Vitamin D deficiency was common in all patients at a Swedish primary care centre, but more so in patients born outside of Europe
AbstractBackgroundVitamin D is associated with extra-skeletal processes, and vitamin D deficiency might contribute to the development of chronic diseases.AimTo investigate vitamin D levels in an unselected patient population at a Swedish suburban primary care centre.MethodsVitamin D levels were assessed in 102 patients aged 20 to 65  years visiting the primary care centre, independent of cause of visit, during 2 weeks in January 2014. The difference in vitamin D levels between patients born in Europe and patients born outside Europe was calculated using linear regression, adjusting for gender and age. The differe...
Source: Journal of Public Health - March 27, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Mild traumatic dental injuries did not impact the oral health-related quality of life of children aged 8 to 10 years old of low socioeconomic status
ConclusionThe present study suggested that mild TDIs did not have a negative impact on the OHRQoL of children aged 8 –10 years old of low socioeconomic status. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - March 24, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Strength-based approaches: a realist evaluation of implementation in maternity services in Scotland
ConclusionThese findings suggest implementation of strength-based approaches within universal services require further attention to training and embedding culture change. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - March 12, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Are young adults appreciating the health promotion messages on diet and exercise?
ConclusionsThe results demonstrate that young adults did not find current health promotion messages engaging. These messages did not support them in overcoming their perceived barriers, nor were they suitably formatted or located for them. There were suggestions from young adults on how to improve these messages including using social media, presenting messages in more usable forms, and working with larger corporations to make these messages more effective. Tailoring these messages specifically for young adults could improve their diet and exercise behaviours, thereby helping to reduce future obesity levels and co-morbidit...
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 19, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Association of sleep problems and sleep duration with self-rated health and grip strength among older adults in India and China: results from the study on global aging and adult health (SAGE)
This study examined the association between sleep problems and sleep duration with self-rated poor health and grip strength among respondents aged 50  years and above in India and China.Methods: The data for this study were derived from the first wave of WHO ’s Study on Global Aging and Adult Health (SAGE), a nationally representative panel survey conducted in six LMICs. Grip strength and poor self-rated health were the main outcome variables, while sleep problems and sleep duration were the main predictors. Multivariate logistic regression models and ordinary least squares regression models were used to underst...
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 17, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Dental caries and dental fluorosis according to water fluoridation among 12-year-old Brazilian schoolchildren: a nation-wide study comparing different municipalities
AbstractAimTo test the correlation among dental caries, dental fluorosis, and the percentage of municipalities with optimal fluoridated water among Brazilian 12-year-old schoolchildren.Subjects and methodsAn ecological study was performed using primary data from the latest Brazilian Oral Health Survey. The units of analysis were the 26 states plus the Federal District of Brazil (n = 7328 schoolchildren). Dental caries was diagnosed according to the DMFT criteria and dental fluorosis according to Dean’s Index. Descriptive and analytical statistics (p 
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 17, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Correlation between the parenthood self-efficacy of pregnant women and their prenatal adaptations in a middle-income country
Conclusions(1) This study found that increasing the parenthood self-efficacy levels of pregnant women improves their adaptation to the prenatal period. (2) The participants displayed a medium level of prenatal adaptation and parenting self-efficacy. (3) The demographic characteristics of the participants affected their prenatal adaptation and self-efficacy levels for parenting tasks. In addition to improving the prenatal adjustment by increasing the parenting self-efficacy of pregnant women, the government should arrange programmes that will enhance their parenting self-efficacy. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 12, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Economic burden, impoverishment and coping mechanisms associated with out-of-pocket health expenditure: analysis of rural-urban differentials in India
ConclusionSubstantial investment in public health is needed, especially in rural areas as it is here that people are facing the real brunt of catastrophic OOP health expenditures in the form of impoverishment with more dependence on distress sources including borrowing and sale of assets as coping mechanisms. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 10, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Intelligence and global health: assessing the role of open source and social media intelligence analysis in infectious disease outbreaks
ConclusionWe conclude that there is a place for OSINT and SIGINT in the detection and reporting of outbreaks. However, such tools are not sufficient on their own and must be corroborated for the intelligence to be relevant and actionable. Finally, we conclude that further discussion on key ethical issues needs to take place before such research can continue. In particular, this involves questions of jurisdiction, data ownership, and ethical considerations. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 10, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Determinants of factors associated with childhood immunization in Punjab, Pakistan: evidence from the multiple indicator cluster survey
ConclusionsImmunization of children is significantly associated with predictors, i.e., the mother ’s education level, residence, gender and wealth index. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 10, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Correction to: Predictors of vitamin D supplementation amongst infants in Ireland throughout the first year of life
