCKD).Subjects and methodsForty-five ESCKD and 26 healthy patients were clinically evaluated. The visible plaque index (VPI), gingival bleeding index (GBI) and community periodontal index were obtained from all patients. In addition, the association among gingivitis, increased probing depth, clinical attachment loss and edentulism with ESCKD was statistically assessed (chi-square test,p 
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 21, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Migrant female head porters ’ enrolment in and utilisation and renewal of the National Health Insurance Scheme in Kumasi, Ghana
ConclusionPolitical commitment is imperative for effective implementation of the decentralisation policy of the NHIS through the National Health Insurance Authority in Kumasi. We argue that retail offices should be well equipped with logistic facilities to ensure convenience in NHIS initial enrolment and renewal processes by citizenry, and by vulnerable groups in particular. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 13, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Health shock, catastrophic expenditure and its consequences on welfare of the household engaged in informal sector
ConclusionOur findings indicate that informal sector workers are highly vulnerable to health shocks and economic burden in terms of high treatment costs and low insurance coverage. Further, we also show that workers engaged in the informal sector witness greater probability of incurring CHE and impoverishment. Results from the Tobit model suggests that various factors such as insurance coverage, severity of illness and others are crucial predictor of catastrophic spending. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 12, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Business continuity planning —a survey of hospitals in Delhi
ConclusionThe findings indicate that the level of preparedness in hospitals in Delhi varies greatly. There is a need to approach BCP in a holistic manner, starting from an understanding of hazardous events, their impact on assets and planning for the continuation of critical functions when disaster strikes. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 6, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Playground usage and physical activity levels of children based on playground spatial features
ConclusionPlayground spatial features are related to playground usage and activity levels of the children in the playgrounds. Playgrounds should offer a wide variety of play facilities and provide spaces for diverse play activities to respond to the needs of large numbers of different children and to provide activity-friendly areas enabling their healthy development. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 4, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Burnout among Egyptian Nurses
ConclusionBurnout appeared to be common among participating nurses. Searching for and eliminating sources of stress in hospitals, in addition to teaching nurses coping strategies to deal with stress at work, seem to be important steps. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - September 4, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The benefits of sleep coaching in workplace health promotion
ConclusionsResults show that the sleep coaching intervention evaluated is practically feasible and able to improve important indicators of employees ’ well-being and self-care in WHP programs. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 29, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Promoting access to dental care in South London: adult patients ’ perspectives
ConclusionThe findings suggest that financial incentives and emergency services are considered the most influential initiatives for adult patients whose attendance patterns appear to be related to personal circumstances rather than merely being influenced by the provision of information. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 25, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Risk factors of preeclampsia: a case control study among mothers in Sana ’a, Yemen
AbstractAimThe aim of this study was to assess the risk factors of preeclampsia among mothers at Al-Sbeen Hospital in Sana ’a City, Yemen.Subjects and methodsA hospital-based case control study was carried out at Al-Sbeen Hospital in Sana ’a City. The total sample size was 206 and divided into 103 cases and 103 controls. Data were collected from 2014 to 2016. A designed chart was used to collect data from the medical files.ResultsYoung and advanced mother ’s age, living in rural areas, prior preeclampsia, prior hypertension, prior anemia, multiple pregnancy, gestational age, family history of preeclampsia...
