Association between dietary patterns and overweight/obesity: a Brazilian national school-based research (ERICA 2013 –2014)
ConclusionBrazilian adolescents with higher scores on the “traditional Brazilian” pattern had lower odds of being overweight/obese. To promote and enhance the consumption of traditional Brazilian foods may help prevent overweight/obesity in this population. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - March 12, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Impact of tobacco smoke in HIV progression: a major risk factor for the development of NeuroAIDS and associated CNS disorders
ConclusionTobacco smoke (TS) may bring about a synergistic effect in the context of persistent inflammatory state and cerebrovascular damage which facilitate HIV infection and progression to NeuroAIDS when compared to non-smokers. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - March 9, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Readiness of female sex workers for HIV testing and its associated factors in Shire Endaselassie town, Tigray, Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study
ConclusionThe readiness level for HIV testing was relatively low. Most of the social and psychosocial issues were found to be factors that influence the readiness level for HIV testing among FSWs. Thus, efforts should be made to develop educational programs that boost the level of awareness and readiness of FSWs for HIV testing. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - March 8, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

A unique e-health and telemedicine implementation: European Reference Networks for rare diseases
ConclusionERNs can be considered a unique example of e-health and telemedicine implementation at a high level. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - March 2, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The development of costs for antidiabetics in statutory and private health insurance in Germany — an analysis of selected influencing factors
ConclusionEven though there is a different growth rate, the cost development for antidiabetics in both collectives illustrates the health economic relevance of this clinical picture and shows the necessity for a detailed analysis of drug expenditure. Further research approaches that investigate cost influences caused by concomitant or secondary diseases as well as secondary damage of diabetes mellitus can make an additional contribution to the long-term financial viability of the health care system. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 25, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Addressing the disease burden of asthma and chronic bronchitis due to tobacco consumption: a study of Kanpur, India
ConclusionsOur study found a significant association between tobacco consumption (smoking and use of smokeless tobacco) with asthma and CB and the predictors that affect the pattern of tobacco consumption, such as respondents ’ age, education level, caste, level of exposure to the media, and standard of living index. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 25, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Relationship between emotional labelling of breastfeeding situation and intention to breastfeed/support breastfeeding among French adolescents and young people
ConclusionThe participants who had intended to breastfeed (or to support) represented 47% of the sample, which reflects the French specificity in Europe (low breastfeeding rate). This study indicates that the emotional aspect is involved in the intended breastfeeding behaviour. Breastfeeding is an embodied experience which involves a physical contact which is often associated with feelings of love towards the baby, but it is also linked with the emotion of disgust for some participants who are moving away from the intention of breastfeeding. The potential reasons of this relationship are discussed, as well as the question ...
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 22, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Child marriage and its association with morbidity and mortality of children under 5 years old: evidence from India
ConclusionThis study concludes that proper intervention through effective policy and program to increase the age at marriage and by reducing socioeconomic vulnerabilities can combat the incidence of high morbidity and mortality among children under 5 years old. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 22, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Short-term exposure to ambient air pollution and acute myocardial infarction attack risk
This study assessed the effects of short-term exposure to ambient air pollutants on hospital admission of AMI in Guangzhou, South China.Materials and methodsWe obtained the information on 19,622 hospital admissions of AMI from the Guangzhou Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease Event Surveillance System during the years from 2014 to 2017. Daily concentrations of air pollution data on particulate matter
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 21, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The epidemic trend and characteristics of tuberculosis for local population and migrants from 2010 to 2017 in Jiading, China
ConclusionsShanghai is a domestic immigration city; a tuberculosis epidemic cannot be ignored. In the current study, local population and migrants have different epidemiological characteristics of tuberculosis. Therefore, different strategies and measures should be adopted for local populations and migrants. In addition, publicity and education concerning early detection and early treatment should be strengthened. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 18, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Ethical, health, and technical concerns surrounding manual scavenging in urban India
ConclusionThis paper brings forth a combination of measures that are legislative and technical in nature, including societal awareness, to eradicate manual scavenging in Indian cities. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 18, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Cost-effectiveness of coronary clinical intervention: a retrospective analysis
ConclusionPrevelance of a collaborative payer mechanism is advisable to contain the mounting cost of coronary clinical interventions, as long-term effects calls for higher costs. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 18, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Reporting heterogeneity in the measurement of hypertension and diabetes in India
ConclusionThe study suggests that the estimates obtained by self-reporting underrate the actual scenario. Thus, large-scale surveys should focus on collecting data using clinical diagnostic tools to access the actual burden of disease in the community. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 13, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

How social business innovates health care: two cases of social value creation leading to high-quality services
ConclusionOur study highlights the multitude of complex relationships required to build and establish innovative and successful business models for providing high-quality and cost-effective services in two of the world ’s largest healthcare systems. Moreover, it could be shown that the business model canvas offers a suitable methodological framework to compare and analyze in a structured manner the extent to which innovative care approaches also require an economically successful and sustainable business model. Results give a holistic, structured description of specific organizational features and environments, whch ...