AbstractThe authors wish to clarify that J.M. Kearney refers to John M. Kearney. The first name of this author was not clarified in the original article. The authors apologise for this error. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 6, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Prevalence of cardiovascular diseases in Punjab, Pakistan: a cross-sectional study
ConclusionThis study concluded that CVDs are a serious problem for both genders and affected 17.5% of the studied population. Diseases are more common in females than males with young age of onset. An inactive lifestyle, low level of activity and family history of disease could be disease risk factors in the study area. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - January 31, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Publisher Correction to: Multiple articles of Journal of Public Health
AbstractThe journal had been advised to revise the title so that Clarivate Analytics can try to count the citations more accurately. There ’s been confusion due to the existence of another journal with the same name. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - January 30, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Developing a diabetes prevention education program for community health care workers in Thailand: translation of the knowledge to at-risk people
AbstractAimTo evaluate the effects of a randomized education program for community health care workers (CHCWs) on the knowledge, awareness and understanding of key messages related to healthy eating among community members at risk for diabetes (at-risk-DM) identified through community diabetes screening.Subjects and methodsSixty-nine health centers from five districts in Chiang Mai Province, Thailand, were randomized into the intervention (CHCWs-IG,n = 35) and control group (CHCWs-CG,n = 34). CHCWs-IG participated in a diabetes prevention education program (DPEP) over 4 months. No training/...
Source: Journal of Public Health - January 27, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The association between sex, age and health literacy and the uptake of cardiovascular prevention: a cross-sectional analysis in a primary care setting
ConclusionSex, age and health literacy affect engagement in healthy lifestyle choices and expectations towards preventative measure design. Consideration of these differences will allow better tailoring of preventative offers to the users ’ needs to increase their uptake. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - January 23, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Female sexual dysfunction in Egyptian women with anxiety: prevalence and patterns
AbstractBackgroundSexual function is extremely complicated, and various factors including psychological issues can influence women ’s behavior. The purpose of this study was to assess female sexual dysfunction (FSD) and its related factors in women with anxiety disorder in Beni-Suef, Upper Egypt.Subjects and methodsA cross-sectional study was carried out between July and October 2017 with a sample size of 119 women of reproductive age and diagnosed with anxiety using The Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) at the Psychiatric Outpatient Clinic of Beni-Suef General Hospital, Upper Egypt. Sexual dysfunction was assessed using ...
Source: Journal of Public Health - January 23, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Hepatitis B virus infection in the Democratic Republic of Congo: a systematic review of prevalence studies (2000 –2016)
ConclusionThis review suggests that DRC is a country characterized by an intermediate level of HBV infection endemicity rate. It remains however an important public health problem and efforts should continue in prevention and in policy to control this viral disease. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - January 19, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Correction to: Association of food insecurity with frailty among older adults in India
AbstractThe real name of the author is Mamta Chaudhary. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - January 17, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Epidemiology and care structures for children and adolescents and young adults up to the 26th year of life with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) in Leipzig/Saxony/Germany
ConclusionsNearly all patients up to 15  years (completeness 87.5%) were recorded by pediatricians to the IBD Registry. The actual incidence up to the age of 18 years for IBD in Leipzig is one of the highest worldwide. To obtain valid epidemiologic data up to the age of 18, the inclusion of adult gastroenterologists are necessary. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - January 15, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Geographical variation in prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and its correlates in India: evidence from recent NSSO survey
ConclusionThe study highlights the need to develop proper surveillance and monitoring programmes to focus on highly affected geographical regions to arrest the growing burden of NCDs. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - January 13, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Unmet healthcare needs among indigenous peoples in Canada: findings from the 2006 and 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Surveys
ConclusionsFurther research is warranted that examines the association between general factors related to UHN and indigenous-specific factors. Additionally, assessing how chronic disease impacts UHN will provide information on reasons for UHN (e.g., healthcare system-related versus personal circumstances). (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - January 13, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Risk modeling of non-communicable diseases using socio-demographic characteristics, lifestyle and family disease history among university students in Bangladesh
ConclusionThis study shows that the number of students suffering from different types of NCDs is not negligible. Their lifestyle and family history of NCDs are responsible for this to a significant extent. Urgent initiatives should be taken to rein in the spread of NCDs among the youth of Bangladesh. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - January 13, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Effect of training program regarding smoking cessation counseling for primary health care physicians in Port Said City, Egypt
AbstractBackgroundSmoking is a major risk factor for death-related diseases. Not all healthcare professionals are following evidence-based guidelines for smoking cessation counseling in primary care settings. The WHO, Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), and United States Public Health Service (USPHS) guidelines recommend that all healthcare professionals, including students in healthcare training programs, receive education in the management of tobacco use and dependence.ObjectiveTo evaluate the effect of training programs for primary healthcare physicians on the knowledge, attitude, and practice of smoking ces...