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 19, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Association between Haemophilus influenza type B (Hib) vaccination and child anthropometric outcomes in Andhra Pradesh (India):  Evidence from the Young Lives Study
ConclusionsThe study concludes that vaccination against Hib, in addition to being a major intervention for reducing childhood infectious diseases and mortality, may be considered as a potential tool for reducing the burden of undernutrition in India. Therefore, the inclusion of the Hib vaccine into the Universal Immunization Programme will be helpful in reducing the burden of child malnutrition in India. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 16, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Different healthy habits between northern and southern Spanish school children
ConclusionsResults showed differences in physical activity, eating and sleep habits, and aerobic fitness according to geographical location. The relationships found among lifestyle habits indicate the need for health promotion interventions nationally and considering the differences discussed here. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 14, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Obesity-based labour market discrimination in South Africa: a dynamic panel analysis
ConclusionOur findings reiterate that increasingly obesity has adverse labour market implications. Obesity-based discrimination exists in South Africa and is predominantly faced by obese women entering the workplace and continues in the wage determination of both men and women. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - August 1, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Systematic review and meta-analysis: dairy consumption and hepatocellular carcinoma risk
ConclusionsThis meta-analysis indicates that consumption of overall dairy may be associated with increased HCC risk and a risk factor involved in the etiology of HCC. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 28, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The role of demographic and socioeconomic factors, leave policy and government institutions in CS deliveries in Ghana
ConclusionsChild and maternal survivals are often given as justifications for caesarean section deliveries. The absence of a negative relationship between increasing caesarean section rates and neonatal mortality in the country therefore creates some concern. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 11, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Erratum to: Measurement of reproductive health indicators in Ethiopia: A mixed method study
(Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 8, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Transition from HIV control to HIV elimination in Switzerland
ConclusionReaching the right persons and offering the right “prevention package” are the key challenges for Switzerland to be among the first countries to eliminate HIV transmission. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 6, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Socioeconomic differences in diet composition of the adult population in southern Brazil: a population-based study
AbstractAimTo describe the intake of macro- and micronutrients, verify its adequacy, and analyze their distribution by the socioeconomic and demographic profile of adults.Subject and methodsLongitudinal population-based study with a sample of 1222 people aged 22 –63 years from Florianópolis, Southern Brazil. The dietary intake data were collected with a 24-h recall in the total sample, plus a second recall applied on a sub-sample of participants with subsequent adjustment of regular consumption. Diet composition and adequacy of intake were compared betw een the different educational groups and stratified ...
Source: Journal of Public Health - July 3, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Catch them young: grooming a new generation of physicians in India
ConclusionIndia demands a new generation of young aspirants who can be guided by teachers who can teach the art and philosophy of medicine, where earning limitless money is not the sole purpose of medical education. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 23, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Preventive health services utilization in relation to social isolation in older adults
ConclusionSocially isolated individuals were found to receive fewer preventive services. This finding confers important evidence on the potential factors that affect the use of preventive health services among older adults. It is also suggestive of the need to develop public health and social policies with the aim to alleviate social isolation and as a means to enhance preventive care uptake in later life. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 21, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Does experience change anything? Attitudes of paramedic students regarding drinking and driving
ConclusionOur findings are worrisome and may reveal the strength of social norms for consumption of alcohol on one hand and the lack of suitable education regarding the dangers of alcohol in the health care department on the other hand. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 17, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The prevalence of gout in mainland China from 2000 to 2016: a systematic review and meta-analysis
ConclusionThe prevalence of gout in mainland China is an ascendant trend that differs according to sex and region. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 17, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Abuse of legal and street drugs among Brazilian university students
AbstractAimEstimate the prevalence of the abuse of legal and street drugs and associated factors among university students.Subjects and methodsThree hundred ninety-eight university students distributed among all courses offered at a university in Brazil. The students answered a questionnaire validated for the evaluation of drug use. The dependent variable was abuse of legal and street drugs. Descriptive analysis was performed, followed by Poisson regression analysis (p 
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 5, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Tobacco smoking and multiple sclerosis: a systematic review of systematic and narrative reviews of observational studies
ConclusionThis review of reviews identifies smoking as a risk factor for MS susceptibility. However, more research is needed to conclusively establish the mechanisms driving this association. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - June 5, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Procedures in child deaths in The Netherlands: a comparison with child death review
ConclusionDutch organizations separately cover parts of CDR. When the procedures of organizations are combined, all CDR objectives are covered in the response to only specific groups of child deaths, i.e., perinatal deaths, Sudden Unexpected Deaths in Infants and fatal child abuse cases. Further research into the conditions that are needed for an optimal implementation of CDR in The Netherlands is necessary. This research should also evaluate the recently implemented NODOK procedure (Further Examination of the Causes of death in Children), directed to investigate unexplained deaths in minors 0 –18 years old. (So...
Source: Journal of Public Health - May 26, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Measurement of reproductive health indicators in Ethiopia: A mixed method study
ConclusionThere is a gap in the measurement of the quality and continuity of RH services. Many of the limitations and data quality concerns in the measurement of RH indicators could be resolved with minimal improvements to the current health  information system. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - May 25, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Dietary quality among the elderly in Germany: a retirement-nutrition puzzle?
ConclusionThe analysis suggests there is no general need to target nutrition policy at a retirement-nutrition puzzle. However, pensioners are a very diverse group, and it remains a task for future research to disaggregate the findings for different clusters of retired persons. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - May 25, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research