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 12, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Analysis of influential factors of self-reported hearing loss deviation in young adults
ConclusionsThese data provide evidence that demographic characteristics, ear problems, living behavior, and hearing health belief contribute to the deviation of self-reported hearing loss in young adults. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 12, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Vision care in areas of under-developed infrastructure
ConclusionThe proposed system will require field research to verify the claims made and the viability of implementing it in the specific environment. If the proposed system is proven to be reliable, and financially viable, an industry can be created for the indigenous supply of vision care at a suitable cost to the patient. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 11, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Awareness, Knowledge, and Attitude (AKA) of government secondary school students on the use of antibiotics in Shah Alam, Malaysia
ConclusionThis study may serve as a preliminary insight on the development of an effective educational intervention to improve AKA of antibiotic usage. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 11, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Correlates of subjective hepatitis C knowledge among clinical staff in US drug treatment programs
ConclusionsOur findings highlight the need to improve subjective HCV knowledge among staffs included in methadone maintenance treatment programs. There is also a need for more comprehensive examination of factors at different levels associated with HCV knowledge among them. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 9, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Innovative tool for health promotion for at-risk Thai people with hypertension
ConclusionAlthough the knowledge score increased in both groups, the innovative nutritional education tool was more effective than the general healthcare counseling program regarding the blood pressure level reduction. Therefore, the innovative nutrition educational tool should be beneficial as a supportive approach for health promotion. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 5, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Can dental pain be a cause of irritability in children and family distress?
ConclusionDental pain can make a child irritable and cause family distress. Socio-economic factors do not exert an influence on the emergence of these feelings. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 4, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Sequential screening in the early diagnosis of colorectal cancer in the community
ConclusionThe detection rates of CRA among community screening patients and patients with different symptoms were not different. However, the detection rate of CRC in community screening patients was lower than that of the patients with different symptoms. Therefore community colonoscopy screening of fecal occult blood-positive asymptomatic healthy people is necessary, as it can help with the early detection and treatment of CRA. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - February 1, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Prevalence of multiple behavioral risk factors for chronic diseases in medical students and associations with their academic performance
AbstractPurposeMultiple behavioral risk factors (MBRFs) related to lifestyle have been associated with non-communicable diseases, but there is limited evidence on their prevalence in undergraduate medical students and their association with academic performance.MethodsDuring 1989 –2017, data from 1447 medical students of the University of Crete, Greece (mean age 21.8 ± 2.2 years), were analyzed. MBRFs assessed included smoking, high body weight, physical inactivity, risky alcohol consumption and low consumption of fruits and vegetables. Academic performance was based on the grades received i...
Source: Journal of Public Health - January 31, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Profession-related musculoskeletal disorders among Egyptian physicians and dentists
AbstractAimTo assess prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) and possible work-related risk factors among physicians compared to dentists.Subjects and methodsA questionnaire-based cross-sectional comparative study among 131 physicians and 66 dentists in three hospitals in Beni Suef city. Data gathered from the questionnaires included: socio-demographic data, occupational risk factors, and musculoskeletal symptoms, following the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (NMQ).ResultsAge ranged from 30 to 55  years, with a mean age of 35.2 ± 5 years among physicians. Smoking was significantly...