Source: Journal of Public Health - January 13, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Evaluation of determinant factors for the presence and activity of dental caries in five-year-old children: study with decision tree
AbstractAimThe aim of the present study was to investigate dental caries and caries activity as well as determine associations with sociodemographic factors and visits to the dentist among 5-year-old children.Subjects and methodsSeven hundred sixty-nine children enrolled in preschools in a medium-sized city in northeast Brazil participated in the study. Two examiners who had undergone training exercises performed the examinations using the ICDAS-II. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression for complex samples were performed ( α = 5%). An inductive decision tree was created for the occurrence of ca...
Source: Journal of Public Health - January 13, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

A study of electronic cigarette use among youth
ConclusionsOur findings emphasize the need to make policy makers and school administrators aware of the extent of usage of e-cigarettes, especially, among juniors and seniors. Since the prevalence of e-cigarette use is steeply increasing over the past years, proper intervention programs should be implemented in schools for the benefit of targeted youth. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - January 12, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Predictors of vitamin D supplementation amongst infants in Ireland throughout the first year of life
AbstractAimTo investigate predictors of compliance with the recommendation that all infants in Ireland are supplemented daily from birth to 12  months of age with 5 μg of vitamin D.Subjects and methodsA prospective observational study was conducted. Self-complete questionnaires recorded socio-demographic characteristics, health behaviours and supplementation practices for 158 mother-infant dyads at 4, 9 and 12  months post-partum. A 2-day food diary was also obtained on 12-month-old infants to examine the contribution of diet to vitamin D intakes.ResultsAt 4, 9 and 12  months of age, 57.6% (n = 91), 34.2%...
Source: Journal of Public Health - January 12, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Lifestyle factors in somatic patients with and without potential alcohol problems
ConclusionWe found that alcohol problems are related to a clustering of other lifestyle factors and that many of the patients admitted to certain departments showed signs of various kinds of alcohol problems. Therefore, specific hospital departments could be opportune settings for preventive alcohol interventions. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - January 8, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Changes in 10-year cardiovascular risk and behavioral risk factors in men in Crete, Greece, since the Seven Countries ’ Study (1960–1997)
This study aimed to assess changes in CVD-risk occurring since the Seven Countries’ Study.Subject and methodsSecondary analysis was performed in two cohorts of men (aged 40 –60 years) in Crete-Greece, in 1960 (Seven Countries’ Study’s participants) and 1997 (random sample of men of the same age and residence areas). The HeartScore was used to estimate the (1) 10-year CVD-risk and (2) 10-year CVD-risk based on body mass index (BMI), of 627 (1960 cohort) and 93 (1 997 cohort) Cretan men.ResultsBetween 1960 and 1997, 10-year CVD-risk (3.4 vs. 4.7%,P 
Source: Journal of Public Health - January 8, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

In-school adolescents ’ knowledge, access to and use of sexual and reproductive health services in Metropolitan Kumasi, Ghana
ConclusionWhilst social negotiation with parents, teachers and SRH service providers as well as school curricula alignment could arrest the barriers to adolescents ’ access to SRH services, eHealth services such as the ‘Bisa’ Health App could potentially provide easy and cost-effective access to SRH information among in-school adolescents. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - December 28, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

How should we change the culture of health? A note on the margin of an outstanding debate
ConclusionTo make interventions more effective, it is necessary for public health professionals to have an extensive debate on the interpretations of the role of the culture of health as highlighted in this article. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - December 22, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Descriptive self-reporting survey of people with idiopathic environmental intolerance attributed to electromagnetic fields (IEI-EMF): similarities and comparisons with previous studies
ConclusionsDespite methodological differences, we summarized facts from previous comparable investigations. We also provided an overview of people claiming EMF effects and briefly discussed possible avenues of research. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - December 21, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Women ’s long-term health and age at parity
ConclusionThe analysis with aggregated data showed that there is a large heterogeneity, which prevents conclusions being drawn about general trends for EU countries. The exception was for self-reported health and age of parity, for which is there was a statistical correlation across EU countries. The results reported here are expected to motivate further research on this topic in order to establish the long-term effects of each age of parity and the optimal age for first birth. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - December 12, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

A geospatial analysis of noncommunicable disease (NCD) burden in Indian agro-climatic and political regions
ConclusionFindings call for an immediate programmatic attention at the subnational level due to significantly high regional dependence of NCDs. Policies and programme should focus on strengthening the implementation of existing   policies with a special focus on geriatric population to combat the disease burden. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - December 11, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Dysmobility syndrome: is exercise a key component in its prevention and treatment?
ConclusionWhile the value of DS over and above other more established measures such as frailty may be questionable, the DS criteria at least provide a great opportunity for early identification of important deficits that can compromise independency and quality of life later in life. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - December 8, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Factors affecting the uptake of malaria prevention strategies among pregnant women in Nigeria: evidence from 2013 Nigeria demographic and health survey
This study aims to examine the factors affecting the uptake of malaria prevention strategies among pregnant women in Nigeria.MethodsSecondary data from the 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey were used to examine the factors affecting the uptake of malaria prevention strategies among pregnant women (n = 4493) in Nigeria. Variables on demographic and socio-economic characteristics of pregnant women were analysed. Data analysis was carried out using STATA version 12 software and univariate, bivariate and multivariate analyses were conducted.ResultsWe found that only 10.3% of pregnant women received inter...
Source: Journal of Public Health - December 7, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Epidemiological and rehabilitation analyses of patients with hearing disabilities of Uyghur and Han Chinese ethnicities in Xinjiang, China: a comparative study
ConclusionRehabilitation services offered by the government are not in line with demand. Comprehensive assessment of the rehabilitation requirements of hearing-disability patients, systematic provision of adequate services and training of technical personnel are important measures that should be adopted to alter the present situation and improve treatment options for hearing disabilities in China. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - December 4, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Delay in malaria diagnosis and treatment and its determinants among rural communities of the Oromia special zone, Ethiopia: facility-based cross-sectional study
This study was conducted to assess the delay in malaria diagnosis and treatment and respective determinants in rural communities of Oromia Special Zone, Ethiopia, to generate information to improve diagnosis and treatment.MethodsA facility-based cross-sectional study design was conducted from 14 February to 21 April 2017. A structured questionnaire was prepared in English by reviewing the literature and translated into the local language (Afan Oromo). To assure the quality of data, the questionnaire was pre-tested. Logistic regression was employed to identify factors associated with delay. Then, all explanatory variables a...
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 27, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Association of food insecurity with frailty among older adults in India
AbstractBackgroundPast investigations in different nations have demonstrated that food insecurity may lead to frailty among older adults; however, there is no evidence concerning these associations in India. Our investigation tries to fill this gap utilizing WAVE I of WHO SAGE 2007 information.ObjectivesTo examine the independent effect of food insecurity on frailty. To assess differences in frailty and other correlates between food secure and insecure older individuals.MethodsThe Fried phenotype approach was used to create a frailty index using the presence of five indicators among older adults: exhaustion, weight loss, p...