Source: Journal of Public Health - January 30, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Association of screen time with subjective health complaints in Iranian school-aged children and adolescents: the CASPIAN-V study
ConclusionProlonged time spent on television watching or computer use might be associated with adverse effects on children ’s and adolescents’ psychosomatic health status. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - January 29, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Results of primary health care intervention for prevention of hospitalizations and mortality due to hypertension in Brazil, 2000 –2015
ConclusionAccess to primary health care in developing countries has additional benefits than the reduction in mortality rates due to primary and secondary prevention, such as the benefits spillovers to non-communicable chronic diseases. However, lack of resources, socioeconomic inequalities, and deficiencies in primary health care operationalization in poor regions may limit the effect of primary health care programs. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - January 29, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Why does inaccessibility widely exist in healthcare in Ghana? Understanding the reasons from past to present
ConclusionThe authors therefore argue that there is no one main cause of healthcare inaccessibility in Ghana, but rather a confluence of issues is responsible, ranging from historical antecedents to current happenings. It is, therefore, imperative for stakeholders in the health sector to take into consideration the factors identified by the present study, in order to guide the design and implementation of policies toward improving healthcare accessibility. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - January 28, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Pharmacological and non-pharmacological management of COPD; limitations and future prospects: a review of current literature
ConclusionNew approaches such as e-technology can play an essential role in improving compliance and adherence to therapy. New therapies with better and long-lasting effects and minimized side effects need to be discovered to improve the pharmacological management of COPD. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - January 26, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Children ’s social communication skills and electronic screen exposure, perinatal, and other risk factors
AbstractAimTo explore if exposure to electronic screen media (ESM) can increase the risk of poor social communication skills in children.Subjects and methodsUsing the stratified, random cluster sampling method, 81,282 children aged 3 –12 years from seven districts in Shanghai were investigated in 2014. The children’s social communication skills were measured by the social communication questionnaire (SCQ).ResultsMore television viewing time every day was positively associated with the positive SCQ group (p ≤ 0.001). There was a dose–effect relationship between television screen time ...
Source: Journal of Public Health - January 19, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Sociodemographic factors associated with birth interval: a study among rural women in Chandina, Comilla, Bangladesh
ConclusionThe prevalence rate of 21.9% for birth intervals of less than 36  months found in this research provides some insights into the measures that need to be taken to encourage women in rural communities to lengthen their birth intervals to more than 36 months. This could prevent complications that may arise from shorter birth intervals and frequent pregnancies. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - January 18, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Conceptual approaches in the prevention of child overweight in Germany —the research project ‘Systematization of Conceptual Approaches’ (SCAP)
ConclusionThe results of the SCAP project can be used in the quality-oriented development of intervention measures, which could make it valuable for the implementation of the new German Preventive Health Care Act. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - January 15, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Direct reliability: strategies to revolutionize healthcare
ConclusionStrategies to revolutionize healthcare utilizing reliability should be considered imperative opportunities. These strategies include conceptualizing high-reliability science for healthcare as holistic, incorporating recommended robust process improvements along all spectra of healthcare, standardizing criteria to constitute a high-reliability organization in healthcare and measuring high reliability qualitatively, with the understanding that avoided catastrophic failures should be factored, and emphasizing public trust in medicine as a priority for high reliability. Notably, patient satisfaction and patient perce...
Source: Journal of Public Health - January 8, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

A review of knowledge and attitudes of young people on cervical cancer and HPV vaccination
ConclusionCervical cancer is potentially preventable. Effective screening and education programs with regard to human papillomavirus vaccination and infection can lead to a significant reduction in morbidity and mortality. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - January 7, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Smoking and alcohol consumption among university students of the healthcare area
AbstractAimTo investigate the prevalence of alcohol and tobacco consumption as well as behavioral and socio-demographic aspects among undergraduate students in the healthcare area of a Brazilian private university.Subjects and methodsA cross-sectional study was conducted with undergraduate students in health sciences courses, with randomized probabilistic sampling proportional to the number of students in each course. Two trained researchers, by means of a socio-demographic and behavioral questionnaire, carried out the data collection. One questionnaire related to the smoking habit and the other the Alcohol Use Disorder Id...
Source: Journal of Public Health - January 6, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Regional differences and trends in breast cancer surgical procedures and their relation to socioeconomic disparities and screening patterns
ConclusionThis research unveiled important differences in mastectomy rates in Switzerland. The results play an essential role in the identification of regions where special attention is required, and indications for extensive surgery in breast cancer should be revisited. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - January 6, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The smoking spectrum: review of the existing evidence and future directions
ConclusionSmoke-free efforts of public health departments should focus on empowering consumers —at least as much as on tobacco legislation—in order to enable them not to be drawn into using tobacco products in the first place. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - January 5, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Factors influencing the use of public and private health care facilities among poor older people in rural Ghana
ConclusionThe findings of this study have implications for addressing attitudinal problems existing mainly in public health care facilities in Ghana. It also calls for policy intervention toward equitable access to public and private health facilities, especially for poor older persons. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - January 3, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Association between panic attacks and cigarette smoking among psychiatric patients
ConclusionThe results of this study showed that smoking can increase the risk of panic attacks and increase its OR by about 3-fold, but more definitive research is needed to confirm this finding. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - December 27, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Is cognitive status of the Cretan elderly aged ≥ 75 years associated with known behavioral and vascular risk factors?