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 24, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

How can environmental knowledge transfer into pro-environmental behavior among Chinese individuals? Environmental pollution perception matters
ConclusionIntegrating these variables into a single comprehensive model via structural equation modeling reveals that dwelling environmental pollution mediates the relationship between dwelling environmental knowledge and the two types of environmental behavior (i.e., private pro-environmental behavior and public pro-environmental behavior) and that professional environmental knowledge only shows a direct effect on public pro-environmental behavior. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 23, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The intention to use HIV-pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) among men who have sex with men in Switzerland: testing an extended explanatory model drawing on the unified theory of acceptance and use of technology (UTAUT)
ConclusionThe findings provide insights into the complex dynamic underlying the intention to use PrEP. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 22, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Economic burden of multiple sclerosis to the social insurance system in Germany
ConclusionThis study delivered important information regarding the economic burden of MS for the social insurance system in Germany. The top-down process of data collection yielded population-based results on the cost of illness. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 20, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Assessment of stigma among patients infected with hepatitis C virus in Suez City, Egypt
ConclusionPatients with hepatitis C feel stigmatized in different areas; there is a need for implementation of educational programs to raise the awareness of community and health care providers about the stigma of hepatitis C and its negative consequences to act as advocates for their patients. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 19, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The limits to equivalent living conditions: regional disparities in premature mortality in Germany
ConclusionOn its own, fiscal redistribution, the centrepiece of how Germany aspires to establish its political goal, cannot generate equivalent living conditions in the absence of a comprehensive set of economic and social policies at all levels of political administration, tackling the disparities in socioeconomic factors that collectively result in highly unequal living conditions. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 18, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Life expectancy and healthy life expectancy changes between 2000 and 2015: an analysis of 183 World Health Organization member states
ConclusionsMonitoring of LE and HLE indicators is important to assess the health situation in countries across time, detecting both successful and unsuccessful cases. In our analysis, we noticed that African countries are overcoming the bad results of the 1990s and that army conflicts are the main cause of losses in LE in the third millennium. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 18, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Social inequity in health awareness and its association with health service utilization in ethnic conflict regions in northeastern Myanmar
ConclusionThe less educated, low household income earners, the unmarried and farming populations were all at risk for poor health awareness. Future promotion programs should target at the above populations to promote health knowledge dissemination and health service utilization along the China-Myanmar border. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 18, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Indicators of healthy food consumption among older adults with diabetes and/or hypertension are similar to healthy older adults: results from a population based study in Southern Brazil
ConclusionWe found that the indicators of healthy food consumption do not differ among older adults with and without diabetes and/or hypertension, indicating no adopting of the secondary prevention measures in the treatment of these diseases. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 16, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Trace and evaluation systems for health services quality in rural and remote areas: a systematic review
ConclusionAlthough most of the current studies were considered to have high-quality and positive results, there were limitations in the number of publications and research on theoretical systems. The lacks of unified standards and comprehensive evaluation are important issues that need to be pointed out and resolved. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 9, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Relationship between health-related quality of life and respiratory health status among coal-based sponge iron plant workers in Barjora, India
This study investigated the relationship between health-related quality of life, measured using the EuroQol-5D (EQ5D), and respiratory health status, measured using the St. George ’s Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), among coal-based sponge iron plant workers in Barjora, India.MethodA cross-sectional study was conducted among coal-based sponge iron plant workers in Barjora, and complete data were available on 252 participants. Spearman ’s rank correlation coefficients were reported to show the strength of relationship between health-related quality of life and respiratory health status.Results and conclusionSig...
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 6, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Reassessing the gender differences in type and place of health care utilisation in India: does the gender gap no longer exist?
ConclusionThe analysis of the male and female treatment-seeking behaviour revealed a clear picture of proliferating gender neutrality. The increase in the health care-seeking behaviour of women can be considered an upshot of improved female education and increased awareness among males regarding female empowerment. Government interventions in different sectors have also improved the plight of women directly or indirectly. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 3, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Exposure to violence, victimization differences and maxillofacial injuries in a Brazilian state capital: a data mining approach
AbstractAimsTo identify victimization differences and evaluate maxillofacial injuries among victims of interpersonal violence in a Brazilian state capital using a data-mining approach.Subjects and methodsA cross-sectional study analyzed 1946 reports of physical violence registered in an Institute of Forensic Medicine and Dentistry. Sociodemographic characteristics of the victims, mechanisms of violence, time of occurrence and patterns of maxillofacial injuries were evaluated. Data analyses included descriptive statistics, Pearson ’s chi-square test and decision tree analysis using the Chi-square Automatic Interaction...
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 3, 2017 Category: Health Management Source Type: research