ConclusionAlthough the observational character of this study carries some potential limitations, the reverse association of cognitive capacity with hypertension constitutes a ‘paradox’ phenomenon and is in contrast to the current literature. Further research with a larger sample is needed to better understand the observed association. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - December 18, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Bangladeshi immigrants in Detroit: an exploration of residential mobility and its effects on health
ConclusionThese key areas will help guide future research to better understand US Bangladeshi community health outcomes, in addition to the importance of community-based understanding and approaches to address immigrant health issues. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - December 11, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Quality assurance for workplace health promotion. Validation of the quality criteria for WHP in the Austrian quality management system
ConclusionThe results justify the creation of an overall scale for assessing the quality of WHP. The mean varied by the year of submission, and there was a significant difference between both small/large enterprises and initial/renewal awards. The measurement tool can be considered a good screening instrument for awarding the WHP quality certificate. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - December 8, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

The relationship between dairy food intake and psychological distress among Iranian adults: results from a large cross-sectional population-based study
ConclusionsThe result showed dairy intake is associated with psychological distress. Further studies are required to confirm these associations. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - December 5, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Parents ’ representations and glycemic control among adolescents with type 1 diabetes
ConclusionsThe association found between paternal positive representations and glycemic control and the lack of any significance association within mothers point to the differences between motherhood and fatherhood in the context of an adolescent with T1DM. Therefore, fathers should be addressed as significant caregivers in treatment at the clinical practice. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 28, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Incidence of prescription vitamin B12 use in relation to diagnosis of Alzheimer ’s disease among community-dwelling persons
ConclusionsThe incidence of vitamin B12 use was considerably higher among persons with AD than in persons without AD around the time of AD diagnosis. On the other hand, the incidence of vitamin B12 use increased during the follow-up also in persons without AD. Regular checks of vitamin B12 levels among older people and earlier treatment of deficiency might reduce the disability related to vitamin B12 deficiency. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 27, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Passive smoking at home increased the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus in China
ConclusionsPassive smoking at home was associated with an increased risk of GDM among non-smoking Chinese women. These findings emphasize the importance of preventing passive smoking, especially at home. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 23, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Knowledge and satisfaction of health insurance clients: a cross-sectional study in a tertiary hospital in Ghana
ConclusionClients have less knowledge of the NHIS and are fairly satisfied with its services overall. However, they are more satisfied with healthcare provider services. More education and sensitization are necessary to increase knowledge and improve satisfaction and enrolment. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 21, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Socioeconomic profile and perceptions of Chagas disease in indigenous communities of the Paraguayan Chaco
ConclusionThere is no knowledge about Chagas disease in these communities because of different factors, including not associating symptoms with the disease, the predominance of ethnic languages, which limit the education process, and lack of access to public health. National Chagas Program efforts should be complemented by other programs with health education and improved learning conditions based on a comprehensive approach according to the rights and specific cultural characteristics of these populations. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 21, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Burnout prevention team-process evaluation of an organizational health intervention
ConclusionThe general high implementation rate suggests that the BPT can be proposed as a successful example for an organizational-focused approach that should be highly exportable to other health care institutions. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 20, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Path modeling of children ’s life outcomes: the 1987 Finnish Birth Cohort
ConclusionMore policy effort needs to be enacted to reduce childhood poverty and its consequences in Finland. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 17, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Can health spending be reined in through supply restraints? An evaluation of certificate-of-need laws
ConclusionRather than decreasing health care spending as intended, it appears that CON laws actually increase it. To the extent that policy makers wish to restrain health care spending, they may wish to repeal these laws. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 14, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

A plan to attenuate hunger and obesity: killing two birds with one stone
ConclusionEvery society can benefit from this program. It will not impose any extra financial burden on the participants or governments. (Source: Journal of Public Health)
Source: Journal of Public Health - November 13, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research